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Magnus: Utilization of Conductor

Sharing Wellhead Technology To Access
Additional Hydrocarbons With a
Slot-Constrained Platform
S.E. Hicks, A. Moore, and M. Honey, SPE, BP Exploration; I.R. Farmer, Schlumberger;
B. Smart, SPE, and R. Ekseth, SPE, Gyrodata; and D. Brown, Cameron

Summary
The Magnus platform, UK northern North Sea, has been producing
since 1983 with all 20 original slots now occupied. Additional infill
and extend-reach-drilling (ERD) production targets were identified and a means of access was required while maintaining base
field production. Platform modification was selected because of
significant commercial advantage over alternative developments.
The Magnus jacket was modified to permit running of four additional large conductors into which two smaller casings could be
installed respectively.
A tapered jacket profile necessitated preinstalled conductor
guide frames to build to 4° inclination at seabed, requiring initial
use of the large conductor as a conduit for drilling assemblies.
Custom-manufactured and specialist equipment was designed and
procured to enable successful underreaming to 54 in. and installation of 46-in. conductor. Drilling-assembly design and initial pilothole profile were deemed critical to subsequent success in running
rigid open-ended 46-in. conductor. Well-critical structural cement
was pumped to seabed by use of a 16-in. inflatable packer and inner
string. Unguided installation of two 185/8-in. casing strings inside
46-in. conductor was then achieved. The 185/8-in. casing strings
were cemented in place using light cement to preserve (shallow)
casing-shoe integrity. High-resolution multishot gyro surveys and
a newly developed “gamma-wipe” survey technique were used to
obtain critical 185/8-in. relative-shoe-orientation information before
subsequent kickoff.
Two wells were batch set successfully to the 133/8-in. casing
shoe by means of one conductor. Modification of existing wellhead technology for close proximity has proved successful. Access
to additional Magnus resources by means of an otherwise full
template has been delivered by this conductor-sharing-wellhead
(CSW) technology.
Introduction
Magnus is the most northerly currently operated field on the UK
Continental Shelf (Fig. 1). Discovered in 1974, Magnus’s first
production was established in 1983. Continual field development
has resulted in more than 90 penetrations including exploration,
appraisal, and development wells.
In 1995, production from a now full well template plateaued
and a program of well-intervention work was commenced to offset
rapid decline of 60% per annum (Day et al. 1998). An enhancedoil-recovery (EOR) program was later adopted, using water-alternating-gas injection to maintain field output. Extensive subsurface
work focused on EOR mechanisms across discrete reservoir panels
and identified multiple new injection and off-take points that would
be required to optimize field production from each respective area

Copyright © 2011 Society of Petroleum Engineers
This paper (SPE 124233) was accepted for presentation at the SPE Offshore Europe Oil and
Gas Conference, Aberdeen, UK, 8–11 September 2009, and revised for publication. Original
manuscript received for review 19 August 2009. Revised manuscript received for review 18
July 2010. Paper peer approved 20 July 2010.

124

(Moulds et al. 2005). By the late 1990s, it became apparent that
sidetrack options from existing wells alone would not permit full
optimization of the Magnus EOR program.
Conventional means of accessing newly required targets, such
as limited multilateral drilling (as wells become available), would
not deliver full EOR potential. Conversely, a subsea satellite development was found to be uncompetitive in early studies, given the
incremental nature of the EOR program. The most commercially
viable solution was found to be modification of the existing Magnus
platform jacket to permit new wells to be drilled from surface.
The complexity and tapered profile of the Magnus platform
jacket prevented the introduction of more than seven new drilling slots. To use newly constructed slots fully, conductors would
effectively have to be “split,” permitting two wells from surface
to be installed per conductor. This paper outlines the major challenges posed by conductor-sharing well design and outlines some
solutions found to aid successful well delivery.
Magnus Extension Project (MEP)
The Magnus platform design, providing an original 20 slots,
incorporates a double-battered, four-legged jacket, suitable to its
location 165 km north of Shetland in 186-m water depth. Critically, because of the remote situation and exposure of the platform,
Magnus has a 57-m air gap, designed with its own drilling derrick
from the outset. As such, the Magnus platform does not feature
a vertical face that jacket designs in shallower water depths may
have. Presence of such a vertical face or a lesser air gap simplifies
any post-construction jacket modification by permitting additional
conductors to be installed vertically at seabed (Matheson et al.
2008). This benefit was not available to the MEP.
