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ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. Steve Mercano
COVERAGE 1

both domestic and foreign markets.
However, the State shall protect Filipino
enterprises
against
unfair
foreign
competition and trade practices.

I. Relevant Constitutional Provisions
1987 Constitution

Article 2
SECTION 15. The State shall protect and
promote the right to health of the people
and instill health consciousness among
them.
SECTION 16. The State shall protect and
advance the right of the people to a
balanced and healthful ecology in accord
with the rhythm and harmony of nature.

Article 12
National Economy and Patrimony

SECTION 1. The goals of the national
economy are a more equitable distribution
of opportunities, income, and wealth; a
sustained increase in the amount of goods
and services produced by the nation for
the benefit of the people; and an
expanding productivity as the key to
raising the quality of life for all, especially
the underprivileged.
The State shall promote industrialization
and full employment based on sound
agricultural development and agrarian
reform, through industries that make full
and efficient use of human and natural
resources, and which are competitive in

In the pursuit of these goals, all sectors of
the economy and all regions of the
country
shall
be
given
optimum
opportunity
to
develop.
Private
enterprises,
including
corporations,
cooperatives,
and
similar
collective
organizations, shall be encouraged to
broaden the base of their ownership.

SECTION 2. All lands of the public domain,
waters, minerals, coal, petroleum, and
other mineral oils, all forces of potential
energy, fisheries, forests or timber,
wildlife, flora and fauna, and other natural
resources are owned by the State. With
the exception of agricultural lands, all
other natural resources shall not be
alienated. The exploration, development,
and utilization of natural resources shall
be under the full control and supervision
of the State. The State may directly
undertake such activities, or it may enter
into co-production, joint venture, or
production-sharing
agreements
with
Filipino citizens, or corporations or
associations at least sixty per centum of
whose capital is owned by such citizens.
Such agreements may be for a period not
exceeding twenty-five years, renewable
for not more than twenty-five years, and
under such terms and conditions as may
be provided by law. In cases of water
rights
for
irrigation,
water
supply,
fisheries, or industrial uses other than the
development of water power, beneficial
use may be the measure and limit of the
grant.
The State shall protect the nation’s marine
wealth in its archipelagic waters, territorial

Prepared by JLME

Steve Mercano sea. or grant. such forest lands and national parks shall be conserved and may not be increased nor diminished. renewable for not more than twenty-five years. forest or timber. marking clearly their boundaries on the ground. In such agreements. and subject to the requirements of agrarian reform. The Congress shall. The President may enter into agreements with foreign-owned corporations involving either technical or financial assistance for large-scale exploration. determine by law the specific limits of forest lands and national parks. petroleum. for a period not exceeding twenty-five years. as soon as possible.Page | 2 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. and development. the Congress shall determine. and utilization of minerals. The Congress may. or acquire not more than twelve hectares thereof by purchase. development. or leased and the conditions therefor. and reserve its use and enjoyment exclusively to Filipino citizens. and exclusive economic zone. by law. The President shall notify the Congress of every contract entered into in accordance with this provision. and not to exceed one thousand hectares in area. bays. Individuals and private groups. based on real contributions to the economic growth and general welfare of the country. with priority to subsistence fishermen and fishworkers in rivers. Agricultural lands of the public domain may be further classified by law according to the uses which they may be devoted. and lagoons. for such period as it may determine. within thirty days from its execution. lakes. SECTION 5. ecology. Citizens of the Philippines may lease not more than five hundred hectares. and other mineral oils according to the general terms and conditions provided by law. the size of lands of the public domain which may be acquired. Private corporations or associations may not hold such alienable lands of the public domain except by lease. SECTION 6. and cultural well-being. Alienable lands of the public domain shall be limited to agricultural lands. by law. Taking into account the requirements of conservation. the State shall promote the development and use of local scientific and technical resources. as well as cooperative fish farming. SECTION 3. shall protect the rights of indigenous cultural communities to their ancestral lands to ensure their economic. social. homestead. SECTION 4. The Congress shall provide. The use of property bears a social function. Lands of the public domain are classified into agricultural. except by law. subject to the provisions of this Constitution and national development policies and programs. developed. and national parks. allow smallscale utilization of natural resources by Filipino citizens. held. mineral lands. including Prepared by JLME . and all economic agents shall contribute to the common good. The State. The Congress may provide for the applicability of customary laws governing property rights or relations in determining the ownership and extent of ancestral domain. measures to prohibit logging in endangered forests and watershed areas. Thereafter.

