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DESIGN REPORT OF RCC T- GIRDER BRIDGES
ON TOPI DARBAND ROAD

INTRODUCTION
This document details the design criteria, parameters adopted and designed sections for bridges on
Topi Darband Road. The bridges are situated:
At Km 4 + 907,
At Km 21 + 00,
At Km 22 + 535,
At Km 52 + 08,
At Km 54 + 720,
At Km 58 + 220,
At Km 63 +405,
At Km 64 + 00,
&
At Km 78 + 717
Detail drawings are separately submitted.

PART – I

GENERAL INFORMATION

1.0 DESIGN SPECIFICATION
1.1. AASHTO LRFD code 1994 (BRIDGE DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS)
1.2

AASHTO Standard specifications 1996.

1.3

Pakistan Code of Practice for Highway Bridges (PCPHB) 1967.

2.0 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
2.1

Service limit state.

2.2

Strength limit state

(Limit states, of AASHTO LRFD 1994)

3.0 LIVE LOADS
3.1

Single Lane of Military Class 70 Loading

(PCPHB, 1967.).

3.2

Two lanes of Class A Loading (PCPHB).

3.3

HS20-44 Truck (AASHTO standard 1996).

3.4

Design Lane Load plus Design Truck (HL – 93, AASHTO LRFD 1994).

3.5

Design Lane Load plus Design Tandem (HL – 93, AASHTO LRFD 1994).

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4.0 MATERIAL PROPERTIES
4.1

Concrete used in the RCC girders

Class A concrete of 28 days cylinder
compressive strength of 210 kg/cm2
(21 MPa.).

4.2

Concrete used in the deck slab, diaphragms,
transom/girder seat, rollovers and footings.

Class A concrete of 28 days
Curbs, railings, back walls, wing walls,
cylinder compressive strength of 210
kg/cm2 (21 MPa.).

4.3

Primary Reinforcement steel

Grade 60 (414 MPa) deformed round
bars confirming to ASTM A-615

4.4

Secondary Reinforcement steel

Grade 40 (276 Mpa) deformed round
bars conforming to ASTM A-615.

4.5

Modulus of elasticity of reinforcing steel

Es

= 200,000 MPa.

4.6

Modulus of elasticity of concrete

Ec

= 4800*

f c MPa.

5.0 DESIGN PARAMETERS. (Ref: ASSHTO LRFD)
5.1

5.2

Resistance factors,  , are:
5.1.1

Flexure and tension of reinforced concrete

= 0.90

5.1.2

Shear and torsion in normal density concrete

= 0.90

5.1.3

Axial compression with spirals and ties

= 0.75

5.1.4

Bearing on concrete

= 0.70

Load combinations and Load factors : Following limit states are
investigated.
5.2.1

Service – l Limit state

5.2.2

Strength – l Limit State

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PART – II

PARTICULAR INFORMATION

A RCC T- GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 4 + 907
1.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD)
1.1

Catchment area

Acatch

= 6.59 Km2.

1.2

Intensity of the rainfall

i

= 46.08 mm/hr.

1.3

Coefficient of run off

C

= 0.5

1.4

Discharge (100 years)

Q

= 54.48 m3/sec.

2.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION
2.1

Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)

 soil

= 18000 N/m3.

2.2

Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill

= 35

2.3

Recommended value to be used for the general geology anticipated
at the bridge site (Weathered or broken rock of any kind; shale etc.)

= 0.48 MPa.

3.0 SUPER STRUCTURE
3.1

General Information About Bridge Geometry (Ref: AASHTO LRFD)
3.1.1

No. of Spans

=2

3.1.2

Each Span Length

= 12.0 meters.

3.1.3

Total Span Length

= 24.0 meters.

3.1.4

Effective Span Length

= 11.5 meters.

3.1.5

Skew Angle

= 0

3.1.6

Type of Superstructure

RCC T-Girders and RCC Deck Slab.

3.1.7

No. of Girders per Span

= 4

3.1.8

Clear Width of the Bridge

= 8500 mm.

3.1.9

Total Width of the Bridge

= 9625 mm.

3.1.10

No. of Diaphragms per Span

= 3

3.1.11

Type of guardrail

R.C.C. wall type Guard Rail.

Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M. Shaw pp/297).

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3.2

Live load distribution factors (per lane) are:
3.2.1

For bending moment in interior girders

= 0.282

3.2.2

For bending moment in exterior girders

= 0.282

3.2.3

Factor for shear in interior girders

= 0.333

3.2.4

Factor for shear in exterior girders

= 0.33

Note: Load factors relative to moment and shear AASHTO LRFD code 1994 are used.
3.3

3.4

Dynamic load allowance (not applied to the design lane load) are:
3.3.1

For HL – 93, Loading Truck and Tandem

IM

= 33 %

3.3.2

For all other loading

IM

= 30 %

Applied Moments On The RCC Girders
3.4.1

Service dead load moment due to self weight of the girder

Mgirder

= 119000 N-m

3.4.2

Service dead load moment due to weight of the deck slab

Mslab

= 200000 N-m

3.4.3

Service dead load moment due to weight of the diaphragms Mdiaph

= 31000 N-m

3.4.4

Service dead load moment due to weight of the
wearing coarse safety curbs and railings.

Ms.i.d.

= 62000 N-m

Service live load moment
(including 33% dynamic allowance)

M L.L

= 903000 N-m

3.4.5

Note : HL – 93, AASHTO LRFD 1994 code provision for max – live load moment governs.

3.5

Shear Design Of The RCC T - Girders (Ref: AASHTO LRFD)
3.5.1

Ultimate applied shear force

Vu

= 733920 N.

3.5.2

Effective depth for shear

dv

= 1092 mm.

3.5.3

Effective width of the web

bv

= 300 mm.

3.5.4

Shear capacity of the concrete

Vc

= 226270 N.

3.5.5

Transverse reinforcement

 12 stirrups @ 140 mm c/c.

3.5.6

Shear carried by the transverse reinforcement

Vs

3.5.7

Nominal shear capacity of the girder

Vn = Vc +Vs

= 733142 N.

3.5.8

Effective shear resisting capacity of the girder

Vr =  * Vn

= 623170.7 N.

= 507072 N.

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3.5.9
3.6

= 1.17

Deflection In The RCC Girders
3.6.1

Deflection due to live load and its dynamic effect

= 5.79 mm.

3.6.2

Allowable deflection due to live load and its dynamic effect 

= 14.38 mm.

