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CHEMISTRY
BLUE PRINT
S.NO

LESSONS

1

3

5

10

marks

marks

marks

marks

TOTAL

1

Atomic Structure

2

1

1

-

10

2

Periodic classification

1

1

-

1

09

3

P – Block Elements

1

2

-

1

12

4

d – Block Elements

2

2

1

1

18

5

f - Block Elements

2

-

1

-

07

1

-

1

1

11

1

1

-

1

09

7

Coordination
Components
Nuclear Chemistry

8

Solid State

1

1

-

1

09

9

Thermodynamics

2

1

1

-

10

10

Chemical equilibrium

2

1

1

-

10

11

Chemical Kinetics

1

2

1

-

12

12

Surface Chemistry

3

1

-

1

11

13

Electro Chemistry I

1

1

-

1(1)

14

14

Electro Chemistry II

-

-

1

1

10

6

-

1

-

1

08

16

Isomerism in Organic
Chemistry
Hydroxy Derivatives

1

2

-

1

12

17

Ethers

2

-

1

-

07

18

Carbonyl Compounds

1

1

1

1

14

19

Carboxylic Acids

1

1

1

1

14

3

1

-

1

11

2

-

-

1

07

-

1

1

-

08

30

21

12

14

233

15

21

Organic Nitrogen
Compounds
Bio molecules

22

Chemistry in Action

20

Total

We classify the learning capacity of categories. In the first category, this package is used for
scoring pass mark. In the second stage, it is used for scoring 80 marks, the third stage is used
for scoring 120 marks and the fourth stage ,they can able to get 150/150.

1

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Stage - I
TABLE – 1
Lesson
No
5

Lesson

1 mark

3 Mark

5 Mark

10 Mark

Total

F – block Elements

2

-

1

-

07

7

Nuclear Chemistry

1

1

-

1

09

8

Solid State

1

1

-

1

09

9

Thermodynamics

2

1

1

-

10

10

Chemical Equilibrium

2

1

1

-

10

22

Chemistry in Action

-

1

1

-

08
53

Total

In the first table, this package is used maximum scoring 53 marks.

Stage - II
TABLE – 2
Lesson
Lesson
No
2
Periodic Classification

1 mark

3 Mark

5 Mark

10 Mark

Total

1

1

-

1

09

12

Surface Chemistry

3

1

-

1

11

17

Ethers

2

-

1

-

07

Total

In the stage I & II it is used for scoring 80 marks.

2

27

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Stage III
TABLE – 3
Lesson Lesson
No
1
Atomic Structure

1 mark

3 Mark

5 Mark

10 Mark

Total

2

1

1

-

10

4

d – Block Elements

2

2

1

1

18

6

Coordination
Components
Electro Chemistry

1

-

1

1

11

-

-

1

1

10

14

49

Total

The stage I , II & III is used for scoring 129 marks.
Stage - IV
TABLE – 4
Lesson Lesson
No
3
P – Block Elements
16

Hydroxy Derivatives

1 mark

3 Mark

5 Mark

10 Mark

Total

1

2

-

1

12

1

2

-

1

12
24

Total

NOTE
To score 150/150
 Practice the units mentioned in the four tables .
 Practice Book back one mark questions (self evaluation) for 19 units.
 Practice the questions that where asked in the PTA guide as well as previous
year public question papers.
 Practice for the chapters Hydroxy derivatives and d-block elements problems.
 Practice for the chapters Electro chemistry Chemical kinetics and
Isomerism in organic chemistry
1.Based on the blue print Without
one mark lessons
2. Based on the blue print Without
three mark lessons

14,15,22
5,6,14,17,21

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Lesson 5 – f Block Elements
5 marks questions ( Public Q.No : 54 )
1. What is Lanthanide contraction and causes?
(i) Lanthanide contraction :
The size of the M3+ ions decreases from La to Lu is called Lanthanide
contraction.
(ii) Causes :
a) Imperfect shielding of 4f electrons
b) increase in nuclear attraction
2. Discuss the consequences of Lanthanide contraction.
Consequences :
1) According to Fajan’s rule, in Ln(OH)3 the covalent character increases
between Ln3+ and OH- ions The order of size of Ln3+ ions are
La3+ > Ce3+… > Lu3+

2) There is regular decrease in their ionic radii.
3) Regular decrease in their tendency to act as reducing agent
4) Second and third rows of d - block elements are quite close in their properties.
5) These elements occur together in natural minerals and are difficult to
separate.
3. Write the uses of lanthanides and actinides.
Uses of lanthanides
1. pyrophoric alloy : (Ce, La, Nd, Fe, Al, C, Sc) used in cigarette lighters, flame
throwing tanks and tracer bullets.
2. Ceria and Thoria are used as gas lamp materials.
3. Cerium salts are used in dyeing cotton and as catalyst in lead storage
batteries.
4. Lanthanido thermic process. It is used to extract pure Nd, Zn, Fe, Co etc
5. Mish metal : Ce : 45 - 50% ; La : 25% ; Nd : 5% and other Lanthanide metals,
Fe,
Ca mixture Used for the production of brands of steel like high
resistant stainless steels.30% mish metal and 1% Zn mixture is used in
making parts of get engines.

4

kalvisolai. They have much greater tendency to form complexes. What is the difference between Lanthanides and Actinides.+6 5. effect. Their compounds are more basic. They form oxocations. Their compounds are less basic.They do not form complexes easily.www.+4 Actinides +4 +2. They do not form oxocation . Write various oxidation states of Lanthanides and Actinides Common oxidation state Other oxidation state Lanthanides +3 +2. Most of the ions are coloured.g. Radioactive .+3. they are non All of them are radioactive. lower. Most of the ions are colourless. Except promethium. 2. 4f electrons have greater shielding 5f electrons have poor shielding effect. 6. 7. U³+(Red) 4. 3.+5. Binding energies of 4f electrons Binding energies of 5f electrons are higher. 5 . Lanthanides Actinides 1. 5. (ii) Pu-235 used as a power source in long mission space probes 4. E.com Uses of actinides : (i) U-235 is used as fuel in nuclear power plant and as a component in nuclear weapons.

H2PO4. Th4+ .) 3+ Unreacted Monazite Sand ( SiO 2. Anhydrous fluorides and Chlorides of lanthanides individual metals 6 . How are lanthanides extracted from monazite sand? Monazite Sand Heat 210OC With H 2S O 4 for several hours Grey Mud Cold Water Filtrate Containing (Ln . HSO4-.www. ZrSiO 4) (recycle sand) + Neutralised to (or) added HF proper acidity Precipitate of Th3(PO4)4 (or) Precipitate Th Filtrate containing lanthanide and phosphate ions NaOH (or) Oxalic acid Lanthanide hydroxide (or) oxalate Individual Lanthanides are separated by suitable physical methods. H3O . TiO 2. SO4 2..kalvisolai.com 6.

3. It is a great tool for correlating facts of historical importance.e mr>mp 3. i. 2. This difference in mass is termed as mass defect. 7 . Binding Energy ∆E = ∆mc2 5. certain mass is converted into energy.693/  2. What is Binding energy of nucleus? 1.www.no : 37 ) 1. Explain the Spallation reactions with example. neutrons and electrons present. Note: Public question paper problem and example problem also practice.e mp>mr Q= (-) energy released i.mr) 931 Mev mp= sum of masses of products mr = sum of masses of reactants When Q= (+) energy absorbed i.kalvisolai. t 1/2 = 0. What is ‘Q’ value of a nuclear reaction? The amount of energy absorbed or released during the nuclear reaction is called ‘Q’ value of nuclear reaction Q value = (mp. Spallation reaction: The reaction in which high speed projectiles may chip heavy nucleus into several fragments 29Cu 63 1 1 37 +2He4+400MeV 17Cl +141H +160n 4.NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY 3 Marks question and answers: ( Public Q. The atomic mass is lower than the sum of masses of protons. Whenever a nucleus is formed .com Lesson – 7 . What is half life period? The time required to disintegrate the half of any radioactive substance is called half life period. ii. Write the two uses of radio carbon dating. It is very useful in understanding the evolution of life and rise and fall of civilizations.

