You are on page 1of 26

SPECIFICATION FOR SANITARY WORKS

i

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0

GENERAL...........................................................................................................................1

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14

Scope of Work.............................................................................................................1
General........................................................................................................................1
Basic Materials and Method........................................................................................2
Materials Trade Names Variations..............................................................................2
Regulations..................................................................................................................2
Drawings and Specifications.......................................................................................2
Shop Drawings............................................................................................................2
As Built Record...........................................................................................................3
Cutting and Patching...................................................................................................3
Painting.......................................................................................................................3
Expansion and Contraction.........................................................................................3
Pipe Sleeves................................................................................................................3
Clean Up......................................................................................................................4
Pressure Testing...........................................................................................................4

2.0

EXCAVATION WORKS.....................................................................................................5

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12

Alignment and Grade..................................................................................................5
Excavation in Tunnels.................................................................................................5
Opening Out Trenches.................................................................................................5
Obstruction of Roads...................................................................................................6
Removal of Sewage.....................................................................................................6
Excavation to be Taken to Proper Depths...................................................................6
Backfilling...................................................................................................................6
Contractor to Restore Settlements and Damages........................................................6
Disposal of Surplus Soil..............................................................................................6
Timbering of Sewer and Trenches...............................................................................6
Shoring of Buildings...................................................................................................7
Removal of Water from Sewer, Trenches etc..............................................................7
ii

.............12 6........................................................8 3.................................................15 Flanges (GI Pipe Line)............................15 Painting (GI Pipe Line)...................................0 SANITARY AND SEWER PIPES............................8 3.............0 WATER SUPPLY..............................................15 iii ...............................10 4.1 3..........14 Clamps....................................2 Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) Pipe & Fittings...............5 6.........1 Galvanised Mild Steel (GI) Pipe & Fittings.....................................................................13 6................15 Unions...................................1.......................8 Sewer Drainage and Site Drainage............14 Testing Water Service Lines.....................................................................................................13 6...........12 5.........4 Manholes and Grease Trap Collection Chambers.............4 6............................................................................................................................1..8 6....................12 6.................................................................................................................3..................12 6...............................1 Pipe Line.............................12 Clean Outs................................................................11 4.......................................................................13 Isolating Valves..............................................................................8 3............................................................11 4..........................................................................................................................15 Hose Bibs..........................................2.......................................4 Poly Propylene Random Copolymer (PP-R) Pipe & Fittings...................................................2 6..................................13 6...............................................................................................................8 3...13 Jointing..............0 SOIL...............................................9 Laying.............1..........................................12 5..................................10 4................................................12 Cutting and Making Good.........................2 Storage and Handling...................................10 4..................5 Testing................1...2 4...................................1 5........................................ Waste and Vent Pipes................2 Gully Traps.............................10 4..........................................................3 Jointing of UPVC Pipes........................3 Lead Free Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipe & Fittings..............................................0 WASTE PIPES FROM APPLIANCES............................................................2........................ VENT AND RAIN WATER PIPING...............................15 6........................15 6.............................................1 Shut-Off Valve............4 Fixing to Supports.... WASTE...............................................12 6..................................................................................6 6................................................................................................................................................................................1..................................1...................10 4................2 Hume (RCC) Pipe..............................................................................................1 Soil..............................13 6............................................................................1 Rigid Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipes and Fittings:...1................................11 6........................................15 Drain Points..............3 Nahani or Floor Traps.....15 Valves.................................1...............................................................................1.................1 High Density Polyethylene (Hdpe) Pipe..............................................................................................9....................................................3 3............9............7 6..........3 6............................................................................2 Waste Pipes from Appliances...........................14 DI-Electric Unions..............................................................10 6..............9 4.....................................................................................................................................15 6..........9 Making Connections................2 Check (Non Return) Valves..........................

....................................................7 Identification Colour Code.............................4 14.............................20 Disinfecting the Piping System...........................................................................................................................................5 14.........................3 Pipes..............18 Final Installation..........6 14..............................18 12........................................................................................................................4 12.............................................................................................0 PIPE SUPPORTS AND HANGERS....................................................................................................................0 MISCELLANEOUS WORK........................16 10...................19 Painting..............................2 12...................2 14..................1 Protection of Insulation...............................................0 RECOMMENDED MAKE OF EQUIPMENT AND APPROVED MANUFACTURES FROM INDIA & NEPAL OR EQUIVALENT MAKE.....................................................................0 PIPE INSULATION................................20 Connections to Mechanical Equipment Supplied........................................................................1 12.....................................................................................................................5 12....................0 MEASUREMENT....................................................................7....16 Excavation...................0 BATHROOM FIXTURES AND FITTINGS....................................................................................................................................................................................................16 Backfilling.........................................16 7.....1 14......................................................................................................17 11....................................1 7...16 9.............18 Protection against Damage and Theft...................................................................................................................................................0 TESTING.....................................................22 iv .....................19 13......20 Preparation of Surfaces..........1 Pipes...........................18 Supporting and Fixing Devices...............................................16 8..20 Painting Finishes.........3 14....21 Safety Code...........0 EXTERNAL WATER SUPPLY.......3 12..............................................................................................................................18 Installation of Fixtures..................18 Mock Up and Trail Assembly.....................................19 14.........................................................................................................................................................21 15......................17 11.2 7.....................0 INTERNAL WATER SUPPLY...18 12.............................16 8..............................6 Bathroom Fixtures........................19 14..............................................................................................................................................................

(All materials shall confirm and bear stamps of the required Standard. IS: 1703 Specification for Ball Valve (horizontal plunger type) including float for water supply purpose.1 Scope of Work The Contractor shall furnish all materials. Globe & Check Valves and for Water. IS: 1239 / NS: 199 Specifications for Galvanised Mild Steel Tubes. DIN: 16928 Connections and Components Layout for Poly Propylene Random Copolymer Pipe. IS: 779 Specifications for Flow Meter for Water only. IS: 2056 Code of Practice for Water Supply in Building. IS: 544 Specification for threads of GI Pipe Fittings (parallel female and taper male threads). IS: 5382 Specifications for Rubber Rings of Rigid Poly Vinyl Chloride (uPVC) Pipe. Drainage and Sanitation. labor and related items necessary to complete the work indicated on the drawings and specified herein.PLUMBING AND SANITARY WORKS 1. BS: 4514 / DIN: 1953 Specifications for Rigid Poly Vinyl Chloride (uPVC) Pipe Fittings. DIN: 6962 Pipe Joints and Components for Poly Propylene Random Copolymer (PP-R) Pressure Pipes. shall govern in respect of design. IS: 1726 Specification for Cast Iron Manhole Covers & Frames. IS: 1879 Specification for GI Pipe Fittings. NS: 68 / IS: 4985 Specifications for Rigid Poly Vinyl Chloride (uPVC) Pipe. Installation and Maintenance of Sanitary Appliances. which may be published by them before construction work starts.2 General Unless specifically mentioned otherwise. NS: 40 Specifications for High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Pipe. quality and properties or materials and method of testing. IS: 2064 Code of Practice for Selection. DIN: 8077 Dimensions of Poly Propylene Random Copolymer (PP-R) Pipes. IS: 781 Specifications for Cast Copper Alloy Screw Down Bib Taps and Stop Valves for Water Services. IS: 1742 Code of Practice for Building Drainage. all the applicable codes and standards published by the International / National / Indian Standards and its subsequent revision and all other standards. IS: 5329 Code of Practice for Sanitary Pipe Work Above Ground for Building. Steam and Oil only. IS: 1172 Basic Requirements of Water Supply.0 GENERAL 1. IS: 2556 Specification for Vitreous Sanitary Appliances (Vitreous China).) Some of these available standards are listed below: IS: 778 Specifications for Gun Metal Gate. IS: 781E Specification for Sand Cast Brass Screw Down Bib Taps and Stop Taps for Water Services. specification or equivalent. ASTM: D 1784 Specification for PVC Materials for PVC Schedule 40 Pipe and Pipe Fittings ASTM: D 1785 Specification for Dimensions for PVC Schedule 40 Plain End Pipe ASTM: D 2466 Specification for Dimensions for PVC Schedule 40 Pipe Fittings ASTM: D 2564 Specification for Solvent Cement for PVC Schedule 40 Pipe and Pipe Fittings ASTM: D 2846 Specification for Dimensions for C-PVC Schedule 40 Pipe and Pipe Fittings ASTM: 493 Specification for Solvent Cement for C-PVC Schedule 40 Pipe and Pipe Fittings 1 . 1. Tubular and Other Galvanised Wrought Steel Fittings. DIN: 8078 General Quality Requirements and Testing of Poly Propylene Random Copolymer (PP-R) Pipes. workmanship.

