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Opis/ Cuprins

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Numbers / Numerele .................................................................................
Ordinal Numbers / numere ordinale ..............................................................
Numeracy / aritmetica ...............................................................................
Time / ceas ..............................................................................................
The alphabet / Alfabet

Week days, months, seasons of the year / zilele saptamanii, lunile, anotimpurile anului

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Prepositions / prepozitii .............................................................................
Dates / date

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The verb ‘to be’ / verbul “ a fi” .....................................................................
The verb ‘to have’ / verbul “a avea” ..............................................................
Modal verbs / verbele modale ......................................................................
Possesive adjectives / adjective posesive .......................................................
Possesive pronouns / pronume posesive ........................................................
Plural nouns / pluralul substantivelor ............................................................
Saxon Genitive / Genitivul englezesc .............................................................
Articles / Articole ......................................................................................
Prepositions of place / Prepozitii de loc..........................................................
Comparison of adjectives / Compararea adjectivelor .........................................
Tenses / Timpurile (verbelor) ......................................................................
Passive voice Diateza pasiva (raport dintre subiect si actiunea verbului) ...............
Sequence of tenses / Concordanta timpurilor ..................................................
Reported Speech / vorbire indirecta ..............................................................
Irregular verbs / verbe neregulate ................................................................
Modes of address / moduri de adresare .........................................................
Education / Educatie/studii .........................................................................
Employment and Profession / experienta profesionala ......................................
Nationalities / nationalitati .........................................................................
Border crossing / Punct de trecere a frontierei ................................................
Family / familie ........................................................................................
Music / Muzica ..........................................................................................
Sports and games / sporturi si jocuri .............................................................
At a train station / la o statie de tren ............................................................
Questions on a subject / intrebari

Detailed questions / intrebari detaliate

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At a job center / la o agentie de plasare a fortei de munca ...................................
Cinema /Cinema.....................................................................................................
Plants / plante .......................................................................................................
Making friends / cum sa iti faci prieteni..................................................................
Talking about weather / vorbind despre vreme .....................................................
Parts of a body / partile corpului ...........................................................................
Clothes and accessories / haine si accesorii ..........................................................
Colours / culori.......................................................................................................
At home / acasa...................................................................................................
Travelling by bus / calatorind cu autobuzul ..........................................................
Giving instructions/ cum sa dai instructiuni............................................................
Asking for information/ cum sa ceri o informatie ....................................................
Making telephone calls / efectuarea de apeluri telefonice......................................
First aid/ primul ajutor........................................................................................
At the hospital / la spital......................................................................................
A report of investigation / Raportul investigatiei....................................................
Stressful situations on a bus / situatii stresante in autobuz .................................
At the bank / la banca ...........................................................................................
Road signs / semen de circulatie............................................................................
The inside of a car / interiorul unei masini.............................................................
Your bus / autobuzul tau........................................................................................
Breakdowns/ accidente/daramari .........................................................................
Repairs/ Reparatii..................................................................................................
Technical dictionary/ dictionar tehnic............................................................
Interview questions - Part I intrebari interviu - partea I.................................
Interview questions - Part II / intrebari interviu - partea II..............................
Interview questions- Part III intrebari interviu - partea I..............................
Frequent interview questions / Intrebari frecvente ......................................
Questions about situations / intrebari despre situatii ............................................

Six 7 .Twenty one 22 .000.Twenty three 24 .Twenty two 23 .~4~ The alphabet / Alfabet A [ej] G [dżi:] M [em] S [es] Y [łaj] B [bi:] H [ejdż] N [en] T [ti:] Z [zet] C [si:] I [aj] O [oł] U [ju:] D [di:] J [dżej] P [pi:] V [vi:] E [i:] K [kej] Q [kju] W [dablju:] F [ef] L [el] R [ar:] X [ex] Numbers / numere 1 .Seven 8 .Ten 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 - 21 .Twenty six 27 .Five 6 .Forty .000 - a milion two million .Twenty four 25 .Nine 10 .a thousand 2.Two 3 .000 2.000.Seventy 1.Twenty eight 29 .Fifty .Thirty 40 50 60 .Four 5 .000 .two thousand Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen Twenty 80 90 100 101 167 200 - Eighty Ninety a hundred One hundred and one One hundred and sixty-seven Two hundred 1.Twenty nine 30 .Three 4 .Twenty seven 28 .Twenty five 26 .Eight 9 .One 2 .Sixty 70 .000 .

My telephone number is 01205 744322.lea 22.lea 4 . 55 p each 3 bilete de 55 p (pence) fiecare 2 one-day tickets at £ 2.20 fiecare si un bilet la Colchester la 65 p (pence) Numeracy / aritmetica Adding adunare + £ 7.lea 26.lea 9 .lea 31.lea 5 .lea 25.70 £ 1.30 .lea 7 .lea 11.15 £ 6.lea 24.05 £ 2.40 £ 1.lea 12.40 £ 5.lea 8 .lea 6 .05 £ 2. My telephone number is 01865 247023. My telephone number is 44 791 92 88 421.lea 23.10) 1 ticket at 90 p and 3 tickets at 30 p un bilet de 90 p (pence) si 3 bilete de 30 p (pence) 3 tickets.lea 28.20 each and one ticket to Colchester at 65p 2 bilete de 1 zi la £ 2.50 each and 2 return tickets at £ 3.lea the first the second the third the fourth the fifth the sixth the seventh the eighth the ninth the tenth the eleventh the twelfth 20.~5~ Telephone numbers: numere de telefon What’s your telephone number? Care este numarul tau de telefon? My telephone number is 01206 530777.10 (2 bilete dus la £ 1. Ordinal Numbers / numerele ordinale 1 -primul 2 -lea 3 . My telephone number is 01235 601107.lea 30.30 £ 3. Numarul meu de telefon este…. My telephone number is 0 502 763 367.lea 29.50 fiecare si 2 bilete dus-intors la £ 3.lea 21.lea the twentieth the twenty-first the twenty-second the twenty-third the twenty-fourth the twenty-fifth the twenty-sixth the twenty-seventh the twenty-eight the twenty-ninth the thirtieth the thirty-first What’s the total of the following: Care este totalul de la urmatoarele? • • • • 2 single tickets at £ 1.lea 10.lea 27.

00 £ 1.m.30 Time / timp [lector read by . p. Voi veni la ora 7. Este ora 1 si un sfert . Este ora 1 .00 £ 70. Este ora 3 . 7 a.It’s a quarter to one.00 £20..It’s ten minutes past five.00 £ 10.80 £ 2.It’s one o’clock.It’s three o’clock.m.00 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Substracting scadere _ £ 12.~6~ £ 6.m.7 seara What’s the time? Cat e ceasul? . clockwise] lectorul citeste in sensul acelor de ceasornic twelve o’clock ora 12 eleven o’clock ora 11 five to twelve 12 fara 5 a quater to twelve 12 fara un sfert twenty-five to twelve 12 fara 25 o’clock a.7 dimineata (inainte de miezul zilei) 7 p.20 £ 1..m. a quarter past to hour five minutes past eleven 11 si 5 minute a quater past eleven 11 si un sfert twenty-five past eleven 11 si 25 half past eleven 11 si jumatate eleven thirty 11 si jumatate -ora – -de la miezul noptii pana la ora 12 -de la 12 pana la miezul noptii -sfert de ora. 15 minute -trecut -pentru (data viitoare) -ora I will come at 7 o’clock.00 £ 45.65 £ 2. Este 5 si 10 minute (zece minute trecute din ora5) . 50 £ 10.00 £ 3.

It’s noon. Este ora 9 fara 25 (minute) It’s a quarter to one. Este aproape ora 12 It’s just gone six.five to nine. De abia a trecut de ora 6 It will be seven soon. . Este miezul zilei It’s about nine o’clock. Este aproape ora 9.~7~ - It’s twenty . Este ora 1 fara un sfert It’s five minutes to five. Va fi ora 7 in curand. Este trecut de ora 2 It’s almost twelve.five past eleven. It’s twenty . It’s past two. Este 11 si 25 (minute). Este ora 5 fara 5 minute.

.ianuarie ..... Week days..octombrie . months. lunile si anotimpurile anului Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday .sambata ......iulie . on Tuesday. in February.5 minutes past 5 is ........duminica Se scrie prima litera cu majuscule January February March April May June July August September October November December ..vara ..septembrie .februarie .16 minutes past 2 is .. ..toamna .iarna Se scrie cu litere mici Inainte se pune prepozitia ‘in’: Inainte se pune prepozitia ‘on’: on Monday.iunie .miercuri .....marti .aprilie ....luni .5 minutes before noon is .... .2 minutes before 4 in the afternoon is ...noiembrie . . ..~8~ What’s the time? Cat e ceasul? .martie . etc. etc. Inainte se pune prepozitia ‘in’: in January.... seasons of the year / zilele saptamanii..26 after midnight is ...august .vineri .... in summer.........mai ...joi ..... in winter ...decembrie Se scrie prima litera cu majuscule Spring Summer Autumn Winter -primavara .

Who. Who is driving? Cine conduce? A brake is used to stop a vehicle.. nineteen ninety-nine Inainte se pune prepozitia ‘on’.? Intrebari despre entitate (cei din jur) create ca propozitii affirmative la persoana a 3-a singular Billy is driving. What is used to stop a vehicle? Ce este folosit pentru a opri vehiculul? ...? What. Prepositions / prepozitii (pentru determinarea timpului) After At Before Between dupa la Inainte de intre by during for from in on till Anterior de In timpul pentru Din data de in In data de… De la after midnight – dupa miezul noptii at five o’clock – la ora 5 before dinner – inainte de cina between eight and nine – intre opt si noua by the 7th July – anterior de 7 iulie during the war – in timpul razboiului for two weeks – pentru 2 saptamani from Sunday – de duminica in June – in iunie on Monday – in data de duminica… till 4 o’clock – de la ora 4 Questions on a subject / intrebari pe o tema Intrebari despre entitate incepand de la….~9~ Dates / Date Data in engleza: Se scrie: Se citeste: 4th March 1999 the fourth of March nineteen ninety-nine Se scrie: Se citeste: March 4th 1999 March the fourth. O frana este folosita pentru a opri vehiculul. Billy conduce..

Franele nu functioneaza in autobuz.~ 10 ~ Tom is repairing a bus. in acest moment) autobuzul. Tom repara (acum. Who is repairing a bus? Cine repara autobuzul? Brakes do not work in a bus. What does not work in a bus? Ceni functio neaza in autobuz? .

. Prietenul sau a trecut (a obtinut) permisul de conducere... Întrebările specifice care necesita răspunsuri altele decât "da" sau "nu") . at the beginning of sentences . înainte de prima parte a hotărârii apar suplimentar cuvinte interogative ( Cât de mult . Bob will be starting a new career in Ireland. ).. before the first part of the ruling additionally appear so . Who . interrogative words ( How much . ie .. Where .... his friend has passed a driving licence. Bob va incepe o noua cariera in Irlanda.. .. for example . Who passed the driving licence? Cine a trecut/ obtinut permisul de conducere?. Cine . Henry repara o anvelopa Sparta... Why is Henry mending a tire? De ce repara Henry o anvelopa? The verb ‘to be’ / verbul “a fi” The verb 'to be' takes the following forms: In declarative sentences : Verbul " a fi" ia următoarele forme : în propoziții declarative : [ lector reads horizontally ] [ Lectorul citește orizontal ] .... That require answers other than 'yes' or 'no' ) .~ 11 ~ Detailed questions / intrebari detaliate The specific questions . Where will Bob be starting a new career? Unde va incepe Bob o noua cariera? Henry is mending a broken tire.. What ... la începutul frazei .

