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May 14, 2008

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HEAT TRANSFER

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HEAT TRANSFER

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Apr/May 2008

HEAT TRANSFER

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Distinguish between conduction, convection and radiation modes of heat trans-

fer.

(b) A solar pane, 1 m × 1.25m receives solar radiation 1500 watts, Calculate

surface temperature of the pane if the ambient temperature is 25 0 C and the

convective heat transfer coefficient of the air film over the surface of pane is

12.5 W/m2 -deg. [8+8]

2. A composite slab consists of 250 mm fire clay brick (k=1.09 W/mK) inside, 100

mm fired earth brick(0.26 W/mK) and outer layer of common brick (0.6 W/mK)

of thickness 50 mm. If inside surface is at 1200 0 C and outside surface is at 100 0 C,

find:

(b) the temperature of the junctions and

(c) the temperature at 200 mm from the outer surface of the wall. [16]

3. A wall of thickness 100 mm is insulated on one side and other side is exposed to

0 0 C. Determine the wall temperature insulated surface if the internal heat gener-

ation in the wall is at the rate of 106 W/m3 . Take k = 40 W/mK. [16]

pipe of 50 cm long and 5 cm in diameter. If the pipe surface temperature is

maintained at 80 0 C, find heat loss from the pipe per hour. If the pipe is kept

vertical, then also find out heat loss from the pipe per hour. [16]

5. (a) Air at 20 0 C and 1 atmosphere flows over a flat plate at 35 m/s. The plate is

75 cm long and is maintained at 60 0 C. Calculate the heat transfer from the

plate per unit width of the plate. Also calculate the turbulent boundary layer

thickness at the end of the plate assuming it to develop from the leading edge

of the plate.

(b) Distinguish between bulk mean temperature and film temperature. [12+4]

atmospheric pressure. If the surface of the copper plate is maintained at a

temperature of 125 0 C, find the surface heat flux and the evaporation rate per

unit area of the plate.

1 of 2

Code No: RR320306 Set No. 1

(b) A 10mm dia, 1m long copper tube with a scored surface is to be used to

boil water adjacent to the external surface at atm pr, Calculate the surface

temperature of the tube so that it operates at half the maximum heat flux.

Find also the heat dissipation rate and the evaporation rate of water. [8+8]

(b) Prove that intensity of radiation is given by Ib = Eb /Π

(c) State and explain Kirchoff’s identity? What are the condition’s under which

it is applicable. [4+6+6]

8. (a) Derive an expression for effectiveness of a parallel flow heat exchanger using

NTU method.

(b) A hot gas at the rate of 16.2 Kg/Sec at 648 0 C (Cp = 3.52 KJ/Kg-k ) is used

to heat 20.2 kg /sec of the incoming fluid at 100 0 C (Cp = 4.2 KJ/Kg K) in a

heat exchanger. If the overall heat transfer Coefficient is 0.92 KW/m2 -K for

an effective area of 43.8 m2 , find the fluid outlet temperatures for counter flow

and parallel flow arrangements. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR320306 Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Apr/May 2008

HEAT TRANSFER

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) One side of a plane wall is maintained at 100 0 C, while the other side is exposed

to a convection environment having T=10 0 C and h= 11 W /m2 K The wall

has k = 1.6 W/m K and is 40 cm thick. Calculate the heat transfer rate

through the wall.

(b) A 6 mm steel plate having a thermal conductivity of 43 W / m K is exposed

to a radiant heat flux of 4.9 kW /m2 in a vacuum space where the convection

heat transfer is negligible. Assuming that the surface temperature of the steel

exposed to the radiant energy is maintained at 40 0 C, What will be the other

surface temperature if all the radiant energy striking the plate is transferred

through the plate by conduction? [16]

2. A composite slab consists of 250 mm fire clay brick (k=1.09 W/mK) inside, 100

mm fired earth brick(0.26 W/mK) and outer layer of common brick (0.6 W/mK)

of thickness 50 mm. If inside surface is at 1200 0 C and outside surface is at 100 0 C,

find:

(b) the temperature of the junctions and

(c) the temperature at 200 mm from the outer surface of the wall. [16]

3. A wall of thickness 100 mm is insulated on one side and other side is exposed to

0 0 C. Determine the wall temperature insulated surface if the internal heat gener-

ation in the wall is at the rate of 106 W/m3 . Take k = 40 W/mK. [16]

4. (a) A flat electrical heater of 0.4 m × 0.4 m size is placed vertically in still air at

20 0 C. The heat generated is 1200 w/m2 . Determine the value of convective

heat transfer co-efficient and the average plate temperature.

