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NOTES

NUMISMATIC
AND

MONOGRAPHS

85

No.

THE

EIGHTH

AND

DURA

NINTH

HOARDS

BY
ALFRED

The

R.

Numismatic

American
Broadway

BELLINGER

at
New

156th

Society
Street

York
1939

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PUBLICATIONS

The

American

Journal

of Numismatics,

1866-1920.
Monthly, May, 1866- April, 1870.
1912.
Quarterly, July, 1870-0ctober,
1913-1920.
Annually,
With many plates, illustrations, maps and tables.
Less than a half-dozen complete sets of the
Price on application.
Journal remain on hand.
The numbers necessary to complete broken sets
An index to
may in most cases be obtained.
the first fifty volumes has been issued as part
of Volume LI.
It may be purchased
sepafor
rately
$3.00.

The American Numismatic
Society.
Catalogue
of the International
Exhibition of ContempoMarch
1910.
New and rerary Medals.
vised edition.
York.
1911.
New
xxxvi, 412
$3.00.
pages, 512 illustrations.

Numismatic

Notes

and

Monographs

9. David Eugene Smith, LL.D. Computing Jetons. 1921. 70 pp.
25 pls. $1.50.
10. Edward T. Newell. The First Seleučid Coinage at Tyre. 1921.
40 pp. 8 pls. $1.00.
12. Howland Wood. Gold Dollars of 1858. 1922. 7 pp. 2 pls. 50c.
13. R. B. Whitehead. Pre-Mohammedan Coinage of N. W. India.
1922. 56 pp. 15 pls. $2.00.
14. George F. Hill. Attambelos I of Characene. 1922. 12 pp. 3
pls. $1.00.
15. M. P. Vlasto. Taras Oikistes (A Contribution to Tarentine
Numismatics). 1922. 234 pp. 13 pls. $3.50.
17. Agnes Baldwin. Six Roman Bronze Medallions. 1923. 39 pp.
6 pls. $1.50.
18. Howland Wood. Tegucigalpa Coinage of 1823. 1923. 16 pp.
2 pls. 50c.
T.
Newell. Alexander Hoards - II. Demanhur
19. Edward
Hoard.
1923. 162 pp. 8 pls. $2.50.
20. Harrold E. Gillingham. Italian Orders of Chivalry and Medals
of Honour. 146 pp. 34 pls. $2.00.

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NUMISMATIC
NOTES

AND

MONOGRAPHS

Number

85

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NumismaticNotes and Monographs
is devotedto essaysand treatises
on subjects relatingto coins, paper money,
medals and decorationsand is uniform
with Hispanic Notes and Monographs
publishedby the Hispanic Society of
America,and with Indian Notes and
issuedby theMuseumofthe
Monographs
AmericanIndian- Heye Foundation.
Publication Committee
AgnesBaldwinBrett,Chairman
StephenH. P. Pell
ThomasO. Mabbott
Editorial Staff
SydneyPhilipNoe,Editor
SawyerMcA.Mosser,Associate
Editor

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1939BY
COPYRIGHT
THEAMERICAN
NUMISMATIC
SOCIETY

PRINTING
CO.
INTELLIGENCER
TÄE
PA.
LANCASTER,

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Vatican
Museum
TYCHE OF ANTIOCH

Alinari
Photograph

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THE

AND NINTH
EIGHTH
DURA HOARDS

BY
ALFRED R. BELLINGER

The American
Numismatic
Society
T
AT156TH
STREF
BROADWAY
NEWYORK
1939

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THE

EIGHTH
AND NINTH
DURA HOARDS
By Alfred R. Bellinger

INTRODUCTION
The findsof bronze coins which have been
HoardsEightand Ninewereunearthed
designated
at Dura in 1932-33. Since theywerenot found
simultaneously
theyweregivenseparatenumbers,
butit is certainthattheyactuallybelongtogether.
BothwereundertheflQor
ofthesameroomand the
ofbothis thesame. In themanuscript
composition
catalogueat Yale theircontentsare distinguished
but heretheyare treatedas a singlebody. The
labor of cleaningthemwas undertakenby the
AmericanNumismaticSociety,by Mr. Noe and
I
Mr. Mosserin particular
to whoseperseverance
am extremely
grateful.Aftertheirremovalto New
Havensomefurther
workwasdoneon themby Mr.
ofYale Collegeand theirprepHenryMcClintock
has beenmuchassistedby
arationforpublication
thestaffoftheArtSchool,especiallyMrs.Gordon
Haight,and by Miss DorothyH. Cox of the University
Library.
and economicsignificance
The historical
of this
materialhas been analyzedin some detailin the
Dura Preliminary
ReportVII-VIII , pp. 391-421.
The accompanying
map and chartwill show the
distribution
of the pieceswhichis closely
general
parallelto thatofthechancefinds.The collection
1

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2

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

was apparently
the
begunabout220and represents
coinsin normalcirculation
at thetimeofthecity's
fall. The surprising
of coins fromthe
frequency
Pontus,whichhasalreadybeencommented
uponin
the Reports,is explainedby thefactthat in their
of the ThirdCentury)none
period(the beginning
of the mintswhichusuallysuppliedMesopotamia
withlargebronzeswas in operation,
and the cities
of the Pontusforthetimebeingservedthewhole
easternlimes
. The piecesfrommintsin Greece
wereundoubtedly
ofCaracalla.
imported
byrecruits
thecitiesrepresented
Otherwise
areaboutwhatone
wouldexpect.
Certain of the more prominenttypes invite
separatediscussion.
Tyche
Aboutthebeginning
of thethirdcenturyB. C.,
of SicyonmadeforthecityofAntioch
Eutychides
a statueof Tycheof gildedbronze.1The goddess
whichshows
worea headdressofwallsand towers,
thatshe was conceivednotas a symbolofabstract
of the cityitself.
Fortune,but as an embodiment
Her local significance
was further
emphasizedby
her rockyseat, whichrepresented
MountSilpius,
and by therivergod of theOrontes,shownat her
witharmsextendedas though
feetas a halffigure
*Pausanias,
Malaias
VI,2.6. John
(Ed.Dindorf)
p.276. An
account
ofTyche
waspublished
excellent
byF. Allègre
general
Etude
surLa Déesse
under
thetitle
Tychê
(Paris,
1889).
Grecque
deTyche"
contains
most
III, "Représentations
figurées
Chapter
here
Cf.alsotheintroduction
toB.M.
ofthematerial
presented.
inRoscher's
Lexicon.
andthearticle
C.Galatia,
"Tyche"
pp.lx-brii

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DURA HOARDS

3

swimming.This was by no means the earliest
statueofTyche,butit becameverypopularand in
Antiochitselfwas usedas thecity'sdeviceon the
withTigranesof Armenia,83-69
coins,beginning
bronze
to thelastautonomous
B.C.2and continuing
when
underValerian,253-257A. D.3 Moreover,
Julian made his celebratedattemptto revive
paganism,he had coinsissuedfromthe imperial
withApolloon theobverseand this
mintat Antioch
on
of
and,whatis much
figure Tyche thereverse,4
the goddessreappearson little
moresurprising,
bronzesstruckat Antioch
byJustinI andJustinian
I, 527A. D.6
Thereis muchvariationof detail: on the best
knowncopythathascomedownto us- theVatican
- the rightarm is bent upward;more
statuette
it is extended;therighthandmostoften
generally
a palmbranch
holdsearsofwheat,but sometimes
a cornucopia.The generalattitude,
and sometimes
is alwaysthesamewhenthewholefigure
however,
busts
is shownandwemaybe surethattheturreted
whichappearfromthe timeof SeverusAlexander
on are derivedfromthe same statue.6 Their
2B.M.C.Seleucids,
PI.xxvii,
5,6.
*B. M. C. Galatia,
p. 232.
4Cohen
VIII,p.43,No.1.
6B.M.C.Byzantine
I,p.24,No.10f.
6Itisnotsoeasytomake
a simple
casefor
theturreted
of
busts
inCappadocia
at Caesarea
and
earlier
suchas those
occurrence
that
There
isnoevidence
invented
Laodicea-ad-Mare.
Eutychides
ofthecity
itis
crown
asdistinctive
theturreted
Tyche.Indeed
for
hisgroup
a concephemerely
more
that
much
employed
likely
such
later
than
andtherefore,
tion
busts,
familiar,
though
already
ofit.
anorigin
hisstatue,
have
quite
independent
may

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4

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

identityis made plainby the ramoverthe head,
whichoccursin the same positionwith the full
on coinsofElagabalusand thereafter.
K. O.
figure
Müller conjecturedthat this was a sign of the
thetimeof yearwhenthe
zodiac,commemorating
city was founded,and the suggestionhas been
commonly
adopted.7 Of courseit is out of the
questionthat it should have formeda part of
group;itstruerelationis shownon the
Eutychides*
bronzesofTrajan Deciusand hissuccessors,
where
it surmountsthe tetrastyleshrinewithinwhich
Tyche is seated. Malaias reportsthat Trajan
erectedsucha shrineforthestatue,thoughhe says
of theramabove.
nothing
His description
does, however,includematerial
whichourcopiesdo not. Tyche,hesays,is crowned
by the kingsSeleucusand Antiochus.Now it is
generallyagreedthat the kingswere no part of
Eutychides*
original
designbutwerelateradditions,
thoughno date is assignedto them. Allègre,followingMüller,takesit forgrantedthat the Antiis the son of SeleucusNicator.8
ochusrepresented
Malaias' wordsimplythat both monarchswere
Tyche,whichwoulddoubtlessbe possible,
crowning
somewhat
awkward
an arrangeand,I think,
though
mentwithoutparallel. It is reasonableto follow
7Cf.Cumont:
article
"Gad"in Pauly-Wissowa-Kroll,
RcalEncyclopädie.
8Rostovtzeff
Antiochus
the
father
of
for
Seleucuswhom
suggests
thetown
wasnamed
casethelatter
(Appian
Syr.57)inwhich
would
bethededicant,
theformer
thesemi-divine
figure
crowning
thereverse
ofthearrangement
discussed
below.This
Tyche,
seems
tomemuch
lesslikely.

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DURA HOARDS

5

insteadtheanalogyoffered
bythosecoinsofSeverus
Alexander
whichshowtheTycheofAntiochbeing
crownedby theemperor
whileanotherTycheof a
different
kindstandsto herleft.
We may imagine,then,a groupwhosecentral
is theTycheof EutychideswithSeleucusto
figure
theright,crowning
standsto
her,whileAntiochus
theleft. But whatis thesignificance
oftheseadditionalfigures
and by whomweretheyset up? An
is afforded
discovered
interpretation
by a bas-relief
at Dura in 1935 and discussedby Rostovtzeff.9
It showstheGad of Dura (theSemitecounterpart
of Tyche) underthe formof Zeus Olympius,enthroned.To hisrightis SeleucusNicator,identified
him;to his
crowning
by thePalmyrene
inscription,
leftstandsthe dedicant. The date is A. D. 158.
It is astonishing
to findthefirst
Seleucusat so late
a time,and theonlypossibleexplanation
seemsto
be thathe was thecenterof a cultworshipwhich
outlastedthe temporalpowerof his descendants.10
In thisrelief,
boththeGad and Seleucus
therefore,
are to be regarded
as divine,whilethethirdfigure,
themortaldedicant,doeshonorto themboth. On
thisanalogy,in thegroupat Antioch,
Tychewould
be crownedby thedivineSeleucuswhileAntiochus
wouldoccupythepositionofdedicant. The latter
wouldbe thereigning
kingand mightbe thesecond
or thirdofthenamequiteas easilyas thefirst.
9nPOrONOI
Journal
IV (1935),
Studies
ofHellenic
especially
pp.64,66.
i°Forthequestion
oftheSeleudd
cultseethearticle
ofRostovtzeff
dtedabove.