They are people. . is a student. are a teacher.~ 12 ~ Forma Forma lunga scurta eu Tu sunt esti el este ea este El(obiect) este I You He She It I am I'm You are You're He is She is It is am a driver. He's She's It's Forma lunga Noi Sunte m We Voi sunteti You Ei sunt Forma scurta are We're are You're They are They're We are Romanians. is a wife. is a dog. You are Bulgarians.

is not a dog. . is not a student. Sotia mea este profesoara. I am a taxi driver. In the question: esti tu? este el? este ea? A m Ar e Is Is este El(obiectul)? Is it? Sunt eu? Am I a driver? Are you a teacher? Is Is Is he a student? she a wife? it a dog? I? Sunem noi? Are we? you? he? she? Sunteti Voi? Are you? Sunt Ei? Are they? Are we drivers? Are you teachers? Are they people? Let’s meet Bob. You are not teachers. Sa il cunoastem / intalnim pe Bob. I am married. sunt Bob. They are not people.~ 13 ~ The denials : Negarile: [ lector reads horizontally ] Eu Tu El Ea El I You He She It Nu Nu Nu Nu Nu sunt esti este este este I You He She It am are is is is sunte not Noi Nu m We not Voi nu sunteti You not not ei nu sunt They not am not a driver. I am Bob. is not a wife. I am forty years old. Buna. are not are not are not We are not drivers. are not a teacher. Sunt sofer de taxi. I am a very disciplined person. Hello. My wife is a teacher. Sunt casatorit. Am 40 de ani. Sunt o persoana foarte disciplinata.

We have got two children.Noi avem 2 copii. Timisoara is very beautiful. Este la o distanta de 600 km de Bucuresti. Noi suntem din Timisoara. Ei sunt gemeni. It is 600 km from Bucharest. They are twins. Copiii au 12 ani. Timisoara este un oras foarte frumos. Our children are twelve years old. .~ 14 ~ We are from Timisoara.

Pot sa vorbesc in engleza.. a fi in masura sa…: I can speak English. I cannot mend a broken tire. Pot repara un pneu spart.. Do I have a driving licence? Am permis de conducere? I don’t have a driving licence. in sensul de a fi capabil. Modal verbs / verbe modale Verbele modale cele mai frecvent utilizate sunt: a) Can. Eu nu am obtinut un permis de conducere.~ 15 ~ The verb ‘to have’ / verbul “a avea” A avea = to have a) have I have a driving licence. ..negatia lui can poate fi can’t sau cannot. b) have got. Am permis de conducere. . Eu am luat/am obtinut un permis de conducere. I can mend a broken tire. a obtine I have got a driving licence. I can’t speak English. .forma la trecut este could sau was/were able to. Nu pot sa vorbesc engleza. Nu pot sa repar un pneu spart. Eu nu am permis de conducere. Have I got a driving licence? Am obtinut eu permis de conducere? I haven’t got a driving licence.

~ 16 ~ I could speak English. Am putut sa vorbesc engleza. Am putut sa repar un pneu spart. . I was able to mend a broken tire..

I must speak English. I must open the window. Employees mustn’t be rude to their customers. Tu nu trebuie sa consume alcool la locul de munca. Acest lucru/fapt ar putea sa nu ne permita sa ne luam o zi libera. Copiii mici nu trebuie sa deschida usa la straini.. care este folosit pentru a exprima propria lor vointa sau pentru a informa asupra deciziilor luate. Angajatii nu trebuie sa fie nepoliticosi cu clientii lor... I will help them tomorrow. Trebuie sa deschid fereastra. actually.negatia mustn’t: Little children mustn’t open the door to strangers.. Vremea ar putea fi destul de buna maine. . You mustn’t drink alcohol at work.negatia este may not. Trebuie sa vorbesc limba engleza... That may not allow us to take a day off.negatia este do not have to (doesn’t have to: Little children do not have to worry about money. I am in England now. Eu sunt in Anglia acum. de fapt. Eu ii voi ajuta pe ei maine. Ceva miroase urat. c) : The weather may be quite fine tomorrow. . which is used to express their own will or to inform decisions taken. . Copiii mici nu trebuie sa se ingrijoreze in legatura cu banii. Will popularly recognized as the future tense . .~ 17 ~ b) Must: Something smells awful. Va – popular recunoscut ca verb la viitor..

.. our. dincolo de funcția normală a verbului ...~ 18 ~ Would It is mainly responsible for the construction of the conditional mood. you do not need ' and ' if I have to . his. Need.. In these sentences will he accept consecutively meaning: ' redundant . nu ai nevoie " și " dacă am să ... Need I clean this room? Trebuie sa curat aceasta camera? Possesive adjectives / adjective posesive Possessive adjectives indicate the state of having things by people . Le-as vinde bilete daca ar avea bani. ... În aceste fraze el va accepta consecutiv sens : " redundant . dacă este necesar să . Adjectivele posesive indica starea de posesie a lucrurilor de catre oameni. their my… your… his… her… its… our… your… their. it can act as a modal verb but only in negative sentences and questions. beyond the normal function of the verb . : my. whether it is necessary to . se poate acționa ca un verb modal .. ? " You needn’t clean this room. her. your. ? ' Need. dar numai în propoziții negative și întrebări . I would sell them tickets if they had money. its. your.. Nu trebuie sa curatati aceasta camera.

Aceasta este masina lui. 18 Possesive pronouns / Pronume posesiv. Aceasta masina este a lui. Aceasta este casa lor. Ours Tours Theirs Examples: This bus is mine. Aceasta casa este a lor.. . Examples: This is my bus. Acesta este jobul lui. This is his car.. Aceasta este masina lui. Mine is white.~ 19 ~ This is my book.. This house is theirs... This is their house.. Acesta este locul lui de munca. This is our responsibility.(caine) This is our son.. Aceste fiice sunt ale voastre.. Acest loc de munca este al vostru. This is its (dog’s) tail.. These are your daughters. His is very hard. These daughters are yours. Acesta este fiul nostrum. Acest fiu este al nostru. This job is his. This bag is hers. This is his job. Yours are there. This job is yours. Aceasra este coada lui. Aceasta poseta este a ei. Aceasta este responsabilitatea noastra. This son is ours. Ours is quite new. This is her bag. These tools are yours. This car is his. We use instead noun Mine Yours His Hers This book is mine. Acestea sunt fiicele tale. while there is a possessive adjective before a noun . This is your job. The difference in their use lies in the fact that the possessive pronoun used instead of a noun . Acesta este autobuzul meu. Theirs is small. This mobile is ours. Possessive pronouns as possessive adjectives describe affiliation. Acestea sunt uneltele tale. Aceasta carte este a mea. Aceasta este cartea mea. These are your tools. This town is theirs.

..~ 20 ~ [lectorul citeste vertical] I You He She It We You They Who? Wha? subject Me you Him her us you them whom what? who? genitive My your His her it its our your their whose ? pronoun before n noun mine yours His hers - ours yours theirs whose ? pronoun on noun 19 Exercise: choose the correct word / gasiti cuvantul corect: 1. ? This book is mine and that one is ......... These are your/yours tools....... 2. O cunosti (pe ea)? Acesta este sotul meu. Da-I lui cheia. ? I’m talking to you.... ? Our school is bigger than. Aceasta este masina lor. This job is my/mine.. 4.... My/mine uniform is blue....... 6. This is your/yours way... Do you know ........ 6. .. 3... 7...... 4... 5...... This is our/ours job. I don’t know this man... Their car is faster than... This is her/hers bus stop... 2..... (he) (she) (I) (they) (I) (we) Exercise: translate into English/ traduceti in limba engleza 1.... 5. This is their/theirs car. 5.... 4....... Spune-mi despre acesta (acest lucru).. 2. Exercise: finish the sentences with the right possesive pronouns/ termina propozitiile cu pronumele posesiv corect: 1............. 3... ? Your room is nicer than. Listen to .............. Aceste bagaje sunt ale noastre... 6. 3.

y. the plural gets the ending: ies: a city f) cities There are also nouns that completely alter the character in the plural .~ 21 ~ Plural nouns / pluralul substantivelor Principiile de formare ale pluralului substantivelor sunt urmatoarele: a) the general rule is that in order to form the plural of the noun belongs to a singular noun add the letter –s regula generala de formare a pluralului substantivelor spune ca la singularul substantivului se adauga litera „s” cars sons a car a son Ends in the letters: .: a a a a a a man woman child mouse foot tooth men women children mice feet teeth g) Part of nouns has the same character in plural as in the singular : fish sheep fruit fish / fish sheep / sheep fruit / fruit . then the an address a clutch adresses clutches 20 c) when the noms ends with letter . eg.ch – s – b) if the noms Plural noms ending is: -es: a bus a boss jobs schools a job a school buses bosses ss – sh – x.e: a bridge bridges d) when the noms ends with -f the plural end with ves: a wife wives e) when the singular noms ends with .

~ 22 ~ h) When assemblies are prepositions or adjectives that plural forms a little differently . let's look: a son-in-law a passer-by i) sons-in-law passers-by Nouns that exist only in the plural: trousers jeans shorts scissors clothes pantaloni jeans pantaloni scurti foarfece haine j) Nouns that even though in appearance resemble the plural . but they have a singular meaning this: news politics .

Aceasta este mancarea pisicii. II.~ 23 ~ Saxon Genitive / genitivul englezesc Complement in the English language has two forms: 1. singular create it and adding -s . Prima data am vazut trei baieti si apoi am vazut parintii baietilor . in the singular we create it by adding the ending -s This is the cat’s food.g. let us compare: First I saw a boy and then I saw the boy’s parents. complement of. Apoi am vazut parintii baiatului. Prima data am vazut baiatul.la singular) First I saw three boys and then I saw the boys’ parents. (boys – la plural) Articles / Articole Here is some basic information about the articles: . formed by adding the ending .. (boy. which will now be described .' . Aceasta este responsabilitatea soferului. As vrea sa cumpar un litru de lapte. used only in the case of objects . Saxon genitive plural . 2. : This is the driver’s responsibility.. I. or complement Saxon ( -'s ). if the noun in the plural regularly ends in -s. such as: I would like to buy a litre of milk. e. b) persons . The Saxon genitive singular takes the form of ' -s' and can be used to: a) living beings .

peste. to describe things one unique: The only true religion Singura religie adevarata… ften with the things described by the highest level of the adjective . then there before them: a big girl. impotriva .... Baiatul pe care il vad acolo.de. Do not use the indefinite article 'a' ( ' n ' ): before and after the pronouns : possessive (his dog). Cel mai bun angajat pe care l-am avut vreodata.la .in fata. so that there is only countable . the Saxon genitive (Marek’s dog) before countable plural (dogs) before uncountable noms (oil..de-alungul . obiecte) .peste (a ajunge pe parcea cealalta pe inaltime) . an one exemple of the many): a dog. heaven. hell) when we talk the elements of a certain group: Catholics believe in God.dicolo de. a huge bus 2. in . and only in the singular. showing (this dog). . We use it: • before singular nouns (meaning : a.pe langa. a girl. eg.in spatele .printer (se refera la numarul mare de personae. 3. prin . American footballers wear a lot of protective clothes before the title. pentru.sub . mai presus de. material. mai sus . honey) before abstract noms (love. langa intre (doua personae / obiecte) . Queen Elizabeth Prepositions of place / prepozitii de loc above across against along among at behind below beside between beyond by . a car. The best employee we have ever had.. democracy. the indefinite article 'a' ( ' an ' ) is always a one . pe. a bus • if there the noun with the adjective. de.~ 24 ~ 1. after which there is a name: President Clinton. The definite article 'the ' use: • - when we talk about a specific person / thing: The boy I see there.

pe (partea de sus.pe .peste . din . inauntru… . suprafata de lucru) .in afara.langa .in jurul . catre .prin. in fata .in -inainte.in.spre.exterior.jos . de -la.aproape de . inspre . din afara .in inspre (centru.inauntru .sub (ceva) .~ 25 ~ down in in front of inside into next to near on onto out of outside over round through to towards under within . interior) . in interiorul.

