ïjQÉàdG ôÑY QGƒ°ûe

áØfCG
óæª∏ÑdG ôjOh

Archaeological Promenade

Enfe
&the Abbey of
Balamand

Enfe

áØfCG

1

1a

1b

Cemetery
Public School

Main Road To Tripoli

2

1c

P
Free Parking

Towards the Site

3
4

10m

50m

100m

Main Road To Beirut

áØfCG

Enfe

º∏c 15 ó©H ≈∏Yh ähô«H øe ∫ɪ°ûdG ≈dEG º∏c 71 ó©H ≈∏Y áØfCG Ió∏H ™≤J
q…ôî°U z∞fCG{ πµ°T ≈∏Y áØfCG IôjõL ¬Ñ°T hóÑJh .¢ù∏HGôW øe ܃æédG ≈dEG
IôàØdG ¿ƒ°†Z »ah .Ω120 »dGƒM ≈°übC’G ¬°VôYh ,Ω400 »dGƒM ¬dƒW ≠∏Ñj
ᣰSGƒH ÅWÉ°ûdG øY IôjõédG ¬Ñ°T π°üa iôL ,á«q Ñ«∏°üdÉH áahô©ªdG ,á«q éfôØdG
±ó¡H ôëÑdG í£°S iƒà°ùe ≈àq M ôî°üdG »a ɪgôØM ºq J ø«ª«¶Y ø«bóæN
.¢SCGôdG ≈∏Y äó«q °To »àdG ᪫¶©dG á©∏≤dG ájɪM

Located on the coast 71km north of Beirut and 15km south of
Tripoli, the town of Enfe is situated on an elongated peninsula
measuring 400m long and with a maximum width of 120m.
It is partially separated from the land by two great trenches
dug into the bedrock during the Crusader period. This lovely,
seaside fishing town is known for its ancient churches and
caves. Today Enfe is also known for its salt production. Close
to Enfe is the Crusader-era Abbey of Balamand, which sits on a
promontory overlooking the sea.

The history of Enfe
Surveys conducted in the region of Enfe have uncovered
prehistoric stone tools dating back to the Middle Paleolithic era
(100,000-35,000 B.C.). However, no evidence has been found
to indicate the presence of an actual human settlement in the
region dating to the Neolithic period.

ïjQÉàdG ôÑY áØfCG
á«îjQÉàÑ≤dG áÑ≤ëdG
,ô°TÉѪdG ÉgQGƒL »a hCG áØfCG »a á«q îjQÉàÑb äÉjq ôØM ájq CG AGôLEG ΩóY øe ºZôdG ≈∏Y
âæµq e 1965h 1945 »eÉY ø«H á≤£æªdG »a â∏°üM »àdG á«q 룰ùdG äÉ«°ü≤àdG
q¿EÉa
q
§°ShC’G ºjó≤dG ôéëdG ô°üY áÑ≤M ≈dEG Oƒ©J »àdG äGhOC’G ¢†©H ≈∏Y Qƒã©dG øe
.ô°VÉëdG øeõdG πÑb Ék Ñjô≤J áæ°S 35 000h áæ°S 100 000 »dGƒM ø«H äqóàeG »àdG
,åjóëdG ôéëdG ô°üY »a ¿É°ùfE’G ¿É£«à°S’ Ók qgDƒe ¿Éc ™bƒªdG ¿CG øe ºZôdG ≈∏Yh
äÉÑ«≤æàdGh äÉ«°ü≤àdG
QɶàfÉH ,ádƒ¡ée âdGR Ée áàHÉãdG ≈dhC’G √õcôªJ ™bGƒe ¿EÉa
q
.᪶àæªdG á«q Lƒdƒ«NQC’G

Enfe in History

ïjQÉàdG »a áØfCG

The first written evidence mentioning Enfe is the Amarna letters
(mid-2nd millennium B.C.), which were sent by the governors of
the coastal Canaanite cities to the Pharaohs of Egypt asking for
help in repelling Amorite intruders (nomad tribes originating from
the middle Euphrates region in the North). Letters written by
Rib Addi, the King of Byblos, specifically mention the Canaanite
city of Enfe (called “Ampi” in the letters) and state that Enfe,
after being occupied by the Amorites, fought with the Amorites
against Byblos.
Enfe was conquered by the Assyrian army in the 7th century
B.C., when it was known as “Anpa.”
Classical archaeological evidence discovered in Enfe, including
tombs containing pottery and coins, indicates that the city
was inhabited during the Greek, Roman, and Byzantine eras.
However, there is not enough evidence to determine the size or
importance of Enfe during the Classical period. Other interesting
archaeological remains from this era include many caves, oil
presses, and vats dug into the bedrock near the shore, as well
as a funerary cave near the Church of Saint Catherine.
Enfe entered its glory days during the Medieval era, and most of
the archaeological and historical monuments that can be seen
today date from this period. Around the 13th century, Enfe was
a small, fortified village surrounded by fertile fields, and it was
famous for its wine production. It was one of the lordships of
the county of Tripoli, governed by French provincial nobles from
the Renoir family. The French Lord was eventually chased out of
Enfe by the Prince of Antioch Bohemond IV, the Lord of Beirut,
and the Genoese, and he took refuge in Cyprus.