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6

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

theassumpNowinthetimeofSeverusAlexander
tionofdivinehonorsby thelivingEmperorwas so
in
that thereis no difficulty
regulara convention
same
in
his
the
that
he
occupies
group
supposing
positionthatSeleucusdid in theearlierone. The
t.
the dedican
secondTychewouldthenrepresent
of this
Allègrehas alreadyseen the significance
duplication.Both Tychesstandforthe city,but
is thepermanent
and essentialspiritofthe
thefirst
of the citizens
place, the secondan embodiment
in thededication.This second
actuallyconcerned
ofthegoddess,
standing
holdinga cornucopia,
figure
is of a type equally familiarand perhapsmore
ancientthanthatof Eutychides;it has been conjecturedthatit is derivedfroma statueof Praxiteles.11 It was evidentlyused for city goddesses
throughoutAsia Minor and would have been
even if therewas no dedicaunderstood
instantly
The wholegroupis represented
not
toryinscription.
gems,one
onlyon coinsbut also on contemporary
of whichis in the collectionof Mr. Newell;the
Museumhas three.
Metropolitan
Thereis no wayoftellingwhether
Alexander
and
or
Tychedirectly
replacedSeleucusand Antiochus,
whethertherewas an intervalwhen Eutychides'
to itsoriginal
state. The earlier
groupwas restored
coinsshowTyche withno accompanying
figures,
but,ifMalaiasis right,
theystillformed
partofthe
groupin thetimeofTrajan.12It is likely,however,
11Imhoof-Blumer
Journal
andGardner,
Studies
1885,
ofHellenic
p.56.
12Mycolleague
Dr.Brown
that
acutely
however, in
suggests,

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DURA HOARDS

7

that Alexander'sadditionswere later removed.
Not onlyis thisinherently
probableon historical
but thetypeof Decius,showing
Tychein
grounds,
a tetrastyle
shrinewhichsheoccupieswithno room
forotherfigures,
seemsto be a truepictureof the
as it appearedin histime.
monument
It was the Tycheof Antiochwhichbecamethe
patternfor city goddessesin the Mesopotamian
citieswithwhosemintswe are hereconcerned.13
Edessa,Carrhae,Nesibi,Singaraand Rhesaenaall
and therivergod,thoughthe
showtheseatedfigure
lastnamedmakesuseoftheotherformofTycheas
a caseofonemintcopying
well. Butitis notsimply
the type of another. At some periodscertain
Syrianmintswereso closelyconnectedthat the
same obversedie could be used fortwo cities,14
and a similarrelationexistedbetweenNesibiand
between
Singara,but therewas no suchconnection
Antiochand Mesopotamia.Ratherit is a case of
fromAntiochherTycheto
thesecitiesborrowing
be used in statuesor picturesof theirown,these
on thecoins. Proofof this
laterto be reproduced
is foundin the frescoof the TribunefromDura15
wheretheTycheof Palmyraand thatof Dura, so
oftherelief
from
Durawemay
havetodowith
caseandthat
this
tohis
andnotonethathadcontinued
a cultrestored
byTrajan
time.
wIthadalsoanextended
Alist
ofMesopotamia.
outside
vogue
DieKleinwhere
itwasusedisgiven
ofthecities
byC. Bosch,
Münzen
derRömischen
Kaiserzeit
asiatischen
, TeilII, Band1,1
Hälfte,
pp.254-256.
i*B.M.C.Galatia,
No.43.
p.129,
16Cumont,
Pis.xlix-li.
Fouilles,

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8

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

entitled,
appearin theformof seatedwomenwith
turreted
headdresses,
thoughthedetailsare altered
to suittheparticular
cases. Doubtlessall thecities
of the districthad similarrepresentations
which
showedthe same generalindebtedness
to Antioch
and the same minorvariations.For example,the
coinsof PhilipfromNesibishowTycheseatedin a
shrine
as do thoseofDeciusfrom
Antioch,
tetrastyle
but,in the former
case, the ramoverherhead is
withinthe shrineand therefore
partof the group.
As alreadyremarked,
thiswouldbe absurd,if not
in sculpture
in theround,butit is quite
impossible
understandable
iftheagalmaofNesibiwas a paintwillshow,there
ingor a relief.As theillustrations
is somevarietyin thestyle,but greaterdifferences
betweenperiodsthanbetweenmintsso thatwe can
getno reliableidea ofthequalityoftheoriginals.
In the descriptions
of the coins,references
to
details mean the type of
Tyche withoutfurther
whenthefullfigure
is shown,the type
Eutychides
withveiland turreted
whenit is onlya
headdress,
bust. It is to be notedthatthe alternatetypeis
regularlyused on the Pontic coins of Septimius
Severus,and Rhesaenaand Gabala showstillother
forms.
The RomanTypesof Rhesaena
In contrastwiththe povertyof subjectsof the
otherMesopotamianmintsRhesaenapresentsan
interesting
varietyof whichthe vexillumand the
colonistploughing
are entirely
Romanin character
while the complicatedscene of the two Tyches

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DURA HOARDS

9

eagleson mostof
claspinghandsand theaccessory
Romanlook compared
the typeshave a distinctly
withthe simplepatternsof the neighboring
cities.
Rhesaena'spartin thehoardis too smallto justify
morethan the reminder
of this dissimilarity.A
on Rhesaenais beingprepared
by
specialmonograph
Carl O. Castelinof Praguewhichwilldeal withthe
civictypesat length.
The Pyre of Amasia
The typesofAmasiaarepartlyofimperial,
partly
thecommonest
Oftheformer,
oflocalsignificance.
in togasclasping
is that whichshowstwo figures
hands. The mostprobableexplanationof thisis
Caracallaand Geta in theirjoint
thatit represents
of 205. It is no validobjectionthatthe
consulship
same scenereappearsdated in the nextyear,for
no effort
to revisethe list of
therewas evidently
of
for
the
second
year theissue. A more
subjects
puzzlingthingis thatso farno exampleofthistype
has beenfoundwithGeta on theobverse. To be
and thismaybe
sureGeta'scoinsarenotnumerous
merelyaccident,butonewouldhaveexpectedthat
associatedwithhim.
typeto be mostparticularly
it can hardlybe doubtedthat the
Nevertheless,
are thetwobrothers.
figures
The standingTycheneedsno further
comment,
ofa
butthereis a groupofcoinsbearingthepicture
some
It
discussion.
deserves
which
flaming
pyre
thatthestrucat thebeginning
shouldbe remarked
tureis not an altar as it is calledin the British
MuseumCatalogue,but a burning
pyresometimes

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10

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

oftwostages. Thisagreeswellwiththedescription
of a sacrificeof Mithradatesto Zeus Stratios
describedby Appian(Mithr
. 66).l6 Zeus Stratios
was a deityofbarbarous
originhavingsomeaffinity
to Ahura-Mazdaand regardedas a sun god. The
eagleand thequadrigawhichfrequently
appearon
orabovethepyrepresumably
refer
to him. Cumont
believesthat the tree or trees beside the pyre
symbolizethe sacredgrovewhichhe supposesto
have surrounded
it.17 But howeverappropriate
a
sacredgrovemaybe to a temple,it seemsdoubtful
if it couldhave stoodabout thispyre. According
to Appian's account,the flameswere visible a
thousandstadesawayand it tookseveraldays for
theplaceto cooloffenoughforpeopleto comeback
to it. Surelynotreescouldlivetobecomevenerable
if theywerenearenoughto such a bonfireto be
as an adjunct! Moreoverthetreesofthe
regarded
coindo notappearto be eitherpineor oak. Figuré
1 showsthepeculiarform,withtwistedstemsand
roundhead often,thoughnot always,surrounded
fruit.
by a circleof dots whichseemto represent
The treeon the pyreis obviouslya pine,and the
smallershootsto rightand leftare of stillanother
musthave knownhow
kind,so thatthedie-sinker
to differentiate.
The appearanceofthetreebeside
"Thiswasfirst
outbyCavedoni
. 1840,
pointed
(Bull.d.Inst
hassince
been
treated
pp.70f.)andthematter
byCumont
(Studia
Pontica
176
and
II,pp. ff.) Cook(ZeusII. 2,pp.974ff.).
17There
arestillpinetrees
onthesiteofthetemple
ofZeus
Stratios
at Amasia
andPliny
thatvenerable
oaksstood
reports
beside
thetemple
ofZeusStratios
at Heraclea
(Cumont
op.cit.,
pp.174,177,180n.1).

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DURA HOARDS

11

thepyreis muchmorethatof an oliveor possibly
a fig. I confessthat I cannotofferthe least sugorexplainitsposition,
but
gestionas to itsmeaning
thetheory
ofthesacredgrovedoesnotseemto me
tenable.
Thereare certainothervariationsof thistype,
rareor unpublished,
of whichI presentdrawings
sincethe coinsthemselves
are nonetoo clear. In
Figure2 thesecondstageof the pyreseemsto be
; in Figure
separatedfromthefirst
bya pinebranch
3 theeagleis undera pediment
forwhichnobuilding
can be seenand in Figure4 he is perchedon a very
deadbull. Waddington
elements,
speaksofMithraic
and oneis naturally
reminded
oftheMithraicbull,
thoughI cannotfindthatheis evershownin sucha
position. But M. Cumont,whosewordon sucha
writesmethatthesuggestion
questionis authority,
of Mithraism
is a mistake. He believesthat the
type shouldbe comparedwith the Cappadocian
bronzesof an eagle on a bull's head to whichhe
refersin an article entitled"L'Archevêchéde
Pédachtoéet le Sacrifice
du Faon/'18buthe admits
withpleasantcandorthatthisis merelyexplaining
obscurum
perobscurius.Figure5 showsan astonishofthequadrigatype. The chariot
ingmodification
- or rathertheforeitselfis invisiblebutthehorses
the
horses
are
of
parts
placed one pair above
thisis an individual
another.Whether
experiment
in perspective
or whether
thesun god on occasion
is to
drovea kindofdivinestagecoach,theeffect

on1931,
Bysanti
pp.521-529.

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12

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

Fig.1

Fig.2

Fig.3

Fig.4

Fig.5

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DURA HOARDS

13

eliminatethedeityhimself
altogether.It maybe
that onlyfutureexcavationat Amasiaitselfwill
makeclearthesignificance
of thesecuriousdetails
but it has seemedworthwhileto call attentionto
whichare new.
features
Mentionoughtalso to be madeof the hitherto
unknowntypeof the seatedrivergod Iris (p. 77,
No. 319) thoughit is similarto otherspreviously
known.
The Templesof Neo-Caesarea
Muchthecommonest
typefromNeo-Caesareais
a tetrastyle
and
this apparentmonotony
temple,
mayobscurethefactthatit is nota singlebuilding
thatis shown,buta number
ofdifferent
ones. Not
but the
onlyare someIonic and someCorinthian
statuesvisiblebetweenthecolumnsshowa surpristhe scale is so small
ingdiversity.Unfortunately
and the reliefso low that theiridentityis never
certainand frequently
not evento be guessed. I
haveincludedin thecataloguesuchconjectures
as I
couldmake. Withoutcounting
too minutedetails,
thereappearto be fifteen
on
separatesanctuaries
the piecesin thishoard. The happyexcavatorof
Neo-Caesareaoughtto findtheworld'sfinest
collectionoftetrastyle
temples!

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14

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

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z
^ ujm

kiskkisixi
K í s: d o ?! 1<1<1<ISI0I«!
-j^Liu-5jí?w<n «i rr
ÉÍSiílilSlllÍlüllsl
e* Se 3: UJ^ üj >
jžžz(nifiNux<iž(j^iog<FP<o
o
o
o
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DOMITIAN
ai-3t>
o_o
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Q_ö_o o_i_o
o_o
ç
o
o
o
o
HadrianIi7-I3fl
o_o
o _L
fe o o
Pius 13B-ltl
o_o_o_c
'
Marcusifei
iao o o
Q_Q_£_i_L Q_o_S_o_o o
COMHOOÜ5
177-192
O O
0_0
0_0_0_L_0_
0_0
O_Q
*SEVERU5
193-2113 O
0_jO_L_0_0_0_0_0 C
O I O
CARACALLA
211-217
2_0
0_0
l__0_0_0
_0_0_2
O
HACRINU5
217216 O 0
6
[_0 O 0_0_0_
2I&Ž2Ž
45 O
3 I 2 Ü0_L LJ2_! I 2 o
'^GABALUS
4Alexander
o o 1
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1o
Maximinos
ím-íís
O
GOROIAN4
ABGAR
áZž
Z40-Z42
Gordian
¿42-244»>7so sfijsj
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o
o
*PHIL|P
¿44-249
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12
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S
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393
PhoeniciaCypr
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Syria
C
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VERUS
'INCLUDING
coinsOFDomna,
anoGeta struck
reign
inSeverus'
"iNCluWNC.
CaracaLIa
THE
'including
SeverusAlt*ander,Caesar.
*incLudin«
JoUa Mam
Ata.
$incLuoinc
Tranquillina.
'includingOtacília ano PhiLipJr.
O SIGNIFIES
INTHU
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COINS
GUT

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li III Jd«|§|*|<|š|s|2|fllL
j|IIRI=IsI
Jsl!|í|ils|
2ii£ssi52^|¡5i|^s§ai¡i|l|g
§.Âlâ.£áLá.iâlalâ.
J.£ā=
££ÊIÍ.IÊII.
o
O Oo O
O o
o
o
o
.
o_o
Q_p_o_o_o_o_o
O
0_0
0_0
Q
_o_o o_o_o_o_i_o
o_o_o_g
O
g O O
0 0 0
O O
o _o_o [ __o o_o_o
9-0 jQ
o jo 5ļ§^J3i_i_H_!j>
LJL
__o o_o_o o
o
0
0_L_L_2_0
O _0
J__0 0_0_l_ 2 _0_0
O
o
0_0
O

o
0_0
O

o

o O
O

o
o
O

II 215lad511131il ^
JI
5
iT
? 7*5
604
PhoeniciaCyprus Pontos
Pisidia
CiliciA
Cappaoocia
Phrygia

i
Q

i
/3
ģ
L
joyfc

i
/67
799
-12
455
232
JJ_

3^ ^lí^j j¡£l2Bg
21
GREECE

OF2817
TOTOTAL
AOO| 5CLC0CU5
DI
RtlGN
OřRbWAN
5CVERU3
I & IMITATION
& PROM
IMCCNT&C
ANTIOCH,
ZDtNARI
ALeXANOCR
,SEVERUS
10UNlDEMTtřlEO
14itlCGiftLfc
*0
ZUT
HAT
INT*U5
HOARO. ZW GRAND
NOHE
OCCUR
TOTAL

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DURA HOARDS

15

The Catalogue
at Yale a manuscript
Thereis preserved
catalogue
showingall the variationsthat occur,but it has
seemedwiserin the printedcatalogueto list only
such differences
as seem to have a significance
the
than
accidental,merelysummarizing
greater
observedvariantsin the legends. Of courseit is
to be surethatvarieties
together
grouped
impossible
separateissues
may not,in fact,have constituted
but it is morelikelythattheerrorhas beenin the
directionof givingtoo muchdetail. The plates
of
have covered,so far as possible,differences
minutiaeand also differences
of stylewhichcould
notbe adequatelydescribed.This has necessitated
is
the illustration
of manypieceswhosecondition
farfromsatisfactory
butwhoseevidenceis serviceable ifnota delightto theeye.
An attempthas beenmadeto arrangethemints
of theirrelation
in a geographical
orderexpressive
to Dura. The typesare numbered
consecutively.
in eachtype
Thenfollows
ofspecimens
thenumber
and thenthe size in millimeters.
(in parenthesis)
in theplatesare markedwithan
Typesillustrated
to specimensalreadypubasterisk. References
lishedare givenonly in the case of exceptional
pieces.