establish. No franchise. no private lands shall be transferred or conveyed except to individuals. cooperatives. Neither shall any such franchise or right be granted except under the condition that it shall be subject to amendment. various private sectors. SECTION 9. privileges. the State shall give preference to qualified Filipinos. and similar collective organizations. when the national interest dictates. The Congress may establish an independent economic and planning agency headed by the President. SECTION 8. SECTION 11. shall have the right to own. and concessions covering the national economy and patrimony. The Congress shall enact measures that will encourage the formation and operation of enterprises whose capital is wholly owned by Filipinos. certificate. Steve Mercano corporations. the National Economic and Development Authority shall function as the independent planning agency of the government. and all Prepared by JLME . nor shall such franchise. upon recommendation of the economic and planning agency. recommend to Congress. or such higher percentage as Congress may prescribe. certain areas of investments. reserve to citizens of the Philippines or to corporations or associations at least sixty per centum of whose capital is owned by such citizens. and operate economic enterprises. The participation of foreign investors in the governing body of any public utility enterprise shall be limited to their proportionate share in its capital.Page | 3 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. and local government units. The State shall encourage equity participation in public utilities by the general public. or associations qualified to acquire or hold lands of the public domain. SECTION 7. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 7 of this Article. corporations. and implement continuing integrated and coordinated programs and policies for national development. subject to the duty of the State to promote distributive justice and to intervene when the common good so demands. The Congress shall. a natural-born citizen of the Philippines who has lost his Philippine citizenship may be a transferee of private lands. Save in cases of hereditary succession. alteration. SECTION 10. or any other form of authorization for the operation of a public utility shall be granted except to citizens of the Philippines or to corporations or associations organized under the laws of the Philippines at least sixty per centum of whose capital is owned by such citizens. or authorization be exclusive in character or for a longer period than fifty years. Until the Congress provides otherwise. after consultations with the appropriate public agencies. The State shall regulate and exercise authority over foreign investments within its national jurisdiction and in accordance with its national goals and priorities. which shall. or repeal by the Congress when the common good so requires. subject to limitations provided by law. certificate. In the grant of rights.

The sustained development of a reservoir of national talents consisting of Filipino scientists. and patriotism. The Congress shall create an agency to promote the viability and growth of cooperatives as instruments for social justice and economic development. SECTION 13. upon payment of just compensation. They shall also be subject to such other Prepared by JLME . SECTION 19. managers. The State shall promote the preferential use of Filipino labor. integrity. or regulation of private corporations. except by general law. the majority of whom shall come from the private sector. domestic materials and locally produced goods. In times of national emergency. The Congress shall not. The State may. The Congress shall establish an independent central monetary authority. during the emergency and under reasonable terms prescribed by it. when the public interest so requires. SECTION 18. SECTION 14. establish and operate vital industries and. The State shall pursue a trade policy that serves the general welfare and utilizes all forms and arrangements of exchange on the basis of equality and reciprocity. the members of whose governing board must be natural-born Filipino citizens. organization. Government-owned or controlled corporations may be created or established by special charters in the interest of the common good and subject to the test of economic viability. The State shall encourage appropriate technology and regulate its transfer for the national benefit. transfer to public ownership utilities and other private enterprises to be operated by the Government. SECTION 20. and adopt measures that help make them competitive. high-level technical manpower and skilled workers and craftsmen in all fields shall be promoted by the State. save in cases prescribed by law. The State shall regulate or prohibit monopolies when the public interest so requires. SECTION 17. provide for the formation. the State may. entrepreneurs. of known probity. professionals. Steve Mercano the executive and managing officers of such corporation or association must be citizens of the Philippines. SECTION 16. temporarily take over or direct the operation of any privately owned public utility or business affected with public interest. SECTION 15.Page | 4 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. SECTION 12. in the interest of national welfare or defense. No combinations in restraint of trade or unfair competition shall be allowed. The practice of all professions in the Philippines shall be limited to Filipino citizens.

and credit. SECTION 22. SECTION 21. Until the Congress otherwise provides. banking. Information on foreign loans obtained or guaranteed by the Government shall be made available to the public. The authority shall provide policy direction in the areas of money. operating under existing laws. as may be provided by law.Page | 5 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. shall function as the central monetary authority. It shall have supervision over the operations of banks and exercise such regulatory powers as may be provided by law over the operations of finance companies and other institutions performing similar functions. Steve Mercano qualifications and disabilities as may be prescribed by law. Prepared by JLME . Acts which circumvent or negate any of the provisions of this Article shall be considered inimical to the national interest and subject to criminal and civil sanctions. Foreign loans may only be incurred in accordance with law and the regulation of the monetary authority. the Central Bank of the Philippines.