Comparison of adjectives / compararea adjectivelor The adjective in the English language is characterized by three stages and three different ways of grading (regular . The table is placed against the wall. The picture is above the table. I drove across the city. The picture is over the table. The bus stop is down the road. The lemons are on the table. Adjective in English is done by: a. I like spending my free time at home with my family.~ 26 ~ Examples: I am in front of the picture. I drove to many places in my city many times. The chairs are beside the table. The chairs are in the room. adding the ending -er to create a higher degree of adaugati terminatia – er pentru a crea un grad mai mare small mic smaller long lung longer warm cald warmer weak slab weaker strong tare stronger . There is a strong connection between me and my family. The plant is on the table. I live at Ogrodowa Street. The two apples are between the two cups. I live in Poznan. The apples are in front of the plant. The table is between the blue chairs. irregular and descriptive ) . The apples are next to each other. The bus stop is at the bottom/at the top of the street. The picture is on the wall.

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b . adding the ending -est to form a superlative se adauga terminatia –
est la formele la superlativ
Smaller
the smallest
Small mic
Long lung
longer
the longest
Warm cald
Weak slab
Strong tare

warmer
weaker
stronger

the warmest
the weakest
the strongest

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c . if the word ends in -e, not doubling the vowel , eg: daca cuvantul se
termina in –e, nu se dubleaza vocala, de ex:
Nice dragut
nicer
the nicest
large larg
larger
the largest
d . in the case of adjectives ending in a consonant , one vowel consonant
doubling , let's look: in cazul adjectuvelor care se termina cu o consoana,
se dubleaza consoana, urmata de o vocala:
big
hot

bigger
hotter

the biggest
the hottest

e . in the case of adjectives ending in -y, -y change in -i and adding -er / est in cazul in care adjectivul se termina in –y, se schimba in –i si se
adauga terminatia –er sau –est:
friendly
happy
easy

friendlier
happier
easier

the friendliest
the happiest
the easiest

f . adjectives longer and ended on -ful , -less , -ing , -ed graded
descriptively (more/ the most) Daca adjectivele se termina in -ful , -less ,
-ing , -ed se pun in fata calificativele – more si - most
beautiful

more beautiful

the most beautiful

g . there is a group of irregular adjectives . Here are some of them: acesta
este un grup de adjective neregulare. Iata cateva dintre ele:
bad
good
far
far

worse
better
further
farther

the worst
the best
the furthest
the farthest

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h. of adverbs performed in the following manner : adverbele realizate la
modul urmator
little
less
the least
many/much
well

more
better

the most
the best

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Tenses / Timpurile verbelor
PRESENT SIMPLE
I eat apples every day.
Eu mananc mere in fiecare zi..

(usualy)

1.08.05

(executed)

NOW

1.08.07

1. 08.05

NOW

1.08.07

1.08.05

NOW

1.08.07

PRESENT CONTINUOUS
I am eating an apple.
Eu mananc acum un mar.

PRESENT PERFECT
I have already taken
apples.
Am luat déjà mere.
(si acum le am).

PRESENT PERFECT

from 1.08.05 constantely to
mow

CONTINUOUS
He has been taking the
apples since ten o’clock.

1.08.05

NOW

1.08.07

1.06.0 NOW

1.08.07

We are talking about
Activities launched in the
Pasr and continuing or
Just completed.
PAST SIMPLE
I took your apples two
months ago.
Ti-ma luat merele acum
Doua luni.
It applies to what is
deffinetelly over.

(made)

08. Eu am spus ca ti-am luat merele.08. 1.08.05 5 October .07 NOW 1. 1.07 PAST PERFECT I said I had taken your apples.~ 30 ~ PAST SIMPLE CONTINUOUS Yesterday I was taking apples when you visited me.05 PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS 2 months I had been taking apples from the garden for two months before a huge flood th destroyed it on 5 October. Ieri ti-am luat merele cand m-ai vizitat (imperfect) 1..08.07 NOW 1.05 Yesterday NOW 1.08.08.

(made) 1.~ 31 ~ FUTURE SIMPLE I’ll take your apples tomorrow.08. NOW FUTURE PERFECT I’ll have taken your apples by the end of the week.08.07 Action will be made to (by) 1.05 . 1.07 .08.07 FUTURE CONTINUOUS I’ll be taking apples tomorrow at six.08.05 NOW 1. 1.08.05 NOW 1.08.

05 NOW (imperfect) 1.05 NOW 1.07 FUTURE CONTINUOUS IN THE PAST Tom would be picking his apples in summer.08. 1.~ 32 ~ FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS 5 months She’ll have been picking apples for five months soon.08.08.08.07 1.06 1. 1.08. NOW 1.08.08.07 .05 FUTURE IN THE PAST I would be happy if I took all the apples.

~ 33 ~ FUTURE PERFECT IN THE PAST I’d have taken your apples but I forgot to.05 NOW 1. 1.09.08. never We usually have breakfast at eight. .07 (imperfect) FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS IN THE PAST I would have been taking apples tomorrow if I had a garden.08. from adverbs : always .09.081. b .08.05 20. speaking of rights and scientific rules Water boils at the temperature above 100°. seldom .05 NOW 1. rarely . 1.05 1.07 Present Simple Present simple used: a. usually we . Often . c . sometimes. repetitive tasks or permanent states : My dog eats meat.08.expressing constant.

What do you think of Spain? . Let’s ask him some questions.Hello John.Do you like your job? . . as well. Do you live in Poland? I do not live in Poland. I want to take my family for a trip there. . I know Spain quite well.How many hours a week do you work? . too.. Where do you live? . This form is changed only for the third person singular . I think Spain is a very beautiful country. . Do you drive a car to work? I do not drive a car to work. I want my family to see Spain. . He is a journalist.work/ works I You He She It We You work work works works works work work They work Do Do Does Does Does Do Do I you he she it we you work? work? work? work? work? work? work? I You He She It We You do not do not does not does not does not do not do not Do they work? They do not (don’t) (don’t) (doesn’t) (doesn’t) (doesn’t) (don’t) (don’t) work work work work work work work (don’t) work Do not = don’t Does not = doesn’t Examples: I drive a car to work every day. A life story: John is fascinated with Spain.~ 34 ~ This time we create by using the basic form of the verb . I live in Poland.Do you have a family? .I work forty hours a week. You are a very good journalist.I have a wife and two children. [lector reads vertically] work. We have friends in the country.. We have a dog.I like Spain very much. where the primary form of adding -s or -es tip. .I live in a city called Bialystok.

~ 35 ~ . I like it very much. I think it gives me many opportunities to visit new places around the world. .Yes.

g. wishing to express an activity that takes place at a time when we are talking about it . eg . e. for example. It is getting dark. Father is watching TV now. d . wanting to express the changing current situations. annoyance or displeasure . This time we create altering the verb be Ending –ing to the infinitive.working I am working Am I working? I am not (amen’t) working You are working Are You working? You are not (aren’t) working He is working Is He working? He is not (isn’t) working She is working Is She working? She is not (isn’t) working It is working Is It working? It is not (isn’t) working We are working Are We working? We are not (aren’t) working You are working Are You working? You are not (aren’t) working They are working Are They working? They are not (aren’t) working Are not = aren’t Is not = isn’t .~ 36 ~ Present Continuous We use the present continuous: a. b . with adverbs always and continually wanting to express our frustration . c . Bob is always coming late. for example. [lector reads vertically] work . talking about future activities planned by the contractors: I am leaving tomorow.

I have been to Rome.Hello Eva. c . for example . but its effects are visible now I have washed a car. b . wanting to express action that the execution time is not specified . it is not important when the action took place . which interested us by his relationship with the present moment . . I am going to England tomorrow to visit my friends. What are you doing? .~ 37 ~ Examples: I am taking English lessons now. Bob is going to England tomorrow to see his old friends. a. I am working right now. . Are you taking any English lessons now? I am not taking any English lessons now. such as . He has just arrived. with adverbs just to express just completed action. I am studying English at the moment. In contrast to past simple . Present Perfect Present Perfect expresses the relationship of the present with the past . We use the present perfect.Hello Bob. A dialogue: Eva is calling Bob. to express operations that took place in the past. Are you working now? I am not working now.

Have you worked shifts before? I haven’t worked shifts before. Have you driven a car abroad before? I haven’t driven a car abroad before. Or by adding -ed or -d tip . ) . . Have you been to Wroclaw before? I haven’t been to Wroclaw before. Have you had any accidents before? I haven’t had any accidents before. [lector reads vertically] work-worked I have (I’ve) worked Have I worked I have not (haven’t) worked You have (You’ve) worked Have You worked You have not (haven’t) worked He Has (He’s) worked Has He worked He has not (hasn’t) worked She Has (She’s) worked Has She worked She has not (hasn’t) worked It Has (It’s) worked Has It worked It has not (hasn’t) worked We have (We’ve) worked Have We worked We have not (haven’t) worked You have (You’ve) worked Have You worked You have not (haven’t) worked (They’ve) worked Have They worked They have not (haven’t) worked They have Have not = haven’t Has not= hasn’t Examples: I ’ve had an accident before. In the case of regular verbs third form of the verb create as much as form of Past Simple ( see p.~ 38 ~ This time we create altering the operator have or has and use the third form of the verb . Have you worked in Australia for two years? I haven’t worked in Australia. I’ve worked shifts before. I’ve worked in Australia for two years. I’ve been to Wroclaw before. I’ve driven a car abroad for ten years.

This time we create altering the operator have or password . wanting to express action commenced in the past and are still ongoing . for example . The asking about the date or time of an action the past . the defining moment of completion of the transaction . when it seems to us that your activities are only terminated because the consequences are visible : Father has been working a lot.~ 39 ~ Present Perfect Continuous Time Present Perfect Continuous use: a. We note first of all the fact that the activity is being or has been done. for example . I have been working for them for two years. We played tennis yesterday. b. When did you see Paul? . [lector reads vertically] work. talking about activities or conditions not related to the present. b .have/has been working I have been working Have I been working? I have not been working You have been working Have you been working? You have not been working He has been working Has he been working? He has not been working She has been working Has she been working? She has not been working It has been working Has it been working? It has not been working We have been working Have we been working? We have not been working You have been working Have you been working? You have not been working They have been working Have they been working? They have not been working Past Simple Time Past Simple use: a. as well as using the forms been and adding -ing to the verb ending .