(.Ω.¥ á«fÉãdG ∞dC’G) á«fÉ©æµdG áÑ≤ëdG
á«fÉãdG ∞dC’G ¢Uƒ°üf »a OQh Ée ≈dEG ¬ª¶©e »a ™Lôj áØfCG ïjQÉJ øY ¬aô©f Ée ¿EG
πFÉ°SôdG øe áYƒªée »gh ,záfQɪ©dG πJ πFÉ°SQ{ p`H áahô©ªdG ∂∏J ɪ«q °S ’ ,.Ω.¥
»a á«q dhódG á«q °SÉeƒ∏HódG á¨d âfÉc »àdG ájq OÉcC’G á¨∏dÉHh …Qɪ°ùªdG §îdÉH áHƒàµªdG
áYÉb »a πFÉ°SôdG √òg πªëJ »àdG ájq ƒ°ûªdG äGôq LB’G ≈∏Y Qƒã©dG ºJq óbh .ΩÉjq C’G ∂∏J
¢ùdÉéeh ∑ƒ∏e ¿Éch .≈£°SƒdG ô°üe »a áfQɪ©dG πq J »a »µ∏ªdG ô°ü≤dG äÉXƒØëe
≈dEG πFÉ°SôdG ∂∏J ¿ƒ∏°Sôj á≤£æªdG ∑ƒ∏e øe ºgô«Zh á«q fÉ©æµdG äÓjhódG-¿óªdG
ɪ¡fhôÑîj ,¿ƒJÉæNCG-™HGôdG ÖJƒëæeG ¬àØ«∏Nh ¬æHGh ådÉãdG ÖJƒëæeCG ø«fƒYôØdG
øe ø«eƒYóªdG ø«jq QƒeC’G π qNóJ ôKCG ≈∏Y á≤£æªdG »a IóFÉ°ùdG ´É°VhC’G øY É¡«a
.…ô°üªdG PƒØæ∏d á©°VÉN ∑GòfBG âfÉc »àdG á≤£æªdG ¿hDƒ°T »a ø««ãq ëdG
äGôq e IqóY áØfCG ôcP OQh ,π«ÑL ∂∏e ,z…qóY ÜpQ{ É¡∏°SQCG »àdG πFÉ°SôdG √òg ¢†©H »ah
.ɵq °Th √OQCGh ÉbôYh É«°SƒWQCGh OGhQCÉc iôNCG ¿óeh π«ÑL ÖfÉL ≈dEG ,z»�fCG{ ᨫ°üH
»a âcQÉ°T ,¿ƒjq QƒeC’G É¡∏q àMG ¿CG ó©Hh ,z»�fCG{ ¿CG ¬∏FÉ°SQ »a π«ÑL ∂∏e Éfó«Øjh
.º¡ÑfÉL ≈dEG π«ÑL óq °V ÜôëdG
(.Ω.¥ ≈dhC’G ∞dC’G) á«≤«æ«ØdG áÑ≤ëdG
âfÉc …òdG ™°VƒdG áaô©e Ö©°üdG øe ,᪶àæe á«q Lƒdƒ«NQCG äÉÑ«≤æJ ájq CG ÜÉ«Z »a
≈°VƒØdG øe ádÉM »a á≤£æªdG â∏NO ÉeóæY .Ω.¥ á«fÉãdG ∞dC’G ájÉ¡f »a áØfCG ¬«∏Y
hCG IôeÉY áØfCG âfÉc GPEG …Qóf ’h .É¡«dEG zôëÑdG ܃©°T{ p`H ±ôn ©jo Ée ∫ƒNO ôKCG ≈∏Y
Ö≤YCG …òdG ÜGôîdG øe É¡dÉM ≈∏Y â«≤H É¡fq CG hCG ≈dhC’G ∞dC’G äÉjGóH »a ádƒgCÉe
.zôëÑdG ܃©°T{ ∫ƒNO
πFÉ°SQ »a OQGƒdG z»�fCG{ º°SG …RGƒj …òdG zÉ�fCG{ º°SG ¿CG ƒg √ó«cCÉJ øµªj Ée ¿CG ô«Z
Oô°S ¥É«°S »a ¿hqóMô°SCG …Qƒ°TC’G ∂∏ªdG äÉ«q dƒM »a ójóL øe ô¡¶j ,áfQɪ©dG πJ
.Ω.¥ 677 áæ°S Gó«°U áµ∏ªe óq °V ÉgOôq L »àdG á∏ªëdG çGóMCG
á«£fõ«ÑdGh á«fÉehôdGh á«fÉfƒ«dG Ö≤ëdG
øe ºZôdG ≈∏Y ,áØfCG º°SG ÜÉ«Z
o á«q µ«°SÓµdG IôàØdG ¢Uƒ°üf »a ô¶ædG âØ∏j Ée ¿EG
≈≤∏o dG ¢†©H ≈∏Y Qƒã©dG ¿CG ô«Z .á©≤°ûdG ¢SCGQh ¢ù∏HGôW ø«H É¡©bƒe á«q é«JGôà°SG
¢†©H É¡æeh ,Ió∏ÑdG »a áeÉ©dG ™jQÉ°ûªdGh ∫ɪYC’G ¢†©H ò«ØæJ AÉæKCG »a á«q Lƒdƒ«NQC’G
Oƒ©J »àdG äÉcƒµ°ùªdGh äÉjq QÉ qîØdGh øaGóªdG ¢†©H hCG á©°VGƒàªdG á«q fGôª©dG ÉjÉ≤ÑdG
á«q ªgCG ±o ôq ©J ó©H Qòq ©àªdG øe ¿Éc ƒdh ,á∏gBG âfÉc Ió∏ÑdG ¿CÉH ÅÑæjo äGôàØdG ∂∏J ≈dEG
á©bGƒdG ájq ôî°üdG ±hôédG ¿CG ôcòdÉH ôjóédG øeh .¬à©bQ ´É°ùJG hCG ¿É£«à°S’G Gòg
»a IQƒØëªdG á«q æaóªdG ±ƒ¡µdG ¢†©ÑH ôNòJ á«q dÉëdG Ió∏ÑdGh ájq ƒ£°Sƒo dG ¥OÉæîdG ø«H
k ,¢VGƒMCGh äÉÑàYh êGQOCGh ô°UÉ©e ÉjÉ≤H ÖfÉL ≈dEG ôî°üdG
äÉØjƒéàdG ¢†©H øY Ó°†a
.Iô«¨°U äÉ«∏q °üªc ,hóÑj Ée ≈∏Y ,Ω nóînà°ùoJ âfÉc »àdG
á«q æaóªdG ±ƒ¡µdG øe ¬H ¢SCÉH ’ Gk OóY ¿CG ÉjÉ≤ÑdG √òg ¢üëØJ
q ∫ÓN øe hóÑj ∂dòc
øe ôeCG ƒgh .ájq ôî°U á«q æµ°S øcÉeCÉc ÉgójóëJ Ö©°üj á≤M’ äGôàa »a Ω póîào °SG ób
πª©à°ùoJ âfÉc á©Hq ôe hCG á∏«£à°ùe ø«°ù∏J ôn≤fo h äÉÑ«à©J OƒLh ∫ÓN øe ¬aôq ©J π¡°ùdG
.äÉØ«≤°ùdG hCG ±ƒ≤°ùdG πªëJ âfÉc »àdG á«q Ñ°ûîdG äÉ°VQÉ©dG õ«côàd
áHô≤e ≈∏Y ™≤j äGô«éMo çÓK øe ∞dq Dƒe »fÉehôdG ô°ü©dG øe q…õFÉæL ∞¡c ∑Éægh
É¡£°Sh »a πªëJ IôFGóH øjq Ro óbh ,≈∏q °üe ≈dEG ¬∏jƒëJ ºJq ,ÉæjôJÉc á°ùjqó≤dG á°ù«æc øe
.í«°ùªdG ≈dEG ¿Gõeôj ¿É«q fÉfƒj ¿ÉaôM