Explain about the nuclear reaction taking place in sun. The energy changes in any chemical reaction is very much less when compared with nuclear reaction. 5. . both mass and energy.com 5 Marks . 1. No new element is produced since nucleus is unaffected. 2. beta and gamma particles from the nucleus. These reaction involve some loss. 3. 8 New element / isotope may be produced during the nuclear reaction. gain or overlap of outer orbital electrons of the reactant atoms.No : 65 (b) ) 1. the energy involved is expressed in MeV (Million electron volts) 4. Chemical reactions 1. 4.kalvisolai. 2. the energy is expressed in terms of kilojoules per mole. 5. Nuclear reaction is balanced in terms of 2. The energy changes are far exceed than the energy changes in chemical reactions. A chemical reaction is balanced in terms of mass only Nuclear reactions Nuclear reactions involve emission of alpha. Differentiate between chemical reaction and Nuclear reaction. In nuclear reactions. per individual nucleus. In chemical reactions.www.( Public Q. 3.

(March -06) S. C14 radio isotope of carbon is formed in the upper atmosphere by reaction with neutrons. It is incorporated in plants as a result Animals too consume C14 by eating plants.59 26Fe59 Diagnosis of anemia 8 Cobalt .197 90Hg197 diagnosis of damaged heart muscles and hyper thyroidism Kidney scan 6 Phosphorous -32 15P32 Detection of eye tumours 7 Iron . Write the medicinal uses of radioactive isotopes.14 begins to decay.No Names Uses 1 Tritium 1H3 Measure water content of the body 2 Carbon .198 79Au198 Location of blood clots. By knowing the amount of C14 present in plant or animal fossil the age of wood or fossil can be determined is called radio carbon dating.11 6C11 Brain scan 3 Carbon .www. Half life period of C14 = 5700 years. Explain Radio Carbon dating.particles emitted per minute per gram of carbon at the initial and final stages. It is a great tool for correlating facts of historical importance 2. 0 14 14 6C 7N + -1e Carbon . It is very useful in understanding the evolution of life and rise and fall of civilizations 4. 14 CO2. on death.kalvisolai. Curing of cancers 9 .14 6C14 Radio immunology 4 Iodine -131 53I131 5 Mercury .com 3. Therefore by knowing either the amount of C14 or the number of . the age of carbon material can be determined by Uses : 1. and circulatory disorders.60 27Co60 Treatment of cancer 9 Sodium -24 11Na24 10 Gold . organisms cease to take in fresh carbonations. (cosmic rays) 14 1 14 1 7N +on 6C + 1H The C14 atoms produced are oxidised to of photo synthesis .

The hydrogen bomb is bases on fusion reaction of hydrogen to form helium producing large amount of energy. Energy is released  17. It is not a chain reaction.6MeV 6. 3. Fusion takes place at the centre. Fission heat+ neutrons 6 1 3 4 3Li +0n 1H +2He +4. It is a chain reaction. 4. nuclear fission A heavy nucleus splits in lighter nuclei It does not require high temperature.kalvisolai.6 MeV. It requires a high temperature.78MeV 2 3 4 1 1H +1H 2He +0n +17. Hydrogen bomb based on the principle of nuclear fusion.www.com 5. What is nuclear fission reaction? Energy. What is nuclear fusion reaction? Write the differences between nuclear fission and nuclear fission nuclear fusion 1. Atom bomb is based on the principle of nuclear fission. 5. 7. Two or more lighter nuclei combine to form the heavy nucleus 2. Hydrogen bomb consists of an arrangement for nuclear fission in the centre surrounded by a mixture of 1H2 and 3Li6 isotope which provides the high temperature necessary to start the fusion. 10 . What is nuclear fusion reaction? 8. Energy is released  200 MeV. Explain the principle behind the hydrogen bomb.

State Bragg’s equation A relationship between the wave length x-rays the inter planar distance in the crystal (d) and the angle of reflection is Bragg’s equation.kalvisolai.www. n= 2d sin 11 . Example 9. Lesson – 8 Solid states 3 Marks (Public Q.com The process is us usually accompanied by emission of neutrons.no : 38 ) 1. Explain the uses of radioactive isotope with example.

3. Sketch sc .com 2. If the deviation occurs due to missing atoms . 12 . 1. Super conducting magnets . it acquires a Yellow colour.kalvisolai. This yellow colour is due to the formation of non stoichiometric compound of NaCl in which there is a slight excess of sodium.Unit cell. 2.www. Displaced atoms (or ) Extra atoms 3. Substances having this property are called super conductors. super conducting generators – It consumes low energy and save more energy. Unit cell is the smallest fundamental repeating portion of a crystal lattice from which the crystal is built by repetition in three dimension. Define . What is vitreous state? A state lying between the solid and liquid state is known as vitreous state. A crystal of NaCl is heated in sodium vapour. 1. Write uses of super conductor. Simple Cube (sc) Body Centred Cube (bcc) Free Centred Cube (fcc) 6. Imperfection of atoms Ex: Schottky Defect and frenkel defect 9. What are super conductors? (March. What are point Defects? 1. 2.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging equipment which is a whole body scan equipment. June 2006) The ability of certain ultra cold substances to conduct electricity without resistance is called resistivity. 4. Write note about Metal excess defects. bcc and fcc Structure.Used in High efficiency Ore separating machines. Super conducting solenoids . This defect is called metal excess defect. 7. 2. 5. 3. 3.

Ice ii) Vander Waals forces. Define : Super conducting transition temperature (Tc) (June 2007) The super conduction Transition temperature (Tc) of a material is defined as a critical – temperature at which the resistivity of a material is suddenly changed to zero. These crystals are soluble in water and insoluble in Non polar solvents. 12. Write the characteristics of Ionic Crystals. 7. 3.com 10. i) Dipole . The heat of vapourisation is high.www. They are hard and brittle.kalvisolai. 2.No : 66 a ) 1. 2. This defect is known as metal deficiency defect. FeS 11. All kind of molecular solids 13. What are molecular crystals? Give an example. They have high melting and boiling points. FeO . The forces binding the molecules together are of two types. 4. 5. What is metal deficiency defect? One of the positive ion is missing from its lattice site and the extra negative charge is balanced by some nearby metal ion acquiring additional to charges instead of one. Ionic solids are good conductors when dissolved in water. The lattice points in molecular crystals consists of molecules which do not carry any charge. 5 Marks question and answer ( Public Q. 1. 13 . Structure of CsCl-Explain. Ex. They are insulators in the solid state. Eg. 6.dipole interaction Eg. 1. Ionic crystals are hard and brittle.

3. Frenkel Defect on a crystal. The rotating table is provided with scale and vernier.kalvisolai. 1. 2. This defect is caused some of the lattice points are unoccupied. 2. from which the angle of incidence can be measured. The number of missing positive and negative ions is the same in this case and thus the crystal remains neutral. 3. 3. 2. The rays reflected from the crystal enter into the ionisation chamber and ionise the gas present inside. An arm which is rotating about the same axis as the crystal table.com 2. This defect occurs generally in ionic crystals in which the size of anion is much larger than the cation. Na+ Missing Cl. The apparatus consists of a x-ray tube from which a narrow beam of x-rays allowed to fall on the crystal mounted on a rotating table. This defect arise when an ion occupies an interstitial position between the lattice points. This method is one of the important method for studying crystals using x rays. 1. Explain Bragg’s spectrometer method. The points which are unoccupied are called vacancies. 4. The crystal remains neutral since the number of positive ions is the same as the number of negative ions. Schottky defects. Schottky defects appears generally in ionic crystals in which positive and negative ions do not differ much in size. carries an ionisation chamber.www. Ex: AgBr. Explain schottky and Frenkel defects. 14 .Missing Frenkel defects 1. 4. 3.

It corresponds to first order reflection (n=2). Due to ionisation current is produced which is measured by electrometer. if we use a crystal whose inter atomic distance ‘d’ is known then the wavelength of x-rays can be calculated. the corresponding ionisation current is measured from the electrometer.85° 18. Molecular Crystals 2. For different angles of incidence. Explain the various types of crystals based on lattice points. Third. The forces binding the molecules together are of two types. the maximum reflection or peaks for 100 plane occurred.com 5. Four types : 1. Eg.103 1 0. 5. All kind of molecular solids 15 . 0. These values are plotted in the form of graph. Significance of Bragg’s equation 1. The values of angles obtained are in accordance with the Bragg’s equation. The current of ionisation is a direct measure of intensity of reflected beam from the crystal. The lattice points in molecular crystals consists of molecules which do not carry any charge.kalvisolai. Hence Bragg’s equation is experimentally verified. Ice ii) Vander Waals forces. When the experiment is done there will be a maximum reflection at a particular angle That angle is noted. If we use x-rays of known wavelength then the inter atomic distance (d) is an unknown crystal can be calculated.9° 11. 3. Metallic Crystals 4. Similarly. 6. On the other hand.www.dipole interaction Eg. Ionic crystals Molecular Crystals 1. fourth and higher order of reflection occur at certain specific angles. Covalent Crystals 3.15°. The Bragg’s equation gives the essential condition for diffraction to occur.  Sin Ratio 5. 2. 2.312 3 4.205 2 0. For sodium chloride. i) Dipole .

