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The term narcotic (/nɑːrˈkɒtᵻk/, from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make

numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with any
sleep-inducing properties. In the United States it has since become
associated with opiates and opioids, commonly morphine and heroin, as well
derivatives of many of the compounds found within raw opium latex; The
primary three are morphine, codeine, and thebaine (while thebaine itself is
only very mildly psychoactive, it is a crucial precursor in the vast majority of
semi-synthetic opioids, such as hydrocodone). Legally speaking the term
"Narcotic" is, today, imprecisely defined and typically has negative
connotations.[1][2] When used in a legal context in the U.S., a narcotic drug
is simply one that is totally prohibited, or one that is used in violation of
governmental regulation, such as heroin or cannabis.

In the medical community, the term is more precisely defined, and generally
does not carry the same negative connotations.[3][4][5]

Statutory classification of a drug as a narcotic often increases the penalties
for violation of drug control statutes. For example, although federal law
classifies both cocaine and amphetamine as "Schedule II" drugs, the penalty
for possession of cocaine is greater than the penalty for possession of
amphetamines because cocaine, unlike amphetamines, is classified as a
narcotic.[6] Both cocaine and amphetamines are stimulants. A narcotic is
classified under depressants.[7]

Contents [hide]
1

United Nations

1.1

Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961

1.2

INCB Yellow List

2

World Health Organization

2.1
Studies on the definition of counterfeit medicines in WHO member
states
2.2
Lexicon of alcohol and drug terms published by the World Health
Organization
3

United States

but also synthetic narcotics such as methadone and pethidine. 1961[edit] The adoption of this Convention is regarded as a milestone in the history of international drug control. The Single Convention codified all existing multilateral treaties on drug control and extended the existing control systems to include the cultivation of plants that were grown as the raw material of narcotic drugs.3. Opium smoking and eating. The Convention divides drugs into four groups. coca and cocaine. cannabis resin smoking and the non-medical use of cannabis are prohibited.1 US v. distribution. as well as cannabis. traffic in and use of narcotics. manufacture and production of drugs exclusively to medical and scientific purposes and to address drug trafficking through international cooperation to deter and discourage drug traffickers. codeine and heroin.[9] INCB Yellow List[edit] This document contains the current list of narcotic drugs under international control and additional information to assist governments in filling in the . or schedules. Stieren 4 History 5 Analgesics 6 See also 7 References 8 External links United Nations[edit] Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. coca leaf chewing. The Convention also established the International Narcotics Control Board. use. export. trade. merging the Permanent Central Board and the Drug Supervisory Board. They include mainly plant-based products such as opium and its derivatives morphine. The principal objectives of the Convention are to limit the possession. in order to enforce a greater or lesser degree of control for the various substances and compounds. It also highlights the need to provide treatment and rehabilitation services to drug abusers. The 1972 Protocol to this Convention calls for increased efforts to prevent illicit production of. import.[8] The 1961 Convention exercises control over more than 116 narcotic drugs.

the legal definition of a narcotic is whether or not it is listed on the Schedules of the Convention. during litigation. form A. coma.2 The nature of legal definitions: the unambiguity requirement In order to avoid room for difference in interpretation.g.. etc. or insensibility to pain (also called narcotic analgesic). If it is on some of the Schedules. insensibility. Assessment of the definitions of counterfeit medicines (or equivalent) in Member States 4. namely. stupor. sleep. “narcotic drug” means any drug defined as such under the 1961 Convention. In doing so. form B and form C. Narcotics are substances and preparations that induce drowsiness. a chemical agent that induces stupor. they approach the term from the law enforcement point of view. Thus.International Narcotics Control Board questionnaires related to narcotic drugs.[12] Lexicon of alcohol and drug terms published by the World Health Organization[edit] The term usually refers to . e. and that these effects (and their rate) are complicated to prove. In the context of international drug control. The best example is the definition of narcotics in the United Nations Conventions.[11] World Health Organization[edit] Studies on the definition of counterfeit medicines in WHO member states[edit] 4.[10] In medicine. law-makers (codificators) sometimes deviate from etymological (definiendum plus definientia) definitions. it is narcotic.