Enfe in History

ïjQÉàdG »a áØfCG
ájƒ£°�
SƒdG áÑ≤ëdG
n ƒo dG áÑ≤ëdG ¿ƒ°†Z »a
É¡FÉæKCG »a ⪫bCG PEG ,ÉgqõY ΩÉjq CG ôãcCG áØfCG äó¡°T ájq ƒ£°S
¿ÉbóæîdG ’EG É¡æe n≥Ñj ºd »àdG ,á©∏≤dÉc ,á«q îjQÉàdGh á«q Lƒdƒ«NQC’G Ió∏ÑdG ºdÉ©e º¶©e
º°SG ≈∏Y Ωƒ«dG á°Sôq µªdG ¢Sqó≤ªdG ôÑ≤dG á°ù«æch íjôdG Ió«q °S á°ù«æch ,¿Éª«¶©dG
.ÉæjôJÉc á°ùjó≤dG
»àdG ᫪°ùàdG Ö°ùëH zø«Øf{ hCG ,á«q Hô©dÉH GƒÑàc øjòdG ø«jq QÉÑNC’G Ö°ùëH ,ánØfn CG âfÉc
∞°UƒdG ∫ÓN øeh .áæ°üëe
q Iô«¨°U ájôb ,á«q éfôØdG IôàØdG ƒjq QÉÑNCG É¡«∏Y É¡≤∏WCG
∫ƒ≤ëdG ¿CG ø«q Ñàj ,1283h 1212 áæ°S ø«H ÉghQGR øjòdG ádÉMôdG
q ¢†©H ¬côJ …òdG
.á≤£æªdG QƒªN ôîaCG óMCG èàæJ âfÉch É¡àHƒ°üîH RÉàªJ âfÉc É¡H ᣫëªdG ∫ƒ¡°ùdGh
øjòdG QGƒæjQ ∫BG É¡ªµM ¿Éch ,¢ù∏HGôW á«q àfƒc äGó«n °ùen ióMEG πµq °ûJ zø«Øf{ âfÉc
º¡©«ªL Gƒfƒµj ºd ø«Øf OÉ«°SCG ¿CG ó«H .á«q °ùfÉ"hô�dG ô°Sn C’o G RôHCG ióMEG ≈dEG ¿ƒªàæj
Ö∏°ùdGh Ö¡ædG ∫ɪYCG á°SQɪe óq M ≈dEG º¡°†©H ÖgPh ,º¡Jô°SCG ádÉÑf iƒà°ùe ≈∏Y
ô«eCGh ¢ù∏HGôW âfƒc º°V
q ,ºgqó°V ∞dÉëJ Aƒ°ûf ≈dEG ∫ɪYC’G √òg äqOCÉa .¥ô£dG ™£bh
º¡Jó«°ùe Ghô°ùîa ,ø«jq ƒæn édG
n ≈dEG áaÉ°VEG ähô«H ó«q °Sh ™HGôdG ófƒª«gƒH á«cÉ£fCG
.¢UôÑb ≈dEG ådÉãdG QGƒæjQ ,áØfCG ó«q °S Üôgh
In 1282, Enfe was part of one of the greatest plots that marked
the end of the Crusades. The Lord of Byblos, the Genoese, and
the Knights of the Temple (a secret brotherhood established
during the Crusades) rose up against the Count of Tripoli
Bohemond VII, but they were brutally crushed. Bohemond VII
punished the Genoese by blinding them, and he buried alive the
Lord of Byblos and his family in the Fort of Enfe.

ó≤a .á«q éfôØdG IôàØdG ájÉ¡f äõ«q e »àdG äGôeGDƒªdG RôHCG ióMEG áØfCG äó¡°T 1282 áæ°S
.™HÉ°ùdG ófƒª«gƒH ¢ù∏HGôW âfƒc ó°V πµ«¡dG ¿É°Sôah ø«q jƒæédGh π«ÑL ó«q °S ∞dÉëJ
¬JƒNEGh π«ÑL ó«q °S øaOh ø«jq ƒæédG ø«YCG CÉ≤ah ∞dÉëàdG ≈∏Y ô°üàfG ô«NC’G Gòg ¿CG ô«Z
.1283 •ÉÑ°T ô¡°T ájÉ¡f »a ∂dP ¿Éch .áØfCG á©∏b »a AÉ«MCG ¬FÉÑ°ùfCGh

By the end of the 13th century, Tripoli and Enfe were invaded
and destroyed by the Mamluke army. Enfe was completely
forgotten, and the stones of its ruined buildings were used
as building blocks for newer houses. After this time, travelers’
accounts mention Enfe as a ruined and empty city on the road
between Batroun and Tripoli.

ô°ûY ™°SÉàdG ¿ô≤dG ≈àM
�áéfôØdG ô°üY ájÉ¡f òæe ,áØfCG
,áØfCG É¡æ«H øeh ,É¡d á©HÉàdG ¿óªdG º¶©e ô«eóJh Égô«eóJh ¢ù∏HGôW ∫ÓàMG ó©H
ºdh ,AÉæÑdG IQÉéM êGôîà°S’ ™dÉ≤e É¡ªdÉ©e äóZh ¿É«°ùædG ÖgÉ«Z »a Ió∏ÑdG â∏NO
q
.¿hôàÑdG-¢ù∏HGôW ≥jôW ≈∏Y IQƒé¡eh áHn ôN
’EG ÉgôcP ≈∏Y ádÉMq ôq dG päCÉj
p á£ëªc
¿ô≤dG »a ÖfÉLC’G ìÉ«q °ùdGh øjôaÉ°ùªdG ¬«Lƒàd Iqó©ªdG ÖàµdG ¿CG ô¶ædG âØ∏j ɪq eh
.ÉgôcP ≈qàM â∏gÉéJ Ée Ék ÑdÉZ øjô°û©dG ¿ô≤dG äÉjGóHh ô°ûY ™°SÉàdG

Enfe regained some of its previous importance during the 17th
and 18th centuries, when the Church of Saint Catherine was
restored by the local inhabitants, and a new church dedicated to
Saint Simeon and the Archangel Gabriel was built next door.

ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG ø«fô≤dG ¿ƒ°†Z »a QÉgOR’G ¢†©H hóÑj Ée ≈∏Y äó¡°T Ió∏ÑdG ¿CG ô«Z
º«eôàdG ∫ɪYCG ¢†©H AGôLEG ≈dEG áaÉ°VE’ÉÑa .ádƒ¡ée âdGR Ée ÜÉÑ°SC’ ,ô°ûY øeÉãdGh
áLhOõe á°ù«æc É¡æe á«q Hô¨dG á«q HƒæédG á¡édG ≈dEG ⪫bCG ,ÉæjôJÉc á°ùjó≤dG á°ù«æc »a
.π«FÉî«e áµFÓªdG ¢ù«FQh ¿É©ª°S ¢ùjqó≤dG »ª°SG ≈∏Y á°Sôq µe

≈dEG âdƒq ëJ »àdG áØfCG á©∏b ô«eóJ ºJq ,∂«dɪªdG …ójCG »a ¢ù∏HGôW •ƒ≤°S ôKCG ≈∏Yh
.IQÉéëdG êGôîà°S’ ™∏≤e

