ENGINEERING DRAWING SCHEME OF WORK
FORM 4 2010
WEEK
W2
LEARNING AREA
UNIT 1 :
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Evolution of drawing,
system and
standardization
1.2 Definition and
importance of
Engineering Drawing
a.
Comparison of
Engineering
Drawing ,
illustrations and
fine arts
1.3 Types of Engineering
Drawing
a.
Geometrical
Drawing
i. Plane Geometry
ii Solid Geometry
LEARNING OUTCOMES
Level 1
Narrate the development of Engineering
Drawing
Explain the current development of
Computer Aided Drafting (CAD).
Identify the classification of the projection
systems.
Identify the importance of standardization
Level 1
Define Engineering Drawing .
Relate the importance of Engineering
Drawing as a basis for higher learning in
engineering.
Relate engineering drawing in career
opportunity
Differentiate engineering drawing,
illustrations and finearts.
Level 1
Explain the types of Engineering Drawing
Differentiate Geometrical Drawing and
Related Drawing.
Explain Geometrical Drawing and Related
Drawing.
SUGGESTED LEARNING
ACTIVITIES
Resources:
1.
2.
Samples of
Engineering
Drawing , CAD,
illustration and fine
arts.
Drawing
equipment and
materials
Resources:
Samples of engineering
Drawing , illustration and
fine arts.
Resources:
Fraction chart of Engineering
Drawing.
b. Related Drawings
i Mechanical
Drawing
ii. Building
Drawing
iii Piping Drawing
iv Electrical
Drawing
v Electronic
Drawing
1.4 Equipment and
materials
a. Usage, maintenance
and safety of drawing
equipment and
materials
Level 1
Identify drawing equipment and related
materials
Practice proper use of equipment and
drawing materials.
Use appropriate and safe equipment and
drawing materials.
Resources:
Drawing equipment and
materials.
Activity:
Demonstrate the use of
equipment and drawing
materials.
1.5 Setting up drawing
paper
a. Placing paper on
drawing board
b. Preparing border
lines and title
block
c. Planning drawing
layout
1.6 Career
Level 1:
Setup drawing paper on the drawing board
Prepare border lines and title blocks
Plan the drawing position on drawing paper
Level 1:
Identify related career to Engineering
Drawing
Resources :
Career pamphlets and
brochures.
Activity:
Visits
UNIT 2: SKETCHING
W3
2.1 Principles of sketching
2.2 Sketching Techniques
a. Straight lines
b. Circles, arcs and
curves
c. Shapes
2.3 Techniques in
Determining Proportion
2.4 Types of Sketches
a. Orthographic
Projection
b. Isometric
c. Oblique
d. Perspective
W3
Level 1:
Explain principles of sketching
Level 1 :
Sketch straight lines, circle, arcs, curves and
shapes correctly.
Resources:
1. Grid paper
2. Samples of sketches
Activities:
Sketching on grid paper .
Techniques:
1. Holding pencil
2. Approximate proportions.
Level 1:
Determine sketching proportions correctly
Level 1:
Identify type of sketches
Orthographic Projection
Isometric
Oblique
Perspective
UNIT 3: LINES AND
LETTERING
3.1 Alphabet of lines
a. Object line
b. Hidden line
c. Centre line
d. Border line
e. Construction line
f. Guide line
g. Dimensional line
h. Sectioning line
i. Extension line
j. Cutting line
k. Projection line
l. Phantom line
Level 1:
3.2 Characteristics of
Alphabet of Lines
a. Shape
Level 1:
Identify and apply the characteristics of
Resources:
Identify alphabet of lines and their
application in Engineering Drawing
1. Samples of application on
alphabet of line
2. Samples of letter of
alphabet.