apparatus. before installing fitting or equipment and will be responsible for coordination with all other work trades including finishes. The contractor shall apply to the Architect or Site In-charge for any explanation. Products required which are not shown or mentioned. 1. Neither the plans nor the specifications shall be used alone. consistent with the contract. In cases where materials are not available in Imperial Measurements (as referred to) the nearest size metric units or vice versa shall be provided. or the name of a particular manufacturer. 1. apparatus or equipment called for on the plans or in the specifications by trade names. at no extra cost to the contract. the contractor shall install them in accordance with best trade practices. or not specified herein as to manufacturer. All manufacturer's data. otherwise at the contractor's own risk. which the Architect or Site Incharge may require. 1. which accompany them. or equipment which should be allowed for in the Tender. 1. specifications and relative information together with samples will be submitted to the Architect or Site In-charge for approval prior to being purchased. Any item or subject omitted from one. or qualification submitted at the time of Tender submission. regulations.4 Materials Trade Names Variations Tenders shall be based upon complete installations. Materials shall be new and free from all defects. Details of shop drawings submitted for approval shall show clearly the relations of the various parts to the main members and lines of the structure. All materials. ducts. which he may require in regard to the meaning and intent of any clause in the specification and contract. by-laws and requirements of all authorities having jurisdiction.The Contractor will submit all samples to the Architect or Site In-charge for approval.5 Regulations The work shall be carried out in accordance with all rules. where not shown. 2 . Misinterpretation of any requirements of either the drawings or specifications shall not relieve the contractor of his responsibility for properly completing his work. He shall be held responsible for any errors or losses consequent upon failure to obtain such explanation The contractor shall consult with the Architect or Site In-charge to obtain detail drawings or instructions for exact location of equipment as work progresses. The contractor shall make any changes in such drawings or diagrams.7 Shop Drawings The contractor shall submit to the Architect or Site In-charge all shop and setting out drawings or diagrams necessary in order to make clear the work intended or to show its relation to adjacent work of other trades.6 Drawings and Specifications These specifications shall be considered as an integral part of the drawings. such measurements shall be made by the contractor and noted on the drawings before being submitted for approval. quality. or shown diagrammatically. etc. and where correct fabrication of the work depends upon field measurements. Drawings show general location and routes to be followed by pipes. etc. 1. shall be furnished of the highest quality. or by catalogue reference are the materials. together with Manufacturer's literature and installation instructions and obtain his full approval before placing any material orders or commencing the works. with prior approval of the Architect or Site In-charge. All changes and alterations required by an authorized inspector of any authority having jurisdiction should be carried out at no cost to the Owner.3 Basic Materials and Method All materials provided for the contract will be in strict accordance with the latest version of the applicable Indian Standards. but which is mentioned or reasonably implied in the other shall be considered as properly and sufficiently specified and therefore must be supplied by the contractor.

All supports and hangers shall receive a prime coat of paint. and during construction plainly mark location of exterior services and valves to prevent damage to these until the project is completed. A.1. 1. After no further alteration can be expected and the contract is nearing completion. 1.9 Cutting and Patching Openings not indicated on the Architectural or Structural drawings. The sizes of the pipe sleeves (pipe inserts) shall be as per the drawings supplied and / or as given below. the records shall be submitted for final approval. The annular space between the sleeve and the pipe shall be caulked with un-tarred oakum and sealed with approved caulking compound. 1. Piping shall be erected in such manners that strain and weight do not come directly upon connections. Where possible. The pipe inserts shall have a flange welded in the center around its circumference. including stenciling shall be carried out by a paint tradesman under this division in accordance with the workmanship and material specification. Painting where required for pipe. equipment identification. complete with dimensions from column lines. Sleeves Through Exterior Walls below Grade: i.11 Expansion and Contraction Unless shown otherwise.10 Painting All equipment supplied under this specification shall be delivered to the site with a factory applied prime coat of paint unless noted otherwise. All factory prime-coated or finish coated equipment shall be touched up or repainted if equipment is marred during shipment or installation. The contractor will provide maintain and restore these openings and shall pay for their provision and restoration. which are required for bringing equipment into the building or for other temporary or permanent service. anchors and limit stops. duct services. except expansion bolts and small screws may be drilled into the structure without obtaining prior approval. Persons. etc. the contractor shall be responsible for measures to control the thermal movement of piping and apparatus. The "As Built" records shall be made available to the Architect or Site In-charge upon request and made available at each site meeting. joints or apparatus. Sleeves in exterior foundation walls below grade shall project 25 mm beyond the outside surface of the wall and be flush with the inside surface. 3 . masonry and similar work. in order to provide water tight and secure fixing into the structure. shall do all cutting and patching work in a neat and workman like manner. The contractor shall ensure that he does not undertake any cutting that may impair the strength of the building. Alterations to duct work. The contractor shall include on "As Built" records the dimensions location of all buried piping and valves. supplemented by the necessary guides. 1. piping services. No holes. ii. Ample notice shall be given of size and location of such openings. "As Built" records shall be retained in the site office and kept up to date daily in regard to changes in actual installation from the plans and specifications. shall be approved by the Architect or Site In-charge.8 As Built Record The contractor shall request a complete set of mechanical drawings (white) from the Architect or Site In-charge and use these for "As Built" records. the effect shall be obtained by providing changes in direction and loops in pipe runs. The sealing shall be 25 mm deep from each side. Every precaution shall be taken to protect the drawings from damage and loss. shall be noted and the revised arrangement drawn in accurately. skilled in the trades.12 Pipe Sleeves An adequate number of sleeves (pipe inserts) of mild steel shall be provided where pipes pass through concrete.

Sleeves Through Interior Wall. All tests shall be performed before the application of pipe covering or before being concealed. the packing shall be finished at both ends of the sleeve with 6 mm deep caulking compound. OD of Insulation) OD 20 mm to OD 32 mm OD 33 mm to OD 50 mm Sleeve Size (Nominal Bore of the Pipe for Sleeve) NB 2" (50 mm) NB 2½" (65 mm) OD 51 mm to OD 75 mm OD 76 mm to OD 110 mm OD 111 mm to OD 125 mm OD 126 mm to 160 mm OD 161 mm to OD 200 mm 1. All openings in pipes and fixtures shall be properly capped and plugged during construction. These clauses shall apply to all piping systems including water supply and drainage systems. dirt or other foreign materials. Pipe insulation shall be carried full thickness through pipe sleeves. Waste. all Soil. The smoke test shall be carried out as stated below: Smoke shall be pumped into the Drainpipes at the lowest level from a smoke machine. ii. Vent and Fittings shall be tested by Smoke Test and left in working order after completion. except where such apparatus is factory tested prior to installation in the systems. The pipe and sleeve surfaces shall be cleaned to enable good bonding. Chrome plated and polished work shall be left bright and clean. Floor and Ceilings: i. Fixtures and equipment shall be properly protected from damage during the construction period and shall be cleaned in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The materials usually burnt are greasy cotton waste. v. iii.B. During testing if any joints is found leaking the same shall be rectified by the contractor at no extra cost and to the satisfaction of the Site–in-Charge. The contractor shall notify the Engineer / Site In-Charge at least 24 hours in advance of all tests. Sleeves Size: Out Side (OD) Diameter of Pipe (If Insulated. 4 . In other areas the finishing may be on the room side only. which shall also be governed by the applicable requirements of the IS specifications. mechanical rooms) shall terminate 50 mm above the finished floor.. ii. For Drainage System. v.g. Sleeves through floors in finished areas shall terminate 25 mm above the finished floor.13 NB 4" (100 mm) NB 5" (125 mm) NB 6" (150 mm) NB 8" (200 mm) NB 10" (250 mm) Clean Up The contractor shall clean all exposed metal surfaces from grease. 1. if leaking at any point of the drain. Rain Water. Tests of piping system or protection thereof shall include all apparatus forming part of the complete systems. The contractor shall adhere strictly to the manufacturer's recommendation. Sleeves through floors in service area (e. which form clear pungent smoke that is easily detected by sight as well as by smell. which consists of a blower and a burner. iii. Allow 24 hours for setting of the compound. Sleeves through interior masonry walls and partitions shall be set flush with finished wall surfaces.14 Pressure Testing General: i. iv. In Machine Room. iv. The annular space between sleeves and pipes shall be packed with Silicon Rubber. except where otherwise noted.

