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# 5.62 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.

62
is in. thick and is made of SAE 4340 heattreated steel (see Appendix D for properties).
Determine the maximum safe load P if a
factor of safety of 2 with respect to failure by
yield is specified.
Fig. P5.62

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

132 ksi
= 66 ksi
2

Fillet:
D 3.0 in.
=
= 1.5
d 2.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

r 0.4 in.
=
= 0.2
d 2.0 in.

= 19.19 kips
1.72

Hole:
d 0.5 in.
=
= 0.1667
w 3.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

K t 1.72
(a)

K t 2.48

## (66 ksi)(3.0 in. 0.5 in.)(0.25 in.)

= 16.63 kips
2.48

The hole controls in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 16.63 kips

(b)

Ans.

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## 5.63 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.63 is

10 mm thick and is made of cold-rolled 18-8
stainless steel (see Appendix D for
properties). Determine the maximum safe
load P if a factor of safety of 1.5 with respect
to failure by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.63

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

1,138 MPa
= 758.67 MPa
1.5

Small Hole:
d 16 mm
=
= 0.1
w 160 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

## (758.67 N/mm 2 )(160 mm 16 mm)(10 mm)

= 416,979 N = 417 kN
2.62

Large Hole:
d 64 mm
=
= 0.4
w 160 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

K t 2.62

(a)

K t 2.20

## (758.67 N/mm 2 )(160 mm 64 mm)(10 mm)

= 331, 056 N = 331 kN
2.20

The large hole controls in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 331 kN

(b)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 5.64 A 1/8-in.-thick by 4-in.-wide steel bar is

transmitting an axial tensile load of 500
pounds. After the load is applied, a 1/64-in.diameter hole is drilled through the bar, as
shown in Fig. P5.64.
(a) Determine the stress at point A (on the
edge of the hole) in the bar before and after
the hole is drilled.
(b) Does the axial stress at point B on the
edge of the bar increase or decrease as the
hole is drilled? Explain.

Fig. P5.64

Solution
(a) Stress at point A:
Before hole is drilled:
P
500 lb
A = =
= 1, 000 psi
A (4 in.)(0.125 in.)

## After hole is drilled:

d 1/ 64-in.
=
= 0.003906
w
4 in.

A =

Ans.

Kt 3

PK t
(500 lb)(3)
=
= 3, 010 psi
(4 in. 1/ 64-in.)(0.125 in.)
At

Ans.

## (b) Stress at point B:

The axial stress at point B decreases. Since the average stress changes very little with the introduction
of the small hole and since the stress at A is larger than the average stress, the axial stress far from the
hole must be less than the average stress.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 5.65 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.65 is

200 mm wide by 25 mm thick and is made of
2014-T4 aluminum (see Appendix D for
properties). Determine the maximum safe
load P if a factor of safety of 2.25 with
respect to failure by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.65

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

290 MPa
= 128.89 MPa
2.25

Hole:
d
80 mm
=
= 0.4
w 200 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

## (128.89 N/mm 2 )(200 mm 80 mm)(25 mm)

=
= 175, 759 N = 175.8 kN
2.20

Notches:
r 25 mm
=
= 0.25
b 100 mm

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

K t 2.20

d 50 mm
=
=2
r 25 mm

K t 1.95

## (128.89 N/mm 2 )(100 mm)(25 mm)

= 165, 244 N = 165.2 kN
1.95

The notches control in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 165.2 kN

(a)

(b)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 5.66 The machine part shown in Fig.

P5.66 is -in.thick and is made of
structural steel (see Appendix D for
properties). Determine the maximum
safe load P if a factor of safety of 3
with respect to failure by yield is
specified.

Fig. P5.66

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

36 ksi
= 12 ksi
3

Fillets:
D 4.0 in.
=
=2
d 2.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

r 1.0 in.
=
= 0.5
d 2.0 in.
=

= 4.29 kips
1.40

Hole:
d 0.75 in.
=
= 0.1875
w 4.0 in.

