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8

THE VERB

1.1. THE SIMPLE PRESENT
1.1.1. Form
Affirmative

Interrogative
Do I/you/we/they
Does
he/she/it speak
speak?
?

I/you/we/they He/she/it
speak speaks

Negative
I/you/we/they do not speak
I/you/we/they don't speak.
He/she/it does not speak
He/she/it doesn't speak.

Negative-Interrogative
Do I/you/we/they not speak ?
Don't J/you/we/they speak?
Does he/she/it not speak?
Doesn't he/she/it speak?

1.1.2. Use
1. To express "etemal"/"general" truths, or to make statements of general validity:
Ice melts in the sun.
The sun rises in the East and sets in the West.
2. To express repeated/habitual/permanent actions. Such actions are usually accompanied by the adverbs: every (day /week/month/year /, etc.), never, occasionally,
often, sometimes, seldom, twice a week, usually, etc.
We go to school every morning. (repeated)
Father smokes too much.
(habitual)
Jane works in a big factory.
(permanent)
3. In Direct Speech, to introduce quotations:
Shakespeare says:
"Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
Of princes shall outlive this powerful rhyme". (Sonnet 55)
4. Sometimes in giving the summary of a story, being called "Narrative" /"Historic"
Present:
I went into the dark room and, suddenly, I hear a strange noise.
But, in telling stories, both Simple Present and Present Continuous can be employed,
although there is a difference between their uses. While the Simple Present is used for
the events that happen one after another (sees, meets, says, goes, etc.) the Present
Continuous occurs with "background situations", that is with the things that are
already happening when the story starts or at a certain moment of the story :
The Prince enters the cave and there he sees a witch. The witch is boiling
something and is talking to a huge black cat that is looking at itself in a mirror.

In certain contexts. To express an officially planned action or an action belonging to a settled programme : The championship starts next Saturday. Then. and so. we'll go to the cinema. I slice the tomatoes. Hagi to Uiditu~ and he shoots and it's a goal! The Romanians are leading by three goals to nil in the second half. the progressive aspect must be used: They're coming. but Hagi intercepts. b) in a time clause whose action is simultaneous with another future action: Tom will like English grammar when he understands it. if these statements are not exclamatory. 6. especially in interrogative sentences. fry the onion and parsley in a little fat until the onions are translucent. (will start) The tourists visit the British Museum on Friday morning. 10. the continuous aspect must be used: What is going on there? .) as they contain in themselves the idea of continuity. (the service is a continuing activity) 7. to keep on. The pupils go on reading.. when to go on means to happen. In this case the Simple Present refers to quicker actions (whichare finished before the sentences that described them). I take the potatoes and slice them. sayings: Despair gives courage to a coward.In exclamatory sentences beginning with here or there: Here they come! There goes the train! But. But. In sports commentaries. The train is going now.With the verb to continue and its equivalents (to go on. Instep-by-step instructions or demonstrations: First.. it is not necessary to use a continuous form: The children continue to write. etc. Toexpress a future action a) in a conditional clause: If your cousin comes here tomorrow. In proverbs. 12. Nastase serves! (this very moment) Nastase is serving in the game we are watching now.THE INDICATIVE 9 5. 9. to render a modal hint: Why do you move so slowly? (reproach) 11. The Present Continuous is used for longer activities: The goal-keeper passes to Maradona. (will visit) g.

13. Tom watch_ TV in the evening. Are you wearing a sweater 6. V. 13. Are you looking out of the window? IV. 2. Are you having a party next week? I eating a cake? 4. 16.. We watch_ TV every afternoon. Are the girls talking? 10.. Fill in the blanks with -s or -es if they are necessary: 1. I am leaving home now. 3. 7. 3. 5. 14. Jane is running in the street now. 5. 6. The girl go_to the cinema on Saturday.. she . Albert jumps high. 6. This boy greets me in the morning. I like_ jam. We live in a big house. Fill in with do or does: 1. Whenever she comes to see us... 4. His brother often . 4. . Ann is making a new dress now. 8. You are cutting the bread now. My sister want_ to read that book. father work in a factory? 4 . I go there every morning? 5 we help mother at home? 6 you read French books? 7 . Complete the following sentences using the Simple Present: 1. Are 3. 10..1. Am today? writing the children listening to a record? 2. Exercises I... Those girls never . 7. 6. 8. 9. etc... These birds always .. 5.. III. 4.. Susan dresses beautifully on Sundays. You cook in the evening. Work on the model: Is the cat sleeping under the table? Yes. Is mother making the bed? 8. 6. Am I a letter? 9. 4. You want_ to see a good film. 7.. You are smoking now. The bus stop_ at the traffic lights. The pupils read_ the lesson.. Father is opening the door now. We only . My brother like_ honey. Lucy clean the blackboard? 3 . 3.. We like storybooks. 14. The rabbits are eating carrots now. We go_ to school in the morning. 8. 9. 11. You are dreaming now. I am learning a long poem now. Turn the following sentences into the interrogative: 1. 3. 11. 12. We are waiting for your friend now. . Alice wear_ this blouse every Sunday. 2. I dress_ quickly every morning. The girl is hurrying. 12. too. Grannie is telling us an interesting story now. 10. Work on the model: You are singing now.3. 1.. You always 2. You are drinking tea now. I know very many jokes.. 2.. 1. We help her in the garden. You usually . 9. 10. it often/usually/generally sleeps there.THE VERB 10 1. 15. The girl is writing with her left hand now. I work hard at my office. You sing every day/every evening/often/seldom.. The teacher read_the lesson every day. You go to bed late. Nobody ever nowadays. you speak English? 2.. occasionally.. II.. Are the boys drinking milk now? 7. The children are playing in the garden at the moment. we walk in the park? VI.. Is Tom crossing the street? 5..... We stop_ in front of this house. We are visiting a museum today.. 5. 8. 7. children like fruit? 8 you live in a village? 9 the girl eat in the dining-room? 10.