3.6.3

Ratio of allowable live load deflection to applied live load deflection

= 2.48 mm

3.6.4

Deflection due to weight of the girder and deck slab

= 2.13 mm.

3.6.5

Deflection due to weight of the curbs, railings and wearing coarse

= 0.41 mm.

3.6.6

Net deflection at working load condition

= 8.35 mm.

3.6.7

Allowable deflection due to total loads for simply
supported structures

= 23.96 mm.

Ratio of allowable net deflection to applied net deflection

= 2.85

3.6.8
3.7

Ratio of the shear resisting capacity to ultimate applied shear

Design Of Deck Slab (Ref: AASHTO LRFD)
3.7.1

Deflection due to live load and its dynamic effect

= 2.73 mm.

3.7.2

Minimum depth of the deck slab
(Sec. 9.7.1.1, AASHTO LRFD 1994)

= 175 mm.

3.7.3

Thickness of the deck slab

= 200 mm.

3.7.4

Primary Reinforcement steel used
(Distribution and shrinkage steel)

3.7.5

Total service load positive moment

= 9219 N – m/m.

3.7.6

Total service load negative moment

= 12188 N – m/m.

3.7.7

Ultimate positive moment

= 15719 N – m/m.

3.7.8

Ultimate negative moment

= 19583 N – m/m.

3.7.9

Ultimate positive moment resisting capacity
of the deck slab

3.7.10 Ultimate negative moment resisting capacity
of the deck slab

Grade 60 steel (ASTM A – 615)

Md(+ve)

= 22092 N – m/m.

Md(-ve)

= 24136 N – m/m.

3.7.11 Ratio of positive moment capacity to ultimate
applied positive moment

= 1.4

3.7.12 Ratio of negative moment capacity to ultimate
applied negative moment

= 1.23

4.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN

Sec.8.9.3.1, AASHTO standard 1996 & Sec. 2.5.2.6.2, AASHTO LRFD 1994.

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10 Depth of footing 4.9 Length of footing = 11625 mm.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 3. 4.2.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F.)sliding = 1.5 4. Spread footing.2.41 X 106 N.2. = 2.8 Width of footing = 4000 mm. 4. 4.2.1.5 Height of the CRM wall = 4425 mm.2 = 600 mm. 4.58 X 106 N. 4. 4. 4.1.2.1.1.O.1.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0.1. 4.1. 4.S.64 4. 4. 4.C. 4.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment.1 Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) = 4.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 825 mm.C.44 X 106 N – m.1.2.22 X 106 N – m.4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 9625 mm.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 6900 mm.7 Type of footing R.2.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 2. 4.7 Factor of safety against sliding (F.4 Total sliding force = 1.1.doc .1.) over turning. Stability Analysis Of The Abutments. 4.22 X 106 N.O.S.1 General Information 4.2.6 4.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 7.31 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 4.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 2000 mm.

00 -0.02 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.16 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.doc .09 MPa. Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 4.1 Stresses at toe of the footing qmax = .7 4.14 MPa.12 -0.14 -0.10 -0.06 -0. 4.0. 4.3.0.3.00 0.00 0.3 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing. 4.09 -0.14 -0.08 -0.48 MPa.3.04 -0.2 Stresses at heel of the footing qmin = .3 Presumed allowable bearing capacity = 0.

5 Minimum area of steel = 188 mm2/m 4.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.81 Mu = 21996.doc . 4. 4.9 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 150 mm c/c. 4.49 x 1010 mm4.4. 4.12 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8.1. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall.F.4.4 MPa.4 MPa. (B.2.76 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI = 3.4.8 4. = 8848 N – m/m 4. 4.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996.11 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 132499 N. 4. 4.2.27 x 1014 N-mm2 4.1 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E 4.) 4.4.1 Width of the transom = 825 mm.4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4.4.1.2.2.4.8 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 150 mm c/c.2. 4.7 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 2.6 Moment capacity of the section = 24830 N – m/m.4.2.10 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 15120 N.5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.4.2 Design Of Back wall 4.4.1.2.4.1.4. 4.4.) 4.4 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4.1. (B.4.2.4.4.4. 4.4.4.1.2.2.4 Minimum area of steel = 2228 mm2.1. 4.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed.3 Effective depth of the back wall = 195 mm. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall).4.4.2. 4.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.4.4.1.2 Thickness of the Back wall = 250 mm.2.F.

4.  20 @ 200 mm c/c. 4.1 Width of the footing = 4000 mm.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing . 4.2. at face of the support Mu1 4. 4. 4. in shorter direction. 4.11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 3.2.9 4.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction 4.2 Length of the footing = 11625 mm.2.3 Depth of the footing = 600 mm.2.12 Ultimate moment.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 2.5 Effective depth of the footing = 515 mm. = 1.2. =196021 N–m/m. 4. 4.doc .10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 4067978 N.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction 4. 4.9 Applied beam shear = 1202850 N.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 12559464 N.43 4.3.2.38 4.2.2.2.2.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 5160790 N. 4.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate applied moment In shorter direction (As-mini) Md1 = 106670 N-m/m.84 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.2.2.2.2.

gravel-sand mixture. Spread footing.4 Discharge (100 years) Q = 16.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 4000 mm.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 10455 mm.doc .3 Coefficient of run off C = 0.1.21 Km2.1.0 SUPER STRUCTURE 3. 4. Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M. 1. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 1.7 Type of footing R.C.5 1.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment. RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 21 + 00 1. 4.1. 2. 4.1 SAME AS BRIDGE AT 4+907 4.3 Recommended value to be used for the general geology anticipated at the bridge site (Gravel. 4. Shaw pp/297).4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 10612 mm.10 B.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1. 4.1 General Information 4. 4. 3.2 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2.1 Catchment area Acatch = 1.92 m3/sec. 4.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 825 mm. 4.48 MPa.1 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3.9 Length of footing = 12682 mm. 2.1.1.C.1.1.1.33 mm/hr. boulder-gravel mixtures) = 0.10 Depth of footing  = 750 mm.1.5 Height of the CRM wall = 7830 mm.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 2.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 78.8 Width of footing = 6400 mm.1. 4.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4.

4. 4.7 Factor of safety against sliding (F.S.96X 106 N. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 4.91 X 106 N.3. 4.S.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 11.2 Stability Analysis Of The Abutments.3.10 MPa. 4.2. 4.2.2.O.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 30.2.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0.66 4.5 4.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 4.2 Stresses at heel of the footing qmin = .09 X 106 N.3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity = 0.) over turning.11 4. 4.56 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing. 4.45 X 106 N – m.doc .1 4.4 Total sliding force = 2.0.2.2.48 MPa.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F.)sliding = 1.3 Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) = 11.90 X 106 N – m.O.2. 4.1 Stresses at toe of the footing qmax = .19 MPa.3.0.2. = 2.

