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3G and EDGE:

3G is a specification for the third generation of mobile communication of mobile

communication technology. 3G promises increased bandwidth, up to 384 Kbps when a device is
EDGE(Enhanced Data rates for Global Evolution )is a radio based high speed mobile data
"4G"4G is the term used to refer to the next wave of high-speed mobile technologies that will
be used to replace current 3G networks. The two top contenders are LTE and WiMAX, both of
which are IP based networks that are built from similar, yet incompatible, technologies.
WLL:- In a telephone network, a wireless local loop (WLL) is a generic term for an access system that
uses a wireless link to connect subscribers to their local exchange in place of conventional copper cable.
Using a wireless link shortens the construction period and also reduces installation and operating costs.

GPRS General Packet Radio Service is a packet-switching technology that enables

data transfers through cellular networks. It is used for mobile internet, MMS and
other data communications. In theory the speed limit of GPRS is 115 kbps, but in
most networks it is around 35 kbps. Informally, GPRS is also called 2.5G.

VIDEO CONFERENCING PROTOCOLS H.323:- H.323 is a recommendation from the

ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) that defines the protocols to
provide audio-visual communication sessions on any packet network. H.323
standard addresses call signaling and control, multimedia transport and control, and
bandwidth control.

WEB 2.0:- Web 2.0 describes web sites that use technology beyond the static pages
of earlier web sites. A Web 2.0 site may allow users to interact and collaborate with
each other in a social media dialogue as creators of user-generated content in a
virtual community, in contrast to websites where people are limited to the passive
viewing of content. Examples of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, blogs,
wikis, folksonomies, video sharing sites, hosted services, web applications, and

SIP:- The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is a signaling communications protocol, widely
used for controlling multimedia communication sessions such as voice and video calls over
Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
SIP can be used for creating, modifying and terminating two-party (unicast) or multiparty
(multicast) sessions consisting of one or several media streams. Other SIP applications include
video conferencing, streaming multimedia distribution, instant messaging, presence information,
file transfer, fax over IP and online games.
VOIP:- Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a methodology and group of
technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over
Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet. Other terms commonly
associated with VoIP are IP telephony, Internet telephony, voice over broadband
(VoBB), broadband telephony, IP communications, and broadband phone service.
provisioning of communications services (voice, fax, SMS, voice-messaging) over
the public Internet, rather than via the public switched telephone network (PSTN).

TELNET:- Telecommunications Network / Terminal Emulation Link Network. Telnet

stands for 'telecommunications network', and was built to be form of remote control
to manage mainframe computers from distant terminals. In those original days of
large mainframe computers, telnet enabled research students and professors to 'log
in' to the university mainframe from any terminal in the building. This remote login
saved researchers hours of walking each semester.

PROTECTION METHODS:- Its simply used techniques for protection of network against
various threats.
Firewall , proxy server, password protection, encryption techniques r included.
SMTP:- Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for
electronic mail (e-mail) transmission across Internet Protocol (IP) networks.

INDIAN IT ACT:- Cyber laws are contained in the IT Act, 2000.

This Act aims to provide the legal infrastructure for e-commerce in India. And the cyber
laws have a major impact for e-businesses and the new economy in India. Cyber crimes can
involve criminal activities that are traditional in nature, such as theft, fraud, forgery, defamation
and mischief, all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code.

IPR ISSUES:- Intellectual property (IP) is a legal concept which refers to creations
of the mind for which exclusive rights are recognized.Under intellectual property
law, owners are granted certain exclusive rights to a variety of intangible assets,
such as musical, literary, and artistic works; discoveries and inventions; and words,
phrases, symbols, and designs. Common types of intellectual property rights include
copyright, trademarks, patents, industrial design rights, trade dress, and in some
jurisdictions trade secrets.

Stands for:

Code Division Multiple Access

Storage Type: Internal Memory


Global System for Mobile
SIM (subscriber identity module) Card

There is one physical channel and a

special code for every device in the
Every cell has a corresponding network
coverage network. Using this code, the
tower, which serves the mobile phones
signal of the device is multiplexed, and
in that cellular area.
the same physical channel is used to send
the signal

Less Accessible
Single(850 MHz)

Most Accessible
Multiple(850/900/1800/1900 MHz)


Handset specific

SIM specific. User has option to

select handset of his choice.