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You are here: Home / Marine Technology / Procedure/Maintenance

Boiler Operation Made Easy : Procedure for Startin


Stopping a Boiler
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OCTOBER 20, 2010 BY RAUNEK

A boiler is one of those machineries that gets the ship going. A boiler is something

required continuously in operating a ship, cannot be done away with. Moreover, it

equipment which generates steam at extremely high pressure, and it is for this rea
should be taken while operating it.

In this article we have brought to you a step-by-step procedure for starting and st

ship. With this procedure you can never go wrong, as far as boilers are concerned.
a boiler was never so easy.
Starting a Boiler

It is to note that the following steps may not apply to all types of boilers and each
additional steps to be followed as per its system design. However, the basic steps

1. Ensure that the vent valve on the boiler is open and check there is no press
2. Check that the steam stop valve is closed.

3. Check that all the valves for fuel are open, and let the fuel circulate through
comes to the temperature required by the manufacturer recommendation.

4. Check and open the feed water valves to the boiler and ll the water inside
above the low water level. This is done because it is not possible to start the

water level due to safety feature which prevent boiler from starting. Also, the

much because if lled too much, the water inside the boiler might expand an
boiler.

5. Start the boiler in automatic mode. The burner fan will start the purging cyc
any gases present in the furnace by forcing it out through the funnel.

6. After the pre-set purge time the pilot burner will ignite. The pilot burner con

electrodes, through which a large current is passed, via the transformer, pro

between the electrodes. The pilot burner is supplied with diesel oil and when
the former ignites.
7. The main burner which is supplied by heavy oil catches re with the help of

8. Check the combustion chamber from the sight glass to ensure the burner h
satisfactory.
9. Keep a close eye on the water level as the pressure increases and open the
level of water inside the gauge glass is stable.
10. Close the vent valve after the steam starts coming outside.
11. Open the steam stop valve.

12. Once the working steam pressure is reached, blow down the gauge glass an
check for the alarms.
Stopping a boiler

1. If the boiler is needed to be stopped for longer duration for maintenance or


change the fuel to distillate fuel.

2. If separate heating arrangement for heavy oil is present then theres is no n


distillate fuel and the oil is kept on circulation mode.
3. Stop the boiler automatic cycle.
4. Close the steam stop valves.
5. Close the boiler feed water valves.

6. When the boiler pressure is just reduced to over atmospheric pressure the v
to prevent vacuum formation inside the boiler.

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About Raunek

Raunek Kantharia is a marine engineer turned maritime writer and professi

brief stint at the sea, he founded Marine Insight in 2010. Apart from manag
also writes for a number of maritime magazines and websites.

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COMMENTS

Shubhankar says

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Ok..greatbut is it not true that when we start ring the boiler in automatic m
on ring till the boiler reaches the working pressure. And doing so can led to

crack. The common practice we used to follow on board my ship was ring th

mins & then stopping it for 30 mins. Then again starting for 10 mins & stoppi
so on until it reaches the working pressure.

james says
November 12, 2013 at 12:12 am

and when you re by auto it will inject great amount of fuel because the boiler

immediate the set point cut out we usually re by manual to control fuel pre

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