40 0.20 -0.10 -0.00 -0.12 Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 6.15 -0.05 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.25 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.10 -0.19 -0.00 0.doc .

4.4.4.4.4.2.1. 4.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 9858170 N. 4.1 Width of the footing = 6400 mm.) 4.4 Minimum area of steel = 500 mm2/m 4.2.4.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm.2 Design Of The Abutment Footing 4.76 4.89 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.1 Thickness of the Back wall = 250 mm.4.2 Effective depth of the back wall = 195 mm. 4.5 Effective depth of the footing = 665 mm.2 Length of the footing = 12682 mm.1.4.1.F.11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to applied beam shear = 2.) 4.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c.4.1 Design Of Back wall 4.8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c.10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 132499 N. 4.12 Mu = 8847 N – m/m 4.1.F.1.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 2.4.4. 4.4.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 25003352 N.1.4. 4.2.9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 15120 N.1. 4.4.4. 4.2. 4.2. 4.2.1.4.4.4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4.1.4.1.4.53 Applied beam shear = 1981950 N.9 4.4.10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 5730437 N.4.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 2.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4. (B.4.1.doc .2.5 Moment capacity of the section = 18720 N – m/m. 4.4.2.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8. 4.2.4. (B.2.3 Depth of the footing = 750 mm. 4.2.13 4.4.

40 mm/hr.3 Coefficient of run off C = 0.5 Skew Angle = 45 3.2.1 No.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 93.1. = 254514.3 Recommended value to be used for the general geology anticipated at the left abutment of the bridge (Weathered or broken rocks) = 0. 1.12 Ultimate moment. 3.2 Each Span Length = 10. 2.15 m3/sec.4. of Spans =1 3.1.2. of Girders per Span = 4 Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M.14 4.7 No.6 Type of Superstructure RCC T-Girders and RCC Deck Slab.2.4.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 2.4 Effective Span Length = 10 meters.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction (A s-mini) Md1 4.1 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3.5 1.1.0 SUPER STRUCTURE 3.51 Km2.21 RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 22 + 535 1. = 210320 N-m/m.4.1.4 Discharge (100 years) Q = 25.1 Catchment area Acatch = 1. 3.4.2 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2.1. 3. 2.3 N–m/m.1  General Information About Bridge Geometry (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 3. = 1. in shorter direction.5 meters.2.48 MPa.1. 3.3 Total Span Length = 10. at face of the support Mu1 4.1.  20 @ 200 mm c/c. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.5 meters.doc . 3. 1.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate applied moment In shorter direction C. Shaw pp/297).0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction 4.

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.3 3. safety curbs and railings.4 Shear capacity of the concrete Vc = 226269 N.4.1 For bending moment in interior girders = 0. 3. 3.4 Service dead load moment due to weight of the wearing coarse.1 For HL – 93.C.2 R.11 Type of guardrail 3.3 Service dead load moment due to weight of the diaphragms Mdiaph = 27000 N-m 3.2 Service dead load moment due to weight of the deck slab Mslab = 152000 N-m 3.5.i.282 3. Ms.2 Effective depth for shear dv = 1092 mm.4.4.2 For bending moment in exterior girders = 0.2.4 Dynamic load allowance (not applied to the design lane load) are: 3.2.1.4 Factor for shear in exterior girders = 0.15 3.5.1.282 3. 3. of Diaphragms per Span = 3 3. 3.5.3 Factor for shear in interior girders = 0. Live load distribution factors (per lane) are: 3.1.2. = 47000 N-m Service live load moment (including 33% dynamic allowance) M L.Girders (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 3.doc .4.2 For all other loading IM = 33 % Applied Moments On The RCC Girders 3.1.2.d.9 Total Width of the Bridge = 10250 mm.4. 3.10 No.33 Note: Load factors relative to moment and shear AASHTO LRFD code 1994 are used. 3.3.3. wall type Guard Rail.5. Loading Truck and Tandem IM = 30 % 3.L = 802000 N-m 3. AASHTO LRFD 1994 code provision for max – live load moment governs.5 Shear Design Of The RCC T .3 Effective width of the web bv = 300 mm.C.33 3.1 Service dead load moment due to self weight of the girder Mgirder = 90000 N-m 3.1 Ultimate applied shear force Vu = 733920N 3.8 Clear Width of the Bridge = 8500 mm.5 Note : HL – 93.

Design Of Deck Slab (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 3.8 Ultimate negative moment = 19583 N – m/m.7 Allowable deflection due to total loads for simply supported structures = 20.17 3.9.7.6.8 3.6.2. AASHTO standard 1996 & Sec.1. 3.3 Ratio of allowable live load deflection to applied live load deflection = 3.6 Service dead load negative moment = 12188 N – m/m.7.19 mm.5.5.6.8 Ratio of the shear resisting capacity to ultimate applied shear = 1.7. AASHTO LRFD 1994) = 175 mm.7.8. Md(-ve) = 24136 N – m/m.0 mm. 3.35 3.83 mm.5 Shear carried by the transverse reinforcement 3.16 3. Ratio of allowable net deflection to applied net deflection = 2.5 Service dead load positive moment = 9219 N – m/m. 3.7.2 Allowable deflection due to live load and its dynamic effect  = 12.10 Ultimate negative moment resisting capacity of the deck slab  = 507072 N.5. Sec.7.6.7. railings and wearing coarse = 0.3. 3.6.7.5.6. 3.6 Nominal shear capacity of the girder Vn = Vc +Vs = 733341 N.218 mm.5 Deflection due to weight of the curbs. 3.2 Thickness of the deck slab = 200 mm.6.7 Ultimate positive moment = 15718 N – m/m.7.5 mm.4 Deflection due to weight of the girder and deck slab = 1.73 mm.6 3.9 Ultimate positive moment resisting capacity of the deck slab 3. 3. 3.7.7 Effective shear resisting capacity of the girder Vr =  * Vn = 623339 N.22 mm.1. Deflection In The RCC Girders 3.1. 3. 3. 3. AASHTO LRFD 1994.4 Secondary Reinforcement Steel Used (Distribution and shrinkage steel) Grade 40 Steel (Astm A – 615) 3. 2.6 Net deflection at working load condition = 5.5.7.2.6. 3.doc .1 Minimum depth of the deck slab (Sec.1 Deflection due to live load and its dynamic effect = 3.3 Primary Reinforcement steel used Grade 60 steel (ASTM A – 615) 3. 3. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 9.7 Vs Md(+ve) = 22087 N – m/m.6.