Visiting the site

™bƒªdG IQÉjR

1– The Fort

áØfCG á©∏b -1

±ôW ≈∏Y â«æHo ó≤a .Ék æ«°üëJ É¡æ°ùMCGh áéfôØdG ´Ób º¶YCG øe áØfCG á©∏b âfÉc
≈∏Y Ék LôH ô°ûY ÉæKG ÉgQƒ°S ºYój ¿Éch .IôjõédG ¬Ñ°T πµq °ûj …òdG …ôî°üdG ¢SCGôdG
-CG1) êhOõe ¥óæN ÅWÉ°ûdG øY á©∏≤dG π°üØj ¿Éch .ΩÉjC’G ∂∏J ádÉMQ
q óMCG ∞°Uh óq M
≈dEG 8 ¬≤ªY ≠∏Ñj ɪ«a ,Gk ôàe 15h 12 ø«H ¬°VôY ìhGôàjh ôàe áÄe ¬dƒW õgÉæj (Ü1
≈∏Yh .Ék Ñjô≤J QÉàeCG áKÓK ƒ∏Y ≈dEG ôëÑdG √É«ªH ¥óæîdG Aπe ¿ÉµeE’ÉH ¿Éch .QÉàeCG 10
ÉjÉ≤H âëJ ≈ØàNG ób á©∏≤dG íØ°S øe Öjô≤dG ,(CG1) »fÉãdG ¥óæîdG ¿CG øe ºZôdG
∫GR Ée ∫hq C’G ¥óæîdG ¿EÉa ,Iô qNCÉàe äGôàa ≈dEG Oƒ©J »àdG iôNC’G ≈æÑo dGh äÉMÓªdG
πª©nà°ùoJ âfÉc É¡fCG ó«ØJ »àdG QƒKC’G ¢†©H πªëJ âdGR Ée (ê1) á«q £°Sh áeÉYóH ßØàëj
ΩÉjq CG »a ™an ôjo ¿Éc …òdGh á©∏≤dÉH ÅWÉ°ûdG π°üj ¿Éc …òdG ∑ôq ëàªdG ô°ùédG πªëd
.»fÉãdG ¥óæîdG ≈dEG áÑ°ùædÉH ¬æ«Y ôeC’G Qƒq °üJ øµªªdG øeh .QÉ°üëdG

Enfe’s fort was once one of the greatest and most fortified
Crusader forts in the Levant. Unfortunately, nothing remains
of the fort today – just some carved foundations in the rock at
the location of its external walls. The fort was built on the top
of the rocky promontory that forms the peninsula. According
to some travellers, it had twelve towers and two moats (1a1b) that separated it from the mainland. The moats were 100
meters long, 12-15 meters wide, and 8-10 meters deep. At the
time when they were used for protection, the moats were filled
with seawater up to 3 meters in depth. Only the first moat (1a)
can be seen today; the second one is buried under the remains
of the structures and rubble of later periods. To the south end
of the first moat, a rock pillar (1c) was used to hold the castle’s
swinging door, which could be secured during wartime or when
under siege. When the County of Tripoli was conquered by the
Mamluke army around the end of the 13th century, the fort was
destroyed, and its stones were used as construction blocks.

1

1a

1b

Ce

2

1c

P
Free Parking

3
4

Caves and Oil Presses
There are many caves and habitats dug inside the bedrock near
the shore, in addition to oil presses and vats used during the
Classical period. Some of these structures were transformed
into small oratories during later periods; the evidence of this
transformation includes the holes in some of the walls, which
10m
indicate the anchorage points of wooden frameworks used to
support some kind of roofs.

50m

100m

Visiting the site

™bƒªdG IQÉjR

2- The Church of the Lady of the Wind

íjôdG Ió«°S á°ù«æc -2

Built during the Crusades, the Church of the Lady of the Wind is
partially cut into the rock. It has a vaulted nave that ends with
an apse oriented toward the east. On the west side, the nave
is preceded by a square vaulted room that corresponds today
to the entrance of the church. This room was once part of a
rectangular hall, which was part of a nursing home that used to
be connected to the church.

ôî°üdG »a É¡æe AõL ôØM ºJq ó≤a .á«q éfôØdG IôàØdG ≈dEG íjôdG Ió«q °S á°ù«æc Oƒ©J
á°ù«æµdG ∞dq CÉàJh .á«q dÉëdG ájô≤dG øe á«q dɪ°ûdG á¡édG ≈dEG ™bGƒdGh ôëÑdG ≈∏Y ±ô°ûªdG
ÜGôëªH á«q bô°ûdG á¡édG óæY »¡àæj QÉ°ùµf’G π«∏b q…ôjô°S ó≤Y √ƒ∏©j óMGh ≥Øf øe
,Ö∏q °üe ó≤Y Égƒ∏©j á©Hq ôe áaô¨H ≥ØædG »¡àæ«a ,á«q Hô¨dG á¡édG ≈dEG Éeq CG .…ôFGO ∞°üf
≈°†e Ée »a záØ«≤°ùdG{ √òg âfÉc óbh .á°ù«æµdG πNóe ΩÉeCG áØ«≤°S Ωƒ«dG πµq °ûJ âJÉH
π°üàjh á°ù«æµdG ÖfÉL ≈dEG Ωƒ≤j ¿Éc ∞°Uƒà°ùe ≈dEG Oƒ©J á∏«£à°ùe áYÉb øe Gk AõL
.óeÉ©àe πµ°ûH É¡H

The remains of the frescoes on the walls of the church are
difficult to see. The old frescoes depict Saints George and
Demitrios, the baptism of the Christ, and the Christ in His Glory
with some of the evangelists. The frescoes on the south wall
represent the Virgin Mary calming a storm.

q …òdG •ÓªdG ¢üëØJ
,É¡eqó≤àJ »àdG záØ«≤°ùdG{h á°ù«æµdG ¿GQóL »£¨j
q ∫ÓN øeh
ÜôëdG πÑbh .É¡æjq õJ âfÉc »àdG ájq QGóédG äÉfƒgóªdG ¢†©H ÉjÉ≤H á¶MÓe øµªj
,¢SƒjôàªjOh ¢Sƒ«LQhÉL ø«°SQÉØdG ø«°ùjq
n ó≤dG Qƒ°U ±ôq ©J ¿ÉµeE’ÉH ¿Éc á«q fÉæÑ∏dG
¢†©Hh πq µdG §HÉ°†dG í«°ùªdG πãq ªJ iôNCGh ,í«°ùªdG ájq Oƒª©e πãq ªJ »àdG ÉjÉ≤ÑdG ¢†©Hh
q Iô«Ñc ájq QGóL øY Ó°†a
k ,ø««q ∏«éfE’G
AGQò©dG πãq ªJh »HƒæédG áØ«≤°ùdG §FÉM »£¨J
.AÉLƒg áØ°UÉY Çqó¡J »gh
1

1a

1b

Cemetery
Public School

Ma

2

1c

P
Free Parking

To

3
4

10m

50m

100m

Main Ro

Visiting the site

™bƒªdG IQÉjR

3 – The Church of Saint Catherine

ÉæjôJÉc á°ùjó≤dG á°ù«æc -3
âbƒdG ∂dP »a âfÉch ,á«q éfôØdG IôàØdG ≈dEG É¡FGõLCG øe ô«ãµdG »a á°ù«æµdG √òg Oƒ©J
¿ô≤dG ¿ƒ°†Z »a »dÉëdG É¡ª°SG òîqàJ ¿CG πÑb z¢Sqó≤ªdG ôÑ≤dG á°ù«æc{ º°SG πªëJ
.ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG

Built during the Crusades, the Church of Saint Catherine was
originally dedicated to the Holy Sepulcher. The dedication
changed to Saint Catherine during the 17th century, when the
church was restored by local inhabitants.
The church is built of sandstone. It has a rectangular vaulted
nave with an apse at its east end. There are two main doors,
one to the west and the other to the north. A small, vaulted
chamber built in the southwest corner of the church can be
accessed from the inside of the nave. Another room was built
over this chamber and used to be accessed by a swinging
ladder. On top of these rooms was the original bell tower. The
new bell tower was built in the mid-20th century in a different
architectural style.
There is also a funerary cave near the church of Saint Catherine,
which was transformed into an oratory. It was decorated with
a circle inscribed with two Greek letters (Alpha and Omega)
representing the Christ.

