You are on page 1of 13


Liquid Penetrant Testing


LP1/2 Liquid Penetrant Testing Definition History Basic Process Advantages Disadvantages .

porous material. is based upon capillarity action. SMLP2/3 .LP1/3 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Definition – Liquid penetrant testing is a non-destructive method mean of locating and determining the severity of surface discontinuities that are open to the surface of solid and essentially non .

) – Liquid penetrant testing(PT) is a non destructive testing method of detecting discontinuities which are open to the surface of solid and essentially non .LP1/4 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Definition(cont. SMLP2/4 .porous material.

Rods. crank pins 1938 .LP1/5 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Brief Historical background Penetrant Testing  –    of Liquid 19th century .Oil non colour penetrant Railroad industries .Post Emulsification penetrant SMLP2/5 .Flourescent penetrant 1957 . axles.Colour dye penetrant 1941 .

Development : Applying the developer – v. Report SMLP2/6 . Post-cleaning – vii. Evaluation and Record – vi. Wash : Removing the excess penetrant – iv. Penetration : Applying the penetrant – iii. Interpretation.LP1/6 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Basic process of liquid penetrant – i. Pre-cleaning – ii. Inspection.

LP1/7 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Medium  Liquid medium containing dye or fluoresent substance • Nature of signal  Capillarity bleedout of liquid trapped in flaws • Detection  Localized powder staining of applied developer SMLP2/7 .

LP1/8 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Indication/recording method  Direct visual observation for dye penetrant  Black light for fluoresent • Interpretation basis  Direct indication(dependent on proper methods for application of penetrant and developer) • Discontinuities/separations  Surface cracks. pinholes. laps. cold shuts and leaks SMLP2/8 . seams. laps. laminations.

joints. tubings. castings and billets. entire objects and complex shapes • Component  Weldments.LP1/9 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Application • Applicable material  All non-porous. engine mounts and gears. nonabsorbing materials • Applicable features and forms  Surfaces. gas turbine disks and blades. SMLP2/9 .

 Simple and economic method.  The indication appears directly on the test surface. SMLP2/10 .LP1/10 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Advantages and limitation • Advantages  The geometry and size of the part is not a limitation.

 Discontinuity must be surface connected and open.LP1/11 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Limitations  Access required for surface decontamination and cleaning.  Discontinuity depth is not indicated.  Not applicable on rough and porous surface.  Not applicable for high temperature (above 120F and very cold less than 40F) SMLP2/11 .

 Vapor hazard.  Discontinuity depth is not indicated.  Not applicable for high temperature(above SMLP2/12 120F and very cold less than 40F) .LP1/12 Liquid Penetrant Testing • Sensitivity/resolution  Microcracks to 1 micrometer width • Interpretation limits  False indications from shallow scratches and smearing • Others  Porosity of surface may mask important indications.

ii.Clear defination of test problems.Realistic acceptance criteria.LP1/13 Liquid Penetrant Testing • CRITERIA FOR SUCCESFULL INSPECTION i. iii. SMLP2/13 . Equipment or penetrant system are suitable for specific application.