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The Prince

(Virtue and Fortune)

According to an ancient tradition that goes back to Aristotle, politics is a sub-branch of ethics.
Ethics being defined as the moral behavior of individuals, and politics being defined as the
morality of individuals in social groups or organized communities. Machiavelli was the first
theorist to decisively divorce politics from ethics, and hence to give a certain autonomy to the
study of politics.
Machiavelli’s The Prince was a practical guide for ruling the government. He wrote the book as a
dedication to Lorenzo de’ Medici, the ruler of Florence. The Prince is not particularly theoretical
or abstract. Its prose is simple and logically straightforward.
Like other Western philosophers, Machiavelli was influenced by the early Greek philosophers,
especially Plato. However, in many cases Machiavelli seems to be arguing against Platonic
philosophy. Plato believed in just rulers, who ruled via moral virtue. Machiavelli believed in
Virtu, whatever was best for the State was Virtu. In Plato's time, man served the state. According
to Monarch notes on The Republic: The basic idea referred to is the view that ethics and politics
are the same, or at least co-terminous.
The Prince, written by Machiavelli is concerned with the issues politics, ruling a state and how a
ruler or a leader should be. The key properties of a ruler are represented by Machiavelli in details
and the inner and outer effects of the success in ruling are mentioned. One of the most important
topics in The Prince is about the relationship of skillfulness (virtu) of the ruler and his good or
bad chance (fortune) and their effects on gaining and keeping the power. Machiavelli defines
virtues as qualities that are praised by others, such as generosity, compassion, and piety. He
argues that a prince should always try to appear virtuous, but that acting virtuously for virtue’s
sake can prove detrimental to the principality. A prince should not necessarily avoid vices such as
cruelty or dishonesty if employing them will benefit the state. Cruelty and other vices should not
be pursued for their own sake, just as virtue should not be pursued for its own sake: virtues and

Machiavelli warns that the total honesty is not always what a good Prince needs to hear. not how things could be if the world was perfect. given chance cannot be used effectively for a long time. and without the skills. Fortuna. He noted that there is no way to guard against flattery but by letting it be seen that you take no offence in hearing the truth but when everyone is free to tell the truth and respect falls short. He was concerned with how things were in reality. The Prince was an attempt to prevent form those failures being repeated in the future. When a private individual becomes a ruler. The Prince is quiet crucial for it promotes violence in many ways. Without a chance. politics is a kind of game that is cruel. but is a type of flattery that should be avoided. was a realist. All of the mentioned rulers have their good chance once and they use this chance in their own way by showing all their skills and strength. Machiavelli tried unsuccessfully to use this treatise to gain an advisory appointment either to the papacy or the court of the Duke. If it is justifies the ends to a means and that is virtu. He said that virtue for him is what the best is for everyone. As we all know. which has the present meaning of manliness. he will need both his inner skills and a good chance to show them. Machiavelli shows some examples from the history such as Moses. Machiavelli. It is the inner ability to gain the power and not to lose it easily. Virtu. if it meant the . Politicians must lie in order to ensure the utilitarian good for the nation. fortune is explained as the word of God and the luck and opportunity that is given to the ruler. however. not in terms of its intrinsic moral value. As Machiavelli states that the fortune determines one half of the actions the other half is controlled by the person himself. He was not concerned with moral virtue. It’s pretty obvious that Machiavelli’s idea of virtue is really different from the real meaning of virtue as a good character. Romulus and Theseus. with the present use. Cyrus. The relationship of fortune and the virtu will bring him the success. These rulers do not depend on given opportunities but work to make their success long-lasting.vices should be conceived as means to an end. strength. He was greatly influenced by his failures in public life. intelligence and prudence of a ruler. A ruler by fortune is dependent to outer sources that has given him the power. is used by Machiavelli as having skills. the skills will not find a way to show them while gaining the power. This is why the given examples are relevant and important to explain the relationship between fortune and virtue. Every action the prince takes must be considered in light of its effect on the state.

and that his only concern. one of the safest place in the World is Davao city lead by Mayor Rodrigo Duterte. As Machiavelli said. We all know how he is. and I think as Machiavelli’s good ruler. . I state a very good example of a good ruler he emphasized. He declared that a states exists to make war. violent leader nowadays.destruction and defeat of his state. Though he just do the right thing for his government and that right thing is wrong for the other people. If it for the good of the country then a good ruler should do everything to protect his government even though the only solution to protect is by violence. barbaric. I will agree on what he’s doing. a good ruler makes war. it is better to make war at least you protect your people and that is what Mayor Duterte did. There are really many bad people in our country. But. As I freely comment on what Machiavelli’s The Prince stated. He is now a Presidential Candidate in our country. Mayor Duterte known to be harsh. and he promised to kill all the bad people in the Philippines. those bad people should go to jail and a ruler should keep his people safe. In the Philippines. Mayor Duterte is not just an icon of the good kind of bad-ass but he is also a living example of what real public service should be like.