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ENGINEERING DRAWING SCHEME OF WORK

FORM 4 2010
WEEK
W2

LEARNING AREA
UNIT 1 :
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Evolution of drawing,
system and
standardization

1.2 Definition and


importance of
Engineering Drawing
a.

Comparison of
Engineering
Drawing ,
illustrations and
fine arts

1.3 Types of Engineering


Drawing
a.

Geometrical
Drawing
i. Plane Geometry
ii Solid Geometry

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Level 1

Narrate the development of Engineering


Drawing

Explain the current development of


Computer- Aided Drafting (CAD).

Identify the classification of the projection


systems.

Identify the importance of standardization


Level 1

Define Engineering Drawing .

Relate the importance of Engineering


Drawing as a basis for higher learning in
engineering.

Relate engineering drawing in career


opportunity

Differentiate engineering drawing,


illustrations and fine-arts.
Level 1

Explain the types of Engineering Drawing

Differentiate Geometrical Drawing and


Related Drawing.

Explain Geometrical Drawing and Related


Drawing.

SUGGESTED LEARNING
ACTIVITIES

Resources:
1.

2.

Samples of
Engineering
Drawing , CAD,
illustration and fine
arts.
Drawing
equipment and
materials

Resources:
Samples of engineering
Drawing , illustration and
fine arts.

Resources:
Fraction chart of Engineering
Drawing.

b. Related Drawings
i Mechanical
Drawing
ii. Building
Drawing
iii Piping Drawing
iv Electrical
Drawing
v Electronic
Drawing
1.4 Equipment and
materials
a. Usage, maintenance
and safety of drawing
equipment and
materials

Level 1

Identify drawing equipment and related


materials

Practice proper use of equipment and


drawing materials.

Use appropriate and safe equipment and


drawing materials.

Resources:
Drawing equipment and
materials.
Activity:
Demonstrate the use of
equipment and drawing
materials.

1.5 Setting up drawing


paper
a. Placing paper on
drawing board
b. Preparing border
lines and title
block
c. Planning drawing
layout
1.6 Career

Level 1:

Setup drawing paper on the drawing board

Prepare border lines and title blocks

Plan the drawing position on drawing paper

Level 1:

Identify related career to Engineering


Drawing

Resources :
Career pamphlets and
brochures.
Activity:
Visits

UNIT 2: SKETCHING
W3
2.1 Principles of sketching
2.2 Sketching Techniques
a. Straight lines
b. Circles, arcs and
curves
c. Shapes
2.3 Techniques in
Determining Proportion
2.4 Types of Sketches
a. Orthographic
Projection
b. Isometric
c. Oblique
d. Perspective

W3

Level 1:

Explain principles of sketching


Level 1 :

Sketch straight lines, circle, arcs, curves and


shapes correctly.

Resources:
1. Grid paper
2. Samples of sketches
Activities:
Sketching on grid paper .
Techniques:
1. Holding pencil
2. Approximate proportions.

Level 1:

Determine sketching proportions correctly


Level 1:

Identify type of sketches


Orthographic Projection
Isometric
Oblique
Perspective

UNIT 3: LINES AND


LETTERING
3.1 Alphabet of lines
a. Object line
b. Hidden line
c. Centre line
d. Border line
e. Construction line
f. Guide line
g. Dimensional line
h. Sectioning line
i. Extension line
j. Cutting line
k. Projection line
l. Phantom line

Level 1:

3.2 Characteristics of
Alphabet of Lines
a. Shape

Level 1:

Identify and apply the characteristics of

Resources:
Identify alphabet of lines and their
application in Engineering Drawing

1. Samples of application on
alphabet of line
2. Samples of letter of
alphabet.
Activities:
1 . Draw alphabet of lines
2. Lettering

b. Line darkness
c. Application
3.3 Types of Lines
a. Vertical lines
b. Horizontal lines
c. Inclined Lines
d. Parallel lines
e. Perpendicular line
3.4 Types of lines
3.5 Techniques of Lettering

3.6 Tracing and Inking


a. Instrument and
materials
i Tracing paper
ii Technical pen
b. Tracing and
inking methods

alphabet of lines correctly

Level 1:

Draw parallel lines (vertical, horizontal,


inclined and perpendicular lines) with
uniformed line darkness and gauge using
appropriate drawing equipments.