Entropy is the ratio of the heat evolved (q) to the temperature (T) of the process. What is Gibbs free energy (G) G is defined as (H-TS) when H and S are the enthalpy and entropy of the system respectively T. Thus each electron belongs to a number of positive ions and each positive ion belong to a number of electrons. What is entropy? Give its unit. How are glasses formed? Explain the nature of glass. Each of a given sign is held by columbic forces of attraction to all ions of opposite sign. 6. Therefore glasses are regarded as amorphous solids or super cooled liquids as well. The viscosity of the liquid increases steadily and finally a glassy substance is formed. The forces are very strong. G is a state function 16 . Metallic crystal Metallic crystal consists of an assemblage of positive ions immersed in a sea of mobile electrons. iii) At a high temperature glasses undergo phase transition when crystals separate first as they do form super cooled liquid. lying between the solid and liquid states. rigidity and ability to withstand shearing stresses which are all properties of the solid state.www. Since H and S are state functions. Lesson – 9 THERMODYNAMICS 3 Mark Question and Answer ( Public Q. Unit of entropy is cal / degree / mole or eu/mole 2. Eg. iv) Glassy or vitreous state is a condition in which certain substance can exit. such as occurring on slow cooling. Ionic crystal In ionic crystals the units occupying lattice points are positive and negative ions. S = q/T .kalvisolai.No : 39 ) 1. Characteristics of glass : i) The chief characteristics of glass are hardness. diamond. ii) Glasses are optically isotropic and on heating without any sharp transition passes into a mobile liquid. The Vanderwaals forces are more general and occur in all kinds of molecular solids. The force that binds a metal ion to a number of electrons within its sphere of influence is known as metallic bond.temperature in Kelvin. When certain liquids are cooled rapidly there is no formation of crystals at a definite temperature.com Covalent Crystals The lattice in covalent crystals consists of atoms linked together by a continuous system of covalent bonds.

17 . State Troutons rule. The heat of vaporisation (Hvap) is calories per mole divided by the boiling point of the liquid in Kelvin is a constant equal to 21 cal. For a spontaneous chemical process. H = negative. What kind of substances deviate from Trouton’s rule? i) Low boiling liquids such as hydrogen and Helium which boil only a little above OK ii) Polar substances like water. entropy increases. This is called as the Kelvin – Planck statement ii) “It is impossible to transfer heat from a cold body to a hot body by a machine without doing some work”. 7. S= (+) ve. When does entropy increase in a process? a) In a chemical reaction. G<0. State the various statement of Second Law Of Thermodynamics. In order to find out whether a process is spontaneous or not. 6. This is called as the clausius statement of II law of thermodynamics.deg-1 molSvap = Hvap /Tb = 21 cal deg mol -1 -1 5. when number of molecules of products are more than the number of molecules of reactant entropy increases b) In physical process when a solid changes to liquid. the entropy changes of the system and the surroundings for the stipulated process is considered. the entropy of the universe increases. G= negative S = positive 5 Marks Question and answer ( Public Q. Spontaneous process is the process that is natural and does not need to be induced.com 3. when a liquid changes to vapour and when a solid changes to vapour. Give Kelvin Planck statement second law of thermodynamics. (March 2007) “It is impossible to construct an engine which operated in a complete cycle will absorb heat from a single body and convert it completely to work without leaving some change in the working system” 4.www. H<0 and S>0 Ie. alcohol which from hydrogen bonded liquids and exhibit very high boiling points as well as high Hvap. iii) Liquids such as acetic acid whose molecules are partially associated in the vapour phase and possess very low entropy vaporisation which is much less than 21 cals /mol/deg.No : 56 ) 1. What are spontaneous reaction? 1. 2. 8. Mention the essential conditions for spontaneity in a chemical reaction. It takes place on its own accord. i) “It is impossible to construct an engine which operated in a complete cycle will absorb heat from a single body and convert it completely to work without leaving some changes in the working system”.kalvisolai.

Since H is the heat absorbed or evolved in the process at constant temperature and pressure. 2. 1. Output can be in the form of any measurable energy or temperature change while input can be in the form of heat energy or fuel amount which can be converted to heat energy. Process S Spontaneous (+)ve Equilibrium 0 Non-Spontaneous (-)ve 8. Entropy increases in all spontaneous process. Entropy change S is defined as at constant temperature of the ratio of the heat changes of a process to the temperature of the system. the entropy change of the universe during a reversible process is zero. Write Characteristics of Entropy ‘S’. S is related to H. for a reversible and isothermal process Srev=qrev/T . iv).kalvisolai. The entropy depends on the quality of the substance. Units of entropy: Unit of entropy is cal / degree / mole or eu/mole 10. 5. The process should be reversible Srev= qrev /T(k) 4.The total entropy changes of the universe( Srev) is equal to the entropy of the system and in its surroundings. % efficiency = input/output x 100 2. 3. 7. vi) The heat Efficiency of any machine is given by the value of ratio of output to input energies.S is also calculated from H as S=H/T 18 . Suni= Ssys + Ssurr 6.com iii) ‘A process accompanied by increase in entropy tends to be spontaneous”. For an isothermal process(T= constant). v) “Efficiency of a machine can never be cent percent”. Entropy ‘S’ is a thermodynamic state function. Entropy is a measure of randomness of the molecule of a system. 9. Entropy is a measure of randomness or disorder of the molecules of a system. There are three cases of S predicting the nature of process. The energy of the universe remains constant although the entropy of the universe tends to a maximum.www.

4. 5. 3. There are three cases of G predicting the nature of process Process Spontaneous Equilibrium (-) ve 0 G 6. 2.No: 40 ) 1.www. then the equilibrium shifts in the direction that tends to nullify the effect of disturbance of stress. What is Equilibrium constant? The ratio of product of molar concentration of products to the product of molar concentration of reactants at equilibrium. G = q – w + PV – q G = –w + PV= Net Work Lesson 10 CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM – II 3 Marks Questions and Answers ( Public Q.  Non-Spontaneous (+)ve H = E + PV and E = q – w. Define Reaction quotient (Q). Therefore chemical equilibrium is called as dynamic equilibrium. 1. 19 . G and G values corresponds to the system only. ‘G’ is a state function. 4. ‘G’ has a single value for the thermodynamic state of the system.com 3. Why do equilibrium reactions referred to as dynamic equilibrium? At equilibrium rate of forward reaction is equal to rate of backward reaction. According to Le Chatlier’s principle. Write characteristics of Free energy ‘G’. State the Chatlier’s principle. 3. But according to I law of thermodynamics. a A+b B c C+d D 2. Q is defined as the ratio of product of initial concentrations of products to the product of initial concentrations of the reactants under non equilibrium conditions. Reactants and products are present in the reaction mixture in definite amounts. G = H – TS.kalvisolai. Free energy is defined as G= H-TS. But G is the intensive property when mass remains constant between initial and final states. TS = q . G is an extensive property. if a system at equilibrium is subjected to a disturbance or stress.

