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Unit 6: Agriculture, Industry, & Urbanization

1. What is agriculture and where did agriculture begin?
Students can...
A. Define agriculture.
B. Explain why a low percentage of agricultural workers indicates a high level of development.
C. Describe how people acquired food prior to agriculture.
D. Describe the first Agricultural Revolution.
E. Identify the hearths (location/time) of the Agricultural Revolution.
F. Explain the advantages of animal domestication to humans.
G. Identify where in today’s world we find subsistence farming being practiced and explain why it is being
practiced in those areas.
H. Identify and explain the purpose of shifting cultivation.
I. Identify and explain why some groups practice slash-and-burn agriculture.
2. When and why did people start living in cities?
Students can...
A. Explain how the 1 Agriculture Revolution & Industrialization lead to people living in cities.
B. Describe what it means to be urban.
C. Define a city.
D. Explain how a city provides a location for people to meet their needs.

3. How did agriculture change with Industrialization?
Students can...
A. Identify and explain the 2nd Agricultural Revolution.
B. Explain the connection between the 2 Agricultural Revolution and the Industrial Revolution.
C. Describe how the Industrial Revolution further advanced agricultural development.
D. Explain Malthus’ Theory and explain how it was proven incorrect.
E. Identify and explain the Third Agricultural Revolution/Green Revolution.
F. Explain the role modern technology played in the Third Agricultural Revolution.
G. Explain why some areas of the world have failed to benefit from the Third Agricultural Revolution.
H. Identify and explain criticisms of the Green Revolution.

4. What is the global pattern of agriculture and agribusiness?
Students can...
A. Describe how technology has impacted commercial farming.
B. Explain why cash crop production creates unequal distribution of wealth.
C. Identify which climates are most productive for agriculture and explain why.
D. Explain why coffee and sugar are examples of Core countries benefiting from the plantation system.
E. Identify and explain the purpose of Fair Trade certification.
F. Identify which types of agricultural are found in the highly developed world.
G. Describe some of the harmful effects of the widespread use of commercial agriculture.
H. Describe how agribusiness has changed farming in the United States.
I. Describe how urbanization impacted land use in the United States.
5. Where are current major population centers located & why?
Students can...
A. Identify the various ways cities are organized, and describe how they function.
B. Explain the role cities play in globalization.
C. Identify and explain some of the major problems plaguing major urban centers.

VOCABULARY Agriculture Shifting cultivation Slash-and-burn agriculture Domestication of animals 1st Agriculture Revolution 2nd Agriculture Revolution 3rd Agriculture Revolution (Green Revolution) Agribusiness (commercial farming) Malthus’s theory Subsistence farming Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Organic farming City Urban Rural Urban planning (zoning) Gentrification Urbanization Urban renewal Overcrowding Slums/Ghetto Segregation Traffic Congestion Megalopolis Pollution Urban sprawl Suburb Assembly line Factors of production Unions 1st Industrial Revolution 2nd Industrial Revolution Cottage industry Large enterprise Mechanization .