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Stresses Arising from [Flexure]

Lectures #10-12
References:
Beer, F.P. et al. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 6th Ed. SI. McGraw-Hill.
Hibbeler, R.C. (2011) Mechanics of materials. 8th Ed. Prentice Hall.

Procedure for Analysis v3.2


Objectives & Review

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure
Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems
Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

Internal

resultant loading

FBD. Check for indeterminacy


Use equilibrium equations

Deformation

/ Compatibility
Stresses and strains

Section property
Torsion / Bending Stress formula

Design

for required section (apply FS)

Determine the stress induced by transverse loads (moment and shear) in a member

Problem 11.1 Flexure


Objectives & Review

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure

Determine the absolute maximum bending stress in the


beam.

Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems
Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

Analyze/Design a member with transverse loading (e.g. beams and slabs)

Problem 11.2 Flexure


Objectives & Review

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure
Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems

A cast-iron machine part is acted upon by the 3 kN-m


couple shown. Knowing that = 165 , determine
(a) the maximum tensile and compressive stresses
in the casting,
(b) the radius of curvature of the casting

Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

Analyze/Design a member with transverse loading (e.g. beams and slabs)

Problem 11.3 Flexure - Seatwork


Objectives & Review

2.4 m

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure
Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems
Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

1.2 m

0.6 m

The uniform sign is supported by


the steel pipe AB, which has an inner
radius of 70 mm and an outer
radius of 75 mm. The face of the
sign is subjected to a wind pressure
which causes an equivalent bending
moment = -13.8 kN-m and
= 1.80 kN-m concentrated at
point B. Determine the maximum
normal stress among points C, D, E
and F

Analyze/Design a member with transverse loading (e.g. beams and slabs)

Procedure for Analysis v3.3


Objectives & Review

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure
Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems
Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

Internal

resultant loading

FBD. Check for indeterminacy


Use equilibrium equations

Deformation

/ Compatibility
Stresses and strains

Section property
Torsion / Bending / Transverse Shear

Design

for required section (apply FS)

Analyze/Design a member with transverse loading (e.g. beams and slabs)

Problem 12.1 Transverse Shear


Objectives & Review

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure

Determine the shear stress distribution over the crosssection of the beam shown

Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems
Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

Analyze/Design a member with transverse loading (e.g. beams and slabs)

Problem 12.2 Transverse Shear


Objectives & Review

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure

Determine the shear stress at section a-a of the


cantilevered strut at point B and the maximum shearing
stress acting on that section as well.

Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems
Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

Analyze/Design a member with transverse loading (e.g. beams and slabs)

Problem 12.3 Transverse Shear


Objectives & Review

2.4 m

Lecture #10
Stresses arising from
flexure
Lecture #11
Flexural Fiber
Analysis 3.2
Problems
Lecture #12
Transverse Shear
Analysis 3.3
Problems

Additional question:
What could be the possible
reason for the shape of IBeams (explain considering
transverse loadings)?

1.2 m

0.6 m

The uniform sign is supported by the


steel pipe AB, which has an inner
radius of 70 mm and an outer radius
of 75 mm. The face of the sign is
subjected to a wind pressure which
causes an equivalent transverse shear
force of9.07 kN (in y-axis direction)
at point A. Determine the maximum
transverse shear stress among points
C, D, E and F

Analyze/Design a member with transverse loading (e.g. beams and slabs)