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College Calc 1 Review Problems

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**(a) In order to approximate a solution on this interval by Newton’s Method, how
**

must you rewrite the equation?

**(b) Write down the first two approximations x1 and x2 to this solution using Newton’s
**

Method with an initial guess of x0 = 0. You may leave x2 unsimplified.

(c) Find the linearization of h(x) = ex

3

5x at a = 14 .

**2. The parts of this problem are not related.
**

(a) Compute limx!1 (1 + kx)1/x , where k is a positive constant.

(b) Calculate the limit limx!1

xk kx+k 1

,

(x 1)2

4

where k is a positive constant.

(c) Verify the identity

d

arcsec x

dx

=

p1

x x2 1

for x > 0.

(d) Compute the most general antiderivative of f (x) =

5

1

+e 3x+3

4x

cos x+11x5/2 +17.

**3. A rectangle with sides parallel to the x-axis and y-axis is inscribed inside the ellipse
**

2

x2

+ yb2 = 1. Of all such rectangles, find the dimensions of the one with maximum

a2

area. Hint: draw a picture!

6

4. R1 (b) Using the fact that 3 5xdx = 20. Consider the definite integral R3 3 5xdx (a) Graph the integrand on the interval [-3. use properties of the integral to compute R3 5xdx. 1 7 . You may check you answer geometrically.3] and compute the integral by interpreting it in terms of areas.

8 . You may use the formulas j=1 ↵ = ↵n for any constant ↵ and nj=1 j = n(n + 1)/2.(c) Compute the integral using the definiton (limit of Riemann sums) and right endPn points P as sample points.

(c) Sketch the part of the graph of y = f (x) that lies over the interval (d) True or False: f (x) has a horizontal asymptote as x ! 1. (e) True or False: f (x) has a horizontal asymptote as x ! 1.5. . f (2) = 2. graph of f has no corners) • f (0) = 2. f (4) = 1 • f 0 (0) = f 0 (2) = f 0 (4) = 0 • f 00 ( 1) = f 00 (1) = f 00 (3) = 0 • f 0 (x) < 0 for x < 0 and 2 < x < 4 • f 0 (x) > 0 for 0 < x < 2 and 4 < x • f 00 (x) < 0 for x < • f 00 (x) > 0 for 1 and 1 < x < 3 1 < x < 1 and 3 < x (a) Find all the local maxima and minima inside the interval 2 < x < 5. (b) Find all the inflection points.e. 9 2 x 5. Suppose f (x) is a function defined on all of R with the following properties: • f 0 and f 00 exist for all x (i.

b satisfying 0 a b ⇡. Use the Mean Value Theorem to find a number M such that |f (b) f (a)| M |b a| for all a. The parts of this problem are not related. (a) A spherical balloon is inflated with helium at a rate of 8 cubic metres per second. How fast is the surface area increasing when the balloon has a radius of 2 metres? (b) Let f (x) = cos(⇡x2 ). 11 .6.

7. 12 . (b) True or False: f (x) is increasing for all x. ⇡2 ). (a) Find the equation of the tangent line to the curve at the point ( ⇡2 . Consider the function y = f (x) given implicitly by 2y + sin(x + y) = 2x.

using the Squeeze Theorem. Calculate the following limits and derivatives 1 (a) lim x sin . x!0 x i p d h 2 2 (b) (arctanh x ) x + 1 dx 2 .PART I 1.

1]. 1]. The parts of this problem are NOT related (a) Find the linearization of h(x) = ex 5x at a = 14 .PART II 2. 3 . (c) Consider the function f (x) = 4x ex . etc. Explain why f (x) = 0 has at most one root in [0. We know by the Intermediate Value Theorem that f (x) = 0 has at least one root in the interval [0. Use principles of calculus. 1 (b) Compute the most general antiderivative of f (x) = 4x + e 3x+3 cos x + 11x5/2 + 17 and check your answer. Mean Value Theorem.

(b) True or False: f (x) is increasing for all x. 4 .3. Consider the function y = f (x) given implicitly by 2y + sin(x + y) = 2x. (a) Find the equation of the tangent line to the curve at the point ( ⇡2 . ⇡2 ).

carefully labeling all the variable quantities. that is. (a) Draw a diagram depicting the situation. A road running perpendicular to the runner’s path is ahead of the runner. at a steady rate of 25 ft/sec. and he is also running. will the jogger and bear cross paths at the intersection of the two roads at the same time? 5 . There is a bear on the road who is south of the east-west path. (b) How fast is the distance between the jogger and the bear decreasing when the runner is 17 feet from the north-south road and the bear is 40 feet from the east-west path? (c) Given the data in part (b). does the jogger meet his demise.4. A runner is jogging directly east at a steady rate of 18 ft/sec.

if any. The function f (x) defined for all x 6= 0 has second derivative f 0 0 (x) f 0 0 (x) = 2x 1 . if any. the graph of f (x) has inflection points. find the first derivative of f (x). (b) Given the value f 0 ( 1) = 0.5. 6 . (c) Determine at which x. the function f (x) has a local extrema (minimum/maximum). x2 (a) Determine at which x.