urbanization. THEREFORE. productive and aesthetic environment.Page | 6 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. It Prepared by JLME . integrated program of environmental protection that will bring about a concerted effort towards the protection of the entire spectrum of the environment through a requirement of environmental impact assessments and statements: NOW. FERDINAND E. demands of population growth. (c) encourage the widest exploitation of the environment without degrading it. discharge and fulfill the responsibilities of each generation as trustee and guardian of the environment for succeeding generations. there is now an urgent need to formulate an intensive. In furtherance of these goals and policies. Goal. consistent with other essential considerations of national policy. Section 3. WHEREAS. healthful. decent. to use all practicable means. (b) to fulfill the social. such tunnel-vision concept is not conducive to the attainment of an ideal environmental situation where man and nature can thrive in harmony with one another. in cooperation with concerned private organizations and entities. maintain and improve conditions under which man and nature can thrive in productive and enjoyable harmony with each other. at times. Right to a Healthy Environment. economic and other requirements of present and future generations of Filipinos. the Government recognizes the right of the people to a healthful environment. (e) attain a rational and orderly balance between population and resource use. rapid natural resources utilization and increasing technological advances have resulted in a piecemeal-approach concept of environmental protection. conflicting. (d) preserve important historic and cultural aspects of the Philippine heritage. MARCOS. do hereby order and decree: Section 1. Steve Mercano II. it shall be the responsibility of the Government. and (c) to insure the attainment of an environmental quality that is conducive to a life of dignity and well-being. Policy. the individual and. President of the Philippines. and (f) improve the utilization of renewable and non-renewable resources. (b) assure the people of a safe. health and safety or creating conditions adverse to agriculture. I. 1151 PHILIPPINE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY WHEREAS. and WHEREAS. in promoting the general welfare to the end that the Nation may (a) recognize. It is hereby declared a continuing policy of the State (a) to create. by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution. commerce and industry. Section 2. industrial expansion. Philippine Environmental Policy PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. In pursuing this policy. or endangering human life. develop.

PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. Section 4. Done in the City of Manila this 6th day of June in the year of Our Lord. Section 6. their respective guidelines. and Before an environmental impact statement is issued by a lead agency. all agencies and instrumentalities of the national government. (e) whenever a proposal involve the use of depletable or non-renewable resources. (d) a determination that the short-term uses of the resources of the environment are consistent with the maintenance and enhancement of the long-term productivity of the same. All Acts. project or undertaking (b) any adverse environmental effect which cannot be avoided should the proposal be implemented.Page | 7 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. Section 5. The different agencies charged with environmental protection as enumerated in Letter of Instruction No. within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Decree. amended or modified accordingly. 4 hereof on environmental impact assessments and statements. project or undertaking which significantly affects the quality of the environment a detail statement on (a) the environmental impact of the proposed action. Effectivity. 422 shall. a finding must be made that such use and commitment are warranted. file and include in every action. as well as private corporations firms and entities shall prepare. or special expertise on. including government-owned or controlled corporations. nineteen hundred and seventy-nine. Steve Mercano shall be the duty and responsibility of each individual to contribute to the preservation and enhancement of the Philippine environment. executive orders. rules and regulations or parts thereof which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree are hereby repealed. submit to the National Environmental Protection Council (NEPC). rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of Sec. (c) alternative to the proposed action. Pursuant to the above enunciated policies and goals. 1. all agencies having jurisdiction over. Repealing Clause. the subject matter involved shall comment on the draft environmental impact statement made by the lead agency within thirty (30) days from receipt of the same. Environmental Impact Statements. Presidential Decrees. Section 7. Agency Guidelines. 1586 Prepared by JLME . This Decree shall take effect immediately.

