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# ASCE 7-10

## Required Procedures for

Determining Site-Specific
Response Spectra
C. B. Crouse
URS Corporation
November 22, 2013
C.B. Crouse 2013

## ASCE 7-10; Ch.21

Site-Specific Ground Motion

Acc. in H2
direction (g)

Max Sa
H1
t

1 d.o.f.
Acc. in H1
direction (g)

H2

H1
t

H2

## Ground-Motion Prediction Equations Compute

Geometric Mean =
Sa1 * Sa2
Accelerogram
Horizontal Components
a

Sa

H1

H1

Sa1

t
a

Response Spectra

Sa

H2
t

H2

Sa2
Ti
C.B. Crouse 2013

Ti

Geomean Sa vs Max Sa

## Bedrock Response Spectra

x 1.1
Based on:
Sa

x 1.3

Max Sa
Geomean Sa

1.0
T (sec)
C.B. Crouse 2013

Adjustment of Site-Specific
Geomean Sa for Max Direction Sa
ASCE 7-10
Supplement

## Site-Specific Ground Motion Procedures

Ch. 21 of ASCE 7-10: Risk-Targeted MCE (MCER)

SaProb

SaDet

## Sect. 21.2.3: Site-Specific MCER

SaM(T) = min[SaProb (T), SaDet (T)]

## Method 2 (Exact) in Sect. 21.2.1.2

Use Risk Integral Equation
Required for foreign sites

## C.B. Crouse 2013

Probabilistic MCER
Risk Integral

Pf =

P(a)

dPf (a)
da

da

where

Pf =

in 50 yrs

## Pf (a) = probability of collapse given spectral

acceleration
C.B. Crouse 2013

Probabilistic MCER
Risk Integral

Pf =

P(a)

dPf (a)
da

Hazard Curve
From PSHA

da

Fragility Function
(log normal distribution)
stand. dev., = 0.6

## Probabilistic MCER (Actual Calc.)

Risk Integral becomes:
a2
Annual
Collapse Freq.

Hf =

H(a)

a1
Hazard Curve From PSHA
(Annual Exceedance Freq.)

## C.B. Crouse 2013

dPf (a)
da

da

Fragility Function
(log normal distribution)
stand. dev., = 0.6

## Assume aMCER = 2475-yr a

Compute Hf
Adjust aMCER or
Repeat until Hf 0.000201
Convert aMCER from geomean to max. direction

## ASCE 7-10: Two Methods for Probabilistic MCER

Method 1 (Approx.) in Sect. 21.2.1.1

CR =

2475-yr a

## CRS & CR1 from USGS web site (detailed report)

C.B. Crouse 2013

Deterministic MCER
1. Identify Controlling
Faults
2. Postulate MMAX for
each Fault
3. Use same GMPEs &
weights in PSHA
84th Percentile
Sa(T)
median + 1

## MMAX = weighted average MMAX for each fault

rupture scenario
Use USGS MMAX assigned for its
Deterministic MCER

## Selection on MMAX (Characteristic Earthquake)

San Andreas Fault
M 7.8 (1857)

M 8 (1525?)

M 8.5 (??)

Likely

Less Likely?

Highly Unlikely

## C.B. Crouse 2013

Source: Time Life Books

## C.B. Crouse 2013

Source: Hanks & Bakun (2008)

Deterministic MCER
Use Envelop Sa

## C.B. Crouse 2013

Deterministic MCER

## SaM = min[SaProb (T), SaDet (T)]

Design Response Spectrum (Sect. 21.3)

2
Sa =
SaM 0.8 x Sa
3

Figure 11.4-1
(Sect. 11.4.5)

Clarification

## Site-Specific Sa from Sect. 21.3 used to compute

R.S. and R.H. earthquake loads

## SDS & SD1 from Sect. 21.4 are for determining

Seismic Design Category, forces on
non-structural components and ELF analysis.
C.B. Crouse 2013