Platform Modification. The optimum location of new Magnus
well slots had been decided in 1990. The MEP was sanctioned
in 2004, and the most suitable location for new well slots was on
the east side of the platform, the same side as the drilling package. Only the east face of the platform allowed new conductors
to be installed without clashes with existing infrastructure. Early
feasibility studies included appraisal of new vertical conductors
external to the platform jacket; however, the necessary overhang
of the drilling derrick was found to lead to excessive structural
loading. Additional conductors installed on the Magnus platform
were, therefore, required to build to 4° inclination from vertical
at seabed.
With the east face selected for the new slot locations, options
of seven 30-in. slots or four 46-in. slots were identified. MEP
financial criteria necessitated provision of eight new wells; hence,
construction work for four new 46-in. “splitter” slots commenced
in 2005.
To enable additional well slots to be drilled through the Magnus
jacket, the modifications described in Table 1 were carried out.
Conductor Guide Frames. Installation of six conductor guide
frames per new well slot was carried out external to the platform
jacket (Fig. 2). These guide frames incorporated an asymmetric
funnel design to guide rigid conductor pipe, incrementally building
March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion

Wellhead Arrangement. full-length conductor required the manufacture of new wellhead equipment based on existing designs. and an injector/producer pair) to verify that any movement of the wellhead would not interfere with platform infrastructure (Fig. This would. A technically simple method of achieving this requirement would be the manufacture of four custom-made compact housings. minimizing platform deck requirement (Santos and Floch 2006). compounded with restricted height availability. asymmetrically funneled guides were external to the jacket and built vertical deviation to approximately 4° at seabed. new perimeter escape route was required Control and safety system upgrade Drilling rig upgrade March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion Systems modified to include the additional wells and flow lines To facilitate drilling from the new well slots and provide access to new ERD targets 125 . The key challenge in this respect was found to be the close proximity of adjacent wells when drilling. 1999).5 m to the east. conductor. To overcome this problem. made conductor squat and growth analysis critical. The installation of large starter head equipment close to the conductor deck of the platform. 5). conductors. Fig. The mean 46-in. This system was specified to material class DD/HH. two injectors.8-m vertical allowance above conductor cut height. A study was commissioned to encompass all scenarios of well pairing (e. Existing 36-in. Such a well design necessitated that 185/8-in.5-m-long deck space. Dharaphop et al. 2008). and up to three wells have been installed in a single conductor (Matheson et al. CSW Design The CSW concept has been proved elsewhere (Hashim et al. main cantilever primary steelwork was strengthened to permit safe transfer of new loads whilst skidded over new slots Rerouting of existing pipe work Pipe work on the eastern side of the platform was rerouted to permit new conductors to be run adjacent to the well bay. These three variants of compact wellhead housing will permit installation of eight adjacent wells by means of four 46-in. conductor center-to-center distance at surface was 2. Five of these preinstalled guide frames were installed subsea. adapter equipment was scaled up to 46 in. liner in the case of problematic drilling of cuttings-reinjection domains. and was fire safe in accordance with API 6FA/6FB as per Magnus reservoir requirements. 2—Location of new conductor guide frames on the east face of the Magnus platform jacket. arrangement of individual wellheads within the well bay had to be optimized to permit installation of all eight planned trees within a 10. two producers. 6).Fig. 1—Magnus field location within the northern North Sea. a 3D model of the well-bay space and wellheads was created and final compact-housing wellhead requirement was refined to three unique designs (Fig. The 46-in. Conductor Installation The unique challenge of the MEP CSW application stems from the 4° deviation from vertical imparted by the 46-in. vertical deviation to 4° at seabed. and a complete conductor-sharing system was manufactured that permits dual 185/8-in. 4). However. requiring development of an API recognized D-shaped flange permitting riser installation on adjacent slot-sharing wells. providing unique side-outlet-valve and tree orientations for each well. conductors. use of 46-in. 10K wellhead equipment could be used provided that adapter equipment could be modified for 46-in. Magnus field well design retains the option of a 16-in.. Standard 133/8in. (or larger) conductor conduits be run inside the main 46-in.g. 1998. thereby accessing the new slots Strengthening and extension of platform steelwork Impact deck level above wellhead deck required extension over new slots.36 m. conductor at TABLE 1—MEP PLATFORM MODIFICATIONS AND RATIONALE Modification Installation of six conductor guide frames per conductor Rationale Needed to support and guide the curvature of new well conductors to seabed Extension of the drilling derrick skid beams To allow the drilling derrick to skid an additional 8. and product specification level 3 plus gas test. have been prohibitively costly and would have incurred risk during wellhead installation unless unique back-up equipment was also procured for each well. Recent developments in wellhead design have led to reductions in required stack-up height. and one was installed above sea level (Fig. While the wellhead and tree equipment were manufactured to satisfy a 5. 3). temperature class U (0–250°F).. installation from surface (Fig. however.

