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# ENGINEERING DRAWING SCHEME OF WORK

FORM 4 2010
WEEK
W2

LEARNING AREA
UNIT 1 :
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Evolution of drawing,
system and
standardization

## 1.2 Definition and

importance of
Engineering Drawing
a.

Comparison of
Engineering
Drawing ,
illustrations and
fine arts

## 1.3 Types of Engineering

Drawing
a.

Geometrical
Drawing
i. Plane Geometry
ii Solid Geometry

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Level 1

Drawing

systems.

Level 1

## Relate the importance of Engineering

Drawing as a basis for higher learning in
engineering.

opportunity

## Differentiate engineering drawing,

illustrations and fine-arts.
Level 1

Related Drawing.

## Explain Geometrical Drawing and Related

Drawing.

SUGGESTED LEARNING
ACTIVITIES

Resources:
1.

2.

Samples of
Engineering
illustration and fine
arts.
Drawing
equipment and
materials

Resources:
Samples of engineering
Drawing , illustration and
fine arts.

Resources:
Fraction chart of Engineering
Drawing.

b. Related Drawings
i Mechanical
Drawing
ii. Building
Drawing
iii Piping Drawing
iv Electrical
Drawing
v Electronic
Drawing
1.4 Equipment and
materials
a. Usage, maintenance
and safety of drawing
equipment and
materials

Level 1

materials

## Practice proper use of equipment and

drawing materials.

## Use appropriate and safe equipment and

drawing materials.

Resources:
Drawing equipment and
materials.
Activity:
Demonstrate the use of
equipment and drawing
materials.

## 1.5 Setting up drawing

paper
a. Placing paper on
drawing board
b. Preparing border
lines and title
block
c. Planning drawing
layout
1.6 Career

Level 1:

Level 1:

## Identify related career to Engineering

Drawing

Resources :
Career pamphlets and
brochures.
Activity:
Visits

UNIT 2: SKETCHING
W3
2.1 Principles of sketching
2.2 Sketching Techniques
a. Straight lines
b. Circles, arcs and
curves
c. Shapes
2.3 Techniques in
Determining Proportion
2.4 Types of Sketches
a. Orthographic
Projection
b. Isometric
c. Oblique
d. Perspective

W3

Level 1:

Level 1 :

## Sketch straight lines, circle, arcs, curves and

shapes correctly.

Resources:
1. Grid paper
2. Samples of sketches
Activities:
Sketching on grid paper .
Techniques:
1. Holding pencil
2. Approximate proportions.

Level 1:

Level 1:

## Identify type of sketches

Orthographic Projection
Isometric
Oblique
Perspective

## UNIT 3: LINES AND

LETTERING
3.1 Alphabet of lines
a. Object line
b. Hidden line
c. Centre line
d. Border line
e. Construction line
f. Guide line
g. Dimensional line
h. Sectioning line
i. Extension line
j. Cutting line
k. Projection line
l. Phantom line

Level 1:

3.2 Characteristics of
Alphabet of Lines
a. Shape

Level 1:

## Identify and apply the characteristics of

Resources:
Identify alphabet of lines and their
application in Engineering Drawing

1. Samples of application on
alphabet of line
2. Samples of letter of
alphabet.
Activities:
1 . Draw alphabet of lines
2. Lettering

b. Line darkness
c. Application
3.3 Types of Lines
a. Vertical lines
b. Horizontal lines
c. Inclined Lines
d. Parallel lines
e. Perpendicular line
3.4 Types of lines
3.5 Techniques of Lettering

## 3.6 Tracing and Inking

a. Instrument and
materials
i Tracing paper
ii Technical pen
b. Tracing and
inking methods

Level 1:

## Draw parallel lines (vertical, horizontal,

inclined and perpendicular lines) with
uniformed line darkness and gauge using
appropriate drawing equipments.

Resources:
Technical pen and tracing
paper
Activities:
1. Inking the drawing
guidelines
2. Tracing demonstration
using technical pen.

Level 1:

## Identify shapes of letters

Standard upright lettering
Standard inclined lettering

## Use given guide lines to write letters and

use the correct lettering techniques.

