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# [EUREC 305/EUREI 305]

## B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION

ECE/EIE
III SEMESTER
ELECTRICAL MACHINES
(ECE effective from the admitted batch 200708 onwards)
(EIE effective from the admitted batch 200809)

Time: 3 Hours
Max.Marks: 60
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Instructions: Each Unit carries 12 marks.
Answer all units choosing one question from each unit.
All parts of the unit must be answered in one place only.
Figures in the right hand margin indicate marks allotted.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT-I
1. a) Deduce from first principles the e.m.f. equation of a DC
generator.
b) A dc shunt generator gives an open-circuit voltage of 240V.
When loaded, the terminal Voltage falls to 220V. Determine
the load current in case armature-circuit and field winding
resistances are 0.1 and 50 respectively neglect the effect
of armature reaction.

OR

## 2. a) Explain why the e.m.f. generated in the armature of a dc motor

is called back e.m.f..

## b) Four terminals of a dc shunt machine are available, but these

are unmarked. How would you identify the field and armature
terminals?

## c) Determine the value of torque developed in Kg.m by the

armature of a 6-pole wave wound motor having 492 conductors,
30 mwb per pole when the total armature current is 40A.
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UNIT-II
3. a) Explain the working of a transformer at no load and full load
conditions with phasor diagrams.

## b) A 150 KVA transformer has an iron loss of 1400 watts and

full load copper loss of 1600 watts. Find the efficiently of
the transformer at 50% full load at (i) upf and (ii) 0.8 pf
lagging.

OR

## 4. a) Explain the principle of transformer action.

b) Derive an expression for the e.m.f. induced in a transformer
winding. Show that e.m.f. per turn in primary is equal to e.m.f.
per turn in secondary.
c) A 11000 / 2200 V, 100KVA, 1-phase two winding transformer
is to be used as an auto transformer by connecting the two
windings in series. Give the possible values of voltage ratios
and KVA outputs.
UNIT-III
5. a) Describe constructional features of both squirrel-case induction
motor and slip-ring induction motor. Discuss the merits of one
over the other.

## b) A 3-phase, 50 Hz induction motor has a starting torque which

is 1.25 times full-load torque and a maximum torque which is
2.5 times full-load torque. Neglecting stator resistance and
rotational losses and assuming constant rotor resistance, find:
i) The slip at full-load ii) The slip at maximum torque
iii) The rotor current at starting in per unit of full-load rotor
current.

OR

## 6. a) Sketch the torque-slip characteristic of an induction motor

working at rated voltage and frequency.

## b) Explain why slip in a 3-phase induction motor is directly

proportional to torque when operating near synchronous speed.

## c) A 11KW, 3-phase, 6-pole, 50 Hz, 400V Induction Motor runs

at 960 r.p.m. on full-load. If it takes 80A on direct on line
switching, find the ratio of starting torque to full-load torque
when started by star-delta starter, taking efficiency 95% and
p.f. 0.834.

UNIT-IV
7. a) Explain the constructional features of ALTERNATOR.

## b) How e.m.f. is induced in a 3-phase alternator? Derive the

expression for e.m.f. induced in an alternator.

OR

## 8. a) Show how the phasor diagram can be used to demonstrate the

conditions of motoring or generating in a synchronous machine. 6
b) A 550V, 55KVA, 1-phase alternator has an effective armature
resistance of 0.2 and a synchronous reactance of 2.25 .
Calculate the voltage regulation at full-load 0.8 p.f. leading.

UNIT-V
9. a) Explain the constructional features of stepper motor and its
principle of operation.
b) What are the applications of Universal Motor.

8
4

OR

## 10. a) Explain double revolving field theory of 1-phase induction

motor. Draw the torque slip characteristics.
b) Give principle of operation of capacitor start Induction motor.

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[4,6/IIIS/109]