Spread footing. 4.7 Type of footing R.5 4.52 X 106 N – m.2.1.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment.00 X 106 N – m.2.2. 4.11 Ratio of positive moment capacity to ultimate applied positive moment = 1.S.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 950 mm.20 4.C.2. 4. 4. 4.2.1.5 Height of the CRM wall = 10500 mm. 4.1.42 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.40 3.1. = 3. 4. 4. 4. 4.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 13125 mm.1.12 Ratio of negative moment capacity to ultimate applied negative moment = 1.2.7.2.1.1.7.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 6250 mm.C.1.1 General Information 4.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 15.2.9 Length of footing = 21567 mm.4 Total sliding force = 8.25X 106 N.) over turning.7 Factor of safety against sliding (F.O.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F.doc . Stability Analysis Of The Abutments.17 3.)sliding = 1.86 4. 4.1 Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) = 33.O.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 42.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 143.10 Depth of footing 4. 4. 4. 4.2 = 750 mm.8 Width of footing = 8950 mm.39 X 106 N.1.4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 18738 mm.1.S.92 X 106 N. 4.

15 -0.1 Stresses at toe of the footing qmax = .00 0. Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 8.2 Stresses at heel of the footing qmin = .05 -0.20 MPa.48 MPa.3 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing.3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity = 0.0.0.3. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 4.20 -0.15MPa.95 0.00 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.doc . 4.10 -0.25 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING .20 -0.3.18 4.3. 4.15 -0.

5 Moment capacity of the section = 46150 N – m/m.4.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm.1.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 14.1. 3.10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 217434.71 x 1010 mm4.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.22 Mu = 8848 N – m/m 3. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall.4.4. (B.2 Effective depth of the back wall = 320 mm.4. 4.37 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.4.4.1 Thickness of the Back wall = 375 mm.8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.F.F. 4.1.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 5.) 3.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed.4 N.4 Minimum area of steel = 750 mm2/m 3.4.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996.) 3.4. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall). 4.9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 15120 N.1.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI = 3.4. 3. 4.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 3.doc .1. 4.1.76 x 1014 N-mm2 4. 3.1.1 Width of the transom = 950 mm. 4.4 Minimum area of steel = 2565 mm2.1. (B.2 Design Of Back wall 3.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c.4. 3. 3.4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4. 4.19 4.4 MPa.

doc .11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 2.2 Length of the footing = 21567 mm.5 Effective depth of the footing = 517 mm. at face of the support Mu1 = 345600 N-m/m.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 1.9 Applied beam shear = 3544590 N. 3. in shorter direction.3 Depth of the footing = 750 mm.1 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 3.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm. = 1. 3.10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 9745177 N 3.20 1.91 3.12 Ultimate moment.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 39649078 N. 3. 3.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction Md1 3.1 Width of the footing = 8950 mm.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction (As-mini)  20 @ 200 mm c/c. 3. 3. 3.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate Applied moment In shorter direction = 378168 N–m/m.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing 3.75 3.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 20733950 N. 3. 3.

4 Discharge (100 years) Q = 34.29 mm/hr.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment.4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 10250 mm.9 Length of footing = 12250 mm.3 Coefficient of run off C = 0.1.8 Width of footing = 6000 mm. 4. 1.C.1. 4.7 Type of footing R.48 MPa.1.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1.5 Height of the CRM wall = 7375 mm.1 Same As Bridge At 22+535 4.12 m3/sec. 1.5 1. Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 825 mm.1 Catchment area Acatch = 2. 4.1.1.1.1  General Information 4.00Km2.21 D. 2. RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 58 + 220 1.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 4000 mm.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 10000 mm.1.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 96.0 SUPER STRUCTURE 3.1 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3. 2. 4. 4. 4.3 Recommended value to be used for the general Geology anticipated at the left abutment of the bridge (Weathered or broken rocks) = 0.1. 4.doc .C.1.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4.2 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2. 4. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 3. Spread footing.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 2. Shaw pp/297).

4.doc .3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity = 0.22 4.0.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 25.62X 106 N. Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) = 9.56 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing. 21MPa.S. 4. 4.3.04 X 106 N – m.2 Stresses at heel of the footing qmin = .6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0.2. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.67 4.5 4.48 MPa.7 Factor of safety against sliding (F. 4.10 Depth of footing 4.2.O.2.1 Stresses at toe of the footing qmax = .2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 4.2 Stability Analysis Of The Abutments.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 10.1 4.S. 4. 4.) over turning. 4. = 2.2. 4.O.3.2.)sliding = 1.4 Total sliding force = 2.3 = 750 mm. 4.92 X 106 N.0.2.2. 08MPa.3.74 X 106 N – m.2.1.38 X 106 N.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F.

23 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 6.20 -0.21 -0.08 -0.25 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.05 -0.00 0.00 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.10 -0.doc .15 -0.00 0.

9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 15120 N.4.4 Minimum area of steel = 500 mm2/m 4. 4.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.2.4. 4.1. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall).8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 150 mm c/c.4. (B.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm.2.4. 4.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 4.1.1.16 Mu = 8848 N – m/m 4.1.2. 4.F.1 Thickness of the Back wall = 250 mm.4.2 Design Of Back wall 4.2.5 Moment capacity of the section = 36840 N – m/m.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996.1.76 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.4. 4. 4.4.4. 4.2.4.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI = 3.1.10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 132499.4.4.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 150 mm c/c.2.4.11 N.1.2.2.4. 4.4.1 Width of the transom = 825 mm.4.4. 4. (B.1.24 4.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.2 Effective depth of the back wall = 195 mm.2.2.) 4.4.doc . 4.4.4 MPa.5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.4 Minimum area of steel = 1470 mm2.4.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8.F.) 4.4.26 x 1014 N-mm2 4.49 x 1010 mm4.4. 4. 4. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall.2.4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4.