~ 40 ~ In the case of irregular verbs we use other forms of the verb in declarative sentences In the case of regular verbs in the past simple form of sentence create declarative adding to the base form of the verb -ed tip or d (where the verb ends in e ). A life story: This is Karl. His job is very stressful.lived like. Let’s ask him about a stressful situation he had to deal with in the past. they did not break anything. I gave them some medicine and I offered them some blankets. Did I work three hours ago? I did not work three hours ago. for example . . Karl is a policeman.looked ale ale live. There was a car crash in the middle of the city.picked look. Fortunately. I had to deal with a difficult situation at work two years ago. pick. Did you have any problems with your car last year? I did not have any problems with my car last year. I worked three hours ago. I had some problems with my car last year.worked I worked Did I work? I did not (didn’t) work You worked Did you work? You did not (didn’t) work He worked Did he work? He did not (didn’t) work She worked Did she work? She did not (didn’t) work It worked Did it work? It did not (didn’t) work We worked Did we work? We did not (didn’t) work You worked Did you work? You did not (didn’t) work They worked Did they work? They did not (didn’t) work Examples: I helped an old lady yesterday. I helped three women and two children to get out of their cars. on a very busy road.liked [lector reads vertically] work. Did you help an old lady yesterday? I did not help an old lady yesterday.

I realised there was a fight on the bus. wanting to express two .was/were working I was working Was I working? I was not working You were working Were you working? You were not working He was working Was he working? He was not working She was working Was she working? She was not working It was working Was it working? It was not working We were working Were we working? We were not working You were working Were you working? You were not working They were working Were they working? They were not working . wanting to express a past action taking place at the moment of other activities. In timp ce lucram. am realizat ca acolo a fost o lupta in autobuz. my father was working in the garden. wanting to express action that was performed in the past on a continuous basis: Kate was sleeping all Morning... cineva a inceput sa strige. action expressed in Past Continuous was started earlier and probably still ongoing at the end of the second (expressed in Past Simple ) I was driving a car when I saw my sister-in-law. Time Past Continuous create altering be in the past tense (was / were ) and adding -ing to the verb ending . tatal meu lucre in gradina. simultaneously carried on past activities : While I was mending the tire.~ 41 ~ Past Simple Continuous Simple Past Continuous time use: a.. Conduceam masina. work. Kate dormea toata dimineata. c . In timp ce eu reparam anvelopa. When I was working. cand am vazut-o pe cumnata mea. b . somebody started shouting. Cand conduceam autobuzul. When I was driving a bus.

This time we create altering oprator had and using the passive participle forms (III column). . wanting to express that some state LYB action started in the past still ongoing at the time of another subsequent activity or the state : When I had had a first accident I have already been driving a bus for 10 years. to emphasize anteriority past one activity: I had driven for a couple of years before I became a bus driver.had worked I had worked Had I worked? I had not worked You had worked Had you worked? You had not worked He had worked Had he worked? He had not worked She had worked Had she worked? She had not worked It had worked Had it worked? It had not worked We had worked Had we worked? We had not worked You had worked Had you worked? You had not worked They had worked Had they worked? They had not worked Past Perfect Continuous Time Past Perfect Continuous use: a. for example . speaking of action that was performed before wystąpeniem other act or event in the past. work. b .~ 42 ~ Past Perfect Time Past Perfect use: a. I had been driving before I got a flat tire. Conduceam inainte de a face pana.

due to external circumstances beyond the control of people . b . for example . for example . bani. work.. wanting to express action / CSI in the future .had been working I had been working Had I been working? I had not been working You had been working Had you been working? You had not been working He had been working Had he been working? He had not been working She had been working Had she been working? She had not been working It had been working Had it been working? It had not been working We had been working Had we been working? We had not been working You had been working Had you been working? You had not been working They had been working Had they been working? They had not been working Future Simple Time Future Simple use: a. Voi castiga o multime de bani. Fiul meu va avea / implini 18 ani anul acesta. I will earn a lot of money. My son will be eighteen this year.will work I will (I’ll) work Will I work? I will not (won’t) work You will (You’ll) work Will you work? You will not (won’t) work He will (He’ll) work Will He work? He will not (won’t) work She will (She’ll) work Will She work? She will not (won’t) work It will (It’ll) work Will It work? It will not (won’t) work We will (We’ll) work Will We work? We will not (won’t) work You will (You’ll) work Will You work? You will not (won’t) work (They’ll) work Will They work? They will not (won’t) work They will Will not = won’t . work. expressing opinions . the future.~ 43 ~ This time we create had been altering and adding -ing to the end of the main verb .

. Voi lucra cu Jane si Tom ( declarație de fapt . c . but it is not the result of provisions of the person performing it . Tom va lucre acum. Maine la 7. for example : Tomorrow at seven thirty I will be repairing my car. for example . voi repara masina.~ 44 ~ Examples: I will pass an English exam. I will do my best. Will the petrol station be open at night? The petrol station will not be open at night. by stating that any action will take place in the future.30. I will buy a new car soon. Will you pass an English exam? I will not pass an English exam. a. nu rezultatul Future Continuous Time altering the operator will create using the forms be and adding -ing to the end of the main time . Will I do my best? I will not do my best. I will quickly learn more English. Will you buy a new car soon? I will not buy a new car soon.. Will I quickly learn more English? I will not learn more English quickly. istaleń anterior) . such as : I will be working with Jane and Tom. b . trying to express that at a certain point in the future a transaction will be executed . wanting to express assumption on the moment : Tom will be working now. Future Continuous Future Continuous use of time : the future. . The petrol station will be open at night.

foreseeing that some action has already been completed . a. This time we create will have altering and using the verb ending in -ed or its third forms in the case of irregular verbs. for example: I will have come back by two o’clock.~ 45 ~ work.will have worked I will have worked Will I have worked? I will not have worked You will have worked Will You have worked? You will not have worked He will have worked Will He have worked? He will not have worked She will have worked Will She have worked? She will not have worked It will have worked Will It have worked? It will not have worked We will have worked Will We have worked? We will not have worked You will have worked Will You have worked? You will not have worked They will have worked Will They have worked? They will not have worked I will= I’ll Will not= won’t . saying that at some point in the future action will be carried over. such as : They will have arrived by now.will be working I will be working Will I be working? I will not be working You will be working Will you be working? You will not be working He will be working Will he be working? He will not be working She will be working Will she be working? She will not be working It will be working Will it be working? It will not be working We will be working Will we be working? We will not be working You will be working Will you be working? You will not be working They will be working Will they be working? They will not be working Future Perfect Future Perfect time use: a. Ei vor fi ajuns pana acum. work. . b . Eu ma voi intoarce / voi reveni la ora doua.

the questions being asked : Would you give me a pay rise? Vreti sa imi dati un spor de salariu? . for example : Nigel will have been sleeping for five hours soon. trying to say that at some point in the future some time has elapsed . This time we create will have been altering and adding the ending -ing . Nigel va adormi in curand 5 ore. will. in which the action takes place .~ 46 ~ Future Perfect Continuous Time Future Perfect Continuous use: a.will have been working I will have been working Will I have been working? You will have been working Will you have been working? He will have been working Will he have been working? She will have been working Will she have been working? It will have been working Will it have been working? We will have been working Will we have been working? You will have been working Will you have been working? They will have been working Will they have been working? I will not have been working You will not have been working He will not have been working She will not have been working It will not have been working We will not have been working You will not have been working They will not have been working Future in the Past Time Future in the Past use: a.

wanting to tell you that you belonged in the past to the habits of its performers . for example: Would you be talking to Alice today? Ai vorbit cu Alice astazi? b. Fratele meu ar fi trebuit sa conduca masina acum.would be working I would be working Would I be working? I would not be working You would be working Would you be working? You would not be working He would be working Would he be working? He would not be working She would be working Would she be working? She would not be working It would be working Would it be working? It would not be working We would be working Would we be working? We would not be working You would be working Would you be working? You would not be working They would be working Would they be working? They would not be working .~ 47 ~ 43 b . Roger a avut un obicei de a veni cu intarziere si de a vorbi mult. work. a. wanting to express supposition concerning the present.would work [ I would work Would I work? I would not work You would work Would you work? You would not work He would work Would he work? He would not work She would work Would she work? She would not work It would work Would it work? It would not work We would work Would we work? We would not work You would work Would you work? You would not work They would work Would they work? They would not work Future Continuous in the Past Time Future in the Past Continuous use: a.. work. asking someone politely about his plans . such as : Roger would come late and talk for hours. for example : My brother would be driving his car now.

I will study it. We use it in the official language . It would be studied. typical for the times they are : be (different) + III verb form being + III verb form been + III verb form . has been studied. The active page Present Simple Present Continuous Past Simple Past Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous Future Simple Future Continuous I I I I I Future Perfect I will have studied it. I will be studying it. It must be studied. It would be studied. Also includes logs We use it when the contractor activities is unknown or unspecified ( people. should Have to Simple Continuous Perfect study it. Future Perfect Continuous Future in the Past Future Continuous in the Past Future Perfect in the Past Must. It had been studied. I have been studying it. I had been studying it. creating altering the verb be and using the passive participle form of the past participle . It had been studied. may. I have to study it. It will have been studied. It has been studied. someone). It has to be studied. I must study it. was studying it. In English. I will have been studying it. or when more interested in us than just follow the steps of who made it . I would have studied. I had studied it. they . the passive voice is much more common than in Polish. have studied it. It will be studied. passive voice It It It It It is studied. Thus. Object of a sentence in the active voice becomes the subject of the sentence in the passive voice. I would be studying it. as in the Polish language is not so often used . official . was studied. can. It will have been studied. is being studied. was being studied. We have problems with the translation of the passive voice . am studying it. I would study it. It would have been studied. studied it.~ 48 ~ Passive voice / Diateza pasiva The passive voice in English. It will be studied.

I think Bob has already come. Am sperat ca ei vor face asta in curan Past Simple Past Simple Past Perfect Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Simple Future in the Past . I know you didn’t believe me. d.~ 49 ~ Sequence of tenses / Secventele timpurilor There is a sequence of tenses in English in complex sentences . Eu stiu ca nu ma credeti. b. Eu stiu ca nu m-ati crezut. I knew you hadn’t believed me. this causes a change in the subordinate clause of time (as if moving one step back) . Eu cred ca Bob a venit deja. Eu sper ca ei vor face asta in curand. c. Present Simple ale I knew you didn’t believe me. This is done as follows: a. I hope they will do it soon. I hoped they would do it soon. Eu stiam ca nu ma credeti. Eu am crezut ca Bob déjà a venit. I know you don’t believe me. I thought Bob had already come. Eu stiam ca nu m-ati crezut. If the verb in the main clause ( introductory ) is in the past tense Past Simple or Past Continuous .

. John said he rarely had problems with his car.Past Perfect Continuous ‘I was mending a tire’.Future in the Past ‘I will learn more English’. said Michael. Declarative sentences in reported speech most often begin with words like : addadmitanswercomplaindeclaredenyexplainsaytellstate- adauga/adaugati admiteti raspundeti reclamati declarati negati explicati spuneti spuneti afirmati / declarati Changes regarding times: Simple Present . said John. Future Simple .Past Simple ‘I rarely have problems with my car’. Paul said he had come to England four days ago. said Nigel/ Nigel said he would learn more English. Past Continuous .Past Continuous ‘You are going a wrong direction’. Simple Past . Tom said they were going a wrong direction. John said he had been mending a tire.~ 50 ~ Reported Speech / vorbire Rported Speech involves speech recounting his own or another person. Michael said he had helped them to get out of a bus.Past Perfect Continuous ‘I have been driving for an hour’ said Ben. said Tom. Ben said he had been driving for an hour. Present Perfect Continuous . said Paul. Present Continuous .Past Perfect ‘I have helped them to get out of a bus’. said John.Past Perfect ‘I came to England four days ago’. Present Perfect .

