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SCI 115 Strayer University Assignment and Discussion

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SCI 115 Week 1 Discussion


"Self-Replication and Cells"
Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following four (4) bulleted
options:

Suppose that someone used nanotechnology to build little robots (called


nanobots) that could make copies of themselves. Discuss whether or not you
believe the nanobots would be alive. Explain why or why not?

Go to The Economist website to read the article titled "A Game of Cat and
Mouse", dated June 3, 2010. Discuss what you believe are the main points of the
article. Explain how it relates to this weeks lessons. Give examples with your
response.

A person is declared to be dead upon the irreversible cessation of


spontaneous body functions: brain activity, or blood circulation and respiration.
However, only about 1% of a persons cells have to die in order for all of these
things to happen. Explain how a person can be dead when 99% of his or her cells
are still alive, and provide examples with your explanation.

In 2005, researcher Woo-suk Hwang reported that he had made immortal


stem cells from human patients. His research was hailed as a breakthrough for
people affected by degenerative diseases, because stem cells may be used to repair
a persons own damaged tissues. Hwang published his results in a peer-reviewed
journal. In 2006, the journal retracted his paper after other scientists discovered
that Hwangs group had faked the data. Discuss the implications of the incident. In
your brief discussion, determine if the incident shows that results of scientific
studies cannot be trusted or if it confirms the usefulness of a scientific approach,
because other scientists discovered and exposed the fraud.
Get Answer: http://www.justquestionanswer.com/viewanswer_detail/SCI-115-Week1-Discussion-Self-Replication-and-Cells-N-22422

SCI 115 Week 2 Discussion


"Molecules and Cell Structures"
Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the four (4) bulleted options.

In an essay of the universal nature of biochemistry, located at


http://www.pnas.org/content/98/3/805.full), Norman Pace argues that carbon is the
only chemical element that can form the backbones of molecules that make up
living things. Determine what Paces argument is and explain why he believes this.

The bonding properties of water give it certain characteristics: surface


tension, capillary action, universal solvent, high specific heat, and a high heat of
vaporization. Indicate three reasons why you believe these properties are important
to organisms that live underwater. In your own words, explain one of the following
everyday phenomena in regard to the bonding properties of water, and propose one
other everyday phenomenon that demonstrates the bonding properties of water:
o Why do you feel cool when you sweat?
o Why do paper towels (made of cellulose, another polar molecule) absorb water?
o How can a water strider walk on water?

A group working at the University of California, Berkeley has developed Nano


thermometers, little nanoparticles that can be injected into cells to measure the
temperature in various places in the cell. So far, they have been used in cells
growing in a culture dish. Indicate what you think the group will discover about the
temperature in different parts of the cell. Discuss whether you believe it will be the
same or different, and explain why.

The 1992 movie Lorenzos Oil recounts the story of six-year-old Lorenzo
Odone and his battle with adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), which is caused by a
malfunctioning organelle called a peroxisome. A peroxisome is an organelle that
ordinarily contains enzymes capable of breaking down long-chain fatty acids. In
ALD, the enzyme is missing, and when long-chain fatty acids accumulate, muscle
weakness, and loss of control result. Select the organelle in the cell that is the most
similar in structure and function to a peroxisome, and explain why you chose that
organelle. Describe the function and structure of the organelle that you chose. Give
examples of how a dietician might be able to help a person with ALD.
Get Answer: http://www.justquestionanswer.com/viewanswer_detail/SCI-115-Week2-Discussion-Molecules-and-Cell-Structures-22423

SCI 115 Week 3 Discussion


"Energy for Life and Energy Reactions and Processes"
Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following four (4) bulleted
items.

The breakdown of ATP releases energy, which is utilized by other reactions


that require energy. Identify other examples where inventions have utilized a similar
principle, where energy released during one reaction is utilized elsewhere. List three
reasons why either one of the processes is more efficient than the other.

Go to one (1) of the Websites listed below to read the blog post of your
choice. Discuss the main points of the blog post you chose to read. Explain how it
relates to this weeks lessons. Give examples with your response.
- "How Exercise Can Strengthen the Brain"
- "Can Exercise Keep You Young?"

Go to the Dive Discover Website and review the Web page titled Vent
Biology: Introduction to Photosynthesis vs. Chemosynthesis. Analyze the major
similarities and differences between chemosynthesis and photosynthesis.
Determine what you believe is the most significant step in regard to harnessing
energy within each process, and explain why.

Go to The Guardians Website to read the article titled GM microbe


breakthrough paves way for large-scale seaweed farming for biofuels, dated
January 19, 2012. Discuss the main point of the article. Determine at least three (3)
benefits of the genetically modified organism(s) described in the article. Give your
opinion about what risks the genetically modified organisms pose to society, and
explain how non-scientist citizens can arrive at an informed opinion in such matters.
Get Answer: http://www.justquestionanswer.com/viewanswer_detail/SCI-115-Week3-Discussion-Energy-for-Life-and-Energy-React-22424

SCI 115 Week 4 Discussion


"Bird Flu Research, DNA, and RNA" Please respond to the following:
Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following three (3) bulleted
items.


Go to one (1) of the Websites listed below to read the article of your choice.
Examine the benefits and risks this research poses to society. Indicate if you believe
there are more benefits or more risks associated with this research, and give a
rationale with your response.
- Controversial H5N1 bird flu papers published, fuels fears of airborne
mutations
- The evolution of bird flu and the race to keep up

Examine the differences between DNA and RNA. Explain the main reasons.
DNA is the most favorable molecule for genetic material and how RNA compares to
it in this respect.