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16

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
EDESSA
SeptimiusSeverus and AbgarVIII

195-201
The datingof this seriesis discussedin Dura
, VII-VII! , pp. 399f.
Report
1. (3) 23-24mm.CS0YH[P0C] HeadofSeverus
r.tlaureate.
Rev.ABrAPOC[BACIA8TC]
BustofAbgarr.,wearing
diademedtiara;before
face,scepter.
Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
obverseinscription
is AYTKMAANTThe normal
Kalaap Máp/cos
(l)NSINOC C8B for AôroKpárwp
'Avtc
onecoinhas KAIC inûvéivos
Jàefiaaròs]
Aôp^Xtos
steadof K, onehas Q insteadof CO,two have I inAYTKMAANTsteadof£1. Onehastheinscription
NANOCC(Sic!) Pl. I. 9.
The official
nameof thetownis KoXwvla
Mapda
'
'Eôêaaa. The following
forms
AùprjXla
AvTœviviavi)
KOAoccurin thesehoards:KOACOMAPSASCC,
MAPKOANTAVP8A6CC,MAPAVANKOSA6CC,
ASAeCCA, MAKAVPHKO- - - - AMSASCCA.
These variations,like those of the obverse,are
as to dateordenomiwithoutsignificance
certainly
nation. There is one coin,however,whichreads
MHK6A8 - -, the MH standingfor Mqrpón-oXts.
Since the title occursregularlyon the coins of

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DURA HOARDS

17

SeverusAlexander
but notearlierthanElagabalus,
itsintroduction
maybelongto theend of hisreign.
The piecemaybe a hybrid,
however.The reverse
typeis theseatedTychediscussedabove,pp. 2-8.
2. (2) 26-28mm.Bust1.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
branch.
3. (2) 25mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
branch;
before
altar.
her,flaming
4. (2) 25mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
fruit.
*5. (3) 24-27mm.Bustr.,radiate.
Rev.Same.
*6. (2) 25mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
befruit;
foreher,flaming
altar.
*7. (1) 27mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
fruit
; behindher,cornucopia.
8. (2) 25mm. Bust1.,laur.,withshield.
beRev.Tyche1.,holding
fruit;
foreher,cornucopia.
*9. (1) 25mm. Headr.,rad.
earsof
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
altar.
her,flaming
corn;before
*10. (1) 27mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche 1., holdingNike
her.
whocrowns
11. (1) 24mm. Bust1.,laur.,withshield.
Rev. Tyche1.;before
her,flamingaltar.

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18

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

12. (1) 23mm.

Headr.,laur.
Rev. Tyche1.;before
her,rearingserpent.
13. (1) 25mm. Headr.,rad.
Rev. Tyche1.; detailsuncertain.
14. (12) 24-27mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*15. (3) 25-29mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
WiththeTitleMetropolis
16. (1) 23mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev. Tyche1.,holding
branch;
before
altar.
her,flaming
Severus Alexander, Caesar
July10,221-March11,222
17. (5) 23-26mm.- NAPOCKABustr.,laur.
Rev. 6A8CC Tyche1.,detailsobscure.
*18. (5) 24-26mm.- ANAPOCKBustr.,laur.
Rev.MAKAVP6ASCCTyche
1.; before
her,altar.
Severus Alexander,Augustus
March11,222-March19,235
Thereare fourissuesidentifiable
underSeverus
Alexander
as Augustus.Sincehisreverseas Caesar
has no starsand is withoutthetitlesMetropolis
or
Coloniait is apparentthatthepieceswiththesame

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DURA HOARDS

19

reverse(B. M. Arab.,p. 104,No. 86) are the first
issuedunderhimas Augustus.
The secondissueis thatwiththetitlesMetropolis
and Colonia
. It is oftwodenominations:
thesecond,
in thehoards,and thethirdby B. M.
represented
Arab., p. 109,Nos. 113f.
The thirdissuewouldthenconsistof the coins
withtwostars. Hereagaintherearetwodenominations:the firstand second. Hill distinguishes
a
series(B . M. Arab.,pp. 107f., Nos. 102-112)on
whichtheseatofTycheis regular
in formwhilethe
bust of the Emperoris slightlybearded. The
reverse
beginsMHTKOA. On others(B.
inscription
M. Arab.,p. 106,Nos. 93-96)theinscription
begins
MHKO,theseatis irregular
andthebeardis notapin inscription
parent. A similardifference
appears
in the largedenomination,
some (B . M. Arab.,p.
105,Nos.87-89,92) readMHTKO (notKOA) while
others(B . M. Arab.,p. 105,Nos. 90 f.)haveMHKO.
It maybe thattheothercharacteristics
accompany
the diversereadings,
but amongthe specimens
in
thesehoardsI canfindnodistinctions.
Mostofthe
areincomplete,
itis generally
inscriptions
impossible
to say whether
theEmperor
is beardedor not,and
the seat of Tycheexhibitsso manygradations
of
that I have madeno attemptto subdiregularity
videthethirdissueonthesegrounds.The variation
in the obverseinscription
makesone suspectthat
variationon the reverseis significant
of nothing
of thedie-sinker.Coins
morethanthepreference
of Mamaea withtwo stars(B . M. Arab.,p. 110,
Nos. 121-123)aretobe assignedto thisissue.

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20

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

The fourthseriesincludesthe pieceswithfour
starsofAlexander,
Alexander
and Mamaeatogether
and Mamaea alone; of this issue thereare two
thefirst(onlyAlexander
and Mamdenominations,
aea together)
and thesecond(all threeobverses).
The commonest
formof the Emperor'stitleis
AVTKMAVCSAASEANAPOC CS forAòtokp&top
MápKos
Katcrap
'A'é£avôpos
Heovîqpos
AûprjXios
Ze/3a<rrós.
A numberof variationsoccur;KAI insteadof K,
MAPinsteadof M, A insteadof AV,C or C£Y inand C£BinsteadofC£ for
steadof C£ forSeoi^pos,
ScjSaoTÓs.These have no discernibleconnection
withtheissuesorthedenominations.
The title on the reverse,M^rpón-oAis
KdXœvia
9
Eóe<r<H¡vwv
appears as MHKO£A£CCHNO)Nor
on the firstdenomination
MHTKO£A£CCHN(ON
as MHTKOA£A£Cand,in additionto thoseforms,
CHNCONon theseconddenomination.

19. (4)
20. (2)
*21, (2)
22. (1)

SECOND
ISSUE
SecondDenomination
23-25mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
earsof
corn;before
her,altar.
23mm. Headr.,rad.
Rev. Same.
24mm. Bust1.,laur.;r. handraised.
Rev.Same.
24mm. Bust1.,laur.,withshieldand
eagle-topped
scepter.
Rev.Same.

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DURA HOARDS
*23. (1) 23mm.

21

Bustr.,laur.
Rev.- eASCCOn (sic) Tywithpediche1.holding
temple
her,altar.
ment;before
THIRDISSUE

FirstDenomination
*24. (22) 30-33mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.; beforeher,alto 1.andr.,eighttar;infield,
pointedstars [In two cases
thereare pelletsin the field,
converted
intostarsbyscratches,obviously
impromptu].
*25. (1) 31mm. Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
26. (3) 29-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
27. (2) 30-33mm.Bust1.,laur.,shieldon shoulder.
Rev.Same.
SecondDenomination
*28. (10) 24-28mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche 1., holdingfruit;
before
her,altar;in fieldto 1.
and r., eight-pointed
stars.
*29. (44) 24-28mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
30. (3) 23-24mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Same, but Tycheholds
earsofcorn.

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22

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*31. (3) 24-25mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*32. (3) 22-29mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same, but Tyche holds
uncertain
object.
33. (19) 22-27mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
34. (1) 26mm. Head1.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*35. (21) 22-28mm.Busti., laur.withshieldand
eagle-topped
scepter.
Rev.Same.
36. (5) 23-26mm.Bust 1., laur.,withshield;r.
handraised.
Rev.Same.
mm.Bust1.,rad.
*37. (8) 24r-27
Rev.Same.
38. (4) 26-27mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche 1., holdingfruit;
altarsbeforeand behindher;
in field,to 1. and r., eightstars.
pointed
*39. (3) 25-26mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
40. (2) 26-27mm.Bust1.,laur.,withshieldand
eagle-topped
scepter.
Rev.Same.
*41 (1) 26mm.

Bust 1.,laur.,withshield;r.
handraised.
Rev.Same.

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DURA HOARDS
*42. (2) 26mm.
*43. (1) 27mm.

*44. (1) 28mm.

23

Bust1.rad.,holding
1.
scepter
Rev.Same.
Bustr., laur.withshieldand
scepter.
eagle-topped
Rev.MHTKOA6A6CHsl(ON
earsof
(sic) Tyche1.,holding
and behind
corn;altarsbefore
her;infieldto 1.andr.,eightstars.
pointed
- - KMAC80ANT0)N£IN19
Bust1.,laur.,withshieldand
scepter.
eagle-topped
Rev. - TKOA8A[SCC]HN(i)
[N] Samebutonlyonealtar,
before
Tyche.

FOURTH
ISSUE
SecondDenomination
45. (1) 28mm.

Bustr.flaur.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
temple
withpediment;
before
her,alfoureight-pointed
tar;infield,
stars.

» Theinscription
[AVT]KMAC£OANT(ONeiN[OC
CSB]would
Caracalla
beusedasanargument
for
asfor
andmight
becorrect
since
wenow
know
that
thetitle
cointohim,
Colonia
this
signing
aregreat
thechief
of
objections
goesbacktohistime.Butthere
from
isindistinguishable
those
associated
isthat
thereverse
which
ofAlexander,
while
this
obverse
for
him
with
obverses
type
appears
tobea dieonwhich
thename
more
thanonce.Thisappears
A
toAlexander.
similar
waserroneously
"Antoninus"
given
piece
No.77).They
are
toElagabalus
isattributed
(B. M.Arab.,
p.103,
tobediscussed
inmyforthwith
certain
tetradrachms
connected
of
Caracalla
and
Tetradrachms
Macrinus."
"Syrian
study
coming

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24

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*46. (1) 28mm.

Bust1.,laur.,withshieldand
scepter.
eagle-topped
Rev.Same but above Tyche,
Aquarius?

Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
March11,222-March19,235
is alwaysAVTKMACThe obverseinscription
The reverses
AASEANAPOCCSBIOVAMAMSAC.
havebeendiscussed
above,pp. 18-20.
ISSUE
FOURTH
FirstDenomination
*47. (3) 30-33mm.Bustsconfronted.
Rev.Tyche1.,holding
temple
with pediment;above her,
Aquarius(?); in field,four
stars.
eight-pointed
SecondDenomination
*48. (24) 25-27mm.Same.
Rev.Same.
Julia Mamaea
March11,222-March19,235
The obverseinscription
is IOVAMAM6AC6BACTH. The reverseshave beendiscussedabove,pp.
18-20.
THIRDISSUE
SecondDenomination
*49. (5) 24-25mm.Bustr.
Rev.Tyche1.,holdinguncertain object;beforeher,altar;

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DURA HOARDS

25

infield,
1.andr.,eight-pointed
stars.
FOURTH
ISSUE
SecondDenomination
50. (2) 27-28mm.Bustr.
Rev. Tyche1.,holding
temple
in field,four
withpediment;
stars.
-pointed
eight
GordianIII and AbgarX
240-242
The date of these issues is discussedin Yale
ClassicalStudiesV, pp. 95-154,whereit is shown
that,underGordian,theregalcoinageprecedesthe
colonial.
ofwhichthreeare
Thereare fourdenominations,
of
here. The obversebearstheportrait
represented
AYTOKKMGordianand theinvariable
inscription
ANTFOPAIANOCCSBforAÒTOKpárcop
Kaccrap
Mápxos
on thereverse
ofthefirst
'Avt&vios
Topôuxvbs
Sc/3a<rr6s;
denomination
appearGordianand Abgarwiththe
AVTOK TOPAIANOCABrAPOCBACIinscription
andmerely
ABrAPOC
A6VCorAbgaron horseback
thereverse
BACIA8VC;on thelowerdenominations
is alwaysthe bust of Abgarwiththe inscription
ABTAPOCBACIA6VC. Abgar's tiarais sometimes
ofpellets,
witha rosette
sometimes
witha
decorated
network.Thereis a starinthefieldonbothobverse
ofthelowerdenominations.
and reverse

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26

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

51. (16) 32-34mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Gordian
seatedr. on sella
on suggestus
withsceptre,
receiving Abgar standing1.,
holdingswordand presenting
him with Victoryholding
wreath.
*52. (20) 33-36mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*53. (5) 32-34mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*54. (10) 32-34mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same.
*55. (1) 33mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.On 1.,Gordianr. holding
globeand mappa;onr.,Abgar
1., 1. hand on sword,in r.,
wreath.
56. (1) 34mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same.
*57. (1) 32mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Abgarriding
r.
58. (1) 33mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
59. (1) 32mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Obliterated.
SecondDenomination
*60.(120) 22-26mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.BustofAbgar,
r.,intiara.
*61.(155) 22-26mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.