Activities:
1 . Draw alphabet of lines
2. Lettering
b. Line darkness
c. Application
3.3 Types of Lines
a. Vertical lines
b. Horizontal lines
c. Inclined Lines
d. Parallel lines
e. Perpendicular line
3.4 Types of lines
3.5 Techniques of Lettering
3.6 Tracing and Inking
a. Instrument and
materials
i Tracing paper
ii Technical pen
b. Tracing and
inking methods
alphabet of lines correctly
Level 1:
Draw parallel lines (vertical, horizontal,
inclined and perpendicular lines) with
uniformed line darkness and gauge using
appropriate drawing equipments.
Resources:
Technical pen and tracing
paper
Activities:
1. Inking the drawing
guidelines
2. Tracing demonstration
using technical pen.
Level 1:
Identify shapes of letters
Standard upright lettering
Standard inclined lettering
Use given guide lines to write letters and
use the correct lettering techniques.
Apply appropriate spacing between letters
and between words.
Level 1:
Identify instrument and materials
Explain correct tracing and inking methods.
UNIT 4: GEOMETRY
W4
W5 W7
4.1 Graphic elements
a. Concepts of point
b. Concepts of line
c. Concepts of plane
Level 1:
Explain basic concepts of point, line and
plane
4.2 Lines
a. Construction of lines
b. Division of lines
Level 1:
Construct various types of lines
Parallel lines
Perpendicular lines
Divide lines as stated:
Bisect a line
Divide into equal division
Divide according to given ratio
4.3 Angles
a. Types of angles
b. Construction of
angles.
Level 1:
4.4 Triangles
a. Types and
characteristics of
triangles
b. Construction of
triangles
Level 1:
Identify types and characteristics of
triangles:
Equilateral
Isosceles
Right triangle
Scalene
Construct triangle based on given criteria:
Resources:
1. Graphic element chart
2. Angle chart
Activities:
1. Construct lines
2. Construct angles
Identify various types of angles
Constructing various types of angles
Dividing angles into equal parts
Transfer angles
Resources:
1. Types and characteristics
of triangle chart
Activities:
1. Construct triangles
Three sides
Two sides and one angle.
* Two sides and one included angle.
*Two sides and base angle
Base and two base angles
Level 2:
Construct triangles based on given criteria:
Perimeter and side proportion
Right angle, hypotenuse and one side
Base , one angle and vertex angle and
height
Perimeter, height and vertex angle
Level 3:
Construct triangles based on :
three medians
4.5 Quadrilaterals
a. Types and
characteristics of
quadrilateral
b. Construction of
quadrilaterals
Level 1:
Identify types and characteristics of
quadrilaterals:
Square
Rectangle
Parallelogram
Rhombus
Trapezium
Kite shape
Construct square and rectangle based on a
given:
Sides
Diagonal
Construct parallelogram with two adjacent
sides given:
Included angles
Diagonal
Construct rhombus based on given criteria:
Sides
Angles
4.6 Polygons
a. Types and
characteristics
b. Construction of
Regular Polygons
Level 1:
Identify types of:
Regular polygons
Irregular polygons
4.7 Scale
a. Types of scale
b. Ways of stating scale
c. Application of scale
ruler
Construct regular pentagon based:
Sides
Circumscribed Circle
Construct regular hexagon based on given
criteria:
Sides
Distance across flats
Distance across corners
Level 1:
Identify types of scale:
Common scale
Diagonal scale
Mention scale by:
Ratio
Statement
Fraction
Resources:
Types and characteristics of
quadrilaterals chart
Activities:
Construct quadrilaterals
Resources:
Types and characteristics
polygon chart
Activities:
Construct polygon
Resources:
Scale ruler
Activities:
1. Practice reading of scale
ruler
2. Draw scaled diagram
W8 W9
4.8 Reduction and
Enlargement
Activities:
Draw enlarged or reduced
Plane diagram with given:
side ratio
area ratio
1st test
W10
W11 W13
Level 1:
Explain the concept of reduction and
enlargement
Differentiate reduction or enlargement of
side ratio and area ratio
Construct reduced or enlarged plane
diagram with :
side ratio given
Level 2:
Construct reduced or enlarged plane
diagram with given :
Area ratio given
4.9 Figures of Equal Area
a. Concept of Area
according to
transformation stages
Level 1:
Explain the concept of equal area
Identify diagrammatic transformation of
shape of equal area.
