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Bowling History

Bowling is a great sport that has a long and full history. Today, bowling is one of the most popular sports in the world
and is the most participated recreational sport played in the United States.
Evidence of bowling in the past
Bowling can be traced back as far as 3200 BC. A crude form of the game was believed to have existed when a
collection of objects was discovered within an Egyptian boys grave sometime during the 1930s by Sir Flinders
Petrie. There is even strong evidence that a form of bowling was even popular in England in 1366. It was so popular,
in fact, it is rumored that King Edward III outlawed the game because his troops were neglecting their archery
practice in order to bowl.
Evolution of the game
The game of bowling that we play today was not always played with 10 pins. It actually started as a nine pin game
and played all throughout Europe. One very unique variation of the game of bowling is still being played in Edinburgh.
The player takes a ball without holes and heaves it at the pins from between his legs which results in the player
landing on his stomach.
The very first bowling location was more than likely in New York and was played more like lawn bowling. That area
has since gone through changes and is now in the heart of the financial district and the small area where the game
was played is now called Bowling Green.
As the game of bowling was becoming more popular in America it was drawing negative attention. In 1841
Connecticut law makers made it illegal to run any nine pin lanes. This was due to the level of gambling that was
becoming associated with the game. This law was quickly circumvented by adding an addition pin which paved the
way for todays 10 pin game.
The game of bowling today
In the late 1800s, it was evident just how popular bowling was becoming when many states were participating in the
game. From New York to as far west as Illinois, people were getting into the game. The lack of official rules and
regulations lead to each region creating its own details for how the game should be played. Variations included ball
weight and pin dimensions.
All that changed when a restauranteur named Joe Thum got representatives from various bowling clubs all over the
country and formed the American Bowling Congress on September 9th in 1895. The ABC would establish a standard
for all bowling in America and would organize national competitions. The American Bowling Congress continues its
role today and is at the heart of bowling in America but is now known as the United States Bowling Congress or
USBC.

Rules of the game


The Standing Area or Approach:
This is the area where you will select your bowling ball, line yourself up and throw.
The approach area is approximately 15 feet long and ends at the foul line. The foul
line is a solid dark line where the"lane" begins. The approach is marked with
approach dots or line up points that are used to increase the accuracy of your
throw. It is important to remember when releasing the ball to not let your feet
cross over the foul line which seperates the approach area and the lane.

The Lane:
The lane is a straight narrow surface that is 60 feet long and approximately 41.5
inches wide. It is usually created with wood or a synthetic material. At the end of
the lane are the bowling pins. The lane also has one gutter on each side of it. If
your ball goes into any side of these gutters it is deemed to be a "gutter ball."
You will notice that there is a difference between the lane and the approach area.
The lanes are treated with an oil so that the bowling ball will glide over it's surface.
A lane will be coated with at least 18 milliliter (ml), or as much as 30 ml of oil. It
is important to remember not to touch any part of the lane with your feet. The lane
is very slippery and crossing it is considered a foul. Any pins knocked down during a
foul will not count towards your score.

The Pins:
There are ten pins at the end of the lane. A pin must weigh between 3 pounds, 6
ounces and 3 pounds, 10 ounces. It also has to be 15 inches tall. The first pin is
called the head pin. The spots at where the pins sit are numbered, but not the pins
themselves. The pins are set up in four rows with one pin in the first row, two in
the second, three in the third, and four in the fourth. They are numbered 1 through
10. The goal is to knock down all the pins at one time.

The Bowling Ball:

A bowling ball can be no more then 27 inches in circumference and must weigh
between 10 and 16 pounds. The ball is solid and has two or three fingers holes.

Bowling Shoes:
Special shoes are required for bowling. Tennis shoes are not authorized on a
bowling lane because they will damage the floor. Bowling shoes consist of a specific
sole depending on if you are right handed or left handed. One shoe will have a
sliding sole and the other a breaking sole. If you are a right handed bowler your left
shoe will be a slider sole and your right shoe a breaking sole. It is opposite for left
hand bowlers.

The Game:
Bowling is played with 10 scoring frames. Each frame is one turn, but you get two
throws in each frame. The number of pins knocked down with both throws is added
to your total score. Please refer to our scoring page to see how scoring works. At
the end of the game the player who has the most points wins. We have listed some
common bowling terms here to help you understand the rules of the game.
The most common broken rule in bowling is the foul line. Remember, crossing the
foul line will not only disqualify your throw, but you could risk injury from a fall.

Common Bowling Terms


Bowling uses certain terms to explain the game. In order for you to understand the
rules and regulations better, we will define the most common
terms used by bowlers.
The Following Terms Apply To The Game Itself:
The Approach: The approach is the area that you stand to
prepare for your throw. This is simply the flooring that you
stand on while you are throwing the ball.

Lane: The lane is the floor that you throw the ball onto. This area is oiled to give
the bowling ball a gliding effect to reach the pins.
Gutter: A gutter is a pit on each side of the lane that the bowling ball falls into. If
your ball enters the gutter it is deemed a "gutter ball" and you will score no points
for that throw .
Gutter Ball: When the bowling ball enters the gutter from the lane.
Foul: A foul is determined when you cross the foul line during your bowl. The foul
line separates the approach and the lane.
Straight Ball: A straight ball is when a bowler throws the bowling ball straight
down the lane.
Hook: A hook is when the bowler puts a spin on the bowling ball while throwing it
causing it to curve down the lane.

The Following Terms Apply To Scoring:


Frame: A frame is 1/10 of the game. A game of bowling has ten frames and there
are ten frames on a score card. The bowler bowls twice in one frame.
Strike: A strike is scored when the bowler knocks down all ten pins in the first
throw. When scoring a strike, points from the next two balls are doubled.
Strike Out: This is when a bowler bowls three strikes in a row in the 10th frame.
Spare: A Spare is scored when the bowler knocks down all ten pins within in that
frame. Usually this is done by knocking all the pins down in two throws or on the
second throw. When scoring a spare, points for the next ball are doubled.
Split: A split is when a bowler knocks down all pins except the left pin and right
pin on the back row causing a "split". The split is a bowlers nightmare, being the
most difficult to knock down.
Turkey: A turkey is when a bowler scores three strikes in a row.

Etiquette

Every sport has common etiquette rules. Bowling etiquette rules are very
important because the bowlers are so close together. Following some of the rules
we have listed below will allow you and other bowlers to enjoy their bowling
expericene.
1. Always yield the right away to the bowler on your right. If you are on the
approach and the bowler to your right is on the approach, step back and allow them
to bowl first.
2. Do not eat or drink in the bowling area or on the approach because you are
bowling on hardwood floors and they can become slippery. Any fluid on the floor
could cause a fall or injury to a bowler.
3. Be prepared to bowl. Do not have others waiting for you when it is your turn.
4. Do not linger on the approach. Once you have completed your throw, exit the
bowling area allowing the next bowler to set up.
5. Never use anyone else's bowling equipment without their permission
6. Be respectful to surrounding bowlers. Some people enjoy bowling as a leisure,
but others play the game for competition. This could mean they have the possibilty
to win money. Repect each individual bowler and allow them to concentrate so they
can achieve that strike.
. bowling equipment - equipment used in bowling
skittle alley, alley, bowling
alley - a lane down which a bowling ball is rolled towardpins
bowling ball, bowl - a large ball with finger holes used in the sport of bowling
bowling pin, pin - a clubshaped wooden object used in bowling; set up in triangulargroups of ten as the t
arget
bowling shoe - a special shoe worn when bowling

game equipment - equipmen

t or apparatus used in playing a game

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