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DURA HOARDS

27

*62. (25) 23-27mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*03.(107) 22-27mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same.
64. (3) 24-25mm.Bust1.,laur.,withshield.
Rev. Same.
*65. (5) 24-25mm.Bust1.,laur.,withshieldand
sceptre.
eagle-topped
Rev. Same.
ThirdDenomination
*66. (2) 20mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
67. (2) 20mm. Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
GordianIII, alone
244
242-March,
The obversetypesand inscription
remainunnowbearsa bustofTyche,
butthereverse
changed,
1. Beforeit is a pedestalon whichstandsa statue
ofAquarius(?). Betweenbustandpedestal,
usually
but not invariably(cf. Pl. IV, 71) standsa little
templewithpediment(cf. Pl. IV, 69, 72) suchas
on coinsof Edessa (e. g. B. M.
appearselsewhere
itscareArab.,p. 101,No. 69,Pl. XV, 4), although
lessexecution
makesitfrequently
looklikea flaming
in B. M. Arab.,p. 111. The
altar,as it is described
is MHTKOA£ASCCHN(ON. Theseare
inscription
all of thefirst
denomination
smaller
thoughslightly
thantheregalissue.

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28

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

68. (5) 28-32mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev. BustofTyche,1.
*69. (96) 28-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*70. (21) 28-32mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*71. (37) 27-32mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
Tranquillina
242-March244
The obverseinscription
is<K)VPCABINATPANKC6B for<&oùpia
Sc/3
HaßlviaTpavKvWlva
aariļ.
The reverse
is thatofGordian.
*72. (8) 28-31mm.Bustr. withStephane.
Rev.BustofTyche,1.
Trajan Decius
October249-May251
73. (1) 20mm. Inscription
[AVrASKillegible
ICCSB] Headr.,laur.
Reo.K0AS[A£CCA] Bustof
smallaltar.
Tyche,1.;infront,
B. M. Arab.,pp. 117f.,Nos.
166-172.

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DURA HOARDS

29

CARRHAE
Caracalla
214-217
74. (1) 17mm.

obliterated.Head
Inscription
r.,laur.
Rev.CO
BustofTyche,
r. B. M. Arab.,pp.85ff.

GordianIII
244
242-March,
Thereare twoissues,eachoftwodenominations.
is verymuch
oftheformer
The firstdenomination
colonialissues from
like Gordiani contemporary
and theobverseinscription,
Edessa. The portraits
arethesame. On
AVTKKMANTrOPAIANOCCSB
the reversea verysimilarbust of Tycheappears,
facedby the samestatueon a pedestal. Between
a smallaltar(Pl. IV). Generally
themis sometimes
abovethebustthoughsometimes
thereis a crescent
isMHTPKOAThe reverse
itis omitted.20
inscription
of this
KAPPHNCON. The seconddenomination
a
issuehas thesameobversesbut,on thereverse,
bustofTyche,r., appearsbetweentwostars. The
is MHTKOAKAPPHNCON.
inscription
On thesecondissue(thoughwe haveno meansof
it was laterin time)theobverseis
tellingwhether
the same,but the reversetypeis replacedby a
staron
crescent
withinwhichis one eight-pointed
2°B. M. Arab.,
"crescent
p. 89,Nos.55and58aremarked
" buton
ofCarrhae
thecrescent
was
ofthecoins
obliterated
many
omitted.
certainly

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30

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

thefirst
twoon thesecond. On both
denomination,
is MHTPKOAKAPPHNCON.
theinscription
FIRSTISSUE
FirstDenomination
*75. (2) 27-28mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev. Bust of Tyche, 1.; in
statueon pedestal.
front,
*76. (30) 27-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
77. (2) 28-29mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*78. (32) 27-30mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
SecondDenomination
*79. (2) 23mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. BustofTyche,r.between
twostars.
*80. (1) 23mm.

Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.

SECOND
ISSUE
FirstDenomination
81. (1) 28mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Crescent,withinwhich,
star.
six-pointed
*82. (6) 28mm.

Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.

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DURA HOARDS

31

SecondDenomination
*83. (1) 21mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Crescent,withinwhich
twoeight-pointed
stars.
84. (1) 22mm. Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
85. (2) 22mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
RHESAENA
Severus Alexander
March11,222-March19,235
86. (1) 27mm. Inscription
Headr.
illegible.
Rev. Inscription
illegible.Tyche seated1. Doublestruck
andobscure,cf.B. M. Arab.,
p. 126,Pl. XVIII, 5.
87. (1) 26mm. Inscription
illegible.Head or
bustr.
Rev.-HCAINH Tycheseated
1., holdingeagle, cf. B. M.
Arab.
j p. 126,Nos.5-8. Struck
over head of Elagabalus,r.
B. M. Arab.,p. 125,
(possibly
No. 4).
Trajan Decius
October,249-May,251
Thereare threevarietiesof the obverseinscription:AVTKrM£KVA£KIOCTPAIANOCCSB
(AôroKvÍptos
AÍklosTpaiávos
Kpárcop
KaîarapTalosM¿<r<7ios

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32

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

Se/fcwr
rós), AVTKAirAIM£CKVTPAA6KI0CC£B,
the firsttwo
and AVTKrM£KVTPAA£KIOCC£B
thethird,
whichis
usedon theseconddenomination,
of thesecond,used on the
merelyan abbreviation
thirddenomination.I have conjectured
(Hoards
I, II, p. 40) that the formwhichreads "Decius
Traianus" precedesthat with the usual order
I heredivide
"TraianusDecius,"and consequently
theminto two issues,thoughthismustbe understoodas a merepossibility
N
is generally
The reverseinscription
C£IIKOAPHKoXo
wla Prjaaivr¡al(av
CAINHCICONLIIIP(JlevTi/xla
ononeofourpieces(No.
LegioIII Parthica)though
is
It is noticeable
the
title
"Colonia"
omitted.
94)
in theBritishMuseumcollection
thatthisomission
thesecondobverseinscription
alwaysaccompanies
(B. M. Arab.,pp. 128f., Nos. 16-21,27) whichI
to be laterthanthe first,
have considered
but the
absenceof"Colonia" cannotbe takenas an indication of date for the title occursunderSeverus
Alexander
(ibid.,p. cx,n. 2).
FIRSTISSUE
SecondDenomination
*88. (2) 26-27mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Founder
r.with
ploughing
yokeof oxen;he holdseagleheadedscepterin 1.; above,
spreadeagle,head 1.,wreath
in beak; in ex., rivergod r.
B. M. Arab.,p. 127,Nos. 1014.

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DURA HOARDS
*89. (1) 25mm.

*90. (1) 26mm.

*91. (1) 26mm.

92. (1) 26mm.

33

Bustr.frad.
Rev. Tycheseated1. withr.
hand extendedover lighted
altar;above,spreadeagle,head
inbeak. Cf.B, M,
1.,wreath
Arab., p. 129,No. 27, butobis that of
verse inscription
Nos.22-25.
Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Two Tyches clasping
themaltarof
hands;between
caryatid supportingslab;
in
above,eagle,headr.,wreath
beak;to 1.,Aquarius(?) r. on
r.;
column;to r., Sagittarius
ofrivergod
in ex.,half-figure
r. B. M. Arab., p.
swimming
130,No. 28.
Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Two Tyches clasping
hands;betweenthem,altar;
in
above,eagle,headr.,wreath
beak; to 1. Aquarius(?) r.
to r.,Sagitcolumn);
(without
of
tariusr.; in ex.,half-figure
r. cf.B.
rivergodswimming
M. Arab.,p. 130,No. 29.
Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Two Tyches clasping
hands;betweenthem,altar;
in
above,eagle,head1.,wreath
beak;to 1.Aquarius(?) r. on
r.];
column;[tor.,Sagittarius,
ofrivergod
in ex.,halffigure

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34

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
r. cf.B. M. Arab.,
swimming
p. 130,No.30.
ISSUE
SECOND
SecondDenomination

93. (1) 27mm.

Bust1.,rad.
Rev. Founder
r.with
ploughing
yokeof oxen;he holdsin 1.
scepter;above,
eagle-headed
eagle1. withclosedwingson
wreathin beak;
palmbranch,
in ex., wreath[between
palm
B. M. Arab.,p. 127,
branches]
No. 15.

94. (3) 26mm.

Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Tyche seated 1.; above
her,eagle,1.,wreathin beak.
B. M. Arab.,p. 129,No. 27.
Inscription
illegible.Bust 1.,
rad.
Rev.Obliterated.

95. (1) 24mm.

ThirdDenomination
*96. (1) 22mm.

Bustr.,rad.
Rev.TwobustsofTycheconfronted;
above,spreadeagle,
r.; below,altar. B. M. Arab.,
p. 131,Nos.33,34.

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DURA HOARDS

35

NESI BI
Severus Alexander
March11,222-March19,235
As in the case of Edessa,the inscriptions
show
considerable
variationunderAlexanderwith no
discernible
significance.The usual formin the
obverseis AVTKAIMAPAVCAASEAN
APOCCfrom
whichI havenotedthefollowing
AV and
deviations:
AVTOforAVT,K and KA forKAI, M forMAP,A
forAV,CS forC, C6B forC. Thelaureateheadsare
ofbetterstyleand maybe earlier.
The reverse
CSIIKOAONSCIBIMHT
inscription,
KóXovla
variesonly
(ScTTt/zfoí
(sic) NiaißiM^rpóxoXts
in sometimes
readingMH, MHTP or MHTPO for
MHT. ThebustofTycheis sometimes
accompanied
by one star,sometimes
by twoand sometimes
by
two and an ear of corn. I have recordedthese
whichseemto be morethanvagariesofthe
varieties
but if theyare separateissuesthereis
die-sinker;
nothingin the appearanceof the coinsto suggest
theirorder.
*97.(100) 26-30mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.BustofTyche,r.; above,
ram,r.; infieldr.,star.
*98. (31) 27-28mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*99. (22) 26-29mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*100. (1) 28mm. Head1.,laur.
Rev.Same.

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36

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*101. (80) 26-29mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Sametype;infield,
1.and
r.,stars.
102. (5) 26mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
103. (14) 27-28mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*104. (6) 27-29mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Sametype;infield
1.,star;
r.,starandearofcorn.
105. (12) 26-29mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev. Same.
106. (1) 27mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
107.(142) 26-29mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Sametype;symbols
illegible.
108. (7) 27mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
109. (15) 27-29mm.Headr.frad.
Rev.Same.
110. (1) 27mm. Bustr.frad.
Rev.Same.
Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
March11,222-March19,235
On noneof our coinsis the obverseinscription
contained
thenamesofboth
complete.It certainly
and Empress,
andinthecaseoftheformer,
Emperor
probablyshowedvariationsalreadyfamiliar.The
reverses
arethoseofAlexander.

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DURA HOARDS

37

111. (7) 26-29mm.BustsofAlexanders,
laur.,and
Mamaea1.,confronted.
1.and
Rev.Sametype;infield,
r.,stars.
112. (5) 27-28mm.Similar,but Alexander
rad.;
behind
Mamaeawithcrescent
shoulders.
Rev.Same.
*113. (6) 27-29mm.Similar,but Alexander
laur.;
Mamaeawithout
crescent.
Rev.Same type; in field1.,
star;r.,starandearofcorn.
*114. (1) 29mm. Similar,but Alexander
rad.;
Mamaeawithcrescent
behind
shoulders.
Rev.Same.
Julia Mamaea
March11,222-March19,235
The obverseinscription
is alwaysIOV MAMSA
CSBACTH. The bust withoutthe crescentis of
betterstyleand maybe earlier. The reverses
are
thoseofAlexander.
*115. (23) 27-28mm.Bustr.
Rev.Sametype;infield
r.,star.
*116. (27) 26-28mm.Bustr.oncrescent.
Rev.Same.
117. (6) 26-30mm.Same.
Rev. Sametype;infield,
1.and
r.,stars.

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38

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*118. (6) 27-29mm.Same.
Rev. Same type; in field1.,
star;r.starandearofcorn.
GordianIII
242-March,244
These coinsmustcomeafterthe reconquestof
fromthePersiansin 242. The obverse
thisterritory
or CSB thereis AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCCS
verseCeilKOAONeCIBIMHTwithKOAsometimes
forKOAO and MH, MHTP or MHTPO forMHT.
is alwaysthe second,the first
The denomination
coinsof Gordianand Tranfor
the
reserved
being
quillinatogether.
*119. (20) 25-28mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev. BustofTyche,r.; above,
ramr.
120. (13) 26-29mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*121. (14) 25-27mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*122. (9) 24-27mm.Head1.,laur.
Rev. Same.
GordianIII and Tranquillina
242-March,244
*123. (2) 30mm. AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANON CABTPANKVAAINANC£B Bustsconfronted.
Rev.CSIIKOAONSCIBIMHTPO Tycheseated1.;above,
ram1.

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DURA HOARDS

39

Philip,Sr.
249
247-October,
The BritishMuseumdoes not attemptto disbetweenPhilipSr. and PhilipJr.on these
tinguish
issues,butthedivisionheremadeseemsto be borne
out by theportraits.The obverseinscription
(for
AIIÏÏIOCboth)is invariablyAVTOKKM10YAI<î>I
C£B (AùroKp&Tùìp
'IoóXtos
Kmcap M&picos
usedinAntioch
ScjSaorós).Sincethisis tfieformula
of Philip'sthirdand fourth
Conwithtetradrachms
sulship(248,249)andsincePhilipJr.alwaysappears
at Nesibias Augustus(247 according
to Liebenam)
I assumethat all theseissuescomefromthe last
notbefore247.21
yearsofthereign,certainly
The reverseinscription
for both Philips and
Otacilia is IOVCSIIKOAQNeCIBIMHT showing
thatPhiliphad givenhis nameto the colony(and
reformed
itsspelling).The onlyvariaincidentally
tionis in the case of No. 128wherethefinalT is
omitted.
*124. (11) 25-29mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Tetrastyle
templewithin
whichTyche seated facing;
aboveherhead,ramr.; at her
rivergodr.
feet,
*125. (2) 25-27mm.Bust1.,laur.withshield.
Rev. Same
*126. (16) 25-27mm.Bust1.,rad.
Rev. Same.
» cf.Hoards
I, II,pp.30f.

