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Product

Course Code

Product

OEA01

LTE

/

1.01

Developer/Modifier

Time

Approver

New/Update

Yangmuguang

20090311

Mijia

New

Liang Jie

20100411

Mijia

Update

Version

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Course Version ISSUE

Page0

LTE System
Overview

www.huawei.com

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Describe LTE development and features
Outline LTE network architecture
Explain LTE key technologies
Describe LTE protocol and channel
Describe LTE deployment

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Contents
1. LTE System Overview
2. LTE Key Technologies
3. LTE Protocol and Channels
4. LTE Deployment

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

Page4 .. Ltd. LTE Protocol and Channels 4. LTE Key Technologies 3. LTE System Overview 2.Contents 1. LTE Deployment Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

Page5 . Ltd. All rights reserved. LTE System Overview 1..2 LTE Network Architecture 1.1 LTE Development 1.Contents 1.3 LTE Operating Bands and Channel Bandwidths Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page6 .76Mbps HSPA in R5/R6 ~70 ms DL: ~384Kbps UL: ~384Kbps ~45 ms DL: ~144-360Kbps UL: ~144-360Kbps 3G-WCDMA in R99/R4 ~20ms GPRS/EDGE Year 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 or later •LTE is the next step in the evolution of 3GPP Radio Interfaces to deliver “Global Mobile Broadband”.. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.3G Long Term Evolution--LTE DL: ~141Mbps UL: ~50Mbps ~150 ms LTE in R8 DL: ~42Mbps UL: ~11Mbps ~100 ms HSPA+ in R7/R8 DL: ~14.4Mbps UL: ~5.

growing mobile data consumption New spectrum allocation Maintaining operator profitability while continued cost reduction and competitiveness. Page7 . All rights reserved. Ltd. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Drivers for LTE There are at least three major key drivers for LTE mobile broadband networks: Demand for higher data-rates increasing device capabilities..

Ltd.1 LTE Development 1.Contents 1. LTE System Overview 1.3 LTE Operating Bands and Channel Bandwidths Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.2 LTE Network Architecture 1. All rights reserved. Page8 ..

.LTE Network Architecture E-UTRAN (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page9 .

cont. Internet Page10 . All rights reserved. Ltd..LTE/SAE Network Architecture . SAE SGSN EPS (Evolved Packet System) Gb GPRS BTS BSC/PCU Control plane User plane Iu S3 S6d HSS PCRF S6a S10 S9 UMTS NodeB MME RNC S12 Operator Service Network S4 Gx S11 S1-MME S5/8 S1-U E-UTRAN eNodeB Serving GW A10/A11 SGi PDN GW Corporate Internet S2a cdma2000 BTS BSC PDSN Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Contents 1.1 LTE Development 1.. LTE System Overview 1. Ltd.2 LTE Network Architecture 1. Page11 . All rights reserved.3 LTE Operating Bands and Channel Bandwidths Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page12 .. 3GPP defines many bands for LTE. Ltd.LTE Operating Bands LTE supports both FDD mode and TDD mode. All rights reserved.

LTE Channel Bandwidths LTE must support the international wireless market and regional spectrum regulations and spectrum availability. Ltd.4 to 20 MHz. with subcarrier spacing of 15 kHz.4 3 5 10 15 20 Transmission bandwidth configuration NRB 6 15 25 50 75 100 NRB is the number of resource blocks Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. To this end the specifications include variable channel bandwidths selectable from 1. Page13 . Channel bandwidth BWChannel [MHz] 1.. All rights reserved.

LTE Protocol and Channels 4. All rights reserved. LTE System Overview 2.. LTE Deployment Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. LTE Key Technologies 3.Contents 1. Page14 . Ltd.

Ltd.LTE Key Technologies OFDMA: Orthogonal frequency division multiple access SC-FDMA: Single carrier-frequency division multiple access MIMO: Multiple input multiple output 64QAM Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page15 . All rights reserved..