xi. or 10 kgf per cm². replaced. Piping systems may be tested in whole or in part. 2. etc. x. xv. During testing. Test fluid shall be water. Each system to be tested shall be suitably isolated from existing or new systems using temporary blanks between flanges (thickness of blanks shall be approved by the Architect or Site-in-Charge). the soil. Where necessary for testing purposes. Temporary blanks or caps shall be removed when testing has been satisfactorily completed and drains. safety or relief valves etc. a pair of flanges shall be installed in the piping system for the installation of blanks. The contractor shall grub up and clear the surface over the trenches and other excavations of all trees. except where otherwise noted. All drains valves. Test pressure shall be maintained without appreciable drop in pressure for a minimum period of 24 hours. kerbing. 5 . shall be carefully inspected for leaks and tightened as necessary. whichever is greater. pavement. At least four hours shall elapse after erection before any welded or brazed line is subjected to test pressure. Where Sewer lines have to be constructed along narrow passages. road metal. The surface of all trenches and holes shall be restored and maintained the satisfaction of the Architect or Site In-charge and of the owners of the roads or other property traversed and the contractor shall not cut or break down any live fence or trees in the line of the proposed works but shall seek tunnel under them unless the Architect or Site In-charge shall order to the contrary. or caps. Tests shall not be performed against a closed valve. roots and all other in cumbrances affecting execution of the work & shall remove them from the site to the approval of the Architect or Site In-charge. the test pump or compressor shall be disconnected and the connection capped. It is not permissible to plug or seal safety or relief valves.1 Alignment and Grade The drainage.2 Excavation in Tunnels The excavation shall be open cutting unless the permission of the Architect or Site In-charge for the ground to be tunneled is obtained in writing. xvi. etc. When test pressure is attained. shall be tested by Hydraulic Test and the test pressure shall be two times the maximum working pressure of the systems.0 EXCAVATION WORKS 2.3 Opening Out Trenches In excavating the trenches. vii. depths of cuttings or gradients of sewers shown on the drawings shall be permitted except by the express direction in writing of the Architect or Site In-charge. 2. Air shall be removed from the highest points to the satisfaction of the Architect or Site In-charge before flushing vent openings. For Water Supply Line. water supply and sewer lines are to be laid to alignment and gradients shown on the drawings but subject to such modifications as shall be ordered by the Architect or Site In-charge from time to time to meet the requirements of the works.vi. which continue to leak after tightening shall be completely dismantled. the Architect or Site In-charge may order the excavation to be made partly in tunnel and in such cases the excavated soil shall be brought back later on for refilling the trenches or tunnels. connections etc. unless otherwise indicated. At least four hours shall elapse after test pressure is applied before the system is inspected for leaks. stumps. ix. xii. xiv. No deviations from the lines. viii. re-assemble and retested. precautions shall be taken to prevent injury to persons or property as a result of sudden rupture of a piping system. Opening. and turf is to be placed on one side and preserved for reinstatement when the trench or other excavation shall be filled up. All water shall be drained from system following testing to prevent damage. and the openings capped or plugged. vents. caulking or hemp shall not be used for leaking joints. checked. cleaned (replace if necessary). All joints. safety or relief valves and other pressure sensitive devices shall be removed prior to testing. Joints or connections. The test pressure gauge shall be left in the system. xiii. 2. glands.

2. gravel or other materials. footpaths. and they shall be close timbered in loose or sandy strata and below the surface of the sub-soil water level. provide places for disposal of all surplus materials not required to be used on the works. at his own costs and charges. repair and make good any damage done to buildings and other property. so that no damage shall be caused to the sewer and other permanent work. at once be put into carts and removed to a suitable place to be provided by the contractor. If in the opinion of the Architect or Site Incharge he fails to make good such works with all practicable dispatch he shall be at liberty to get the work done by other means and the expenses thereof shall be paid by the contractor or deducted from any money that may be or become due to him or recovered from him in any other manner according to the law of the land. sewer or cesspool. the surface properly restored and roadways and sides left clear. 2.2. whether public or private caused by his trenches or by his other excavations and he shall be liable for any accidents caused thereby. 2. 6 . using approved methods. broken stone.10 Timbering of Sewer and Trenches The contractor shall at all times support efficiently and effectively the sides of the sewer trenches and other excavations by suitable timbering. any settlements that may occur in the surfaces of roads. As each trench is refilled the surplus soil shall be immediately removed. etc. Utmost care shall be taken in doing this. The filling in the trenches and up to 300 mm above the crown of the sewer shall consist of the finest selected materials placed carefully in 150 mm layers and consolidated. gardens. and the foot-walks must be kept clear at all times.5 Removal of Sewage All night soil. open spaces. the extra depth shall have to be filled up with concrete at the contractor's own costs and charges to the requirements and satisfaction of the Architect or Site Incharge. without a specific order to that effect in writing of the Architect or Site In-charge. and if sufficient space shall then be left for public & private transit.8 Contractor to Restore Settlements and Damages The contractor shall. The contractor shall be paid extra at rates laid down for such works in the schedule if the extra work was ordered by the Architect or Site In-charge in writing.9 Disposal of Surplus Soil The contractor shall. he shall remove the materials excavated and bring them back again when trench is required to be refilled. After this has been laid. at his own expenses and charges. shall not be deposited upon the surface or where it is likely to be a nuisance or passed into any sewer or drain but shall. the trench and other excavation shall be backfilled carefully in 150 mm layers with materials taken from the excavation. at his own costs and charges. piling and sheeting. immediately after it is taken out of any trench. He shall also. 2. sewage or any other offensive matter met with during the excavation of the works.4 Obstruction of Roads The contractor shall not occupy or obstruct by his operation more than one half of the width of any road or street. The contractor shall obtain the consent of the Architect or Site In-charge in writing before closing any road to vehicular traffic. each layer being watered to assist in the consolidation. but if the contractor should excavate the trench to a greater depth than is required. 2. In bad ground the Architect or Site In-charge may order the contractor to excavate to a greater depth than that shown on the drawings and to fill up the excavation to the level of the sewer with concrete. make good promptly during the whole period the works are in hand. 2.7 Backfilling After the sewer or other work has been laid and proved to be watertight the trench or other excavations shall be backfilled.6 Excavation to be Taken to Proper Depths The trenches shall be excavated to such a depth to allow that the sewers shall rest on concrete as described and so that the inverts may be at the levels given on the sections.

the full width of the trench shall be filled with concrete by the contractor at his own expense and charges to the requirements of the Architect or Site In-charge. manholes. 2. and other works in certain lengths to be specifically laid down by him. The contractor shall be held responsible and accountable for the insufficiency of all timbering. 7 . 2.All timbering.11 Shoring of Buildings The contractor shall shore up all buildings. sheeting and piling with their walling and supports shall be of adequate dimensions and strength and fully braced and strutted so that no risk of collapse or subsidence of the walls of the walls of the trench shall take place. Trenches etc. The Architect or Site In-charge shall have power by giving an order in writing to the contractor to increase the maximum width in respect of which payment will be allowed for excavation in trenches for various classes of sewer. No additional payment is admissible for widths greater than specified. Recommended width of trenches at the bottom of the trench are as follows: Out Side Diameter of Pipe Up to OD 110 mm Pipe From OD 111 to OD 160 mm Pipe From OD 161 to OD 250 mm Pipe Above OD 250 mm Pipe Bottom with of the Trench 450 mm 550 mm 600 mm 750 mm Minimum width of the bed concrete shall also be as above. walls and other structures the stability of which is liable to be endangered by the execution of the work and shall be fully responsible for all damages to persons to property resulting from any accident to any of such buildings. If any excavation is carried out at any point or points to a greater width than specified cross-section of the sewer with its envelope. he considers that such increased width are necessary in view of the site conditions. maintaining or removing of the same.12 Removal of Water from Sewer. on account of bad ground or other unusual conditions. The contractor shall at all time during the progress of the work keep the trenches and excavations free from water which shall be disposed of by him in a manner as will neither cause injury to the public or private property nor to the work completed or in progress nor to the surface of any roads or streets. nor cause any interference with the use of the same by the public. all damage to persons and property resulting from improper quality. where. bracing. sheeting and piling used for. strength placing.

