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Installation, Operation

,
and Maintenance Manual
Model 3171

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Introduction and Safety ..........................................................................................................
Introduction .............................................................................................................................
Safety ......................................................................................................................................
Safety terminology and symbols ...........................................................................................
Environmental safety ............................................................................................................
User safety ...........................................................................................................................
Ex-approved products ..........................................................................................................
Monitoring equipment ...........................................................................................................
Product warranty .....................................................................................................................

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3
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4
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5
6
7
7

Transportation and Storage ................................................................................................... 9
Receive the unit ...................................................................................................................... 9
Unpack the unit ....................................................................................................................... 9
Pump handling ........................................................................................................................ 9
Lifting methods ..................................................................................................................... 9
Pump storage requirements .................................................................................................. 11
Prepare the pump for long-term storage ............................................................................. 12
Product Description ..............................................................................................................
General description ...............................................................................................................
Nameplate information ..........................................................................................................
Permissible temperatures .....................................................................................................

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13
14
15

Installation ............................................................................................................................. 16
Preinstallation ....................................................................................................................... 16
Inspect the pump ................................................................................................................ 16
Pump location guidelines .................................................................................................... 16
Concrete foundation requirements ..................................................................................... 17
Support plate installation ....................................................................................................... 18
Install the support plate with a pit cover .............................................................................. 18
Install the support plate without a pit cover ......................................................................... 18
Piping checklists ................................................................................................................... 19
General piping checklist ..................................................................................................... 19
Suction piping for optional dry pit, outside tank mount, and tailpipe applications ............... 20
Steam lines ......................................................................................................................... 21
Final piping checklist .......................................................................................................... 21
Stuffing box installation ......................................................................................................... 21
Install the packed stuffing box ............................................................................................ 22
Install the pump, driver, and coupling .................................................................................... 22
Motor installation and coupling alignment ............................................................................. 23
Install the motor .................................................................................................................. 23
Alignment checks ............................................................................................................... 23
Permitted indicator values for alignment checks ................................................................ 24
Alignment measurement guidelines ................................................................................... 24
Attach the dial indicators for alignment ............................................................................... 24
Align the flexible coupling ................................................................................................... 25
Align the flexible coupling with a straight edge ................................................................... 25
Float control installation ........................................................................................................ 25
Install the Square D 9036 simplex and 9038 duplex float controls ...................................... 26
Commissioning, Startup, Operation, and Shutdown ......................................................... 28
Preparation for startup .......................................................................................................... 28
Check the rotation - Frame Mounted ..................................................................................... 29

Model 3171 Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Manual

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........................................................ Lubricate the bearings after a shutdown period ............................................................................................................................ Sealed bearings .............. 52 Assembly troubleshooting .......................................................... Reassembly . Steady bearings ................................................................................................................................................................... Shaft-seal maintenance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Pump operation precautions ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Packed stuffing-box maintenance ......................... Remove the impeller ............................................................................ Make the final alignment of the pump and driver ..................... 52 Operation troubleshooting .............................. Lubricate the sealed bearings with grease cups .............. Start the pump ......................... Pump priming ................................................................................................................................................ Bearing maintenance ................... Set the impeller clearance ................................................................................................................................................. Set the impeller clearance ...................................................................... suction cover........................................................... and strainer ....................................................................................... Bearings inspection .... Disassemble the column ............ Mechanical-seal maintenance ......................................................................................................................................................................... Remove the pump from the sump ........................................................................................ Parts list ........................................ Assemble the rotating element ................................................................................................................................ Lubricating-grease requirements ....................................................................................................................................... Assemble the column ............................................. Operation............................................................................................................................................................................................ Assemble the column and support plate ................................................................................................ 53 Parts Listings and Cross-Sectionals ................ Install the coupling guard ........................................................................................................ 38 38 39 39 39 39 40 40 40 41 42 42 42 42 43 44 45 46 46 47 47 48 48 48 49 50 50 Troubleshooting ....................................... 59 2 Model 3171 Installation............... Shaft replacement guidelines ....................................................................................................................................................................... 29 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 32 33 34 34 35 36 36 37 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... Steam jacket pumps (molten sulfur construction) .................................................................................. Shut down the pump ..........................................................................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Thrust bearing lubrication ........ Impeller-clearance setting ........ Tools required . Disassembly ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Bearing fits and tolerances .................................... Preassembly inspections .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Drain the pump ....... and Maintenance Manual ................................................... 59 Regional offices .................... Maintenance schedule ........................................... Cross-sectional diagrams ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Shaft sealing with a stuffing box .....dial indicator method ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Assemble the impeller................................................. Disassembly precautions .............................................................................. Replacement guidelines .... Flush the steady bearings ..... 54 54 55 57 Local ITT Contacts ................................................................................ Dimensional drawings ..............................................feeler gauge method ............. Shaft sealing with a mechanical seal ..................................................................................................................................... Thrust bearings ............

or maintaining the unit in any way that is not covered in this manual could cause death. propellers. and may void the warranty. • If the pump/motor is damaged or leaking. Never apply heat to impellers. explosion. • This manual clearly identifies accepted methods for disassembling units. or delays. Take all necessary measures to avoid over-pressurization. do not operate as it may cause an electric shock. please contact the nearest ITT representative. liberation of toxic fumes. installing. Correct/repair the problem prior to putting back in service. or their retaining devices to aid in their removal unless explicitly stated in this manual. please contact an ITT representative before proceeding. or events that are not considered in this manual or in the sales documents. Improper use of the product can cause personal injury and damage to property. • Any pressure-containing device can explode. Failure to do so could result in physical injury. serious personal injury. Operation. • Do not change the service application without the approval of an authorized ITT representative. fire. rupture.Introduction and Safety Introduction and Safety Introduction Purpose of this manual The purpose of this manual is to provide necessary information for: • Installation • Operation • Maintenance CAUTION: Read this manual carefully before installing and using the product. For instructions. Requesting other information Special versions can be supplied with supplementary instruction leaflets. and Maintenance Manual 3 . If there is a question regarding the intended use of the equipment. See the sales contract for any modifications or special version characteristics. These methods must be adhered to. situations. CAUTION: You must observe the instructions contained in this manual. • Operating. Trapped liquid can rapidly expand and result in a violent explosion and injury. This includes any modification to the equipment or use of parts not provided by ITT. damage. or damage to the equipment. or environmental damage. Always specify the exact product type and identification code when requesting technical information or spare parts. physical harm. and keep it readily available at the location of the unit. Model 3171 Installation. Safety WARNING: • The operator must be aware of safety precautions to prevent physical injury. NOTICE: Save this manual for future reference. or discharge its contents if it is overpressurized.

if not avoided. could result in undesirable conditions • A practice not related to personal injury Hazard categories Hazard categories can either fall under hazard levels or let specific symbols replace the ordinary hazard level symbols. Electrical hazards are indicated by the following specific symbol: Electrical Hazard: These are examples of other categories that can occur. and Maintenance Manual . They fall under the ordinary hazard levels and may use complementing symbols: • Crush hazard • Cutting hazard • Arc flash hazard The Ex symbol The Ex symbol indicates safety regulations for Ex-approved products when used in atmospheres that are potentially explosive or flammable. if not avoided. if not avoided. understand. will result in death or serious injury WARNING: A hazardous situation which. They are published to help prevent these hazards: • Personal accidents and health problems • Damage to the product • Product malfunction Hazard levels Hazard level NOTICE: DANGER: Indication A hazardous situation which. 4 Model 3171 Installation. and follow the safety messages and regulations carefully before handling the product.Introduction and Safety Safety terminology and symbols About safety messages It is extremely important that you read. if not avoided. Environmental safety The work area Always keep the station clean to avoid and/or discover emissions. could result in minor or moderate injury • A potential situation which. Operation. could result in death or serious injury CAUTION: A hazardous situation which.

Recycling guidelines Always follow local laws and regulations regarding recycling. • Report all environmental emissions to the appropriate authorities. Pay attention to the risks of electric shock or arc flash hazards. a guard rail. see sections dealing specifically with electrical connections. national. For more information about requirements. • Avoid all electrical dangers. Use this safety equipment within the work area: • Helmet • Safety goggles. and Maintenance Manual 5 . Inform ITT so that accurate actions can take place. • Handle and dispose of the processed liquid in compliance with applicable environmental regulations. • Always bear in mind the risk of drowning. Model 3171 Installation.Introduction and Safety Waste and emissions regulations Observe these safety regulations regarding waste and emissions: • Appropriately dispose of all waste. for example. electrical accidents. state. User safety General safety rules These safety rules apply: • Always keep the work area clean. consult your local electric utility. and local regulations. Electrical installation For electrical installation recycling requirements. Precautions before work Observe these safety precautions before you work with the product or are in connection with the product: • Provide a suitable barrier around the work area. preferably with side shields • Protective shoes • Protective gloves • Gas mask • Hearing protection • First-aid kit • Safety devices NOTICE: Never operate a unit unless safety devices are installed. WARNING: Do NOT send the product to the ITT manufacturer if it has been contaminated by any nuclear radiation. • Pay attention to the risks presented by gas and vapors in the work area. Safety equipment Use safety equipment according to the company regulations. Also see specific information about safety devices in other sections of this manual. Electrical connections Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. and burn injuries. • Clean up all spills in accordance with safety and environmental procedures. Operation.

Introduction and Safety











Make sure that all safety guards are in place and secure.
Allow all system and pump components to cool before you handle them.
Make sure that you have a clear path of retreat.
Make sure that the product cannot roll or fall over and injure people or damage property.
Make sure that the lifting equipment is in good condition.
Use a lifting harness, a safety line, and a breathing device as required.
Make sure that the product is thoroughly clean.
Make sure that there are no poisonous gases within the work area.
Make sure that you have quick access to a first-aid kit.
Disconnect and lock out power before servicing.
Check the explosion risk before you weld or use electric hand tools.

Wash the skin and eyes
1. Follow these procedures for chemicals or hazardous fluids that have come into contact with
your eyes or your skin:
Condition
Chemicals or hazardous
fluids in eyes

Chemicals or hazardous
fluids on skin

Action
1.
2.
3.

Hold your eyelids apart forcibly with your fingers.
Rinse the eyes with eyewash or running water for at least
15 minutes.
Seek medical attention.

1.
2.
3.

Remove contaminated clothing.
Wash the skin with soap and water for at least 1 minute.
Seek medical attention, if necessary.

Ex-approved products
Follow these special handling instructions if you have an Ex-approved unit.
Personnel requirements
These are the personnel requirements for Ex-approved products in potentially explosive
atmospheres:
• All work on the product must be carried out by certified electricians and ITT-authorized
mechanics. Special rules apply to installations in explosive atmospheres.
• All users must know about the risks of electric current and the chemical and physical
characteristics of the gas, the vapor, or both present in hazardous areas.
• Any maintenance for Ex-approved products must conform to international and national
standards (for example, IEC/EN 60079-17).
ITT disclaims all responsibility for work done by untrained and unauthorized personnel.
Product and product handling requirements
These are the product and product handling requirements for Ex-approved products in
potentially explosive atmospheres:
• Only use the product in accordance with the approved motor data.
• The Ex-approved product must never run dry during normal operation. Dry running during
service and inspection is only permitted outside the classified area.
• Before you start work on the product, make sure that the product and the control panel are
isolated from the power supply and the control circuit, so they cannot be energized.
• Do not open the product while it is energized or in an explosive gas atmosphere.
• Make sure that thermal contacts are connected to a protection circuit according to the
approval classification of the product, and that they are in use.
• Intrinsically safe circuits are normally required for the automatic level-control system by the
level regulator if mounted in zone 0.