4.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 24773725 N.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction (As-mini) 4.3.3.11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 4.12 Ultimate moment.3.25 4.3.4. 4.4.4.4.9 Applied beam shear = 1289180 N.3.3. 4.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate Applied moment In shorter direction  20 @ 200 mm c/c.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 8686570 N.3.2 Length of the footing = 12250 mm. 4. 4. = 378168 N–m/m.4.10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 5535235 N.3.4.4.85 4.5 Effective depth of the footing = 665 mm.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing 4.3. in shorter direction. 4.3.3. 4.4. 4. at face of the support Mu1 = 157070 N-m/m.4.doc .4.3.4.4.4.1 Width of the footing = 6000 mm.4.3.4. 4.40 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 2. = 2.4.29 4.3 Depth of the footing = 750 mm.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction Md1 4.3.3. 4.

48 MPa.7 Type of footing R.1.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4. 4.5 Q = 18.1.4 Discharge (100 years) = 0.1.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1.doc .4 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3.1.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 825 mm.1 Catchment area Acatch = 0. RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 63 + 405 1. SUPER STRUTURE 3.1.C.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 2400 mm. 2. 1.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 2. Shaw pp/297).1  General Information 4.92 Km2.9 Length of footing = 12250 mm. 4. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 4.1.1. 4. 2.C.5 Height of the CRM wall = 4325 mm.4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 10250 mm.3 Coefficient of run off 1.8 Width of footing = 4600 mm.5 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2.1.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment. 4. Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M.6 Recommended value to be used for the general geology anticipated at the left abutment of the bridge (Weathered or broken rocks) 3. 4.1. 4.76 m3/sec. 4.1 Same As Bridge At 22+535 4.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 6900 mm.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 114.0 = 0. Spread footing.26 E.20 mm/hr 1.

0. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.2.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F. = 2.3 = 700 mm.7 Factor of safety against sliding (F.66 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing.) over turning. 4. 4.S. 4.0.2 Stability Analysis Of The Abutments. 4. 09 MPa.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 3.2. 4.O.25 X 106 N.)sliding = 1.2.3.26 X 106 N.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 2.doc .3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 8.O.2.21 X 106 N. 12 MPa.10 Depth of footing 4.48 MPa.28 X 106 N – m.3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity = 0.3.5 4. 4.2.2. 4.4 Total sliding force = 1.2.74 X 106 N – m.1 4.75 4.3. Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) = 5.1.S. 4.2.1 Stresses at toe of the footing qmax = . 4.2 Stresses at heel of the footing qmin = .27 4.

00 -0.14 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.28 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 4.08 -0.00 0.doc .04 -0.12 -0.60 0.10 -0.09 -0.02 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.12 -0.06 -0.

4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4.8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 120 mm c/c.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.4.2.F.76 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.doc .4.2.1.1.4.10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 132499 N.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4. = 195 mm.1.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996. 4.2.1 Width of the transom = 825 mm.2. = 5.27 x 1014 N-mm2 4.4.1. (B. (B.) 4.49 x 1010 mm4.4. 4.F.4 Minimum area of steel 4.1.2 Design Of Back wall 4.2.2.2.15 4.4.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 120 mm c/c. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall).5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.4 MPa.4.4.2 Effective depth of the back wall 4. 4.4.) 4.4.2.4.5 Moment capacity of the section 4.4. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall.2.2.1 Thickness of the Back wall 4.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm.4.4.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI = 3.1.1.29 4.4.1.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 250 mm. 4.4.4.9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 15120 N. 4.2.4.4. 4.4.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed. 4. 4. 4. Mu = 8848 N – m/m = 500 mm2/m = 45610 KN – m/m.4.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.4 Minimum area of steel = 1470 mm2.

3.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel 4.1 Width of the footing = 4600 mm.3.4.3.4.3.3.12 Ultimate moment. in shorter direction.4.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction (As-mini)  20 @ 250 mm c/c.35 4.30 4.doc .4.4.3.4.4. Mu1 4.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 3.3.91 4. 4.5 Effective depth of the footing = 625 mm.4. = 75 mm.4.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction 4.07 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.4.3 Depth of the footing = 700 mm.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate Applied moment In shorter direction Md1 = 280910 N–m/m.4.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing 4.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 5071240 N.3.4.3.4. 4. at face of the support = 91320 N-m/m. 4.3.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 17005570 N.10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 5119052 N.3.4.3.4. 4. 4. = 3.4.9 Applied beam shear = 1308880 N.11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 3. 4. 4. 4.3.3.2 Length of the footing = 12250 mm.3. 4.

Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M.73 mm/hr.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1. SUPER STRUCTURE 3.1.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment.1 Width of the CRM wall at top = 950 mm.1 Catchment area Acatch = 0.1 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3.2 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 2400 mm. 4.31 F.7 Width of footing = 4600 mm. 4.91 Km2.2 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2. 4. 4. 4.1.5 1.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 95.3 Coefficient of run off C = 0.1.1. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.48 MPa. RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 78 + 717 1. 1.53 m3/sec.C.6 Type of footing R.1.1 Same As Bridge At 22+535 4. Spread footing.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 3.1.3 Recommended value to be used for the general geology anticipated at the left abutment of the bridge (Weathered or broken rocks) = 0.4 Height of the CRM wall = 4325 mm.1.4 Discharge (100 years) Q = 15.0 2. 2. 4.C.doc . Shaw pp/297). 1. 4.1.1  General Information 4.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4.5 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 7500 mm. 2.3 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 10250 mm.

10 MPa.2. 4. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0.4 Total sliding force = 1.1.3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity = 0.S.2. 4. = 3.)sliding = 1.3.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 16.7 Factor of safety against sliding (F.2.5 4.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 2.2.88 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing.2.0.32 4.54 X 106 N.1.2.) over turning. 11 MPa.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F.O.3.2 4. 4.92 X 106 N.8 Length of footing = 12250 mm. 4. 4.2.0.3 Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) = 6.1 Stresses at toe of the footing qmax = .48 MPa.24 X 106 N – m.9 Depth of footing = 700 mm.96 4.doc .44 X 106 N – m. Stability Analysis Of The Abutments.49 X 106 N. 4.2. 4.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 4. 4.1 4.O.3. 4.S.2 Stresses at heel of the footing qmin = . 4.

11 -0.12 -0.09 -0.10 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.33 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 5.10 -0.50 0.10 -0.00 -0.12 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.doc .11 -0.11 -0.