(b) Explain Grashoff number significance in natural convective heat transfer.[10+4]

ature of 130 0 C in a large tank full of water at 70 0 C. Estimate the rate of

heat input into the plate necessary to maintain the temperature of 130 0 C.

(b) Differentiate velocity and thermal Boundary layers by a neat diagram. [8+8]

atmospheric pressure. If the surface of the copper plate is maintained at a

temperature of 125 0 C, find the surface heat flux and the evaporation rate per

unit area of the plate.

1 of 2

Code No: RR320306 Set No. 2

(b) A 10mm dia, 1m long copper tube with a scored surface is to be used to

boil water adjacent to the external surface at atm pr, Calculate the surface

temperature of the tube so that it operates at half the maximum heat flux.

Find also the heat dissipation rate and the evaporation rate of water. [8+8]

7. (a) State and prove reciprocity theorem as applied to radiation shape factors.

(b) Two concentric cylinders having diameters of 10 cm and 20 cm have a length

of 20 cm. Calculate the shape factor between the open ends of the cylinders.

[4+12]

8. A drying plant needs hot air at 1350 C. This is obtained by passing 2.45 Kg/Sec of

atmospheric air at 1 bar pressure and 27 0 C over tubes through which hot glycerin

is circulated. The tubes have 20mm diameter, 1.5mm thickness, With a thermal

conductivity of the material of the tube 50 W/m-K. The hot glycerin enters at

210 0 C and leaves at 305 0 C. Assuming counter flow, Find:

(b) total heating surface and

(c) number of tubes and number of passes for heater length of 3.22m, At average

temperature ,the properties for ai r; Cp = 1005 J/kg- K; R= 287 J/kg-K and

convective heat transfer coefficient from air to metal h = 170 W/m2 -K for hot

glycerin, Cp = 1885 J/kg-K; k = 0.13 W/m-K; m = 2.0 *10−3 Kg/m-s and

flow rate = 496 kg /sec-m2 and the heat transfer coefficient for glycerin to

metal is governed by the relation hd/K = 0.023(Re).0.8 P r.0.4. . [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR320306 Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Apr/May 2008

HEAT TRANSFER

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) The surface of steel plate measuring 0.9m long × 0.6m wide × 0.025m thick is

maintained at a uniform temperature of 300 0 C, and the plate loses 250 watt

by radiation. If air at 15 0 C temperature and 20 w/m2 -deg convective heat

transfer coefficient blows over the plate, calculate the temperature on inside

surface of the plate. Take thermal conductivity of plate as 45w/m-deg.

(b) Derive expressions for temperature distribution during steady sate heat con-

duction in a solid sphere with internal heat generation. [8+8]

2. A composite slab consists of 250 mm fire clay brick (k=1.09 W/mK) inside, 100

mm fired earth brick(0.26 W/mK) and outer layer of common brick (0.6 W/mK)

of thickness 50 mm. If inside surface is at 1200 0 C and outside surface is at 100 0 C,

find:

(b) the temperature of the junctions and

(c) the temperature at 200 mm from the outer surface of the wall. [16]

3. A wall of thickness 100 mm is insulated on one side and other side is exposed to

0 0 C. Determine the wall temperature insulated surface if the internal heat gener-

ation in the wall is at the rate of 106 W/m3 . Take k = 40 W/mK. [16]

4. (a) A flat electrical heater of 0.4 m × 0.4 m size is placed vertically in still air at

20 0 C. The heat generated is 1200 w/m2 . Determine the value of convective

heat transfer co-efficient and the average plate temperature.

(b) Explain Grashoff number significance in natural convective heat transfer.[10+4]

Illustrate with reference to flow over a flat heated plate. [16]

6. (a) Assuming laminar film condensation, calculate the ratio of the heat transfer

to a vertical tube to that for a horizontal tube of same diameter, D and length

H. Briefly comment on the implications of this in the condenser design.

(b) A vertical plate 0.4m wide and 1.2m high is maintained at 60 0 C and exposed

to saturated steam at 1 bar. Calculate the heat transfer and the total mass

of steam condensed per hour. [10+6]

(b) What does radiation shape factor mean?