for every proposed project and undertaking Ambient Air Quality means the average atmospheric purity as distinguished from discharge measurements taken at the source of pollution. Rules and Regulations. the pursuit of a comprehensive and integrated environment protection program necessitates the establishment and institutionalization of a system whereby the exigencies of socio-economic undertakings can be reconciled with the requirements of environmental quality. No. Policy. Sec 62. firms and entities. as well as private corporations. Penalty for Violation. consistent with the powers and responsibilities of the National Pollution Control Commission as provided in P. Implementing Rules of PD 1586 Article I Prepared by JLME . There is hereby established an Environmental Impact Statement System founded and based on the environmental impact statement required. Steve Mercano ESTABLISHING AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SYSTEM. which significantly affect the quality of the environment. rules and regulations issued by the National Environmental Protection Council pursuant to this Decree shall be punished by the suspension or cancellation of his/its certificate or and/or a fine in an amount not to exceed Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50. or the terms and conditions in the issuance of the Environmental Compliance Certificate. Section 1. of all agencies and instrumentalities of the national government.Page | 8 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. Par I. The National Environmental Protection Council shall issue the necessary rules and regulations to implement this Decree. corporation or partnership found violating Section 4 of this Decree. It is the general amount of pollution present in a broad area. or of the standards. the National Pollution Control Commission may be availed of as one of its implementing arms. under Section 4 of Presidential Decree No. It is hereby declared the policy of the State to attain and maintain a rational and orderly balance between socio-economic growth and environmental protection.000. 3. including government-owned or controlled corporations.D. the regulatory requirements of environmental Impact Statements and Assessments instituted in pursuit of this national environmental protection program have to be worked into their full regulatory and procedural details in a manner consistent with the goals of the program. Section 8. For this purpose.00) for every violation thereof. Any person. at the discretion of the National Environmental Protection Council. Environmental Impact Statement System. WHEREAS. INCLUDING OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT RELATED MEASURES AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES WHEREAS. Section 9. 2. 1151. Title VI of Philippine Environment Code Section 2. 984.

and in some cases. It includes an Environmental Management Plan/Program that the may have significant environment. or b. The ECC contains specific measures and conditions that the project proponent has to undertake before and during the operation of a project. Sec 6 and 7 Rights and obligations of interested parties and duties and responsibilities of a project proponent Section 6.Surrounding air. flora. proponent will fund and implement to protect the environment. Serious errors in the review findings. land. the project proponent and/or EIA Consultant that serves as an application for an fauna. Prepared by JLME .any activity. water (both ground and surface). Frivolous appeals shall not be countenanced. certifying that based on the representations of the proponent. 1151 which shall have jurisdiction to undertake the preparation of the necessary environmental impact statements on declared environmentally critical projects and areas. All Environmental Impact Statements shall be submitted to the National Environmental Protection Council for review and evaluation.document. The negative: ECC also the proponent has complied with all the requirements of the EIS System and has committed to implement its approved Environmental Management Plan. within 15 days from receipt of such decision.document issued by the DENR/EMB after a positive review of an ECC application. Appeal Any party aggrieved by the final decision on the ECC / CNC applications may. Steve Mercano Sec 3 Definition of Terms : *Environment .Page | 9 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. regardless of scale or magnitude. The DENR may adopt alternative conflict/dispute resolution procedures as a means to settle grievances between proponents and aggrieved parties to avert unnecessary legal action. * Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) . file an appeal on the following grounds: a. which environment. humans and their interrelations. the proposed project or undertaking will not cause environmental certifies that significant impact. Grave abuse of discretion on the part of the deciding authority. prepared and submitted by Section 3 Functions of Lead Agencies Determination of Lead Agency. ECC. The Minister of Human Settlements or his designated representative is hereby authorized to name the lead agencies referred to in Section 4 of Presidential Decree No. during the project's abandonment phase to mitigate identified environmental impacts. impact on the * Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC). It is a comprehensive study of the significant impacts of a project on the *Project or Undertaking .

The EIA Process in Relation to the Project Planning Cycle Proponents are directed under AO 42 to conduct simultaneously the environmental impact study and the project planning or feasibility study. EMB may validate whether or not the EIS was integrated with project planning by requiring relevant documentary proofs. Sec 1.P a g e | 10 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. Steve Mercano The proponent or any stakeholder may file an appeal to the following: Deciding Authority Where to file the appeal EMB Regional Office Director Office of the EMB Director EMB Central Office Office of the DENR Secretary DENR Secretary Office of the President Section 7. such as the terms of reference for the feasibility study and copies of the feasibility study report. Project proponents are responsible for determining and disclosing all relevant information necessary for a methodical ' assessment of the environmental impacts of their projects. c. The EMB shall study the potential application of EIA to policy-based undertakings as a further step toward integrating and streamlining the EIS system. Prepared by JLME .