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40

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
Otacília

249
247-October,
*127. (14) 25-28mm.Bustr.oncrescent.
Rev. Same.
128. (1) 27mm. Same.
river
Rev.Similar,
butwithout
god.
Philip Jr.
249
247-October,
*129. (4) 25-27mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Sameas No. 124.
*130. (29) 24-27mm.Bust1.,rad.
Rev.Same.
SINGARA
GordianIII
242-March,244
The cityofSingaraissuedmoneyonlyduringthe
lastyearsofGordianIII. As theeasternmost
mint
in Mesopotamiait represents
thefullextentof his
campaignagainstthe Persiansand thereis little
doubtthatthesecoinswerechiefly
intended
to make
clearthe Emperor'scontrolof thewholeregionso
recently
reconquered.But it is unlikelythat the
strikingwas actually done on the spot. The
extreme
betweenthecoinsofSingaraand
similarity
thoseofNesibiis proofthatthesamehandscutthe
ofstyleis strikingly
illustrated
dies,andtheidentity
by themulesof No. 139wherea secondobverseis

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DURA HOARDS

41

used by mistakefor a reverse. They are here
to Singaraonlyon thegroundthatthere
attributed
are moreof Gordiani coinsfromSingarain this
hoardthanfromNesibibutthereis no possibleway
of tellingwheretheyweresupposedto circulate.
It maybe thatthedieswerecutin Nesibiand sent
to Singara,but it seemsmoreprobablethat the
in theformer
town.
pieceswereactuallyminted
is exactlythesame
Gordianiobverseinscription
as at Nesibi. The reversetypediffers
onlyin the
fortheramoverTyche's
ofSagittarius
substitution
is AVPC£IIKOACINhead. Thereverse
inscription
TAPA. The title AůprjXla
presumablyrefersto
orLuciusVerus.
MarcusAurelius
*131. (39) 24-29mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.BustofTyche,r.; above,
r.
Sagittarius,
*132. (39) 25-28mm.Headr.frad.
Rev.Same.
*133. (7) 25-27mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same.
*134. (9) 25-28mm.Bust1.,laur.
Rev. Same.
mm.
Bust1.,rad.
25-27
*135. (7)
Rev.Same.
Tranquillina
244
242-October,
*136. (13) 25-28mm.CABTPANKVAAINAC6B
Bustr.
Rev.Same.

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42

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

GordianIII and Tranquillina
244
242-October,
as
at
the
Here,
Nesibi,
Emperorand Empress
togetherappear on the firstdenomination.The
is thesame.
obverseinscription
*137. (37) 30-33mm.Bustsconfronted,
Gordian
laur.
Rev.Tycheseated 1., above,
1.
Saggitarius
*138. (2) 33mm. Bustsconfronted,
Gordian
rad.
Rev. Same.
*139. (3) 27mm.

BustofGordian,
r.,laur.
Rev.BustofTranquillina
r.

SAMOSATA
Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
*140. (2) 24-25mm.AVTKMAVANTG)NINHead
r.,laur.
Rev. Inscription
upbeginning
per r. [$CAMO] CATS(ONMHTP[KOMMA]Tycheseated1.,holding
eagle.B. M. Gal.,
p. 120,No.39.
*141. (1) 27mm.

AVTKAIMAPAC£[ANTQN£IN]OC Busti.,rad.
Rev.CAMOCATSQN Tyche
seated 1., beneath,Pegasus
1. B. M. Gal.,p. 121,
running
No. 40.

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DURA HOARDS

43

ZEUGMA
AntoninusPius
July10,138-March7, 161
142. (1) 23mm. Inscription
illegible.Head 1.,
laur.
Rev.SsrrM ATeCONe Tetrastyletemplewithperíbolos,
all in laurelwreath. B. M.
Gal., p. 125,No. 6.
Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
*143. (1) 35mm. MATAN TQNIN Head r.,
laur.
Rev.SSVrM AT6ÜN Tetrastyle templewith períbolos.
r. B. M.
Beneath,
capricorn,
Gal.,p. 127,No. 24.
Philip,Jr.
249
247-October,
The coinsofPhilipandhisfamily
fromSamosata,
all beara strongresemblance
Zeugmaand Cyrrhus
to thosefromAntioch. Theircloseconnection
to
oneanotheris provenbyB. M. Gal., p. 129,No. 43
wherean obversedieusedona coinofZeugmais the
same as that on p. 123, No. 59, fromSamosata.
It seemslikelythatall thesecoinswerestruckat
Antiochand thendistributed
to the othercities.
If not,thenat leastthesamedie-sinkers
musthave
been employed.Since the obverseinscription
of

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44

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

both Philips, AVTOKKMIOVAIOIAIIÏÏIOCCeB
comesnotbefore247at AntiochandsincePhilipJr.
at thethreeothercities
appearsalwaysas Augustus
it is reasonableto supposethathere,as at Nesibi
(cf.above,p. 39) thewholeissuecomesafter247.
144. (1) 29mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev.ZSVrMATSQN Tetrain
styletemplewithperíbolos;
ex.capricorn,
r.

145. (1) 29mm.

Same.
Rev.Same,butS forZ.
CYRRHUS

AntoninusPius
July10,138-March7, 161
146. (2) 24mm. - K6CA- Headr.,laur.
Rev.Inscription
Zeus
illegible.
Kataibates,wearinghimation
overlowerlimbsandshoulders,
seated1.onrock;inr.,thunderbebolt;1.holdslongscepter;
forehim,eagle. B. M. Gal.,
p. 134,Nos.9 f.
Marcus Aurelius
March7, 161-March17,180
This mightbe a coinof Pius,Verus,Commodus,
or evenTrajan,but the verylittleof the obverse
thatcan be seenis mostsuggestive
of Marcus.

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DURA HOARDS
147. (1) 27mm.

45

Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
obliterlaur.,almostentirely
ated.
Rev.Inscription illegible.
Sametype.cf.B. M. Go!., pp.
134f.,Nos.11ff.

Lucius Vērus
March7, 161-February,
169
148. (1) 24mm.

Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur.
Rev.- BATOVSame
type.cf.B. M. Gal.,pp. 135f.
Nos. 19 ff.

Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
thecoinis badlycorroded,
thereverse
Although
theobverse
typeis unmistakable.But,as certainly,
is notPhilip,butis eitherCaracalla,Elagabalusor
SeverusAlexander.The secondis themostlikely.
149. (2) 29-30mm.Inscription
illegible.Bustr.,
laur.
Rev.In ex.- HC - Hexastyle
temple withinwhich Zeus
wearKataibates
seatedfacing,
in r., thundering himation;
at hisfeet,
bolt;in 1.,scepter;
eagle.

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46

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
Otacília

249
247-October,
For the date, cf. the remarkson Philip,Jr.,at
Zeugma,above,pp. 44 f.
150. (I) 28mm. Inscription
illegible.Bustr.
OV In ex.
Rev.- A
KTPHCTCONSametype.cf.
B. M. Gal.,p. 137.
HIEROPOLIS
AntoninusPius
July10,138-March7, 161
151. (1) 22mm. Inscription
illegible. Bust r.
Obscure.
Rev. Oe[ACCVP]/IAC[iePOcf.B. M.
nO] inlaurelwreath,
Gal.yp. 141,No. 27.
Lucius Verus
169
March7, 161-February,
152. (1) 21mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
rad.
Rev. 06ACCVPI/ACI8POno/e in laurelwreath,cf.B.
M. Gal.,p. 142,No. 33.
Caracalla
8, 217
February4, 211-April
Headr.
153. (2) 25-27mm.Inscription
illegible.
Rev.Inscription illegible.

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DURA HOARDS

47

Atargatisridingr. on lion.
Obscure.B. M. Gai.,p. 144,
Nos.51f.
Severus Alexander
March11,222-March19,235
154. (1) 30mm. Inscription
illegible.Bustr.,
laur.
Rev.- ITQN Atargatis
seated r.; on eachside of throne,
lion.B. M. Gal.,p.145,No.55.
ANTIOCH
Autonomous
49-16B. C.
This is a contemporary
which must
forgery,
have beenplated,of thoseimitations
of
originally
the coinsof PhilipPhiladelphus
whichconstituted
the firstRomanissuesfromthe mintof Antioch.
The serieswas first
identified
by Newellin a paper
entitled"The Pre-ImperialCoinage of Roman
Antioch,"Num.Chron
., 1919,pp. 69-113,and the
FifthDura Hoard,whichhepublished
(Num.Notes
& Monogr.,No. 58, 1933),containsfifteen
of the
The date on thisforgery
is
genuinetetradrachms.
illegibleand it mightbelongto any year of the
series,thoughits appearancesuggeststhat it is
laterthan31/0B. C.
*155. (1) 26mm.

Headr.diad.
Rev.[BA2IAEQ2 $IAI]IIIIOT in twoperpendicular
lines

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48

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
onther.[EnjIOANOTS^IA]AAEA[$OY]intwoperpendicularlinesonthe1.ZeusNicephorusseated1.;beneaththrone,
A
Domitian

14,81-September
18,96
September
156. (2) 26-28mm.Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur. Countermark,
Athena
r.
standing
Rev. SC in laurelwreath.B.
M. Gal.,p. 180,No. 242.
157. (1) 25mm. Inscription
illegible.Head 1.,
laur.
• Rev. Same. B. M. Gal.,p. 181,
Nos.245ff.
AntoninusPius
July10,138-March7, 161
*158. (1) 22mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur.
Rev.SC; beneath,0, all in
laurelwreath.B. M. Gal.,p.
189,No. 318.
Marcus Aurelius
March7, 161-March17,180
159. (1) 21mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur. Obscure.
Rev.SC; beneath,Z, all in
laurelwreath.B. M. Gal.,p.
191,Nos. 340f.

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DURA HOARDS

49

Macrinus
8, 218
April11,217-June
Headr.,laur.
19-21
MOCM
mm.
160. (2)
Rev.SC; above, A, beneath,
£,all in laurelwreath.B. M.
Gal.,p. 198,Nos.383f.
*161. (3) 20-21mm.AVTKMOC6MAKPINOC
Head r.,laur.
Rev.Same,but wreathornamentedby star. B. M. Gal.,
p. 198,Nos.386f.
Diadumenianus
8, 218
April11,217-June
162. (1) 18mm. Inscription
illegible. Bust r.
In field,
SC.
Rev.Same. cf.B. M. Gal.,p.
201,No. 413.
Elagabalus
May 16,218-March11,222
of
Elagabalus struckin threedenominations,
thetypesofMacrinusand
whichthethirdcontinues
whilethe firstand secondintroDiadumenianus,
ducethenewtypeoftheseatedTyche. The old SC
reversewhichhad begununderAugustusas the
firstdenominationhad been growingsteadily
smallerand the Tychereverseof Elagabaluswas
designedas a reformto give Antiochbronzeof
respectablesize once more. Doubtless it was
simultaneouswith the strikingof big coins at

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50

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

Edessa. The thirddenomination,
therefore,
may
actuallyhavebeenthefirstissue,laterreplacedby
of
thelargerpieces,butoneor otherofthevarieties
littlecoinsmaywellhave beenstruckthroughout
so thatitis safernottoassumea difference
thereign,
in timeon thesegrounds.However,Nos. 163and
164whichdo notbearthetitle"Metropolis"may
an earlyissuebeforethat titlewas conrepresent
ferred.
readsAVTKAIMAPAVPThe obverseinscription
variations:
ANTQNSINOCCSBwiththe following
AV forAVT,K forKAI, M and MAforMAP,A and
AV forAVP,ANTQNINOCforANTQNSINOC,C
and Ce forCSB.22
is ANTIOX8ÛNMHTKO
The reverseinscription
withM, MH,MHTP,MHTPOand MHTPOIIoccurringforMHT, and K, KOA and KOAQforKO.
FirstDenomination
thetitle11
Without
Metropolis11
*163. (1) 35mm. Head r.,laur.
Rev.ANTIOXS[QN KOJAQNIAC Tyche1.;above,ram1.
In field
SC andAS.
*164. (1) 35mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.- KOAQNIA Same
type.
**Thecoins
inLatin
with
theobverse
(B.M.Gal.,
inscription
p.
to Laodicea-ad-Mare.
arebetter
attributed
205,Nos.447-450)
231.
Dr.
Clemens
that
No.
Bosch,
however,
Cf.below,
suggests
TheTemples
inCyprus.
Cf.Westholm
were
struck
ofSoli,
they
135.
p.

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DURA HOARDS

51

Withthetitle"Metropolis"
mm.Headr.,laur.
31-35
*165. (11)
Rev. Same type. In field,1.,
star.
*106. (3) 31mm. Head1.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*167. (5) 32-35mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev. Same type,but crescent
1.
ofstarinfield,
instead
168. (1) 33mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*169. (41) 31-35mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev.Same type, symbolin
field
illegible.
SecondDenomination
170. (1) 26mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev. Same type. In field,1.,
star. Ramabsentorillegible.
*171. (12) 24-27mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev. Same typebut no ram
in field.
above;no symbol
*172. (1) 27mm. Head1.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*173. (1) 25mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tycheseatedr. In field
SC and AS No ramabove.
ThirdDenomination
*174. (17) 18-20mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev. SC; above, AS; below
spread eagle, all in laurel
wreath.