Mutations are the original source of genetic variation. Explain how mutations
can accumulate in DNA, given that cells have repair systems that fix mispaired
nucleotides or breaks in DNA strands. Give an example of a genetic mutation with
your response.
Get Answer: http://www.justquestionanswer.com/viewanswer_detail/SCI-115-WEEK4-DISCUSSION-Bird-Flu-Research-DNA-and-RNA-22427

SCI 115 Week 5 Discussion


"Cells and Cancer and Sexual Reproduction" Please respond to the following:
Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following four (4) bulleted
items.

Go to the Science Blogs Website and read the blog post titled Dichloro
acetate and cancer. Explain how the blog post ties in with this weeks lessons.
Indicate three (3) significant ways this post tells us about the link between
metabolism, apoptosis, and cancer, and provide an example with your response.

Go to the Postcards from Winticomack Website and read the blog post titled,
Using genetically-modified bacteria to fight cancer at Johns Hopkins. Discuss the
main point of the article. Determine at least three (3) benefits of the genetically
modified bacteria described in the article. Give your opinion on what risks the
genetically modified bacteria may pose to those receiving the cancer treatments.

Describe the major differences between Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Explain what
you believe is the most significant difference in respect to sexual reproduction, and
explain why.


Discuss the advantages of sexual reproduction in plants over asexual
reproduction. Determine if there are any disadvantages, and explain why or why
not.
Get Answer: http://www.justquestionanswer.com/viewanswer_detail/SCI-115-Week5-Discussion-Cells-and-Cancer-and-Sexual-Repr-22898

SCI 115 Week 5 Assignment 1 Biology Article


Due Week 5 and worth 120 points
Use the Internet and / or the Strayer Learning Resource Center to research aspects
of biology.
Select an article from a magazine or newspaper that has something in it that
pertains to biology. This will serve as the target article for this assignment. For
instance, you can select an article about medicine, invasive species, nature,
conservation, genetic technology, ecology, or any other topic that is related to
biology. One purpose of this assignment is to help you become aware of how biology
is related to your everyday life.
Write a one to three (1-3) page paper in which you:
1.
Summarize the article in one (1) or more paragraphs, using your own words.
Be sure to identify the article using an in-text citation in the body of the paper, as
well as a reference in the reference section.
2.
Explain how the article relates to this course. Identify which biological concepts
from the course and / or text are relevant to the topic covered in the article. Citing
the course text, discuss the ways in which this course does (or doesnt) provide
background information to help you understand the article and the larger issues
surrounding it.
3.
Explain why the article caught your attention. Relate the article to your life and
to issues that are important to you. Discuss how or if the scientific knowledge about
the topic covered in the article affects you directly or indirectly.
4.
Discuss your opinion on how research on this topic should be funded. State
whether you think taxpayer monies should support research on this topic or
whether such research in this area should be funded by the private sector. Rate the
importance of research on this topic, relative to other areas of research.
In addition to the target article, you should use at least one additional resource,
such as your textbook or another article. You must have a reference section which
contains an APA reference to your chosen article and all other sources. Additionally,

you must provide in-text citations (in APA format) to your references in the body of
the text. Integrate all sources into your paper using proper techniques of quoting,
paraphrasing and summarizing, along with your in-text citations.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with oneinch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific
format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
.Get Answer: http://www.justquestionanswer.com/viewanswer_detail/SCI-115-Week5-Assignment-1-Biology-Article-Use-the-Interne-22900

SCI 115 Week 6 Discussion


"Inheritance and Genetic Engineering" Please respond to the following:
Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following four (4) bulleted
items.

Compare and contrast the Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of


inheritance. Describe what you believe is the most significant difference, and
explain why.

In 1918, an influenza pandemic that originated with avian flu killed 50 million
people. Researchers isolated samples of that virus from bodies of infected people
preserved in Alaskan permafrost since 1918. From the samples, they sequenced the
viral genome, and then reconstructed the virus. The reconstructed virus is 39,000
times more infectious than modern influenza strains, and 100 percent lethal in mice.
Understanding how this virus works can help us defend ourselves against other
deadly influenza strains that arise. For example, discovering what makes it so
infectious would help researchers design more effective vaccines. Consider this
statement: Critics of the research are concerned that if the virus escapes the
containment facilities (even though it has not done so yet), it might cause another
pandemic. Worse, terrorists could use the published DNA sequence and methods to
make the virus for horrific purposes. Determine whether or not you believe this
research makes us more or less safe, and explain why. Propose at least one (1)
other application these discoveries could be used for.

Go to one (1) of the Websites below to read the article of your choice. Discuss
the main point of the article you chose to read. Determine at least three (3)
benefits of the genetically modified organism(s) described in the article. Give your
opinion about what risks the genetically modified organisms pose to society, and
justify how non-scientist citizens can arrive at an informed opinion in such matters.

-"Synthetic Life: the Revolution Begins"


-"Engineering Food for All"

Go to The New York Times Website to read the article titled Concerns are
raised about genetically-engineered mosquitos, dated October 30. In your own
words, summarize the pros and cons of using genetically engineered insects to
control pests. Determine if you would be for or against the use of genetically
engineered insects in your neighborhood, and explain why.
Get Answer: http://www.justquestionanswer.com/viewanswer_detail/SCI-115-Week6-Discussion-Inheritance-and-Genetic-Engineer-22902

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