10. 12.. 8. with primary pristine and dense young growth. Recharged areas of aquifers.P a g e | 11 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. on which people are dependent for their livelihood. 9. Infrastructure Projects a. Basic Policy and Operating Principles Consistent with the principles of sustainable development. watershed reserves. Environmentally Critical Projects I. Major roads and bridges. d. a.Major mining and quarrying projects b. The EIS System is concerned primarily with assessing the direct and indirect impacts of a project on the biophysical and human environment and ensuring that these impacts P re addressed by appropriate environmental protection and enhancement measures. strong winds and storm floods. volcanic activity. c. 4. tapped for domestic purposes. adjoining mouth of major river systems. Steve Mercano ARTICLE II Declaration of Environmentally Critical Projects or Areas PROCLAMATION NO. nuclear fueled. with 50% and above live coralline cover. etc. Iron and steel mills c. The following are the key operating principles in the implementation of the Philippine EIS System: a.Petroleum and petro-chemical industries including oil and gas d. Logging 2. Areas which constitute the habitat for any endangered or threatened species of indigenous Philippine Wildlife (flora and fauna). Section 1. which act as natural buffers against shore erosion. Fishery Projects 1. floods. Environmentally Critical Areas 1. Major power plants (fossil-fueled. Grazing c. c. B. Heavy Industries a. 11.. 7. b. Spawning and nursery grounds for fish. Areas with critical slopes. 3. Areas set aside as aesthetic potential tourist spots. Water bodies characterized by one or any combination of the following conditions. typhoons. b. 5.Extraction of mangrove products 6. Major dams b.Non-ferrous metal industries b. within the controlled and/or protected areas declared by appropriate authorities. Coral reef characterized by one or any combination of the following conditions:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary a. b. b. e. 2. The EIS System aids proponents in incorporating environmental considerations in Prepared by JLME . Areas classified as prime agricultural lands. Areas of unique historic. Smelting plants II. which support wildlife and fishery activities. archaeological . Areas frequently visited and/or hard-hit by natural calamities geologic hazards. near or adjacent to traditional productive fry or fishing grounds. 6. Major wood processing projects 3. Which act as natural breakwater of coastlines. c. hydroelectric or geothermal) c. Major reclamation projects d. 2146 of 1981 A. Dikes for fishpond development projects III. wildlife preserves and sanctuaries. Resource Extractive Industries a. Mangrove areas characterized by one or any combination or the following conditions:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary a. Areas which are traditionally occupied by cultural communities or tribes. Introduction of fauna (exotic-animals) in public/private forests 4. it is the policy of the DENR to implement a systems-oriented and integrated approach to the LIS system to ensure a rational balance between socio-economic development and environmental protection for the benefit of present and future generations. All areas declared by law as national parks. Forest occupancy 5. Forestry projects 1. or scientific interests.

The EMB may publish the identities of firms that are in violation of the EIA Law and its Implementing Rules and Regulations despite repeated Notices of Violation and/or Cease and Desist Orders. Prepared by JLME . An appeal or any motion seeking to lift the CDO shall not stay its effectivity. Such CDO shall be effective immediately. g. apply only to processes and actions within the Environmental Management Bureau's (EMB) control and do not include actions or activities that are the responsibility of the proponent. and its Implementing Rules and Regulations. The review of the EIS by EMB shall be guided by three general criteria: (1) that environmental considerations are integrated into the overall project planning. (2) that the assessment is technically sound and proposed environmental mitigation. c. the DENR shall act on such appeal or motion within ten (10) working days from filing. d. and accurate disclosure of relevant: information by project proponents and.P a g e | 12 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty.000. or the terms and conditions in the issuance of the Environmental Compliance Certificate. and (3) that . However. Any person. Penalty for Violation. The EMB Director or the EMB-RD may issue a Cease and Desist Order (CDO) based on violations under the Philippine EIS System to prevent grave or irreparable damage to the environment. at the discretion of the National Environmental Protection Council. rules and regulations issued by the National Environmental Protection Council pursuant to this Decree shall be punished by the suspension or cancellation of his/its certificate or and/or a fine in an amount not to exceed Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50. 1586. corporation or partnership found violating Section 4 of this Decree. Fines.00) for every violation thereof. Steve Mercano planning their projects as well as in determining the environment's impact on their project. ARTICLE 1V Section 16. measures are effective. The social acceptability of a project is a result of meaningful public participation. e. PD 1586 Section 9. Penalties And Sanctions The EMB Central Office or Regional Office Directors shall impose penalties upon persons or entities found violating provisions of P. The timelines prescribed by this Order. social acceptability is based on informed public participation. or of the standards. or denied.D. Details of the Fines and Penalty Structure shall be covered by a separate order. which shall be assessed as part of the Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) application. within which an Environmental Compliance Certificate must be issued. Project proponents are responsible for determining and disclosing all relevant information necessary for a methodical ' assessment of the environmental impacts of their projects. based on concerns related to the project's environmental impacts. other stakeholders in the EIA process f. Effective regulatory review of the EIS depends largely on timely full.