Future Perfect in the Past ‘I will have finished by seven’. James said he would have finished by seven. Peter said he would be earning more money.~ 51 ~ Future Continuous . said Tim.Future Continuous in the Past ‘I will be earning more money’. said Peter. Future Perfect . Future Perfect Continuous . Tim said he would have been studying English harder now. Irregular verbs / Verbe neregulate I form Infinitive be beat become begin bleed blow break bring build burn buy catch choose come cost cut deal do draw drink drive eat fall feed feel fight II form Past Simple was/were beat became began bled blew broke brought built burnt bought caught chose came cost cut dealt did drew drank drove ate fell fed felt fought III form participle passive been beaten become begun bled blown broken brought built burnt bought caught chojen come cost cut dealt done drawn drunk driver eaten allen fed felt fought importance fi luptă deveni îNCEPE sângera sufla pauză aduce construi arde cumpăra captură alege veni cost tăiat afacere face trage băutură plumb mânca picătură hrană simți luptă .Future Perfect Continuous in the Past ‘I will have been studying English harder now’. said James.

du-te primi .~ 52 ~ forget go get forgot Went got forgotten gone got uita du-te .

Doamnisoara Brown .Domnul Brown .Mr.Ladies and gentlemen… Domnul Doamna Cuzati-ma. Brown .Domnule Profesor .Professor .Mrs. ..Doctor .Doamna Brown ..~ 53 ~ give have hear hit know learn make meet oversleep pay put read ride ring say sell set show sleep smell stand strike take tell think understand wake gave had heard hit knew learnt made met overslept paid put read rode rang said sold set showed slept smelt stood struck took told thought understood woke given had heard hit known learnt made met overslept paid put read rode rung said sold set shown slept smelt stood struck taken told thought understood woken wear withdraw write wore withdrew wrote worn withdrawn written A da A avea auzi grevă ști învăța face întâlni dormi prea mult plăti loc citit conduce telefon spune a vinde ajustat spectacol somn miros stand grevă lua spune gândi înțelege trezi uzura( îmbrăcămint) retrage scrie Modes of address / Moduri de adreare Sir Madam Excuse me… .Doamnelor si Domnilor . Brown .Domnule doctor .Miss Brown .

thanks. .Dragi prieteni Cemai faci? . . multumesc.~ 54 ~ . .Sunt bine. .Sunt bine.I am fine. . multumesc!. multumesc. thank you.I am well. thanks.Sunt bine.I am all right.Dear friends… How are you? . .

multumesc.ceasornicar .Sunt bine.a latheman Ce faci? Care este profesia ta? Eu unt. thank you..Am studiat la o scoala gimnaziala.cizmar .a smithman . .dulgher .I’m not feeling well today..~ 55 ~ . I graduated from … (a university) Useful vocabulary: well-educated/ uneducated basic/ general education optional/ voluntary subjects obligatory/ compulsory subjects vocational school technical school primary school syllabus .Nu ma simt bine astazi.I studied at a secondary school.. .lacatus .tamplar . . Engineering Building electrical engineering I finished my studies in..I studied at a primary school.fierar . .am absolvit un colegiu ethnic specializat in… - inginerie contructii electic Mi-am terminat studiile in.an upholsterer . Education / Educatie What qualifications do you have? . .a plumber .a joiner .a locksmith . Am absolvit ( Universitatea) Vocabular util: - bine educat / needucat educatie de baza / primara discipline optionale / facultative discipline obligatorii coala vocational (profesionala) scoala tehnica coala generala (primara) programa scolara Employment and Profession / Angajare si profesie What do you do? What is your profession? I am.Quite well. ..a shoemaker .So-so.. . .a bricklayer .a carpenter .Am studiat la o scoala primara.. ..a watchmaker ..zidar .aa si asa.. .strungar . .I graduated from a technical college specializing in.tapiter .Ce calificare aveti? .instalator .

an electrician .electrician .a shop-assistant .asistent magazin .~ 56 ~ .

Cate ore lucrezi pe saptamana? .in agriculture .Spanish .in industria chimica .in constructii .Greek .in industria miniera .Lucrez 10 ore pe zi.Russian - Polish German English Arabic Bulgarian Danish Hungarian Chinese Dutch Slovak .in the chemical industry . Nationalities / Natiobalitati I am/ You are/ He is/ She is… . . How many hours a week do you work? Am afacerea mea proprie.in industria energetica I have my own business.in the builiding industry .in agricultura .I work ten hours a day.pentru o companie privata .intr-un birou .Swedish ...Portugese .in an office .for a private company .French . .in the mining industry . a decorator pavement layer miner construction worker - sofer zugrav pavator miner muncitor in constructii Where do you work? I work… .in the energy industry Unde lucrezi? Lucrez / muncesc.~ 57 ~ - a a a a a driver painter.Turkish .Czech .

Cu fiul meu. How old is your son? . Acesta/aceasta este. please? . I do not. .Yes. with my wife.Da. I do… How many children do you have? . not yet.She is twelve. . Nu.Cu copiii mei. Calatoriti singur? .son . documentele mele. This is my… .. Ai fost vreodata in Marea Britanie inainte? .Nu. .With my children. Cati copii aveti? . acum doi ani.I have got two children.mother . niciodata. unt singurul copil.He is five.Yes. . desigur.Da.For 6 months.fiul .I am a bachelor.fiica .Da. Iata Cat timp ai de gand sa stai acolo? (pentru) 6 luni. .No. nu inca.. . Are you travelling alone? . am (familie).. never.are 12 ani.da. No.~ 58 ~ Border crossing / trecerea granitei May I see your passport.Nu. I do.Yes. I have.tata . cu fiica mea. am fost. cu sotia mea.Nu. . Do you have any brothers or sisters? . Yes. Aveti familie? . Family / familia Do you have a family? .. . two years ago. am. Ce varsta are fiul tau? .daughter . . of course.father .mama .unt burlac. How long are you going to stay there for? . Ce varsta are fiica ta? . I am not married. Ai frati sau surori? . Yes. Here are my documents. .No. I am the only child.Da. .No.Nu.am 2 copii.With my son. nu am. . Have you ever been the United Kingdom before? - No. Nu sunt casatorit.al meu / a mea . How old is your daughter? .No.Nu.are 5 ani. with my daughter. . As putea sa va vad pasaportul? .

~ 59 ~ - grandmother grandfather grandson aunt uncle - bunica bunicul nepotul matua unchi .

medievala Sports and games / sporturi si jocuri . .nu.daughter-in-law .saxofon .flute .muzica hard rock .classical music .pian A vrea sa merg la un concert de: . .moderna .medieval La ce instrumente musicale canti? Pot canta la: .hard rock music .ginere Este sora ta? .modern . nu ete sora mea. I play basketball.ei sunt gemeni/ tripleti.No.vioara .bass .They are twins/triplets.. Do you like sports? .piano I’d like to go to a concert of: .mother-in-law .contemporary .Numele sotiei mele este.contemporana .contrabas . Care este numele sotiei tale? .pop music I like… music./They won.chitara .My wife’s name is.nora .guitar .We won.Italy is playing Spain.muzica pop Imi place…muzica .~ 60 ~ .I got married last year. Would you like to go to a football match with us tomorrow? ..muzica clasica ..muzicuta .violin . .flaut .Who won? . What’s your wife’s name? .. she isn’t my sister. I am married to a nice woman.soacra .son-in-law Is she your sister? . she’s my cousin.saxophone . When did you get married? . Cand te-ai caatorit? . . M-am Caatorit cu o femeie draguta. Music / Muzica What musical instruments can you play? I can play the: .What was the score? Do you play football? .No. este verisoara mea .m-am caatorit anul trecut.Who is playing who? .harmonica .

Italia joaca cu Spania? . .Cine a castigat. .Cine joaca cu cine? .~ 61 ~ Iti place sportul (activ. Ai vrea sa vii cu noi la un meci de fotbal maine? .Nu.Noi am castigat / ei au castigat. joc bachet. Sportive)? Joci fotbal? .Care a fost scorul? .

este acolo.plecari Where is platform 4? .baggage check .snack bar .Nu.caa de bilete . it’s not. va rog? When is the … train to…? .entrance .primul/urmatorul/ultimul I’d like a …ticket to London.information desk .buffet cu autoervire .first/second class Is it a direct train? . .one-way .~ 62 ~ Useful vocabulary: Football Valleyball Bowling Swimming Cycling Skiing Rugby Tennis Table tennis Rock climbing At a train station / in gara/statia de tren Whare is/are the…? .clasa I / clasa a II-a Ete un tren direct? . please? Unde este peronul 4? .ticket office .It’s on the left/right.verificarea bagajelor .It’s over there. .waiting room .ala de asteptare . .First/next/last Cand este trenul spre.dus-intors (retur) .platforms .peroane . Could I have a timetable.intrarea . As putea avea un orar (mer al trenurilor).iesirea . You’ll have to change at… As vrea un bilet la Londra.information .No..dus .departures Unde ete…? . .biroul de informatii .este la stanga / la dreapta.exit . nu este.? ..informatiile .sosiri .round-trip (return) .arrivals . Va trebui sa il schimbati… .

...every hour Cat de frecvente sunt trenurile spre/catre. .. please.Right.in fiecare ora What time do they leave? How long is the trip? How much is that? Is there a discount for.? .personae in varsta? .box of popcorn .de cinci ori pe zi . Are you skilled in. pot face orice fel de munca.. I am skilled in this area..In regula. .? . ati dori sa completati acest formular..Da.~ 63 ~ How frequent are the trains to…? .five times a day .. .Da..chocolate ice cream . Would you fill in this form and we will let you know within two weeks. A dori a aplic pentru un job/loc de munca.? .senior citizens .Yes.crema de ciocolata .? ..hot dog ...Yes... si va vom anunta in doua Sunteti calificat in.hot dog Ete filmul subtitrat? A.? leave from? De la care peron pleaca trenul spre? At a job center / la o agentie de locuri de munca I would like to apply for a job.o data/ de doua ori pe zi .students Can I return on the same ticket? La ce ora pleaca? Cat dureaza calatoria? Cat costa asta? Este vreun discount pentru.. .o cutie de popcorn . Useful vocabulary: full-time employment part-time employment incapacity for work limited working capacity payroll pay-day hour rate quality of work to sign a contract Cinema / cinematograf What’s playing at the movies tonight? Ce film ruleaza in seara asta? Is the film subtitled? A….? .. .once/twice a day . . sunt calificat in acest domeniu (in aceasta activitate). va rog. I can do any kind of job/work.studenti Ma pot intoarce cu acelasi bilet? Which platform does the train to… do.