Construct various diagram of equal area.
Polygon to triangle
Triangle to rectangle
Rectangle to square
Resources:
Transformation chart
Activities:
Draw diagram of equal area
according to stages of
transformation
Level 2:
Construct various diagrams of equal area
Triangle to triangle with one side given
Quadrilateral to quadrilateral with one side
given
Develop sequential transformation of
polygon to square.
4.10 Circle
a. Terms and
characteristics of circle
b. Construction of circles
and arcs
W12
W13 W14
4.11 Ellipse and Parabola
a. Characteristics of
Ellipse and
Parabola
b. Construction of
ellipse
c. Construction
Level 1:
Identify terms and characteristics of
circles.
Determine centre of circle or arcs using
two chords.
Construct circles or arcs based on given
criteria :
Radius
Diameter
3 points
MID TERM BREAK
(13/3 21/3 2010)
Resources:
Level 1:
Identify the characteristics of ellipse and
parabola
Construct Ellipse using concentric circle
method
Construct Parabola using rectangular
method
Identify the differences Ellipse and
Parabola.
Resources:
Model represent of ellipse
and parabola
Chart of terms and
characteristics of circle
Activities:
1. Determine centre of circle
or arcs.
2. Draw a circle
Activities:
Draw ellipse and parabola
with specific method
W15 W17
4.12 Tangents
a. Concepts and
characteristics of
tangent
b. Construction of line
tangential to a circle
c. Construction of circle
tangential to a line
d. Construction of circle
tangential to a circle
Level 1:
Explain the concepts and characteristics of
tangency.
Tangent between line and circle
Tangent between circle and another
circle
Level 2:
Determine the tangent point :
Between circle and line
Between two lines and circle
Between a line and two circle(inside
or outside)
Between two circles inside or
outside
Between a straight line and two
circles inside or outside
Construct a line tangential to :
A point on the circumference of a
circle
A point outside a circle
W18
Construct a circle tangential to:
A line given the radius of the circle
Two lines given the radius of the
circle
Construct a circle tangential to:
another circle and tangential to the
outside of it
another circle and tangential to the
inner side of it
Two other circles and tangential to
both on the inner side of them
Two other circles and tangential to
both on the outer side of them.
Level 3:
Construct a circle tangential to:
another circle that comes into
contact through the given
another circle that comes into
contact outside and given point
REVISION
MIDYEAR EXAM
W19 W22
W23 W24
MIDYEAR BREAK
June 6th June 20th 2010
Resources:
1. Illustration related to
tangent
Activities:
Draw plane diagram of
tangency
W25 W26
UNIT 6:
ORTHOGRAPHIC
PROJECTION
6.1 Concepts and symbols of
First and Third Angle
Projections
6.2 Principle of Quadrants in
the First and Third Angle
Projections
6.3 Construction of Third
Angle Orthographic
Projection
6.4 Dimensioning of
Orthographic Projections
a. Concept and use of
dimensioning
b. Components of
dimensioning
c. Types f dimensioning
d. Techniques of
dimensioning
6.5 Application of
Orthographic Projection in
engineering
W27 W28
Level 1
Explain concepts and symbols of first
angle and third angle projections
Resources
Level 2:
Explain principle of quadrants in the first
angle and third angle projections
Level 1
Construct third angle orthographic
projection of geometrical solids as follows:
solid flat surface only
solid inclined surface
solid circle surface
Level 2:
Construct thirdangle orthographic
projection of geometrical solids as follows:
Solid with oblique
Solid with curve surface
Level 1
Explain the concepts of dimensioning in
orthographic projections:
Unidirectional system
Aligned system
Activities
Related solid models
Draw Orthographic
Projection of simple solid
Use extended line dimensioning line, arrow head and
leaders as in standard guideline
Identify types of dimensioning:
size
location
radius
circle
angle
text
Level 2:
Apply dimensioning techniques on
Orthographic Projection Drawing
Level 2;
Apply orthographic projection in
engineering.