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Model 3171 Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Manual

Introduction and Safety

• The yield stress of fasteners must be in accordance with the approval drawing and the
product specification.
• Do not modify the equipment without approval from an authorized ITT representative.
• Only use parts that are provided by an authorized ITT representative.
Description of ATEX
The ATEX directives are a specification enforced in Europe for electrical and non-electrical
equipment installed in Europe. ATEX deals with the control of potentially explosive atmospheres and the standards of equipment and protective systems used within these atmospheres. The relevance of the ATEX requirements is not limited to Europe. You can apply these
guidelines to equipment installed in any potentially explosive atmosphere.
Guidelines for compliance
Compliance is fulfilled only when you operate the unit within its intended use. Do not change
the conditions of the service without the approval of an ITT representative. When you install or
maintain explosion proof products, always comply with the directive and applicable standards
(for example, IEC/EN 60079–14).

Monitoring equipment
For additional safety, use condition-monitoring devices. Condition-monitoring devices include
but are not limited to these devices:
• Pressure gauges
• Flow meters
• Level indicators
• Motor load readings
• Temperature detectors
• Bearing monitors
• Leak detectors
• PumpSmart control system

Product warranty
Coverage
ITT undertakes to remedy faults in products from ITT under these conditions:
• The faults are due to defects in design, materials, or workmanship.
• The faults are reported to an ITT representative within the warranty period.
• The product is used only under the conditions described in this manual.
• The monitoring equipment incorporated in the product is correctly connected and in use.
• All service and repair work is done by ITT-authorized personnel.
• Genuine ITT parts are used.
• Only Ex-approved spare parts and accessories authorized by ITT are used in Ex-approved
products.
Limitations
The warranty does not cover faults caused by these situations:
• Deficient maintenance
• Improper installation
• Modifications or changes to the product and installation made without consulting ITT
• Incorrectly executed repair work
• Normal wear and tear
ITT assumes no liability for these situations:

Model 3171 Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Manual

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Introduction and Safety

• Bodily injuries
• Material damages
• Economic losses
Warranty claim
ITT products are high-quality products with expected reliable operation and long life. However,
should the need arise for a warranty claim, then contact your ITT representative.

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Model 3171 Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Manual

Inspect the unit to determine if any parts have been damaged or are missing. and Maintenance Manual 9 . 2. 3. Remove packing materials from the unit. to a vertical position and then lower the unit into the sump. Unpack the unit 1. Lifting methods WARNING: • All lifting must be done in compliance with all applicable regulations/standards. Inspect the package for damaged or missing items upon delivery. 2. • Crush hazard. The unit and the components can be heavy. Use a tag line attached to the casing end in order to prevent the pump from swinging. Then use the lifting lugs on the motor and a suitable sling in order to hoist the motor into position. Dispose of all packing materials in accordance with local regulations. File a claim with the shipping company if anything is out of order. Contact your ITT representative if anything is out of order.Transportation and Storage Transportation and Storage Receive the unit 1. 3. • These pumps might use carbon or ceramic silicon carbide components. Use proper lifting methods and wear steel-toed shoes at all times. without motor. Model 3171 Installation. Use swivel hoist rings (available as an option) and suitable slings in order to lift the pump. Do not drop the pump or subject it to shock loads as this can damage the internal ceramic components. • Do not attach sling ropes to shaft ends. Note any damaged or missing items on the receipt and freight bill. Operation. Pump handling WARNING: • Make sure that the unit cannot roll or fall over and injure people or damage property. NOTICE: Use a forklift truck or an overhead crane with sufficient capacity to move the pallet with the pump unit on top. Failure to do so can result in equipment damage.

Operation.Transportation and Storage Examples Figure 1: Proper lifting method Figure 2: Example of a proper lifting method Figure 3: Example of a proper lifting method 10 Model 3171 Installation. and Maintenance Manual .

Operation. contact the equipment manufacturer. Storage preparation Condition Indoor storage area (preferred) Model 3171 Installation. For specific requirements for storing motors. • Drain the area and keep it free from flooding. The pump is considered in storage when it has been delivered to the job site and is awaiting installation. and engines. gearheads. and Maintenance Manual Proper preparation • Pave the area. 11 . • Clean the area.Transportation and Storage Figure 4: Example of lifting motor properly with lifting lugs Figure 5: Example of lifting pump properly with sling Pump storage requirements Requirements Vertical pumps require proper preparation for storage and regular maintenance during storage.

7. Cover the unit with black polyethylene with a minimum thickness of 6. Uncontrolled storage facilities that have uneven temperatures.Transportation and Storage Condition Outdoor storage area (when indoor storage is not available) Proper preparation • Observe all indoor storage requirements. • Place coverings in a manner that maximizes drainage and air circulation. 12 Model 3171 Installation. • Tie coverings down in order to protect the pump from wind damage. higher humidity. (15 cm) from the ground for good air circulation.0 mm) in diameter.0 lbs (2.15 mm). If the unit is assembled. Rotation of the pump and bowl assembly shaft • Rotate the shaft and bowl assembly shaft counterclockwise once a month. and Maintenance Manual .3 kg) of vapor-phase inhibitor crystals near the center of the pump. Place 10 lbs (4.0 mil (0. but is not in regular operation for an extended period of time. When pump is not in regular operation If a pump has been installed. and/or dusty conditions) • Inspect the unit periodically to make sure that all preservatives are intact. Placement of pumps and component parts • Place the unit on skids.5 kg) of moisture-absorbing desiccant or 5. and seal it with tape. 6. 2. Stacking of units or component parts • Make sure that racks. then operate it for at least 15 minutes every two weeks.5 kg) in the discharge nozzle and securely fasten the nozzle to the discharge elbow. Provide a roof or shed shelter in order to protect the unit from direct exposure to the elements. Inspect the lube-oil and seal-flush piping and either fill the piping with rust-preventative oil. • Make sure that there is little or no dust. • Sort the parts in order to permit easy access for inspection and/or maintenance without excessive handling. Operation.5 in. • Keep identification markings readily visible. or crates bear the full weight of units or parts in order to prevent distortion. Controlled storage facilities • Maintain an even temperature of 10°F (6°C) or higher above the dew point. Install a moisture indicator near the perimeter of the unit. if possible. containers. • Immediately replace any cover you remove for internal access. you must follow the pump storage requirements and this procedure: 1. such as during a seasonal shutdown. • Seal all pipe threads and flanged pipe covers with tape. • Never leave the shaft in a previous position or in the extreme raised or lowered lateral position. Provide a small ventilation hole approximately 0. 3. • Keep the relative humidity to less than 50%. or shoring higher than 6 in. • Make sure that the shaft rotates freely. Prepare the pump for long-term storage For storage periods over six months. or recoat the piping periodically in order to prevent corrosion. pallets. 5. at a minimum. • Use weather-proof coverings such as flame-resistant sheeting or tarpaulins. place an additional one pound (0. 4. (12.

polished. A threaded connection to the discharge pipe allows the pipe to be changed without removing the pump from the sump. Model 3171 Installation. Strainer The flat plate strainer is designed to maximize draw-down in a given sump depth. The impeller is provided with back vanes in order to reduce the axial thrust and prevent the entrance of solids. Discharge elbow The discharge elbow is designed to allow the pump to fit into the smallest possible opening.Product Description Product Description General description Product description The 3171 is a vertical submerged bearing sump and process pump. Note that each pump has a choice of two different discharge pipes which results in four combinations. The S/ST group has identical bearings with a slightly different shaft on the impeller end for the S and ST. and Maintenance Manual 13 . Operation. and straightened to keep vibration and deflection to a minimum. However. suction cover.3. keyed to the shaft. the liquid end of the MT is common with the S group except that the MT is modified to accept a larger shaft. Impellers are spinbalanced (single plane) to ISO G6. Shaft The standard design uses a one-piece shaft in order to ensure accurate alignment. This table shows the number of hydraulic sizes available for each drive-unit size group. The M/MT group is identical in all aspects for the power end. The shaft is precision-ground. Standard bearing spans keep the shaft well below first critical speed for all sizes. Column pipe The column pipe has flanged connections that are machined in order to ensure true parallelism and to maintain steady bearings concentric with the shaft. The impellers on this pump do not meet the dimensional requirements for dynamic balancing. and bearing Impeller The impeller is fully open. and held in place by a self-locking capscrew in order to ensure positive locking and prevent damage from reverse rotation. Openings are sized to prevent the entrance of large solids that are commonly found in open sumps. Drive-unit size group S/ST M/MT L Number of hydraulic sizes 9 8 2 Casing The casing has these features: • A tangential discharge • Is self-venting • Has an integral bearing retainer • Is precision-bored in order to ensure permanent alignment between the column casing. This model is based on three bearing frames with 17 hydraulic sizes. There are two MT sizes that are common with the S/ST group.

All fits are precision-machined to industry standards. This seal is used below the thrust bearing in order to contain the grease and exclude any possible contamination. The steady bearings are press fit sleeve bearings. Motor supports are designed for vertical C-face motors as standard. See Parts List for item numbers. Motor support Motor supports are cast construction and precision-machined in order to maintain proper alignment between the motor and pump shaft with minimal shimming. This enables the bearing to carry all of the thrust loads and some of the radial load. When you order spare parts. double-row. Fits are designed for optimum life under all operating conditions. and Maintenance Manual . Direction of rotation The shaft rotates clockwise when you look down on the pump shaft. angular contact ball bearing. Motor support nameplate 14 Model 3171 Installation.Product Description Bearings The thrust bearing is a grease-lubed. This seal is installed immediately behind the impeller in the casing in order to minimize recirculation back to the sump and maximize hydraulic efficiency. P-base supports and IEC adapters are available upon request. Seals This pump has three seals: Seal type Upper labyrinth seal Lower grease seal Carbon Teflon casing collar Description This seal is used to exclude dirt and water from the thrust bearing. The bearing is shouldered and locked to the shaft and housing. Nameplate information Important information for ordering Every pump has a nameplate that provides information about the pump. Operation. The nameplate is located on the motor support. identify this pump information: • Model • Size • Serial number • Item numbers of the required parts Refer to the nameplate on the pump casing for most of the information.

Model 3171 Installation.P. in feet MAT'L. Diameter of the impeller CONT. If it is not. PSI @ Hydrotest pressure in pounds per square inch at 100°F 100°F FLOW GPM Rated pump flow. Permissible temperatures Code T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 Maximum permissible surface temperature 842°F (450°C) 572°F (300°C) 392°F (200°C) 275°F (135°C) 212°F (100°C) 185°F (85°C) Maximum permissible liquid temperature 700°F (372°C) 530°F (277°C) 350°F (177°C) 235°F (113°C) Option not available Option not available NOTICE: The code classification marked on the equipment must be in accordance with the specified area where you plan to install the equipment.M.Product Description Table 1: Explanation of the nameplate Nameplate field Explanation MODEL Pump model SIZE Size of the pump S/N Serial number of the pump STD. HEAD FT. Operation. do not operate the equipment and contact your ITT representative before you proceed. pounds per square inch at °F PRESS. Material of construction IMP. DIA. revolutions per minute MAX. Rated pump speed. contact your ITT representative before you proceed. in gallons per minute R. . Contract/item number MAX. Standard dimension HYDRO PRESS. Rated pump head. PSI°F. DIM. Maximum impeller diameter ATEX nameplate Nameplate field II 2 G/D T4 Explanation Group 2 Category 2 Pump can be used when gas and dust are present Temperature class NOTICE: Make sure that the code classifications on the pump are compatible with the specific environment in which you plan to install the equipment.. and Maintenance Manual 15 .DES./ ITEM NO. DIA. If they are not compatible. WORKING Maximum design working pressure.