4.F.doc .10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 217434 N.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.4. 4.4 Minimum area of steel = 750 mm2/m 4.4.40 Mu = 22368 N – m/m 4.4.5 Moment capacity of the section = 76050 N – m/m. 4.1.4.2 Design Of Back wall 4. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall).) 4.2.2. (B.1.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 120 mm c/c.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8.4.F.2.4. (B. 4.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI = 3.4. 4.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed.2.4.4.71 x 1010 mm4.1 Thickness of the Back wall = 375 mm.4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4. 4.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.2 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.4.8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 120 mm c/c.1.1.34 4.4.4.2.4. 4.2. 4.2 Effective depth of the back wall = 320 mm.1.4. 4.2.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4.1.9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 26550 N.1 Width of the transom = 950 mm.4.2.4 Minimum area of steel = 2228 mm2.) 4.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 3. 4.4.1.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm.2.76 x 1014 N-mm2 4.4.1.4.4. 4. 4.4.2.4.4 MPa.5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.2.

4.82 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 4.3. = 3.1.1.3.4.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 4067940 N.12 Ultimate moment.1.4.11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 4. 4.4.3.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction Md1 4. 4. 4.1.1.1. 4.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm.doc .3.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate Applied moment In shorter direction = 187306.71 Applied beam shear = 714170 N.3. 4. 4.3.4.1.1.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 15085085 N.35 4.1.1.5 Effective depth of the footing = 625 mm.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 3.3.3.1.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing 4.4.2 Length of the footing = 12250 mm.63 N–m/m. 4.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction (As-mini)  20 @ 250 mm c/c. at face of the support Mu1 = 48950 N-m/m.1 Width of the footing = 4600 mm.9 4. 4.4.4.84 4.1.3 Depth of the footing = 700 mm.4. 4.4. in shorter direction.10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 3454320 N.1.1.

7 Type of footing R.3 Coefficient of run off C = 0. 2.0 SUPER STRUCTURE 3.1.5 Height of the CRM wall = 6200 mm.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 4000 mm.3 Recommended value to be used for the general geology anticipated at the left abutment of the bridge (Weathered or broken rocks) = 0.1.C. 4.54mm/hr.5 1.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment. 4.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 2.48 MPa.1 Catchment area Acatch = 1.1  General Information 4. 4. 2.doc . Shaw pp/297). /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.36 G. 4.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 8375 mm.1 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3. 1.1.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 107.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4.1. 4.1.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1.1 Same As Bridge At 22+535.2 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2.8 Width of footing = 5000 mm Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M. Spread footing.1.46Km2.1. 4. 4.95 m3/sec. 1. RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 64 + 00 1. 4.1.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 825 mm.C. 3.4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 10250 mm.4 Discharge (100 years) Q = 27.

4. = 0.O. 4.)sliding = 1.doc .7 Factor of safety against sliding (F.09 MPa.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F.3 4.1.3.21 X 106 N.2 Stresses at heel of the footing 4.37 4.S. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.66 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing.2.3.2.10 Depth of footing 4.) over turning.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0. Stability Analysis Of The Abutments.25 X 106 N.3.1. 4.1 Stresses at toe of the footing 4. 4.2 = 300 mm.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 8. = 2.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) 4.9 Length of footing = 12250 mm. 4.2.5 4. qmin = .S.2. = 2.2.1 Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) = 5.74 X 106 N – m.26X 106 N.12 MPa.2.75 4.4 Total sliding force = 1.0.3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity qmax = .2. 4.0. 4.28 X 106 N – m.48 MPa.O.2.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 3.

10 -0.09 -0.14 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING .00 -0.60 0.doc .12 -0.00 0.38 Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 4.04 -0.08 -0.06 -0.12 -0. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.02 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.

4.5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.4.2.2.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 120 mm c/c.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996.4. 4.4.1.4.10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 132499 N. 4.2.4.4.2.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.4. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall.2 Design Of Back wall 4. 4.5 Moment capacity of the section = 45610 N – m/m.4 Minimum area of steel = 500 mm2/m 4.2.4.39 4. 4.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI = 3.1.2.1.4.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4. 4.4.4.1.27 x 1014N-mm2 4.4.1. 4.1 Thickness of the Back wall = 250 mm. 4.doc .4.2 Effective depth of the back wall = 195 mm.4 Minimum area of steel = 2227.4.2.4. 4. 4. 4.15 Mu = 8848 N – m/m 4.4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 5. 4.1.2.4 MPa.) 4.4.1.2.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 120 mm c/c.2.F. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall).49 x 1010 mm4.4.1 Width of the transom = 825 mm.9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 15120 N. (B. 4.1.5 mm2.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm.4.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8.76 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. (B.4.F.4.2.) 4.

3.3. 4.57 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.4.4.doc .3.12 Ultimate moment.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction Md1 4.5 Effective depth of the footing = 225 mm.4.4. 4.11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 3.3.3.3 Depth of the footing = 300 mm.3. 4.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 5071240 N.4.4.4.3.3.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate applied moment In shorter direction = 234943 N–m/m. 4.4.4. 4.2 Length of the footing = 12250 mm.91 4. 4.3.40 4.3. 4.4.10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 5119052 N.4.3.3. at face of the support Mu1 = 91320 N-m/m.4.4. 4.4.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 3.3. 4.4.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction (As-mini)  20 @ 300 mm c/c. = 2.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing 4. 4.9 Applied beam shear = 1308880 N.3.1 Width of the footing = 5000 mm. in shorter direction.3. 4.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 17005570 N.53 4.4.

1  General Information About Bridge Geometry (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 3.1.10 No. of Spans =1 3.5 1.84mm/hr. 3.3 Recommended value to be used for the general Geology anticipated at the left abutment of the bridge (Weathered or broken rocks) = 0. R.4 Discharge (100 years) Q = 50.1. of Diaphragms per Span = 3 3. 3. 3.1 Catchment area Acatch = 3.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 2.3 Total Span Length = 16.1. 2.C.31 m3/sec. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M. 3.1. 2.1.4 Effective Span Length = 16 meters.1.8 Clear Width of the Bridge = 8500 mm.5 meters.1.2 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2.1. wall type Guard Railings.1.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 75. Shaw pp/297). 3.6 Type of Superstructure 3.5 meters.11 Type of guardrail RCC concrete girders and RCC deck slab.5 Skew Angle = 0 3.41 H RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 52 + 080 1.1.48 MPa.1 No. 3.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1. 1.doc . of Girders per Span = 4 3.7 No.75Km2.C.1.2 Each Span Length = 16.3 Coefficient of run off C = 0.0 SUPER STRUCTURE 3.9 Total Width of the Bridge = 10250 mm.1 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3. 1.