b.1 High Density Polyethylene (Hdpe) Pipe a. The joints shall be cured for at least 4 days. Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) Pipes: Hume RCC (Hume) Pipes called for on the drawings shall be Centrifugally Spun Reinforced Cement Concrete Pipes. Laying and Jointing of RCC (Hume) Pipes: RCC (Hume) Pipes shall be laid and jointed as per the code of practice of cement concert pipes of Indian Standard (IS): 783. and as detailed in the Drawings or as directed by Site-in-Charge to suit the site conditions as necessary. Adequate number of collars as required shall also be supplied and installed along with the pipes.0 SANITARY AND SEWER PIPES 3.2. Night Soil and Waste Water drainage system complete b.3. The position of such pipes shall generally be shown on the drawings or details.3 kg to be constructed as per standard drawings. throughout. The space shall then be filled with cement mortar in ratio of 1:1 (1 cement. roads or paths with heavy traffic or in exposed positions above ground shall be in but welded joints. beds. 1 washed coarse sand) and chalked by means of proper tools. the collars shall be centred over the joints and filled in with the tarred spun yarn. b. Laying and Jointing of HDPE Pipes: HDPE Pipes shall be in thermal fusion but welded joints. Pipes up to OD 110 mm size should be of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Pipe having working pressure of 4. After setting out the pipe to correct grade / alignment. but only by but welded joints. The jointing of pipes and fittings shall not be made with different kinds of pipes and proprietary systems.0 kgf per sq cm in accordance with Nepal Standard NS: 40 and carried out as described herein.2 Sewer Drainage and Site Drainage The work covered under this section comprises of the supply and installation of the following: a. The joints shall be t4ested to a head of 2. 3.1 Gully Traps Gully traps shall be as per the drawing supplied. Pipes over 250 mm diameter. Cracked or wrapped Pipes with uneven texture shall not be used.5 kgf per sq cm (minimum) in accordance with Nepal Standard NS: 40 and carried out as described herein. c. 3. All joints shall be finished at an angle of 45º to the longitudinal axis of the pipe around the collars. surrounds and backfilling will be carried out as described herein this specification. Gully traps shall be fixed in cement concrete 1:5:10 and a brick masonry chamber 300 mm x 300 mm inside in cement mortar 1:5 with 150 mm x 150 mm grating inside and 300 mm x 300 mm CI sealed cover and frame weighing not less than 7.2.2 High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Pipe: All High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Pipe in accordance with NS: 40 for Sewer Drainage lines passing under buildings. till the sufficient space is left around the collar to receive the cement mortar. Pipes shall be true perfectly round. Trenches. The majority of Sub Soil Drainage and Surface Water Drainage are routed in to near by drainage system running along the boundary wall and / or in to the water stream near the area. 3.5 metre of water column. Pipes over OD 110 mm and up to OD 250 mm should be of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Pipe having working pressure of 2. Strom Water drainage system complete Pipes for these works shall be as follows: a. b. Hume (RCC) Pipe a. free from cracks. 8 . floors. cylinder. Pipe shall be of Class (Non Pressure Type) NP-1 or NP-3 as specified and should confirm the Indian Standard (IS): 485. should be of Reinforced Cement Concrete Pipes (RCC) Pipes (Hume Pipe) as per schedule NP-2 or NP-3 in accordance with Indian Standard IS: 458 and carried out as described herein. straight with a uniform bore of specified internal diameter.

A new channel shall be cut in the benching of the existing manhole for the new connections. covers and frames shall comply with the following ratings: Manhole Cover Out Side Size of Frame Inside Size of Frame Weight in Kg Light 27" x 27" 78. and where shown on Site Services layout. a further bed of coarse aggregate (average 40 mm in size) will be placed of a depth of 150 mm. 9 . All manholes designated to be constructed shall be as specified in the Schedule of Quantities. or pre cast concrete. Manholes shall be plastered outside as above cut with rough plaster. Materials shall be of not less than 225 mm Brickwork.The Contractor will allow for all work outside the site boundary. will reinstate to the entire satisfaction of the Architect or Site In Charge and necessary Authority. sand (1:2). All manholes shall be supported on a base of cement concrete of such thickness and mix as given in the Schedule of Quantities or shown on the drawings. 3. Benching shall be finished with a floating coat of neat cement. All brickwork shall be plastered in cement. cast-in-place concrete.5 kg 24 " x 24" or Ø 500 mm Heavy 27" x 27" 24 " x 24" or Ø 600 mm 216 kg All manholes shall be plastered with 12 mm thick cement mortar 1:3 (1 cement & 3 coarse sand) and finished inside with a floating coat of neat cement.4 Making Connections Contractor shall connect the new sewer line to the existing manhole by cutting the walls. Where not specified. 3. The depth of the channel shall be the full diameter of the pipe. if broken up. All manholes shall be provided with cast iron covers and frames and embedded in reinforced cement concrete slab weight of cover and frame thickness of slab shall be as specified in the Bill of Quantities or given above. for the whole period of work while making the final connection. The benching shall have a slope of 100 mm towards the channel. contractor shall remove all sewage and water if encountered in making the connection without additional cost. "Loose Compaction" only shall be carried out in 300 mm layers up to the required level. manholes shall be constructed as follows: Maximum Depth in mm Internal Dimensions of Manhole Chamber Up to 450 mm 450 mm x 600 mm Over 450 mm and Up to 600 mm 600 mm x 600 mm Over 600 mm and Up to 1'200 mm Dia 900 mm or 900 mm x 900 mm Over 1'200 mm and Up to 3'000 mm Dia 1'200 mm or 900 x 1'200 mm All manholes shall be provided with cement concrete benching in 1:2:4 mix. Gratings. including public protection. Concrete shall be M: 20 strength. When sufficient approved material has been placed around and over the pipe. benching and restoring them to the original condition. The existing pavement.3 Manholes and Grease Trap Collection Chambers Manholes and Chambers shall be constructed as shown in Detail Drawings. The manhole chamber. lids and castings in general shall be in Cast Iron in accordance with IS 5961 and built in or fixed as detailed. prior to back filling the trench with excavated materials.

1 4. while screw cover to make the fitting air and water tight. or equivalent make shall be used as per the recommendations of the manufactures. Fittings shall be of the required degree with or without access door. The surplus cement on the pipe surfaces shall be wiped out.3 Jointing of UPVC Pipes Methods of Jointing: i) Solvent Cement Joints The technique is used with spigot and socket type joint. 4. The ends of pipes should be protected from abrasion and particularly those specially prepared for jointing either by spigot or socket solvent cement joints. pushed home fully into the socket. 10 .1. The pipe should be pushed into the rifting socket and held for one to two minutes as otherwise the pipes comes out of the fitting due to slippery quality of cement and the tapering inside bore of the fitting. If due to unsatisfactory storage of handling a pipe becomes 'kinked' the damaged portion should be cut out completely. in which the socket is made specially to form a close fit on the pipe end and with injection molded fittings. waste. WASTE. On no account pipes shall be stored in a stressed or bent condition or near the source of the heat. oil. All fittings shall conform to Standard DIN: 19531 or BS: 4514. Pipes shall be as per Nepal standard conforming to NS: 68 (or IS: 4985).4. In storage. All pipes shall be straight and smooth and inside free from irregular bore and other manufacturing defects. Socket and spigot pipes should be stacked in layers with socket end placed at alternate ends of the stacks to avoid top sided stacks. It is recommended not to store pipe inside another pipe. Pipes should not be stacked more than 1.2 Storage and Handling uPVC Pipes: The pipes should be given adequate support at all time. Waste and Vent Pipes Rigid Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipes and Fittings: All soil.1. All access doors shall be made up with rubber gasket. Solvent Cement of Supreme Industries Ltd.1 Soil.5 metres high and pipes of different sizes and classes should be stacked separately. VENT AND RAIN WATER PIPING 4. The coating of solvent cement shall be applied evenly on the inside of the fittings for full length of insertion and then on the outside of the pipe end up to the marked line and the pipe twisted to a quarter of a turn to spread the cement evenly at the same time ensuring the pipe. In most of the cases the pipe inserted should be up to the marked line and in no case shall be less than 2/5 of the diameter of the pipe and up to marked line. 'Kinking' is likely to occur in very thin walled pipes. water grease etc. waste and rainwater (SWR) pipes unless specified otherwise. The recommended joints of uPVC pipes shall be solvent cement joints or with rubber ring socket joints. The dust. vent and rain water pipes shall be Un-Platicised Rigid Polyvinyl Chloride (uPVC) soil. should be wiped out with dry cloth from the surface to be coated with solvent cement. pipes racks should provide continuous support and sharp corners of metal racks should be avoided. 4.0 SOIL. The rubber rings shall confirm to Indian Standard IS: 5382. Pipes should be stored in a reasonably flat surface free from stones and sharp projections so that the pipe is supported throughout its length.1.

