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B.Tech (IIIrd Year, Mechanical)
1. Derive the expression of beam strength of a spur gear tooth.
2. Derive the expression for efficiency of worm wheel drive.
3. What is virtual or formative gear?
4. Describe the law of gearing. Why involute teeth are preferred over cycloidal teeth? What is the reason of
interference in gears and how it can be avoided?
5. Using a suitable schematic diagram explain the forces acting on worm gears. Also, define normal pitch,
helix angle and efficiency of worm gear drive.
6. Briefly discuss the following: (i) System of gear teeth (ii) Pressure angle
7. Discuss the classification of helical gears. With a neat sketch explain the forces acting on a helical gear
and explain.
8. With the help of a sketch, explain how an axial thrust is generated in a helical gear. What is herringbone
9. What are the disadvantages of spur gears? How these difficulties are overcome in helical gears?
10. A pair of spur gears with 20° full depth involute teeth needs to be designed. Input shaft rotates at 800
rpm and receives a 6 kW power. Speed reduction of output shaft is by 5 times. The gears are made of steel
= 450 MPa. Service factor is 1.3 and the face width is ten times of the module. The gears are
machined to accuracy of Grade 8. Assume a pitch line velocity of 3.6 ms', factor of safety 2 and
deformation factor 11.4 GPa. Estimate the module of the gear teeth. Determine the dynamic load by using
Buckingham's equation.
11. Two parallel shafts with center distance 200 mm are to be connected by 20° full depth spur gear and
pinion for a speed ratio of 3: 1. The speed of the pinion is 600 rpm. Module and width of the gear and
pinion are 5 mm and 50 mm respectively. The safe static stresses for pinion and gear are 110 and 55 MPa
respectively. Find maximum power that can be transmitted safely.
12. A pair of spur gear with 20° full depth involute teeth has pinion with 24 teeth and gear with 72 teeth. The
pinion speed is 3000 rpm and it transmits 35 kW. The permissible static bending stress for the material of
both the gears is 140 MPa. Design the gear.
13. A pair of straight teeth spur gears is to transmit 25 kW when the pinion rotates at 300 rpm. The velocity
ratio is 1:3. The allowable static stresses for the pinion and gear materials arc 120 MPa and 100 MPa
respectively. The pinion has 15 teeth and its face width is 15 times the module. Determine module, face
width and pitch circle diameters of both pinion and the gear from the stand point of strength only, taking into
consideration the effect of the dynamic loading. Assume 20° full depth involute pairs with ordinary cutting.
14. A compressor running at 250 rpm is driven by a 15 kW, 1000 rpm motor through a 14.5° full depth
gears. The centre distance is 375 mm. The motor pinion is to be of C-30 forged steel hardened and
tempered, and driven gear is to be of cast steel. Assuming medium shock conditions, determine the
module, face width and the number of teeth on each gear.
