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FOUNDATION IN SCIENCE

DECEMBER 2009 FINAL EXAMINATION


SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS 1
SUBJECT CODE: MA011
TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS
(2.00 PM 5.00 PM)
DATE: DECEMBER 16, 2009
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:
1.

Answer ALL questions in SECTION A.

2.

Answer ANY THREE (3) questions out of FOUR (4) questions in


SECTION B.

SECTION A
Answer ALL questions
Question 1
a)

Perform the indicated operations and simplify.

2 3 3( x 2 2) 2( x 2 5)
marks)
( x -1)(2 x +5)

i)
ii)
b)

(2
(2 marks)

Simplify and express your answer in terms of positive exponents.


(2 x 2 y 3 ) 2
x2

i)

(2 marks)

ii) ( 4 x ) 2

iii)

5
3

(2 marks)

3
5

a b

7
3

(2 marks)

(Total: 10 marks)
Question 2
Using the matrices given,
2
A
3

1
3

6
B
2

5
3

2
C
3

1
3

0
O
0

0
0

compute the following:


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

-B
O (A + B)

(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)

( B C )T

AB

(Total: 10 marks)

Question 3
a)

Indicate the domain for the following functions:


i)
ii)
iii)

b)

x 2 3x
6
x2
f ( x) 2
x 16
1
f ( x)
2x 3
f ( x)

(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)

If f ( x) x 2 and g ( x) x 2 x find the following.


i)

1
( f g )( )
2

(2 marks)

ii)

f
1
( )
g
2

(2 marks)
(Total: 10 marks)

Question 4
a)

b)

Solve the following inequalities and give your answer in interval notation.
i)

x2

ii)

(2 marks)

xx

2
x6
3

(2 marks)

Factorize the following expressions completely.


i)
ii)
iii)

3k 2 x 2 9k 3 x
x2 x 6

(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)

3s 2 (3s 9 s 2 ) 2

(Total: 10 marks)

SECTION B
Answer ANY THREE (3) out of FOUR (4) questions
Question 5
a)

Simplify the following and express your answer with no radical in the
denominator.
i)

ii)
b)

7a 2 b 5

2 a 1b 8
6x 2 y 4
3

(3 marks)

2x3 y 2

(3 marks)

xy 2

Write in simpler logarithms


i)

ln

ii)

ln 3

x
( in terms of ln x, ln z and ln w).
zw

x 5 ( x 2) 8
(in terms of ln x, ln (x-2) and ln (x-3))
x3

(2 marks)
(3 marks)

c)

The projected population P of a city is given by P 100000e 0.05t ,


where t is the number of years after 1990. Predict the population for the year
2010.
(3 marks)

d)

Find an equation of a straight line satisfying the given condition. Give your
answer in the slope intercept form if possible.
i)

Passing through (-3, 2) and parallel to y = 4x -5.

(3 marks)

ii)

Perpendicular to y = - 4 and passing through (1, 1).

(3 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

Question 6

If f ( x) x 2 and g ( x) x 2 x find the following.


gg (x )
i)
marks)
a)

ii)
iii)

(2

( f g )( x)
f
1
( )
g
2

(2 marks)
(2 marks)

b)

Obtain the graph of f 1 ( x ) when f ( x)

c)

Sketch the graph of f ( x)

9
x 32 .
5

(5 marks)

3x 1 ,0 x 2
; and give the domain and range.
,x 2
7x

(9 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)
Question 7
a)

Construct the matrix A= aij if A is 3 x 4 and aij 4i 2 j .

b)

Find the determinant of the following matrix:


1

A= 4
2

c)

5
4

7
8

(4 marks)

Find the inverse of following matrix by method of reduction.


3

A=
6
d)

(3 marks)

2
4

(5 marks)

By using matrix reduction, solve the system


3 x 2 y z 1
2x y z 5

(4 marks)

2 x 3z 4

(Total: 20 marks)
Question 8

a)

Verify each of the following trigonometric identities:


(cos sin ) 2
sec 2 sin
cos

(5 marks)
b)

Solve the trigonometric equation given by


cos 3 sin 1 for 0 360o

c)

(10 marks)

Sketch the graph of y ( x) sin x for x . Indicate its domain and range.
(5 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

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