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NETAPP UNIVERSITY

Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals
Module 1: Data ONTAP Basics
Date: 08Aug2013

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Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals
© 2013 NetApp, Inc. This material is intended only for training. Reproduction is not authorized.

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...............................................................................................................................................................................................2 FEATURES ........................................................ 4 SCENARIO: JAF CORPORATION ...................................... Reproduction is not authorized............................................................................................................................ 7 DATA ONTAP 8...................... 5 ADVANTAGES OF THE DATA ONTAP OPERATING SYSTEM.................................................. 4 NETAPP STORAGE ENVIRONMENT ............................................................. 12 ONCOMMAND UNIFIED MANAGER .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 FEATURES OF ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER .............. 13 SCENARIO: ACCESS THE SUPPORT SITE .......................................................................................... 12 ADDING AND DISCOVERING STORAGE SYSTEMS IN ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER12 ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER: HELP ...................................... 8 DATA ONTAP ARCHITECTURE ........... 4 MODULE OBJECTIVES .............................................. 11 INSTALLING ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER ....................... ..................................................................................................................... 13 LEARNING ACTIVITY INTRODUCTION .............................................TABLE OF CONTENTS MODULE 1: DATA ONTAP BASICS .................................................................................................................... This material is intended only for training............................................................... 10 SCENARIO: ACCESS ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER ..................... 10 ACCESSING STORAGE SYSTEMS ............................................. 14 3 Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp..................................................................................... Inc................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9 DATA ONTAP WRITE PROCESS ............................................. 13 MODULE SUMMARY ............................................... 6 DATA ONTAP FEATURES ...

. Both storage systems run the Data ONTAP operating system. you should be able to: TRANSCRIPT PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT 4  Describe the features and functions of the Data ONTAP 7-Mode operating system  Describe the Data ONTAP architecture and its advantages  Describe the WAFL® (Write Anywhere File Layout) file system and consistency points  Describe how Data ONTAP processes write and read requests from clients and hosts  Access the support site 3 SCENARIO: JAF CORPORATION JAF Corporation has just received a NetApp® FAS6280 system and FAS3270 system. Bob will guide you through the process of becoming more comfortable with Data ONTAP. PAGE# PAGE TITLE 2 MODULE OBJECTIVES By the end of this module. you can manage the storage system while investing a minimal amount of time. This material is intended only for training.MODULE 1 DATA ONTAP BASICS PAGE# 1 PAGE TITLE DATA ONTAP BASICS TRANSCRIPT Welcome to the Data ONTAP® Basics module. Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. Roger introduces you to Bob. This module should take approximately 45 minutes. JAF will use the systems as primary and secondary storage. With Data ONTAP. Roger assures you that a key feature of each NetApp storage system is the Data ONTAP operating system. Reproduction is not authorized. you are concerned about adding to your workload. This module covers the fundamentals of managing and protecting data using the Data ONTAP operating system. the director of IT. an experienced NetApp storage system administrator. Although you are excited about this opportunity. Inc. Roger. Click the PDA to see the first task that Roger has assigned to you. has assigned you the role of lead storage system administrator for these new systems.

Bob says JAF also uses NetApp V-Series storage solutions. Flash Cache is used to optimize the performance of random-read-intensive workloads— such as file services. Because you have not heard of the V-Series before. This material is intended only for training. V-Series open-storage controllers let you manage disk arrays from EMC®. Hewlett-Packard® Company. or 7200 rpm SATA drives.000 rpm. virtual infrastructure.000 rpm SAS drives. The performance needs of most applications that have random workloads—such as email and database applications—can be met with 15. NetApp offers different series of storage systems to suit a broad range of business needs. reducing latency by a factor of 10 or more compared to disk drives. SSDs are best suited for read-intensive application workloads that demand persistently fast read response times. you know it works with disks to optimize workloads. High-capacity SATA drives are the best fit for workloads for which performance requirements are balanced against the need for lower storage costs. Flash Cache can often be combined with SATA drives in place of faster but more expensive SAS drives. FAS3200 series. so you can see how NetApp simplifies storage management for JAF corporation. Because you have heard a little about Flash Cache. This intelligent read cache speeds access to data. Inc. The DS2246 shelf supports only SAS drives. you ask him to explain what it is.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT 4 NETAPP STORAGE ENVIRONMENT Bob gives you a brief overview of NetApp storage environments. and SATA drives. and other storage vendors as easily as you manage NetApp storage. 15. and FAS2200 series. Reproduction is not authorized. including the FAS6200 series. 5 Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. so you ask Bob for more information. messaging.000 rpm or 10. SAS. Click the hyperlinks to learn more.000 rpm SAS drives. Faster response times can translate into higher throughput for random I/O workloads. The DS4243 shelf supports 24 SSDs. and OLTP databases—without using additional high-performance disk drives. IBM®. . The DS2246 supports 24 disks with 10. Hitachi® Data Systems®. NetApp storage systems support three different types of disks:  Solid-state drives (SSDs)  Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)  Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) The DS4343 shelf supports SSD.