If the limits do not exist. Use appropriate methods of calculus to find the exact values of the following limits. where k is a positive constant. (b) lim x!1 (x 1)2 ✓ ◆x 1 (c) lim+ x!0 x 7 . state this and justify your answer. cos 6x (a) lim x!0 cot 7x xk kx + k 1 .6.

What should the pen’s dimensions be to minimize the total length of fencing? (a) Draw a diagram and carefully label/identify all the variables involved. One side of the pen will be along a barn. perpendicular to the barn. A local farm is constructing a 500-square-foot rectangular pen to hold horses and cows.7. (b) Write down a single-variable function which needs to be minimized and give the domain of the function. 8 . There will also need to be a length of fence dividing the pen into two components. This will separate the horses from the cows. (c) At what value does the function take on a minimum? Justify your answer using calculus. so only three sides need to be fenced in.

2 . x on the same plane.1. (b) Determine the range of f using part (a) (c) Find the inverse of f . Consider the function f (x) = ex +e 2 (a) Sketch the graphs of ex and e x .

3 .2. The parts of this problem are not related. p (a) What is the domain of ln x x2 1 ? (b) Sketch the graph of g(x) = p 4 x2 and determine the range of g. (c) Simplify cot (arcsin x).

x!c Using the ✏.definition of a limit. Assume lim f (x) = L. prove that lim ↵f (x) = ↵L.3. 4 . x!c for any real number ↵.

Evaluate the following limits or state why it does not exist.4. (a) sin 3x x!0 tan 5x lim (b) lim 1 x!0 sec2 x x2 (c) x2 + x 6 x!2 x 2x + 5 lim (d) x2 + x 6 x!2 x2 2x lim (e) lim x sin x!0 (Hint: Squeeze Theorem) 5 1 x . Show and justify all steps.

(b) By calculating h(1/3) and h(2/3). show that for A sufficiently large. 1]. 1].5. h has at least 3 roots in the interval [0. Let A be a constant and define the function h(x) = x3 + x 1 + Ax(x 1)(2x 1) (a) Show that h has a root in the interval [0. 6 .

(d) True or False: A continuous function is di↵erentiable. if 1 < x x (a) Find A and B so that f is continuous everywhere. if x < 1 |x|. a function f is defined by: 8 1 < x + A. (c) At which points does f fail to be di↵erentiable? Explain the answer. (b) Sketch the graph of y = f (x). if 1 x 1 f (x) = : 1 + B. With A and B constants.6. 7 .

7. Di↵erentiate the following functions (a) ex (b) (c) 2 tan x csc(6x) sin 6x x2 +x+5 p x x+1 (d) e x (4x + 1000) 8 .

0) which is tangent to the graph of y = first quadrant. Find the equation of this line. There is a line passing through (2.8. 9 1 x2 in the .

(b) Next. where position is measured in metres and t is seconds. t (a) Use the definition of the derivative to compute the instantaneous velocity of the particle at time t = 3. use any technique you wish to compute the acceleration of the particle at t = 3. whose position is described by the function 12 s(t) = p . Consider a particle moving along the x-axis. (c) Is the particle moving forward or backward at t = 3? Is the particle speeding up or slowing down at t = 3? 10 .9.

Find the center and the radius of the circle x2 + y 2 ° 2x + 4y = 0 5. (a) Describe the rectilinear motion given at time t (in seconds) by s(t) = 20 + 8t ° t2 (in meters). g 0 (3) = 8. (a) F (x) = s (d) h(x) = √ ex x2 + 3 x2 ° ln x 3x + 2 (b) g(x) = 3 cos4 x · sin x9 !9 (e) F (x) = (c) f (x) = esin x tan x(x2 ° 4x) ln x 7. Let f (x) = x2 + x. g(4) = 2. Let 8 > < x3 + A F (x) = 6x + 1 > : x2 + 2 x∑2 2<x<3 x∏3 (a) Find the value of A that makes F (x) continuous at x = 2. g 0 (2) = 2. Find the derivatives of the following functions. Find the domain of the function f (x) = ln (x2 ° 4) 1 .Review Problems for exam 1 Note: these problems are in addition to the homework problems. 10. Let g(x) be a diÆerentiable function such that g(1) = 2. g(3) = 7. for 0 ∑ t ∑ 10. You can watch the solutions on the posted streaming power points. 8. 3. (b) For the constant A from (a): is F (x) diÆerentiable at x = 2? (c) Is F (x) diÆerentiable at x = 3? 2. g 0 (1) = 3. 0 Find the exact value of: (a) (gf ) (2) (b) √ !0 f g (3) (c) (g ± f )(1). Show that the equation x3 = x2 + 1 has at least one solution. (b) Find the total distance traveled. Use the definition of the derivative as a limit to find the derivative of f (x) = 1 x+2 4. Solve log (5x) + log (x ° 1) ° 2 = 0 9. 1. g(2) = 5. p p x° 3 tan (5x) (a) lim + 3x2 (b) lim x!3 x!0 x°3 sin (3x) (c) lim x!3 |x ° 3| x2 ° 9 6. Evaluate each of the following limits. g 0 (4) = 10.

