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SEKOLAH MENENGAH

PEKA

NAME: …………………………………………………………………………….

CLASS : …………………………… DATE :……….…………………………….

Experiment : To Study The Relationship Between The Angle Of Incidence and


The Angle of Refraction

Figure 1
Problem Statement
Figure 1 shows a spatula which is partially immersed in a glass filled with water.
It is found that the glass rod appears bent upward. By using a glass block, ray
box and other appropriate instrument describe an experiment.
Based on the observations in Figure 1

a. Make one suitable inference


b. State appropriate hyphotesis for an investigation
c. With the use of a glass block and other appropriate apparatus, describe an
experimental framework to test your hypothesis . In your description, state clearly the
following:
(i) Aim of experiment
(ii) Variable involved in the experiment
(iii) List of apparatus and materials
(iv) Arrangement of the apparatus
(v) The procedure of the experiment which include the method of
controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring
the responding variable
(vi) Way you would tabulate the data
(vii) Way you would analyse the data

Suhaimi 1
PWE Report (Practical Work Evaluation)
C1 (a) 1 Inference :
S1PI
1

C1 (b 1 Hypothesis :
S1PI )
2

C1 (c) 1 Aim/ Purpose of experiment :


S1PI
3

C1 2 Manipulated variable :
S1PI
4
Responding variable :

C1 3 Constant variable :
S1PI
4

C1 4 List of apparatus/instruments :
S2PI
1

Suhaimi 2
C1 5 Apparatus arrangement :
S2PI
2

C1 6 Method to control manipulated variables :


S2PI
3

Suhaimi 3
C1 7 Method to control responding variables :
S2PI
3

C1 8 Experiment repetition :
S2PI
3

Construct 2: Conducting the experiment

Scientific Performance Indicator (PI)


PI1: Setting up apparatus

PI2: Conducting experiment using the apparatus set up

PI3: Taking down readings

C1 9 Data tabulation : Tabulate data containing angle of incidence i , angle of


sin i
S2PI refraction r, sin i , sin r and
sin r
4

Suhaimi 4
Construct 3: Collecting and recording data

Scientific Performance Indicator (PI)


PI1: Making tables
PI2: Recording all values for manipulative variables
PI3: Recording all values for responding variables
PI4: Recording secondary data

Gradient og the graph:

10 Data analysis (Plot a graph of sin i versus sin r)

Suhaimi 5
Title : ___________________________________________________________________

Scientific Performance
Indicator (PI)
PI1: Relating the topic of the graph and drawing
correct axis
PI2: Uniform scale
PI3: Best, smooth, straight line
Contruct 4 PI4:
: Data analysis andgradient
Determining makingand
conclusions
drawing the triangle
PI5: Determining values from graph via
extrapolation or intrapolation
PI6: Making conclusions
Suhaimi PI7: Relating steps in order to get better accuracy 6
readings
Conclusion : (State relationship between variables and state whether your
C4 hypothesis is accepted or rejected)
PI6

Caution steps :
C4
PI7

Construct 5: Scientific Behaviour and moral values

Items Performance Indicator


Interest PI1: Quality work, Frequent
findings, intelligence
Systematic PI2: Organized work
Cooperative PI3: Helping out a lot
Responsible PI4: Takes care of the cleanliness of
the lab and safety

Suhaimi 7
Teacher’s Name : Ahmad Suhaimi Bin Halim
Date :

Suhaimi 8