the two operating systems are Data ONTAP 7-Mode operating system and Clustered Data ONTAP operating system. JAF Corporation uses 7-Mode. Click the hyperlinks to learn more. Starting with Data ONTAP 8. Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. Bob is confident that Data ONTAP will help make your deployment easier. Data ONTAP also features integrated RAID technology and contains built-in data protection using Snapshot technology. as well as make management and maintenance of your data easier. He tells you that NetApp storage systems run the Data ONTAP operating system. This material is intended only for training. Reproduction is not authorized. Inc. This mode retains the feature set of Data ONTAP 7G releases and includes new capabilities as well.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT 6 5 ADVANTAGES OF THE DATA ONTAP OPERATING SYSTEM Bob is eager to talk about the Data ONTAP operating system. which enables online backups and access to previous versions of data without requiring complete and separate copies. Data ONTAP supports a multiprotocol environment that simplifies data sharing and consolidation for both SAN and NAS environments. .

Reproduction is not authorized. The NetApp technologies shown here can each improve storage efficiency when used alone or greatly improve efficiency when used together. Deduplication Deduplication is the process of improving storage space efficiency by eliminating redundant data objects and referencing just the original object. double-parity. Thin provisioning The technical foundation for thin provisioning with NetApp technology is provided by FlexVol® volumes. you can flexibly oversubscribe disk space. RAID-DP technology protects against disk failure by computing parity information based on the contents of all of the disks in an array. This material is intended only for training. RAID-DP stores all parity information on two disks. FlexVol® volumes FlexVol flexible volumes are volumes that you can expand or shrink. Inc. By combining FlexVol volumes with Data ONTAP thin-provisioning functionality. Click each feature to learn more.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT 7 6 DATA ONTAP FEATURES Bob explains the key features of Data ONTAP software that deliver flexible and efficient management of storage infrastructure. FlexClone technology enables users to quickly create dataset clones that consume almost no additional disk space. Storage efficiency NetApp storage systems use a variety of technologies to provide efficient data storage. Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. MultiStore® software MultiStore software increases the value of shared infrastructure by enabling secure partitioning of storage and network resources. RAID-DP® technology RAID-DP stands for redundant array of independent disks. NetApp also increases storage flexibility by providing secure multi-tenancy for IT Infrastructures with MultiStore software. even if a user creates multiple FlexClone copies. . Snapshot technology Snapshot technology provides online backups and immediate access to previous versions of data. FlexClone® technology FlexClone technology relies heavily on the same principle as Snapshot technology.

data on a disk is compressed and decompressed using standard compression algorithms.1 7-Mode operating system in to an existing 128-bit addressing in a network. so that the aggregate can increase its storage limit to 160 TB. The BranchCache feature is introduced from Server Message Block 2.1 7-Mode operating system.1. .PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT 8 7 DATA ONTAP 8. which gives users in remote offices an experience like that of working on a LAN. Compression With NetApp software. Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. In Data ONTAP 8. Reproduction is not authorized. NetApp storage encryption Storage encryption is an optional feature that you can enable for additional data protection. The BranchCache feature also reduces WAN use. The solid-state-drive tier acts as cache for data and metadata within the aggregate.1 in the Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 operating systems. It is available on certain supported storage controllers and disk shelves that contain disks with built-in encryption functionality. you can upgrade a 32-bit aggregate to a 64-bit aggregate non-disruptively. Administrators can now easily plug the Data ONTAP 8.2 FEATURES Bob was excited about the new version of the Data ONTAP operating system that came with the storage systems and explained the key new features included in the new Data ONTAP 7-Mode operating system. Flash pools introduce a high-speed solid-state-drive tier into a standard aggregate.1 7-Mode operating system. Inc. It can increase the network responsiveness of centralized applications that are accessed from remote offices. IPv6 Data ONTAP 8.1 7-Mode supports IPv6. This material is intended only for training. Non-disruptive upgrading to 64-bit aggregates Starting with the Data ONTAP 8.

Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. which was an operating system and tightly coupled file system. In addition. there continues to be one logical interface for both client and administrative access to the node. This material is intended only for training. Reproduction is not authorized. Although FreeBSD is familiar to Data ONTAP GX users. This diagram shows the software stack that comprises Data ONTAP 7-Mode.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT 9 8 DATA ONTAP ARCHITECTURE After describing the new features of the Data ONTAP operating system. the operating system that NetApp storage systems use. Notice specifically that the NAS and SAN protocols are handled by the Dblade. it acts very much like Data ONTAP 7G. Click the highlighted area to learn more. Bob describes the underlying Data ONTAP architecture. The use of FreeBSD as the operating system for Data ONTAP 7-Mode provides some significant benefits. Although 7-Mode runs in FreeBSD with a new data component called the D-blade (for data blade) and a new management component called the M-host. Inc. it is a departure from the monolithic Data ONTAP 7G. the D-blade services NAS and SAN protocol requests. . In addition to benefits to the Data ONTAP operating system from third-party work taking place within the FreeBSD community. In 7-Mode. the clean separation of the operating system from the file system allows for focused innovation within the file system itself. is comprised of modules. The D-blade manages the storage attached to a node and provides the WAFL file system that is used to map data containers and their associated metadata and attributes to disk blocks. Data ONTAP. These modules pass data to and from the disks for writes and reads. It also provides a UI that is compatible with the Data ONTAP 7G operating system.

Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. your operating system sends the write request to the Data ONTAP operating system. Step 2: The protocol module separates the data and the protocol according to the protocol's rules. the half of NVRAM that contains a backup of write requests that are in the process of being written is locked. The RAID module calculates parity and adds parity information to the data that will be sent to disk. Step 6: The storage module physically performs the write request. First. Next you will learn how to use Data ONTAP features to manage your storage systems. Because NVRAM is backed by a battery. Inc. the write request will survive even if power is lost. . the request goes to the network module. The other half of NVRAM is used for incoming requests. Step 4: The WAFL file system continues to take incoming data and decides how to write data on disk until a consistency point. You have learned the basic features and functions of the Data ONTAP operating system. Step 3: The WAFL file system receives the raw data and saves a copy of the data in NVRAM. or when NVRAM is half full. During a CP. When you save a file. Reproduction is not authorized. and you have also explored the Data ONTAP technology. Meanwhile.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT 10 9 DATA ONTAP WRITE PROCESS Bob explains how the Data ONTAP write process delivers higher performance. The optional Performance Acceleration Module allows customers to extend memory for system reads. Step 5: When the CP occurs. This material is intended only for training. The WAFL file system passes data to the RAID module. 10 SCENARIO: ACCESS ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER You are doing a great job so far. copies of all write requests are stored in NVRAM as a backup that is used for emergencies. The primary job of the WAFL file system is to determine how the data will be written when the write is performed. occurs. the protocol is CIFS. The write request is processed in this order: Step 1: When a client sends a write request to Data ONTAP. Click the PDA to see the second task. you will learn how to access OnCommand System Manager. Then the WAFL file system sends an acknowledgement that it received the data back to the client. or CP. Because JAF has a Microsoft® Windows® environment. When the CP is completed. the locked portion of NVRAM is flushed and made ready for use. It allows to readily access data in memory for read requests by extending system RAM. This typically happens either every 10 seconds. The first part of this module presented an overview of how Data ONTAP operates. RAID then notifies the storage module that the data is ready. The network module sends the data to physical RAM.

Operations Manager provides a central console of comprehensive monitoring and management dashboards. . The OnCommand System Manager graphical user interface enables you to configure and manage storage in a Windows or Linux® environment. you should focus on the fundamentals of system administration. Reproduction is not authorized. This material is intended only for training.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT PAGE# PAGE TITLE 11 ACCESSING STORAGE SYSTEMS There are two ways to access a storage system: either using a command-line interface or using a graphical user interface like OnCommand System Manager or Operations Manager. 11 Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. The console allows administrators of large storage installations to ensure that their installations remain aligned with business requirements. 12 FEATURES OF ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER OnCommand System Manager includes the following features: TRANSCRIPT  Seamless Windows and Linux integration  Discovery and setup  iSCSI and FC  SAN provisioning  NAS provisioning  Monitoring and management of storage systems  High-availability (or HA) configuration  Protection Click each feature for more information. Inc. which means focusing on OnCommand System Manager. For now.

. This material is intended only for training. When you know the host name or IP address of a storage system. 15 PAGE TITLE ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER: HELP TRANSCRIPT From the Help table of contents and index. When you add one of the systems in an HA pair. System Manager is free software that can be downloaded directly from the NetApp Support site. Use the intuitive installer to install OnCommand System Manager in a few simple clicks. Reproduction is not authorized. You can use this dialog box to discover storage systems or HA pairs on a network subnet and add the systems to the list of managed systems. To learn more about System Manager. administrators can either discover or manually assign storage systems to manage. you can use the Add a System dialog box to add a storage system or an active/active pair to the list of managed storage systems. you can find information about features of OnCommand System Manager and how to use them. the partner system is automatically added to the list of managed systems.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT PAGE# 13 INSTALLING ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER Bob guides you through the steps to download and install OnCommand System Manger. 12 Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. The Discover Storage Systems dialog box lists all of the storage systems that have been discovered by System Manager. Inc. 14 ADDING AND DISCOVERING STORAGE SYSTEMS IN ONCOMMAND SYSTEM MANAGER After installing OnCommand System Manager. review the web-based course Technical Overview of OnCommand System Manager.

This material is intended only for training. increasing the productivity of administrators and improving the availability of data. reports. Reproduction is not authorized. From a central point of control. Operations Manager delivers comprehensive monitoring and management for NetApp enterprise storage. 18 PAGE TITLE LEARNING ACTIVITY INTRODUCTION TRANSCRIPT This learning activity reinforces the concepts that you learned in this module.PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT PAGE# PAGE TITLE TRANSCRIPT PAGE# 16 ONCOMMAND UNIFIED MANAGER OnCommand Unified Manager includes three major products: Operations Manager. Operations Manager provides alerts. 13 Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp. because it contains up-to-date support and product information for your storage systems. You can also access the best practice guides associated with every NetApp product. and configuration tools to help administrators keep their storage infrastructure in alignment with business requirements. This site is full of valuable information. Inc. 17 SCENARIO: ACCESS THE SUPPORT SITE The NetApp Support site is another valuable tool. On the Support site. click Documentation > Product Documentation to access the documentation available for NetApp products. Protection Manager enables storage administrators to simplify management and increase the success of backup and recovery operations by providing easy-to-use policies and global monitoring of data protection operations. This learning activity requires approximately three minutes. This solution automates the manual and repetitive provisioning process. and Provisioning Manager. Finally. You can search the NetApp Support site by keyword or product name. Protection Manager. . Provisioning Manager automates policy-based provisioning for NetApp NAS and SAN environments.

Inc. Reproduction is not authorized. This material is intended only for training.PAGE# PAGE TITLE 24 MODULE SUMMARY In this module. . you learned to: TRANSCRIPT 14  Describe the features and functions of the Data ONTAP 7-Mode operating system  Describe the Data ONTAP architecture and its advantages  Describe the WAFL file system and consistency points  Describe how the Data ONTAP operating system processes write and read requests from clients  Access the support site Data ONTAP 7-Mode Fundamentals © 2013 NetApp.