Calculate ng. H2 (g) + I2 (g) 2HI ( g) Δn g = (n p .kalvisolai.www. 1. for the following reactions. H2O Δn g (g) + 2 Cl2 (g) = (n p 4HCl (g) + O2 (g) .4 = 1 8. i) H2O2(g) H2O(g) + ½O2(g) ii) CO(g) + H2O(g) CO2(g) + H2(g) iii) N2O4(g) 2 NO2(g) 20 . What happens when ng = 0 ng = (-)ve ng = +(ve) in a gaseous reaction Kp = Kc [RT]ng If ng = 0 ng = (-)ve ng = (+)ve Kp = Kc Kp < Kc Kp > Kc 7.n r)g = 2 .2 = 0 2.com 5. Why? [ PCl 3] [ Cl Kc = 2 ] [ PCl 5 ] According to Le Chatlier’s principle increase in concentration of Cl2 favors backward reaction ie dissociation of PCl5 decreases 6.n r)g = 5 . Write the equilibrium constant for the following reactions. Dissociation of PCl5 decreases in presence of Cl2.

www.3:1 Pressure Temperature 300-500 atm 500° C – 550° C Catalyst Fe % of NH3 formed 37% The equilibrium conditions. SO2 and O2 Ratio :. Derive the relation Kp = Kc (RT)∆ng for a general chemical equilibrium reaction.No : 57 ) 1. 2. 3. Write synthesis of SO3 by Contact process. steam is passed to remove away the ammonia as and when it is formed so that the equilibrium remains shifted towards the product side.com 5 Marks Question and Answers : (Public Q.kalvisolai. Describe the synthesis of NH3 by Haber’s process.2:1 Pressure Temperature 700-1200 atm 400° C – 450° C Catalyst V 2 O5 % of SO3 formed 97% SO3 from contact process along with steam is used in oleum and H2SO4 manufacturing processes. 21 . H2 and N2 Ratio :.

of moles dissociated No. Derive the values of Kc and Kp for the synthesis of HI.( total number of stoichiometric moles of gaseous reactants ).com ng = ( total number of stoichiometric moles of gaseous products) . Initial No. of moles at equilibrium Equilibrium concentration PCl5 a x PCl3 0 - Cl2 0 - (a-x) x x 22 . of moles No. of moles No. Derive the values of Kc and Kp for the Decomposition of PCl5 Initial No.www. of moles dissociated No. 4.kalvisolai. of moles at equilibrium Equilibrium concentration H2 a x I2 b x HI 0 - (a-x) (b-x) 2x 5.

0. 1. What are Anaesthetics? Give two examples. which bring about loss of all modalities of sensation. Antipyretics are the compounds which are used for the purpose of reducing fever 2. 2. Ex. chloroform 2.www. What are antiseptic? Antiseptic is a substance that rendors micro organisms innocuous by killing them or preventing their growth. The drugs which produce loss of sensation are called anaesthetics. Antiprotozoals are the chemical compounds used to cure malaria. (i) General anaesthetics are the agent.No : 51 ) 1.kalvisolai. Ex: Cinchona park which gives rise to quinine acts as anti malarial. Diethyl ether. and paracetamol. phenacetin. They are two types. antipyrine. (ii) Local anaesthetics prevent the pain sensation in localised areas without affecting the degree of consciousness Example : Nitrous Oxide. 3. 23 . Iodoform. 4.com Lesson 22 CHEMISTRY IN ACTION 3 Marks Question and Answers ( Public Q. Extracts of certain plants. In what way Antipyretics are important? 1. lowering the body temperature to the normal Ex.2 % solution of phenol . specially te roots and stems are extensively used as anti malarial. Write a note on Antiprotozoals (or) Antimalarials. aspirin. particularly pain along with ‘reversible’ loss of conciousness.

What are antibiotics? Give example.2% solution of phenol and Iodo form are used as antiseptics. 1. 10. What are analgesics? Give examples.www. 3. 2. Atropine 9.g) Penicillins. In what way antacids are important? 1.g. If prevent Nausea Vomiting and motion sickness. It protect us against cardio vascular disease. 2. spasms of the stomach intestines and bladder. Eg. Write note on Antipasmodics. β. Some are used with antacid. 3. 2. Analgesics are the compounds which relieve all sorts of pains without the loss of consciouness. Magnesium and Aluminium hydroxide 8. 7. 1.g Sodium benzoate. Write note on Anti oxidants. Vitamin C. Antipasmodics are used to relieve cramps. 0. What is Food preservative? Give two examples. Cancer and cataract. Example : Anisotropine. Aspirin.com 5. e. Eg.carotene 24 . Antacids are the drugs used to rectify the imbalance in the acidity in the stomach. e.kalvisolai. Vitamin E. 2. Novalgin 6. Both are used to destroy the micro organism and so they are called antiseptics. Antibotics are the chemicals present in the microorganism which inhabit the growth or metabolism of some other microorganism. Why Iodo form and Phenolic Solutions are called antiseptics? 1. (e. Antacids are drugs that provide relief from burning sensation caused by eating oily and spicy food. It act as radical inhibitors. in the treatment of peptic ulcer. The substances that act against oxidants are called antioxidants. A chemical substance which prevents the spoilage of food material by destroying the food spoiling micro organism in it is called a food preservative. Potassium meta bi sulphite 11.

ethylene glycol forms the polymer ‘Terylene”.kalvisolai. 14. How is Buna –N prepared? Buna-N is obtained as a result of copolymerisation of two parts of butadiene with one part of acrylonitrile in the presence of sodium metal.www. How is Buna-S prepared? Buna. Such compounds are called artificial sweetening agents or artificial sweetners. (i) Saccharin. How is Nylon-66 prepared? Nylon . react forming condensation polymers. How to prepare terylene or Decron or PET? Both glycol and dicarboxylic acid being molecules with two functional groups. 15. 13. 16. Certain organic compounds which have been synthesized in laboratories are known to be many times sweeter than cane sugar.s is a synthetic rubber obtained by the polymerization of butadiene and styrene in the presence of sodium metal.66 is obtained by condensing adipic acid with hexa methylene diamine with the elimination of water molecule. (ii) Dulcin. Thus with Terphthalic acid.com 12. Eg. Write about Artificial Sweeteners. 25 .

–NHR. it does not affect the colour.kalvisolai. The presence of an auxochrome in the chromogen molecule is essential to make it a dye. 3. 4. A propellant is a combination of an oxidiser and a fuel. Auxochromes: The presence of certain groups which are not chromophores themselves. 1. The colour intensity increases with the number of chromophores or the degree of conjugation. These also called rocket propellants. E. Explain briefly on colour and structure of dyes. if an auxochrome is present in the meta position to the chromophore. 3. but the compound CH3 – (CH = CH)6 – CH3 is yellow in colour. –NH2. 2. 26 .No : 63 ) 1. However.g –OH. Chromogen The compounds containing the chromophore group is called chromogen. 1. ethene (CH2 = CH2) is colourless. NR2. 2. 2. Propellants are combustible compounds which on ignition undergo rapid combustion to release large quantities of hot gases.com 5 Marks Questions and Answers ( Public Q.www. Chromophroes : An organic compound appears coloured due to the presence of certain unsaturated groups (the groups with multiple bonds) in it. Such groups with multiple bonds are called chromophores. Such supporting groups are called auxochromes. The propulsion system in most space vehicles consists of rocket engines powered by chemical propellants. but deepen the colour of the chromogen. For example. Explain briefly on characteristics of rocket propellants.

Dual character of an electron was explained by Ans:-de-Broglie 3. When a propellant is ignited. Polyurethane. provides the necessary thrust for the rocket to move forward according to the Newton’s Third law of Motion 5. E. What is the energy of the electron in the Bohr’s first orbit? Ans:.increases 3) Effective nuclear charge (z*)can be calculated by using the formula Ans:. Lesson wise one words questions 1. Working of a propellant. dilute acids and alkalies. it burns to produce a large quantity of hot gases.     It It It It should should should should have a suitable colour be able to fix itself or be capable of being fixed to the fabric.o. 3.Broglie equation is Ans:. The value of Bohr radius for hydrogen atom is Ans:.kalvisolai. The intramolecular hydrogen bonding is present in Ans:.529 x 10-8 cm 5.carbon having more nuclear charge than boron 27 . If the value of E1 = -34. The energy of electron in an atom if given /En Ans:-En=-2π2me4/n2h2 8.g. Liquid hydrogen. etc.=h/mv 4. The bond order of oxygen molecule is Ans:-2 9.atom is -E. The hybridisation in SF6 molecule is Ans: sp3d2 10.www. Periodic classification -II ( 1 x 1 = 1 ) 1) The value of C-C distance found experimentally in a saturated hydrocarbon is Ans:-1.nitro phenol 2.II ( 2 x 1 = 2 ) 1.84 to which value ’n’ corresponds Ans:-3 2.com 4. If the energy electron in the second Bohr orbit of H .particle 6. De.54Å 2) on moving down the group the radius of an ion Ans:.-4E 7. These gases then come out through the nozzle of the rocket motor. be fast to light be resistant to the action of water. Hydrazine. The passage of gases through the nozzle of the rocket motor.What are the characteristics of dyes. Which of the following particle having same kinetic energy would have maximum de –braglie wave length Ans:.0.z*=z-s 4) Pick the correct statement Ans:.Atomic structure .