What time does he go to bed? (almost always. Jack . always) 9. We read Oliver Twist... come home late.. (What) 6. Where does he spend his summer holidays? (usually.. live in a village.. anyone .THE INDICATIVE II VII. never).. cook in the bedroom. Smith . 6. Where .. Answer these questions referring to Thomas using the words given in brackets.. You . want to go there now. the doctor ..... (Where) Where does she sleep? 1.. 2. occasionally) 4. (Where) 4. Are you carrying a suitcase now? 10.... 5. Fill in the blanks with don't or doesn't: 1. Is the car making a strange noise now? 13. 10. go to the theatre on Monday. Are youleaving the house now ? 14. when the manager left? (to know) 10.. How often . 7.. Work on the model: Jane sleeps in a large bedroom. 3. your friends . speak French. 8... to see his patient every evening? (to come) 2 . (What) 9.. I drink a glass of water... What sorts of radio programmes does he listen to? (usually. 3....Am I travelling by train now? 12. What does he keep in his handbag? (usually) 10.. We . We . We eat oranges in winter. Is father smoking now? 7. Mary ... I . " Mr. How does he get to school? (always) 6. What does he do on Sunday mornings? (often) 3. What does he take if he has a headache? (usually.. Use the Simple Present: 1. Are you singing an English songnow? 4. 2. draw the map of England... how far it is? (to imagine) IX. always. Then ask and answer the same questions about his sisters: 1... Smith likesspring. When) 3.. 9. You dig potatoes in the garden. milk or tea? (to prefer) 6 . XII. Turn the following sentences into the negative: 1. Mrs. you . in that room? (to sleep) 9.. (What. Jack plays tennis well on Saturday.. (What.. Am I walking in the park now? 8. I .. We work in a hospital. Is it raining heavily now? 5. (Where) 5. go to school in the evening. ... Complete the following sentences by supplying the correct form of the verb givenin brackets. When) 7. You . What sort of books does he read? (generally) 8. never) 7. (What. (What) 2... . Am I doing an exercise now? 3.. I leave home very late.. you . You want a new car. Are the tourists lying on the beach now? 11. Work on the model: Are you reading now? Do you read every day/every evening/etc.. What kind of films does he enjoy? (nearly. plant trees in winter.. ? 1. when they go to Paris? (to stay) 5.. Is June cutting the bread now? 9. It rains heavily in the mountains. Are the children waving to us? 6. The Sl'n rises early. When does he get up? (usually) 2.. write many letters. 6. We read stories in the evening. never) 5.. How.. 4. to thetheatre? (to go) 8 the children . Mother . When) 10. They . (When) Lucy lives in a new house. The children run inthe fields (Where) 8.. Father ... that house? (to own) 4. You wash your hands in the morning.. The girls walk in the forest. these girls . XI. X. 4. 5.. playingtennis? (to like) 3. Am I borrowing a book now? VIII. Is Ann working now? 2... the museums on Monday in your town? (to open) 7...

Does your mother make good cakes? (Yes) XVII. Give short answers to the following questions: 1. We are not climbing the mountain now. I get up at seven. Jane is not helping her brother now. 10. ride the bicycle/you/no. play in the garden every day/Tom/yes.!Our friends 5. 7.!Mary 2. 8.!I 6. Do Jane and Fred love music? (yes) 10. Jack works in this factory.!We 8. The teacher is not pointing to the map now. XV. Do the girls draw many cars? (No) 9. You play the piano./You 9. cross the road/the boys/yes.!Y ou You don't get up at seven. Does London lie on a river? (Yes) 2. 2. 1. You come home early. Work on the model: I am not speaking Spanish now. We open the windows every morning. 4. I live in a large town. You are not explaining the problem now. 1./the boy 8. The boys fly a kite'!The girl 7. 2. Does your father teach Maths? (No) 6./We 2. We are not travelling by plane now. Do you eat lunch at home? (Yes) 8. Do I speak English? (Yes) 3. plant trees in spring/the children/yes. You read a newspaper every day. I repair tape recorders.!you 3. They go to school in the morning. 5. 5. Work on the model: . We see good films on Sunday. 6. know this girl/you/yes. You like this song. XIII. I tell jokes every evening./you They go to school in the morning. The curtain is not rising now. 12 THE VERB 7. Harris plays chess very well. 12. The people are not shouting in the street now. Mother cooks in the afternoon. Do the Browns watch TV in the evening? (Yes) 5. Tom speaks English well./Mary 3.You are not dancing now. I am not writing an exercise now. Work on the model: . 15. 8.!They XIV. 1. We help mother. I don't speak Spanish every day/every week. 9. . You are not watering the flowers now. catch fish/we/no. They speak English well.!Jane 10. etc. 10. 3.!my sister XVI./father 6.. 9. 13. 11. I'm not signing the cheques now. Do I know this man? (No) 7. 8.!I 4. eat apples/we/yes. My uncle is not repairing the roof of his house now. I drink much milk. The student is not taking notes now. but you don't. Do you study Chemistry ? (No) 4. 14../his friends 7. Nick catches fish every week. 9. We do a lot of exercises at school. Work on the model: like coffee/you/yes I Do you like coffee? Yes. We know this street. 10. Thomas is not looking for his hat now. 1. visit London/Mary/no./we 5. I am not coming home now. You quarrel with them every day. watch TV/1 /yes. 6. I do. 7. 4. You wash your hands'!l 4. 3. help mother every morning/llno.