.Multiple access technology in the downlink: OFDM and OFDMA OFDMA is used as multiple access technology in downlink. 5 MHz Bandwidth FFT Sub-carriers Guard Intervals … Symbols Frequency … Time OFDM signal represented in frequency and time Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page16 . All rights reserved. OFDMA is a variant of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). Ltd. a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme.

) OFMDA incorporates elements of time division multiple access (TDMA).. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page17 . Ltd. All rights reserved.Multiple access technology in the downlink: OFDM and OFDMA (cont.

Ltd.. All rights reserved. S/P Page18 .Downlink OFDM Implementation s(t) S/P M IFFT M Add Cyclic Prefix M P/S Transmitter Channel n(t) Receiver r(t) P/S M FFT Remove Cyclic Prefix M Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

.Downlink OFDM Implementation (cont.) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Page19 . All rights reserved.

. All rights reserved. Page20 .Multiple access technology in the uplink: SC-FDMA The high peak-to-average ratio (PAR) associated with OFDM led 3GPP to look for a different transmission scheme for the LTE uplink. SC-FDMA is used in uplink as multiple access technology. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Comparison of OFDMA and SC-FDMA Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page21 . Ltd. All rights reserved..

All rights reserved. Ltd. Page22 Receiver .Overview of MIMO MIMO: Multiple Input Multiple Output … … Transmitter Wireless Channel M N Channel Condition Feedback Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..

All rights reserved. Page23 . Data Stream 1 Transmitter Wireless Channel Receiver Data Stream 2 Channel Condition Feedback Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..What can MIMO provide? Here is a example for 2*2 MIMO.

Ltd. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. In uplink MU-MIMO (multi-user MIMO) can be used to double uplink capacity. With MU-MIMO the uplink peak data rate of single user can not be doubled.LTE Multiple Antenna Scheme In downlink LTE can use 2*2 or higher order MIMO to increase date rate.. Page24 . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Page25 ..AMC & 64QAM AMC. 16QAM. Adaptive Modulation and Coding the radio-link data rate is controlled by adjusting the modulation scheme and/or the channel coding rate DL/UL modulations: QPSK. and 64QAM Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

LTE Key Technologies 3. Ltd. LTE System Overview 2. Page26 . All rights reserved. LTE Deployment Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Contents 1.. LTE Protocol and Channels 4.

2 LTE Channels 3.1 LTE Protocol Stacks 3.Contents 3. All rights reserved. LTE Protocol Stacks and Channels 3.. Ltd. Page27 .3 LTE Radio Frame Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved. Page28 .Functional Split between E-UTRAN and EPC Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

Functional Split between E-UTRAN and EPC Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.. Page29 .

. All rights reserved.Radio Interface Protocol Architecture Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page30 . Ltd.

Page31 .. Ltd. All rights reserved.) User-plane protocol stack Control-plane protocol stack Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Radio Interface Protocol Architecture (cont.

Ltd. All rights reserved.. Page32 .LTE Physical Channel DL Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH) Physical Control Format Indicator Channel (PCFICH) Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH) Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) Physical Multicast Channel (PMCH) UL Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH) Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH) Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

LTE Transport Channel Physical layer transport channels offer information transfer to medium access control (MAC) and higher layers DL Broadcast Channel (BCH) Downlink Shared Channel (DL-SCH) Paging Channel (PCH) Multicast Channel (MCH) UL Uplink Shared Channel (UL-SCH) Random Access Channel (RACH) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Page33 .. Ltd.

Ltd..LTE Transport Channel Physical layer transport channels offer information transfer to medium access control (MAC) and higher layers DL Broadcast Channel (BCH) Downlink Shared Channel (DL-SCH) Paging Channel (PCH) Multicast Channel (MCH) UL Uplink Shared Channel (UL-SCH) Random Access Channel (RACH) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Page34 .

Ltd. All rights reserved.LTE Logical Channel Logical channels are offered by the MAC layer Control Channels: Control-plane information Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH) Paging Control Channel (PCCH) Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) Multicast Control Channel (MCCH Dedicated Control Channel) Common Control Channel (CCCH) Traffic Channels: User-plane information Dedicated Traffic Channel (DTCH): transmission of all uplink and nonMBMS downlink user data Multicast Traffic Channel (MTCH): transmission of MBMS services Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page35 ..