1

π«∏b q…ôjô°S ó≤Y √ƒ∏©j π«£à°ùe ≥Øf øe ∞dq CÉàJh ,»∏eôdG ôéëdÉH á°ù«æµdG â«æH
ÜÉH ∫ÓN øe AÉæÑdG ≈dEG ∫ƒNódG ºàjh
q .…ôFGO ∞°üf ÜGôëªH Ék bô°T »¡àæjh QÉ°ùµf’G
øjq õJh .»dɪ°ûdG QGóédG ôNB’G ¥ôàîj ɪ«a ,á«q Hô¨dG á«q °ù«FôdG á¡LGƒdG ¥ôàîj »°ù«FQ
q
.Ödn ƒ≤e QÉ1afq R É¡H
§«ëj πµ°ûdG ájq ôFGO áëàa ɪ¡£°SƒàJ ¿ÉJòaÉf á¡LGƒdG QGóL
1b
πNGO øe É¡Zƒ∏H øµªj Ö∏q °üe ó≤©H á«q Ñ≤e áaôZ á«q Hô¨dG á«q HƒæédG ájhGõdG óæY
øe Ék °†jCG É¡Zƒ∏H ºàj
G áaôZ ¿CG hóÑjh .á°ù«æµdG
q ¿Éch Iô«NC’G √òg ƒ∏©J âfÉc iôNC
Cemetery
áÑq b ∫ÓªëJ ÉàfÉc ¿Éàaô¨dG ¿ÉJÉg ¿CG hóÑjh .∑ôq ëàe º∏q °S ᣰSGƒH ,á°ù«æµdG πNGO
RGôW ≈∏Y øjô°û©dG ¿ô≤dG §°SGhCG »a ⪫bCG ó≤a á«q dÉëdG áÑq ≤dG Éeq CG .áPublic
«q ∏°UC’School
G ¢SôédG
.á«q uæehôdG ¢ùFÉæµdG ¢SGôLC
G ÜÉÑb RGôW øY Ék jq QòL ∞∏àîj
2
1c

Ma

P
Free Parking

To

3
4

10m

50m

100m

Main Ro

Visiting the site

™bƒªdG IQÉjR

1

1a

1b

Cemetery
Public School

π«FÉî«e áµFÓªdG ¢ù«FQh ¿É©ª°S ¢ùjó≤dG
� á°ù«æc -4
P
Free Parking

3
4

10m

50m

100m

Ma

2

1c

∫ÓN á°ù«æµdG √òg â«æH
.ô°ûY øeÉãdGh ™HÉ°ùdG ø«fô≤dG
ó«dÉ≤àdG ¢†©H øe ºZôdG ≈∏Yh
AÉæH ïjQÉJ ™Lôo
p J »àdG á«q ∏ëªdG
ΩóbCG Qƒ°üY ≈dEG á°ù«æµdG √òg
AÉæÑdG Ö«dÉ°SCG ¿EÉa ,Gk ó¡Y
É¡YÉLQEÉH íª°ùJ ’ Ióªà©ªdG
™HÉ°ùdG ø«fô≤dG πÑb Ée ≈dEG
RôHCG øeh .ô°ûY øeÉãdG hCG ô°ûY
á≤jôW OɪàYG πF’ódG √òg
äGOqOôJ øe ∞«Øîà∏d IójóL
øe AÉæÑdG πNGO »a äGƒ°UC’G
QGôédÉH ±ôn ©jo Ée ∫ÉNOEG ∫ÓN
k
Ó°†a
.±ƒ≤°ùdG »a á«q Jƒ°üdG
∞ë°Th ≈°üëdG ΩGóîà°SG øY
ø«H äÉZGôØdG óq °S »a IQÉéëdG
»ØàîJ âfÉc »àdGh ,∂«eGóªdG
…òdG •ÓªdG âëJ QɶfC’G øY
.¿GQóédG ∞∏q ¨j

To

Main Ro

4- The Church of Saint Simeon and the
Archangel Gabriel
Built next to the Church of Saint Catherine (4), this 18th century
church was dedicated to both Saint Simeon and the Archangel
Gabriel. Architectural elements typical of the 18th century can
be observed in the structure, such as the jars embedded in the
ceiling to reduce noise and echo inside the church.

The Abbey of Balamand

óæª∏ÑdG ôjO

The Abbey of Balamand

óæª∏ÑdG ôjO
øe »bô°ûdG ܃æédG ≈dEG .Ω200 »dGƒëH ôëÑdG í£°S ƒ∏©j ™ØJôe ≈∏Y óæª∏ÑdG ôjO »æHo
(Bel Mont) zπ«ªédG πÑédG{ º°SG ™ØnJôªdG Gòg ≈∏Y áéfôØdG ≥∏WCG óbh .¢ù∏HGôW
AÉëfCG º¶©e πª°û«d ¬≤aCG óq àªjh IQhÉéªdG ¿ÉjOƒdGh ôëÑdG ≈∏Y ±ô°ûªdG ¬©bƒe ÖÑ°ùH
.»dɪ°ûdG ¿ÉæÑd πMÉ°S

The Abbey of Balamand was built on a promontory 200m above
sea level, southeast of Tripoli. It was named “the beautiful
mound” (Bel Mont in French) by the Crusaders, due to its
location on top of a hill dominating the sea and the adjacent
valleys, as well as its view overlooking most of the northern
coastline.

»fÉãdG ø«fô≤dG ø«H ,á«q éfôØdG ÜhôëdG Iôàa ≈dEG ≈dhC’G ¬àdÉM »a AÉæÑdG ïjQÉJ Oƒ©j
øe áYɪL á«fÉãdG á«q éfôØdG á∏ªëdG ¿ƒ°†Z »a ¬°ù«°SCÉàH ΩÉb óbh .ô°ûY ådÉãdGh ô°ûY
…Oƒ"ô«∏µdG ¢ShOQÉfôH É¡°ù°SCq G »àdG zø««q °Sôà°ùµdG{ áæÑgQ ≈dEG ¿ƒªàæj øjòdG ¿ÉÑgôdG
á«q °Sôà°ùµdG ó«dÉ≤àdG ¢ùµY ≈∏Yh .á∏ªëdG ∂∏J ó«æéJ ≈dEG »°ù«FôdG á«YGódG ¿Éc …òdG
á«YÉaO ÜÉÑ°SC’ ™ØJôe ≈∏Y óæª∏ÑdG ôjO º«bCG ó≤a ,¿ÉjOƒdG »a ÉgQÉjOCG º«≤oJ âfÉc »àdG
ïjQÉJ ,1289h 1157 »àæ°S ø«H ,ΩÉY áÄe ≈∏Y ójõj Ée ¬«a πª©dG ôq ªà°SG óbh .áë°VGh
.∂«dɪªdG …ójCG »a ¢ù∏HGôW á«q àfƒc •ƒ≤°S

Built by Cistercian Monks during the Crusader period, the Abbey
was inhabited from 1157 to 1289, when the county of Tripoli
fell to the Mamlukes. The Abbey was then abandoned, and
it remained in ruins until the beginning of the 17th century,
when Greek Orthodox monks restored it. Since that time, many
modifications have been made to the architecture of the Abbey,
and many rooms and halls were added. This Abbey was also a
seasonal residence of the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch
and the East.