2005) into which subsequent 185/8-in.-conductor section before spud. The BOP deck weight-spreader frame was designed to incorporate 46-in. an initial section of 46-in. This large hole size required manufacture of new underreaming arms that could be used on an existing tool.) March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion . 3—MEP conductor guide frames installed external to the platform jacket. Anchaboh et al. 8). hole size was selected. conductor joint weighs 11 tonnes. A 46-in. conduit strings were run unguided into an open-ended 46-in. conductor. 5—CSW alignment simulation illustrating relative orientations of wellhead housings at the A. and the 42-in. hole was in turn underreamed to 54 in. This pilot hole was opened to 42 in. conductor was run open ended to seabed to act as a drilling assembly conduit before spud. elevators could not be operated easily in the rig floor space available. affording a clear rotary table for subsequent top-hole drilling. holeopening and 54-in. and C annuli outletvalve levels. 7). B. elevators were procured that could be used in conjunction with conductor end caps that incorporated a lifting shoulder (Fig. 2001. 1998. and promote build-over-drop tendency for conductor running. (Use of 42-in. starter head × dual 135/8-in. underreaming tools required the removal of the rotary-table adapter rings that would have complicated operation of a false rotary table. pilot hole was first drilled by use of a motor to maintain inclination ‘A’-annulus outlets ‘B’-annulus outlets ‘C’-annulus outlets Fig. Use of a custom-manufactured weight-spreader frame to effectively strengthen the blowout-preventer (BOP) deck directly beneath the rotary table in the drilling derrick permitted the suspension of the initial 46-in. five more guide-frame structures were installed external to the tapered jacket subsea. remotely operated autoslips (Fig. An internal lifting tool was used to raise and lower the 46-in. Dual 185/8-in. strings could be run. 4—Complete 46-in. These drilling assemblies needed to be guided to seabed through the conductor guide frames. A 26-in. and conventional 46-in. 54-in. Custom-manufactured 46-in. 10K CSW stack-up illustration. conductor.Fig. To aid running of 46-in. by use of a hole opener and bullnose assembly. landing rings. 7 m above LAT. Use of an inclined open-ended conductor in turn obviated simple use of internal conductor guides. Tuah et al. Conductor Handling. seabed. at the BOP deck. or stab-in plates (Hashim et al. 2000. 126 Fig. conductor string vertically to the BOP deck. Faget et al. To this end. note staggered outlet-valve orientations by level to permit access to and operation of all valves.

elevators to aid conductor running. Suspension of the shoe inside an open-ended 46-in. cementing/running tool acted as a triple bushing by which the conductor could be sealed at surface and a passing packer could be monitored. The 42-in. retro-fit conductor shoe was designed and manufactured (Fig.-conductor running success in the event of tortuous top hole. This 16-in. 6—The 46-in.Fig. A custom-manufactured 46-in. and the complete assembly could be run and retrieved on drillpipe. Open-Ended Conductor Running. conductor end caps that incorporated a 1½-in.-Conductor Cementing. remotely operated autoslips used in conjunction with a custom-manufactured weight-spreading frame allowed the entire weight of the 46-in. While drillstring design was carried out to minimize top-hole tortuosity and maintain a hold-to-build profile out of the final conductor guide frames. retro-fit conductor-shoe representation. CSW installed. Fig.and B-annulus side outlet valves). 9—42-in. retro-fit shoe was not deployed on the first MEP well because of a surveyed pilot-hole profile of dogleg severity less than 1°/30 m. inflatable packer set below sea level. Historical attempts to run stiff 46-in. it was designed to maximize chances of 46-in. simplifying initial drilling operations. To Fig. shear-out sub. packer prevented backflow of large volumes of cement by removing the compressible air column within the conductor volume. conductor joint would be achieved by means of a 133/8-in. given the quality of 54-in. inflatable packer made up to a 133/8-in. Use of a control-line-operated Fig. The seabed at the Magnus platform location is too hard to permit driving of the conductors. lifting shoulder permitted use of custom-manufactured 46-in. conductor to be supported from the BOP deck beneath the drilling-rig floor. March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion 46-in. 9). picture shows intermediate housing lowermost (complete with C-annulus side outlet valves) and dual compact housings uppermost (complete with A. hole drilled. 8—46-in. This shoe would be run if dogleg severity was surveyed to exceed 1°/30 m at any point in the initial pilot hole. Cementation of the first MEP 46-in. note close proximity of conductor deck steel. 127 . this end a 42-in. while this contingency conductor shoe was not required to be run. conductor was achieved by means of an inner string with a 16-in. a contingency was required in the event of undesirable doglegs being introduced by means of the initial pilot hole. 7—Use of 46-in. conductor through moderate (>1°/30 m) doglegs have proved to be problematic.