## Apply appropriate spacing between letters

and between words.
Level 1:

UNIT 4: GEOMETRY
W4

W5 W7

## 4.1 Graphic elements

a. Concepts of point
b. Concepts of line
c. Concepts of plane

Level 1:

## Explain basic concepts of point, line and

plane

4.2 Lines
a. Construction of lines
b. Division of lines

Level 1:

## Construct various types of lines

Parallel lines
Perpendicular lines

## Divide lines as stated:

Bisect a line
Divide into equal division
Divide according to given ratio

4.3 Angles
a. Types of angles
b. Construction of
angles.

Level 1:

4.4 Triangles
a. Types and
characteristics of
triangles
b. Construction of
triangles

Level 1:

triangles:
Equilateral
Isosceles
Right triangle
Scalene

## Construct triangle based on given criteria:

Resources:
1. Graphic element chart
2. Angle chart
Activities:
1. Construct lines
2. Construct angles

## Identify various types of angles

Constructing various types of angles
Dividing angles into equal parts
Transfer angles

Resources:
1. Types and characteristics
of triangle chart
Activities:
1. Construct triangles

Three sides
Two sides and one angle.
* Two sides and one included angle.
*Two sides and base angle
Base and two base angles

Level 2:

## Construct triangles based on given criteria:

Perimeter and side proportion
Right angle, hypotenuse and one side
Base , one angle and vertex angle and
height
Perimeter, height and vertex angle
Level 3:

## Construct triangles based on :

three medians
a. Types and
characteristics of
b. Construction of

Level 1:

Square
Rectangle
Parallelogram
Rhombus
Trapezium
Kite shape

given:
Sides
Diagonal

sides given:
Included angles
Diagonal

## Construct rhombus based on given criteria:

Sides
Angles

4.6 Polygons
a. Types and
characteristics
b. Construction of
Regular Polygons

Level 1:

## Identify types of:

Regular polygons
Irregular polygons

4.7 Scale
a. Types of scale
b. Ways of stating scale
c. Application of scale
ruler

## Construct regular pentagon based:

Sides
Circumscribed Circle
Construct regular hexagon based on given
criteria:
Sides
Distance across flats
Distance across corners

Level 1:

Common scale
Diagonal scale

## Mention scale by:

Ratio
Statement
Fraction

Resources:
Types and characteristics of
Activities:

Resources:
Types and characteristics
polygon chart
Activities:
Construct polygon

Resources:
Scale ruler
Activities:
ruler
2. Draw scaled diagram

W8 W9

## 4.8 Reduction and

Enlargement

Activities:
Draw enlarged or reduced
Plane diagram with given:
side ratio
area ratio

1st test

W10

W11 W13

Level 1:

enlargement

## Differentiate reduction or enlargement of

side ratio and area ratio

diagram with :
side ratio given
Level 2:

## Construct reduced or enlarged plane

diagram with given :
Area ratio given

## 4.9 Figures of Equal Area

a. Concept of Area
according to
transformation stages

Level 1:

## Identify diagrammatic transformation of

shape of equal area.

## Construct various diagram of equal area.

Polygon to triangle
Triangle to rectangle
Rectangle to square

Resources:
Transformation chart
Activities:
Draw diagram of equal area
according to stages of
transformation

Level 2:

given

## Develop sequential transformation of

polygon to square.
4.10 Circle
a. Terms and
characteristics of circle
b. Construction of circles
and arcs

W12
W13 W14

## 4.11 Ellipse and Parabola

a. Characteristics of
Ellipse and
Parabola
b. Construction of
ellipse
c. Construction

Level 1:

circles.

two chords.

criteria :
Diameter
3 points
MID TERM BREAK
(13/3 21/3 2010)

Resources:

Level 1:

parabola

method

method

## Identify the differences Ellipse and

Parabola.

Resources:
Model represent of ellipse
and parabola

## Chart of terms and

characteristics of circle
Activities:
1. Determine centre of circle
or arcs.
2. Draw a circle

Activities:
Draw ellipse and parabola
with specific method

W15 W17

4.12 Tangents
a. Concepts and
characteristics of
tangent
b. Construction of line
tangential to a circle
c. Construction of circle
tangential to a line
d. Construction of circle
tangential to a circle

Level 1:

## Explain the concepts and characteristics of

tangency.
Tangent between line and circle
Tangent between circle and another
circle
Level 2:

## Determine the tangent point :

Between circle and line
Between two lines and circle
Between a line and two circle(inside
or outside)
Between two circles inside or
outside
Between a straight line and two
circles inside or outside
Construct a line tangential to :
A point on the circumference of a
circle
A point outside a circle

W18

## Construct a circle tangential to:

A line given the radius of the circle
Two lines given the radius of the
circle
Construct a circle tangential to:
another circle and tangential to the
outside of it
another circle and tangential to the
inner side of it
Two other circles and tangential to
both on the inner side of them
Two other circles and tangential to
both on the outer side of them.