. Plants / plante spruce fir pine larch oak birch beech lime-tree maple willow molid brad pin larice stejar mesteacăn fag tei arțar salcie Making friends / sa iti faci prieteni Hello. What’s your name? Fine...stau aici.sah Imi place..~ 64 ~ Is this seat taken? That’s my seat. Doriti sa jucati…? .. multumesc. . .. Pot să ma prezint . Si tu? Ce credeti despre... Este ocupat? Acesta este locul(caunu)l meu... . As vrea sa rezerv un loc pe culoar.sports Bune. May I introduce...sa citesc . thanks. ? Încântat de cunoștință.. I’d like to reserve an aisle seat. here. Do you mind if… .? I love the..muzica .. I don’t really like the.carti ..I seat here. Nu imi place foarte mult…aici.sport Talking about weather / vorbind despre vreme What a lovely day! What terrible weather! . Imi place…aici..music .? Pleased to meet you. here.chess I like.. And you? Buna ziua .? . Would you like to play. Care este numele tau? What do you think of the...reading . Va deranjeaza daca.. we haven’t met.cards ... nu ne-am întâlnit.

~ 65 ~ It’s hot/cold today! What’s the weather forecast for tomorrow? .

be a nice day .snow It’s… .Cloudy noros cloud=nor . ninge It’s sunny.~ 66 ~ Do you think it’s going to… tomorrow? .Foggy cetos fog= ceata .Icy ice = gheata .Stormy storm = furtuna .rain . Este insorit Has the weather been like this for long? timp? Va fi vremea ca acum pentru mult Parts of a body / partile corpului arm back bone breast chest finger/thumb foot/toe gland/tonsils hand head heart kidney knee leg liver muscle neck rib shoulder skin stomach throat tongue vein braț spate os sân piept deget / thumb picior / deget de la picior glandei / amigdalele mână cap inimă rinichi genunc hi picior ficat mușchi gât nervură umăr piele stomac gât limbă venă fata .Windy wind= vant It’s raining. ploua It’s snowing.

~ 67 ~ face ear eye jaw lip mouth nose ureche ochi falca buza gura nas .

~ 68 ~ Clothes and accessories / haine si accesorii belt blouse cap coat dress handbag jacket jeans scarf shirt socks stockings suit sweater swimsuit T-shirt trousers underpants Shoes boots flip-flops sandals slippers curea bluză capac haină rochie geantă de mână sacou blugi eșarfă cămașă șosete ciorapi costum pulover costum de baie Tricou pantaloni chiloți pantofi ghete șlapi sandale papuci de casă Colours / culori Beige Black Blue Brown Golden Green Grey Pink Purple Red Silver White Yellow bej negru albastru maro de aur verde Grey roz violet roșu argint alb galben .

..? As vrea una mai inchisa/mai deschisa. .~ 69 ~ light/dark Lumina/intuneric sau inchis/deschis Do you have the same in.? I would like a lighter/ a darker one... Aveti aceeasi (culoare) in.

? . where is the nearest .bus top .statie de metrou Statia de autobus este la capatul strazii/la inceputul strazii .~ 70 ~ At home / acasa Alarm clock Armchair Ashtray Bed Bedside Bedspread Blanket Blind Bulb Carpet Ceiling Central heating Coffee table Courtains Door Floor Hanger Lapmshade Light Light switch Mattress Mirror Picture Pillow Plug Tablecloth Telephone Vase Wall Wardrobe ceas deșteptător fotoliu scrumieră pat marginea patului cuvertură de pat pătură orb bec covor plafon încălzire centrală masuta de cafea DRAPERII ușă podea cuier Lapmshade lumină intrerupator saltea oglindă imagine pernă dop Față de masă telefon vază perete dulap Travelling by bus / Calatorind cu autobuzul Excuse me.capote autobuz .bus station .statie de autobuz .. unde este cea mai apropiata…? ..underground station The bus stop is at the bottom / top Scuzati-ma.

. / Buses run every half an hour. Care autobus pleaca spre central orasului? Ia autobuzul cu numarul 13. The bus stop is round the corner. Poti usor ajunge acolo.. of course. How long will it take me to get to Victoria Station? It will take you half an hour. początku/ końcu ulicy...m.. Da-te jos aici ca sa iei autobuzul cu numarul 5. este o lira patruzeci.. Ultimul autobus pleaca la ora 2 a.? Could I get a return ticket to . Statia de tramvai va fi pe partea ta drapta. please? Yes. Este departe de aici? Nu este departe. Cat timp imi ia sa ajung la Victoria Station? Iti ia o jumatate de ora.. Apoi treci de semafor. Get off here to change for a bus number five. De unde pleaca autobuzele spre centru? Autobuzele spre centru pleaca de aici. The bus stop will be on your right. Where do the buses for the centre leave from? The buses for the centre leave from here. apoi cotesti la stanga. You need to go straight. The last bus leaves at two o’clock a.~ 71 ~ of the street. then turn left. When is the last night bus to . That’s one pound forty. Statia de autobus este aproape de colt 5 Trebuie sa mergi anainte. go past the traffic lights. please. Is it far from here? It is not far. Where am I now? You are at Victoria Station now. Which bus goes to the centre of the town? Take a bus number thirteen. Cand este ultimul autobus de noapte la…? Autobuzele circula toata noaptea La interval de 30 minute. va rog Unde sunt acum? Esti la Victoria Station. You can easily get there. Could I get a single ticket to .m. As putea lua (cumpara) un singur bilet Pana la … As putea lua un bilet de intors la… Desigur.? Buses run all night at thirty minutes intervals. / autobuzele Circula la interval de 30 minute.

. how can I get to. And there’ another thing I would like to know..este o distant lunga de aici .? / Sorry to trouble you.... Ma scuzati. I am sorry you can’t.. imi pare rau.. Si un alt lycru pe care as dori a il stiu… ..este la aproximativ 10 minute Cu autobuzul . va rog. Pot sa ma dau jos/sa cobor acum? Nu. din întâmplare)... Puteti sa imi spuneti Unde este spitalul? Poti sa imi spui unde este spitalul? stii … ? Nu știi ( poate.ia-o prima / a doua/ A treia la stanga .? go straight on ..? As vrea sa stiu….este destul de aproape .? You wouldn’t know. .take a bus number 10 get off at ..it’s a long way from here . Giving instructions/ furnizand/oferind informatii Excuse me. please? No.este dupa colt Asking for information/ solicitand/cerand o informatie Excuse me......Mergi drept inainte .~ 72 ~ Can I get off now.take the first/ the second/ the third left turn left/ right .ia-o la stanga / dreapta . Could you tell me where the hospital is? Can you tell me where the hospital is? Do you know.you are going the wrong direction Is it far from here? it’s quite near . nu poti..it’s round the corner Scuzati-ma ca va deranjez.go along High Street .du-te de-alungul High Street . would you? I’d like to know. cum pot sa ajung la…? ..Da-te jos / coboara la… - Te duci intr-o directive gresita Este departe de aici? .ia autobuzul cu nr 10 .it’s about ten minutes on a bus . please. how can I get to.

~ 73 ~ Exercise: Work in pairs. construiti dialoguri care sa va ajute sa ajungeti la locul dorit . Utilizand cuvintele si expresiile din partea anterioara. Exercitiu: Lucrati in perechi. Using the words and expressions in the previous parts of the brochure construct dialogues that will help you to get to places you need. Imaginati-va ca unul dintre voi trebuie sa ajunga la un loc/institutie de pe harta. Imagine one of you needs to get to places/institutions on the map.

Ma scuzati. Ma tem ca dl. please. Shall I take a message? I’m afraid Mr. dl Smith este la telefon/ Vorbeste. this is Mr. As putea lua un mesaj? Ma tem ca dl. please? Voi fi acasa dupa ora 6. Am fost “taiati”. What is your name? My name is… I’m sorry. Pardon? Could you speak a little louder. La revedere. Hello. I would like to speak to Mr. please. Doriti sa va dea un telefon? Da. Thank you very much. Smith is out of the office at the moment. Alo. va rog? Care este numarul dvs de telefon? Numarul meu de telefon este… Cand ati dori sa va sune inapoi? Who is speaking? I can’t hear you properly. Could you repeat it. .. Smith is out of the office at the moment. We were cut off. Vorbiti. la telefon ete dl Popescu. As dori a vorbesc cu dl Smith. Smith speaking. Va rog. Ma tem ca aveti un numar de Telefon gresit. this is Mr. Speak up. Puteti astepta un moment. Smith ete iesit din Birou in acest moment. Care este numele dvs? Numele meu este… Imi pare rau. please? What’s your telephone number? My telephone number is… When would you like him to call you back? I will be At home after six. could you tell me if there is a telephone box near here? Hello. Efectuand o convorbire telefonica … Cine vorbeste? Cine e la telefon? Nu va aud cum trebuie. Popecu speaking. Puteti s ail repetati. Ma scuzati? Puteti vorbi un pic mai tare. please? Hello. Va rog.. Multumesc foarte mult. nu v-am retinut numele.. dl Smith este la telefon. . va rog? Could you wait a moment. I didn’t quite catch your name. Bye bye. Smith. Making a telephone call . please. Smith is speaking. puteti sa imi spuneti Daca exista vreo cabina telefonica In apropiere? alo.~ 74 ~ Making telephone calls / dand telefoane / efectuand apeluri telefonice Excuse me. Smith ete iesit din Birou in acest moment. I’m afraid Mr. Would you like him to give you a ring? Yes. va rog. I’m afraid you have a wrong number. Va rog? Alo..

His/her pulse is irregular. The cells are cheaper on subscription but buying them is not as simple as the card is usually required deposit.~ 75 ~ Calling from the UK to Romania is cheaper than vice versa . He/She is in a shock. Suna la Politie. Pune ceva sub capul lui / al ei. In this way. He/She has a wound on his/her head. It looks like a broken arm. Suna la Ambulanta. The cheapest solution is to call using the cards. To call the Romania choose : country code . . The best and cheapest solution is to bring your camera without sim lock and purchase starter British mobile telephone network. El/Ea sangereaza. ie for example . Cards let you call from a landline and a cell. El/Ea are o rana la cap. To Timisoara : 0040 256 1233456. Ce s-a intamplat cu aceasta persoana? Aces tom este ranit.0040 . First aid/ Primul ajutor Is any of you a doctor? Este vreunul dintre dvs doctor? Does anyone have a first-aidkit? Are cineva trusa de prim ajutor? Call an ambulance. El/Ea este inconstient/a. I cannot find his/her pulse. Call the police. then the area code for the city and the number of the subscriber . For example.. Put something under his/her head.. sim card on the Orange network costs £ 10 . What happened to this person? This man is injured. El/Ea este nu misca. He/She is bleeding. we will not be liable for any additional fees imposed by the Romanian network. El/Ea este in soc. In the UK without a mobile phone is difficult to get around . He/She doesn’t move. Nu ii gasesc pulsul. Pare un brat rupt. Pulsul lui/al ei este neregulat. He/ She is unconcious.

Mi-am rupt bratul/ piciorul..~ 76 ~ At the hospital / La spital What’s the matter with you? What’s troubling you? I feel very ill. I have a cold. Am temperatura (febra). Sunt foarte slabit. Sunt racit/a. Va rog sunati un doctor. I broke my arm/ leg. Ce s-a intamplat cu tine? Ce ai patit? Ma simt (sunt) foarte bilnav. . Please call a doctor. Va trebui sa mergeti la spital. I have temperature (fever). I am very weak./ I feel very sick. You will need to go to a hospital. Sunt ametit. I feel dizzy./ Call for a doctor.