lay vertically or horizontally shall have the supporting clamps.When the joint is made. should be discarded. 4. All pipes laid shall have its open ends securely closed with appropriate plugs during progress of work. the uPVC Pipe End at the roof level where rain water enters the uPVC Pipe should have Cast Iron (CI) Pipe Fitting (CI Tee if possible other wise CI Bend). prefabricated semi circular (half the diameter of the said pipe) made out of Plain GI Sheet of proper thickness shall be provided below the horizontal running pips along with above-mentioned adjustable clamps. as per the specification or as directed by the site in charge. etc. when it is cooler and for cold place in winter joints shall be made preferably during the day (sunny) when it is warm. Fittings. After laying or fixing the pipes in position they shall be arranged in such a way that centre line of pipes coincide with the centre line of the alignment. Branch pipes shall be connected to the stack at the same angle as that of the fittings.5 Testing All uPVC Soil. As per the site condition. which consists of a blower and a burner. Cement.. The CI Fittings can be connected to the uPVC pipe or uPVC Pipe Fitting by inserting the end of CI pipefitting inside the bell mouth end of uPVC pipe or uPVC pipe fitting. The pipes. Rain Water (SWR) pipes and uPVC pipe fittings shall be tested by smoke test and left in working order after completion. 11 . which has gelled or hardened. When not in use. 4. pipe shall be supported on M. For warm place in summer month joints shall be made preferably early in the morning or in the evening. if required or directed by the site in charge. The ring may be housed in groove formed in the socket housing. Waste.4 ii) Rubber Ring Joints or 'O' Ring Shrink Joints (Shaft Piping) uPVC pipe and uPVC pipe fittings may be jointed with approved rubber ring to provide the watertight seal. In certain cases fumes given off from solvent cement may be a source of danger if not carried in a ventilated area.1. The pipes shall be fixed perfectly vertical or in a line as directed or as shown in the drawings. It is advisable to use uPVC Lubricant for proper sliding of the pipe end to the rubber socket piece. The rubber is compressed and makes a seal between the pipe and the housing.1. the remaining cement on the pipe surfaces shall be wiped off immediately without fail as the continued action of solvent cement will weaken the wall on the pipe and cause failure under pressure. In case of pipes laid horizontally. Brackets / Hangers of approved design clamped with uPVC Clips. uPVC bat clamps holders shall be used to fix all vertical uPVC pipes in truly vertical position. cleanout and floor drains shall also be laid in their position as stated above uPVC Pipes shall be fixed vertically in shaft by means of uPVC clips anchored to walls using uPVC washers. Galvanised Screws and Plastic dowels. Fixing to Supports The pipes and specials (fittings) before being laid of fixed shall be examined to see that there are no cracks or defects. Pipes and fittings shall be fixed by using proper approved holder bat clams and special hangers. The uPVC should be heated by hot air blower not naked flame. Vent. Brackets. Horizontal pipes shall be laid to uniform slope as mentioned in the drawings and the clamps adjusted to the proper levels so that the pipes fully rest on them. Each stack shall be terminated at top for vent. iii) With Cast Iron (CI) Fitting For Rain Water Pipe Line. Horizontal pipes running below the ceiling shall be fixed on structural with adjustable clamps.S. Since solvent cements are inflammable they should not be used near the naked flames. Both pipe ends to be connected should be heated and the bell mouth of the uPVC pipe or uPVC pipe fitting should be slide over the portion of the CI pipe fitting and should be pressed by hand uniformly all around till both the pipes cool down. hangers. containers of solvent cement should be kept closed tightly to avoid loss of solvent or entry of dirt. The smoke test shall be carried out as stated below: Smoke shall be pumped into the SWR pipes at the lowest level from a smoke machine. The pipes and fittings shall be thoroughly cleaned of all dust and dirt.

deep seal with an effective seal of 50 mm.0 WATER SUPPLY 6. Waste pipes may be discharged over the trap. Nickel Bronze or Stainless Steel Floor Plates with Frames shall be installed on finished floors for access to clean-outs. A clean out shall be installed at the up-slope of each pipe at which a building drain or branch changes direction by more than 45°. 5. Contractor shall provide all necessary sleeves. 5.15 m where the piping is of dia 100 mm and smaller. holes and chases in structural members as building work proceeds. Anti-Siphon Pipes. urinals. drinking fountain. Contractor shall provide all necessary shuttering and centering for the blocks.1 Waste Pipes from Appliances Waste pipe from appliances e. "Galvanised or Black Wrought Iron Pipes or Pipe Fittings should not be used for Soil Pipes. During testing if any joint is found leaking the same shall be rectified by the Contractor at no extra cost & to the satisfaction of the Engineer-in-charge. wash-basins. As per drawing.6 m where waste pipes are horizontally connected to sinks. bath tub.0 WASTE PIPES FROM APPLIANCES 5. Wherever holes are cut or left originally they shall be made good with cement concrete 1:2:4 mix (1 cement: 2 coarse sand: 4 stone aggregate) and the surface restored as in original condition. . the base of every vertical waste. Where required pipes may be run at ceiling level in suitable gradient as mentioned in the drawing or directed by the site in charge and supported on structural clamps. A clean out shall be installed at.2 Nahani or Floor Traps Nahani or floor traps shall be uPVC or Cast Iron. shower. or as close as possible to.2 Clean Outs Clean-outs shall be full pipe size up to 110 mm and a minimum of 110 mm on larger pipe.g. 4.3 Cutting and Making Good Pipes shall be fixed and tested as building work proceeds. The trap and waste pipes shall be set in cement concrete blocks firmly supported on the structural floor. The Pipes may be: 12 . shall be of uPVC as given in the Schedule of Quantities or drawings. Pipes inside a toilet room shall be chased unless otherwise shown on the drawings." All pipes shall be fixed in gradient towards the out fall drain. Size of the block shall be 300 mm x 300 mm and of the required depth.1 Pipe Line All Water Supply Pipe Line shall be as mentioned in the drawings and Bill of quantities. Clean-outs in horizontal drainage piping shall be at intervals not greater than: .30 m where the piping is of large than dia 100 mm. . Rain Water Pipes. sinks. etc. No additional payment shall be made for cutting and making good of holes. 6. Vent Pipes or Drain Pipes from any appliances. The blocks shall be in 1:2:4 mix (1 cement: 2 coarse sand: 4 stone aggregate) and extended 35 mm below finished floor level. 4. Waste Pipes. water closets.The materials usually brunt are greasy cotton waste which form clear pungent smoke which is easily detectable by sight as well as by smell if leaking at any point of the drain. soil and drain stack. Clean-outs on horizontal lines in finished areas shall be as per IS specifications.