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52

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*175. (8) 19-22mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
176. (1) 20mm. Head1.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*177. (2) 19-20mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Similar. Wreathornamented
bystar.
*178. (1) 20mm. Head1.,rad.
Rev.Same.
179. (2) 18mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev. SC; aboveA,beneath,6
all inlaurelwreath.
180. (1) 19mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
Severus Alexander
March11,222-March19,235
Thereare threeissuesunderAlexander,
thefirst,
a continuation
oftheseatedTychetypeofElagabalus, the secondwiththe groupof Tychecrowned
discussedabove, pp. 5 f., and the thirdwiththe
bustof Tychewhichis continuedon the coinsof
Philip. All Alexander'spieces are of the first
denomination.
The obverseinscription
AVTKAIMAPAVCSAASEANAPOCCSshowsthefollowing
variations:AV
forAVT,KAIC forKAI,AVPforAV.C£0 forCS or
C£ omitted.The reverse
is thesameas
inscription
thaton thefirst
denomination
ofElagabalusandexhibitsthe same variations;in additionKOAQN
sometimes
appearsforKOA on thethirdissue.

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DURA HOARDS

53

FIRSTISSUE
*181. (10) 31-35mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tyche1.; above,ram 1.
In fieldSC and AS and to 1.,
star.
*182. (3) 32-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same type,but crescent
instead
ofstarinfield,
1.
Bust
laur.
32-35
mm.
183. (10)
r.,
Rev.Same,symbolin fieldillegible.
*184. (1) 34mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tycheseated,turnedto
r.; above,ram1.; in fieldSC
andAS.
ISSUE
SECOND
*185. (17) 31-34mm.Head r.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.; to r. Emperor
her;to 1.Tychewith
crowning
rudderand cornucopia.
*186. (7) 31-34mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
187. (3) 32-34mm.Headr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*188. (1) 33mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*189. (4) 32-34mm.Bust 1., laur.; sceptreover
shoulder(Not spearas given
inB. M. Gal.,p. 209,No.483).
Rev.Same.

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54

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

THIRDISSUE
*190. (19) 30-35mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.BustofTycher.; above,
ramr.; infield,
SC andAS.
Julia Mamaea
March11,222-March19,235
The obverseinscription
is IOVAIA MAMSA CSBACTH
The reverses
are thoseofAlexander.
firstissue
*191. (1) 32mm. Bustr.
Rev.Tyche1.;above,ram1.;in
SC and AS
field,
192. (1) 32mm.

Bustr.
Rev. Same type; in field,1.,
star.

THIRDISSUE
193. (2) 32-33mm.Bustr.
Rev.Bustof Tycher.; above,
ramr.; in field,
SC and AS
Philip,Sr.
249
March,244-October,
Thereare two issuesforPhilipand his family,
and by reverse
distinguished
by obverseinscription
inHoardsI, II,
andtype. As determined
inscription
AVTOKKMIOTAIí>IAinnOCCSB
pp.30f.,theform
comesnot earlierthan 247. The bronzeswhich

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DURA HOARDS

55

bear thatinscription
wouldthenbe of the second
issue,likethoseof PhilipJr.as Augustuswiththe
, same inscription. On these pieces the reverse
inscriptionreads ANTI0X6ÛN MHTPOKOAQN
and thereis a starunderthebustofTyche(though
thereareexceptions,
e. g. No. 203,Pl. IX).
The firstissue, then,consistsof those pieces
withoutthe star beneaththe bust of Tyche,on
ends KOAQ and the
whichthe reverseinscription
obverseinscription
readsAVTOKKMAIOYA$IAlIInOCCSB (like myobverseB, Hoards I, II, p. 33,
exceptthatthebronzereadsMA forM). Neither
offers
obversenorreverseinscription
any variation
is
reversed
that
the
S
of
SC
(cf.
occasionally
except
No. 194,Pl. VIII).
FIRSTISSUE
244-246
*194. (9) 29-35mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. BustofTycher.; above,
ramr. In field,
SC andA£
*195. (5) 29-31mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
ISSUE
SECOND
247-249
*196. (22) 28-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same, but star beneath
bust.
197. (10) 30-32mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same.

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56

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*198. (9) 27-32mm.Bust1.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*199. (4) 28-30mm.Bust 1., laur.,spear over r.
shieldon 1.arm.
shoulder,
Rev. Same.
*200. (6) 30-31mm.Busti.,rad.
Rev.Same.
201. (1) 29mm. Bust1.,rad.withshield.
Rev.Same.
*202. (2) 30mm. Bust 1.,rad. withspearheld
forward
and shieldon 1.arm.
Rev.Same.
*203. (1) 29mm. Bust1.rad.,r.arm(?) raised.
Rev. Sameinscription
andtype,
butnostar.
204. (2) 32-34mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Type and inscription
of
first
issue.
205. (4) 30-33mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Type and inscription
of
firstissue(Nos. 204,205 are
mules,firstissue
undoubtedly
reverses
usedagainwithsecond
issueobverses).
Philip,Jr.
249
March,244-October,
issuePhilip,Jr.appearsas Caesarwith
On thefirst
the inscriptionMAPIOVAI$IAIIIIIOCKAICAP
On the secondhe is Augustuswiththeinscription
AVTOKKMIOVAI«ï>I
AII1IIOCCSB identical with

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DURA HOARDS

57

thatof his father. Reversetypesand inscriptions
arethoseof theelderPhilip.
FIRSTISSUE
244-246
*206. (13) 29-33mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.BustofTyche,r.
SECOND
ISSUE
247-249
Headr.,laur.
Rev.Same, but star beneath
bust.
*208. (44) 28-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*209. (5) 30-32mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same.
*207. (4) 30mm.

Philip Sr., and Jr.
SECOND
ISSUE
247-249
*210. (3) 29-30mm.AVTOKKMIOVAI<MAIIInOI C8B Bustof Philip,Sr.
bustofPhilip,
r.,laur.;facing
Jr.1.,rad.
Rev.Same.B. M. Gal.,p. 216,
Nos. 535f.
211. (1) 30mm. Sameinscription.
Bustsjugate,
Philip,Sr. rad.PhilipJr.laur.
Rev. Same. B. M. Gal.,p. 216,
No. 537.

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58

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
Otacília

249
March,244-October,
Otacíliaappearson bothissues;on thefirstwith
theinscription
MAPQTAKIACSOVHPANCS
(Máp*ÇXtolkCKux.v
Kuxv
2 eovfļpav
; on thesecondwith
Heßavrtip)
MAPÛTAKIAIC60THPANC6B.23
FIRSTISSUE
244-246
*212. (5) 30-31mm.Bustr.oncrescent.
Rev. BustofTycher.
213. (1) 31mm. MAPÛTAKIAC6HPANC6B
(sic) Bustr.oncrescent.
Rev.Same.
SECOND
ISSUE
247-249
214. (1) 31mm. Bustr.,on crescent.
Rev. Same, but star beneath
bust.
Trajan Decius
October,249-May,251
The suggestion
madein HoardsI, II, p. 40 that
coinswiththe inscription
AVTKTM£KVASKIOCTPAIANOCCSBprecedethosewithAVTKTM£KVnThisdoesnotagree
with
thereadings
onB. M.Gal.,p. 217,
Nos.543-545.
There
thesecond
hasKIAfor
issue
KlAl(No.543)
while
theother
twopieces
haveC forC£ These
arepresumably
ofthefirst
forthereverse
endsKOAQthough
issue,
inscription
issaidoftheabsence
ofthestar.
nothing

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DURA HOARDS

59

TPAIANOCASKIOCC6Bfindssomesupportfrom
the bronze,forthe reversetypewiththe bustof
ofPhilip's,bearsthe
Tyche,whichis a continuation
formerlegend,while that with Tyche withina
bearsthe latter.24
temple,whichis an innovation,
The reverseinscription
of bothissuesis ANTIOXBQN MHTPOKOAQN
FIRSTISSUE
*215. (2) 30-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. BustofTyche,r.; above,
ram r.; beneath,star. In
fieldSC and AS.
SECOND
ISSUE
216. (1) 30mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Tetrastyletemple,surmountedby ram r.; within,
Tyche,facing.
Z.
*217. (1) Tetradr. Bustr.,laur.;beneath,
Rev.AHMAPX8EOVCIAC
Spreadeagle,headr.,on palm
branch. In ex. SC. HoardI,
Nos. 464f,
EMISA
AntoninusPius
July10,138-March7, 161
*218. (1) 24mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur.
24Thatis,itdoessoonB. M.Gal.,
p.222,Nos.600f. Onthe
here
illegible.
published
(No.216)itisunfortunately
piece

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60

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
Rev.[SM]ICHNG)N On sacredstoneofElagabal,eagler.,
head 1., wreathin beak; in
field,
r.,B Cf.B. M. Gal., p.
237,No. 1.

Julia Domna
216
*219. (1) 26 mm. Inscription
illegible.Bustr.
Rev.- NKOAQN Greatalabove to r.; in
tar, crescent
ex. HK$ Cf.B. M. Gal.,p.
238,No. 12.
Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
220. (1) 21mm. Head r.,laur. Almostobliterated.
Rev.Agonisticurn or crown
inform
oftiara;inex.ITV0IA
Badly corroded. cf. B. M.
Gal.,p. 240,No.21'Rev.Num.,
1905,p. 95; 1906,p. 150,No.
15.
GABALA
Caracalla
February4, 211-April8,217
221. (1) 27mm. AVKAIMA- Head r.,laur.
Rev.TABAASCONTychein
chiton,peplos and modius
seated1.on throne;
in r.,rud-

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DURA HOARDS

61

der;in 1.,cornucopia.Cf. B.
M. Gal., p. 245,No. 14.
Macrinus
April8, 217-June 8, 218
*222. (1) 27mm. AVTKMOIIMAKPINOHead
r.,laur.
Rev. Same. Cf.B. M. Gal.,p.
246,No. 20.
LAODICEA-AD-MARE
Trajan
115
CTKAI- Headr.,laur.
*223. (1) 26 mm.
Rev.IOVAI£0)NT(i)NKA
Bustof Tycher.; in field,r.,
IOV B. M. Gal.,p. 253,Nos.
42-44.
AntoninusPius
141
224. (1) 25mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur.
Bust
Rev.Inscription
illegible.
ofTyche,1. B. M. Gal.,p. 255,
Nos.61-63.
225. (1) 24mm. Inscription
illegible.Head 1.,
laur.
Rev.Same.B. M. Gal.,p. 255,
Nos.65f.
male
226. (1) 24mm. Same. Countermarked
headr.

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62

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*227. (1) 24mm.

Rev. Same.B. M. Gal.,p. 255,
No.64.
- 6INOC Bust 1. laur.
Countermarked
maleheadr.
Rev. IOVAieO)NSame
r.,HIIP
type. In field,

142
228. (2) 25-26mm.Inscription
illegible.Head 1.,
laur.
jRev.Inscription
Same
illegible.
type;in field,1.,KAC r., KP
B. M. Gal.,p. 256,Nos.67f.
SeptimiusSeverus
4, 211
May, 193-February
229. (1) 23mm. Inscription
illegible.Bearded
headr.
Rev.Inscription
Wolf
illegible.
Romulusand Rer., suckling
mus. (Plausiblebut notcertain.) Cf.B. M. Gal.,p. 259,
No. 91.
Caracalla
8, 217
February4, 211-April
230. (1) 23mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur.Obscure.
Rev.Inscription
Head
illegible.
ofTycher. Obscure.Cf.B. M.
Gal.,p. 259,No. 88.

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DURA HOARDS

63

Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
*231. (1) 21mm. IMPCMAVRHeadr.,laur.
Rev.AS; beneath,
star;all in
laurelwreath.Cf. above,p.
50,n. 22.
*232. (1) 17mm. - AVRAN- Headr.,laur.
Rev.LADI Withindistyle
bustofTyche,r. In ex.
shrine,
AS B. M. Gaļ.tp. 261,Nos.
101-103.
SELEUCIA PIERIA
Caracalla
8, 217
February4, 211-April
233. (1) 21mm. Inscription
illegible.Bustr.,
laur.
ThunRev.Inscription
illegible.
on
withfillet
attached,
derbolt,
cushion
placedonstool.B. M.
Gal.,p. 276,Nos.53ff.
Severus Alexander
March11,222-March19,235
*234. (1) 33mm. - APA- Bustr.,laur.
Rev.[C£]AETKSQNII[ Sacred stone of Zeus Kasios
withinhexastyle
templewith
eagleon pediment.Doublestruck.B. M. Gal.,p. 277,No.
58.

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64

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

DAMASCUS
Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
*235. (1) 27mm. Inscription
illegible.Bustr.,
laur.
Rev.Wreath,withinwhich,
C8BA/CMIAaroundit, inA
unbeneath,
scription,
certainsumbol. Badly corroded.B. M. Gal.,p. 286,No.
21.
ARADUS
Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
236. (1) 27mm. -A - Bustr.,laur. In oval
countermark
APA/AOT
Rev. Cypress;
to 1.,lionr.; to
r., bull1. (onlyone hornvisible); behindlion, standard.
Date illegible. Cf. B> M.
Phoen.,
p. 49,Nos.383-385.
TRIPOLIS
Elagabalus
June8, 218-March11,222
*237. (2) 23-24mm.Headr.
Rev.- TQN Altarof Zeus
altar in
Hagioswithflaming
center,statues of sun and
moonto 1. and r. B. M.
Phoen.,p. 222.