Unde s-a intamplat? S-a intamplat la coltul dintre High Street Si Oxford Street.m. Ce s-a intamplat? Conduceam (de-alungul 6 . Where did it happen? It happened at the corner off High Street and Oxford Street. For cosmetic surgery or tooth extraction would have to pay... It was very slippery. Cum a fost vremea (care au fost conditiile vremii)? Ploua.. They allow for a special international agreement concluded between the Romania and the UK. Cum te cheama? Numele meu este… Care este adresa ta / unde locuiesti? Adresa mea este… Puteti sa imi aratati permisul de Conducere. for example . Important telephone numbers:/ numere de telefon importante 24 hours for NHS Helpline NHS for Smokers Ambulance service 0845 4647 0800 169 0 169 999 A report of investigation / Un raport de investigatie What’s your name? My name is. This means that.m (dimineata). What’s your address? My address is... What happened? I was driving along. va rog? Cand a avut loc accidentul? A avut loc acum 2 ore. but only when we need a completely unplanned sudden or assistance . Could you show me your driving licence. Era foarte alunecos. What were the weather conditions like? It was raining. the health care is free .. but for the operation or ' piecing ' bones are not. Thanks to this. at 9 a. please? When did the accident take place? It happened two hours ago. la ora 9 a.~ 77 ~ Every Romanian residing in the UK is entitled to medical care National Health System ( NHS) .

I hit the other car.to slow down . nimeni nu a fost accidentat.to go fast/ faster .to turn on an indicator . a-si pastra calmul A chema ambulanta 66 Stressful situations on a bus / situatii stresante in autobuz Could you please be more quiet? It is not permitted to smoke or drink alcohol on a bus. two people got injured.to stop - Did anybody get injured? merge repede / mai repede pastra (drumul. No. M-am oprit.to overtake . I was hit from the left / right. doua personae au fost accidentate. If you do not behave yourselves you will be asked to leave the Ati putea fi mai linistit? Nu este permis sa fumati sau sa Beti alcool in autobuz.to turn left/ right . Daca nu va veti comporta Corespunzator. vi se va cere sa .. directia) inainte incetini depasi porni un indicator opri un indicator o lua la stanga / dreapta inversa opri A fost cineva accidentat? Da. Useful vocabulary: a collision an accident a crush to stay calm to call an ambulance a a a a a a a a a O coliziune Un accident O strivire. Useful vocabulary: . I stopped. The other car hit me. Yes. o zdrobitura A ramane calm.to keep straight on .to turn off an indicator . Cealalta masina m-a lovit.to reverse . nobody did.~ 78 ~ traseului). Am fost lovit din stanga/ dreapta. Nu. The driver run away. Conducatorul auto a fugit. Eu am lovit cealalta masina.

electricity) .a letter of employment from your employer How much would it cost? The bank keeps accounts free of charge. Da. As vrea sa pun ceva bani in Contul meu. trebuie sa furnizati: - o carte de identitate (pasaport sau permis de conducere) Facturile pe ultimele Luni (apa. Everything is under controll. of course. Yes. I would like to pay in some money into my account. or a driving licence) - last months bills (water. At the bank / La banca I would like to open a bank account at your bank. How much would you like to withdraw? I would like to cash this cheque. desigur. of course. Dati-va jos din autobus Acu. I would like to withdraw some money from my account. Get off the bus now or I will report you! I am calling the police now! Please. As dori sa deschid un cont la Banca dvs. please? Could you give me some Poti retrage intreaga suma? Pot avea (pot primi) in bancnote? Ati putea sa imi dati ceva . Totul este sub control. 67 Can you cash out the whole amount? Can I have it in notes.~ 79 ~ Coborati din autobus. sau voi raporta! Sun acum la Politie! Va rog sa sti calm. stay calm. Pentru a deschide Un cont bancar. curent) O scrisoare de angajare de La angajatorul tau Cat ar costa? Banca tine conturile gratuit Fara taxa. Da. Cati bani (cat de multi) Vreti sa scoateti? As dori sa incasez acest cec. bus. To set up a bank account you need to provide: - an ID (a passport. Yes. desigur. As vrea sa scot ceva bani din Contul meu.

Road signs / indicatoare rutiere Signs Giving Orders/ Indicatoare care avertizeaza Maximum Speed Limit (MPH) National Speed Limit Applies No Entry For Vehicular Traffic No Overtaking Limita de viteza se aplica limita acces interzis nicio depasire Maxima(mile/ora) de viteza nationala . please? Schimbat. that arise in the Romanian accounts .deposits and drawings Conturi curente Depozite pe un cont curent saldul contului curent Depozite si grafice (desene) - Depuneri cu previz (instiintare) Plata prin borderou Fisa/formular de credit/debit Ordin de plata A retrage bani deposits on notice paying-in slip credit/debit slip payment order to withdraw money practical council British employers require bank accounts. it does it with a certain credit of trust . va rog? Useful vocabulary: . as well as the most convenient to shopping with a credit card instead of cash .~ 80 ~ change. because if the bank decides to open it .deposits on a current account . Besides a longer stay . Account in an English bank also increases our credibility in the eyes of Employers . such an account becomes more profitable because usually there are no additional fees.current account balance .current accounts . which is also based Employer . as well. and much more favorably look at English than foreign .

~ 81 ~ No U-Turns Fara intoarceri No Right Turn FARA VIRAJ LA DREAPTA Stop And Give Way Stop si cedeaza Give Way To traffic trecerea ceseazatrecerea In U On Major Roads / pe drumurile principale No Stopping (Clearway) No Waiting Interzisa asteptarea Oprirea interzisa No Motor Vehicles School Crossing Patrol interzis motociclete patrula trecere pietoni scoala Signs Giving Warnings / indicatoare rutiere de avertizare Low Flying Aircraft Avioane joasa altitudine Bend To Right (Left if Reversed) Coteste la dreapta Two Way Traffic Crosses One Way Road Two Way Traffic Straight Ahead .

~ 82 ~ Slippery Road Pedestrian Crossing Wild Animals Dual Carriageway Ends Cycle Route Ahead Steep Hill Upwards Road Narrows On The Right Road Narrows On Both Sides Side Winds Roundabout Steep Hill Downwards Uneven Road .

~ 83 ~ Signs Giving Positive Instructions One Way Traffic Ahead Only Turn Left Ahead Turn Left Keep Left (Right if Reversed) (Right if Reversed) (Right if Reversed) Minimum Speed End of Minimum Speed Mini Roundabout Route To Be Used Segregated Pedal Vehicles May Pass By Pedal Cyclists Cycle & Pedestrian On Either Side Only Route Signs Giving Directions At a junction leading directly into a motorway (junction number may be shown on a black background) On approaches to junctions (junction number on black background) Route confirmatory sign after junction Downward pointing arrows mean 'Get in lane' The left-hand lane leads to a different destination from the other lanes. .

pres + mat. opac scaun centura de siguranta capac frontal oglinda laterala maneta de viteze frana de mana vitezometru radio radiator pedała incuietoare maner u .~ 84 ~ The panel with the inclined arrow indicates the destinations which can be reached by leaving the motorway at the next junction Route confirmatory sign after junction At the junction On approach to a junction in Wales (bilingual) The inside of a car / Interiorul masinii rear mirror steering wheel gas gauge horn ignition key washboard clutch brake accelerator mat seat seat belt visom side mirror gear lever handbrake speedometer radio heater pedale door lock door handle oglinda retrovizoare volan ecartament de combustibil claxon cheie de contact tablou de bord ambreiaj frana acceleratie covoras.

/ The battery is run down. The clutch is slipping.prizele / fisele sunt arse. Orar. One of the tires is punctured.s-a ars siguranta. .ambreiajul aluneca . The left indicator isn’t working. . I am short of oil.farurile nu functioneaza. . .usa nu se inchide. The ball-bearing has run hot. . . . The brakes are loose. mersul trenurilor Ghid de calatorie Breakdowns/ defectiuni !!! What’s wrong with your vehicle? . .~ 85 ~ Your bus / autobuzul tau a bus a double-decker a coach to get on a bus to get off a bus a fare a timetable a fare guide autobuz Autobus cu etaj Autocar / vagon de persoane A urca in autobuz A cobori din autobuz tarif Calator. The tire is flat. . The windscreen is broken. The door won’t close.o bujie este defecta. A spark plug is faulty.indicatorul stang nu functioneaza. . .una din anvelope este perforate/intepata. . . There’s a dent in the fender.ce este in neregula cu masina dvs? The motor isn’t working. The plugs are sooted. The engine is knocking and it overheats.Motorul bate si se supraincalzeste.este o infundatura in aripa masinii. .rulmentii sunt fierbinti.franele sunt slabe. . The battery is flat. The headlights aren’t working.anvelopa este dezumflata . The fuse has blown down.bacteria este descarcata.am putin ulei. .parbrizul este spart.motorul nu functioneaza.

a echilibra rotile .~ 86 ~ Repairs/ reparatii to retread / recap the tires to mend a puncture .a repara o pana de cauciuc to balance the wheels to toe-in .a reesapa pneurile pentru a repara o pana to mend a flat tire to align the wheels .a indrepta rotile .

~ 87 ~ to to to to to to to to to to to to lighten the nuts and bolts install a jack jack up fill up the tank change the engine oil reverse coast have a puncture lose control skid change a gear have a flat tire - a a a a a a a a a a a a “usura” piulitele si suruburile instala o priza ridica cu cricul umple rezervorul schimba uleiul de motor inversa cobori la vale avea o pana piede controlul derapa schimba o roata/janta avea pana Technical dictionary/ vocabular ethnic .

lead accumulator acumulator zinc plumb aluminiu aluminium amortizor shock absorber antenă antenna asfalt asphalt autostradă Motorway aplicabilitate practicability aflux inflow aprovizionare supply lead. acumulator accumulator acumulator plumb lead accumulator acumulator alcalin alkaline accumulator niekel-cadmium niekel . inlet adancime depth ac needle alama brass Anvelopa. osie axis Anti-inghet anti-freeze amortizor shock absorber .cadmiu zinc.~ 88 ~ A. pneu tire Axa.

chrome cilindru cylinder Cabal de alimentare feeder .~ 89 ~ Atelier work shop accident crash aprindere ignition B. ceramică ceramic câmp dynamo bobină dynamo field coil chimic chemical crom chromium. baterie battery benzină petrol benzină fără plumb unleaded plumb leaded de patru stele four-star bobină coil bobina de aprindere ignition coil biela connecting rod C.

bodywork . bonet catalizator catalyst catod cathode claxon horn clema clamp clapa flap cleste pliers Cheie reglabila (de piulite) spanner Cleste tevi pipe wrench contra counter cordon stranded wire cupru copper ciocan hammer caroserie body.~ 90 ~ cablu wire carburator carburetter cap head cui nail carlig hook cablu cable canal channel canistra Can. bodywork. canister corp body.

digital digital detector detector dioda diode dozator doser drum Way. .~ 91 ~ comutator switch cablare cabling combustibil fuel curea belt Centura de siguranta safety belt cric lifting jack D. road duza nozzle Divisor de frecventa frequency divider densitate density difuzor loudspeaker defect defect E.

funcționare run/running frecventa frequency fus pin Fluctuatii de curent Current sensitivity fum smoke filtru filter -de curatat fuel cleaner a frana to brake Frana de picior Foot brake Frana de mana Hand brake .~ 92 ~ electrod electrode eletrolit electrolyte electromagnet electromagnet electromecanic electromechanical electronic electronic electric electric emisie emission energie energy extinctor fire extinguisher eclator spark gap F.

gaura hole garaj garage gaz gas grosime thickness guma rubber H. ata thread flansa flange G. road map I. Harta rutiera route map. In ambele sensuri two-way impuls impulse inductanta inductance injector injector instalatie installation Instructiuni de intretinere service instruction izolatie insulation .~ 93 ~ Fir.

pana wedge iluminat lighting indicator indicator J. lichid liquid lungime lenght levier lever lant chain lumina light Loc de parcare parking place Lichid de racire cooling liquid Lichid de frana brake fluid lubrifiant lubricant M. manometru ressure gauge . jante wheel rim L. clei glue Ic.~ 94 ~ izolator insulator Lipici.