KJmol-1 11.zero 15. Among the halogen acid.HF 9. Comparing the ionisation energy of fluorine with carbon.HF 10. The compound with garlic odur is Ans:. Across the period electron affinity Ans:-increases 14. One can draw the map of building on a glass plate by Ans:.www. Which shows only .have stable electronic configuration 12. A . The electron affinity of an atom Ans:. The compound used as smoke screen Ans:-PH3 7. When XA>> XB.Block elements ( 1 x 1 = 1 ) 1. Among the following which has the maximum ionisation energy Ans:.Pauling scale 10. Halogens belongs to the group number Ans:.fluorine 9. Electron affinity is expressed in Ans:. The shape of PCl5 is Ans:-trigonal bipyramidal 6. Which of the following is most abundant in earth’s crust? Ans:-Si 3. Noble gases.Nobel gases 7. The scale which is based on an empirical relation between the energy of a bond and the electro negativities of bonded atoms is Ans:.Fluorine 8.com 5. The shape of XeF4 is Ans:-square planner 28 . The noble gas are un reactive because they Ans:. Among the following which has higher electron affinity value Ans:.higher ionisation energy 6. have ______ electron affinity. Ans:.98A0 12.P2O3 5.s>p>d>f 13.17 11.kalvisolai. An element which was burnt in limited supply of air to give oxide A which treatment with water gives an acid B acid B on heating gives acid a which gives yellow precipitate with AgNo3 solution A is Ans:-P2O3 4. The bond length of Cl2 molecule is Ans:. The order of ionisation energy Ans:. fluorine has Ans:.1.1 oxidation state? Ans:. the weakest acid is Ans:.inversely proportional to its size 8.B bond is Ans:-Ionic 3 P. Which of the following does not belong to group -13 Ans:-Ge 2.

d . The general electronic configuration of d. The colour of [Ti(H2O)6]3+ion to Ans:.inflammable is Ans:-He 1 5.ArF6 14. Paramagnetism is a property of Ans: unpaired electrons 7.block elements formed coloured ions because Ans. Paramagnetism is common in Ans:-d-block elements 4.(n-1) d 1-10 ns1-2 2.d-d transition 5. Silver salt used in photography is Ans:-AgBr 11.Which of the following compounds will not give positive chromyl chloride test? Ans:-C6H5Cl 14. Which of the ions will give colourless aqueous solution ? Ans:-Cu+ 15. Excess of sodium hydroxide reacts with zinc to form Ans:-Na2ZnO2 13. Choose the wrong statement regarding K2Cr2O7 Ans:-It reduces ferric sulphate to ferrous sulphate 19. Block elements ( 2 x 1 = 2 ) 1. Copper is extracted from Ans:.They absorb some energy for d-d transition 8.www.kalvisolai. Which of the following compounds is not coloured? Ans:-NaCd Cl4 16. The electronic configuration of chromium is Ans:.black elements is Ans:.He 4. Which is not known? Ans:. Formation of coloured ions is possible when compounds contain Ans:-lone pairs of electrons 3.3d10 3s1 9. Select the correct statement Ans:-mercury is a liquid metal 18. For a transition metal ion the effective magnetic moment in BM is given by the formula Ans: √n(n 2) 29 . In the extraction of cu.Which of the following has first ionisation energy? Ans:.com 13.copper pyrites 10. d. The correct electronic configuration of copper atom is Ans..2CuFes2 O2Cu2s + 2Fes + SO2 17. the reaction which does not takes place in the Bessemer converter is Ans:.3d5 4s1 6. Sodium thiosulphate is used in photography because of its Ans:.complexing behaviour 12.. The lightest gas which is non .

Which compound is formed when excess of KCN is added to an aqueous solution of copper sulphate Ans:-Cu2(CN)2 +(CN)2 21.mish .com 20. Which transition element shows highest oxidation state Ans:-Os 26. Ans:. --------.www. Ans:. The chemical composition of slag formed during the smelting process in the extraction of copper Ans:-FeSiO3 24. b) They show variable valency c) They form coloured icons and complex salts d) All the above statement are correct 4.form oxocations. Which of the following has maximum no of unpaired electrons? Ans:. The elements in which the extra electron enters (n-2)f orbital’s are called Ans:-f. Lanthanides are extracted from Ans:-monozite 6.Zr and Hf have about the same radius 4.Scandium 25.kalvisolai. Among the following statement . F.metals 11.block element is a) They are all metals. The Lanthanides contraction is due to Ans:-imperfect shielding of 4f electron 8.is used in gas lamp material. Ceria used in Ans:-gas lamp materials 9. Maximum oxidation state exhibited by lanthanides is Ans:.Mn2 + 22.Block elements ( 2 x 1 = 2 ) 1. the incorrect one is Ans : Argentite and cuprite are oxides. The lanthanide is responsible for the fact that Ans:. Lanthanides are separated by Ans:-fractional crystallisation 30 . 23.actinides 13. Alloys of Lanthanides are called as Ans:.+4 14. The Correct statement in respect of d.CeO2 10. The most common oxidation state of lanthanides Ans:-+3 5.block elements 7. The electronic configuration of actinides is Ans:-[Rn]5f 0-14 6d 7S2 3. The transition element with the lowest atomic number is Ans:. --------. Metallo thermic process involving lanthanides are called as Ans:-Lanthanido thermic process 12. The electronic configuration of Lanthanides is Ans:-[Xe] 4f1-14 5d16S2 2.

Valence bond theory doesn’t explain the property of complex compounds Ans:.8. Which is a double salt? Ans:-. The phenomenon of radio activity was discovered by Ans:.4 13. Diammine dichloroplatinum (IV) ion 14.F. K2SO4 Al2(SO4)3 .[Fe(CN)6]415.the complex ion is Ans:.is Ans:-square planar 9. In the nuclear reaction 92U238 82Pb 206 . Nuclear chemistry ( 1 x 1 = 1 ) 1.Fe²+ 12. An example of a chelating ligand is Ans:.com 6.square planar 4.is a weaker ligand 11.NO2 10.BM 17.Fe²+ 16. For a compound K4[Fe(CN)6] 4K+ + [Fe(CN6)]4.ordination compounds ( 1 x 1 = 1 ) 1.+2 7.en 5.Henry Becquarrel 2.ionisation isomerism 18. The type of isomerism found in the complexes [Co(NO2)(NH3)5] SO4 and [Co(SO4)(NH3)5] NO2 Ans:. The geometry of (Ni (CN)4]2. Co . A metal ion form the first transition series forms an octahedral complex with magnetic moment of 4.magnetic 7. The most penetrating radiations are ns:-rays 3. The coordination number of Ni(II) in Ni(CN4)2. The geometry of complex ion [Fe(CN)6]4.is Ans:.kalvisolai.is Ans:-octahedral 6.[Cu(NH3)4] Cl2 8. The geometry of (Cu NH3)4]2+ complex ion Ans:.is paramagnetic because Ans:. the no of & particles emitted are Ans:. [NiCl4]2.9 BM and another octahedral complex which is diamagnetic The metal ion is Ans:. In [FeII (CN)6]4.is Ans:. An example of a complex compound having co-ordination number 4 Ans:.www. The name of [ptIV (NH3)2Cl2]2 Ans:-. The oxidation number of nickel in the complex ion. [FeF6]4. An example of ambidentate ligand is Ans:.the central metal ion is Ans:. Paramagnetic moment is expressed in Ans:.[Cu(NH3)4]Cl2 3. 2. Which is not an anionic complex? Ans:. 6  31 .