,É¡°†©H ±ƒ≤°S äQÉ¡fÉa ,áØ∏àîªdG ¬àëæLCG »a Üój
q ÜGôîdG òNCG ,ôjódG Iôég ™e
»dÉgCG ¬æe êôîà°ùj ™∏≤e áHÉãªH ôjódG ™bƒe íÑ°UCGh ,ôNB’G É¡°†©H ¿GQóL âYGóJh
≈∏Y ™°VƒdG ôq ªà°SGh .iôNCG ≈æ
k Ho »a É¡eGóîà°S’ IõgÉL ,áHƒ°ü≤e IQÉéM á≤£æªdG
¢ùchPƒKQC’o G ¿ÉÑgôdG øe Ol óY ΩÉb ÉeóæY ,ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG ¿ô≤dG äÉjGóH ≈qàM ∫ÉëdG √òg
º«eôàdG ∫ɪYCG áé«àæHh .á«YGóàªdG ¬à«æHCG º«eôàH GƒeÉ≤a .º¡d Gk ôq ≤e √QÉ«àNÉH
øe Gk AõL íÑ°UCGh ,»dÉëdG ¬∏µ°T ôjódG òîqJG ,ø«ëdG ∂dP òæe ¬àdhÉW »àdG ôjƒëàdGh
k »©eÉLh
ôq ≤e ≈dEG ¬dƒq ëJ øY Ó°†a
∑ôjô£H Ék «q ª°Sƒe ¬«a º«≤jo »côjô£H
ȾjO
q
q
q ™ªq ée
.¢ùchPƒKQC’G Ωhô∏d ¥ô°ûªdG ôFÉ°Sh É«cÉ£fCG

9

6

10

3
9

7

10

2

10

8

5

10

4

1

0m

9

The original map is taken from Asmar, C. 1972, "L'abbaye de Belmont dite Deir el Balamand", BMB XXV

10

5m

10m

The Abbey of Balamand

óæª∏ÑdG ôjO

Visiting the Abbey

ôjódG §£îe
q ∫GR Ée
»àdG á°†jô©dG •ƒ£îdÉH ßØàëj øgGôdG ¬©°Vh »a óæª∏ÑdG ôjO §£îe
.ÉHhQhCG »a ÉgƒæH »àdG QÉjOC’G ™«ªL »a ÉghóªàYG »àdGh ¿ƒ«q °Sôà°ùµdG ¿ÉÑgôdG ÉgÉ°SQCG
É¡dƒM ´Rq ƒàJh ,™HQC’G É¡JÉ¡L øe ¥GhQ É¡H §«ëj á©Hq ôe áë°ùa ∫ƒM ôjódG Qƒëªàj PEG
,Ék bô°T øjôHq óªdG ´ÉªàLG áYÉb ,Ék HƒæL ïHÉ£ªdGh ΩÉ©£dG áYÉb :áØ∏àîªdG ôjódG á«æHCG
k á°ù«æµdG
Ak GóàHG »°SÉ°SC’G AÉæÑdG ≈∏Y äGôjƒëJ IqóY äôL óbh .Ék HôZ ¿RÉîªdGh ’ɪ°T
.ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG ¿ô≤dG øe

Like all other Cistercian abbeys, the Balamand Abbey has an
architectural plan built around a central courtyard surrounded
by a portico. The different parts of the Abbey are structured
around this courtyard, including the dining hall and kitchens to
the south, the meeting hall to the east, and the church and the
warehouses to the west.

9

1 & 2– The Entrance and the Courtyard

6

The modern-day entrance to the Abbey (1) used to be an old
dining hall, situated to the southeast of the courtyard. This hall
has undergone a series of modifications and restorations since
the 17th century. In the courtyard (2), most of the original stone
pavement and the central well have been preserved.

á©HôªdG áë°ùØdGh πNóªdG -2-1
ôjódG ™ªq ée ≈dEG Ék «dÉM êƒdƒdG ºàj
q
ôÑY »bô°ûdG ܃æédG á¡L øe
≥HÉ°ùdG »a âfÉc á∏«£à°ùe á«æH
hóÑjh .¿ÉÑgôdG ΩÉ©W áYÉb πµq °ûJ
ÜÉÑ≤dG IQÉéM ¢üëØJ
q ∫ÓN øe
≈dEG Oƒ©J7 É¡fCG É¡Ñ«JôJ á«q Ø«ch
ôjódG ∫ƒq ëJ â©ÑJ Iô qNCÉàe äGôàa
.»°ùchPƒKQhCG ôjO ≈dEG »æ«JÓdG
¿CG 10á¶MÓªdÉH ôjóédG øeh
êƒdƒH íª°ùJ »àdG á«q dÉëdG áHGƒq ÑdG
≈∏Y á∏«NO »g ɪfq EG √òg áYÉ≤dG
™°Vƒe øe É¡H A»L8 óbh AÉæÑdG
áHGƒq H É¡æ«Y »g ¿ƒµJ óbh .ôNBG
ºàj
q ¿Éc »àdG ΩÉ©£dG áYÉb
»HƒæédG ¥GhôdG øe É¡Lƒdh
.ájq õcôªdG áë°ùØdÉH §«ëªdG

10

3
9

10

2

5

10

4

1

0m

9

The original map is taken from Asmar, C. 1972, "L'abbaye de Belmont dite Deir el Balamand", BMB XXV

10

The Abbey of Balamand

óæª∏ÑdG ôjO

3– The Portico

9

¥GhôdG -3
Due
to
the
many
modifications to the
building, only the north
and east sides of the
portico can still be
seen today. The carved
architectural elements
imbedded in the walls of
the portico are recycled
elements from older
Cistercian
structures
and were inserted in
10
the walls after the 17th
century when the Abbey
was restored. Some
of these architectural
elements include a lion’s
head with a broken nose
and some capitals with
floral decorations.