Resources:
Technical pen and tracing
paper
Activities:
1. Inking the drawing
guidelines
2. Tracing demonstration
using technical pen.

Level 1:

Identify shapes of letters


Standard upright lettering
Standard inclined lettering

Use given guide lines to write letters and


use the correct lettering techniques.

Apply appropriate spacing between letters


and between words.
Level 1:

Identify instrument and materials

Explain correct tracing and inking methods.

UNIT 4: GEOMETRY
W4

W5 W7

4.1 Graphic elements


a. Concepts of point
b. Concepts of line
c. Concepts of plane

Level 1:

Explain basic concepts of point, line and


plane

4.2 Lines
a. Construction of lines
b. Division of lines

Level 1:

Construct various types of lines


Parallel lines
Perpendicular lines

Divide lines as stated:


Bisect a line
Divide into equal division
Divide according to given ratio

4.3 Angles
a. Types of angles
b. Construction of
angles.

Level 1:

4.4 Triangles
a. Types and
characteristics of
triangles
b. Construction of
triangles

Level 1:

Identify types and characteristics of


triangles:
Equilateral
Isosceles
Right triangle
Scalene

Construct triangle based on given criteria:

Resources:
1. Graphic element chart
2. Angle chart
Activities:
1. Construct lines
2. Construct angles

Identify various types of angles


Constructing various types of angles
Dividing angles into equal parts
Transfer angles

Resources:
1. Types and characteristics
of triangle chart
Activities:
1. Construct triangles

Three sides
Two sides and one angle.
* Two sides and one included angle.
*Two sides and base angle
Base and two base angles

Level 2:

Construct triangles based on given criteria:


Perimeter and side proportion
Right angle, hypotenuse and one side
Base , one angle and vertex angle and
height
Perimeter, height and vertex angle
Level 3:

Construct triangles based on :


three medians
4.5 Quadrilaterals
a. Types and
characteristics of
quadrilateral
b. Construction of
quadrilaterals

Level 1:

Identify types and characteristics of


quadrilaterals:
Square
Rectangle
Parallelogram
Rhombus
Trapezium
Kite shape

Construct square and rectangle based on a


given:
Sides
Diagonal

Construct parallelogram with two adjacent


sides given:
Included angles
Diagonal

Construct rhombus based on given criteria:


Sides
Angles

4.6 Polygons
a. Types and
characteristics
b. Construction of
Regular Polygons

Level 1:

Identify types of:


Regular polygons
Irregular polygons

4.7 Scale
a. Types of scale
b. Ways of stating scale
c. Application of scale
ruler

Construct regular pentagon based:


Sides
Circumscribed Circle
Construct regular hexagon based on given
criteria:
Sides
Distance across flats
Distance across corners

Level 1:

Identify types of scale:


Common scale
Diagonal scale

Mention scale by:


Ratio
Statement
Fraction

Resources:
Types and characteristics of
quadrilaterals chart
Activities:
Construct quadrilaterals

Resources:
Types and characteristics
polygon chart
Activities:
Construct polygon

Resources:
Scale ruler
Activities:
1. Practice reading of scale
ruler
2. Draw scaled diagram

W8 W9

4.8 Reduction and


Enlargement

Activities:
Draw enlarged or reduced
Plane diagram with given:
side ratio
area ratio

1st test

W10

W11 W13

Level 1:

Explain the concept of reduction and


enlargement

Differentiate reduction or enlargement of


side ratio and area ratio

Construct reduced or enlarged plane


diagram with :
side ratio given
Level 2:

Construct reduced or enlarged plane


diagram with given :
Area ratio given

4.9 Figures of Equal Area


a. Concept of Area
according to
transformation stages

Level 1:

Explain the concept of equal area

Identify diagrammatic transformation of


shape of equal area.