50-SG cement slurry was used for the whole cement job to permit a cement column back to surface without fracturing the conductor shoe.5 ppf K55 Hydril 521: 390 m (390 m) NWMP: 385 m (385 m) Upper Nordland: 712 m (707 m) Lower Nordland: 958 m (937 m) Hordland: 1017 m (989 m) 13 3/8? 72 ppf L80 Dino Vam: 1150 m (1100 m) 36 deg inc / 220 deg azi NWMP: 1131 m (1100 m) 21deg inc / 59 deg azi Fig. therefore. The 185/8-in. New ERD injection and production targets could be accessed to the north and south of the platform without the introduction of excessive tortuosity. Well target and slot allocation was. strings inside the 46-in.conduit strings needed to be cemented uncentralized (to reduce running risk) and by means of a 57-m air gap with a low formationfracture strength. conductor. Extensive Magnus offset drilling has resulted in a well-constrained fracture gradient of 1.-conductor shoe only. string hanging up on hole fill. Comprehensive anticollision schedules and survey programs were required at each stage of top-hole. Planned MEP wells then adopted shallow S-shaped profiles to attain target step-out and drop to 45° inclination through the reservoir.g. Unguided Conductor Conduits. however. All well and tree loads were transferred to the 46-in. Maximum annular coverage was therefore deemed critical. To reduce drilling complexity. into which both 185/8-in. the constant southeastward heading initiated by the conductor guide frames was maintained to the conductor setting depth.-conduit string was then run to 10 m outside the 46-in. Dual Unguided 185/8-in. conductor. conductor. Given the likely length of metal-on-metal contact inside the 46-in. 10). Placement of 185/8-in. conducted in such a way that non-ERD wells could turn back beneath the platform from their initial eastward heading (e.-shoe depth. a minimum of 8 m off hole bottom to negate any chance of the first 185/8-in.-casing strings cemented back inside conductor-sharing 185/8-in. a single 42-in. and 1. leading to buckling and ensuing occupation of greater space inside the 46-in. A 46-in. New-Well Trajectories. To reduce the tendency of the second unguided 185/8-in. 11). The initial conduit string was run to protrude 5 m outside the 46-in. conduit strings. to satisfy infill requirements). vertically staggered to aid subsequent kickoff from each well. conductor at seabed was. given the close proximity to what may be a completed well (Fig. Subsequent hole sections were drilled using a diverter. therefore.10 46?× 1? WT X52/X56 XLC-S-RB: 380 m (380 m) 3 deg inc / 137 deg azi 18 5/8? 87. cleanout run was carried out through the 46-in. Given the rigidity of the 1-in. The slight vertical deviation necessarily imparted by the 46-in.-Conduit Cementing. held constant in planned tangents to the 46-in. 10). To this end. semiflush connections were used on non-centralized pipe.E8: PMEP1 E7: NWMP Depth reference datum: rotary table (RT).-conductor-shoe depth with an eccentric shoe to aid running against the initial conduit.-conduit string. conductor shoe. All depths MDBRT (TVDBRT) Wellhead: 27 m MDBRT MSL: 57 m 18 5/8? TOC: 77 m (77 m) Mud line: 243 m 46? TOC: Mud line 133/8? TOC: 340 m (340 m) Fig. be critical.26 SG at the conductor-shoe depth of 380 m measured depth below rotary table (MDBRT).-conductor shoe.. dual 185/8-in. The first MEP 185/8-in. running operations to maintain the capability to wash and rotate casing at any stage in the operation. provided that the well heading is aligned similarly. so a 60-psi 128 pressure seal was required between touching 185/8-in. Conductor-Sharing Well Planning The 4° inclination at seabed was imposed by structural constraints of the upper jacket but is desirable for ERD wells. conductor. string.-conduit string to hang up on the initial 185/8-in. A stab-in circulating casing-running tool was also used throughout dual 185/8-in. conductor was suspended by the blocks to mitigate the risk of becoming locked in the slips as the cement set. conductor (Fig. the cementing-fluid velocity profiles and resulting cement sheath about the unguided conduits were likely to be poor. March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion .and intermediate-hole-section drilling to maintain safe separation from both existing and planned MEP wells.-conduit pair was cemented successfully in this fashion using a stab-in/latch-in cement stinger by means of the deepest (E8) 185/8-in.-conduit strings could be run.-casing shoes deeper by means of continued drilling was not required by the Magnus casing design (Fig. Both 185/8-in. wall thickness of the 46-in. 10—CSW well-design illustration showing batch-set 133/8-in. inflatable packer also afforded the capability to maintain inflatable-element pressure if a leaking packer was observed. conduits were planned to protrude 5 and 10 m from the 46-in. Maintaining lateral deviation from adjacent wells at surface would.-conduit cement did not carry structural loads. The second 185/8-in.