15. A pair of straight teeth spur gears, having 20° involute full depth teeth is to transmit 15 kW at 300 rpm of
the pinion. The speed ratio is 3:1. Assume number of teeth on pinion is to be 16 with a face width of 14
times module. Surface endurance limit of gears is 600 MPa. Assuming the steady load conditions and 8-10
hours of service per day, determine the module, face width and pitch diameter of gears. Given
Gear (Cl)
Pinion (steel)
Allowable static stress
60 Mpa
105 Mpa
Modulus of elasticity
100 kN/mm2
200 kN/mm2

19. Determine: (i) dimensions of the bearing. 20° stub tooth helical gears to transmit 40 kW with moderate shock at 1200 rpm. What are stable and unstable lubrications? Explain with the help of bearing characteristic number. 5.5. A pair of helical gears transmits 5 kW. Design a journal bearing for a centrifugal pump.3. Journal speed = 1350 rpm. of continuous service) and steady. diametral clearance = 100 µm. The speed of shaft is 1500 rpm. normal module 4 mm. Design a worm gearing to transmit 10 kW from an electric motor running at 1500 rpm to a machine running at 75 rpm. The C30 forged steel pinion on the motor shaft is 200 mm in diameter and drives a good grade cast iron gear on the pump shaft at 120 rpm. What do you mean by static load and dynamic load for a ball bearing? 7. The bearing temperature is to be limited to 75° and the ambient room temperature is 38°. Journal diameter = 100 mm. Design a pair of helical gears of equal diameter. A full journal bearing of diameter 80 mm and length 120 mm is to support a load of 20 kN at the shaft speed of 1500 rpm. Assume room temperature as 25° and the oil temperature as 77°. tangential and radial components of the tooth load if pinion rotates at 1200 rpm.Determine the axial. Find the viscosity of lubricating oil used. Assume double start thread and gear has 50 full depth 20° involute teeth. 17. What are the advantages and limitations of journal bearing? 4. The helix angle is 23° and permissible static bending stress is 100 MPa. 3. UNIT-2 1. 18. The bearing is lubricated by oil ring. Find the module and face width of the teeth. teeth on gear 50. The desired velocity ratio is 25: I and an efficiency of at least 87%s desired. Assume the worm and gear is made of hardened steel. Determine the module and the face width. How will you classify the rolling contact bearings? 6. (< 3 hr. The following are its details: Teeth on pinion = 25. Following data is given for a full hydrodynamic bearing: Radial load = 22 kN. Load is intermittent. Differentiate between hydrodynamic lubrication. ratio of length to diameter = 1 and ratio of minimum film thickness to clearance = 0. external load = 9 kN. The two shafts are parallel and 45 cm apart. What are the main components of the rolling contact bearing? Describe basic static load capacity. 10.0088 kg/m-s at 115°. A sleeve bearing 50 mm diameter and 50mm long has a journal speed of 3000 rpm. find the power transmitted and wear load and state whether the design is safe. 12. If gear ratio is 3: 1. The worm rotates at 750 rpm and normal pressure angle is 20°. . 13. The viscosity of oil used is 0.lfthe ratio of minimum film thickness to diametral clearance is 0.16. determine radial clearance. Two precision cut forged steel helical gears have 20° full depth involute teeth. Design a worm drive for a speed reducer to transmit 30kW at a worm speed of 600 rpm. module is 3 mm. Worm is made of case hardened steel. The oil used is SAE 10 at an average temperature of 60°. Wedge film lubrication and squeeze film lubrication. Check if artificial cooling is required and find the amount of artificial heating. Design a journal bearing to support a load of 5 kN at 1000 rpm using a hardened steel journal and bronze backed Babbitt bearing. unit pressure in bearing = 2. 23. basic dynamic load capacity and life of bearing. Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of rolling contact bearing. journal speed =960 rpm. and the gear of phosphor bronze and worm set is well lubricated. 9. viscosity of lubricant = 20 cP. A pair of worm gear is designated as 2/55/10/5. 11. 21. The value of minimum film thickness variable is 0. A 56 kW motor running at 450 rpm is geared to a pump by means of a helical gearing.4 MPa. Determine the power lost due to friction when power input is I kW. (ii) minimum film thickness and (iii) requirements of oil flow. The radial load on the bearing is 5. Worm rotates at 600 rpm and transmits 35 kW. 2. face width is 300 mm and surface endurance strength is 630 MPa. What do you mean by load factor? On what criterion does load factor depend? 8.6 and the load on the bearing is 40 kN. The following data is given for a 360° hydrodynamic bearing: Length to diameter ratio = 1.5 kN. What do you mean by lubrication? Classify thick film lubrication. helix angle 20° and normal pressure angle =20°. heat loss and minimum film thickness. The shaft diameter is 150 mm and length to diameter ration is 1. 22. 20. The speed of pinion is 600 rpm. Design a worm and worm gear drive for a speed reduction by 25.2.

