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Engineering

Middle East Cranes


Driving Construction 2009
Tower Crane Safety - Martin Banasik MSc CEng MIMechE

Engineering

Risk Management
Risk Consideration

The probability of the harm occurring


RISK = HAZARD x PROBABILITY
If it can happen, it will happen

03/04/09 Copyright Allianz

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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Risk Management
Risk Assessment
Suitable and sufficient
- Erection stage

(Installer)

- Climbing stage

(Installer/End User)

- Use stage

(End User)

Risk to employees at work


Risk to others at work location
The risk assessment should identify the risks arising from or in connection with
the work activity
The level of detail in a risk assessment should be proportionate to the risk
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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Risk Management
Risk Assessment and Method Statement
Site access (obstructions, services, traffic management, work area, etc)
Persons in the vicinity of lifting equipment (control of hazard zone)
Confirmation of ground condition suitability (erecting cranes)
Preparation of anchorage/crane base
Capacity and marking of lifting equipment (duty charts, ballast, etc)
Planning of erection operation (erection sequence and working configuration)
Management of the lifting operations
- Duties of the appointed person
- Control of lifting operation
- Safe system of work
- Communication lines
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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Risk Management
Risk Assessment Control Measures
To reduce the assessed risks to acceptable levels, using reasonable and
practical means
Suitable work equipment for the erection process
Adequate equipment maintenance/repair and records
Inspection by competent person
Training for the work function
- Competent appointed person
- Competent erection crew
- Competent crane operator
- Competent slinger/signaller
Provision of suitable and sufficient information and instruction
Training of operators and supervisors
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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Risk Management
Communication
Site induction process
Documented toolbox talks
Risk Assessment up-dates communicated
Method statement changes communicated
Health & Safety up-dates communicated
Ensuring work functions are understood by all

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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Inspection
Thorough Examination/Inspection
Inspection post installation and prior to first use at a
new site
Regular inspection when in-service
Inspection post, repair, alteration or incident and prior
to placing back into service
Place thorough examination in context
Operational environment
Duty
Utilisation
Consider defects and weaknesses
Recommend actions to rectify
Advise on Health & Safety improvements
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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Inspection
Thorough Examination/Inspection
Safety of persons operating equipment
On the access ladder
In the cab
On the walkway
Safety of persons in the vicinity of
equipment
Uncontrolled loss of load
Struck by moving equipment
Assessment of as seen condition

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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Inspection
Thorough Examination/Inspection
Security and adequacy of crane base (cast-in anchors, cruciform, travelling)
Ballast adequacy and security
Tower structural condition and fastener security
Slew assembly condition and gearing integrity
Jib and counter-jib security and structural condition
Counter-ballast adequacy and security
A frame and stay structural condition
Pivot joints and jib attachment integrity and security
Hoisting mechanism integrity (drive, gearing, braking, coupling)
Trolley mechanism integrity (drive, gearing, braking, coupling)
Rope, termination, guard and sheave condition
Hook block assembly integrity
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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Inspection
Thorough Examination/Inspection
Access ladder, platform, safety line condition and security
Cab security and operator guarding integrity
Operator functions and markings
Crane duty markings
Electrical cabling condition
Electrical enclosure security and suitability for operating environment
Hoist limit functions
Rated capacity indicator function
Rated capacity limiter function
Wind speed indicator function
Anti-collision system function
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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Inspection
Thorough Examination/Inspection
Critical Load Path
Assessment of the equipment and
identification of the significant components
and sub-assemblies which, if they were to
fail would result in
- Injury to persons
- Structural instability
- Uncontrolled loss of load

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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Inspection
Thorough Examination/Inspection
Safety Critical Components
Where a single failure of any part of the component could inevitably lead to
- Injury to persons
- Overload (indicating and limiting devices)
- Instability (indicating and limiting devices)
- Wind
- Moment
- Uncontrolled loss of load

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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Inspection
Thorough Examination/Inspection
Hidden Parts
Age of the equipment/installation
When were the items last exposed
What component replacement history
is there
Supplementary testing
NDE
Functional
Load
Calibration

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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Insurance
Contractors Plant
Owned Plant
If there is a total loss
- Replace the property or pay for the loss
or damage to the market value of the
plant

If there is a partial loss


- Pay for the cost of repairing the plant up
to the amount that would be paid had
there been a total loss

Hired In Plant
Cover the Insureds legal liability for
loss or damage and continuing hire
charges resulting from this loss or
damage under the hiring agreement
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Dubai 2009

Engineering

Risk Reduction
When it goes wrong!
Accidents do happen
Ensure that no-one gets hurt
Accidents avoided by:
Comprehensive planning
Attention to detail
Competent/Trained staff
Good communication

Partnership!

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