boundary conditions were placed around both existing and planned wells. 2007) between the two sets of survey data was compared against an ellipse of uncertainty. If all parameters fell within the 2 standard-deviation boundary. A typical traveling-cylinder (anticollision) plot illustrating the close proximity of offset wells at 600-m MDBRT is presented in Fig. A chi-squared analysis was then carried out to establish the level of confidence in the comparison between the data sets. 14).) casing strings was adopted (Fig. their planned closing (e. Gamma-Wipe Survey Technique. Slot One (E07). Multiple survey stations were acquired at each depth to analyze repeatability of data in real time. however. conductor. Comparisons of the coordinate differences at these points were then tested against error parameters. Subsurface safety valves are not recognized as valid pressure-containment barriers. safety. While the gamma-wipe technique was planned to provide relative 185/8-in. Planned well profiles were optimized as far as possible to satisfy operator anticollision criteria. March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion The two unguided 185/8-in.-casing strings were expected to be touching at the 46-in. the two 185/8-in. provided the appropriate wells have been shut in and gas inventory has been evacuated. Well-Path Comparison. 12. strings led to the conventional ellipses of uncertainty for respective gyro runs not providing unique well paths for individual conduits (Fig. Close proximity of adjacent unguided 185/8-in. batch setting of subsequent (typically 133/8-in. with lesser separation permitted above deepened subsurface safety valves. casing.-string orientation information before well allocation and drill out.. 13. 10). A chi-squared test was run. Green dots represent conductor locations at surface (46-in. Results from the chi-squared test were again favorable. 15). Installation of two unguided casing strings inside a 46-in. when drilling nearby) does reduce the severity of consequences in the event of a collision above the closed subsurface safety valve. strings were touching) and maximum 129 . A). conduits on either side).33 m from planned tolerance lines of adjacent MEP slots. conductor and internal unguided 185/8-in.-conductor shoe and to be only 1. casings was predicted to be capable of distinguishing the two well paths in space. Slot Two (E08). landing plate that was mounted atop the 46-in. conductor in center and 185/8-in. This method would ensure that the data were performing within the ellipse boundaries throughout the whole run and not only at total depth. To achieve this. mandrel hangers were run and landed (Fig. complicating well target allocation to 185/8-in.g. At surface. the position of both 185/8-in. two. and three standard deviations. a tolerable collision risk-assessment exercise can be conducted and executable separation factors can be derived to permit drilling of close top holes. conduits were assigned well paths. a coordinate-difference test (Ekseth et al.Fig.-casing strings was fixed because of a 46-in. set at three standard deviations from center to center of the 185/8-in. strings becoming twisted could not be eliminated. two gyro-survey runs were carried out in each casing string with a high-resolution survey interval of 3 m on the in run and 12 m on the out run. High-accuracy centralization was achieved through use of precision roller equipment above and below survey tools. Confidence levels above three standard deviations between two surveys in the same slot would mean that repeatability had not been achieved because of gross errors.-conductor slots. In this way. A focused gamma ray logging-while-drilling (LWD) tool was run to the shoe of the first 185/8-in.-casing strings. A collision above a closed and tested subsurface safety valve would have no environmental impact or health. close proximity of conductor-sharing wells down to 600-m MDBRT would have necessitated the shutting in of an active well when drilling the adjacent conductor-sharing slot. Two complete sets of running gear and downhole electronics were mobilized to minimize the risk of gross errors being repeated between surveys in the same slot. analysis could proceed with confidence. Rotating the LWD tool on drillpipe by increments of approximately 30° provided azimuthally dependent gamma-ray signal strength. 