Which of the following is used as neutron absorber in the nuclear reactor? Ans:.3 . Ans:. The Bragg’s equation is ________. The total number of atoms per unit cell is bcc is Ans:. Ans:-Order of reflection 9. Ans:-Body . Semi conductors which exhibit conductivity due to the flow of excess negative electron are called ________. 38 sr 94 and x. The number of close neighbors in a body centred cubic lattice of identical spheres is __________. Loss of particle is equivalent to a) increase of proton only b) decrease of one neutron only c) both a & b 10.8 10.super conductor 13.8 unit cell 12.space lattice 4.2 32 .centred cubic 6. The number of chloride ions that surrounds the central Na + ion in NaCl crystal is ______. Solid State ( 1 x 1 = 1) 1.cadmium.3 neutrons 9.Agcl 7. each point on a corner is shared by __________. In the Bragg’s equation for diffraction of x-ray ‘n’ represents _______. A regular three dimensional arrangement of identical points in space is called ________. Radio activity is due to Ans:. The ability of certain ultra cold substances to conduct electricity without resistance is called _____.n-type semi conductors 8. In the following radio active decay 92 x 232 89y220 how many and particles are ejected Ans:. Ans:. Ans:.unit cell 5. Ans:. Whcih one of the following particles is used to bombard 13 Al 27 to give to give 15 P30 and a neutron Ans:. The smallest repeating unit in space lattice which when repeated over and again results in the crystal of the given substance is called ________. 8. Ans:. Ans:.nd sin  3.kalvisolai. 92 U 235 nucles absorbs a neutron and disintegrates into 54 xe139. In a simple cubic cell. What will be the product? Ans:.www.positron decay 6.6 2. The crystals which are good conductors of electricity and heat are _________. Ans:.un stable nucleus 7. Ans:. 3 8.Molecular crystals 11. The crystal structure of Cscl is ________.com 4. Ans:. Ans:. An example for frenkel defect is _________.particle 5. The reaction 5B84Be8 takes place due to Ans:.

If G for a reaction is negative. there is Ans: an increase in entropy 5. If the equilibrium constants of the following reactions are 2A B is K1 and B 2A is K2. In which of the following process. Change in Gibb’s free energy is given by Ans: G=H-TS 9. Chemical equilibrium ( 2 x 1 = 2 ) 1. In the reversible reaction 2HI H2 + I2. Thermodynamics ( 2 x 1 = 2 ) 1. In the equilibrium N2 + 3H2 2NH3. - 10. Semi conductors are used as a) rectifiers b) transistors c) solar cells d) all the above 16. At equilibrium 1. the change is Ans: Spontaneous 6. the maximum yield of ammonia will be obtained with the process having Ans: high pressure and low temperature 5. The equilibrium constant Kc for the dissociation is Ans: 27/16 (mole dm-3)2 33 . The amount of heat exchanged with the surrounding at constant temperature.kalvisolai. An example of metal deficiency defect. then Ans: K1 = 1/K2 3. S<O 8. Which of the following does not result in an increase in the entropy? Ans: crystallisation of Sucrose from solution 7. In an adiabatic process which of the following is true? Ans: q = 0 4. Ans: H 2.FeS 9.www. For the homogeneous gas reaction at 600 K 4NH3(g) + 5O2(g) 4NO(g) + 6H2O(g) the equilibrium constant Kc has the unit Ans: (mol dm-3) 6.com 14. State of chemical equilibrium is: Ans: dynamic 2. When a liquid boils. Rutile is Ans:.Tio2 15. Ans:.. the process is always non-feasible? Ans: H>O. 3.0 dm3 vessel in which it partially dissociates at high temperature. Two moles of ammonia gas are introduced into a previously evacuated 1. All the naturally occurring processes proceed spontaneously in a direction which leads to Ans: decrease of free energy.0 mole of ammonia remains. Ans: . For the reaction 2Cl(g)Cl2(g)the Signs of H and S respectively are ________. Kp is Ans c) Equal to Kc 4.

2N2O5 4NO2 + O2. The unit of zero order rate constant is Ans: (b) mol litre–1 sec–1 3. The sum of the powers of the concentration terms that occur in the rate equation is called Ans: order 7. The rate of reaction is equal to Ans: k [A]½ 10. The half life period of a first order reaction is 10 minutes.com 7. Reactions in which the reacting molecules react in more than one way yielding different set of products are called Ans: parallel reactions 8. the rate of reaction is doubled when the concentration of A is increased by four times. The term A in Arrhenius equation is called as Ans: Frequency factor 6. The excess energy which a molecule must posses to become active is known as Ans: activation energy 4. For a reaction : aA bB.kalvisolai. For a reaction. Which one is the correct factor that explains the increase of rate of reaction by a catalyst Ans: lowering of activation energy 34 . the value of k at 310K will be Ans:4.932 10–2 min–1 9. k2 and k3 is dt dt Ans:2k1 = k2 = 4k3 11. Ea = 0 and k = 4. Hydrolysis of an ester by dilute HCl is an example for Ans: pseudo first order reaction 2. d[N205] = k1[N2O5]. The migration of colloidal particles under the influence of an electric field is known as Ans electrophoresis 2. the relation between k1.www.Chemical kinetics ( 1 x 1 = 1 ) 1. Surface Chemistry ( 3 x 1 = 3 ) 1. An equilibrium reaction is endothermic if K1 and K2 are the equilibrium constants at T1 and T2 temperatures respectively and if T2 is greater than T1 then Ans: a) K1 is less than K2 11. dt d [NO2 ] = k2 [N2O5] and d[O2] = k3 [N2O5].2 105 sec–1 at 300K. Then its rate constant is Ans 6. Arrhenius equation is Ans: ) k = Ae–Ea/RT 5.2 105 sec–1 12.

Ans electrolysis 2... Faraday’s laws of electrolysis are related to ..kalvisolai.... For chemisorptions.. Ans: CH3COOH 35 ...2 7....... When one coulomb of electricity is passed through an electrolytic solution. Colloidal medicines are more effective because Ans: they are easily assimilated and adsorbed 8. Ans: K =  C (1) 10... Ans: it is only partially ionised 9.. For selective hydrogenation of alkynes into alkene the catalyst used is Ans: Pd... the degree of ionisation of acetic acid . there is desorption when Ans: temperature increases 7........... The Tyndall’s effect associated with colloidal particles is due to Ans: scattering of light 6............... Colloids are purified by Ans: dialysis 13... Its equivalent conductance is ..Electro chemistry – I ( 1 x 1 = 1) 1. The specific conductance of a 0. The degree of dissociation of CH3COOH is ...0014 ohm-1 cm-1 at 25oC. Ans: decreases 8. Ans: 140 ohm–1 cm2 eq–1 6. When sodium acetate is added to acetic acid....... Ans: 0... An emulsion is a colloidal solution of Ans: two liquids 12....... The laws of electrolysis were enunciated first by . which is wrong Ans: it forms multi molecular layers on adsorbate 11.... NH4OH is a weak base because .... The equivalent conductivity of CH3COOH at 25oC is 80 ohm-1 cm2 eq-1 and at infinite dilution 400 ohm-1 cm2 eq-1...com 3...... The process in which chemical change occurs on passing electricity is termed as ..www... The phenomenon of Tyndall’s effect is not observed in Ans true solution 5.... the emulsion is Ans: O/W 9. the mass deposited on the electrode is equal to . partially inactivated by quinoline 10. Ostwald’s dilution law is applicable in the case of the solution of ... Ans Faraday 3.... In case of physical adsorption.... Fog is a colloidal solution of Ans: gas in solid 4............ Ans: equivalent weight of the electrolyte 5. Oil soluble dye is mixed with emulsion and emulsion remains colourless then.... Which one of the following formulae represents Ostwald’s dilution law for a binary electrolyte whose degree of dissociation is and concentration C .01 M solution of KCl is 0................. Ans electrochemical equivalent 4.......

