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For the single-phase circuit shown in the Figure I=100 A.

(a) Compute the phasorsI1,I2, and V,
(b) Draw a phasor diagram showingI,I 1,I2, and V.

2.12 The voltage v(t)= 359.3 cos(t) volts is applied to a load consisting of
a 10-W resistor in parallel with a capacitive reactance XC = 25.
(a) the instantaneous power absorbed by the resistor,
(b) the instantaneous power absorbed by the capacitor,
(c) the real power absorbed by the resistor,
(d) the reactive power delivered by the capacitor,
(e) the load power factor.
2.26 A small manufacturing plant is located 2 km down a transmission line, which
has a series reactance of 0.5 /km. The line resistance is negligible. The line
voltage at the plant is 4800 V (rms), and the plant consumes 120 kW at
0.85 power factor lagging. Determine the voltage and power factor at the
sending end of the transmission line by using:
(a) a complex power approach,
(b) a circuit analysis approach.

A three-phase line with an impedance of (0.2 + j1.0) /phase feeds three

balanced three-phase loads connected in parallel.
Load 1: Absorbs a total of 150 kW and 120 kVAr;
Load 2: Delta connected with an impedance of (150 + j48) /phase;
Load 3: 120 kVA at 0.6 PF leading;
If the line-to-neutral voltage at the load end of the line is 2000V (RMS),
determine the magnitude of the line-to-line voltage at the source end of the


For the circuit shown in Figure 3.31, determine

v out ( t) .


A single-phase 50-kVA, 2400/240-volt, 60-Hz distribution transformer is used

as a step-down transformer at the load end of a 2400-volt feeder whose
series impedance is (1.0 + j2.0) ohms. The equivalent series impedance of
the transformer is (1.0 + j2.5) ohms referred to the high-voltage (primary)
side. The transformer is delivering rated load at 0.8 power factor lagging and
at rated secondary voltage. Neglecting the transformer exciting current,
determine (a) the voltage at the transformer primary terminals, (b) the
voltage at the sending end of the feeder, and (c) the real and reactive power
delivered to the sending end of the feeder.


(a) Consider a medium-length transmission line represented by a nominal p

circuit shown in Figure 5.3 of the text. Draw a phasor diagram for lagging
power-factor condition at the load (receiving end).

(b) Now consider a nominal T-circuit of the medium-length transmission line

shown in Figure 5.18.
(i) Draw the corresponding phasor diagram for lagging power-factor load
(ii) Determine the ABCD parameters in terms of Y and Z, for the nominal Tcircuit and for the nominal p-circuit of part (a).

5.18 A 60-Hz, 230-mile, three-phase overhead transmission line has a series


z=0.8431 e j 79.04 /mi

y=5.105 105 e j 79.04 / mi .

and a shunt admittance

The load at the receiving end is 125 MW at unity power factor and at 215 kV.
Determine the voltage, current, real and reactive power at the sending end
and the percent voltage regulation of the line. Also find the wavelength and
velocity of propagation of the line.

For the line in Problems 5.14 and 5.38, determine: (a) the practical line
loadability in MW, assuming

max 35

V s=1.0 per unit,

; (b) the full-load current at


V R 0.95

per unit, and

p.f. leading, based on the

above practical line loadability; (c) the exact receiving-end voltage for the
full-load current in (b) above; and (d) the percent voltage regulation. For this
line, is loadability determined by the thermal limit, the voltagedrop limit, or
steady-state stability?

Load PowerWorld Simulator case Problem 6_46

( with 5th edition examples). Using a 100 MVA base, each of the
three transmission lines have an impedance of 0:05 j0:1 pu. There is a
single 180 MW load at bus 3, while bus 2 is a PV bus with generation of 80
MW and a voltage setpoint of 1.0 pu. Bus 1 is the system slack with a voltage
setpoint of 1.0 pu. Manually solve this case using the NewtonRaphson
approach with a convergence criteria of 0.1 MVA. Show all your work. Then
verify your solution by solving the case with PowerWorld Simulator

Now assume the generator at bus 2 operating with its reactive power limited
to a maximum of 50 MVAr and repeat the load-flow calculations with bus as a
PQ-bus, both using the Newton-Raphson approach and PowerWorld.