Installation Installation Preinstallation Precautions WARNING: • When installing in a potentially explosive environment. and local rules. Inspect the pump 1. and any monitoring equipment. national. • NOTICE: Supervision by an authorized ITT representative is recommended to ensure proper installation. and Maintenance Manual . This applies to the pump equipment. • Electrical Connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. if supplied. Failure to do so may result in equipment damage or decreased performance. shackles. Remove all the equipment from the shipping containers. • "A" represents the location of the plugs 2. make sure that the motor is properly certified. Lifting devices such as hoist rings. selected. Remove any grease from the machined surfaces. state. Completely clean the underside of the support plate and both sides of the optional pit cover. and used for the entire load being lifted. 16 Model 3171 Installation. Pump location guidelines WARNING: Assembled units and their components are heavy. Test the earth (ground) lead to verify that it is connected correctly. Lift equipment only at the specifically identified lifting points. Remove the plastic shipping plugs from the vent holes in the head column and the casing. Operation. the driver. • You must earth (ground) all electrical equipment. 4. Failure to properly lift and support this equipment can result in serious physical injury and/or equipment damage. slings and spreaders must be rated. 3.

(12. inspection. • There should be at least 0. and freezing temperatures. Take into consideration the occurrence of unwanted The best pump location for noise and vibration noise and vibration. maintenance. flooding. • The foundation must be of adequate strength in order to support the complete weight of the pump and driver. If you require lifting equipment such as a hoist or tackle. Acceptable devices: • Pressure relief valves • Compression tanks • Pressure controls • Temperature controls • Flow controls If the system does not include these devices. make sure that there is enough space above the pump. Do not install and operate the equipment in closed systems unless the system is constructed with properly-sized safety devices and control devices.Installation Guideline Make sure that the space around the pump is sufficient.7 mm) clearance between the sides of the pump and any portion of the pit. • The foundation must be able to form a permanent and rigid support for the pumping unit. Explanation/comment This facilitates ventilation. Typical installation A typical installation has these characteristics: • Bolts with a pipe sleeve that is two and a half times the size of the bolt diameter embedded in the concrete • Properly sized • Located in accordance with the dimensions given in the example drawing • Enough space inside the pipe sleeves to allow the final position of the foundation bolts to align with the holes in the sub-base flange Model 3171 Installation. and Maintenance Manual 17 . Operation. consult the engineer or architect in charge before you operate the pump. This is applicable if nothing else is specified. This makes it easier to properly use the lifting equipment and safely remove and relocate the components to a safe location. Concrete foundation requirements Requirements Make sure that you meet these requirements when you prepare the pump foundation: • The foundation must be able to absorb any vibration. plus the weight of the liquid that passes through it. and service.5 in. Protect the unit from weather and water damage due to rain. absorption is on a concrete floor with subsoil underneath.

Model 3171 Installation. then perform one of these actions in order to make sure that you have an air-tight seal: Support plate type Standard 18 Action Insert the supplied gasket between the two flanges. 2. 5. 1. 6. The vapor-proof option includes machined. Hand tighten the anchor bolts. 8. 2. Carefully lower the pump and support plate onto the foundation bolts. If access to the bottom side is possible. 3. and pit cover as a unit. If you use the vapor-proof option. 7. (12. Install all bolts and hand tighten. Operation.Installation 1. you must assemble and install the pump (without the motor). 2. gasketed fits between the support plate/pit cover and the pit cover/foundation. Hex nut Washer Support plate 0. You must install these gaskets in order to ensure emissions performance. Bolt the support plate to a metal sole plate that has a machined surface. Tighten all anchor bolts in a star pattern in order to avoid distorting the pit cover. Carefully lower the pit cover onto the foundation bolts. Check the level and re-shim if necessary. 5. Check the level on the support plate and re-shim if necessary. 4. 6. Use as long a level as possible in order to level the pit cover in all directions with shims or wedges. 3. support plate. Level the support plate in all directions using shims and wedges. carefully lower the pump and support plate onto the pit cover. Install the support plate without a pit cover 1. Tighten all bolts in a star pattern in order to avoid distorting the support plate. 3. and Maintenance Manual . You must install the pit cover perfectly level in order to make sure that the pump remains straight up and down when installed. 4.5 in.5 mm) anchor bolt Anchor bolt sleeve Foundation (by customer) Figure 6: Example of a typical installation Support plate installation Install the support plate with a pit cover If access to the bottom of the pit cover is not possible during the installation process. Bolt the pit cover to a metal sole plate with a machined surface in order to ensure an air tight seal.

the pump flange.Installation Support plate type Tank flange Action Install the supplied gasket between the two flanges. Do not connect the piping to the pump until: • The grout for the baseplate or sub-base becomes hard. • The hold-down bolts for the pump and the driver are tightened. • Vary the capacity with the regulating valve in the discharge line. unexpected heat generation. Make sure that the mating flange on the tank is level. This can impose dangerous strains on the unit and cause misalignment between the pump and driver. Checked This helps to minimize friction losses. seal. and shafting This helps to minimize friction losses. — This prevents air from entering the piping system or leaks that occur during operation. Tighten all anchor bolts in a star pattern in order to avoid distorting the support plate. Piping checklists General piping checklist Precautions CAUTION: • Never draw piping into place by using force at the flanged connections of the pump. Check that only necessary fittings are used. Operation. Model 3171 Installation. Pipe strain adversely affects the operation of the pump. which results in physical injury and damage to the equipment. Never throttle the flow from the suction side. and Maintenance Manual 19 . Check the level and re-shim if necessary. Hand tighten the anchor bolts. and lined up naturally with. Explanation/comment This helps to prevent: • Strain on the pump • Misalignment between the pump and the drive unit • Wear on the pump bearings and the coupling • Wear on the pump bearings. Keep the piping as short as possible. and equipment damage. Make sure that all the piping joints and fittings are airtight. This action can result in decreased performance. 5. Figure 7: Layout for a standard support plate with the vapor-proof option 4. CAUTION: Checklist Check Check that all piping is supported independently of. Use gasket material between the flanges in order to make minor adjustments.

This will permit inspection of the check valve. Explanation/comment Checked This helps to prevent misalignment due to linear expansion of the piping. allow the fluid level inside the tank or pit to rise above the casing level. to 0. Use cushioning devices. make sure that the expansion loops and joints are properly installed. Make sure that the suction piping slopes upwards toward the pump. Make sure that the suction piping contains no air pockets.03 in. make sure that the piping allows you to flush out the liquid before you remove the pump. Operation. • Eliminate unneeded elbows. This protects the pump from surges and water hammer if quick-closing valves are installed in the system. and Maintenance Manual . The check valve prevents pump or seal damage due to reverse flow through the pump when the driver is turned off. — Locate the check valve between the isolation valve and the pump. You can easily install the flange bolts by hand. and for inspection and maintenance of the pump.Installation Check If the pump handles corrosive fluids. Make sure that the isolation and check valves are installed in the discharge line. (0.8 mm).001 in. • Move the elbow further from the suction. Make sure that all piping components. valves and fittings./in. Make sure that all joints are air tight. 20 Model 3171 Installation. and tailpipe applications Checklist Check Install an elbow at the pump. install an isolation for pump inspection and maintevalve in the suction line at least nance. submerge the casing before you start the pump. Alignment criteria for pump flanges Type Axial Parallel Criteria The flange gasket thickness is ±0. The isolation valve must two pipe diameters from the suc. Concentric Suction piping for optional dry pit. Align the flange to be within 0. tion. If the pump handles liquids at elevated temperatures./ in. outside tank mount. perform these actions: • Use long radius elbows. Explanation/comment Checked Whenever possible. For outside tank mount and dry pit This allows the line to be closed applications. The isolation valve is required for regulation of flow.025 mm/mm to 0.be kept fully open during operation. — — — — — For outside tank mount and dry pit applications. Make sure the suction piping is a larger diameter than the pump suction. Install separate suction lines when more than one pump is operating from the same source of supply. and pump branches are clean prior to assembly. In tailpipe applications.03 in. (0.8 mm/mm) of the flange diameter. Provide a method to prime the pump.

Stuffing box installation This pump is a sealless design. The column assembly allows the fluid that comes through the lower bushings to flow up through the column and back through the connection at the top of the column back to the tank. Steam lines Checklist Determine which method to use in order to connect the steam lines. Explanation/comment Checked There are three connections above the support plate: • Two steam connections • One condensate return connection. then correct the piping. The steam connections are connected to the tops of the column and discharge jackets. Only use this method if absolutely necessary. After the pump is brought to temperature for the first time. If you use air to check for leaks. Operation. The jackets are hydrotested by the factory at 100 psi before shipment. the tube fittings can become loose during transit. Therefore. Refer to Impeller clearance setting in the Operations chapter. Explanation/comment Checked This prevents vortices and air entrainment. Make sure there is no rubbing that can lead to excess heat generation or sparks. For an outside tank mount application. because it is difficult to control the steam at subsequent pumps. Before you install the pump. Re-check the alignment to make sure that pipe strain has not caused any misalignment. Provide source of steam at 35 psi and 300°F (149°C). Final piping checklist Check Check that the shaft rotates smoothly. Model 3171 Installation. • You can use one steam line as input for steam. when temperatures exceed 180°F (82°C). make sure that a column assembly is installed. Explanation/comment Checked Rotate the shaft by hand. Less than ideal conditions require higher pressure steam in order to keep the correct temperature.Installation Check Make sure that the entrance to the suction pipe is kept adequately submerged below the free liquid surface. Check Before you install the pump. check the fittings for leaks. However. If pipe strain exists. while the other steam line is used as a feed through to additional pumps. you must move the thrust bearing away from the heat source in the pump by adding the upper stuffing box. Air can then circulate around the bearing in order to keep it cool. Connect the pipe at the top of the pump column back to the source tank in order to prevent fluid from entering the thrust bearing. Use plant air or high pressure water. become familiar with the location of the steam lines. There are two methods you can use in order to connect the steam lines: • You can use both steam lines as input for steam (preferred method). The upper stuffing box is also used to minimize vapor emissions when the pump handles controlled substances. shut down the unit temporarily and readjust the impeller clearance. and Maintenance Manual 21 . use a soap solution at each joint in order to check for air bubbles.

3. 3. Fill the grease cup with any lithium-based #2 grease. driver.Installation 1. 7. Hand-tighten the gland nuts. and coupling 1. The packing is lubricated by a grease cup supplied with the pump. 3. 9. (76. 22 Model 3171 Installation. 2. 4. 8. and Maintenance Manual . Install the pump. Operation.2 mm) NPT female connection Pit cover Gasket Install the packed stuffing box WARNING: Packed stuffing boxes are not allowed in an ATEX-classified environment. Use applicable bolts and hand tighten. 6. Use applicable bolts. Mount and fasten the pump on the baseplate. 2. 4. Install the grease cup on the tapped opening on the stuffing box. Turn the cap on the grease cup several turns in order to inject the grease into the packing. 2. 1. The stuffing box is packed at the factory. See the installation instructions from the coupling manufacturer. Install the coupling. Motor support Upper stuffing box Gasket Discharge pipe Support plate Gasket 3 in. Mount the driver on the baseplate. 5.

state. and local rules. Make sure to align the bolt holes. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. and Maintenance Manual 23 . Alignment checks When to perform alignment checks You must perform alignment checks under these circumstances: • The process temperature changes. • The pump has been serviced. Types of alignment checks Type of check Initial alignment (cold alignment) check Final alignment (hot alignment) check When it is used Prior to operation when the pump and the driver are at ambient temperature. The correct rotation is clockwise as you look down from the drive at the impeller. Use the lifting lugs on the motor in order to carefully lower the motor onto the pump. Install both coupling halves before you mount the motor. NOTICE: Proper alignment is the responsibility of the installer and the user of the unit. Check the alignment of frame-mounted units before you operate the unit. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. Failure to do so can result in equipment damage or decreased performance. wire the motor and check the direction of rotation. The rotation arrow is on the motor support. If changes have occurred. Before you connect the coupling. national. 2. • Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks. you must alter the piping to remove pipe strains on the pump flanges. Refer to the instructions from the coupling manufacturer. P-base motor adapters and IEC motor adapters are available as options. This ensures that no changes have occurred during the grouting process. • The piping changes. Follow the coupling installation and operation procedures from the coupling manufacturer. This ensures that pipe strains have not altered the alignment. 1. 3.Installation Motor installation and coupling alignment WARNING: • Follow shaft alignment procedures in order to prevent catastrophic failure of drive components or unintended contact of rotating parts. Install the motor Use NEMA Vertical C-face motors with this pump. After operation when the pump and the driver are at operating temperature. Operation. Initial alignment (cold alignment) checks When Before you grout the baseplate After you grout the baseplate After you connect the piping Why This ensures that alignment can be accomplished. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. Model 3171 Installation.