4 Dynamic Load Allowance (Not Applied To The Design Lane Load) Are: 3.5. Loading Truck and Tandem IM = 33 % 3.8 Ratio of the shear resisting capacity to ultimate applied shear = 1.2.7 Effective shear resisting capacity of the girder Vr =  * Vn = 729694 N.282 3.4.5 Shear Design Of The RCC T .3.Girders (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 3.5.2 Effective depth for shear dv = 1676 mm.1 For bending moment in interior girders = 0.2 For all other loading IM = 30 % Applied Moments On The RCC Girders 3.2.4.2 Service dead load moment due to weight of the deck slab Mslab = 381000 N-m 3.5.3 3.5 Note : HL – 93.4 Service dead load moment due to weight of the wearing coarse.i. 3.42 3.5 Shear carried by the transverse reinforcement Vs = 402544 N. Ms.2 Live load distribution factors (per lane) are: 3. AASHTO LRFD 1994 code provision for max – live load moment governs.1 Ultimate applied shear force Vu = 864640 N.doc .2.L = 1356000 N-m 3.4.4. 3.1 For HL – 93.3.33 3. safety curbs and railings.4 Factor for shear in exterior girders = 0.5. 3.5.4.282 3.18 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.2.1 Service dead load moment due to self weight of the girder Mgirder = 483000 N-m 3.5.2 For bending moment in exterior girders = 0. 3.3 Service dead load moment due to weight of the diaphragms Mdiaph = 64000 N-m 3. 3.4 Shear capacity of the concrete Vc = 455920 N.d.5. 3.3 Factor for shear in interior girders = 0. 3. 3. 3.33 Note: Load factors relative to moment and shear AASHTO LRFD code 1994 are used. = 132000 N-m Service live load moment (including 33% dynamic allowance) M L.6 Nominal shear capacity of the girder Vn = Vc +Vs = 858464 N.3 Effective width of the web bv = 400 mm.5.

7.7.3 Primary reinforcement steel used grade 60 steel (ASTM a – 615) 3.39 3.7. 3.5 Deflection due to weight of the curbs.6.7. 3. 3. 3.1. railings and wearing coarse = 0.26 Sec.6.2.9 Ultimate positive moment resisting capacity of the deck slab 3. 3. 9.7.2 Thickness of the deck slab = 200 mm.7.3 Ratio of allowable live load deflection to applied live load deflection = 4.6 Service dead load negative moment = 11795 N – m/m. 2.7 Design Of Deck Slab (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 3. 3.2.7 Allowable deflection due to total loads for simply supported structures = 33.23 3.6.6 Net deflection at working load condition = 7. AASHTO standard 1996 & Sec.6. 3.5.7.doc .3.7. 3.7 Ultimate positive moment = 15422 N – m/m.1.7.43 3. AASHTO LRFD 1994) = 175 mm.6.6.8.8 3.44 mm.10 Ultimate negative moment resisting capacity of the deck slab  Md(+ve) = 22087 N – m/m.1 Minimum depth of the deck slab (Sec.12 Ratio of negative moment capacity to ultimate applied negative moment = 1.7.7.4 Deflection due to weight of the girder and deck slab = 2.6 Deflection In The RCC Girders 3.9. AASHTO LRFD 1994. Ratio of net allowable deflection to net applied deflection = 4.2 Allowable deflection due to live load and its dynamic effect  = 20 mm.1. Md(-ve) = 24135 N – m/m. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.7.6.87 mm.11 Ratio of positive moment capacity to ultimate applied positive moment = 1.33 mm.6.55 mm.4 Secondary reinforcement steel used (Distribution and shrinkage steel) grade 40 steel (ASTM a – 615) 3.6.7.5 Service dead load positive moment = 9041 N – m/m. 3.1 Deflection due to live load and its dynamic effect = 4. 3.43 3.8 Ultimate negative moment = 19014 N – m/m. 3.87 mm. 3.

1 4.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0. 4.1.8 Width of footing = 4600 mm.O.89 X 106 N – m.2.1 Stresses at toe of the footing 4.7 Type of footing R.24 X 106 N – m.C.33 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing.77 4.5 4.2 Stresses at heel of the footing 4.4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 10250 mm.3.3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity qmax = . 4.44 4.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 7500 mm.1.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4. 4.1.3 = 700 mm. = 0. 4.10 Depth of footing 4.1. 4. 4.2 Stability Analysis Of The Abutments. 4. = 2.1.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment.9 Length of footing = 12250 mm.2.3.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 4. 4. 4.08 MPa. 4.12 X 106 N.1.0.0. 4.2.S. 4.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 9.S.) over turning. 16MPa.2.3.49 X 106 N. qmin = . Spread footing. 4.C.1.2.65 X 106 N.1.7 Factor of safety against sliding = 1.O.1.2.5 Height of the CRM wall = 4325 mm.1 General Information 4.2.doc .48 MPa. 4. 4.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 2.2.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 950 mm. Weight of the structure (including weight of the footing and backfill) on the footing = 6. 4.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.1.4 Total sliding force = 1.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 2400 mm.)sliding (F.

00 0.45 Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 4.00 -0.18 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.12 -0.doc .60 0.08 -0.02 -0.16 -0.10 -0.16 -0.04 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.08 -0.14 -0.06 -0.

1.1.2 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.4.4. 4.2.4 MPa.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8. 4. 4.2.4.8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c.4. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall.2.4.71x1010 mm4.2. 4.2.4. 4. 4.5 Moment capacity of the section = 46150 N – m/m.4 Minimum area of steel = 2565 mm2.F.4 Minimum area of steel = 750 mm2/m 4.4.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.1.4.2. (B.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4.) 4.4.4. 4.4. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall).10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 217434 N.4.4. 4.76x1014 N-mm2 4.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm.4.2.9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 26550 N.2.4.1.06 Mu = 22361 N – m/m 4.4.doc .4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4.1.2 Effective depth of the back wall = 320 mm.) 4. 4.1.5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.F.1. 4.2 Design Of Back wall 4. 4.2.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996.1.1 Width of the transom = 950 mm. (B.4.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI =3.4.2.1 Thickness of the Back wall = 375 mm.4.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed. 4.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 2.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c.4.2.4.46 4.