6. Unions. care shall be taken to remove burr from the end of the pipe with appropriate tools. Pipe Fittings shall be of Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) of Class 11 in Copper Tube Size (CTS) dimensions conforming to ASTM: D 2846 of approved brand. 6. when class is not specified they shall be Class-B (Medium) of approved brand. Transition Bushings. After cutting the pipe. Only with TEFLON tape. GI Pipe and GI pipe Fittings shall have threaded joints as per the manufactures specifications with TEFLON Tape.4 Poly Propylene Random Copolymer (PP-R) Pipe & Fittings Poly Propylene Random Copolymer (PP-R) Tubes / Pipes and Pipe Fittings conforming to DIN: 8077 / 8078 of Class as specified (if not specified should be of PN 20 Series) of approved brand. Tees.1. care shall be taken to remove burr from the end of the pipe with appropriate tools. etc.1. 6. Bends. dimensions conforming to ASTM: D 2466 of approved brand.3 Lead Free Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipe & Fittings Lead Free Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Tubes / Pipes of Schedule: 40. Manufacturer's Trademark and ISI Mark should be stamped on the GI Pipe Fittings.2 Laying All Pipes and fittings shall be of class specified in BOQ manufactured under respective Standards. Elbows. Transition Bushings. etc. Tees. CPVC Pipe and CPVC Pipe Fittings shall have cold weld joints by CPVC Solvent cement confirming to ASTM: 493. Transition Coupling. Transition Coupling. Manufacturer's Trademark should be stamped on the CPVC Pipe Fittings. PVC Pipe and PVC Pipe Fittings shall have cold weld joints by PVC Solvent cement confirming to ASTM: D 2564. threaded Fixtures shall be fitted with PVC Threaded Adopters. threaded Fixtures shall be fitted with PP-R Threaded Adopters. etc. Manufacturer's Trademark should be stamped on the CPVC Pipe Fittings. Elbows. 13 . Transition Coupling. Pipe Fittings shall be of Lead Free Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) of Schedule: 40. PP-R Pipes and PP-R Pipe Fittings shall have hot fusion welding process at 260º C as per the manufacturers specifications. After cutting the threads in the pipe. Tees. threaded Fixtures shall be fitted with CPVC Threaded Adopters. Pipe Fittings shall be Hot Deep Galvanised Malleable Cast Iron confirming to IS: 1879 of approved brand. Elbows. The Pipe Fittings are Couplings. care shall be taken to remove burr from the end of the pipe with appropriate tools. and connections at the required locations and all valves and stems plumb. After cutting the pipe. The Pipe Fittings are Sockets / Couplings. Bends. Transition Bushings. instructions and guideline. 6.1.6. The water main shall be laid and maintained to the required lines and grades with fittings. Bends. Elbows. The Pipe Fittings are Couplings. Only with TEFLON tape. The Pipe Fittings are Couplings. dimensions conforming to ASTM: D 1785 and Materials conforming to ASTM: D 1784 of approved brand. Only with TEFLON tape.1. Bends. Manufacturer's Trademark should be stamped on the PP-R Pipes and Pipe Fittings. All main supply pipes and other pipes to be laid under the ground shall be laid over a minimum of 600 mm sand bedding or selected granular material compacted as described herein this specification. Tees. etc.2 Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) Pipe & Fittings Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) Tubes / Pipes of Class 13.1 Galvanised Mild Steel (GI) Pipe & Fittings Hot Deep Galvanised (GI) Electric Resisted Welded (ERW) Mild Steel Tubes / Pipes conforming to IS: 1239 of class specified. Reducers.5 in Copper Tube Size (CTS) dimensions conforming to ASTM: D 2846 of approved brand. valves.

etc. Joints between dissimilar materials. 6. The pressure pipe shall be tested to a minimum of 10 kg / sq. etc. Defective pipes. Under no circumstances shall water main materials be dropped or dumped into the trench. Horizontal pipes running below the ceiling shall be fixed on structural with adjustable clamps.5 metres centre to centre and the pipes laid horizontally. Pipes and pipe fittings shall be fixed by using proper approved holder bat clams and special hangers. 6. e. tools and facilities shall be provided and used by the Contractor for the safe and convenient performance for the work. 6. and the pipes shall be tested for the specified pressure for 24 hours. filings and chips. Horizontal pipes shall be laid to uniform slope as mentioned in the drawings and the clamps adjusted to the proper levels so that the pipes fully rest on them. The pipes laid vertically shall have supporting. meters.g. the end shall be carefully plugged so that no obstruction to bore is effected. cm. or flexible joints etc. plastic. Where the pipes have to be cut. For joining. the clamps at every 1. The pipes and fittings shall be inspected at the site before use. MS bat clamps holders shall be used to fix all vertical pipes in truly vertical position. metal. Pipes are cut to size and ends are squared. All pipes. No Iron hooks shall anchor pipes in wall chases.4 Clamps All pipes laid shall have its open ends securely closed with appropriate plugs during progress of work. The setting and arrangement of pipes shall be as per the working drawings. Valves. Test pressure shall be 10 kg / sq. cm. As per the site condition. the open ends of the pipe shall be temporarily plugged to prevent access of water. Care shall be taken to ensure that all piping and fittings are clean internally and free from particles of sand. copper shall be by means of copper-alloy unions or union ferrules. flanges. It will be the responsibility of the Contractor to furnish and install all proper size pipe bends for both horizontal and vertical deflections that are required to construct the water main to the line and grade as shown and specified. pre-fabricated semi circular (half the diameter of the said pipe) made out of Plain GI Sheet of proper thickness shall be provided below the horizontal running pips along with abovementioned adjustable clamps. if required or directed by the site in charge. the clamps at 1. 14 . The pipes shall be fixed perfectly vertical or in a line as directed or as shown in the drawings.3 Jointing The jointing shall be made in accordance with the instructions of the pipe and fitting manufactures.5 Testing Water Service Lines The water service lines shall be hydrostatically tested. pressure. Jointing of pipes shall be made according to the different kind of pipes by thread screwing. After lying. soil. pipe fittings and pipe joints shall be replaced or repaired immediately and retested. soil or any other foreign materials. the out side of pipe (thread for GI pipe line) and the inside of the socket shall be cleaned. cold welding.Proper implements. tapping sleeves and other accessories shall be installed as per the manufacturer's recommendations and in conjunctions and compliance with the requirements of the Local Government or Public Service Authority specifications.2 metres centre to centre as shown in the Drawing or as directed by the site in charge. valve covers. Care should be taken that all pipes and fittings are properly joined so as to make the joints completely watertight. The pipe shall be cleaned and cleared of all foreign matters before being laid. valves and fittings shall be carefully lowered into the trench piece by piece by hand ropes or other suitable tools or equipment in such a manner as to prevent damage to water main materials and protective coatings and linings.

9. Valves shall be tested at manufacturer's works to 21 kg / sq.9 6. All pipes below ground shall be covered with a tape of bitumen felt 15-kg/sq.6 DI-Electric Unions Dielectric unions shall be installed at every connection between iron / steel and coppers / brass / bronze.8 Flanges (GI Pipe Line) Flanged connections shall be provided on pipes over NB 1½" GI Pipe line. metre and shall have manufacturer's name stamped on it. Unions shall be provided near each valve.10 Isolating Valves Isolating valves shall be provided on all branch lines to enable isolation of groups of fixtures and sections of building and as shown on drawings. 6. All pipes in chases shall be painted with two coats of anti-corrosive paint of approved quality and then two coats of bitumen paint. 6. 6.11 Drain Points Drain valves shall be installed in all liquid carrying systems at the low points to facilitate complete drainage of the system. m over a layer of cold applied bitumen and then a final layer of bitumen shall also be applied. Hose bibs in finished areas shall be chromium plated. Connections shall be made by the correct number and size of nuts and bolts and made with 3-mm thick insertion rubber washer.7 Unions Adequate number of unions shall be provided on all pipelines to enable to dismantle later. Valves shall be tested at manufacturer's works to 21 kg / sq.13 Painting (GI Pipe Line) All GI Pipe Line above ground shall be painted with two coats of anti-corrosive paints of approved quality and then two coats of synthetic enamel paint of approved quality and color. 6.1 Valves Shut-Off Valve Gate Valves shall be heavy gunmetal full way type conforming to IS: 778 (Class: II). 6.9.6. 15 .at an interval of 6 m (20 ft. metre and shall have manufacturer's name stamped on it. 6. screwed pipe end. 20 mm pipe hose tread.12 Hose Bibs Hose bibs in the building shall be cast brasses with a leather disc. The Architect or Site In-charge shall approve all valves before installation work.2 Check (Non Return) Valves Check Valves / Non Return Valves shall be heavy gunmetal Swing Type conforming to IS: 778 (Class: II). stopcock. 6. and check valve and in case of GI Pipe . up to 65 mm and small shall be gunmetal 6.) on straight runs.