~ 95 ~ maner lever Manual de utilizare handbook. vibration Oglinda retrovizoare driving mirror Osie. axa axis P. noroi mud neinflamabil non-inflammable O. instruction Book margine edge membrana membrana N. oscillation oscillation. manual. paza guard presiune pressure -in anvelope tire pressure piesa de schimb spare part pivot pivot Pivot directie Steering pivot .

~ 96 ~ Pompa benzina Petrol pump Prize (electrica) socket piatra stone pietris gravel putere power output pneu tire pasager passenger pedala pedal pompa pump Parbriz windshield Placuta de inmatriculare number plate R. radiator racitor cooler radiator răcire cooling Racitor cu lichid liquid-cooled radiator heater Roata de rezerva spare wheel rugina rust Rulment Bearing -rulment axial -lagar de alunecare .thrust bearing .sliding bearing .

cablu wire strat layer Schimbator de viteza gear shift scanteie spark Sens unic One way scripete pulley Scoala de soferi driving school . part -partea superioara top/upper part -parte culisanta sliding part -partea de mijloc middle part -partea inferioara lower part.~ 97 ~ rezistenta resistor Revizie tehnica MOT test Rezervor de benzina petrol tank S. siguranță fuse staniu tin sectiune section. bottom part stift stud senzor sensor sensibilitate sensitivity Sarma.

unghi angle unealta tool . first-aid kit trusă de prim ajutor timp time boot/trunk trunchi tija rod Tablou de comanda keyboard Tractiune integrala four-wheel drive Tractiune pe spate rear wheel drive teava pipe Triunghi de avertizare warning triangle U.~ 98 ~ Statie de benzina/petrol petrol station surub screw surubelnita screwdriver T.

. 20. 11.ai vizitat vreodata alte tari? Do you want to take your . 2. What do you do? 17.Ai copii? / vreun copil? What are your children’s names? .~ 99 ~ Interview questions . 6.cati km sunt pana la Bucharest? Bucuresti? Are you married? . 5.Lucrezi acum? . 19.cu ce se ocupa ea / sotia? What is (What’s) your . 8. 10.ai hobby? . What is your profession? When did you get your driving licence? 1.care este numele copiilor tai? 15. 12.ce varsta au? . 3.ce faci / cu ce te ocupi? 18.cum te simti / cum esti astazi? How old are you? .cand ti-ai dobandit permisul de conducere? .Care este vasta ta / ce varsta ai? Where do you live? Unde locuiesti? Where are you from? De unde esti/din ce localitate esti? How far is it from Bucharest? .Part I / intrebari interviu partea I 14.Cati ani ai (cat de batran esti:) )? What is (What’s) your age? . 9.cat de departe este de Bucuresti? How many kilometers is it from . 7.care este profesia ta? .Esti casatorit? What is (What’s) your wife’s .vrei sa iti iei si family in UK? to England? familia cu tine . Are you working now? Do you have any hobbies? Have you ever visited any other countries? . 4. 22. What is (What’s) your name? Care este numele tau? How are you today? . 13. 21.care este profesia ta? profession? Do you have any children? .care este numele sotiei tale? name? What does she do? . How old are they? 16.

Are you taking English lessons now? Iei lectii de limba engleza .~ 100 ~ 23.

Have you ever driven abroad? 4.Ai fost vreodata in Marea Britanie? . Have you got any friends there? What do you know about this country? When could you leave Romania for England? Are you married? Have you got any children? How old are your children? What does your family think about your idea of working in England? Do you like your job? Why? Why do you want to work as a bus driver in the UK? 7.Lucrezi in acest moment? .Esti casatorit? . Have you ever been to the UK? 5. 8.Ce crede familia despre idea ta de a lucre in UK? . 13. Do you know any bus drivers? What do you know about their job? .De ce doresti sa lucrezi ca sofer de autobus in UK? . 12.~ 101 ~ Interview questions .Ai condus vreodata in strainatate? . Are you working at the moment? 2.Part II / intrebari interviu -partea II 1.Iti place munca ta? De ce? . 10.Cunosti soferi de autobuz? Ce stii despre munca lor? . 11.Ai lucrat vreodata in strainatate? .Ti-ai facut ceva prieteni acolo? .Ai copii? .Ce stii despre aceasta tara? . Have you ever worked abroad? 3. 6.Ce varsta au copiii tai? .Cand ai putea sa parasesti Romania pentru Anglia? . 9. 14.

ai avut vreodata de a face cu o situatie dificila sau un client furios / suparat? - Ce ai facut / cum ai reactionat? Ai avut masina ta personala? Cat de des conduci o masina? Unde conduci? (in/in afara unui oras) . What do you do to ensure the safety of your passengers and yourself whilst driving a bus? 29. What are the qualities of a good bus driver? 26. to improve my language skills d.Pentru a castiga bani .Pentru a dobandi experienta .Care sunt calitatile unui bun conducator auto / sofer? . Do you prefer to work in a team or on your own? 28.Prefer sa lucrezi in echipa sau de unul singur? Cum asiguri siguranta pasagerilor si a ta in timp ce conduci autobuzul? . Have you ever had to deal with a difficult situation or an angry customer? 17.Care este cea mai stresanta situatie pe care ai avut-o ca si sofer? . other 16. How would you explain something to a person who’s (who has) got difficulties understanding you? 27. 18. 21. to gain experience c. 19. something that could be defined as a high quality customer service? 23. Have you ever had to deal with any customers? 24.Ai avut accident? vreodata vreun .altele . to earn money b. ceva care ar putea fi definit serviciu de inalta calitate pentru ceilalti? . What did you do? Have you got your own car? How often do you drive a car? Where do you drive? (in/out of a city). Have you ever done anything more than you have been expected to.Ce este un serviciu bun pt client in opinia ta? .De ce vrei sa muncesti in UK? . Have you ever any accidents? had . What is a good customer service according to you? 25. Why do you want to work in the UK? a.Sa imi imbunatatesc cunostintele de limba . What was the most stressful situation you had as a driver? 22. 20.Ai avut vreodata de-a face cu orice clienti? .~ 102 ~ 15.Ai facut vreodata ceva mai mult decat era de asteptat.Cum explicit ceva unei personae care are dificultati de a te intelege? .

~ 103 ~
Frequent interview questions / Intrebari frecvente de interviu

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Have you ever been
to England?
What do you know about
England?
What do you think will be
the most difficult for you
whilst living in England?
How long have you been
driving? A truck/ a car/ a
bus… . How many
kilometers have you
already driven?
Have you previously
worked shifts?
What experience do you
have of working alone?
What experience do you
have with cash handling?

- Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?

Tell me about the time
when you had an
accident.
Are your customers
satisfied with your
service?
What do you know about
the employer?
What do you do for the
safety of your
passengers?
What do you do in your
free time, what is your
hobby?

- Spune-mi cand ai avut un accident.

- Ce stii despre Anglia?
- Ce crezi ca ar fi cel mai dificil
pentru tine cat stai in Anglia?
- De cat timp conduci? Un
camion? O masina? Un autobus?
Cati kilometric ai condus déjà?

- Ai condus inainte in ture?
- Ce experienta ai in a lucra
singur (fara coleg)?

Ce
experienta
aveti
manipularea banilor?

cu

- Sunt clientii tai multumiti cu
serviciile tale??
- Ce stii despre angajator?
- Ce faci pentru siguranta
pasagerilor tai?

- Ce faci in timpul tau liber, care
este hobby-ul tau?

~ 104 ~
Questions about situations / Intrebari despre situatii
They ask people to describe certain situations which have happened to them in
their professional lives.
Ei cer oamenilor sa descrie anumite situatii care s-au petrecut in viata lor
profesionala.

1.

An example of a situation when a customer complained
about something.
Un exemplu de situatie in care un Client s-a plans de ceva.
What was your reaction to

Care a fost reactia ta la aceasta?

that?
How did you solve it?
2.

Cum ai rezolvat problema?

An example of a situation when you did something extra for
your customer.
Un exemplu de situatie in care tu ai facut ceva extra pentru Client.

3.

Why did you do

De ce ai facut acest lucru?

it? What was it?

Despre ce a fost vorba?

An example of a situation when you had troubles with explaining
some information to somebody else
Un exemplu de situatie in care ai
informatii catre cineva.

What did you do to communicate

avut problem in a explica niste

Ce ai facut ca sa comunici
aceslucru cum trebuie?

it properly?

4.

How did you make sure the

Cum te-ai asigurat ca persoana

person understood you?

Te-a inteles?

An example of a situation when you worked as a part of a
team. Un exemplu de situatie in care ai lucrat ca parte a unei
echipe..

~ 105 ~
What was your position?

Care a fost pozitia/ functia

What did it teach you?

ta? Ce ai invatat?

What do you think makes

Ce crezi tu ca face o echipa buna?

a good team?

Un alt vehicul loveste autobuzul tau din spate. She has some difficulties to move inside with a very heavy luggage. What are you doing? 8. Tu conduci un autobuz. Il iei / il lasi sa urce in autobus sau nu? You are a bus driver on duty. One of them is a very aggressive person. El vrea sa urce in autobus dar nu are bani la el. un grup de oameni agresivi fac zgomot inauntru. It’s a late evening. A group of people inside is making some noise. When you are driving. He is breaking or smashing the glass of the bus window. Este seara tarziu.~ 106 ~ 5. 7. Esti la volanul autobuzului. Ce faci? Cum procedezi? You are behind the wheel of your bus. Un grup de personae din autobus fac ceva zgomot. He is making some damages inside. A young boy is coming to the bus. In timp ce conduci. Are ceva dificultati in a intra inauntru cu un bagaj mare. O doamna in varsta sau o persoana oarba incearca sa intre in autobuzul pe care il conduci. What are you doing? 9. He wants to get into the bus but he has no money on him. Other vehicle hits your bus from the back.. What are you doing? Ce faci? Cum procedezi? What do you do in that case? Ce faci in acest caz? You are driving a bus. Do you take him on board or you don’t? 6. Un tanar vine catre autobuz. O persoana din grup este foarte agresiva. . El sparge sau zgaraie fereastra autobuzului. Tu conduci un autobus. Ce faci? An old lady or a blind person is trying to get into the bus you are driving. You are driving a bus. a group of aggressive people makes some noise inside. El face stricaciuni inauntru. Esti un sofer de autobus in timpul lucrului.

What are you doing? What can you say to your passengers? Would you make a phone call to inform anyone about it? Ce faci Ce le spui pasagerilor tai? Vei da telefon sa informezi pe cineva despre asta? .~ 107 ~ 10. You have got a flat tire. Ai o pana de cauciuc.

~ 108 ~ .