UNIT 7:
ADDITIONAL VIEWS
7.1 Concepts of Additional
View
7.2 Types of Additional
Views
a. Auxiliary View
b. Revolved View
Level 1:
Explain the concepts of Additional View
Differentiate between Additional View and
Orthographic Projection
Level 1:
Explain different types of additional view
Auxiliary view
Revolved view
Level 2:

7.3 Construction of
Auxiliary
Views
Construct Auxiliary Views for
Geometrical Solid based on

Auxiliary Views of Height
Auxiliary Views of Width
Auxiliary Views of Depth
Resources:
Orthographic projection
of solid having inclined
surface
Models of solid having
inclined surface
Activities;
Draw Auxiliary views
Use Auxiliary View to determine
True length
True angle
True shape
7.4 Application of Auxiliary
Views in engineering
W30 W32
Level 3:

Usage of Auxiliary Views in engineering
UNIT 8:
ISOMETRIC DRAWING
8.1 Concepts of Isometric
Drawing
a. Isometric Axis
b. Characteristics of
Isometric Drawing
Level 1:
Explain the concept of isometric:
normal axis
horizontal axis
reversed axis
8.2 Construction of
Isometric Drawing on
Normal Axis
a. Box Method
b. Frame Method
Identify Isometric Drawing characteristics:
isometric line
nonisometric line
angle in isometric
circle in isometric
curve in isomeric
Level 1:
Construct Isometric Drawing of
geometrical solid by :
Box Method
Frame Method
Construct Isometric Circles by fourcentre
method
Construct curves in isometric plane by
Coordinate Method
Construct Isometric Drawing of
geometrical solid of surfaces:
Flat
Inclined
Rounded
Level 2:
Construct Isometric Drawing of
geometrical solid having:
Oblique surface
curved surface
Level 1:
8.3 Dimensioning of
Isometric Drawing
8.4 Application of Isometric
Drawing in engineering
field
Dimension Isometric Drawing
Level 1
Construct Isometric Drawing which include
explodedview Isometric Drawing for
objects or component of various
engineering field
Resources:
1. Samples of drawing
2. Models from various
engineering fields
Activity:
Draw Isometric Drawing
from Orthographic
Projections
W33 W34
UNIT 9:
OBLIQUE DRAWING
9.1 Concepts of Oblique
Drawing
a. Oblique axis
b. Circles, arcs and
curves in oblique
drawing
c. Characteristics of
Oblique Drawing
Level 1
Resources:
Identify
Oblique axis
Receding axis
Horizontal axis
Vertical axis
Explain concept of circles, arcs and curves
in Oblique Drawing
Identify characteristics of Oblique Drawing
oblique lines
nonoblique lines
angles in oblique
circle in oblique
arcs in oblique
Level 1:
9.2 Types of Oblique
Drawing
Identify types of Oblique Drawing:
Common Oblique
Cavalier Oblique
Cabinet Oblique
Level 2:
9.3 Selection of Orientation
of Oblique Drawing
Select the best orientation to produce
Oblique Drawing
9.4 Construction of Oblique
Drawing
a. Box Method
b. Frame Method
Level 1:
Construct Oblique Drawing of geometrical
solids by :
Box Method
Frame Method
9.5 Dimensioning of
Oblique
Drawing
Level 1:
Dimensioning of Oblique Drawing
9.6 Application of Oblique
Drawing in engineering
Level 2:
Apply Oblique Drawing for objects or
components from various engineering
sectors
W35
MID TERM BREAK
Sept 4th 12th 2010
W36 W40
REVISION
FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
SCHOOL HOLIDAY
November 20th 2010 January 3rd 2010
1. Samples of drawing
2. Models from various
engineering fields
Activity:
Draw oblique from :
 orthographic projection
drawing
 Isometric drawing
Assessment:
To assess oblique drawings
produced