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DURA HOARDS

65

TARSUS
Commodus
March17,180-Dec.31, 192
*238. (1) 33mm. [AAI]AAVPH[KOMOAOCC£] Bustr.,laur.
Rev.TAPCOV MHTPO[IIOA£QC] Facade of decast
yle
templein centerof which
pellet; in pedimentspread
eagle,head r.; on architrave
KOMOA6IOC; in ex., AICNSQKOPOV B. M. Lycaonia,
p. 192,No. 169.
AEGEAE
Severus Alexander
*239. (1) 38mm.

230/1
- PC6TAA6EANAPHeadr.frad.
A
Rev.[CSVAAPIA]A£EAN
1.metby
POVn Galleysailing
fourpersons:above, spread
eagle,head1.,beneathwhich,
ZOC (277= 230/1
A. D.). In
third
ex.(thelower
ofthecoin)
[A]irsAi(ONMen© (Mok^vaá¡ebytvìis
irurri)
Oco^tXi
fa ImG.M.,p. 704,No.
hoof-Blumer,
549)Inv.Wad.,No. 4083. Rev.
Num.,1898,p. 152. Pl. IV,20.
Cf. AÛP6A CITOV TAPCQ
Num. Chron
Rostovtzeff,
.,

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66

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
1900,pp. 96 ff.(esp. p. 101)
Cornshipfrom
Egypt.

CYPRUS
Julia Domna
8, 217
May 193-April
*240. (1) 33mm. IOVA AOMNA CSR28(sic)
Bustr.
Rev.KOI[NONKVIIPI]QN
Temple of Aphroditewith
courtin front;in court,one
oblongand two globularobjects. Cf.B. M. Cyprus,
p. 86,
No. 57. Cf. also Westholm
TheTemples
ofSoli, pp. 162f.
theobjectsareexplained
where
as a terrace
andaltars.
Caracalla
8, 217
February4, 211-April
241. (1) 30mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev. Inscription
Same
illegible.
, p. 87,Nos.
type.B. M. Cyprus
60-63.
CAESAREA
AntoninusPius
July10,138-March7, 161
242. (1) 25mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.t
laur.
88Thisform
inthedateoncoins
ofB occurs
ofNeo-Caesarea
Itwasmistaken
andReinach
for
(Nos.335ff.
below).
byBabelon
a form
ofdigamma.

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DURA HOARDS

67

Rev.Inscription illegible.
MountArgaeus. Cf. Sydenham,TheCoinage
of Caesarea
in Cappodocia,
p. 83,Nos.309
f.,p. 84,No. 315.
Marcus Aurelius
March7, 161-March17,180
243. (1) 20mm. Inscription
illegible.Head r.,
laur.
Rev. Inscription illegible.
MountArgaeus. Cf. Sydenham,p. 87,No. 337.
Lucius Verus
169
March7, 161-February,
244. (1) 21mm. Inscription
illegible. Mount
Argaeus. Cf. Sydenham,
pp.
90f.,Nos.359-361.
Severus Alexander
225
*245. (1) 26mm. - CS - Bustr.,laur.
Rev.- KAICAPI Agalmaof
MountArgaeuson altar. In
ex.STA Cf.Sydenham,
p. 123,
No. 557.
*246. (1) 21mm.

227
CSOVHAASEANAP
[AVK]
Headr.,laur.
Rev.M* P KAIC Three
double
earsofcorntiedtogether.

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68

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
In field,
STÇ Cf.Sydenham,
p. 125,Nos.570ff.
AMASIA
SeptimiusSeverus
206
October,205-October,

The date for this issue which Babelon and
Reinach26
assign to 208/9is discussedin Dura
Rep. VII-VIII, p. 413. It is thereshownthatthe
fivePontictowns,Amasia,Comana,Neo-Caesarea,
and Zela struckmoney
Sebastopolis-Heracleopolis
in
and
Amasia and Zela
205/6
simultaneously
againin 206/7.The date£T (irovs)CH27sometimes
in thefieldr.,or
is placedin theexergue,
sometimes
it is written
reversed.
1.and r. Sometimes
The normalobverseinscription
is AVTKAIACSIITCSOVHPOCCSBforAÔTO/cpàrœp
KataapAoùklos
withthe adEeTTTÍfjLios
SejSaaròssometimes
Heovýpos
ditionof II6P forTleprlvaļļ
beforeC6B, AV instead
ofAVT,K insteadofKAI,CSI! insteadofC8IIT also
occur.
The normalreverseinscription,
AAPCSVANTAMACIACMHNEITPnO for *Aôpiaveta
Hevqpeia2*
1
'AvTcoviviavi)
ta MrçrpóxoXis
Neœnàpos
roö
A/juía
YLpùrr]
a number
ofvariations:
rióiTou29
C£ instead
presents
* Recueil
desMonnaies
Général
d'Asie
2nd
Mineure,
Grecques
Tome
1,pp.31f.
Edition,
I,Fasicule
27CH = 208oftheeraofAmasia
which
inOctober
2B.C.
began
28Itiscurious
that
ontheobverse
isalways
Severus
transliterated
theo,Severea
onthereverse
o.
with
without
the
always
29Thecity's
is discussed
title
Studia
Pontica
byCumont,
III,
110.
p.

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DURA HOARDS

69

ofCSV,AMACIinsteadofAMACIAC,MHT instead
ofMH, N insteadofNS, II orIIPQ insteadofIIP, II
ornON orIITC (sic)insteadof110; sometimes
110is
omitted.
247. (9) 30-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.,withrudder
and
cornucopia.
248. (3) 30-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Caracallaand Geta in
togasclaspinghands.
*249. (11) 29-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Flaming pyre of one
stage.
*250. (11) 29-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Flaming pyre of two
stages.
251. (8) 28-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
eagle,head1.
*252. (1) 33mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
eagle,headandtailr.
*253. (3) 30-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreon whichquadriga,
front.
254. (2) 30-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Emperor
on horseback
1.,
raisingr. hand; beforehim,
seatedcaptive.

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70

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

207
October,206-October,
The typesarein general
ofthoseofthe
repetitions
is thatthedate
previousyear. The onlydifference
is C0.
255. (8) 30-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tychel.fwithrudder
and
cornucopia.
256. (1) 29mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Caracalla and Geta in
hands.
togasclasping
257. (7) 29-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Flamingpyre of two
stages.
258. (1) 28mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Sametype;infield
1.,star.
259. (6)
*260. (9)
261. (4)
262. (1)

Date Illegible
28mm. Bustr.tlaur.
Rev. Tyche1.withrudder
and
cornucopia.
28-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Caracallaand Geta in
togasclaspinghands.
30-32mm.Bustr.řlaur.
Rev. Flaming pyre of two
stages.
31mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreon whichpinewith
littletreeswithberriesto 1.
andr.

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DURA HOARDS
*263. (1) 29mm.
*264. (1) 29mm.

265. (1) 29mm.

71

Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pallasr.,withspearand
shield.
Bustr.,laur. Countermarked
radiatehead,r.
Rev. Emperoron horseback
r.
riding
Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Obliterated.

Julia Domna
206
October,205-October,
whichis nevercomplete
The obverseinscription,
on our coins,wouldhave been IOVAIA AOMNA
C6BACTH thoughthe variantIOVAIA AOMNA
Recueil
AVr CS occursin Waddington
, 2ndEd., I.
is likethat
1. p. 43,No. 62. Thereverse
inscription
ofSeptimius
Severus.
266. (3) 30-33mm.Bustr.
Rev.Tyche1.withrudder
and
cornucopia.
*267. (10) 29-32mm.Bustr.
Rev.Flaming pyre of two
stages.
268. (1) 32mm. Bustr.
Rev.Pallas 1. withspearand
shield.
Caracalla
206
October,205-October,
is AV KAIMAVPANTThe obverseinscription
KctiaapMápicos
ONINOC for AùroKp&Tœp
AůpířjXios

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72

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

1AvtoùvIvos
C6B is added; K appearsin
Sometimes
steadof KAI and AV insteadof AVP The reverse
is likethatofSeptimius
Severus.
inscription
*269. (20) 29-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Tyche1.withrudder
and
cornucopia.
*270. (30) 29-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Flaming
pyreofonestage.
*271. (33) 28-33mm.Bustr.flaur.
Rev.Flaming pyre of two
stages.
272. (4) 31-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreonwhich
eagle,head
1.,tailr.
273. (3) 30-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreonwhich
eagle,head
andtailr.
274. (1) 32mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreonwhich
eagle,head
andtail1.
275. (1) 32mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreonwhich
eagle,head
r. tail 1.
276. (5) 29-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreonwhich
eagle,head
r.,underpediment.Cf.Fig.3,
p. 12.
277. (1) 31mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pyreon whichquadriga,
front.

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DURA HOARDS

73

*278. (3) 28-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreabove whichforepartsof a fourhorseteamin
pairs;to the1. littletreewith
berries.Cf.Fig.5, p. 12.
*279. (1) 31mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pyreof two stages;between the stages, curved
branch.Cf.Fig.2,p. 12.
30-32
mm.
Bustr.,laur.
*280. (2)
Rev.Spreadeagle,headr.,on
deadlimb.
281. (1) 32mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Eagle,headandtailr.,on
deadlimb.
Bustr.,laur.
30-31
mm.
282. (2)
Rev. Pallas 1. withspearand
shield.
30-32
mm.Bustr.,laur.
*283. (3)
Rev.Flamingpyre on base
formed
by two columns;betweenthemC80VHP0V/
O KOC]
BACIASVON/TO[C
M/0[C6VTVX6I] Waddington47,85.
207
October,206-October,
284. (1) 31mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tyche1.,standing
onbase
withwaveanddotpattern.
285. (17) 28-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
and
Rev.Tyche1.withrudder
cornucopia.

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74

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*286, (7) 28-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same;infield,
star.
287. (1) 29-30mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same,without
star.
288. (2) 31mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same;infield,
star.
289. (10) 29mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Caracalla and Geta in
togasclaspinghands.
*290. (4) 28-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Same;infield,
star.
291. (9) 28-32mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same,without
star.
*292. (2) 29-30mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same;infield,
star.
293. (12) 29-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Flaming
pyreofonestage.
*294. (35) 27-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Flaming pyre of two
stages.
*295. (1) 28mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same;in field,
star.
*296. (5) 28-29mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyre on which spread
eagle,head1.
297. (1) 30mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
eagle,headand tail r. To 1.
andr.littletrees,
withberries.

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DURA HOARDS

75

*298. (1) 28mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pyre on whichspread
star.
eagle,head1.;infield,
299. (3) 28-29mm.Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
*300. (3) 29-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreon whichquadriga
facing.
*301. (1) 29mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pyreof two stages;on
first
to1.andr.littletreeswith
berries.
*302. (1) 30mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pallasr., withspearand
shield.
303. (2) 29-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Hades-Serapis
seated1.on
throne;r. hand on head of
1.onscepter.
Cerberus,
*304. (3) 29-30mm.Same.
Rev. Same;infield,
star.
305. (1) 29mm. Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Same,without
star.
*306. (2) 29-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Emperor1., sacrificing
from
pateraon flaming
tripod,
with1.leansonspear.
Date Illegible
307. (57) 29-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tyche1.,withrudder
and
cornucopia.

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76

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

Bustr.,rad.
Rev.Same.
309. (16) 28-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Caracalla and Geta in
hands.
togas,clasping
310. (4) 28-31mm.Bustr.,rad.
jRev.Same.
311. (19) 27-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Flaming
pyreofonestage.
312. (30) 29-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Flaming pyre of two
stages.
313. (1) 29mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Same;on first
stageto 1.
andr.littletreeswithberries.
314. (2) 31mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pyre on which spread
eagle,head1.
315. (5) 29-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Pyre on whichspread
eagle,headandtailr.
316. (2) 29-33mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyre on which spread
eagle,headandtail1.
317. (3) 30-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Pyreon whichbull,his
feet in air; on him,spread
eagle,to 1. of himlittletree
withberries.Cf.Fig.4, p. 12.
318. (5) 28-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Emperor1., sacrificing
from
tripod,
pateraon flaming
with1.leansonspear.

308. (1) 28mm.

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DURA HOARDS

77

319. (2) 30-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. - MHTNS Rivergod
Irisreclining
1.,r. handraised,
inex.sipeicno30
320. (2) 30mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Obliterated.
Geta
206
October,205-October,
Theobverseinscription
is nCeilTirSTACKSCAP
fornófl-Aios
"Eenriólos
riras Kaīaap Sometimes
no
standsforII On onlyonecoincan thetitleAugustus be read. That is No. 334 of whoseinscription
is
onlyC6B can be seen. The reverseinscription
thatofSeptimius
Severus.
321. (3) 29-30mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. Tyche1.withrudder
and
cornucopia.
322. (2) 31-32mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Flaming
pyreofonestage.
323. (1) 30mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
eagle,head1.
324. (4) 29-30mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
eagle,headandtailr.
*325. (4) 30-31mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
eagle,headandtail1.
30ETpetç
thename
ofthetown
(for
"Ipiç)
xóra/uoç
Although
does
notappear,
these
arecertainly
from
Amasia.
A similar
is
type
for
Faustina
theYounger;
Wad.
published
p.37,No.22.

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78

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*326. (4) 30-32mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. Pyreon whichbull,his
feet in air; on him,spread
eagle.
*327. (1) 30mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pyreon whichpinetree;
to1.andr.little
treeswithfruit.
Cf.Fig.1,p. 12.
328. (1) 31mm.

329.
330.
331.
332.
333.
334.

Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. ZeusNicephorus
seated1.,
his1.handon longscepter;
at
hisfeet,
eagle.

Date Illegible
(1) 32mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. Tyche1.,withrudder
and
cornucopia.
(4) 31-32mm.Bustr.fheadbare.
Rev. Flaming
pyreofonestage.
(1) 30mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
eagle,head1.
(1) 31mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pyre on whichspread
pediment.
eagleunder
(1) 31mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pyreon whicheagle (?)
indistinct.
(2) 29-30mm.- C6B Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Pallasr., withspearand
shield.

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DURA HOARDS

79

NEO-CAESAREA
SeptimiusSeverus
205/6
Babelon
Thesecoinsaredated6T("Erous)PMB31
and Reinach{Op. cit.,Tome I, Fasicule1, p. 120,
datedsome
n. 2) mistaking
theformR fordigamma,
at
of them209/10.But R forB is notuncommon
this period. Cf. above, No. 240. The date is
alwaysplacedin theexergue.
is like that of Amasia,
The obverseinscription
withthe samevariations.The reverseinscription
is KOINnONNSOKAIMHTPOforKolvov
roDU6ptov
KOI sometimes
occursinNeoKctur&peux
MrçrpóiroXis
steadofKOIN; KAIC insteadofKAI.
Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Tetrastyle
Ionic temple;
between
sidecolumns,
statues
onbases.
336. (1) 30mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.TetrastyleCorinthian
temple.
337. (3) 29-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev.TetrastyleCorinthian
wallsofcellashowing.
temple;
*338. (2) 30mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev.TetrastyleCorinthian
templewithinwhichfigure
standingon base leaningon
spear.
81PMB» 142oftheeraofNeo-Caesarea
in64/5.
which
began
335. (1) 30mm.

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80

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

*339. (1) 31mm.

*340. (3)
341. (1)
342. (7)
343. (1)

Head r.,laur.
Ionic temple;
Rev.Tetrastyle
betweenthe columns,three
statues
onbases(Graces?).
30mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle
templewithin
in shrine.
whichtrophy
29mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle
templewithin
bust.
radiate
which,
30-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle
details
temple,
obscure.
29mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Same.

Julia Domna
205/6
can be read.
OnlyMNAoftheobverseinscription
was IOVAIA AOMNA
The completeinscription
C6BACTH as at Amasia. The reversesare like
Severus.
thoseofSeptimius
344. (3) 28-29mm.Bustr.
Rev.TetrastyleIonic temple
within
onbase.
which,
figure
345. (1) 28-30mm.Bustr.
Rev. Tetrastyle
Ionic temple.
Caracalla
205/6
is like that at Amasia.
The obverseinscription
are likethoseofSeptimiusSeverus.
The reverses

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DURA HOARDS

81

*346. (4) 28-31mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle
temple.
347. (1) 28mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
348. (2) 29-32mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. TetrastyleIonic temple
withinwhich,on base,figure
with1.onspear,r.hand
leaning
lowered
(holding
globe?).
*349. (2) 31mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Same.
*350. (1) 31mm.
351. (1) 30mm.

352. (1) 30mm.

Bustr.,rad.
Rev. Sametype;between
columnsto 1.andr.,longtorches.
Bustr.,laur.
Rev. TetrastyleCorinthian
templewithinwhich,lighted
altar;wallsofcellashowing.
Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle
Ionic temple;
betweenthe columns,three
statueson bases.

*353. (1) 28mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev. TetrastyleIonic temple
within
onbase,figure
r.
which,
r. handoverhead;
(Artemis?)
1.holdsbow.

354. (1) 33mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle Corinthian
ondoorshowing.
rivets
temple;

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82

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
Geta

205/6
and
T6TA of theobverseinscription
OnlyAC6II
can be read. The complete
waslikethat
inscription
at Amasia. The reverses
arelikethoseofSeptimius
Severus.
*355. (4) 29-31mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. Tetrastyle Corinthian
templewithornamented
door;
cellawallsshowing.
*356. (1) 31mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev,TetrastyleCorinthian
temple,withinwhich,lighted
altar.
*357. (1) 29-30mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. TetrastyleCorinthian
templewithin
which,on base,
with1.onspear;
figure
leaning
r. lowered
(holding
globe?).
*358. (2) 33mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. Same type,but Corinthiantemple;walls of cella
showing.
*359. (1) 30mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. TetrastyleCorinthian
on base,
templewithin
which,
figurer. leaningwithr. on
spear.
360. (1) 29mm. Bustr.,headbare.
Rev. Tetrastyle Corinthian
whichstatueon
templewithin

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DURA HOARDS

83

columnsto
pedestal;between
1.andr.,longtorches.
361. (2) 30-32mm.Bustr.,headbare.
Rev.Tetrastyletemple,obscure.
*362. (1) 29mm.

Headr.,bare.
Rev.Same.
COMANA

SeptimiusSeverus
205/6
The coinsare dated,in the exergue,ST("Etoi;s)
BOP82Of theobverseinscription
onlyKAC6IIC8waslike
OVHcanbe read. The complete
inscription
is I6POthatat Amasia. The reverseinscription
KAICAKOMANS for 'lepéœvKaiaapicovKoļxavloiv
forKAICA
withKAIC sometimes
*363. (1) 31mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle
templewithin
whichradiategoddessfacing
withshieldandclub.

*364. (5) 27-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle
templewithin
which
onit,
baetyloncrescent;
Nikewithpalmandcrown.
« BOP= 172oftheeraofComana
which
in34/5.
began

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84

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
Caracalla

205/6
Oftheobverseinscription
only-AN- canbe read.
The completeinscription
was likethatat Amasia.
Thereverses
arelikethoseofSeptimius
Severus.
365. (5) 28-30mm.Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyle templewithin
which
onit,
baetyloncrescent;
Nikewithpalmandcrown.
366. (1) 31mm. Bustr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyletemplewith
broken pediment. Doublestruck.
Geta
*367. (1) 29mm.

205/6
- - T6[TA K]AI[C] Bust r.,
headbare.
Rev. Tetrastyle
templewithin
which
onit,
baetyloncrescent,
Nikewithpalmandcrown.

SEBASTOPOLIS-HERACLEOPOLIS
Caracalla
206
October,205-October,
The erais thesameas thatofAmasia.
*368. (1) 28mm.

AVKAIMAVPAN
OC
Bustr.flaur.
Rev. Arcadebetween
twotemples. In ex.,HPAKA6/8THC

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DURA HOARDS

85

ZELA
SeptimiusSeverus
206/7
The era is thesameas thatofNeo Caesareaand
thedates in the exergue6TPMB and STPMT are
equivalentto 205/6and 206/7.Theobverseinscripforboth
tionis illegible. The reverseinscription
issuesis ZHAITCONTOV IION
369. (2) 27mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev.Hexastyletemple with
broken
pediment.

Julia Domna
Date Illegible
370. (2) 28-30mm.[IOVJAIA
AOMN[A] Bustr.
Rev. Hexastyletemple with
broken
pediment.
Caracalla
205/6
whichis neverherecomThe obverseinscription,
plete,was the same as that at Amasiawiththe
of0) whichis generally
substitution
additional
given
forÛ The reversesare like thoseof Septimius
Severus.
*371. (3) 29mm.
*372. (1) 29mm.

Headr.,laur.
Rev.Hexastyletemple with
broken
pediment.
Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tetrastyletemplewith

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86

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
centralarch, withinwhich,
altar.

206/7
*373. (5) 28-32mm.Headr.,laur.
Rev. Hexastyletemple with
broken
pediment.
*374. (1) 29mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev. Tetrastyletemplewith
centralarch, withinwhich,
star.
375. (1) 32mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev.Tetrastyletemplewith
arch. In center,
central
grille.
376. (1) 31mm. Headr.flaur.
Rev. Tetrastyletemplewith
centralarch, withinwhich,
indistinct
figure.
Geta
Date Illegible
*377. (1) 27mm. Inscription
illegible.Bust r.,
headbare.
Rev.Hexastyletemple with
broken
pediment.
PONTUS, UNCERTAIN TOWN
SeptimiusSeverus
378. (1) 29mm. Inscription
illegible.Bustr.
Rev.Illegible. Countermark,
radiatehead,r.

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DURA HOARDS

87

PELTAE, PHRYGIA
Caracalla
4, 211-April
8, 217
February
*379. (1) 23mm. MAVANTÜBustr.,rad.
Rev.nSATHNCON
MTPTATAPICONOCTyche l.f wearing calathos,holdingrudder
andcornucopia.
B. M.Phrygia
,
p. 351, No. 26 (neXxiQvwi»
Mouceôôvœp
Tax. 'Aplawos
(<r)TP*
Cf.B. M. Phyrgia
, pp. lxxxvii
f.)
ANTIOCH, PISIDIA
Caracalla
8, 217
February4, 211-April
380. (1) 25mm. IMP CAES
AN- Youthfulhead,r.,laur.
Reo.[GENI]COL[CAES
ANTI]OC[H] Tychestanding
1. wearingkalathos;in r.,
branch;in 1.,cornucopia.B.
M. Lycia, p. 182,Nos.38,40.
MEGARA
Julia Domna
202-205
coins fromtownsin Greeceall
The following
belongto the periodof suddenactivity,under
ofmintsmanyofwhichhad not
Severus,
Septimius

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88

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH

struckfor centuries. It is probablethat these
issuesweresimultaneous.If so, theyare datedby
theappearanceon someof themof Plautilla,who
wasmarried
to Caracallain 202andbanishedin 205.
The references
are to Imhoof-Blumer
and Gardner,
Numismatic
on Pausanias.
Commentary
381. (1) 22mm.

Bustr.
Rev.Asclepius
front,
standing
head1.,withcaduceus.Cf.N.
C.P., 5 A VII
AEGIUM
Geta
202-205

382. (1) 23mm.

T8- Headr.
Rev.Air- Pallas 1.,leaning
on reversed
spearwithr. and
with1.onshieldontheground.
Cf.N. C. P., 87.5 R XX
PELLENE

SeptimiusSeverus
202-205
*383. (2) 22mm.

Bustr.,laur.
Rev.- AHN Athenahelmet
ed r., holdingbeforeher
ovalshield
andthrusting
downwardwithlance.N. C. P., 91.
1S X

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DURA HOARDS

89

THURIA
Geta
202-205
384. (1) 20mm. Bustr.fheadbare.
Rev.Athenahelmeted
1.; in r.
patera, with 1. leaningon
spear.Cf.N. C.P., 65O XXII
GYTHIUM
SeptimiusSeverus
202-205
385. (1) 22mm. - POV- Headr.,laur.
Rev. Hermes
1.;inr.,purse;in
1.,caduceus.N. C. P., 62.10O
VII
*386. (1) 22mm. Headr.,laur.
Rev. Apollonuder.; r. hand
raisedoverhishead;1.handon
trunkof tree. N. C. P., 61.
Cf.N XXIV
A?
CarACALL
202-205
387. (1) 21mm. Headr.
Rev. Apollonude,facing.N.
C.P., 60.1.N XXI
HERAEA
SeptimiusSeverus
202-205
*388. (1) 24mm. -AOVC8IIC Rev. - EQN

Headr.,laur.
Dionysusin

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90

THE EIGHTH AND NINTH
chitonstanding
front,
looking
1.,in r., jug; in 1.,bunchof
grapes.Cf.N. C. P., 103.2T
XXVI
MANTINEA

Geta
202-205
389. (1) 22mm. Headr.,bare.
Rev.Artemisin shortchiton
Cf.N. C.P.,
withtwotorches?
94.2S XVII
THELPUSA
Geta
202-205
*390. (1) 24mm. Busti.
Rev. ©6- Demeter
standing
at
twotorches;
facingholding
altar. Cf.N. C. P.,
1.,flaming
106.1VX
SELEUCID, ANTIOCH
Seleucus III
B. C. 226-222
*391. (1) 14mm. HeadofApollor.,laur.
Rev.[BA2IAEÜ2] 2EA[EVKOV1 Apolloseated 1. on
withbowandarrow.
omphalos
B. M. Sel.,p. 22,Nos.6,7.

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91

DENARII
Severus Alexander
March11,222-March19,235
392. (1) 1.54gr.

I M PCMAVRS EVALEXANDAVG Bustr.,laur.
Rev. PAX AVG Peace running1. CohenIV, p. 420,No.
187.

393. (1) 1.63gr.

Same.
Rev. PMTRPCOSPP Liberty
1.,holding
cap andcornucopia.
CohenIV,p. 423,No.215.

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92

DURA HOARDS

ADDENDA
Afterthismanuscript
was completed,
threecoins
identirejectedas hopeless,werefinally
previously
fiedand shouldbe addedto thelist.
TARSUS
Elagabalus
1. (1) 23 mm. - KAMAVPABustr.,
laur.
Rev. TAPC Apollo,nude,facing. NumismaticChronicle
1872-3,
p. 35.
ANTIOCH, PISIDIA
Julia Domna
22
2. (1) mm. -AVGV- Bustr.
Rev.ANT- Tychestanding
1. withbranchand cornucopia.
Cf. B. M. Lycia p. 181,Nos.
34ff.
3. (1) 21 mm.

Caracalla?
Bustr.,almostobliterated.
Rev.Similar.Cf.B. M. Lycia,
p. 182fétNos.40 ff.

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