Pallow =

allow At
Kt

allow At
Kt

(a)

K t 2.45

= 3.98 kips
2.45

Notches:
r 0.375 in.
=
= 0.3
b 1.25 in.

Pallow =

K t 1.40

d 0.375 in.
=
=1
r 0.375 in.

K t 1.83

## (12 ksi)(1.25 in.)(0.25 in.)

= 2.05 kips
1.83

The notches control in this case; therefore,
Pallow = 2.05 kips

(b)

(c)

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 5.67 The machine part shown in Fig. P5.67

is 20 mm thick, is made of AISI 1020 coldrolled steel (see Appendix D for properties),
and is subjected to a tensile load of P = 100
kN. Determine the minimum radius r that
can be used between the two sections if a
factor of safety of 2 with respect to failure
by yield is specified.

Fig. P5.67

Solution
allow =
Kt =

yield
FS

allow At
Pallow

427 MPa
= 213.5 MPa
2

## (213.5 N/mm 2 )(40 mm)(20 mm)

= 1.708
100, 000 N

D 80 mm
=
=2
d 40 mm
Then, from Fig. 5.15
r
r
=
= 0.25
d 40 mm

rmin = 10 mm

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 5.68 The -in.-thick bar with semicircular

(d/r = 1) edge grooves, shown in Fig. P5.68,
is made of structural steel (see Appendix D
for properties) and will be subjected to an
axial tensile load P of 10 kips. Determine the
minimum safe width B for the bar if a factor
of safety of 1.8 with respect to failure by
yield must be maintained.

Fig. P5.68

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

36 ksi
= 20 ksi
1.8

Edge Grooves:
d
=1
r
A (20 ksi)(0.5 in.)b
K t = allow t =
=b
10 kips
P
r 0.5 in.
=
b
b

Kt
=1
b
0.5 in.
b =
r /b

1.3
1.2

0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35

Kt

0.5 in.
b=
r /b

Kt
b

2.02
1.92
1.85
1.75

2.500
2.000
1.667
1.429

0.808
0.960
1.110
1.225

1.1
Kt/b

r
b

1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

r/b

## From plot at a value of K t / b = 1, r / b 0.265.

r
0.5 in.
=
= 1.887 in.
0.265 0.265
B = b + 1 in. = 1.887 in. + 1 in. = 2.89 in.

b=

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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## 5.69 The stepped bar with a circular hole,

shown in Fig. P5.69, is made of annealed 188 stainless steel (see Appendix D for
properties). The bar is 25 mm thick and will
be subjected to an axial tensile load P of 125
kN. Determine the minimum safe width D for
the bar if a factor of safety of 2 with respect
to failure by yield must be maintained.

Fig. P5.69

Solution
allow =

yield
FS

248 MPa
= 124 MPa
2

Hole:

allow = K t
124 N/mm 2 =

P
At

K t (125, 000 N)
( D 30 mm)(25 mm)

d d 30 mm
= =
D w
w

Kt
= 0.02480 mm 1
( D 30 mm)

D = w =

30 mm
d /w
0.06000
0.05000

d
w

w=D

Kt

Kt
D 30 mm

0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10

75 mm
100 mm
150 mm
300 mm

2.20
2.30
2.42
2.62

0.048889
0.032857
0.020167
0.009704

Kt/(D- 30)

## From Fig. 5.14

0.04000
0.03000
0.02000
0.01000
0.00000
0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

d/w

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## From plot at a value of

w=

Kt
= 0.02480 mm 1 , d / w 0.25.
( D 30 mm)

d
30 mm
=
= 120 mm
d /w
0.25

(a)

Fillet:
r 16 mm
=
= 0.25
d 64 mm
A (124 N/mm 2 )(64 mm)(25 mm)
K t = allow t =
1.6
P
125,000 N

## From Fig. 5.15,

D / d = 1.5
D = 1.5(64 mm) = 96 mm
Controlling Plate Width:
The hole controls; therefore,
Dmin = 120 mm

(b)

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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