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Wave Interference - Short Questions With Answer | Physics Class 12

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Wave Interference – Short Questions With Answer | Physics Class 12
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Wave Interference – Short Questions With Answer
Class: 12
1. Can two independent sources of light produce interference?
Ans. Two independent sources cannot be coherent because: Light is emitted by individual atoms and not
by the bulk of matter acting as a whole. Even a tiniest source consists of millions of atoms, and emission
of light by them takes place independently. Even an atom emits an unbroken wave of above 10-8 second
due to its transition from a higher energy state to a lower state.

AS a result of above factors, the phase difference between two independent light sources changes after
very 10-8 second. So, the position of maxima and minima of intensity will change about 10-8 times in

12/26/2015 3:05 AM

from two coherent sources. All bright bands are of uniform intensity. Such rapid changes cannot be seen by our eyes and almost a uniform illumination on the screen is observed. The difference between interference and diffraction are as follows: Diffraction It is the phenomenon of interaction of light Interference It is the phenomenon of interaction of light coming from different parts of the same wave coming from two different wave fronts originating front. Diffraction fringes are not of the same width. All bright bands are not of the same intensity. Points of minimum intensity are not perfectly Points of minimum intensity are perfectly dark. Ans. if d is very small. one second. This is so because in interference. So.Why have the two sources of light to be close to each other for the production of good interference pattern? Ans. Distinguish between interference and diffraction. the fringe width (β) is inversely proportional to the distance (d) between coherent sources. two independent light sources cannot produce a sustained interference pattern. dark. Hence.Wave Interference . Ads by Google Ads by Google ► Physics Notes ► Class 10 ► Questions and Answers Ads by Google ► Cbse Class X ► Physics Answers ► Physics Class ► Physics of Light ► Particle Physics ► Amplitude of a Sound Wave 2.. 3.. Interference fringes may or may not be of the same width. 12/26/2015 3:05 AM . The two source of light should be close to each other for the production of good interference.Short Questions With Answer | Physics Class 12 2 of 11 http://www.com/hseb-notes/wave-interference-short-question. We can distinguish one fringe of inference pattern from its other fringe.merospark.

e. D and d are the wavelength of light. i.com/hseb-notes/wave-interference-short-question. the path difference between two interfering waves should be an odd half-integral multiple of wavelength λ.e. x=nλ where n= 0. according to the question.1. Where λ.2. 5. In constructive interference. What should be the path difference between two interfering waves for constructive interference and destructive interference? Ans. how is the fringe width altered if the separation between the slits is doubled and the distance between the slits and the screen is halved? Ans. the path difference between two interfering waves should be integral multiple of wavelength λ. Now. i.…………… Start Download 1) Click to Begin 2) Download App 3) Get 100s of Free Books & Readers 12/26/2015 3:05 AM .e phase difference remains constant with time). In Young’s double slit experiment.Wave Interference .merospark. Since two independent sources can never be coherent so coherent sources are obtained from a source by division of wave front or division of amplitude techniques.1.3. distance of the screen from the slits and the separation between the slits respectively. the fringe width decreases to of its value. The fringe width is given by the relation β = λD/d. What do you understand by coherent source? Ans. Coherent source are sources which emit waves of the same frequency and possess a constant phase difference (i.. in destructive interference. d1 =2d and D1 =D/2 Therefore B1 =λD1/d1 = (λ/2 × 2d) × (β/4) = ( 1/ 4) Hence.2.……………… Similarly.. 4. x= (2n + λ1/2) where n=0. 5.Short Questions With Answer | Physics Class 12 3 of 11 http://www.

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