(0. • The tolerance of the indicator is 0. Move or shim only the driver in order to make adjustments. This prevents strain on the piping installations. Alignment measurement guidelines Guideline Rotate the pump coupling half and the driver coupling half together so that the indicator rods have contact with the same points on the driver coupling half. This indicator is used to measure angular misalignment. Attach the dial indicators for alignment You must have two dial indicators in order to complete this procedure. Make sure that the hold-down bolts for the driver feet are loose before you make alignment corrections. Permitted indicator values for alignment checks NOTICE: The specified permitted reading values are valid only at operating temperature. This keeps the driver stationary since movement causes incorrect measurement. other values are permitted. (0. Explanation This prevents incorrect measurement./in. Operation. Make sure that the hold-down bolts for the driver feet are tight when you take indicator measurements. You must use the correct tolerances.0005 in. Attach two dial indicators on the pump coupling half (X): a) Attach one indicator (P) so that the indicator rod comes into contact with the perimeter of the driver coupling half (Y). 24 Model 3171 Installation. the pump and drive unit are correctly aligned when these conditions are true: • The total indicator runout is a maximum of 0. This corrects any misalignments that an adjustment may have caused. This makes it possible to move the driver when you make alignment corrections. 1.002 in. b) Attach the other indicator (A) so that the indicator rod comes into contact with the inner end of the driver coupling half.05 mm) at operating temperature. When dial indicators are used to check the final alignment. Check the alignment again after any mechanical adjustments.0127 mm/mm) of indicator separation at operating temperature. and Maintenance Manual .Installation Final alignment (hot alignment) checks When After the first run Periodically Why This ensures correct alignment when both the pump and the driver are at operating temperature. Failure to do so can result in misalignment and reduced pump reliability. This follows the plant operating procedures. For cold settings. This indicator is used to measure parallel misalignment.

• When installing in a potentially explosive environment. a lever arm inside the control mechanically switches to the second pump and it comes on for the next cycle. Lay a straight edge across both coupling rims at four points 90° apart. Straight-edge alignment by an experienced installer is adequate for most installations. If both pumps are unable to keep up with the demand. then a continued rise in the level turns both pumps on. This switch can be wired into a customer-supplied alarm horn or light. and Maintenance Manual 25 . Alignment of the pump and motor is of extreme importance for trouble-free mechanical operation. • When installing in a potentially explosive environment. Align the flexible coupling WARNING: • Disconnect and lock out electrical power before installing or servicing the pump. The only difference between the Square D 9036 simplex and the Square D 9038 duplex is in the operating sequence. This completes the circuit to the starter. In these cases. 3. or not come on at all. 4. Install a flexible sleeve between the hubs per the manufacturer's directions included with the pump data package. make sure that the motor is properly certified. 1. 3. As the liquid level rises. • The coupling used in an ATEX classified environment must be properly certified. the first pump starts as the water level rises. Straight-edge alignment by an experienced installer proves adequate for most installations. Align the flexible coupling with a straight edge WARNING: • Disconnect and lock out electrical power before installing or servicing the pump. Standard dial indicator procedures would apply. Move the motor until a straight edge rests evenly at each position. Refer to the float control installation instructions provided with the controls for the proper installation procedure. Operation continues until the liquid level drops low enough for the float to contact the lower collar. then an optional high-water alarm switch can be supplied in the alternator to close a switch if the water level rises past the second pumps on the level. Alignment of the pump and motor is of extreme importance for trouble-free mechanical operation. • The coupling used in an ATEX classified environment must be properly certified.Installation 2. the float rises to contact the upper collar and the upward movement of the float rod causes the mechanical switch inside the control to close. Use dial indicators for disc couplings and applications where alignment to tighter tolerances is desirable. 5. Tighten all motor bolts. Float control installation ITT supplies several different float controls. How float controls work The on and off levels of the Square D 9036 simplex and the Square D 9038 duplex are controlled by adjusting the collars (335). When the water level drops down and shuts off the first pump. If the first pump fails to keep up with demand. This topic describes the Square D 9036 Simplex and Square D 9038 Duplex float controls. make sure that the motor is properly certified. Both pumps run until the low-water level is reached. Use dial indicators for disc couplings and applications where alignment to tighter tolerances is desirable. 2. use standard dial indicator procedures. Adjust the indicators if necessary. Model 3171 Installation. Operation. Repeat these steps until you achieve the correct alignment. opening the switch and turning off the pump. This pulls the rod down. This allows the float to contact the upper collar. Rotate the pump coupling half (X) in order to check that the indicators are in contact with the driver coupling half (Y) but do not bottom out. For the Square D 9038 duplex.

0 in. x 1. 5. As liquid level rises. 6. the switch begins to float. drill. (10 to 15 cm) below the required actuation point. (26. This allows the switch to tilt when the fluid continues to rise.0 mm) Nipple. Refer to the wiring diagram from the manufacturer for the correct wiring of the switch. or control any other electrical device. horn. and tap the holes before you install the switch. When the float tilts. activate a high-level alarm.0 in (26. Switch operation is controlled by the buoyancy of weighted displacers suspended on a spring. As the liquid level rises in the pipe. 7. 1.0 in. The spring movement causes a magnetic sleeve to attract a pivoted magnet. the resulting change in buoyancy moves the spring upwards. When the fluid level rises to the float ball. relay. (13. The float balls are suspended in the sump to the desired control level. (204 mm) shorter than the pump length Cut the pipe 2. or other electric device. 26 Model 3171 Installation. 1. Refer to installation guide supplied by the manufacturer for proper installation and configuration.0 mm x 26. the float switch support pipe (435) and the upper rod guide (337) are installed by the factory. solenoid valve.5 in. The switch is mounted on a pipe above the support plate.Installation APEX high level alarm The APEX high level alarm is an independent device used to sense fluid level and close a switch that activates a separate alarm.0 in. trapped air causes bellows inside the switch to inflate and trip a microswitch. Float ball switches Float balls are individual switches that are used in multiple configurations to control the pump circuit. 4. and Maintenance Manual . 1. 0. If the pit cover is supplied by others.0 in (26 mm). High water alarm Reducing adapter. a switch closes that you can use in order to turn the pump on. If a pit cover is supplied with the pump. Install the Square D 9036 simplex and 9038 duplex float controls A single float and rod assembly is used with the 9036 float switch on a simplex unit or the 9038 duplex alternator. 2. 8.0 mm) Coupling. 3. Operation.5 in.0 mm) Pit cover Pipe. (64 mm) below the required switch actuation point Magnetrol displacer-type liquid level switch The Magnetrol displacer-type liquid level switch is closed by a magnetic seal inside a sealed tube. closing the actuating switch. 1. The switch can then activate a light. The pipe must extend into the sump 4 to 6 in. The float is either anchored to a pipe or weighted. you must locate.

(470 mm) 1. Operation.0 in. (9. and switch Number 1 2 3 Coverplate diameter (A) 22 in. 7.Installation 1. Attach the float switch bracket (398) to the float switch support pipe. attach the lower guide arm (366) and the float rod guide (336) to the correct suction cover bolt (based on the layout).50 in. 3. Model 3171 Installation. Thread the float switch support pipe (435) and the upper rod guide (337) into the pit cover. 4. and Maintenance Manual 27 . You can rotate the float switch around the center line of the pump on the radius (B).25 in. 6. (368 mm) 16.50 in. (787 mm) Radius (B) 14. 2.8 mm) NPT float switch NTG column 0. (203.38 in. (419 mm) 18.00 in. Before you install the pump in the sump.50 in. Diameter of the coverplate (A) Radius (B) CL of the pump Radius of 7. float (342). (31. rod.0 mm) diameter of float (standard) Figure 8: Location of the float. 3. 5. You must maintain the radius (4) between the float switch column and the float. Install the float rod (334).50 in.0 mm) 1. 2. and collars (335). (178. (559 mm) 26. 4. (673 mm) 31.5 mm) NPT for the float rod guide 8 in.

These conditions can create an explosive hazard due to vaporization of pumped fluid and can quickly lead to pump failure and physical injury. state. and Maintenance Manual . Startup. heat generation. Speed of pump must reach 2000 rpm for 2 pole motors and 1000 rpm for 4 pole motors within 10 seconds or an increase in vibration and rotor deflection and decrease in rotor stability leading to mechanical seal and/or shaft failure and/or pump seizure can occur. • Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks.4°C) per minute. Startup. Leaking fluid can cause fire and/or burns. Assure balance line is installed and either piped to the pump suction or back to the suction vessel to avoid vaporization of pumped fluid. Operation. WARNING: • Failure to follow these precautions before you start the unit will lead to serious personal injury and equipment failure. and Shutdown Preparation for startup DANGER: Avoid death or serious injury. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. • Avoid death or serious injury. Precautions NOTICE: • Verify the driver settings before you start any pump. • Avoid death or serious injury.5°F (1. and Shutdown Commissioning. Never operate pump past the pressure and temperature limits shown on the nameplate on the pump. and breach of containment. Operating the pump above maximum rated flow shown on the pump curve leading to an increase in horsepower and vibration along with an increase in NPSHr resulting in mechanical seal and/or shaft failure and/or loss of prime. Operation. Leaking fluid can cause fire and/or burns. and local rules. Explosion and/or seizure of pump can cause fire and/or burns. • Do not operate the pump below the minimum rated flows or with the suction or discharge valves closed. You must follow these precautions before you start the pump: • Flush and clean the system thoroughly to remove dirt or debris in the pipe system in order to prevent premature failure at initial startup. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. Operation. • Bring variable-speed drivers to the rated speed as quickly as possible. • Make sure that the warm-up rate does not exceed 2. • Avoid death or serious injury. 28 Model 3171 Installation. • Operating the pump in reverse rotation can result in the contact of metal parts. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. Explosion and/or seizure of pump can cause fire and/or burns. • Run a new or rebuilt pump at a speed that provides enough flow to flush and cool the close-running surfaces of the stuffing-box bushing. DANGER: Avoid death or serious injury. national. Leaking fluid can cause fire and/or burns.Commissioning. Assure all openings are sealed off prior to filling pump.

