You are on page 1of 17

NAME: SHAMIR EDWIN FERNANDEZ

CLASS: 4 GIGIH
IC: 991221-02-6387
GROPU MEMBER:
1. MUHAMAD FAIZ
2. WONG YAN KIT
3. ARIF IKMAL
I. INTRODUCTION MEANING OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE (OSS)
Open source software (oss) is defined as computer software for which the sourcecode and
certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are providedunder a software
license that meets the Open Source Definition or that is in the public domain. This permits
users to use, change, and improve the software, andtoredistribute it in modified or unmodified
forms.

MEANING OF HARDWARE
A computer's hardware consists of the physical components necessary to operateand interact
with a computer. Since a computer's primary language is binary,devices are necessary to
convert our input into that language. The binary codecoming out of the computer must also
be translated into something usable for theoperator.
MEANING OF SOFTWARE
Software is often divide into two categories:1.
System Software
:
Includes the operating system and all the utilities that enables the computer to function.
2
.
Application Software
: Includes programs that do real work users. For examples, word proccessors, spreadsheets,
and database management system fall under category of applicationsoftware.

2.0 THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE OPERATING SYSTEM (OS)2.1 MEANING OF


OPEN SOURCE OS
Open Source Operating System is the most important program that runs ona computer that is
free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute itin modified or unmodified
forms. Every general-purpose computer must have anoperating system to run other programs.
Operating systems perform basic tasks, suchas recognizing input from the keyboard, sending
output to the display screen, keepingtrack of files and directories on the disk, and controlling
peripheral devices suchas disk drives and printers.
2.2 EXAMPLE OF OPEN SOURCE OS
KUBUNTU LINUX
A user friendly operating system based on KDE, the K desktop Environment.With a
predictable 6 month release cycle and part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntuis the GNU/Linux
distribution for everyone. Improved desktop,updatedapplications and increased usability
features are just a few of the surprises withthis latest release.

FEDORA LINUX
A Linux-based operating system that showcases the latest in free and open sourcesoftware.
Fedora is always free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. It is built by people across the
globe who work together as a community: the FedoraProject. The Fedora Project is open and
anyone is welcomed to join.

3.0 THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE APPLICATIONSOFTWARE3.1 MEANING OF


OPEN SOURCE APPLICATIONSOFTWARE
Open Source Application Software includes database programs, word processors,and
spreadsheets and others. It is free to use, change, and improve the software,and to redistribute
it in modified or unmodified forms.
3.2 EXAMPLE OF OPEN SOURCE APPLICATIONSOFTWARE
WEB BROWSER

A web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversinginformation


resources on the World Wide Web. An information resourceisidentified by a Uniform
Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image,video, or other piece of content.
Hyperlinks present in resources enable userseasily to navigate their browsers to related
resources. The major web browsersare Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome,
Apple Safari, and Opera.

SPREADSHEET
A spreadsheet is a computer application that simulates a paper, accounting worksheet.
Itdisplays multiple cells usually in a two-dimensional matrix or grid consisting of rows
andcolumns. Each cell contains alphanumeric text, numeric values or formulas. A formula
defineshow the content of that cell is to be calculated from the contents of any other cell
(or combination of cells) each time any cell is updated. Spreadsheets are frequently usedfor
financial information because of their ability to re-calculate the entire sheet
automaticallyafter a change to a single cell is made. A pseudo third dimension to the matrix is
sometimesapplied as another layer, or layers/sheets, of two-dimensional data.

4.0 THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN ICT4.1 HARDWARE


a)
Canon Pixma MP280 b)
Canon Pixma MX360
-The Canon Pixma MP280 is an entry level all-in-one printer, scanner, and copier with
enhanced photo printing capabilities. It was the budget-friendly model out of its line of eight
photo printers released by Canon in 2010. Taking on thenew Pixma photo printer look, it
features a simpleglossy black design with silver accents just likethe previously reviewed
sister product, the CanonPixma MP495. Canon has included Full HDMovie Print and photo
editing software, as wellas the Easy Photo Print app for Androidsmartphones in the package.
Moreover, this photoall-in-one offers high color resolution color photocapabilities with a
maximum of 4800 x 1200 dpiand is Energy Star certified. It is currently sellingfor only $70
from Canon's website; so keepreading to find out if this is the right printer for
The Canon Pixma MX360 was first introduced by Canon in January during CES 2011. It is
anentry level model designed for small office/homeoffice use, alongside the Pixma MX410.
We havealready reviewed the leading flagship inkjet outof the bunch, the Pixma MX882, and
the inkjetthat is one step down from it, the Pixma MX420. Now we will take a look at the
MX360. Thisfour-in-one can print, scan, copy, and fax andconnects to a computer via
HighSpeed USB 2.0(note that the MX410 has wireless connectivity).It has an automatic
document feeder that can fitup to 30 sheets and a 100-sheet rear feed tray. Wetested the
MX360 and found that it can print up to8 black and white pages per minute under thedefault
settings. The MX360 has a list price of $79.99; check out our full review below to find

you. Our reviews include an overview of specifications, testing results, a summary of


the build and design, and more.out if this is the suitable inkjet for your office atthat price.