Level 3:

## Construct a circle tangential to:

another circle that comes into
contact through the given
another circle that comes into
contact outside and given point
REVISION
MID-YEAR EXAM

W19 W22

W23 W24

MID-YEAR BREAK
June 6th June 20th 2010

Resources:
1. Illustration related to
tangent
Activities:
Draw plane diagram of
tangency

W25 W26

UNIT 6:
ORTHOGRAPHIC
PROJECTION
6.1 Concepts and symbols of
First and Third Angle
Projections
the First and Third Angle
Projections
6.3 Construction of Third
Angle Orthographic
Projection

6.4 Dimensioning of
Orthographic Projections
a. Concept and use of
dimensioning
b. Components of
dimensioning
c. Types f dimensioning
d. Techniques of
dimensioning

6.5 Application of
Orthographic Projection in
engineering

W27 W28

Level 1

## Explain concepts and symbols of first

angle and third angle projections

Resources

Level 2:

## Explain principle of quadrants in the first

angle and third angle projections
Level 1

## Construct third angle orthographic

projection of geometrical solids as follows:
solid flat surface only
solid inclined surface
solid circle surface
Level 2:

## Construct third-angle orthographic

projection of geometrical solids as follows:
Solid with oblique
Solid with curve surface
Level 1

## Explain the concepts of dimensioning in

orthographic projections:
Unidirectional system
Aligned system

Activities

## Related solid models

Draw Orthographic
Projection of simple solid

size
location
circle
angle
text
Level 2:

## Apply dimensioning techniques on

Orthographic Projection Drawing
Level 2;

## Apply orthographic projection in

engineering.

UNIT 7:
View

Views
a. Auxiliary View
b. Revolved View

Level 1:

## Differentiate between Additional View and

Orthographic Projection
Level 1:

## Explain different types of additional view

Auxiliary view
Revolved view
Level 2:
-

7.3 Construction of
Auxiliary
Views

## Construct Auxiliary Views for

Geometrical Solid based on
-

## Auxiliary Views of Height

Auxiliary Views of Width
Auxiliary Views of Depth

Resources:
Orthographic projection
of solid having inclined
surface
Models of solid having
inclined surface
Activities;
Draw Auxiliary views

## Use Auxiliary View to determine

True length
True angle
True shape
7.4 Application of Auxiliary
Views in engineering

W30 W32

Level 3:
-

## Usage of Auxiliary Views in engineering

UNIT 8:
ISOMETRIC DRAWING
8.1 Concepts of Isometric
Drawing
a. Isometric Axis
b. Characteristics of
Isometric Drawing

Level 1:

## Explain the concept of isometric:

normal axis
horizontal axis
reversed axis

8.2 Construction of
Isometric Drawing on
Normal Axis
a. Box Method
b. Frame Method

## Identify Isometric Drawing characteristics:

isometric line
non-isometric line
angle in isometric
circle in isometric
curve in isomeric

Level 1:

## Construct Isometric Drawing of

geometrical solid by :
Box Method
Frame Method
Construct Isometric Circles by four-centre
method
Construct curves in isometric plane by
Coordinate Method
Construct Isometric Drawing of
geometrical solid of surfaces:
Flat
Inclined
Rounded

Level 2:

## Construct Isometric Drawing of

geometrical solid having:
Oblique surface
curved surface

Level 1:
8.3 Dimensioning of
Isometric Drawing
8.4 Application of Isometric
Drawing in engineering
field

Level 1

## Construct Isometric Drawing which include

exploded-view Isometric Drawing for
objects or component of various
engineering field

Resources:
1. Samples of drawing
2. Models from various
engineering fields
Activity:
Draw Isometric Drawing
from Orthographic
Projections

W33 W34

UNIT 9:
OBLIQUE DRAWING
9.1 Concepts of Oblique
Drawing
a. Oblique axis
b. Circles, arcs and
curves in oblique
drawing
c. Characteristics of
Oblique Drawing

Level 1

Resources:
Identify
Oblique axis
Receding axis
Horizontal axis
Vertical axis
Explain concept of circles, arcs and curves
in Oblique Drawing
Identify characteristics of Oblique Drawing
oblique lines
non-oblique lines
angles in oblique
circle in oblique
arcs in oblique

Level 1:

Drawing

Common Oblique
Cavalier Oblique
Cabinet Oblique

Level 2:

## 9.3 Selection of Orientation

of Oblique Drawing

Oblique Drawing

Drawing
a. Box Method
b. Frame Method

Level 1:

## Construct Oblique Drawing of geometrical

solids by :
Box Method
Frame Method

9.5 Dimensioning of
Oblique
Drawing

Level 1:

## 9.6 Application of Oblique

Drawing in engineering

Level 2:

## Apply Oblique Drawing for objects or

components from various engineering
sectors

W35

## MID TERM BREAK

Sept 4th 12th 2010

W36 W40

REVISION
FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
SCHOOL HOLIDAY
November 20th 2010 January 3rd 2010

1. Samples of drawing
2. Models from various
engineering fields
Activity:
Draw oblique from :
- orthographic projection
drawing
- Isometric drawing
Assessment:
To assess oblique drawings
produced