Make sure that everyone is clear. 1. Startup. 6. and breach of containment. Pure oil-mist lubrication Pure oil-mist lubrication is an option only available on the API 3171. sparks.Frame Mounted WARNING: • Operating the pump in reverse rotation can result in the contact of metal parts. national. Make sure that the coupling hubs are fastened securely to the shafts. and Shutdown • If temperatures of the pumped fluid will exceed 200°F (93°C). the casing vent can be included in warm-up circuit but not required). Operation. Grease lubrication This pump comes with a grease-lubricated duplex thrust bearing. heat generation. Accomplish this by flowing fluid from pump inlet to discharge drain (optionally. Make sure that the coupling spacer is removed. • Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. The bearing is pre-lubricated at the factory with a lithium-based grease. The pump ships with the coupling spacer removed. Flush the steady bearings There are five 1/4-in. At initial startup. and then jog the driver long enough to determine that the direction of rotation corresponds to the arrow on the bearing housing or close-coupled frame. and premature failure. Soak for (2) hours at process fluid temperature. then uncouple the unit and refer to instructions supplied by the driver manufacturer. NPT pipe plugs on the standard support plate that you use to connect the flush lines. 2. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. Operation. 4. Lock out power to the driver. The water source must be able to deliver 1 to 2 GPM to each bearing. If the settings have not been verified. Regrease the bearing according to the schedule in the Maintenance chapter. Thrust bearing lubrication WARNING: Make sure to properly lubricate the bearings.Commissioning. and local rules. 3. Lock out power to the driver. Model 3171 Installation. Connect an external source of clean water to the taps. 2. 1. 5. do not adjust the variable-speed drivers or check for speed governor or overspeed trip settings while the variable-speed driver is coupled to the pump. Failure to do so can result in excess heat generation. Pumps with less than five bearings still have five plugs. Check the rotation . state. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. Remove the plugs from the holes that are connected to flush lines. but only the required number are connected to bearings. and Maintenance Manual 29 . Unlock power to the driver. Circulate a small amount of fluid through the pump until the casing temperature is within 100°F (38°C) of the fluid temperature. then warm up the pump prior to operation. Each plug connects with each of the five bearings.

steady bearings Lip seal Retaining ring. Fit a pressurized grease gun to the top zerk fitting and pump the grease cup full until a small amount of grease starts to come out of the side vent of the housing. 123 197 213 333H 369 Deflector Steady bearings Housing. but the grease cups ship in a separate box in order to prevent shipping damage. Sealed bearings Sealed bearings have a lip seal above and below the bearing in order to keep grit out of the bearing. then the grease reservoir is empty and you must refill it. and Shutdown 3. Fill the grease cups with grease and screw the cups into the taps that are connected to the bearings. If the stem immediately recedes into the housing and the bearing has been purged. the spring-operated automatic grease cups are designed to maintain constant lubrication of the intermediate pump bearings that are fixed to the vertical pump housing. 4. Operation. then complete these steps: a) Unthread the top lid in order to remove the top of the grease cup. Allow the internal spring pressure to push grease into the bearing lube line. 3. and Maintenance Manual . Frequently inspect the grease cups after startup in order to check usage and establish the best relubrication interval. After the wing nut is threaded against the stem zerk fitting and the bottom of the wing nut rests on the cap of the grease cup. b) Inspect the plunger for defects. Operation. Sealed bearings use a spring-loaded grease cup for lubrication. Fill the housing 1. Turn on the water in order to begin the flush. The center stem protrudes out of the housing when the cup is full and gradually moves down into the housing as the grease is used.Commissioning. If all the grease is found on the reverse (or back side) of the plunger. Refill the cups with fresh grease as needed. then it is defective and must be replaced. Unthread the wing nut completely against the zerk fitting of the center stem. The bearings are prelubricated at the factory. 2. Adjust the flow (preferred method) 1. Unthread the wing nut in order to energize the grease cup. Startup. steady bearing Lubricate the sealed bearings with grease cups For models with grease-lubricated bearings. 30 Model 3171 Installation. Turn the wing nut clockwise until the center stem is raised all the way and the wing nut does not turn any further.

Adjust the flow (alternate method) This method provides a more precise amount of grease to the bearings independent of changing operating temperatures and surrounding conditions. and Shutdown 2. such as plan 23. Shaft sealing with a stuffing box This pump is a sealless design. Otherwise. Model 3171 Installation. Operation. Failure to do so will result in excess heat generation and seal failure. However. make sure that all areas that could leak pumped fluid to the work environment are closed. Prior to startup. Back off the wing nut several turns for every 2 to 3 days of operation. require manual venting prior to operation. Air can then circulate around the bearing in order to keep it cool. 2. Unlock the hex nut of the throttling screw and turn the slotted screw clockwise approximately one-half turn at a time. 3. and premature failure. Cartridge-type mechanical seals Cartridge-type mechanical seals are commonly used. The upper stuffing box is also used to minimize vapor emissions when the pump handles controlled substances. NOTICE: • The mechanical seal must have an appropriate seal-flush system.Commissioning. If the grease in the grease cup is completely consumed in 1 to 2 weeks of operation. allowing the seal to slide into place. 1. Operation. you must have a more controlled maintenance schedule in order to make sure this is done on a regular basis. refer to the instructions provided by the seal manufacturer for installation and setting. Shaft sealing with a mechanical seal Precautions WARNING: The mechanical seal used in an Ex-classified environment must be properly certified. and Maintenance Manual 31 . sparks. Cartridge seals installed by the user require disengagement of the holding clips prior to operation. • Cooling systems such as those for bearing lubrication and mechanical-seal systems must be operating properly to prevent excess heat generation. Relock the hex nut and monitor the stem movement. • Sealing systems that are not self-purging or self-venting. Cartridge seals are preset by the seal manufacturer and require no field settings. when temperatures exceed 180°F (82°C). excess heat generation and seal failure can occur. Leave the throttling screw locked and open. you must move the thrust bearing away from the heat source in the pump by adding the upper stuffing box. Startup. Therefore. Customers should always check to make sure the clips have been disengaged before starting the pump. Other mechanical seal types For other types of mechanical seals. then the flow is correct and will maintain the proper amount of grease to the bearings. Shipping Pumps may be shipped with or without a mechanical seal installed.

015" (0. Loosen the jam nuts (415) on the jack bolts (370D) . and then back the bolts out about two turns.Commissioning. and equipment damage. WARNING: • The impeller clearance setting procedure must be followed. The "steam in" line is connected to an appropriate source of steam. Impeller-clearance setting Importance of a proper impeller clearance A proper impeller clearance ensures that the pump runs at high performance. and the "steam out/condensate" connections are made as dictated by the installation requirements. Turn the shaft to ensure that there is contact between the impeller and the casing. Operation. Set the impeller clearance . Startup. and Shutdown Steam jacket pumps (molten sulfur construction) The steam jacketed connections are located on the support plate. Improperly setting the clearance or not following any of the proper procedures can result in sparks. state. bringing the bearing housing (134A) towards the frame (228) until the impeller contacts the casing. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. and local rules. unexpected heat generation. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. 1. Remove the coupling guard. moving the bearing housing (134A) away from the bearing frame until the indicator shows a clearance of 0. 7. national. 8.381 mm). 4.dial indicator method WARNING: Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks. 6. Tighten the locking bolts evenly (370C). 2. Tighten the jack bolts evenly about one flat at a time. Operation. 32 Model 3171 Installation. A suitable trap should be used. Thread in the jack bolts (370D) until the jack bolts evenly contact the bearing frame. • A—Dial indicator 3. Set the indicator so that the button contacts either the shaft end or the face of the coupling. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. and Maintenance Manual . 5. Set the indicator to zero and loosen the locking bolt (370C) about one turn.

Commissioning. • A—Feeler guage 7. Replace the coupling. if required. Tighten the jack bolts (370D) evenly until the bearing shell (134) is tight against the locking bolts. Make sure all bolts are tight. Evenly tighten the jam nuts (415). Model 3171 Installation. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. and local rules. Make sure the shaft turns freely. 2. Set the impeller clearance . 9.015" feeler gauge can be inserted between the underside of the bolt head and the bearing shell (134). 6. Turn the shaft to ensure that there is contact between the impeller and the suction cover. 3. 4. 11. 8. Remove the coupling. Loosen the jam nuts (415) on the jack bolts (370D). Operation. state. Make sure to keep the indicator reading at the proper setting. and Shutdown 9. 10. Startup. Make sure the shaft turns freely. Evenly tighten the locking bolts (370C) in several turns until the impeller contacts the suction cover (182). Operation. 5. Lock out the driver power and remove the coupling guard. Tighten the bolts evenly in this order: a) Tighten the locking bolts (370C). Loosen the locking bolts (370C) until a 0.feeler gauge method WARNING: Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks. 1. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. b) Tighten the jack bolts (370D). and then back the bolts out about two turns. 10. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. and Maintenance Manual 33 . national. Replace the coupling guard.

state. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. Fully submerge the pump casing prior to starting the pump. Install the coupling guard WARNING: • Never operate the pump without the coupling guard correctly installed. because the motor and coupling are also not installed. and Maintenance Manual . Ensure the suction supply line has adequate fluid head to prime the pump. This pump is shipped without the coupling guard installed. 2.Commissioning. Operation. Startup. Never start the pump until it has been properly primed. • The coupling used in an Ex-classified environment must be properly certified and must be constructed from a non-sparking material. For dry pit/outside tank mount units: 1. and local rules. Slowly open the suction valve. • Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks. and Shutdown Pump priming WARNING: These pumps are not self priming and must be fully primed at all times during operation. 34 Model 3171 Installation. Loss of prime can lead to excessive heat and severe damage to the pump and seal. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. Install the two guard springs (501L). CAUTION: Do not run the pump dry. 1. Wrap the expanded metal shield (501) around the motor support. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. Operation. national. 2.

excessive vibration. 6. Start the driver. 5. After the pump is brought to temperature for the first time. stop the driver. Operation. reprime. and excessive noise. 1. then shut down the pump immediately and correct the problem. • Observe the pump for vibration levels. and Shutdown Start the pump WARNING: Immediately observe the pressure gauges. 3. CAUTION: • Immediately observe the pressure gauges. shut the unit down temporarily and re-adjust the impeller clearance. Close coupled pumps do not have oil lubricated bearings. Model 3171 Installation. depending on system conditions. ensure that the oil level is correct prior to starting pump. c) Restart the driver. Immediately check the pressure gauge to ensure that the pump quickly reaches the correct discharge pressure. 4. • On pure or purge-oil mist-lubricated units. shut down the pump and resolve the issue. stop the driver immediately. • On frame mounted units. and Maintenance Manual 35 . bearing temperature. and attempt to restart the pump. Slowly open the discharge valve until the pump reaches the desired flow. • Ensure all flush and cooling systems are operating correctly prior to starting pump. b) Prime the pump again. If normal levels are exceeded. b) If the pump exceeds normal levels. Monitor the pump while it is operating: a) Check the pump for bearing temperature. and attempt to restart the pump. and noise. If the pump fails to reach the correct pressure. Fully close or partially open the discharge valve. perform these steps: a) Stop the driver. See Troubleshooting for information about possible solutions to this problem. Repeat steps 5 and 6 until the pump runs properly. A pump can exceed normal levels for several reasons. Startup. reprime. remove the viewing port plugs to verify that oil mist flowing properly. If discharge pressure is not quickly attained.Commissioning. 8. Operation. Replace the plugs. 7. If discharge pressure is not quickly attained. 2.