13). starter head. The separation between the two surveyed well paths was plotted against the known minimum (centerto-center distance if 185/8-in. To overcome this issue. Results from the comparison were close to the one-standard deviation limit. The same process was repeated for the data in Slot E08.-casing string (Fig. providing relative orientation of adjacent casings. This unusually tight well spacing required the use of some novel surveying techniques. Similarly. Into this landing plate. and environment implications. 11—Example plan view showing CSW profiles in the vicinity of the 46-in. strings at total depth (touching each other). A newly developed gammawipe technique used a directional gamma tool and wireline conveyed gamma ray source to confirm the relative orientation of adjacent 185/8-in. The two high-resolution surveys (run in at 3-m intervals) in Slot E07 were compared at 15 different points. Simulation work predicted that the second unguided string would not have sufficient weight to nudge the first string out of position on the low side of the 46-in. Batch Setting Strategy. slots at surface (Fig. use of high-density multishot gyro surveys in both 185/8-in. conductor would lead to unknown relative positioning of respective 185/8-in. for planning purposes. strings. while two centralized gamma sources were lowered on wireline into the adjacent 185/8in. and a definitive survey was created. 16). Survey Method. Uncertainty terms in the band between two and three standard deviations would mean that we could proceed with caution. Run data were again combined. conductors. which is sufficient to allow safe exit of future MEP wells from remaining 46-in. The first step in the analysis procedure was to verify that there were no misalignments or gross errors between surveys in the same slot. Gyro-Survey-Data Analyses. In this way. both 46-in. however. The 185/8-in.-casing string (Fig. A peak reading in gamma counts above background indicated when the sensor package was directed toward the center of the adjacent 185/8-in. The probability of the 185/8-in. Comparison of the two definitive well paths could then be carried out. High-Density Gyro Surveys. To mitigate this risk and simplify operations. downhole and annular safety valves have been deepened to approximately 650-m MDBRT. allowing combination of data from both runs to create a definitive survey. and test limits were set at one.

130 March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion . Separation between the surveys from each casing string was then plotted against the known physical boundaries (Fig. and trends were analyzed. 13—Illustration of unknown 185/8-in. 12—Typical traveling-cylinder. 17. plot illustrating allowable deviations from plan of less than 1 m at 600-m MDBRT. Change in relative orientation of one string to another was then plotted. (a) Image illustrating overlapping EOU’s (b) Planned exit from 18 5/8? It was expected that the most likely outcome would be that the casing strings would be touching for the majority of the section and hence the actual center-to-center distance would be close to the minimum separation. Little change in relative orientation of (c) Image of twisted 18 5/8? (d) Possible collision if 18 5/8? relative orientation unknown EOU’s Twisted 18 1 5/8 ? Fig. conductor). 17).Fig. conventional gyro-survey accuracies would lead to significantly overlapping ellipses of uncertainty (EOUs) (A) preventing derivation of two distinct paths. as illustrated in Fig. This was generally found to be the case. Incorrect allocation of well target in the event of an unknown twist (C) could lead to a collision (D). conductor when installed unguided. (center-to-center distance if casing strings were sitting against opposite sides of the 46-in.-conduit paths inside 46-in. or anticollision.

