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GENERAL NOTES FOR BRIDGES

GENERAL

SUB STRUCTURE

No of Spans
=
17
2.
Total Span Length
=
866 m
3.
Length of the Girder
=
49.9 m
4.
No. of Girders/Beams per Span
=
4
5.
Skew Angle
=

6.
No. of Lanes
=
2
7.
Road way width on the Bridge
=
8500 mm
8.
Pavement width of the Road
=
7300 mm
9.
Total width of the Bridge
=
10100 mm
10. No. of diaphragms per span
=
5
11.
The Specifications given in the drawings shall over
rule the general notes.
All dimensions are in millimeters unless specified otherwise.
All concrete joint surfaces (except girder and deck slab) shall be
roughened to full amplitude of 6 mm.
Dimensions mentioned on the drawings should be followed in
preference to scale measurements.
Contractor should study the drawings carefully before starting
work & mistakes (if any) in the drawings should be notified
to the Engineer.

Elastomeric bearing pads of hardness-60 (Shore A) and of size
mentioned on the drawings shall be provided.
Actual geo-technical investigation shall be carried out at the time of
construction.
Backfill behind the abutments shall be gravel sand mixture
(Granular).
Mini-clear covers for reinforcement steel shall be as given:
For pile caps and piles
= 75
mm
For all other sub – structure elements
= 50
mm
Class-A concrete shall be used in all sub – structure elements except
rolling blocks and pads under pile caps.
Lean concrete should be used in pads under pile caps.
Class-B concrete shall be used in rolling blocks.

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Codes of practice are:
AASHTO LRFD code 1994
AASHTO Standard code 1996
Pakistan code of practice for highway bridges
(PCPHB), 1967
Live loads considered for design are:
Single lane of military class 70 loading (PCPHB
1967)
Class A loading (PCPHB 1967)
HS20-44 truck (AASHTO standard code 1996)
Design lane load plus design truck (HL – 93,
AASHTO LRFD code 1994)
Design lane plus design Tandem (HL – 93
AASHTO LRFD code 1994)

Unless otherwise shown on the drawing hooks shall be provided in
accordance with the Section 5.11 of
AASHTO LRFD Code 1994.

Concrete Specified as class ‘A’ (20.6 MPa.) in the Contract Specifications shall be used for all Super-Structure elements except
prestressed girders for which concrete of 28 days cylinder crushing strength of 414 Kg/cm 2 (41.4 MPa.) shall be used.
Reinforcement steel indicated on drawings as 10, 6 etc, shall be deformed billet-steel bars conforming to ASTM A-615, AASHTO
M-31, Grade 40, (276 Mpa).
Reinforcement steel indicated on drawings as 12 and above, shall be deformed billet-steel bars conforming to ASTM A-615,
AASHTO M-31, Grade 60, (414 Mpa).
69 mm rigid type metal duct (sheath pipes) shall be used for tendons.
7 Tendons are used per girder and 12, 7 – wire strands, of Grade 270 K, ASTM A – 416 (1860 MPa.) and having modulus of elasticity
of 197,000 MPa., are used per tendon (84 Strands per girder).
Stronghold or equivalent system shall be used for stressing (Post tensioning) and stressing shall be performed from both ends.
System other than Stronghold and stressing from only one end can be performed only with approval of the Designing Firm.
Jacks shall be calibrated in laboratory before starting stressing of the tendons.
All the tendons shall be stressed simultaneously from both ends in the order specified on drawings.
Force/load per tendon and corresponding elongation should be achieved simultaneously, for each tendon.
G.I. pipes of dia 62.5 mm (or  25 Hooks) should be embedded in the girder at 300 mm (to center of G.I. pipe), for lifting/launching of
the girders.
Elongation and forces are given on the drawings, half of which should be applied/achieved at each end.
If the contractor, for any reason, wishes to adopt an alternative prestressing system for stressing of the girders, he can do so with
approval of the Engineer, in such case all design calculations & drawings shall be prepared by the contractor at his own expense and
submitted for Engineer’s approval.
Concrete cover of 40 mm shall be provided in deck slab and diaphragms, and 25 mm in girders and guard railings.
All materials & workmanship shall conform to the relevant AASHTO/ASTM standards.
200 dia. P.V.C. utility ducts shall be provided/installed at no extra cost.
100 mm dia-G.I. drain pipes shall be used.

MATERIALS
All materials and workmanship shall conform to the
relevant clauses of AASHTO & ASTM standards
except where modified below or in “Particular
Specifications” of Tender Documents.

Concrete
Special concrete will be used in prestressed
concrete girders with a minimum 28 days cylinder
crushing strength of 414 Kg/cm2 (41.4 MPa.).
Class “A” concrete shall be used having minimum
28 days (15 x 30 cm). Cylinder strength of 210
Kg/Cm2 (20.6 MPa)
Class “B” concrete shall be used having minimum
28 days (15 x 30 cm). Cylinder strength of 170
Kg/Cm2 (16.66 MPa)
Lean concrete shall be used as shown on drawings
of 28 days cylinder crushing strength of 100
Kg/cm2 (9.8 MPa)
Sulphate resisting cement shall be used in concrete
work for all sub-structure elements (i.e. piles, pile
caps, abutments piers, transoms, approach slabs,
wing walls etc.). No additional payment for
Sulphate resisting cement shall be made.

Reinforcing Steel
As given in construction drawings

GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN
MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATIONS
NATIONAL HIGHWAY
AUTHORITY ISLAMABAD
KHYBER

CONSULTING
ENGINEERS
94/E-1, STREET 8, PHASE – 1, HAYATABAD PESHAWAR PAKISTAN.

Phones: ++92 91 819101 – 5 Fax: ++92 91 819106
Website: http/www.khybers.com
E-mail: khybers@khybers.com

SURFACE RENDERING
All faces of concrete shall receive surface rendering
(Bitumen Coating) when becoming in contact with
backfill or pavement, cost of which will not be paid
separately.

EMBEDDED ITEMS
All Embedded items shall be secured in position
according to the drawings before concreting is done

DISMANTLING OF EXISTING
STRUCTURE
Existing structure(s) shall be dismantled, where
required, and removed as specified and as directed by
the Engineer.

STANDARD HOOKS

SUPER STRUCTURE
1.

DESIGN PARAMETERS

DETAILED BAR BENDING SCHEDULE
Detailed Bar Bending schedule shall be prepared by the
Contractor and submitted for Engineer’s Approval.

ABBREVIATIONS
B, BOTT.
CL
C/C
C.J, C.Jt
Dia
Exp.Jt.
EL.
G.I.
I.D.
Kg.
KN
m
mm
MPa
NGL
O.D
PCPHB

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=

Symm.
Typ.
TH.
T
Var.

=
=
=
=
=
=

Bottom
Center Line
Center to Center
Construction Joint
Diameter
Expansion Joint
Elevation
Galvanized Iron
Internal Diameter
Kilogram
Kilo Newton
Meter
Millimeter
Maga Pascal
Natural Ground Level
Outer diameter
Pakistan code of practice for
Highway bridges
Symmetrical
Typical
Thickness
Top
Varies
Skew Angle in degrees