Slowly close the discharge valve. high temperature. refer to HI Centrifugal Pumps for Design and Application ANSI/HI 1.Commissioning. and Shutdown Pump operation precautions General considerations CAUTION: • Vary the capacity with the regulating valve in the discharge line. CAUTION: • The pump and system must be free of foreign objects. Failure to do so can cause rotating parts to score or seize. For maximum flow refer to the pump performance curve. and equipment damage. Never throttle the flow from the suction side since this can result in decreased performance. Failure to do so can cause stress on the shaft and bearings. can cause confined pumped fluid to overheat. Operation under freezing conditions NOTICE: Do not expose an idle pump to freezing conditions. explosive. Wear the proper personal protective equipment. Drain all liquid that is inside the pump. Do not overload the driver. even for a brief period under these conditions. and other risks. shut down and unplug prior to restarting pump. Driver overload can result in unexpected heat generation and equipment damage. • Do not operate pump below hydraulic or thermal minimum flow. • Avoid increased radial load. The driver can overload in these circumstances: • The specific gravity of the pumped fluid is greater than expected. stuffing box or seal chamber. • Make sure to operate the pump at or near the rated conditions. • Avoid cavitation. and Maintenance Manual . Operation at reduced capacity WARNING: Never operate any pumping system with a blocked suction and discharge. 36 Model 3171 Installation. If pump becomes plugged shut down and unplug prior to restarting pump. 1. • Do not overload the driver. caustic. • Avoid heat build-up. • Do not operate pump past the maximum flow. The driver can overload in these circumstances: • The specific gravity of the pumped fluid is greater than expected. For hydraulic minimum flows refer to technical manual and pump performance curve. Operation. Driver overload can result in unexpected heat generation and equipment damage. and the mechanical seal. Excessive vibration levels can damage the bearings. Operation.3-2000. acidic. unexpected heat generation. but are not limited to. To calculate thermal minimum flow. Failure to do so can cause damage to the internal surfaces of the pump. • Avoid excessive vibration levels. Operation. You must take all necessary measures to avoid this condition. • The pumped fluid exceeds the rated flow rate. If pump becomes plugged. You must handle and dispose of pumped fluid in compliance with the applicable environmental regulations. Startup. which results in a violent explosion. Identify the contents of the pump and observe proper decontamination procedures in order to eliminate the possible exposure to any hazardous or toxic fluids. Potential hazards include. flammable. Failure to do so can cause liquid to freeze and damage the pump. • The pumped fluid exceeds the rated flow rate. Shut down the pump WARNING: The pump can handle hazardous and toxic fluids. Failure to do so can result in pump damage from cavitation or recirculation. which can result in decreased performance.

driver. Shut down and lock the driver to prevent accidental rotation. For initial alignment instructions. 3. Startup. Shut down the pump and the driver. Remove the coupling guard. See Remove the coupling guard in the Maintenance chapter. Reinstall the coupling guard. • Alignment procedures must be followed to prevent unintended contact of rotating parts. see the Installation chapter. Operation. state.Commissioning. Restart the pump and driver. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. You must check the final alignment after the pump and driver are at operating temperature. Model 3171 Installation. and local rules. 2. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. Run the unit under actual operating conditions for enough time to bring the pump. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. 5. Make the final alignment of the pump and driver WARNING: • Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks. and Shutdown 2. Follow the coupling installation and operation procedures from the coupling manufacturer. 4. See Pump-to-driver alignment in the Installation chapter. • Follow shaft alignment procedures in order to prevent catastrophic failure of drive components or unintended contact of rotating parts. national. and Maintenance Manual 37 . Follow coupling manufacturer’s installation and operation procedures. Check the alignment while the unit is still hot. and associated system to operating temperature. 6. Operation. 1.

• Check the shaft alignment. Three-month inspections Perform these tasks every three months: • Check that the foundation and the hold-down bolts are tight. then perform these steps: 1. and the process requirements have not changed. Disassemble the pump. • Check the seal chamber and stuffing box for leaks. Routine maintenance Perform these tasks whenever you perform routine maintenance: • Lubricate the thrust bearings. Annual inspections Perform these inspections one time each year: • Check the pump capacity. if present. 38 Model 3171 Installation. Replace worn parts. • Inspect the discharge pressure. and bearing temperatures. 3. • Check the pump pressure. • Check the pump and piping for leaks. and realign as required. • Adjust or replace the packing in the stuffing box if you notice excessive leaking. • Analyze the vibration. Operation. Routine inspections Perform these tasks whenever you check the pump during routine inspections: • Check for unusual noise. 2. • Check the packing if the pump has been left idle.Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance schedule Maintenance inspections A maintenance schedule includes these types of inspections: • Routine maintenance • Routine inspections • Three-month inspections • Annual inspections Shorten the inspection intervals appropriately if the pumped fluid is abrasive or corrosive or if the environment is classified as potentially explosive. • Ensure that there are no leaks from the mechanical seal. vibration. and Maintenance Manual . Inspect it. • Inspect the temperature. If the pump performance does not satisfy your process requirements. • Inspect the seal or packing. and replace as required. • Check the pump power.

Table 2: Lubricating intervals in operating hours Drive-unit size Below 1800 RPM 1800 RPM group S/ST 2.000 1. If the pump is ATEX-certified and the temperature of the pumped fluid exceeds the permitted temperature values. Refer to "Reassembly" section for proper bearing greasing procedure.200 3000 RPM 3600 RPM 1. 2.Maintenance Bearing maintenance These bearing lubrication sections list different temperatures of the pumped fluid.000 1. This table shows which brand of grease to use when lubricating the pump. Operation. Flush out the bearings and bearing frame with a light oil to remove contaminants. High temperature units that can pump fluids with a temperature greater than 350°F (177°C) use Mobil SCH32. Failure to do so may result in equipment damage or decreased performance.800 L 2.000 2. Thrust bearings The pump comes with a grease-lubricated duplex thrust bearing. Brand When temperature of pumped When temperature of pumped fluid is less than 350°F (177°C) fluid is greater than350°F âM M NLGI consistency 2 (177°C) âM M NLGI consistency 3 Mobil Mobilux EP2 SCH32 Exxon Unirex N2 Unirex N3 Sunoco Mutipurpose 2EP N/A SKF LGMT 2 LGMT 3 Model 3171 Installation. then consult your ITT representative. 3. The bearing is pre-lubricated at the factory. Bearing temperature Type of grease 5°F to 230°F (-15°C to 110°C) Use a lithium-based mineral-oil grease with a consistency of NLGI 2. This table shows the type of grease required for the operating temperature of the pump. Regrease the bearing according to the schedule in the following table. During flushing. Lubricating-grease requirements Precautions NOTICE: • Never mix greases of different consistencies (NLGI 1 or 3 with NLGI 2) or with different thickeners. and Maintenance Manual 39 . Grease recommendations based on temperature Most pumps use Sunoco 2EP grease.200 800 — 750 450 — Lubricate the bearings after a shutdown period 1. make sure to rotate the shaft slowly by hand. Doing so may result in decreased performance. Exceed 350°F (177°C) Use a high-temperature grease. never mix a lithium-based grease with a polyurea-based grease. Bearing temperature Bearing temperatures are generally about 20°F (18°C) greater than bearing-housing outer surface temperatures. Flush the bearing housing with the proper lubricating oil to ensure oil quality after cleaning. For example.000 M/MT 2. • Remove the bearings and old grease if you need to change the grease type or consistency. Mineral-oil greases should have oxidation stabilizers and a consistency of NGLI 3.

3. such as those for bearing lubrication and mechanical-seal systems. 1. CAUTION: Never operate the pump without liquid supplied to mechanical seal. Reinstall the grease-relief plugs. If they are not. 5. If the ID is greater than what is allowed. • Cooling systems. 2. Cartridge seals installed by the user require 40 Model 3171 Installation. the greasing device. The bearing ID is slightly larger before you press it into the housing in order to allow for ID shrinkage after you press it in place. If you run a mechanical seal dry. then you must also remove the lip seals (333H). Steady bearings Check the ID of the casing collar (155) and steady bearing (197) per the dimensions in the Bearing fits and tolerances table. If sealed bearings are provided. even for a few seconds. and Maintenance Manual . must be operating properly to prevent excess heat generation. press them in place with the drains located at the bottom. 6. The bearing temperature usually rises after you regrease due to an excess supply of grease. sparks. and the fittings are clean. Physical injury can occur if a mechanical seal fails. NOTICE: • Sealing systems that are not self-purging or self-venting. Failure to do this can result in impurities entering the bearing housing when you regrease the bearings. Cartridge seals are preset by the seal manufacturer and require no field settings. Temperatures return to normal in about two to four operating hours as the pump runs and purges the excess grease from the bearings. Wipe off any excess grease. such as plan 23. this can cause seal damage. Remove the two grease-relief plugs from the bottom of the frame. 4. Wipe dirt from the grease fittings. Shaft-seal maintenance Mechanical-seal maintenance WARNING: The mechanical seal used in an Ex-classified environment must be properly certified. remove the snap ring (369) and use a suitable hydraulic press in order to remove these items for replacement. Make sure that the frame seals are seated in the bearing housing. make sure that all areas that could leak pumped fluid to the work environment are closed. Cartridge-type mechanical seals Cartridge-type mechanical seals are commonly used. Prior to startup. • The mechanical seal must have an appropriate seal flush system or excess heat generation and seal failure can occur. Operation. Failure to do so will result in excess heat generation and seal failure. 7. require manual venting prior to operation. and premature failure. Fill both of the grease cavities through the fittings with a recommended grease until the fresh grease comes out of the relief holes.Maintenance Regrease the thrust bearing NOTICE: Make sure that the grease container. Recheck the alignment.

Packed stuffing-box maintenance WARNING: • Packed stuffing boxes are not allowed in an ATEX-classified environment. • Never attempt to replace the packing until the driver is properly locked out and the coupling spacer is removed. refer to the instructions provided by the seal manufacturer for installation and setting. Other mechanical seal types For other types of mechanical seals. Keep this drawing for future use when you perform maintenance and seal adjustments. Periodically make several turns on the grease-cup cap while you inject fresh grease into the stuffing box. keep the seal faces lubricated with oil at all times. Keep the grease cup full at all times. Excessive pressure can wear out packing prematurely and seriously damage the shaft. Before you start the pump Check the seal and all flush piping. Check the pump daily upon initial operation. Operation. these clips have already been disengaged.Maintenance disengagement of the holding clips prior to operation. Packing replacement Replace the packing in this sequence: 1. The seal drawing specifies the required flush fluid and attachment points. and Maintenance Manual 41 . If the seal has been installed in the pump by ITT. Two rings of packing 4. allowing the seal to slide into place. Lubrication intervals The lubrication intervals vary and depend upon the temperature and gland tightness. and extend this interval as required. NOTICE: Do not over-tighten the stuffing box. If the pump is shipped with oil-lubricated seals. Reference drawing The manufacturer supplies a reference drawing with the data package. Lantern ring 3. Three rings of packing 2. Gland Model 3171 Installation.

NOTICE: • Avoid injury. • Always disconnect and lock out power to the driver before you perform any installation or maintenance tasks. you need these tools: • Bearing puller • Brass drift punch • Cleaning agents and solvents • Dial indicators • Feeler gauges • Hydraulic press • Induction heater • Lifting sling • Micrometer • Rubber mallet • Screwdriver • Snap-ring pliers • Torque wrench with sockets • Wrenches Drain the pump CAUTION: • Allow all system and pump components to cool before you handle them to prevent physical injury. national.Maintenance Disassembly Disassembly precautions WARNING: • This manual clearly identifies accepted methods for disassembling units. or their retaining devices to aid in their removal unless explicitly stated in this manual. You must handle and dispose of pumped fluid in compliance with the applicable environmental regulations. Use proper lifting methods and wear steel-toed shoes at all times. Never apply heat to impellers. The unit and the components can be heavy. Tools required In order to disassemble the pump. state. • Electrical connections must be made by certified electricians in compliance with all international. • Make sure that all replacement parts are available before you disassemble the pump for overhaul. high temperature. • A small amount of liquid will be present in certain areas like the seal chamber. caustic. flammable. • The pump can handle hazardous and toxic fluids. • Refer to driver/coupling/gear manufacturers installation and operation manuals (IOM) for specific instructions and recommendations. Identify the contents of the pump and observe proper decontamination procedures in order to eliminate the possible exposure to any hazardous or toxic fluids. 42 Model 3171 Installation. Potential hazards include. and local rules. and other risks. explosive. acidic. Failure to disconnect and lock out driver power will result in serious physical injury. but are not limited to. Trapped liquid can rapidly expand and result in a violent explosion and injury. Wear appropriate gloves while handling these parts. propellers. • Crush hazard. Wear the proper personal protective equipment. and Maintenance Manual . Operation. Worn pump components can have sharp edges. These methods must be adhered to.