4.2 SOFTWARE
a) Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 2.0 c)
Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 3.0Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 2.0 Beta wasadvertised in official emails from Adobe in
April2008. New features include: Localized corrections (edit specific partsof an
image) Improved organization tools Multiple monitor support Flexible printing options 64-bit
support The official release of Lightroom v2 was on July29, 2008, along with the release of
Adobe CameraRaw v4.5 and DNG Converter 4.5. Adobe has-Adobe Photoshop Lightroom
3.0 beta wasreleased on October 22, 2009. New featuresinclude: New chroma noise
reduction Improved sharpening tool New import pseudo
module Watermarking Grain Publish services Custom package for print On March 23, 2010,
Adobe released a second beta,which added the following features:

added DNG Camera Profiling to both releases.This technology allows custom camera
colour profiles, or looks, to be created by the user andsaved. It also allows profiles matching
the creativestyles built in to cameras to be replicated. Adobereleased a complete set of such
Camera Profiles for Nikon and Canon models, in addition to basicStandard Profiles for all
supported makes andmodels, through Adobe Labs, at the same time asthe Lightroom v2
release. This technology is opento all programs compliant with the DNG fileformat
standard. New luminance noise reduction Tethered shooting for selected Nikonand Canon
cameras Basic video file support Point curve Although not included in any beta release,
version3 also contains built-in lens correction and perspective control.

5.0 PERVASIVE COMPUTING5.1 MEANING OF PERVASIVE COMPUTING


Pervasive computing (also called ubiquitous computing) is the growing trend
towardsembedding microprocessors in everyday objects so they can communicate
information. Thewords pervasive and ubiquitous mean "existing everywhere." Pervasive
computing devices arecompletely connected and constantly available. Pervasive computing
relies on the convergenceof wireless technologies, advanced electronics and the Internet. The
goal of researchers workingin pervasive computing is to create smart products that
communicate unobtrusively. The products are connected to the Internet and the data they
generate is easily available.
5.2 EXAMPLE OF PERVASIVE COMPUTING
SMART TV
Smart TV, which is also sometimes referred to as "Connected TV" or "Hybrid TV", (not to
beconfused with Internet TV, Web TV, or LG Electronics's upcoming "SMART TV" branded
NetCast Entertainment Access devices), is the phrase used to describe thecurrent trend of
integration of the internet and Web 2.0 features into modern televisionsets and set-top boxes,
as well as the technological convergence between computers and thesetelevision sets /set-top
boxes. These new devices most often also have a much higher focuson online interactive
media, Internet TV, over-the-top content, as well as on-demand streaming

media, and less focus on traditional broadcast media like previous generations of
televisionsets and set-top boxes always have had.The technology that enables Smart TVs is
not onlyincorporated into television sets, but also devices such as set-top boxes, Blu-ray
players, gameconsoles, and other companion devices. These devices allow viewers to search
and find videos,movies, photos and other content on the web, on a local cable TV channel, on
a satellite TVchannel, or stored on a local hard drive.
GPS
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellitesystem
(GNSS) that provides location and time information in all weather, anywhere on or near the
Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. It
ismaintained by the United States government and is freely accessible by anyone with a
GPSreceiver. The GPS project was developed in 1973 to overcome the limitations of
previousnavigation systems, integrating ideas from several predecessors, including a number
of classifiedengineering design studies from the 1960s. GPS was created and realized by the
U.S.Department of Defense (USDOD) and was originally run with 24 satellites. It became
fullyoperational in 1994.

6.0 CONCLUSION
Open Source can be used by anyone and because it has no copyright claims, so users are free
touse, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified
forms.Pervasive Computing is to make our lives easier because we can interact with
computers.Besides that, we can easily give the computer commands and the computer will
grant your wish.
7.0 REFERENCE
http://www.scribd.com/doc/17405383/The-Latest-Open-Source-Software-Available-and-theLatest-Development-in-ICT
http://kerjakursusict2011.blogspot.com/2011/06/kerja-kursus-ict-2011.html
http://www.google.com.my/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi
http://www.google.com.my/search?
q=answer+yahoo&aq=1&oq=ANSWER&sugexp=chrome,m
od=0&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8http://smklangkawi.edu.my/blogict/?p=17

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-source_software
http://mbarhanudin.blogspot.com/2010/07/open-source-operating-system.html
http://www.samsung.com/my/consumer/mobile-devices/smartphone/android-os/SMG920FZKAXME