6

10

3
9

2

10

5

»dÉëdG ôjódG ¥GhQ ßØàëj
≈dEG Oƒ©j ôeC’Gh ,§≤a ø«ÑfÉéH
≈∏Y â∏ pNOCGo »àdG äGôjƒëàdG
™HÉ°ùdG ¿ô≤dG øe Ak GóàHG ôjódG
¿ÉÑfÉédG ¿Gòg ¿Éc GPEGh .ô°ûY
,»∏°UC’G ɪ¡££îªH ¿É¶Øàëj
»dÉëdG É¡∏µ°T »a ɪ¡JQɪY ¿EÉa
¿ô≤dG øe ó©HCG ≈dEG Oƒ©J ’
IQÉ°TE’G ™e Gòg .ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG
∫ɪYCÉH GƒeÉb øjòdG ¿CG ≈dEG
Gƒ¶ØàMG √òg º«eôàdGh ôjƒëàdG
7
á°Tƒ≤æªdG
IQÉéëdG øe mOó©H
AÉëfCG ¢†©H øjq õJ âfÉc »àdG
ΩÉ°ùbCG ¢†©H »a Égƒ∏NOCGh ôjódG
,É¡JógÉ°ûe øµªj å«M ¥GhôdG
∞fC’G Qƒ°ùµe ó°SCG ¢SCGQ É¡æeh
IóªYC’G ¿Éé«Jh IóªYC’G ¢†©Hh
8.á«q JÉÑædG ±QÉNõdGh

10

4
9

1

0m

9

5m

1

The original map is taken from Asmar, C. 1972, "L'abbaye de Belmont dite Deir el Balamand", BMB XXV

6

10

10

3
9

4 & 5– The Kitchen and the Warehouses

7

10

2

äÉYOƒà°ùªdGh ïÑ£ªdG -5-4
10

The old dining hall (1), which is now the entrance to the Abbey,
used to connect to the kitchen (4), situated in the southwest
part of the courtyard. The kitchen remains in its original state
of construction, with a vaulted roof and a large fireplace. Small
openings in the walls were used to transfer food plates to the
dining hall. Two doors used to connect the kitchen with the
courtyard and the warehouses (5).

5

4

1

9

πNóªdG) ΩÉ©£dG áaôZ âfÉc
»àdG ïHÉ£ªdÉH π°üàJ (»dÉëdG
á«q HƒæédG á¡édG ≈dEG Ωƒ≤J âfÉc8
√òg ¿CG hóÑjh .É¡æe á«q Hô¨dG
10
É¡àdÉM ≈∏Y â«≤H ób ïHÉ£ªdG
ó≤©H áaƒ≤°ùe »gh ,á«q ∏°UC’G
âdGR Éeh ,Qƒ°ùµe q…ôjô°S
ôjôªàd áëàØHh ÉgóbƒªH ßØàëJ
É¡HGƒHCÉH ßØàëJ ɪc ,¥ÉÑWC’G
øe ¥GhôdÉH É¡∏°üJ âfÉc »àdG
.iôNCG á¡L øe ¿RÉîªdGh á¡L

The original map is taken from Asmar, C. 1972, "L'abbaye de Belmont dite Deir el Balamand"

10

The Abbey of Balamand

óæª∏ÑdG ôjO

6– The Main Church

á«°ù«FôdG á°ù«æµdG -6
øe áØdq DƒªdG ôjódG á°ù«æc »bô°ûdG ∫ɪ°ûdG á¡L øe πNóªdG-ΩÉ©£dG áYÉb ¬LGƒJ
QGóL »ah .Iô«Ñc IòaÉf ¬bôàîJ ÜGôëªH »¡àæj »bô°T »dɪ°T
√ÉéJG …P óMGh ≥Øf
q
´hô°ûdG πÑb π°ù¨dG ¢Sƒ≤£d Gk óq ©e ¿Éc äÉØjƒéJ áKÓK øe ∞dq Dƒe ¢VƒM ÜGôëªdG
OƒªY ɪ¡∏°üØj ø«àeCGƒJ ø«JòaÉf øe ¢VƒëdG á¡LGh ∞dq CÉàJh ,¢ùjOGó≤dG áeÉbEÉH
,±ôNõªdG »Ñ°ûîdG
äÉfƒ≤jC’G QGóL ÜGôëªdG øY ≥ØædG π°üØjh .πµ°ûdG »fGƒ£°SG
q
q
äÉfƒ≤jC’G øe áYƒªée …ƒàëjh ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG ¿ô≤dG ≈dEG Oƒ©j …òdG ,¢SÉà°SƒfƒµjE’G
á¡édG øe ≥ØædG ô«æJh .ô°ûY ™°SÉàdGh ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG ø«fô≤dG ø«H É¡îjQGƒJ ìGhôàJ »àdG
øe √ô«æJ ɪ«a ,ó≤©dG iƒà°ùe âëJ QGóédG ¥ôàîJ Iôjóà°ùe IòaÉf á«q bô°ûdG á«q dɪ°ûdG
πNóe ƒ∏©J ,IôgR áÄ«g ≈∏Y ≈°†e Ée »a âfÉc iôNCG IòaÉf á«q Hô¨dG á«q HƒæédG á¡édG
≈°†e Ée »a ∑Éæg âfÉc ,á«q Hô¨dG á«q HƒæédG á°ù«æµdG á¡LGh ΩÉeCGh .»°ù«FôdG
á°ù«æµdG
q
á«q HƒæédG É¡àjhGR øe áHô≤e ≈∏Y ™≤j ô«¨°U ÜÉH á°ù«æµ∏dh .É¡ªdÉ©e âdGR áØ«≤°S
áÑq b á«q bô°ûdG á«q dɪ°ûdG á¡édG øe á°ù«æµdG ƒ∏©jh .ájq õcôªdG áë°ùØdÉH É¡£Hôj á«q Hô¨dG
¿CG ôcòdÉH ôjóédG øeh .ô°ûY »fÉãdG ¿ô≤dG §°SGhCG ≈dEG É¡îjQÉJ Oƒ©j ,ájq ôéM ¢SôL
q GƒfÉc ø««q °Sôà°ùµdG
øcÉeC’G »a ’EG ,ájq ôéëdG ÜÉÑ≤dG ≈∏Y á«q Ñ°ûîdG ÜÉÑ≤dG ¿ƒ∏°†Øj
á¡LGƒe »a á∏q J ≈∏Y 9ºFÉ≤dG óæª∏ÑdG ôjO ∫ÉM »g ɪc ,Iójó°ûdG ìÉjô∏d á°Vôq ©ªdG
IQɪ©dG »a É¡Yƒf øe Iójôa ¿ƒµJ ób áÑq b óæª∏ÑdG ôjO áÑq b øe π©éj ɪq e ,ôëÑdG
.á«q °Sôà°ùµdG

The main church of the Abbey is situated to the northwest of
the entrance (1). It is composed of a single nave with an apse
oriented toward the east. An iconostasis from the 17th century
separates the nave from the apse. This iconostasis holds icons
dating back to the 17th and 19th centuries. On the west end of
the church, an oculus brings light into the nave. The church can
be accessed through a small door set in its southern wall. The
bell tower of the church was erected in the mid-12th century on
the northeast corner of the roof. Typically, Cistercian bell towers
would be constructed from wood; however, this tower was built
with masonry blocks because of the fast winds in the area
that might destroy a wooden tower. Consequently, this tower is
considered to be a unique example in Cistercian architecture.