1 of 2

Code No: RR320306 Set No. 3

(c) Two parallel black plates 0.5 by 1.0 m are separated by 0.5m distance. One

plate is at 1100 0 C and the other at 600 0 C. What is the net radiant heat

exchange between the two plates?

(d) Calculate the shape factor for a hemispherical surface closed by a plane surface.

[4+2+6+4]

8. (a) Derive an expression for logarithmic mean temperature difference for the case

of counter flow exchanger.

(b) A liquid chemical flows through a thin walled copper tube of 12 mm diameter

at the rate of 0.5 kg/sec water flows in opposite direction at the rate 0.37

kg/sec through the annular space formed by this tube and a tube diameter

of 20 mm. The liquid chemical enters and leaves at 100 0 C and 60 0 C, while

water enters at 10 0 C. Find the length of tube required. Also find the length

of tube required if the water flows in the same direction as liquid chemical.

The properties of water and liquid chemical are: [8+8]

0 0

PROPERTIES 27 C LIQUID CHEMICALAT 80 C WATERAT

ρ, Kg/m3 1078 995

2

µ, Kg/m-Sec 3200*10 −6

853 *10−6

Cp, J/Kg-K 2050 4180

K,W/mK 0.261 0.614

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR320306 Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Apr/May 2008

HEAT TRANSFER

( Common to Mechanical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Distinguish between conduction, convection and radiation modes of heat trans-

fer.

(b) A solar pane, 1 m × 1.25m receives solar radiation 1500 watts, Calculate

surface temperature of the pane if the ambient temperature is 25 0 C and the

convective heat transfer coefficient of the air film over the surface of pane is

12.5 W/m2 -deg. [8+8]

mm fired earth brick(0.26 W/mK) and outer layer of common brick (0.6 W/mK)

of thickness 50 mm. If inside surface is at 1200 0 C and outside surface is at 100 0 C,

find:

(b) the temperature of the junctions and

(c) the temperature at 200 mm from the outer surface of the wall. [16]

3. Derive the general equation for the temperature distribution along a fin? State

different boundary conditions and derive the equations for heat flow for:

(b) long fin. [16]

4. (a) A flat electrical heater of 0.4 m × 0.4 m size is placed vertically in still air at

20 0 C. The heat generated is 1200 w/m2 . Determine the value of convective

heat transfer co-efficient and the average plate temperature.

(b) Explain Grashoff number significance in natural convective heat transfer.[10+4]

ature of 130 0 C in a large tank full of water at 70 0 C. Estimate the rate of

heat input into the plate necessary to maintain the temperature of 130 0 C.

(b) Differentiate velocity and thermal Boundary layers by a neat diagram. [8+8]

6. (a) Estimate peak heat flux and minimum heat flux for water boiling at atm

pressure.

(b) In pool boiling on a horizontal surface with water at atmospheric pressure the

heat flow is 50 kW/m2 . Make calculations for surface temperature required.

How does this value compare if the boiling occurs on a vertical flat plate? Use

1 of 2

Code No: RR320306 Set No. 4

the following correlations.

7. (a) Derive a general expression for interchange factor for radiation between two

non-black parallel surfaces of same area.

(b) Two opposed, parallel infinite planes are maintained at 400 0 C and 460 0 C

respectively. Calculate the net radiant heat flux between these planes if one

has an emissivity of 0.6 and the other an emissivity of 0.4. [10+6]

8. (a) Derive an expression for logarithmic mean temperature difference for the case

of counter flow exchanger.

(b) A liquid chemical flows through a thin walled copper tube of 12 mm diameter

at the rate of 0.5 kg/sec water flows in opposite direction at the rate 0.37

kg/sec through the annular space formed by this tube and a tube diameter

of 20 mm. The liquid chemical enters and leaves at 100 0 C and 60 0 C, while

water enters at 10 0 C. Find the length of tube required. Also find the length

of tube required if the water flows in the same direction as liquid chemical.

The properties of water and liquid chemical are: [8+8]

0 0

PROPERTIES 27 C LIQUID CHEMICALAT 80 C WATERAT

ρ, Kg/m3 1078 995

µ, Kg/m-Sec2 3200*10−6 853 *10−6

Cp, J/Kg-K 2050 4180

K,W/mK 0.261 0.614

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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