Determine: (i) Bore and length of the cylinder. Speed 1500 rpm. Speed = 1200 rpm. Determine the bore and length of the cylinder and thickness of cylinder head. For a single row deep groove ball bearing.30 m. Speed = 500 rpm 4. . UNIT-3 1. There is no shock loading.35 N/mm 2-Pressure Mechanical efficiency= 80%. 17. operating speed of 1500 rpm for an average life of 5 years at l0 hours per day under uniform and steady load condition. Reliability of the system that is lout of 3 bearings failing during the life time of6 million cycles is 83%.017 kg/m-s. The bearing rotates with the inner rings. 5 days per week for 5 years and is to carry a stationary radial load 2500 N at 1500 rpm.2 m long. each subjected to 3 kN radial load.40 MPa Determine the size of rod cross section.14. Ambient temperature of oil = 16°C. A deep groove ball bearing has dynamic capacity of 20000 N and is to operate on the following work cycle. (i) inner race is rotating and (ii) outer race is rotating.35 N/mm2-Mechanical efficiency 80%. dimensions of big and small ends of the connecting rod and size of bolts for big end cap. Stroke = 0. The use involves minor shock and inner ring is rotating. Fuel consumption = 0. Assuming the loads are steady and the inner race rotates. 15.2 N Speed = 1500 rpm Compression ratio = 4: 1 Maximum explosion pressure= 2. Axial and radial load on the bearing are 625N and 1250 N respectively. 3. Select a single row deep groove ball bearing for a radial load of 4. radial load of 9000 N at 500 rpm for 20% of the time and radial load of 3500 N at 400 rpm for the remaining period. Absolute viscosity of oil at 55°C = 0. Also calculate the apparent and net circumferential stresses in the cylinder wall. A four stroke diesel engine has the following Specifications: Brake power 12 kW. Determine the equivalent load and life of ball bearing if. What is the rated life of a rolling contact bearing? Find the rated life of a 60 mm bore. 5. Maximum bearing pressure for the pump = 1. A four stroke petrol engine has following data: Piston diameter = 100 mm Stroke= 150mm Length of connecting rod= 315mm Weight of reciprocating parts =18. Determine the dimensions of the crosssection of the connecting rod assuming the depth to be twice as thickness and a suitable diameter for the piston rod. and (iii) Size of stud for the cylinder head. gas pressure = 8 MPa. Factor of safety is: 6. The cylinder of a four stroke diesel engine has the following Specifications: Cylinder bore: 150 mm . The engine stroke is 550 mm. Indicated MEP 0. Radial load of 6000 N at 200 rpm for 25% time.5 MPa. The cylinder of a slow speed steam engine is 250 mm diameter and the steam pressure 1 N/mm 2". Determine the dynamic load carrying capacity of the bearing with 90% reliability.5 kN" and axial load of 6 kN. 19. 6. (ii) Thickness of the cylinder head. Indicated mean effective= 0. A system is using 3 identical ball bearings. A 4 stroke diesel engine has the following specifications: Brake power= 5 kW. Cylinder material: Grey cast iron FG 200 (Sut = 200 MPa). Determine the thickness of the cylinder wall.15 MPa. dynamic load carrying capacity of the bearing is 5590 N and static load carrying capacity of the bearing is 2500 N.25. find the average expected life of the bearing in hours.The maximum pressure: 3. 2.375 m. the piston rod length is 1000 mm and the connecting rod is 1. Design a journal bearing for a centrifugal pump from the following data : Load on the journal = 20 kN Speed of the journal = l000 rpm. Poisson's ratio: 0. 16.5 N/mm2. Design an aluminum alloy piston for a single acting four Stroke engine for the following specifications: Cylinder bore = 0. Select a suitable bearing for a 40 mm shaft that has to operate 8 hours per day. 18. Brake mean effective pressure = 1. 20. light series ball bearing under a 6000 N radial load at 600 rpm.22 kg/kW/hr.