0 PIPE SUPPORTS AND HANGERS The pipes and pipefitting before being laid to fixed shall be examined to see that there are no cracks or defects.00 m 2. The types of Pipe and Pipe Fittings shall be as per drawings and / or as mentioned in the Bill of Quantities. etc should be provided as per the specification. 8. Brackets / Hangers of approved design.00 m NB 1" 2. clamps.50 m for water Supply NB ¾" 2. pipe shall be supported on M. Under non-paved areas selected excavated materials free from large stones refuse. Valves. The pipes and fittings shall be thoroughly cleaned of all dust and dirt. Necessary Pipe Sleeves in the wall.2 Excavation Generally. shall also be laid in their position as stated above. 9. Excavation for trenches shall be done as specified elsewhere. In case of pipes laid horizontally under ceiling. but the depth of the trenches shall be as follow Size of Pipe For dia 15 mm to 50 mm For 65 mm to 100 mm 7. floor.0 INTERNAL WATER SUPPLY 8. external water mains pipe shall be laid a minimum of 600 mm below ground level. The installation of pipe line shall be properly carried out and should be completely watertight. CPVC or PVC Pipes shall be fixed by push fit before any solvent cement is applied and when cleared by the site in charge then only permanent joints to be made.7. The installation of pipe line shall be properly carried out and should be completely watertight. The types of Pipe and Pipe Fittings shall be as per drawings and / or as mentioned in the Bill of Quantities. Necessary Pipe Sleeves in the wall.50 m 3. etc. Expansion of hot water pipes shall be compensated for by flexible piping layouts and / or by utilizing bends in pipe line.0 EXTERNAL WATER SUPPLY 7.50 m 16 3. All fixtures and fittings shall be properly installed and checked against leaks at designated pressure. All the horizontal and vertical run pipes should be supported to walls with the help of PVC Pipe Clamps that should be anchored by Galvanised Screws and Plastic dowels. After laying or fixing the pipes in position they shall be arranged in such a way that centre line of pipes coincide with the centre line of the alignment.S. etc as well as pipe supports. floor.00 m . etc should be provided as per the specification and instruction of the site in charge. All fixtures and fittings shall be properly installed and checked against leaks at designated pressure. SPACING FOR SUPPORTS & HANGERS OF FIXING FOR INTERNAL PIPING Size of Pipe Interval for Pipe Supports Interval for Pipe Supports Kind of Pipe Line for Horizontal Run Pipe Line for Vertical Run Pipe Line GI Pipe Line NB ½" 2.1 Pipes All pipes inside the building from Over Head Tank to the Toilets and Kitchen and where specified. shall be considered as Internal Water Supply Pipe Line.3 Width of Trench 300 mm 450 mm Depth of Trench 750 mm 1'000 mm Backfilling Backfilling of trenches shall not commence until the pipes therein have been tested and approved by the site in charge. Fittings.1 Pipes All pipes lay outside of the building and generally underground shall be considered as External Water Supply. 7. brackets.. or organic material as approved by the Architect or Site In-charge shall do the backfill.

all pipe work and fittings shall be brushed clean.50 m NB 1½" 3.50 m 4.50 m NB 2" 3.50 m 2.50 m NB 3" 3. etc on wall.75 m 1. making good.00 m OD 75 mm 2. making good. bib cocks.25 m 20 mm / ¾" 1.50 m 3.00 m OD 50 mm 1. stop cocks.. Lead Free PVC and PP-R Pipe Line above ground or under ground shall be measured per running meter and the rate shall be inclusive of all fittings including unions. Before applying insulation.75 m 50 mm / 2" 2. CPVC.0 PIPE INSULATION All Hot Water Supply and Hot Water Return Pipe Lines shall be insulated (if required) with extruded Synthetic Rubber Polymer Compound. except the excavation for trenches refilling and disposal of surplus earth and testing of pipes and fittings. 11. ball cocks. dirt and oil removed. After testing the pipe lengths shall be dried out. The pipe insulation shall be fixed using proper adhesive and self adhesive tapes as per the manufacturers specifications. shall be insulated.75 m 40 mm / 1½" 1.00 m MEASUREMENT GI.CPVC / PVC / PP-R Pipe Line for Water Supply uPVC Pipe Line for Soil.50 m 25 mm / 1" 1. foot valves. etc.00 m 15 mm / ½ " 1.00 m 2. Other Fixtures such as Gunmetal valves.50 m NB 2½" 3.0 NB 1¼" 3.00 m 3. All insulation on ducts and piping shall be continuous and full thickness and as specified where passing through walls. pre-formed tubular sectioned pipe insulation.50 m 1. Only such pipe lengths. ceiling. 17 . non return valves. Specialist skilled workmen trained in the trade shall apply all insulation strictly as per manufacturer recommendations.00 m 3.50 m 5. Waste & Rain Water 10. floors.50 m 1. Each length of piping to be insulated shall be tested for its performance requirements. all dust.00 m 3. partitions and pipe sleeves.00 m 2.50 m OD 110 mm 2. Clamps. Brackets. floor and making good the same and testing of pipes and fittings. Hangers.00 m OD 160 mm 2. GI pipes below ground shall be measured per running meter and the rate shall be inclusive of all fittings including unions. which are free from defect. cutting chases.50 m 32 mm / 1¼" 1. Pipe Sleeves.75 m 1. shall be measured by number.25 m 1.50 m 4.

that will be required for final installation in position of all bathroom fixtures and fittings. holes. Contractor shall make his own arrangement at his cost to check. Fixtures in all toilets shall be standard height. The above assembly shall be subject to final approval by the Engineer-in charge / Architect or Site In-charge / Owner. install in position including transportation to site of work. Skilled workman shall install fixtures with appropriate tools according to the best trade practice.11. Manufacturer's instructions shall be followed for the installation of fixtures. take delivery. it shall be adequately protected as desired by the Architect or Site In-charge. 12. Fixtures shall be mounted rigid. The devices shall be rust resistant and shall be so fixed that they do not present an unsightly look in the final assembly. Relevant instructions from manufacturers shall be followed as applicable. The protection shall consist of a 20 mm thick cement plaster (1 cement: 6 coarse washed sand) applied continuously over the GI wire mesh on the pipe.1 Protection of Insulation Where insulation is liable to be damaged. The contractor shall assemble on trial basis at least one set of each type of bathroom fixture and fittings in order to determine precisely the required supply and disposal connection. holding devices etc.5 Final Installation The contractor at his own cost shall install all bathroom fixtures and fittings in their final position in accordance with approved trail assemblies and as shown on drawings. plumb and true to alignment.3 Mock Up and Trail Assembly The installation of the bathroom fixtures and fittings shall be as per the shop drawings approved by the Engineer-in charge. These shall be installed complete with appropriate washers and gaskets. All fixtures and accessories shall be fixed in accordance with a set pattern matching the tiles or interior finish as per Engineer-in-charger's requirements. The fixtures in the trial assembly can be reused for final installation without any additional payments for fixing or dismantling of the fixtures.4 Supporting and Fixing Devices The contractor at his own cost shall where required. The plaster shall be finished smooth to receive painting and other finishes. 12.0 BATHROOM FIXTURES AND FITTINGS 12. and shall fully meet with the esthetic and symmetrical requirements as demanded by the Engineer In-charge / Architect or Site In-charge / Owner.1 Bathroom Fixtures All bathroom fixtures. No allowances shall be made for theft. whether specifically mentioned or not in the Schedule of Quantities. jointing Materials and Screws etc. provide all fixtures and fittings securely in position. breakage and defective materials after taking delivery of the materials. as per manufacture manuals. 12. The installation shall be 18 . The Bathroom fixtures and fittings shall be installed at the correct assigned position as shown on the drawings and as directed by the Engineer in-charge/Architect or Site In-charge/Owners. Wherever necessary. Specifications and Drawings. The fixing devices shall be rigidly anchored into the building structure. store. mounting as called for on the drawings.2 Installation of Fixtures The fixtures and fittings shall be provided with all such accessories as are required to complete the item in satisfactory working conditions. 12. This trial assembly shall be developed to facilitate determining the location of punctures. Ceramic and CP fittings shall be supplied free of cost by the Owners at site Store. the fittings shall be centered to dimensions and pattern as called for. 12.

misuse. disinfect and polish all fixtures and fittings. Sinks and other appliances. At the time of handing over. All couplings. unions and flanges to facilitate removal / replacement of bathroom fixtures without disturbing the built in piping system.complete with all supply and waste connections. Wash Basins. Any fixtures and fittings found damaged. The identification colors and letter symbols for various services shall be as follows: 19 .0 TESTING All fixtures and fittings shall be tested for their proper performance by the Contractor thoroughly to satisfy himself that they are in order. Fixtures shall be mounted rigid. The outlets of water closet bowls and similar appliances shall be examined to ensure that outlet ends are butting on the receiving pipes before making the joints. Overflows shall be arranged as to give visible warning and discharge.1 Identification Colour Code All piping systems shall be suitably painted or otherwise color identified according to Appendix-E of Identification of pipes as per IS: 2065 (code of practice for water supply in buildings). staining. breakage and pilferage by providing proper wrapping and locking arrangement till the completion and handing over of the installation. chipped. 12. the contractor shall clean. The connection between built-in piping system and the bathroom fixtures shall be through proper couplings. unions and flanges shall match in appearance with other exposed fittings. stained or scratched shall be removed and new fixtures and fittings free from defects shall be installed at his own cost to complete the work. 14.6 Protection against Damage and Theft The contractor shall take every precaution to protect all bathroom fixtures and fittings issued to them against damage. When fixtures are being mounted attention shall be paid to the possibility of movement and settlement by other causes.0 MISCELLANEOUS WORK 14. A check shall be made to ensure that necessary anchoring devices have been provided for supporting Water Closets. It shall be ensured that the receiving pipes are clear of obstruction. 13. crazing. plumb and true to alignment. cracked. before applying for virtual completion.