Construct various diagram of equal area.


Polygon to triangle
Triangle to rectangle
Rectangle to square

Resources:
Transformation chart
Activities:
Draw diagram of equal area
according to stages of
transformation

Level 2:

Construct various diagrams of equal area

-Triangle to triangle with one side given


-Quadrilateral to quadrilateral with one side
given

Develop sequential transformation of


polygon to square.
4.10 Circle
a. Terms and
characteristics of circle
b. Construction of circles
and arcs

W12
W13 W14

4.11 Ellipse and Parabola


a. Characteristics of
Ellipse and
Parabola
b. Construction of
ellipse
c. Construction

Level 1:

Identify terms and characteristics of


circles.

Determine centre of circle or arcs using


two chords.

Construct circles or arcs based on given


criteria :
Radius
Diameter
3 points
MID TERM BREAK
(13/3 21/3 2010)

Resources:

Level 1:

Identify the characteristics of ellipse and


parabola

Construct Ellipse using concentric circle


method

Construct Parabola using rectangular


method

Identify the differences Ellipse and


Parabola.

Resources:
Model represent of ellipse
and parabola

Chart of terms and


characteristics of circle
Activities:
1. Determine centre of circle
or arcs.
2. Draw a circle

Activities:
Draw ellipse and parabola
with specific method

W15 W17

4.12 Tangents
a. Concepts and
characteristics of
tangent
b. Construction of line
tangential to a circle
c. Construction of circle
tangential to a line
d. Construction of circle
tangential to a circle

Level 1:

Explain the concepts and characteristics of


tangency.
Tangent between line and circle
Tangent between circle and another
circle
Level 2:

Determine the tangent point :


Between circle and line
Between two lines and circle
Between a line and two circle(inside
or outside)
Between two circles inside or
outside
Between a straight line and two
circles inside or outside
Construct a line tangential to :
A point on the circumference of a
circle
A point outside a circle

W18

Construct a circle tangential to:


A line given the radius of the circle
Two lines given the radius of the
circle
Construct a circle tangential to:
another circle and tangential to the
outside of it
another circle and tangential to the
inner side of it
Two other circles and tangential to
both on the inner side of them
Two other circles and tangential to
both on the outer side of them.

Level 3:

Construct a circle tangential to:


another circle that comes into
contact through the given
another circle that comes into
contact outside and given point
REVISION
MID-YEAR EXAM

W19 W22

W23 W24

MID-YEAR BREAK
June 6th June 20th 2010

Resources:
1. Illustration related to
tangent
Activities:
Draw plane diagram of
tangency

W25 W26

UNIT 6:
ORTHOGRAPHIC
PROJECTION
6.1 Concepts and symbols of
First and Third Angle
Projections
6.2 Principle of Quadrants in
the First and Third Angle
Projections
6.3 Construction of Third
Angle Orthographic
Projection

6.4 Dimensioning of
Orthographic Projections
a. Concept and use of
dimensioning
b. Components of
dimensioning
c. Types f dimensioning
d. Techniques of
dimensioning

6.5 Application of
Orthographic Projection in
engineering

W27 W28

Level 1

Explain concepts and symbols of first


angle and third angle projections

Resources

Level 2:

Explain principle of quadrants in the first


angle and third angle projections
Level 1

Construct third angle orthographic


projection of geometrical solids as follows:
solid flat surface only
solid inclined surface
solid circle surface
Level 2:

Construct third-angle orthographic


projection of geometrical solids as follows:
Solid with oblique
Solid with curve surface
Level 1

Explain the concepts of dimensioning in


orthographic projections:
Unidirectional system
Aligned system

Activities

Related solid models

Draw Orthographic
Projection of simple solid

Use extended line dimensioning line, arrow head and


leaders as in standard guideline

Identify types of dimensioning:


size
location
radius
circle
angle
text
Level 2:

Apply dimensioning techniques on


Orthographic Projection Drawing
Level 2;

Apply orthographic projection in


engineering.