Which one of the following relationship is correct ? Ans: pH = log10 1 [H] 12...... The ionization constant of phenol is higher than that of ethanol because Ans: phenoxide ion is stabilized through delocalisation 11.......... the hydrogen ion concentration in moles litre-1 is .com 11. Among the following compounds strongest acid is Ans: CH3OH 36 ..... The compound that reacts fastest with Lucas reagent is Ans 2-methyl propan-2-ol 10............... When alcohols are converted to alkyl chlorides by thionyl chloride in presence of pyridine the intermediate formed is Ans: alkyl chlorosulphite 7. On oxidation of an alcohol gives an aldehyde having the same number of carbon atoms as that of alcohol..... Indicators used in acid-base titrations are ...www. The hydrogen ion concentration of a buffer solution consisting of a weak acid and its salt is given by . Ans: 13 15. The alcohol is Ans:1o alcohol 8.. Ans: weak organic acids or weak organic bases 18.kalvisolai. For the titration between oxalic acid and sodium hydroxide... A solution which is resistant to changes of pH on addition of small amounts of an acid or a base is known as .. Ans: phenolphthalein 16. The pH of a solution containing 0. Ans: 6 13. Ethyl alcohol cannot be used as a solvent for CH3MgI because Ans: CH3MgI reacts with alcohol giving methane 6.1 N NaOH solution is .. The boiling point of ethyl alcohol should be less than that of Ans: formic acid 5... When pH of a solution is 2.. Ans [H+] = Ka [ Acid] [Salt] 17...... Which has the highest boiling point ? Ans: C2H5OH 2. A compound that gives a positive iodo form test is Ans: 2-pentanone 9......... Order of reactivity of alcohol towards sodium metal is Ans (b) primary > secondary > tertiary 4. Ans: 1 10–2 14... the indicator used in .... the pH of the solution is ....... Which is soluble in H2O ? Ans: Alcohols 3... When 10–6 mole of a monobasic strong acid is dissolved in one litre of solvent. Hydroxy derivatives 1( 1 x 1 = 1 ) 1. Ans: buffer solution 16.......

www. The isomerism exhibited by C2H5OC2H5 and CH3 – O – CH – CH3 is | CH3 Ans: metamerism 37 . p-nitrophenol is having lower pKa value than phenol because Ans anion of p-nitrophenol is more stabilised by resonance than that of phenol 14. Isomerism exhibited by ethylene glycol is Ans functional isomerism 18. The alcohol obtained by the hydrolysis of oils and fats is Ans: glycerol 23. Ethylene glycol forms terylene with Ans terephthalic acid 20. The active component of dynamite is Ans: Nitro glycerine 25. 1-propanol and 2-propanol can be best distinguished by Ans oxidation by heating with copper followed by reaction with Fehling solution 21. A compound that undergoes bromination easily is Ans phenol 17. The most unlikely representation of resonance structures of p-nitrophenoxide ion is Ans 13.kalvisolai. Glycerol is used Ans: (a) as a sweetening agent (b) in the manufacture of good quality soap (c) in the manufacture of nitro glycerin (d) in all the above 22. The reaction of ethylene glycol with PI3 gives Ans CH2 = CH2 17 Ethers ( 2 x 1 = 2 ) 1.com 12. The number of secondary alcoholic group in glycerol is Ans: 1 24. The reaction of Lucas reagent is fast with Ans: (CH3)3COH 15. When phenol is distilled with Zn dust it gives Ans: benzene 16. Ethylene diamine is converted to ethylene glycol using Ans: nitrous acid 19.

The compound that does not undergo Cannizzaro reaction is Ans acetaldehyde 10. Intermolecular hydrogen bonds are not present in Ans C2H5OC2H5 7. Williamson's synthesis is an example of Ans Nucleophilic substitution reaction 9. According to Lewis concept of acids and bases. Diethyl ether can be decomposed with Ans HI 4. it gives a precipitate of Ans Cu2O 9. When ethyl Iodide is treated with dry silver oxide it forms Ans diethylether 8. The formation of cyanohydrin from a ketone is an example of Ans nucleophilic addition 11. Carbonyl compounds ( 1 x 1 = 1 ) 1. tertiary butyl alcohol is obtained by the action of methyl magnesium iodide ? Ans CH3COCH3 38 . Isopropyl alcohol vapours with air over silver catalyst at 520 K give Ans acetone 4.www. When ether is exposed to air for sometime an explosive substance produced is Ans peroxide 10. Oxygen atom of ether is Ans Comparatively inert 5. This method is known as Ans Williamson's synthesis 18. Which of the following compounds is oxidised to give ethyl methyl ketone ? Ans 2-butanol 6. When acetaldehyde is heated with Fehling solution. Ether is formed when alkyl halide is treated with sodium alkoxide.com 2. The chain isomer of 2-methyl propanal is Ans : butanal 2. Formaldehyde polymerises to give Ans paraformaldehyde 7.kalvisolai. Schiffs reagent gives pink colour with Ans : acetaldehyde 3. Which one of the following is simple ether ? Ans C2H5 – O – C2H5 3. From which of the following. Hydrogenation of benzoyl chloride in the presence of Pd on BaSO4 gives Ans benzaldehyde 12. ethers are Ans Basic 6. Methyl ketones are usually characterised by Ans the iodoform test 5. Tollen’s reagent is Ans ammoniacal silver nitrate 8.

The IUPAC name of CH3 – CH2 – CH – COOH is Ans 2-methyl butanoic acid 7. The X is Ans CH3CHO 18.www. The compound which does not reduce Fehling solution is Ans benzaldehyde 21.CH3COCH3 Conc. The acid which reduces Tollen's reagent is Ans formicacid CH3 | 6. Bakelite is a product of reaction between Ans phenol and methanal 19. The Isomerism exhibited by CH3CH2COOH and CH3COOCH3 is Ans functional 8. Weakest acid among the following is Ans Acetylene 3. H2SO4 The product is Ans mesitylene 22. The compound used in the preparation of the tranquilizer. Ester formation involves the reaction of Ans An acylhalide with an alcohol 4. In the reduction of acetaldehyde using LiAlH4 the hydride ion acts as Ans nucleophile 16. sulphonal is Ans acetone 24. A cyanohydrin of a compound X on hydrolysis gives lactic acid.kalvisolai. During reduction of aldehydes with hydrazine and C2H5ONa the product formed is Ans R–CH3 14. The acid that cannot be prepared by Grignard reagent Ans formic acid 39 . Heating a mixture of sodium acetate and soda lime gives Ans methane 5. The IUPAC name of CH3 – C = CH – C – CH3 is | || CH3 O Ans 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one 19. Which compound on strong oxidation gives propionic acid ? Ans CH3 CH2 CH2 OH 23. Calcium acetate + calcium benzoate gives Ans acetophenone 25.Carboxlic acids ( 1 x 1 = 1) 1. Aldol is Ans 3-hydroxy butanal 15.com 13. Which of the following does not give iodoform test ? Ans:benzophenone 20. Which of the following statement is wrong ? Ans aldehydes and ketones undergo nucleophilic substitution 17. Which of the following is least acidic Ans C2H5OH 2.

In nitro alkanes –NO2 group is converted to –NH2 group by the reaction with Ans Sn/HCl 4. Among the following the strongest acid is Ans Cl3CCOOH 17. When chlorine is passed through acetic acid in presence of red P. The compound which undergoes intra molecular dehydration with P2O5 is Ans formic acid 11. The compound that is most reactive towards electrophilic nitration is Ans Toluene 6. Nitration of nitrobenzene results in Ans m-dinitro benzene 40 . When propanoic acid is treated with aqueous sodium . CO2 is liberated.Organic nitrogen compounds ( 3 x 1 = 3 ) 1.www. Ethylene cyanide on hydrolysis using acid gives Ans succinic acid 20. The compound found in some stony deposit in kidneys is Ans calcium oxalate 20. Nitromethane condenses with acetaldehyde to give Ans 1-nitro-2-propanol 7. Bromo ethane reacts with silver nitrite to give Ans C2H5NO2 2. The isomerism exhibited by and CH3 CH2 – O – N = O is Ans functional 3. Which order of arrangement is correct interms of the strength of the acid Ans CH3–CH2COOH < CH3COOH < HCOOH < ClCH2COOH 10. Which of the following compound is optically active ? Ans (c) CH3CH(OH)COOH (d) Cl2CHCOOH 18. Ans Trichloro acetic acid 13.bicarbonatate. When nitromethane is reduced with Zn dust + NH4Cl in neutral medium. Which of the following compounds has the smell of bitter almonds ? Ans nitrobenzene 8.CH3CH(OH)COOH ? The product is H2O2/Fe2+ Ans (a) CH3COCOOH 19.kalvisolai.com 9. The "C" of CO2 comes from Ans bicarbonate 15. HO C = O 1600c The product is H Ans H2 + CO2 12. Which of the following compounds will react with NaHCO3 solution to give sodium salt and CO2 ? Ans acetic acid 14. we get Ans CH3NHOH 5. it forms. Carboxylic acids are more acidic than phenol and alcohol because of Ans greater resonance stabilisation of their conjugate base 16.

