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ASCE 7-10

Required Procedures for


Determining Site-Specific
Response Spectra
C. B. Crouse
URS Corporation
November 22, 2013
C.B. Crouse 2013

ASCE 7-10; Ch.21


Site-Specific Ground Motion

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2008 USGS SS and SI Maps in ASCE 7-10

Acc. in H2
direction (g)

Max Sa
H1
t

1 d.o.f.
Acc. in H1
direction (g)

H2

H1
t

H2

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Ground-Motion Prediction Equations Compute


Geometric Mean =
Sa1 * Sa2
Accelerogram
Horizontal Components
a

Sa

H1

H1

Sa1

t
a

Response Spectra

Sa

H2
t

H2

Sa2
Ti
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Ti

Geomean Sa vs Max Sa

Bedrock Response Spectra


x 1.1
Based on:
Sa

x 1.3

Max Sa
Geomean Sa

1.0
T (sec)
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Adjustment of Site-Specific
Geomean Sa for Max Direction Sa
ASCE 7-10
Supplement

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Site-Specific Ground Motion Procedures


Ch. 21 of ASCE 7-10: Risk-Targeted MCE (MCER)

Sect. 21.2.1: Probabilistic MCER

SaProb

Sect. 21.2.2: Deterministic MCER

SaDet

Sect. 21.2.3: Site-Specific MCER


SaM(T) = min[SaProb (T), SaDet (T)]

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ASCE 7-10: Two Methods for Probabilistic MCER

Method 2 (Exact) in Sect. 21.2.1.2


Use Risk Integral Equation
Required for foreign sites

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Probabilistic MCER
Risk Integral

Pf =

P(a)

dPf (a)
da

da

where

Pf =

1% probability collapse in 50 yrs

P(a) = probability of exceeding spectral acceleration


in 50 yrs

Pf (a) = probability of collapse given spectral


acceleration
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Probabilistic MCER
Risk Integral

Pf =

P(a)

dPf (a)
da

Hazard Curve
From PSHA

da

Fragility Function
(log normal distribution)
stand. dev., = 0.6

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Probabilistic MCER (Actual Calc.)


Risk Integral becomes:
a2
Annual
Collapse Freq.

Hf =

H(a)

a1
Hazard Curve From PSHA
(Annual Exceedance Freq.)

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dPf (a)
da

da

Fragility Function
(log normal distribution)
stand. dev., = 0.6

Calculation of aMCER is Iterative

Assume aMCER = 2475-yr a


Compute Hf
Adjust aMCER or
Repeat until Hf 0.000201
Convert aMCER from geomean to max. direction

C.B. Crouse 2013

ASCE 7-10: Two Methods for Probabilistic MCER


Method 1 (Approx.) in Sect. 21.2.1.1

Compute 2% in 50 yr Sa from PSHA

Convert from geomean to max direction motion

Multiply by risk coefficients, CR(T)


CR =

aMCER from Method 2


2475-yr a

CRS & CR1 from USGS web site (detailed report)


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Deterministic MCER
1. Identify Controlling
Faults
2. Postulate MMAX for
each Fault
3. Use same GMPEs &
weights in PSHA
84th Percentile
Sa(T)
median + 1

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Example: MMAX for SAF

MMAX = weighted average MMAX for each fault


rupture scenario
Use USGS MMAX assigned for its
Deterministic MCER

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Selection on MMAX (Characteristic Earthquake)


San Andreas Fault
M 7.8 (1857)

M 8 (1525?)

M 8.5 (??)

Likely

Less Likely?

Highly Unlikely

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Source: Time Life Books

Uncertainty in MMAX for Given Rupture Scenario

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Source: Hanks & Bakun (2008)

Deterministic MCER
Use Envelop Sa

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Deterministic MCER

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Site-Specific MCER SaM

SaM = min[SaProb (T), SaDet (T)]


Design Response Spectrum (Sect. 21.3)

2
Sa =
SaM 0.8 x Sa
3

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Figure 11.4-1
(Sect. 11.4.5)

Clarification

Site-Specific Sa from Sect. 21.3 used to compute


R.S. and R.H. earthquake loads

SDS & SD1 from Sect. 21.4 are for determining


Seismic Design Category, forces on
non-structural components and ELF analysis.
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