and C. then f (x) is a quadratic function. Find A. 3x + 2) on the line y = 3x+2. f (x) = Ax2 +Bx+C. (a) Find the exact value of sin ⇡ 3 + 2 cos ⇡ 3 . (b) If f (x) is the square of the distance from the point (2.PART I 1. 1) to a point (x. 2 . B.

Consider f (x) = 3x2 +1 .PART II 2. x2 9 (a) What is the domain of f ? (b) By evaluating relevant limits. say so and explain why not. If there are none. determine the equations of all horizontal asymptotes of the graph of f (x). determine the equations of all vertical asymptotes of the graph of f (x). say so and explain why not. (c) By evaluating relevant limits. 3 . If there are none.

if x > 1 x4 x3 (c) The function r(x) = |x 17| 17 x is continuous at x = 17 4 . (a) A continuous function is di↵erentiable. provide a counterexample. if x 1 f (x) = x2 +x 2 . True or False. If true.3. (b) The following function is continuous at x = 1: ⇢ 3x + 1. prove the statement. if false.

Di↵erentiate the following functions 2 (a) ex tan x csc(6x) 6x (b) x2sin +x+5 p x (c) x+1 (d) e x (4x + 1000) 5 .4.

6 . (b) Find an equation of the tangent line to the graph of y = x x 1 at the point where x = 2.5. you may use the fact that f 0 (2) = 14 . (a) Use the definition of derivative to find the derivative of f (x) = x x 1 . The parts of this problem are related. In case you were unable to do part (a).

of a particle moving on a line is given by s(t) = t2 8t + 18. 4. (a) Find the particle’s average velocity over each of the time interval [4. Give your answer as a single number (you do not need to simplify) with appropriate units. Use the meaning of velocity in terms of limits.6. (b) Calculate the particle’s average velocity over the time interval [4. 4 + 4t]. in feet. where 4t > 0.1]. Simplify your answer. the coordinate s(t). 7 . (c) Find the particle’s instantaneous velocity at t = 4. in seconds. At time t.

Let A be a constant and define the function h(x) = x3 + x 1 + Ax(x 1)(2x 1) (a) Show that h has a root in the interval [0. h has at least 3 roots in the interval [0. 8 . (b) By calculating h(1/3) and h(2/3). 1].7. 1]. show that for A sufficiently large.

definition of a limit: lim 5x + 4 = 14. Although you may use your graph as a guide. do this algebraically. x!2 (a) Draw a graph of f (x) and identify the "-neighbourhood of L = 14 for " = 0. (b) For " = 0.8. for all x 6= 2: if 2 < x < 2 + . (c) Prove. x!2 9 .01. find a corresponding value of such that. then L " < f (x) < L + ". using the ". Let f (x) = 5x + 4 so that L = lim f (x) = 14.01.

2. When should the farmer pick the apples to maximize revenue? 1 . Approximate the area under the curve y = x2 + 2x ° 1. dx (b) Evaluate f (5). 1. 2. the farmer has 200 bushels of apple on the trees and the corps is increasing at a rate of 2 bushels per day. Let f (x) = Z x 5 t3 sin (et )dt. Find (a) Z 3 x2 ex 3 +4 dx 3. If he sell after that the price drops 10 cents per bushel per day. above the x-axis and between x = 1 and x = 4 using a Riemann sum with n = 3 and left hand endpoint of each of the subintervals. A continuous function f (x) is such that Find Z 5 3 Z 0 f (x)dx = °4 and Z 0 5 f (x)dx = °10. On September 15th. You can watch the solutions on the posted streaming power points. Evaluate Z 4 1°x p dx (a) x 1 (b) Z sin x cos xdx (b) Z ln 2 0 (c) ex dx ex + 2 Z 1 dx 4°x (c) Z 2p 1 (d) x(x3 ° p Z t2 dt t°1 5 x + p )dx x 4. f (x)dx. The material covered in this set of problems doesn’t contain the material for the first and the second exam. 5. (a) Find d f (x). 3. 6. These problems are an addition to the homework problems. A farmer can get $3 per bushel of apples on September 15th.Review Problems for final exam Note: 1. You should look for the sets of problems and the streaming power points for the first and the second exams.

Final Exam .

.

.

r R h θ b .

3 y 2 1 x -2 -1 1 2 4 4 H S .

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