Channel Mappings Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page36 .

All rights reserved. Ltd. Page37 ..Frame Structure FDD frame structure TDD frame structure Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Resource Grid Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page38 ..

Bandwidth Configuration Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.. Page39 .

Contents 1. Page40 . Ltd. LTE Protocol and Channels 4.. All rights reserved. LTE Key Technologies 3. LTE System Overview 2. LTE Deployment Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved.. Ltd.LTE Network Composition LTE SAE Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page41 .

All rights reserved. Ltd.LTE Network Transport eNB FE/GE • 100/1000Base-T. SM or MM Fiber. Page42 . SFPbased connector IP MAC PHY RNC/BSC FE/GE o/e Legacy 2G/3G FE/GE FE/GE IP/Ethernet Network SAE GW /PDN GW eNB eN B FE/GE FE/GE Co-transmission with legacy 2G/3G BTS/Node B Co-transmission for Multi-mode base station eNB eNB FE/GE eNB FE/GE FE/GE eNB Daisy-chaining with integrated IP switching Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. RJ45 • 100Base-FX/1000Base-X.

. All rights reserved. Page43 . Ltd. Multimode Modularization Supports Different Modes Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.eNodeB 3900 Series eNB Modularization 1 RRU/RFU 2 BBU uniNodeB 3 Platform GSM/TD-SCDMA/WCDMA/CDMA/LTE Unified All-IP Base Station Architecture Modularization Using BBU plus RRU and RFU leads to a flexible configuration for Distributed and Macro.

All rights reserved. Page44 .76M) / HSPA+(28M/11.Smooth evolution to LTE GSM / UMTS / HSPA(14. Ltd..5M) LTE (100M/50M) Different band Same band Software upgrade RRU GSM/HSPA(+)/LTE RRU LTE RRU Adding LTE RRU LTE Card BBU Same band Software upgrade BBU Cabinet-based Node B Different band GSM/HSPA(+)/LTE RFU LTE RFU BBU Adding LTE RFU LTE Card Investment protection while evolving from GSM/UMTS to LTE Radio units for GSM/UMTS and LTE are inter-changeable in the same frequency band Baseband boards in multi-mode BBU are inter-changeable between GSM/UMTS and LTE Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.4M/5.

. Page45 . All rights reserved. Ltd.Flexible evolution for Cabinet NodeB UUU +++ HHH UMTS/HSPA rollout GGG GGG SSS S S S MMMMMM GSM update/rollout UMTS&LTE operator UUU L L L +++ TTT HHH E E E LTE for high speed mobile broadband GSM&UMTS operator UMTS roll out will reduce GSM U U U G GG expansion + + + SSS investment at H H H MMM hot spot UMTS/HSPA + LTE convergence LLLLLL TTTTTT EEEEEE Reuse GSM frequency resource for LTE LTE for mobile broadband UMTS/HSPA + GSM GSM for Voice HSPA/LTE for Data network Operator issue New business ALL IP service LTE G GG L L L SSS TTT MMM E E E Operator issue New business ALL IP service GSM + LTE Data network convergence Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page46 . Flexible spectrum allocation (1. and 64QAM UL modulations: QPSK. Ltd.4 ~ 20 MHz).. IP-based flat network architecture Multicarrier-based radio air interface OFDMA and SC-FDMA Multi-input multi-output (MIMO) Adaptive modulation and coding DL modulations: QPSK. 16QAM. 16QAM. and 64QAM ARQ within RLC sublayer and Hybrid ARQ within MAC sublayer Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Summary Standardization in the form of 3GPP Release 8 Support for both FDD and TDD. All rights reserved.

Ltd.LTE Standard Specifications Freely downloadable from http://www.org/ftp/Specs/archive/36_series/ Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page47 .. All rights reserved.3gpp.

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