4.7 Punching shear capacity of the footing = 17005570 N.8 Ratio of the punching shear capacity to applied punching shear = 2.4. 4.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm.2 Length of the footing = 12250 mm.3.4.4.52 4.3.3.3.3.6 Applied punching shear on the footing = 6750410 N.3. 4.4.3. 4. 46 4.3.15 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate applied moment In shorter direction = 121560 N-m/m.4.14 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction Md1 4. in shorter direction.3.3.13 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction (As-mini)  20 @ 200 mm c/c.4.3 Depth of the footing = 700 mm.47 4.4.3.4. at face of the support Mu1 4.4.4.11 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 4.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing 4.1 Width of the footing = 4600 mm. 4. 4. = 2. 4. 4.5 Effective depth of the footing = 615 mm. 4.10 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 5119052 N.3. = 348921 N–m/m. 4.4.4.3.3.9 Applied beam shear = 1146620 N.87 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.12 Ultimate moment.doc .3.4.4.4.4.

1.1 Unit weight of the granular backfill (soil)  soil = 17300 N/m3.63 m3/sec. 4. 2.5 Height of the CRM wall = 7525 mm.2 Intensity of the rain fall i = 90.1. 4. 1.48 I RCC T-GIRDER BRIDGE AT KM 54 + 720 1. 1.5 1.3 Width of the CRM wall at bottom = 4800 mm.8 Width of footing = 7400 mm.53mm/hr.1.0 SUPER STRUCTURE 3. 3. 4. 4.1.3 Recommended value to be used for the general geology anticipated at the left abutment of the bridge (Weathered or broken rocks) = 0.1.0 SUB – STRUCTURE DESIGN 4.2 Width of the CRM wall at top = 950 mm.4 Length of the CRM wall (Transverse to the Traffic direction) = 10250 mm.1. Spread footing.1 Catchment area Acatch = 2.7 Type of footing R.1 General Information 4. 4.29Km2. 4.2 Angle of internal friction of the granular backfill  = 35 2. 4. Shaw pp/297). 4.48 MPa.1 Type of abutment CRM Abutment.9 Length of footing = 12250 mm.1 Same As 52+08 4.3 Coefficient of run off C = 0.4 Discharge (100 years) Q = 36.1. Rational formula for discharges (Hydrology in Practice by Elezabeth M.C.1. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.6 Total Height of abutment (from bottom of the footing to the deck Level) = 10750 mm.1.10 Depth of footing  = 750 mm. 4.1. 2.0 GEOTECHNICAL INFORMATION 2.doc .C.0 HYDROLOGICAL INFORMATION (Ref: AASHTO LRFD) 1.

3.92 4.2.7 Factor of safety against sliding (F.1 Stresses at toe of the footing qmax = .48 MPa. 4.O.8 Factor of safety against overturning (F.5 4. 4. 4.2.4 Total sliding force = 3.03 X 106 N.6 Coefficient of friction between the CRM wall and footing = 0. 4.2.33 Pressure Distribution At Base Of The Footing.49 4.3 Presumptive allowable bearing capacity = 0.S.doc .3 Weight of the structure on the footing (including weight of the footing and backfill) =13.0. 4.) over turning.17 MPa.2. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 4.52 X 106 N – m.82 X 106 N.3.2 Stability Analysis Of The Abutments.3.5 Total overturning moment about toe of the CRM wall = 12.2 Stresses at heel of the footing qmin = .S.O. 4.3 Total stabilizing moment about toe of the CRM wall = 41. 4. 4.)sliding = 1.2. = 3.2.14 MPa.2.1 4.67 X 106 N – m.2 Total stabilizing force (weight of footing is not included) = 5.05 X 106 N.0.2.

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.14 -0.04 Pressure ( Mpa ) -0.doc .14 -0.10 -0.50 Pressure Distribution Diagram for the Abutment Footing Distance from the toe 7.40 0.00 -0.16 -0.17 -0.12 -0.02 -0.08 -0.06 -0.18 PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION DIAGRAM FOR THE ABUTMENT FOOTING .00 0.

4.4.1.5 Moment capacity of the section = 46150 N – m/m. Its flexural rigidity is more than sufficient to distribute the load uniformly over the abutment and to take care for any localized differential settlement in CRM wall. 4.1.6 Ratio of ultimate moment capacity and ultimate applied moment = 2.4 MPa.4.4.1 Thickness of the Back wall = 375 mm.F.1 Width of the transom = 950 mm.1.4.2 Depth of the transom = 600 mm. 4.4.4 Structural Design Of Sub – Structure Ancillary Elements 4.06 4.4.71 x 1010 mm4.1.4. 4.2.3 Ultimate moment at base of the Back wall 4.2 Design Of Back wall 4.2 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567. 4.4. 4.2.4.F.) 4.4.4.doc .4.4.2.) 4.4. 4.1.6 Modulus of elasticity of the transom concrete E = 21996.2.11 Ratio of the ultimate shear capacity to ultimate applied shear = 8. 4. 4.2.1. (B.4.51 4.7 Main reinforcement steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c.4.1.2. Note: The transom is provided as a rigid element to distribute the load of super structure at top of the abutment wall (CRM wall). 4.76 x 1014 N-mm2 4.4.3 Effective depth of the transom = 540 mm.10 Ultimate shear capacity of the back wall = 217434 N.1.4.9 Ultimate shear at base of the Back wall = 26550 N.1 Design Of Girder Seat/Transom 4.2.2.7 Flexural rigidity of the transom EI = 3.2.8 Shrinkage steel  10 @ 200 mm c/c. (B.4 Minimum area of steel = 2565 mm2.4.4 Mu = 22367 N – m/m Minimum area of steel = 675 mm2/m 4. 4.4. 4.8 Reinforcement steel  20 8 bars uniformly distributed.2.5 Moment of inertia of the transom I = 1.2 Effective depth of the back wall = 320 mm. 4.2.

9 Ultimate moment. 4.3.8 Ratio of the beam shear capacity to the applied beam shear = 2.doc .5 Effective depth of the footing = 665 mm.4.3.4.4 Clear cover for the flexural steel = 75 mm. = 2.4.82 4.3.4.3.4. 4.3.3 Design Of The Abutment Footing 4. at face of the support Mu1 4.10 Reinforcement steel provided in shorter direction (As-mini)  20 @ 175 mm c/c.02 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/302075567.3.11 Ultimate moment capacity in shorter direction Md1 4.3. 4. = 430791 N–m/m.52 4. 4.3. 4.2 Length of the footing = 12250 mm.4.3.12 Ratio of the ultimate moment capacity to ultimate applied moment In shorter direction = 213220 N-m/m.4.4.4. 4. 4.3.7 Beam shear capacity of the footing = 5535235 N.1 Width of the footing = 7400 mm.4.3 Depth of the footing = 750 mm.3. in shorter direction.4.4.3.4.6 Applied beam shear = 1962820 N. 4.