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1) The first case of communicable disease introduced into a defined population

is termed as (2014 Supplementary)
a) Index case
b) Primary case
Secondary case
d) Suspected case
e) Probable case

Answer: b...And the First case came to the attention of the
Investigator is called Index case

2) In case control study confounding bias can be prevented by:
a) Randomization
b) Matching
c) Double blinding
d) Triple blinding
e) Sampling
Answer B
3) A public health physician wants to study the load of hypertension in Punjab to
establish special screening and treatment service. Which design is more useful
for this?
a) Cross sectional
b) Case series
c) Cohort
d) Case control
e) Experimental
Answer: a (Load of disease, burden of disease, prevalence of disease all
carry same meaning and can be determined by cross sectional study)
4) When a new treatment is developed that delays deaths but does not produce
recovery from a chronic disease, which of the following will occur: (2014 A and S)
a) Prevalence of the disease will decrease
b) Incidence of the disease will increase
c) Prevalence of the disease will increase
d) Incidence and prevalence of the disease will decrease
e) Incidence of the disease will decrease
Answer: c. Note: factors increasing the prevalence of disease are, long
duration of disease, decrease the cure rate of disease, decrease the death
rate due to the disease and decreasing the incidence of disease

The frequency of .randomized trial Answer: b 8) Group of people worked at uranium mines for 5 years among them few developed cancer due to uranium exposure. It is : a) Elimination of disease b) Control of disease c) Eradication d) Surveillance e) Monitoring Answer: c 10) In a study of the cause of lung cancer patients who had the disease were matched with control by age. No intervention is required now. Which type of association would it be? (2013 A) a) Biological plausibility b) Coherence of association c) Temporal association d) Specificity of association e) Spurious association Answer: c 9) Permanent reduction of incidence of a disease to zero as a result of deliberate efforts. 6) The natural history of a disease is best established by: a) Morbidity indicator b) Prevalence studies c) Experimental studies d) Cohort studies Answer: d… cohort study is also called longitudinal study or incidence study 7) The most feasible design to assess the relationship between breast cancer and risk factor can be established by: a) Cohort study b) Case control study c) Cross sectional study d) Randomized trial e) Non. place and social class. sex.5) The time period required between ingestion of an infectious blood meal and viral replication in salivary tissue of the VECTOR sufficient for transmission to occur is called (2013A &2014 S) a) Latent period b) Lead time c) Intrinsic incubation period d) Extrinsic incubation period Answer: D.

What type of study was this? (2013 S) a) Prospective cohort study b) Case control study c) Retrospective study d) Experimental study e) Case series study Answer: b 11) a) b) c) d) e) Population at risk is used as denominator in calculation of : (2013 S) mortality rate incidence prevalence relative risk none of them Answer: b 12) a) b) c) d) e) Which of the following study design . This would therefore imply no association 15) a) b) c) Recall bias mostly associated with which study design : Case control study Cohort RCT .cigarette smoking was then compared on the two groups. give you the incidence Case control study Cohort study RCT Descriptive cross sectional None of them Answer: b 13) Direct standardization is used to compare the mortality rates between two countries this is done because of difference in: a) Cause of death b) Denominators c) Age distribution d) Numerators Answer: c 14) a) b) c) d) e) Relative risk of 1 (one) indicate: No association Highly positive association Positive association Negative association Highly negative association Answer: a…A relative risk of one mean that the incidence of disease is equal in both the exposed and unexposed population.

d) Field trial Answer: a 16) a) b) c) d) The purpose of double blind study is to: Avoid subject bias Avoid observer bias and sampling variation Reduce the effect of sampling variation Avoid subject bias and sampling variation Answer: b 17) Average number of daughter a new born girl will bear during life time assuming fixed age specific fertility and mortality is:( 2014 A) a) Gross reproductions rate b) Net reproduction rate c) Total fertility rate d) Total marital fertility rate e) Gross fertility rate Answer b 18) The average number of children women would have if she were to pass through her reproductive years bearing children at the same rates as the women now in each group is called: (2014 S) a) General fertility rate b) Net reproduction rate c) Total fertility rate d) Total marital fertility rate e) Gross reproduction rate Answer: c 19) a) b) c) d) The term ‘family size’ refers to: Total number of female children born to women Total number of person in a family Total number of children a women has born at a point in time None of the above Answer: c 20) a) b) c) d) e) Demography include study of all except Fertility Mortality Social mobility Marriage Morbidity Answer: e 21) Replacement level fertility is considered to be achieved when an average a) 3 birth per person b) 1 birth per person .

denominator is: (2013 A) a) 1000 live births b) 1000 births c) 1000 pregnancy d) 1000 population e) 1000 deliveries Answer: a 25) In city with midyear population of 1 lakh.MMR per 100. 1 due to toxemia of pregnancy. 1 due to electrocution.000= 400 NOTE: we don’t take the death which occurs due to electrocution because they are not related to pregnancy but it is accident and that’s why we don’t take incident/accident in calculation 26) Which one of the following is not a direct cause of maternal mortality: .5 birth person Answer: c 22) What is most suitable hormonal contraceptive for post partum lactating mother: a) Combined oral pills b) Nor ethisteron enantate(NET-EN) c) DMPA d) Norplant e) Third generation IUCD Answer: c 23) The most sensitive indicator of obstetric and pediatric care is: (2013 A) a) Still birth b) Post neonatal mortality rate c) Perinatal mortality rate (PMR) d) Under 5 mortality rate e) Early neonatal mortality rate Answer: c which is also the most sensitive indicator of obstetrics and gynecology so for both we use PMR 24) In maternal mortality rate . during same year.1 birth person d) 2. (2013 S) a) 400 b) 440 c) 350 d) 300 e) None of them Answer: a Calculation: 5+1+2+2/2500 multiply by 100.000 lives birth for this city during the same year. 5 females died due to postpartum hemmorrhage. there were 2500 live birth during a year. 2 due to abortion and 2 died due to obstructed labor.c) 2.

a) Cardiac disease b) Eclampsia c) Hemorrhage d) Abortion e) Sepsis Answer: a 27) Multiload device contains: a) Copper b) Zinc c) Progesterone d) Gold e) Silver Answer: a 28) Contraindication of IUCD includes which of the following : a) Suspected pregnancy b) Pelvic inflammatory disease c) Previous ectopic pregnancy d) Cancer of cervix/uterus e) All of the above Answer: e 29) Failure rate of contraceptive method is determined by : a) Sullivan’s index b) Number of accidental pregnancy c) Pearl index d) Half life Answer: c 30) Vasectomy is associated with : a) Impotency b) Complete infertility c) Partial infertility d) Loss of libido e) Testicular atrophy Answer: b .