6

10

3
9

7

10

2

10

8

5

10

4

1

9

The original map is taken from Asmar, C. 1972, "L'abbaye de B

10

The Abbey of Balamand

9

óæª∏ÑdG ôjO

7– The Church of Saint Georges
Around the 17th century,
the vaulted hall to the
northeast of the courtyard
was transformed by the
Greek Orthodox
monks
9
into a church dedicated
to Saint Georges. The
monks added an apse at
10
the east end of the hall.
This hall was used during
the Crusader period as
a meeting room for the
persons in charge of the
Abbey.
5
8– The Reunion Hall

¢ùjó≤dG á°ù«æc -7
¢Sƒ«LQhÉL

6

ájq õcôªdG áë°ùØdG ¥GhQ »°†Øjo
áYÉb ≈dEG »bô°ûdG »dɪ°ûdG
É¡dƒq M ,ø«àÑ∏q °üe ø«àÑ≤H áaƒ≤°ùe
á°ù«æc ≈dEG ¢ùchPƒKQhC’G ¿ÉÑgôdG
,¢Sƒ«LQhÉL ¢ùjqó≤dG º°SG ≈∏Y
IòaÉf √ô«æJ ÜGôëe áaÉ°VEG ó©H
¿ÉJqó©e ¿ÉJƒq c É¡H §«ëJh Iô«Ñc
√òg âfÉc óbh .á«q °ù≤W ¢VGôZC’
á∏«£à°ùe áéfôØdG ΩÉjq CG »a áYÉ≤dG
äÉYɪàL’ á°ü°üîeh
πµ°ûdG
q
.ôjódG …ôHq óe ¢ù∏ée

10

3

7

2

10

8
10

4

iôѵdG ¿ÉÑgôdG áYÉb -8

1

.iôѵdG ¿ÉÑgôdG áYÉb ≈dEG …qODƒj ôq ªe á«q bô°ûdG á«q HƒæédG ájq õcôªdG áë°ùØdG ájhGR óæY
n≥Ñj ºd …òdG »bô°ûdG »HƒæédG ¥GhôdG ôÑY áYÉ≤dG √òg ≈dEG Ék ≤HÉ°S êƒdƒdG ºàj
q ¿Éch
Oƒ©J É«∏©dG É¡eÉ°ùbCG ™«ªL ¿CG á«æÑdG AGõLCG ¢üëØJ
q ∫ÓN øe hóÑjh .ôKCG …CG Ωƒ«dG ¬æe
AÉæÑdG AGõLCG q¿CG ô«Z .¢ùchPƒKQC’G ¿ÉÑgô∏d Ék µ∏e ôjódG É¡«a ≈ë°VCG »àdG IôàØdG ≈dEG
á°Tƒ≤æªdG äGQÉ°TE’G øe ô«Ñc mOó©H ßØàëJ âdGR Ée ,òaGƒædG IQÉéM ɪ«q °S ’ ,≈∏Ø°ùdG
É¡fƒàëæj GƒfÉc »àdG IQÉéëdG ô¡ªd É¡fƒeóîà°ùj á«q éfôØdG IôàØdG hDhÉæq H ¿Éc »àdG
.ÉgOGóYCG ÜÉ°ùàMG ó©H É¡«∏Y ºgôLCG ¿ƒ°VÉ≤àjh

In the southeast corner of the courtyard (2), a passageway
leads to the large reunion hall (8). The monks used to access
this hall through the southeast portico of the9 courtyard, which
today has disappeared completely. The Orthodox monks rebuilt
the upper part of this hall during the restoration of the Abbey
10
in the 17th century. The lower part of the structure, including
major parts of the windows, is in its original state dating back
to the 12th century. Masons’ marks from this period are still
visible on some of the stones in the lower part of the walls. The
stones were marked by the masons so that they could keep
track of their work and receive compensation according to the
number of stones they built.

0m

5m

10m

The original map is taken from Asmar, C. 1972, "L'abbaye de Belmont dite Deir el Balamand", BMB XXV

9

áØ∏àîe á«æHCG-9
»àdG ≈æÑo dG øe Ol óY Ωƒ≤j ,ôjódG øe á«q Hô¨dG á«q HƒæédGh á«q bô°ûdG á«q HƒæédG á¡édG ≈dEG
∞°Uƒà°ùe áHÉãªH ¿ƒµ«d Ék °ü°üîe
q ¿Éc Ée É¡æªa .IOqó©àe ¢VGôZC’ Ωóîà°ùoJ âfÉc
É¡æeh ,êÉéëdGh
QGhq õdG AGƒjE’ Ωóîà°ùjo ¿Éc Ée É¡æeh ,º¡àédÉ©eh ≈°VôªdG ∫ÉÑ≤à°S’
q
6
,Ö qgôàdG á∏Môe Gƒ¨∏Ñj ºdh ó©H ºgQhòf
Gƒªq àj ºd øjòdG IƒNE’G áeÉbE’ Ωóîà°ùjo ¿Éc Ée
.á«°TɪdG AGƒjEGh π«°UÉëªdG øjõîàd á°ü°üîªdG
äÉYÉ≤dG øe Ol óY ∑Éæg ¿Éc ¬fCG ɪc
q

9– Miscellaneous Rooms
In the southeast and southwest parts of the Abbey stand a
number of structures and rooms that have many uses. Some
rooms were used as infirmaries, others to host visitors and
pilgrims, and other rooms were used as stockrooms or stables
for the domestic animals and herds.

10

3
9

7

10

2

10

8

5

10

4

1

9

The Abbey of Balamand

óæª∏ÑdG ôjO

10– Later Additions

IójóédG äÉaÉ°VE’G -10
6

The western parts and the
upper level of the Abbey
are composed of new
additions
constructed
between the 17th century
and the end of the 20th
century.
These areas
are currently used by the
monks who live at the
Abbey, and they are not
accessible to the public.

»àdG É«∏©dG AÉæÑdG ΩÉ°ùbCG Oƒ©J
É¡∏ªéªH ,Ωƒ«dG É¡JógÉ°ûe øµªj
¿ô≤dG ø«H3 á©bGƒdG IôàØdG ≈dEG
.øjô°û©dG ¿ô≤dGh ô°ûY ™HÉ°ùdG

9

10

10

2

10

5

10

4

1

9

The original map is taken

10

● Original text in Arabic by Dr. Hassan Salamé-Sarkis،
● English Translation by Assaad Seif.
● Maps: Assaad Seif.

.¢ù«cô°S áeÓ°S ¿É°ùM
q QƒàcódG ¢üf ●
.∞«°S ó©°SCG :§FGôîdG OGóYEG ●

www.DestinationLebanon.com

Glossary
Apse:

Semi-circular area at the east end of a
church, often with a domed or vaulted roof.

Capital:

The top part of a column.

Cistercian:

A Christian order of monks and nuns
founded in 1098.

Fresco:

Painted plaster, created by applying
paint to wet plaster.

Holy
Sepulcher:

The tomb of the Christ.

Iconostasis:

A wooden or marble screen with doors
and icons, used to separate the sanctuary
of a church from the nave.

Nave:

The central space in a church.

Oculus:

Word of Latin origin meaning
“the bull’s eye.” It is a small opening or
window in the façade of a church situated
over the main door.

Oratory:

A small chapel, often used for private prayer.

Portico:

Covered walkway in the form of a roof
supported by columns or pillars.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful