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MAGNETIC EFFECT

B=

4 0 ia 2

(4 x 2 a 2 )(4x 2 2a 2 )1 / 2

ala

x

**2 A square loop of wire of edge a carries a current i.
**

(a) Show that B for a point on the axis of the loop and a distance x from its centre is given by,

y

1 A small charged ball having mass m and charge q is suspended from a rigid support by means of an inextensible thread of

length L. It is made to rotate on a horizontal circular path in a uniform time independent magnetic field of induction B which is

directed upward. The time period of revolution of the ball is T. If the thread is always stretched, calculate the radius of circular

path on which the ball moves.

.

**(b) Does this reduce to the result of the above problem x = 0 ?
**

(c) Does the square loop behave like a dipole for points such that x >> a ? If so, what is its dipole moment ?

sG

3 A direct current flowing through the winding of a long cylindrical solenoid of radius R produces in it a uniform magnetic field

of induction B. An electron falls into the solenoid along the radius between its turn (at right angles to the solenoid axis) at a

velocity v. A certain time the electron deflected by magnetic field leaves the solenoid. Calculate the time during which the

electrons moves in the solenoid.

4 A cylindrical conductor of radius R carries a current i along its length.

The current density J, however, it is not uniform over the cross section of

the conductor but is a function of the radius according to J = br , where

b is a constant. Find an expression for the magnetic field B.

(a) at r < R &

(b) at distance r > R, measured from the axis

ys

ic

5 A capacitor of capacitance 100F is connected to a battery of 20 volts for a long time and then disconnected from it. It is now

connected across a long solenoid having 4000 turns per metre. It is found that the potential difference across the capacitor

drops to 90% of its maximum value in 2.0 seconds. Estimate the average magnetic field produced at the centre of the solenoid

during this period.

6 Suppose that the radius of cross-section of the wire used in the problem no. 5 is r. Find the increase in the radius of the loop

if the magnetic field is switched off. The Young’s modulus of the material of the wire is Y.

7 Figure shows a circular wire-loop of radius a, carrying a current i, placed in a perpendicular

magnetic field B. (a) Consider a small part dl of the wire. Find the force on this part of the

wire exerted by the magnetic field. (b) Find the force of compression in the wire.

Ph

8 A hypothetical magnetic field existing in a region is given by B B0 e r , where e r denotes the unit vector along the radial

direction. A circular loop of radius a, carrying a current i, is placed with its plane parallel to the XY plane and the centre at (0,

0, d). Find the magnitude of the magnetic force acting on the loop.

9 A U-shaped wire of mass m and length l is immersed with its two ends in mercury (see

figure). The wire is in a homogeneous field of magnetic induction B. If a charge, that is, a

current pulse q = idt , is sent through the wire, the wire will jump up. Calculate, from the

height h that the wire reaches, the size of the charge or current pulse, assuming that the

time of the current pulse is very small in comparison with the time of flight. Make use of the

fact that impulse of force equals Fdt ,which equals mv. Evaluate q for B = 0.1Wb/m2 ,

m = 10gm, = 20cm & h = 3 meters.

0 A in the clockwise direction. the hour hand of the clock points in the direction of the external magnetic field (a) After how many minutes will the minute hand point in the direction of the torque on the winding due to the magnetic field? (b) What is the magnitude of this torque.1 (T ' / 2 ) 2 1 [ L2 3 [ 5 [16 × 10–8T] 7 [(a) idlB towards the centre. the wire carries a current 2. (b) iaB] 8 9 11 [3. B2 = 0 ] 3r1 3 ia 2 B ] sG ys ic Ph 6 [ia2] [ r 2 Y 2a 2iB 0 ] a 2 d2 [2 a i B sin (upward)] . Find the magnitude and direction of the force the field exerts on the ring if the ring carries a current i as shown in the figure. * ANSWER KEY ASSIGNMENT .94 × 10–2 Nm] 10 (2 / gT' ) (qB / mg)2 2 ] 2m eBR tan 1 ] eB m 4 [B1 = [ bR 3 0 br 2 .8C] [(a) 20 min. The twisted lead wires have no effect on the problem. uniform external magnetic field of 70 mT (but the clock still keeps perfect time) at exactly 1:00 pm. The clock is located.10 The magnetic induction at the ring is everywhere of the same magnitude B. where there is a constant. Six turns of wire are wound around its perimeter. (b) 5. and direction at the ring is everywhere at an angle with a normal to the plane of the ring. circular wall clock has a face with a radius of 15cm. * * * * ala x y 11 A stationary.

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