2. Do not proceed until liquid stops coming out of the drain valve. If liquid continues to flow from the drain valve. Use properly-sized slings in order to lift the pump from the sump. and Maintenance Manual 43 . Place the sling on the motor lifting lugs and remove the motor.Maintenance 1. 6. 2. 3. 5. Disconnect all auxiliary piping and tubing. the isolation valves are not sealing properly and you must repair them before you proceed. 5. 3. Disconnect the coupling. Lay the pump horizontally on proper supports where there is sufficient clearance to disassemble the pump. Remove the coupling guard. Drain the liquid from the piping and flush the pump if it is necessary. 4. Leave the drain valve open. Open the drain valve. Refer to the Installation chapter for the proper handling procedure. Model 3171 Installation. Do not close the drain valve until the reassembly is complete. 7. 6. Operation. Remove the pump from the sump 1. Close the isolation valves on the suction and discharge sides of the pump. 4. Remove the support plate anchor bolts. Remove the motor bolts (371). You must drain the system if no valves are installed. Attach the eyebolts to the support plate.

Operation. 11. Replace the gasket during reassembly. 9. 10. Remove the bolts (317N) in order to remove the strainer (187). Loosen and remove the impeller nut. 2. Remove and discard the suction cover gasket (351). The sharp edges can cause physical injury. Disconnect any steady bearing flush tubing (190). Use a spanning-type puller if required. and Maintenance Manual . 44 Model 3171 Installation. Loosen the set screw at the end of the impeller nut. Remove the suction cover (182). Remove the impeller CAUTION: Wear heavy work gloves when you handle impellers. 1. Pull the impeller from the shaft.Maintenance 7. Remove the discharge elbow-casing bolts (370H). 3. The impeller nut has left-hand threads. 8.

then skip this step since you do not have any column extension (306) or steady bearing housing (213). It is not necessary to remove the head column (192). c) Remove the adapter (108) to column bolts. 5. Disassemble the column 1. Remove the pump half coupling hub (233) and key. and Maintenance Manual 45 . Save the key for reassembly unless it is damaged. Refer to inspection procedures prior to removal. If your pump has no intermediate steady bearings (only one column section).Maintenance 4. Operation. Remove the impeller key. b) Remove casing. Support the shaft in order to prevent bending while you remove these sections. steady bearing housings (213). a) Start at the casing end of the pump and remove the column extensions (306). Do not remove the steady bearings at this time. 3. and deflectors (123) one at a time. 2. Model 3171 Installation. Remove the locking bolts (370C) and then slide bearing shell (134) assembly with the shaft out through the motor support (240). Remove the column down to the steady bearing housing bolts (372B). Do not remove steady bearing (197) at this time. do the following: a) Remove the casing (100) to adapter (108) bolts. Do not remove casing collar (155) at this time. d) Remove the adapter. For L group models only.

Set the shaft on a table where it is adequately supported. 7. Use a screwdriver in order to pry the labyrinth seal (332A) from the bearing shell (134). 8. Improper handling can bend the shaft. Inspect the casing for cracks and excessive wear or pitting. 9. Thoroughly clean gasket surfaces and alignment fits in order to remove rust and debris. Remove the bearing retaining ring (361A). (3. and Maintenance Manual . Repair or replace the casing if you notice any of these conditions: • Localized wear or grooving that is greater than 1/8 in. You do not need to disassemble the pump any further unless you need to replace bad parts.Maintenance CAUTION: Two people should handle any shaft over 9 feet long. 6. Operation. Use a suitable bearing puller in order to remove the bearing (112). 5. Slide the bearing shell (134) off the bearing and shaft. 4. NOTICE: We recommend that you replace the labyrinth seal every time the pump is inspected. Make sure to save the bearing for inspection. Leaking fluid can cause fire and/or burns. Preassembly inspections Replacement guidelines Casing check and replacement WARNING: Avoid death or serious injury. (3. Remove the locknut (136) and the lockwasher (382).2 mm) deep • Pitting that is greater than 1/8 in.2 mm) deep • Irregularities in the casing-gasket seat surface 46 Model 3171 Installation. Inspect and assure gasket sealing surfaces are not damaged and repair or replace as necessary.

Shaft replacement guidelines Shaft measurement check Check the bearing fits of the shaft.Maintenance Impeller replacement This table shows the criteria for replacing the impeller: Impeller parts Vane edges When to replace When you see cracks. or corrosion damage Gaskets. skin cut them in a lathe while you maintain dimensional relationships with other surfaces. 192) for any cracks or excessive corrosion damage.001 in. (0. Motor support Inspect the motor support (240) for any cracks or excessive corrosion damage. They must be smooth and free of physical defects. and Maintenance Manual 47 . then replace the shaft. Column sections Inspect the column section(s) (306. Replace the shaft if runout exceeds 0. Use "V" blocks or balance rollers to support the shaft on the bearing fit areas. pitting. Operation. Shaft surface check Check the shaft surface for damage. O-rings. In order to repair worn seats. Replace if necessary. NOTICE: Do not use shaft centers for the runout check as they may have been damaged during the removal of the bearings or impeller. and seats replacement WARNING: Avoid death or serious injury. • Replace parts if the seats are defective. especially in areas indicated by the arrows in the following figure. If any are outside the tolerances shown in the Bearing fits and tolerances table. Replace the shaft if it is damaged beyond reasonable repair. • Replace all gaskets and O-rings at each overhaul and disassembly.03 mm). • Inspect the seats. Leaking fluid can cause fire and/or burns. Replace if necessary. Replace any damaged or worn gaskets/o-rings. The condition of the bearings provides useful information on operating conditions in the bearing frame. Model 3171 Installation. Shaft straightness check Check the shaft straightness. Bearings inspection Condition of bearings Do not reuse bearings.

678–1.004–0. • Inspect the ball bearings to see if they are loose. 2. Descripti Bearing ID (pressed into Housing bore Running clearance (1/2 on place) diametrical clearance) S/ST M/MT L S/ST M/MT L S/ST M/MT L Carbon 1. 0.048– (0. 2.129–1.224) 53. 1.048– (42.0065–0 134 635 260 623 123 996 .5442/3. 0.005 in.994–2.048– (0.0005 . 0. 0. or noisy when you rotate them.4416/2. 0. • Investigate any bearing damage to determine the cause.621–1.5755/1.737–0.627–1.851–0.328) 41.183–1. Attach the motor support (240): 48 Model 3171 Installation. 2.9998) 4.633–1.811–1. 1.372– (0.098) 089) 102) 102) Bronze 1.152–0.Maintenance Checklist Perform these checks when you inspect the bearings: • Inspect the bearings for contamination and damage. 2.0335–0 0.226) 42.0166/61.9848/0.799) 58.001 004 mer (28.098) 013) 025) 102) Rulon 1.102–1.804) 41.005–0.0035–0 0. (0.031–0.873– (76.453) 57. 2.029–0.173– (53.621–1. (0. 1.004–0. 2.0005 in. 3.702) 41.0177/40.002 in.0065–0 134 635 260 .126) 57.121–2.472) 46.089–0.0055–0 131 631 258 623 123 996 002 002 .924) 76. 0. correct the issue before you return the pump to service.098) 051) 051) 076) Fluted 1. elasto130 632 257 623 123 996 . 0.299–2. then attach the stuffing box (221) to support plate (189) with bolts (370L).5749 (40. • Impeller end: 0. 28. 30.994–2.004 (28.873– (76.029 0265 0245 (30.1660/2.0055–0 0. 2.0035 004 .404) 089) 102) 102) Casing 1. 2.0139/25.633–1.0035 004 ./ft.114–0.804) 41.243–2.529) 57.0038) 1. (0.140–0.478– (57. (0. (0.132–1. 1. Operation. (0. 0.787–0. 0.0055–0 0.121–2. 1.165–0.972– (82.0226/119.395– (45.132–1.353– (41.7240 (120. 2.9896) Shaft runout tolerances The following shaft runout tolerances apply to all size groups: • Coupling end: 0.258–2.126–1.0037) Shell ID 2. 2.0045–0 0. (0.003 (28.140–0.302– (41. 1. 28.677– 41.127–0.753– (41.173– (53.924) 76. 28.048– (0.9844 (25. 1. collar 190 685 306 816 245 245 .621–1.258–2.999– (56. 2.023) 82.224) 53. (0. (0.102–1. 28.7253/4.0025) 2. (0.0227/89. (0.753– (41.006–0.353) 41.353– (0.1655 (55.173– (53.5433 (90.121–2. 1.994–2.727) 1.600– (41.377–4 (57.051 mm) • Shaft body: 0.4409 (62.9989) 3.478– (57.529) 57. (0. 2.253–2.256–2.004 (28. 2.427 57.224) 53. 0. 1. If the cause is not normal wear. • Note any lubricant condition and residue.140–0.924) 76.127 mm) Reassembly Assemble the column and support plate 1.165–0.0164/55. Bearing fits and tolerances Table 3: Steady bearing tolerances This table references the bearing fits and tolerances according to ISO 286 (ANSI/ABMA Standard 7) in inches (millimeters).404) 41. If you use the optional stuffing box.629–1.423) 737) 673) 622) Table 4: Thrust bearing fits Group S/ST M/MT L Shaft OD 0.326– (57.243–3.226– (41.152–0.006–0.873– (76. and Maintenance Manual . rough.621– (58.

You use the stuffing box You do not use the stuffing box Then. 1.. 3. and Maintenance Manual 49 .. Assemble the rotating element CAUTION: Two people should handle any shaft over 9 feet long. The recommended method is to use an induction heater that heats as well as demagnetizes the bearing.. For all groups except S/ST. Install the thrust bearing (112) on the shaft. Improper handling can bend the shaft..Maintenance If . 2. Make sure that the vent holes are closer to the motor support. install the retaining ring (369A) on the shaft (122).. Bearings get hot and can cause physical injury. You use the stuffing box You do not use the stuffing box Then.. Attach the head column (192) to the motor support with bolts (370M). Attach the motor support (240) to the support plate (189) with bolts (370J). There are several methods that you can use in order to install bearings. Operation.. Attach the head column (192): If. Model 3171 Installation. Attach the motor support (240) to the stuffing box with bolts (370J). Attach the head column (192) to the stuffing box with bolts (370M).. CAUTION: Wear insulated gloves when you use a bearing heater.

b) Use a hydraulic press in order to press out the old steady bearing (197). slide the shaft horizontally through the motor support. Install the lockwasher (382) on the shaft (122). then use an extra-long bolt in this hole. 8. 1. Support the shaft and column with suitable stands. 9. 5. and the holes in the bearing do not need to line up with the holes in the housing. Operation. 11. Slide the bearing shell onto the pump-end of the shaft and over the bearing. A snap ring (369) is no longer required due to the fits. Install the suction cover gasket (351). Tighten the locknut if necessary to align a lockwasher tab with a locknut slot. suction cover (182). if applicable. The impeller screw has a nylon insert to lock it in place. Assemble the impeller.Maintenance 3. With the support plate in a vertical position. Thread the locknut (136) onto the shaft and tighten the locknut until it is snug. and strainer (187) with bolts (317N). Install the impeller washer (199) and impeller screw (198). 6. 50 Model 3171 Installation. If the travel is less than 0. c) Press in the new steady bearing. suction cover. (0. then it is not necessary to reinstall it. Install the bolts (371G). However. then add extra gaskets (351) in order to obtain the minimum travel. Make sure that the tang of lockwasher is in the keyway of the shaft. and Maintenance Manual . Install the hold-down bolts (370C) and jacking bolts (370D) with jam nuts (415). If the unit is supplied with a lower-float control guide arm (366). When you tighten the impeller screw. Check that all of the bearing shell bolts (370C and 370D) are completely backed off.762 mm). Slide the casing assembly onto the shaft and seat the casing flange against the column flange. 10. then you need additional column extensions (306) and steady bearing housings (213). Prepare the steady bearing housing assemblies. Do not exceed these torque values when you tighten the impeller screw: Group S/ST M/MT and L Torque value 500 in-lbs (56 Nm) 900 in-lbs (102 Nm) 4. 6. Press the grease seal (333) into the bearing shell (134). 3. Add a film of oil to the shaft and place the impeller key (178) and impeller (101) on the shaft. You do not need to precisely center the steady bearing. and strainer 1. if applicable. Slide the labyrinth seal (332A) over the coupling-end of the shaft into the bearing shell until it is flush. Make sure to keep the flat side against the bearing. a) Remove the snap ring (369). 3. the snap ring is still required on sealed bearings. If your pump has a snap ring. 2. 4. 2. 7. Insert the retaining ring (361A) in the bearing shell groove. A recessed area inside the housing (213) allows lubricants to find the opening in the bearing. Alloy strainers have extra-heavy spacer washers (533) between the strainer and the suction cover. Install the discharge elbow gasket (351A) and the discharge elbow (315) using bolts (370H). Check the axial travel of the impeller. Bend any tang of the lockwasher into one of the slots on the locknut. Make sure the discharge nozzle is aligned with the discharge pipe hole in the support plate. 5. Assemble the column If intermediate steady bearings are required. the impeller will be seated on the shaft.030 in.