UNIT 7:
ADDITIONAL VIEWS
7.1 Concepts of Additional
View

7.2 Types of Additional


Views
a. Auxiliary View
b. Revolved View

Level 1:

Explain the concepts of Additional View

Differentiate between Additional View and


Orthographic Projection
Level 1:

Explain different types of additional view


Auxiliary view
Revolved view
Level 2:
-

7.3 Construction of
Auxiliary
Views

Construct Auxiliary Views for


Geometrical Solid based on
-

Auxiliary Views of Height


Auxiliary Views of Width
Auxiliary Views of Depth

Resources:
Orthographic projection
of solid having inclined
surface
Models of solid having
inclined surface
Activities;
Draw Auxiliary views

Use Auxiliary View to determine


True length
True angle
True shape
7.4 Application of Auxiliary
Views in engineering

W30 W32

Level 3:
-

Usage of Auxiliary Views in engineering

UNIT 8:
ISOMETRIC DRAWING
8.1 Concepts of Isometric
Drawing
a. Isometric Axis
b. Characteristics of
Isometric Drawing

Level 1:

Explain the concept of isometric:


normal axis
horizontal axis
reversed axis

8.2 Construction of
Isometric Drawing on
Normal Axis
a. Box Method
b. Frame Method

Identify Isometric Drawing characteristics:


isometric line
non-isometric line
angle in isometric
circle in isometric
curve in isomeric

Level 1:

Construct Isometric Drawing of


geometrical solid by :
Box Method
Frame Method
Construct Isometric Circles by four-centre
method
Construct curves in isometric plane by
Coordinate Method
Construct Isometric Drawing of
geometrical solid of surfaces:
Flat
Inclined
Rounded

Level 2:

Construct Isometric Drawing of


geometrical solid having:
Oblique surface
curved surface

Level 1:
8.3 Dimensioning of
Isometric Drawing
8.4 Application of Isometric
Drawing in engineering
field

Dimension Isometric Drawing


Level 1

Construct Isometric Drawing which include


exploded-view Isometric Drawing for
objects or component of various
engineering field

Resources:
1. Samples of drawing
2. Models from various
engineering fields
Activity:
Draw Isometric Drawing
from Orthographic
Projections

W33 W34

UNIT 9:
OBLIQUE DRAWING
9.1 Concepts of Oblique
Drawing
a. Oblique axis
b. Circles, arcs and
curves in oblique
drawing
c. Characteristics of
Oblique Drawing

Level 1

Resources:
Identify
Oblique axis
Receding axis
Horizontal axis
Vertical axis
Explain concept of circles, arcs and curves
in Oblique Drawing
Identify characteristics of Oblique Drawing
oblique lines
non-oblique lines
angles in oblique
circle in oblique
arcs in oblique

Level 1:

9.2 Types of Oblique


Drawing

Identify types of Oblique Drawing:


Common Oblique
Cavalier Oblique
Cabinet Oblique

Level 2:

9.3 Selection of Orientation


of Oblique Drawing

Select the best orientation to produce


Oblique Drawing

9.4 Construction of Oblique


Drawing
a. Box Method
b. Frame Method

Level 1:

Construct Oblique Drawing of geometrical


solids by :
Box Method
Frame Method

9.5 Dimensioning of
Oblique
Drawing

Level 1:

Dimensioning of Oblique Drawing

9.6 Application of Oblique


Drawing in engineering

Level 2:

Apply Oblique Drawing for objects or


components from various engineering
sectors

W35

MID TERM BREAK


Sept 4th 12th 2010

W36 W40

REVISION
FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
SCHOOL HOLIDAY
November 20th 2010 January 3rd 2010

1. Samples of drawing
2. Models from various
engineering fields
Activity:
Draw oblique from :
- orthographic projection
drawing
- Isometric drawing
Assessment:
To assess oblique drawings
produced