. landing plate and 18¾-in. Reducing the survey program to one more rapid run per conduit string is. considered desirable. F. conduits inside 46-in. To this end. conductor by gyro surveys alone proved to be successful. provided that new cementing and surveying methods are developed.8 Min 1s Metres Max 1s Min 2s . 17—Plot showing variation in gyro-surveyed center-tocenter separation between 185/8-in. conduits.W.. The difference in orientation derived from the in-run data processed at 3-m intervals. Extensive gyro work carried out on the first MEP well pair occupied 24 hours of rig time. Use of unguided conduits has been demonstrated to be feasible.65 and 45. Day.A. Use of the higher-resolution 3-m-spaced data suggested maximum offset of the second conduit string to be rotated 29.2118/68699-MS. T. and Tan. The nonstandard operation incorporated use of multiple items of custom-manufactured equipment and required use of novel cementing and surveying techniques. conductor deviated from vertical. Attempts to fully describe the two 185/8-in. 16—46-in.-conduit paths inside the 46-in.65° counterclockwise about the first conduit string at total depth (Fig. Fig.. and Martins. while the gamma-wipe run occupied approximately 4 hours.4 Max 3s Min physical Max physical . the peak gamma response corresponds to a tool face of 90° right of high side.K. suggest that reduced survey resolution could be afforded in the future and a second tool may be run in memory mode. doi: 10. strings is 23 in. the conduit strings was surveyed. March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion Fig. Redevelopment and Management of the Magnus Field for Post-Plateau Production. center-to-center separation of conductor-sharing 185/8-in. R. 17–19 April. and Energy North Sea Limited for permission to print this paper. L. 14—Gamma-wipe relative-survey-technique summary. Acknowledgments The authors thank BP EOC and partners Nippon Oil Exploration & Production UK Limited. Gyro-survey findings did. References Anchaboh. C. and relative-orientation information derived from definitive 185/8-in. given the benefit of establishing accurate bottomhole locations. then the gyro could be used to determine where this occurred and how it affected the casing strings. 18).93°. estimated to take less than 4 hours. P. Thanks are also conveyed to all team members of the MEP for helping to deliver the first slot-sharing well pair ahead of schedule despite inherent challenges. starter head with dual 185/8-in. van Beelen. future MEP programs will not incorporate the gamma-wipe technique but will rely on an optimized gyro-survey program. mandrel hanger installed. 15—Image illustrating a typical response from a directional gamma LWD tool: Gamma ray signature is shown in the righthand track and gravity tool face in the left-hand track. conductor with depth. in-run data processed at 12-m intervals. No change to well-slot allocation was required because no twisting of unguided conduits was found to have occurred. S. which in turn led to the installation of open-ended conductor and running of dual unguided 185/8-in. de Lange. ENI UK Limited. Conductor Sharing Wellheads—More For Less. 131 . Conclusion MEP conductor installation necessitated the use of 46-in. and out-run data processed at 12-m intervals was between 29. Paper SPE 68699 presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition. however. Griffin. 2001. Jakarta.6 Max 2s Min 3s . Data quality has shown that if any twisting had occurred.J.2 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Measured Depth Fig.P. center-to-center separation when touching are included. gyro surveys corroborated previous gamma-wipe results. Paper SPE 49130 Centre-Centre Distance Distance . therefore. rotate for peak gamma signal 18-5/8″ conduit 2: run in hole with gamma source on slick-line to depth D Fig. 1998. In this example.Gravity Toolface (GT F_RT) − 190 (DEG) 190 46” 46 ″ CutAway 0 Ray Gamma Ray (GR_RAB_RT) (GAP 1) 300 18-5/8″ conduit 1: run in hole with directional gamma LWD tool to depth D.. physical limits of conductor inside diameter and minimum 185/8-in..

12–14 October. 9–12 October. Australia. 9–11 March. March 2011 SPE Drilling & Completion . UK. A.. Norway. He joined Gyrodata in 1998 and moved to the technical group in 2007 following five years as a survey engineer and four years as an account manager in the operations department. Torkildsen. P..2118/52876-MS. Duncan. UK on operations including multilaterals. and Nam. He is an SPE member.. 18—Plot showing variation in relative orientation of gyrosurveyed 185/8-in. Denver. Ekseth.A. and high performance platform drilling. doi: 10. and McAuley. T.C. Monneyron. well paths with depth. 2008. Max 2s -90 Min 3s Max 3s -180 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Measured Depth Fig. He is now planning deepwater exploration wells offshore Libya. J. Honey is an SPE member. M. UK and a further research Master’s degree in marine geophysics at the National Oceanography Center. latterly as wells team leader for the Magnus platform. Africa. Short. doi: 10. 