Accurate alignment of the elbow is critical in order to make sure that there is no obstruction to the flow through the connection. Install the discharge pipe (195). if used). and Maintenance Manual 51 . Operation. pipe nuts (242).Maintenance 7. 10. 9. 8. Replace the pump half coupling hub (233) and lubricate the pump bearings. Rotate the shaft by hand in order to make sure that there is no binding. and flange (195S. Connect all auxiliary piping. Make sure that the pipe nuts are tight and that there is no strain on the pump. Model 3171 Installation.

Shorten the suction pipe. The discharge head is higher than expected. The rotation must match the arrow on the bearing housing or pump casing. The suction line has air or vapor pockets. The impeller is worn or broken. The pump and driver are not aligned properly. Repair the leak. sary according to recommendations in the Hydraulic Institute Standards Manual. The pump starts and then stops pumping. against each other. Rearrange the piping in order to eliminate air pockets. Inspect and replace the impeller if necessary. broken. Replace the bearings. The impeller is partly clogged. The strainer is clogged. The motor speed is too low. The float controls are not adjusted properly. or strainer is clogged. Rotating parts are loose. The suction lift is too high. Back-flush the pump in order to clean the impeller. The discharge head it too high. The pump and driver are not aligned properly. Check the amount of NPSH available and required and adjust accordingly. The motor speed is too low. Operation. The shaft is rotating in the wrong direction. and adjust accordingly. Remove obstructions or back-flush the pump. The suction line has air or vapor pockets. the casing and suction pipe must be completely filled. The rotation must match the arrow on the bearing housing or pump casing. The pump is noisy or vibrates. Remove the obstructions. Locate and correct the system problem. The pump is not producing the rated flow or head. or strainer is clogged. Check the lubricant for suitability and level. Cause The pump is not primed.Troubleshooting Troubleshooting Operation troubleshooting Symptom The pump is not delivering liquid. Change the rotation. Change the rotation. Realign the pump and driver. The lubrication was not cooled properly. Check the total head. The bearings are running hot. Re-prime the pump and check that the pump and suction line are full of liquid. The amount of available NPSH is not sufficient. 52 Remedy Make sure the pit is filled with liquid above the casing. discharge pipe. Check the float controls. Model 3171 Installation. The pump is cavitating. Check the total head. The impeller or shaft is broken or bent. Realign the pump and driver. Remove the obstructions. and Maintenance Manual . Tighten the hold-down bolts of the pump and motor. Make sure that the base plate is properly grouted without voids or air pockets. The suction line is clogged. particularly friction loss. The suction line has an air leak. There is not sufficient lubrication. The suction or discharge piping is not anAnchor the suction or discharge piping as neceschored or properly supported. The foundation is not rigid. The suction lift is too high. Check if the bearings are running hot. The shaft is rotating in the wrong direction. Check the cooling system. Remove obstructions or back-flush the pump. discharge pipe. Check the motor speed. The impeller. On dry pit units. Rearrange the piping in order to eliminate air pockets. particularly friction loss. or rubbing Replace parts as necessary. The suction line is clogged. The pump is not primed. Replace the impeller or shaft as necessary. Shorten the suction pipe. Check the sump for large items that the pump may be picking up. The amount of available NPSH is not suffiCheck the amount of NPSH available and required cient. Check the motor speed. The bearings are worn. The impeller.

Check the parts that are wearing for proper clearances. Rotating parts are rubbing against each other. The impeller clearance is too tight. then contact your ITT representative. The motor speed is too high. Cause The discharge head has dropped below the rated point and is pumping too much liquid. If this does not help. Tighten the screws. Replace the shaft. The shaft is bent. Check the specific gravity and viscosity. The runout for the seal-chamber cover is excessive. Check the motor speed. Replace the shaft. Replace or re-machine the sealchamber cover. The flange of the bearing frame is distorted. The runout for the bearing-frame flange is excessive. Replace the bearing-frame flange. Replace the seal-chamber cover. then trim the impeller diameter. 53 . There are too many shims under the thrust bearing end cover. Remedy Install a throttle valve. The runout for the shaft is excessive.Troubleshooting Symptom The motor requires excessive power. Model 3171 Installation. The liquid is heavier than expected. and Maintenance Manual Remedy Replace the bearings with a bearing of the correct type. Replace or re-machine the impeller. If this does not help. The wear ring was machined improperly. Operation. Assembly troubleshooting Table 5: Troubleshooting procedure Symptom There is excessive shaft end play. The runout for the impeller wear ring is excessive. The shaft is bent. The thrust-bearing end cover is loose. (not applicable on 3700LF) Cause The internal clearance of the bearings is excessive. Adjust the impeller clearance. The shaft is bent. Remove the individual shims to obtain the proper thickness. The seal-chamber cover is improperly seated on the frame. There is corrosion or wear on the sealchamber cover. Replace the shaft.

and Maintenance Manual .Parts Listings and Cross-Sectionals Parts Listings and Cross-Sectionals Dimensional drawings Figure 9: 3171 exploded view (part 1 of 2) 54 Model 3171 Installation. Operation.

and Maintenance Manual 55 . Model 3171 Installation. B Hast.Parts Listings and Cross-Sectionals Figure 10: 3171 exploded view (part 2 of 2) Parts list Table 6: Parts list with materials of construction Item Quantity Part name 100 101 112 122 123 134 136 155 178 182 187 189 190 192 193B 195 197 198 199 213 240 242 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 Casing Impeller Thrust bearing Shaft Deflector Bearing shell Bearing locknut Casing bushing Impeller key Suction cover Strainer Support plate 1 Flush tubing Head column Grease fitting Discharge pipe Steady bearings Impeller screw Impeller washer Steady bearing housing Motor support Pipe nut All iron Bronze Carbon CD4-fitted steel fitted 1000 1212 1216 1000 1018 1101 1212 1216 Double row angular contact 2205 EPDM 1000 Steel Carbon-filled PTFE (Teflon) 2229 1000 1212 1216 1000 3211 3201 As specified 6501 6545 Carbon or as specified 6501 Carbon or as specified 2229 2229 1000 1203 1000 1000 316SS Alloy 20 1203 1204 1203 1204 Hast. Nuts and washers are omitted for clarity. C 1217 1217 1215 1215 2216 2221 2263 2264 1203 2230 1204 1204 2247 1217 1217 2248 1215 1215 6506 6519 6548 6506 6519 6548 2230 2230 1204 2247 1217 6548 1215 1204 1217 1215 - 1203 The quantity depends on pump length and speed. Operation.

Parts Listings and Cross-Sectionals Item Quantity Part name 306 315 332A 333 333H 351 351A 361A 369 369A 370C 370D 370G 370H 370L 370M 371 501 501L 1 1 1 1 2/Brg 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 6 4 4 4 4 1 2 All iron Bronze Carbon CD4-fitted steel fitted Column extension 6501 6545 Discharge elbow 1000 1212 1216 Labyrinth seal Carbon Teflon Lip seal Nitrile lip seal Lip seal Nitrile Gasket (suction cover to casing) Nitrile acrylic Gasket (discharge elbow to casing) Nitrile acrylic Retaining ring (thrust bearing) Steel Retaining ring (steady bearing) PH15-7MO Stainless Retaining ring (shaft) M/MT.1 Hastelloy C A890 1A CD4MCuN A494 N-7M Hastelloy B C1045 Carbon Steel Ground and Polished A108 Gr1211 Carbon Steel A276 316 Stainless Ground and Polished A276-91A Stainless B743 20CB3 Carpenter 20 B335 Type B-2 Hastelloy B B574 C-276 Hastelloy C B335 B-2 Hastelloy B Ground and Polished B574 C-276 Hastelloy C Ground and Polished Aluminum A283 Grade D Carbon Steel Plate A240 316 Steel Plate A53 Type F Carbon Steel Schedule 40 Pipe B464 C20CB3 Carpenter 20 Schedule 40 Pipe Red Brass Pipe SPS B622 Hastelloy B Schedule 40 Pipe A312 316L Stainless Steel Schedule 40 Pipe Hastelloy C C-276 Schedule 40 Pipe Model 3171 Installation. C 1217 1215 Viton C-20 Hastelloy 2230 2230 2247 2247 2248 2248 2230 2247 2248 ASTM number A48 CL25B Cast Iron A536-84 60-42-10 Ductile Iron B584 Silicon Brass A743 CF8M 316 Stainless A743 CN7M Alloy 20 A216 WCB Carbon Steel A494-90 CW6M C1. L Groups Only. B Hast. and Maintenance Manual . Operation. Steel Clamp bolt (bearing shell) 2210 Jack bolt (bearing shell) 2210 Bolt (column to casing) 2210 2229 Bold (elbow to casing) 2210 2229 Bolt (motor adapter to support plate) 2210 Bolt (head column to motor support) 2210 2229 Bolt (motor to motor support) 2210 Coupling guard 3122 Guard springs Steel Table 7: Material code cross reference Goulds code 1000 1018 1101 1203 1204 1212 1215 1216 1217 2205 2210 2216 2229 2230 2247 2248 2263 2264 3122 3201 3211 6501 6506 6511 6519 6545 6548 56 316SS Alloy 20 6506 1203 1204 Hast.

Operation. and Maintenance Manual 57 .Parts Listings and Cross-Sectionals Cross-sectional diagrams S/ST and M/MT groups Model 3171 Installation.

and Maintenance Manual . Operation.Parts Listings and Cross-Sectionals L group 58 Model 3171 Installation.

Goulds Pumps Millwey Rise Industrial Estate Axminster. NY 13148 USA ITT Industrial Process 10 Jalan Kilang #06-01 Singapore 159410 ITT .Local ITT Contacts Local ITT Contacts Regional offices Region North America (Headquarters) Asia Pacific Europe Latin America Middle East and Africa Address ITT . Devon.Goulds Pumps 240 Fall Street Seneca Falls.Goulds Pumps Achileos Kyrou 4 Neo Psychiko 115 25 Athens Greece Model 3171 Installation. and Maintenance Manual Telephone +1 315-568-2811 Fax +1 315-568-2418 +65 627-63693 +65 627-63685 +44 1297-630250 +44 1297-630256 +562 544-7000 +562 544-7001 +30 210-677-0770 +30 210-677-5642 59 .Goulds Pumps Camino La Colina # 1448 Condominio Industrial El Rosal Huechuraba Santiago 8580000 Chile ITT . England EX13 5HU ITT . Operation.

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IOM. NY 13148 USA Tel.com Goulds Pumps 240 Fall Street Seneca Falls.2014-07. Form en_US.3171 .gouldspumps. 1-800-446-8537 Fax (315) 568-2418 © 2014 ITT Corporation The original instruction is in English. All non-English instructions are translations of the original instruction.Visit our website for the latest version of this document and more information: http://www.