The organic compound that undergoes carbylamine reaction is Ans C2H5NH2 14. Sucrose contains glucose and fructose linked by Ans C1 – C2 5. The building block of proteins are Ans -amino acids 10. | 18. Two amino acids say A.react to give Ans two dipeptides 41 . Identify the reducing sugar. Sucrose is not Ans hydrolysed to only glucose 4. Which is not true of amino acid ? Ans amino acid is insoluble in NaOH solution 11.com 9. The basic character of amines is due to the Ans lone pair of electrons on nitrogen atom 13. sulphuric acid. The reduction of CH3 – CH2 – C N with sodium and alcohol results in the formation of Ans CH3 – CH2 – CH2 – NH2 12. Oxidation of aniline with acidified potassium dichromate gives Ans p-benzo quinone 16. the intermediate formed is Ans C6H5 – NHOH 10. Primary amine acts as Ans Lewis base 15. The amino acid without chiral carbon is Ans Glycine 9.C6H5NH2 Ans:C6H5N2Cl X. B. Which of the following will not undergo diazotisation ? Ans benzyl amine 19.kalvisolai. Aniline differs from ethylamine by the reaction with Ans nitrous acid 20. Inversion of sucrose refers to Ans hydrolysis of sucrose to glucose and fructose 7. Ans Glucose 3. Electrophile used in the nitration of benzene is Ans nitronium ion 11. When aqueous solution of benzene diazonium chloride is boiled the product formed is Ans (c) phenol 21. Nitrobenzene on electrolytic reduction in con. Glucose forms___________ with acetic anhydride and sodium acetate. Which one of the following is a secondary amine ? Ans diphenyl amine NaNO2/HCl 17.www. HNO3 6. Glucose is not oxidised to gluconic acid by Ans Conc.Bio molecules (2x1=2) 1. Ans penta acetate 8. Which is a mono saccharide among the following : Ans Glucose 2. Identify X.

Which contains a long chain ester ? Ans wax 21. Alkaline hydrolysis of cooking oil gives Ans (a) soap (b) glycerol (c) fatty acid (d) both (a) and (b) 24.kalvisolai. Ultimate products of hydrolysis of proteins is Ans amino acid 17. Important constituent of cell wall is Ans cellulose 42 . Proteins are not sensitive to Ans water 14. Which is not a saturated fatty acid ? Ans Oleic acid 23. Hair and nail contains Ans keratin 25. Specificity of enzyme is due to Ans (a) the sequence of amino acids (b) secondary structure (c) tertiary structure (d) all of the above 16.com 12.www. Which among the following contains triglyceride ? Ans Cooking oil 20. An example of a fatty acid obtained from a cooking oil is Ans stearic acid 22. Which of the following contains a lipid ? Ans edible oil 19. Denaturation does not involve Ans breaking up of H– bonding in proteins 15. Proteins are Ans polypeptides 18. A di peptide does not have Ans two peptide units 13.

7. What do you understand by the dual character of matter? State Heisenberg’s uncertainty Principle? Write the difference between particle and wave? What is the significance of negative electronic energy? What are molecular orbital ? Why He2 is not formed? What is bond order? Define by hybridization? Write the conditions for the effective hydrogen bonding? PERIODIC CLASSIFICATION-II 1. 5.Mention the disadvantage of pauling and muliken scale? 6.com 1-Mark Practice Book back one mark questions (self evaluation) for 19 units.) N & O c.Why Electron affinity of fluorine less than of chlorine? 4.) B & C e.) Li & Be d. 4.) B & Be b.kalvisolai. 3.) Mg & Al 3. State Muliken scale? 5. Compare Ionisation Energy? a. Define Electron affinity 7. 6. 9. Define Ionic radii? 2. Define Ionisation Energy 43 .www. 2.) F & Ne f. 3-Mark Important Public exam questions are given below ATOMIC STRUCTURE-II 1. Practice the questions that where asked in the PTA guide as well as previous year public question papers. 8.

5. 8. 4.www. 19.com P-BLOCK ELEMENTS 1. What is catalysis? 2. What is Helmholtz double layer? 9. 6. What are emulsion? 15. 12. Write inert pair effect Write a note on plumbo solvency H3PO3 is diprotic why? Prove that p2o5 a powerful dehydrating agent H3PO4 triprotic why Preparation of potash alum? Preparation of phosphorous acid? Action of heat on phosphorus acid Electronic structure of H3PO3 & H3PO4 Write reducing property of phosphorus acid write reducing property of H3PO4 Write reducing property of PH3 Discuss the oxidizing Power of Fluorine Write note on Holme’s Signal How do Prepare xenon Fluoride Compounds HF cannot be stored in glass or silica bottles Why? Write the uses of Neon What are the inter halogen Compounds ? How are they formed? Write the uses of Helium? How can you draw a Picture in glass using HF? SURFACE CHEMISTRY 1. 9. Write Purification of drinking water by colloids? 13. 10. What is Peptisation? 8. 16. 14. 7. what is promoters? give Example? 5. Write note on Tanning? 12. 15. 18. What is Brownian Movement? 11. 17. A colloidal solution of gas in gas is not possible Why? 7. 13. what is Induced catalyst? give example 4.kalvisolai. What is Tyndall effect? 10. Write Medical uses of colloids? 44 . 3. what is catalytic poison? Give example 6. 2. How is Delta formed? 14. What is auto catalyst / give example 3. 20. 11.

5. 4. 3. 6. Explain co-ordination and Ionisation isomerism with suitable Examples: 2. 7. Explain Hydrate linkage and ligand isomerism with suitable Example.Raligh’s method ? Explain the Dewar’s method? D-block Elements 1. 6. Extraction of gold. Explain the postulates of werner’s theory. 8. 5. 3. 5. 4.kalvisolai.com 5Mark ATOMIC STRUCTURE-II 1. 5. 4. Explain structure of silicones ? Explain uses of silicones? Write the anomalous nature of fluorine:Give on account of manufacture of lead ? How is fluorine isolated from fluorides by? Explain the Ramsay . 4. 2. 2. PERIODIC CLASSIFICATION Explain the Factors affecting Electron affinity? How electron negativity values help to find out the nature of bond? Explain pauling method to determination of ionic radii ? Explain pauling scale electron negativity ? Explain the factors affecting ionization energy? P-block Elements 1. 1. Explain the Postulates of valance bond theory. Write the preparation of K2Cr2O7 Co-Ordination compound 1. 4. Write note on alumino thermic process:? Extraction of copper? Extraction of zinc Extraction of silver. 2. Discuss the Davis and Germer experiment Derive de Broglie’s equation what is significance? Discuss the shapes of orbitals Briefly explain molecular orbital Theory? Explain the Formation of N2 molecule by molecular orbital theory Explain the formation of O2 molecule by molecular orbital theory? Explain salient Features regarding Hybridisation? Explain Types of Hydrogen bonds. 7. 3.www. 45 . 3. 6. 3. 2.

What is electro osmosis? Explain 6. Explain the isomerism of ethers. for the complex K4 (Fe(CN) 6) a) Name b) Central metal ion c) Ligand d) co-ordination number e) Structure 6. Write briefly about the preparation of colloids by dispersion methods: 2. 3.com 5. Preparation of colloids by chemical method. 4. 10. Write the characteristics of catalytic reaction. 9. Explain the diethyl ether reacted with HI? mention its use. Explain the intermediate compound formation theory . H2SO4 3) Pcl5 4) Con. Surface chemistry 1.diamagnetic where as [NiCl4] 2+ is paramagnetic explain. 6. For the complex[Cu(NH3)4] SO4 mention. Write notes on 1) Dialysis 2) Electro dialysis 5. Write the difference between the Physical and chemical adsorption? ETHER 1.differs from [Fe(CN)6] 48. Write the possible isomerism structure and names of C4 H10 O Mention the methods of preparation of anisole. a) Name b) Central metal ion c) Ligand d) co-ordination number e) Structure 7. 4. In what why [ FeF6] 4. Write briefly about the preparation of colloids by condensation method. Explain the Adsorption theory. 8.H2SO4 5) Cl2 7. 2. 9. How chlorophyll is important in environmental chemistry? Mention its functions. [Ni(CN)4 ] 2. 5. 46 . Mention the function of Haemoglobin . How does diethyl ether react with the following reagent? 1) O2 2) dil.kalvisolai. 10. 7.www. What is Electrophoresis? Explain. 3. Write the preparation of diethyl ether. Write the difference between diethyl ether and anisole.