1999. Rujhan. Brown worked for seven years at Wood Group and ten years at Vetco. His current role is research and development manager for one of BP’s flagship technology projects. UK. Triple Wellhead Technology in Sarawak Operations. presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. Denmark.. Perth. L.S. 27–30 September. He has enjoyed a variety of European and international assignments including deepwater projects..2118/96154-MS. Haron. Magnus Field: Reservoir Management in a Mature Field combining Waterflood.A. A. J. Australia. He joined BP in 1998 and has worked mainly in the North Sea.. 21–24 September. UK as well as mature platform and new field developments in Denmark. A. Paper SPE 50082 presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition. Nyrnes. K. A. 1998.2118/96292-MS. He joined BP in 2004 having completed a physics Master’s degree at Imperial College. Paper SPE 52876 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference. and subsea wells. He has research interest in directional surveying. Trondheim.. workovers. and conductorsharing wells. UK. Boyne. Aberdeen. H. High-Integrity Wellbore Surveys: Methods for Eliminating Gross Errors. L. Hicks has planned and overseen numerous drilling programs across the North Sea UK.. and Kovalenko.E. Dave Brown is the surface products account manager at Cameron. Amsterdam.540* E–00 = cm psi × 6.. Moore worked as senior drilling engineer for Magnus. UK in a variety of engineering and operational roles both onshore and offshore. Tayler. New Orleans. Conductor Sharing – A Viable Alternative to Multilaterals and Slot Recoveries. 2006.. and Floch.2118/49130-MS. UK. and Cherng. Paper SPE 101736 presented at the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference. Payer. doi: 10. Matheson. Abu Dhabi. doi: 10. Haseldonckx.. 2005. Dharaphop. K. 6–9 September. planning subsea. 5–8 November. Honey has over 25 years’ experience in the drilling and completions business and has a BS degree from Birmingham University. B. 2005. Faget. Weston. Before his move to Cameron.2118/50082-MS. Ekseth holds an MS in geodesy and a PhD in directional surveying. and Thouvenin. Santos. J. UK and west of Shetland.. J. working for BP Exploration Libya. He has more than 25 years’ experience as a design engineer and technical manager with surface wellhead systems.. and Carruthers.894 745 E–00 = kPa Min 2s *Conversion factor is exact. 16–18 October.. UK. doi: 10.H. T. V. Chaisangkha. E. He joined Schlumberger Wireline Services in 1995 after graduating from Heriot-Watt University.B.2118/64277-MS. Libya. C. central North Sea subsea tiebacks. J. Pauzi.. He is an SPE member. Implementation of “Twin Well” Technology Offshore Sarawak. and Caspian region. A.. Barry Smart is the Gyrodata technical services coordinator for the Europe. EOR and New Area Developments. T..P. Runggai. Moulds..2118/115698-MS. B. M.2118/101736-MS.. UK with a BE in mechanical and offshore engineering. D. Brooks. Paper SPE 115698 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. She joined BP in 2000 with a BS degree from the Open University. × 2. doi: 10. both completed at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. R. Bourgeois.Z. R. Farmer is a wellbore surveying and well positioning subject matter expert within Schlumberger’s technical community. Roger Ekseth is a development manager at Gyrodata Inc. including subsea appraisal wells west of Shetland. J. Paper SPE 64277 presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition.2118/105558-MS. Paper SPE 105558 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference.. Amsterdam. R... Mat.. Mark Honey is a technology research and development manager for BP based in Sunbury-on-Thames. Hashim.. 2000.Centre-Centre Direction Direction 90 Min 1s Degrees Max 1s 0 SI Metric Conversion Factors ft × 3. E.. west of Shetland. Smart’s current role within the Gyrodata technical group involves analysis of survey data and the testing and implementation of new developments. 5K Dual Splitter Wellhead System: 1st Middle East Deployment on an Offshore Oilfield. J... She worked offshore for several years in the southern North Sea. W.N. She is currently leading a team that manages supplier performance for UK well operations. Edinburgh. N.. now based in Tripoli. Combining Simultaneous Production and Drilling on Adjacent Wells Within the Same Conductor.B. P. Trussell. extended-reach. 20–22 February. Angela Moore is a senior drilling engineer with BP Exploration in Aberdeen. UK. Dallas. and Low.. Wilson. F. Ian Farmer is a drilling engineer at Schlumberger Drilling and Measurement currently located in Copenhagen. doi: 10. 10K Dual Splitter Wellheads: First Worldwide Application on the Development of an Offshore Gas Field..F. Development and Installation of a Triple Wellhead on the Britannia Platform. Kruit. Khalid. N. doi: 10. Paper SPE 96154 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. Brisbane. He has worked for Cameron for eight years in a range of technical and managerial roles. doi: 10.048* E–01 = m in. Tuah. Nash. Borisutsawat. UAE.. 132 Simon Hicks is a BP drilling engineer. 2007. S. Paper SPE 96292 presented at Offshore Europe. S.