The EUs of national government agencies and GOCCs shall assist in the preparation of EIS. lawphi1. are required to create their respective EUs. However. the integration of the EIS System early into the project development cycle would enhance and promote its desired function as a planning tool for sustainable economic development and environmental planning and conservation. EXECUTIVE ORDER January 12. in particular. President of the Philippines. IMPROVING THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SYSTEM SEC. It is the policy of the State that optimum economic development shall be achieved without delay and shall be pursued consistent with the principles of sustainable development. shall ensure the project's compliance with the conditions of the ECC. the State shall ensure that the present generation meets its needs without SEC. by virtue of the powers vested in my by law. and the EIS System. FIDEL V. upon securing the ECC. THEREFORE. in general. Hence. facilitate the securing of the ECCs of their respective projects and. with the end in view of minimizing or managing adverse environmental impacts of the proposed activity. Consistent with Section 4 (Environmental Impact Statements) of PD 1151 and upon approval of the Department of Budget and Management. 291 compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs.P a g e | 13 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. ensure that their respective agencies/GOCCs meet the procedural requirements of the EIS System.Establishment of In-house Environmental Units in All Implementing Agencies. I. The costs attendant to the establishment of these units shall be within the respective approved budgetary ceilings of the concerned agencies. WHEREAS. Prepared by JLME . The functions of the above-mentioned units are as follows: i. corporations. project proponents are hereby directed to simultaneously conduct the environmental impact study and the feasibility study of the proposed project. WHEREAS. 1996 NO.Simultaneous Conduct of the Environmental Impact Study and Feasibility Study. RAMOS. a systematic and cohesive EIS System shall ensure that national development goals are achieved as planned and without delay. To maximize the use of resources. NOW. government-owned and -controlled corporations (GOCCs) and government financial institutions (GFIs) are encouraged to create their respective environmental units (EUs). it is necessary to further strengthen the Environmental Management Bureau's and the DENR Regional Office's capabilities to effectively and efficiently accomplish their mandate in relation to the protection of the environment.net WHEREAS. National Government agencies. do hereby order: SECTION 1. the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System was established to facilitate the attainment and maintenance of a rational and orderly balance between socio-economic growth and environmental protection. Steve Mercano 4. the continued updating and improvement of the Philippine EIS System is vital to expedite the National Government's efforts to make the delivery of vital infrastructure to the country faster and be consistent with the principles of sustainable development. Declaration of Policy. all agencies. whose mandate includes the introduction of physical plants and infrastructure. 2. WHEREAS. Proponents are urged to use simultaneous conduct of the environmental impact study and the feasibility study as a planning tool. WHEREAS. and institutions. 3.

The importance of environmental impact assessment in pursuing balanced economic growth will have to be supported by continuing efforts to further upgrade DENR-EMB's and DENR Regional Office's capabilities to undertake fast and efficient review of EIS. SEC. lawphi1.P a g e | 14 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Reviewer under Atty. rules and regulations or portions thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Executive Order are hereby repealed or amended. These efforts shall include but are not limited to the expansion of the EIA Review Committee members and setting their honoraria within the limits and qualifications set forth by DBM National Compensation Circulars. Steve Mercano ii. 6. SEC. issuances. 5. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) shall monitor compliance with the ECC.Repealing Clause. dissemination and enforcement of policies on environmental standards and compliance monitoring. SEC.net DONE in the City of Manila. PD 2146 (See Environmentally Projects/Areas) and Declaration of Critical DENR Administrative Order 96-37 (Attached pp1-5) Prepared by JLME . All orders. 4. 5. Effectivity.Continuous Strengthening of the Environmental Impact Assessment Capability of the DENR. The EUs of the GFIs shall ensure that loan or related funding applications of government and private institutions have complied with the EIS System. and be in-charge of the formulation. circulars. Nineteen Hundred and Ninety-Six. This Order shall take effect immediately. this 12th day of January in the year of Our Lord.