the painting is not consistent in application or appearance. All cast iron mains pipes shall be painted with one coat Zinc Chromate primer followed by three coats of synthetic enamel paint. Paint materials used in the work shall be of approved make of ready mixed variety supplied to site in manufactures original containers. Pipe surface of the HDPE. The cleaned surfaces shall be given one coat of approved phosphate before priming coat is applied. manhole covers. All galvanized metal to be painted shall be thoroughly cleaned with naphthalene and treated with a solution of 20 litres of 36% acetic acid. Thinning where necessary shall only be done as per manufactures instructions. The tapes varying in 15 mm to 50 mm wide strips depending on the size of pipe on which the tapes are fastened shall be applied at regular intervals on continuous runs and at all bends junctions and tees.Service 1 Soil. Fire Hydrant Pipe Line Identification Colour Letter Symbol Black or Brown S Green Red Orange Golden Yellow Blue CWS HWS HWR GAS FH The letter symbols shall either be legibly painted or affixed in an appropriate manner to be read conveniently. All surfaces to be painted shall be cleaned free of all dirt and dust before painting is started.3 Preparation of Surfaces All steel and iron surfaces to be painted shall be washed with mineral spirits to remove all dirt and grease. Painting shall only be started after the receiving surfaces are in a condition fit to receive painting as certified by the Engineer-in-charge. All galvanized surfaces shall be prime coated with galvanized metal primer after washing with galvanized metal cleaner.35 kg. gratings and frames shall be painted with three coats of bituminous base paint.5 Disinfecting the Piping System Before commissioning the water supply system the contractor shall arrange to disinfect the entire system as described in the succeeding paragraph. 14. All non-galvanized steel surface shall be painted with one coat of Zinc Chromate primer followed by three coast of synthetic enamel paint.2 Painting The Contractor shall supply all materials. CPVC. Painting as described herein shall be applied to all surfaces requiring painting. Where in the opinion of the Engineer-in-charge. the surfaces shall be wire brushed to remove such rust. Gas Supply Pipe Line 6.35 kg. Lead Free PVC. 14. 14. the contractor at his own cost shall redo the painting to his satisfaction. 20 . labor tools and other equipment necessary for carrying out painting work. Where rust or scale is present. 14. uPVC. Locations where painting cannot be done. Of powered alum dissolved in 225 litres of water. of blue vitriol and 1. Hot Water Supply 4. PP-R Pipes and Pipe Fittings shall not be painted with Synthetic Paints unless other wise instructed. Hot Water Return 5. Waste and Vent Piping and all drains (except for PVC and HDPE pipe) 2.4 Painting Finishes The Painting Finishes shall consist of the operations briefly mentioned below: All cast iron soil. Properly qualified. The surface shall then be painted with three coats of synthetic enamel paint. skilled and experienced painters shall be employed to painting work. 1. Water Supply Lines 3. waste vent pipes. fastening self-adhesive PVC tapes of appropriate color in an approved manner shall identify the piping system. All painted finished surfaces shall be smooth throughout and retain a consistent uniform shade all through.

The powder shall be mixed with water in the storage tank.  Those engaged in welding works shall be provided with welder's protective eye-shields and gloves.  Hoisting machines and tackle used in the works. the proportions will be 150 gms of powder to 1'000 litres of water. cement mortar or concrete and lime mortar shall be provided with protective foot wear and rubber hand gloves.  An injured person shall be taken on a public hospital without loss of time. Sufficient chemical shall be used to give the water a dose of 50 parts of chlorine to one million parts of water.  The Contractor to the painter shall supply overalls and adequate facilities shall be provided to enable the working painters to wash during the periods of cessation of work.6 Connections to Mechanical Equipment Supplied All inlets. 14. 21 .  No portable single ladder shall be over 8 meters in length. The work of connections shall be executed in accordance with the requirement of equipment suppliers. valves piping and other incidental work connected with installation of all Mechanical equipment supplied by other agencies shall be carried out by the Contractor in accordance with the Drawings. The storage tank shall then be filled up with water from supply pipe and added with more disinfecting chemical in the recommended proportions.  The excavated materials shall not be placed within 1. in cases where the injury necessitates hospitalization. Each tap shall be closed when the water discharge begins to smell of chlorine.5 meters of the edge of the trench or half of the depth of trenches whichever is more. All trenches and excavations shall be provided with necessary fencing and lighting. If a proprietary brand of chemical is used the proportions shall be as specified by the makers. including their attachments. 14. When the storage tank is full.The water pipes shall first be filled with water and thoroughly flushed out. HydroPneumatic System and Boiler for Hot Water.  No floor.  No paint containing lead or lead products shall be used.  Every opening in the floor of a building or in working platform be provided with suitable means to prevent the fall of persons or materials by providing suitable fencing or railing whose minimum height shall be one meter. The storage tanks shall then be filled with water again and disinfecting chemical containing chlorine added gradually while tanks are being filled to ensure through mixing. under the directions of the Consultant. Pumps. The equipments to be supplied by the other agencies consist mainly of Water Treatment Plant. When a ladder is used an extra labor shall be engaged for holding the ladder.  Workers employed on mixing and handling materials such asphalt. roof or other part of the structure shall be over loaded with debris or materials as to render it unsafe.7 Safety Code  First aid appliance shall be maintained in a readily accessible place including adequate supply of sterilized dressings and cotton wool. anchorage and supports shall be in perfect condition. outlets. Finally the tank and pipes shall be thoroughly flushed out before any water is used for domestic purposes.  Suitable facemasks should be provided to the workers when the paint is applied in the form of spray or surface having lead paint dry rubbed and scraped. The connections to the various equipments shall be connected through proper unions / flanges and isolating valves. The various aspects of connection work shall be executed in a manner similar to the work of respective trades mentioned elsewhere in the specification. Kitchen Equipments and Laundry Equipments.  Suitable and strong scaffolds should be provided for all works that cannot safely be done from ground. The storage tank and pipe shall then remain charged at least for three hours. If ordinary bleaching powder is used. requirements for proper performance of equipment manufactures instruction and the directions of the Engineer-in-charge. The width between the side rails shall not be less than 30 cm (clear) and the distance between two adjacent runs shall not be more than 30 cms. the supply shall be stopped and all the taps on the distributing pipes opened successively working progressively away from storage tank.

Nepal 7. India  Grohe. CPVC / PVC Ball Valves  ASTRAL.N Material Brand name / Manufacturer A. The ropes use in hoisting or lowering material or as means of suspension shall be of durable quality and adequate strength and free from defects. India B. Manhole Covers. Synthetic Polymeric Rubber Compound insulation  AEROFLEX. C. Nepal  'R' Brand. Pipes and Fittings:  HIPCO. C.  a) Neelkantha. HDPE Pipes  Panchakanya. Waste Vent and Rain Water Pipe Fittings  Prince. Nepal 1.  Leader. Valves: Gunmetal Gate Valves. Gratings. India 2. Vitreous China Sanitary ware  Parryware. Nepal 9. Thailand D. Waste. C. Gratings etc: 1. India X – X –X 22 . CI Gratings  Swastika. Foot Valves. Insulation: 1.I. G. Lead Free PVC Pipe and Lead Free PVC Pipe Fittings  ASTRAL. India 4.P. India 2.P. India 1.I Pipes  Mainawati.P. India 3. SANITARY PLUMBING INSTALLATION NOTE: All Brand Names/Manufactures are Nepal or Indian unless specified otherwise. India 5. Wastes. India 8. India 6. CPVC Pipe and CPVC Pipe Fittings  ASTRAL. Non-return Valves. Thailand 1. PP-R Pipe and PP-R Pipe Fittings  SFMC. 15. brass faucets. Spreaders. Germany 2. Floor Cleanouts etc. Fittings  'SUN' Brand.0 RECOMMENDED MAKE OF EQUIPMENT AND APPROVED MANUFACTURES FROM INDIA & NEPAL OR EQUIVALENT MAKE. India E. S. G.I. C. Manhole Covers. Urinal Flush Pipe  Jaquar. India C. uPVC Soil. Sanitary Fixtures and Faucets:  American Standard. Traps etc  Jaquar. Angle Valves (Ball Valve Type  Jaquar. Waste Vent and Rain Water Pipes  Panchakanya. India 4. Float Ball Cock  Lakshmi. India 3. uPVC Soil.