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Rose-ringed Parakeet(Green parrot)

Scientific name:
Psittacula krameri

Varieties: Grey , Green,

This species is unmistakable with light green
plumage, long tail, and raucous, repetitive "kee
ep" call. The average length is 16 inches. Adult
males have the "rose-ring". The chin of the adult
male is black with layers of black, turquoise, and
rose on a collar that thins below the auriculars. The rose-ring continues to the nape of the
neck. The nape on the male has a turquoise blue wash over the light green base feathers.
It takes between 18-32 months for the males to develop the rose-ring. Juveniles and
females lack neck and chin markings. The adult female has a faint emerald green collar
that is difficult to discern in the field. The tail is long and thin with a blue central tail
feather. The outer tail feathers are medium green washed with blue. The tail of females
and juveniles is slightly shorter than that of the male. The underside of the tail and wings
are canary yellow.

Identification: A parrot with generally green plumage. Yellowish under wing and lower
abdomen. Long bluish-green tail, tipped with yellow. Sharp, deeply hooked red beak.
Pale yellow eyes. Green-grey legs. Male: Black across chin and lower cheek. Rose-pink
collar. Female: No black on chin and cheeks. No rose-pink collar. Shorter tail than male.
Juveniles: Similar to female. Coral-pink beak. Grey-white eyes. Grey legs.

Two subspecies; The north Indian P. krameri borealis (lower mandible red) and the south
Indian P. krameri manillensis (lower mandible black). In addition to the two Indian
subspecies, there are two African subspecies; African Rose-ringed Parakeet (P. k.
krameri) and Abyssinian Rose-ringed Parakeet (P. k. parvirostris).

Call: Screeching when flying or perching. Quiet whistles and chattering when roosting.

Distribution: India, Bhutan, Nepal, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh,

Myanmar and North Africa. Introduced to Mauritius, South Africa, Arabia, the Middle
East, Hong Kong and Singapore. Feral populations in Britain, USA and Europe. Common
near farms and plantations and where there are trees.
Habits: Noisy birds continually screeching. Usually live in small flocks but if food in
abundance may gather in one place in the thousands and do damage to crops, fruit and
coffee plantations and sunflower crops. Flight is direct and swift with rapid wing-beats.

Food: Seeds, grains, chillies, fruits, berries, blossoms and nectar.

Breeding: In India, January - May. In Africa, December - April. Nest: High up in holes
in trees, under roofs, and in holes in walls. Old nest holes of other birds are enlarged and
used. Eggs: 3-5. Eggs measure 30.7 x 23.8 mm. Incubated by the female for 22 days.
Chicks: Naked and pink with yellow beaks. Leave the nest 7 weeks after hatching. Males
moult twice and have adult plumage at 3 years old.

Physical characteristics: The rose-ringed parakeet has green feathers, black feet, and a
red beak with a black band around it. The rose ring is the black-and-red collar around the
bird's neck. Birds measure
15.7 inches (40 centimeters) from their heads to their tails. They weigh from 4.1 to 4.9
ounces (116 to 139 grams).

Geographic range: Rose-ringed parakeets live naturally in the African countries of

Sudan, Mauritania, Uganda, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. In Asia, they range in India,
Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar, and China. Parakeets have been introduced into countries
including the United States and England.

Habitat: Rose-ringed parakeets are adaptive, able to adjust to living conditions in a range
of countries. They live in deciduous forests, grassland, and rainforests. In addition to their
natural habitats, parakeet populations grew in the United States and England after caged
birds escaped or were released by people.

The rose-ringed parakeet gets its name from the black-and-red collar around its neck.
(Illustration by Joseph E. Trumpey. Reproduced by permission.)

Diet: Parakeets eat seeds, grain, flowers, fruit, nectar, and berries.

Behavior and reproduction: Rose-ringed parakeets are semi-nomadic, traveling to find

food. They usually travel in a small flock, but some food sources can attract a flock of
thousands of birds.
Parakeets are monogamous. The female selects the nest location and lines it with wood
chips. The nest may be in a hole in a tree or one in a house wall. The hen lays a clutch of
three to four eggs. They hatch in twenty-two days and are cared for by both parents.

Rose-ringed parakeets and people: Rose-ringed parakeets are valued as cage birds. In
the wild, they are sometimes considered pests because they destroy crops while trying to

Conservation status: Rose-ringed parakeets are not in danger of extinction.

Management/Housing: Parakeets in the wild are fast, long distance flyers and need a
home that provides them with room to fly and exercise. As a general rule, the larger the
cage, the happier your parakeet. Parakeets kept in a cage need to be let out for exercise

• Bird Cages:
As a minimum, parakeet cages should be large enough so that the bird's head
does not touch the top, its tail does not touch the bottom, and it has enough room
for unrestricted movements.
o Small Parakeet Cages:
A cage for a pair of small parakeets should be at least 39"x20"x32"
(100x50x80 cm).
o Medium and Large Parakeet Cages:
A cage for a pair of medium parakeets should be at least 59"x32"x59"
(150x80x150 cm) and bigger still for the larger species.

These sizes will

provide room for lots of movement as well as horizontal exercise and vertical
climbing. This also provides space for perches, food dishes and a variety of
playthings. You will need dishes for food, water, treats, and grit.

• Bird Perch:
Provide two perches starting at 1/2" (12 mm) for the smallest parakeets, with
larger diameters for larger birds. Perches can be round or square as well as
various sized fruit tree branches. Natural perches from willow, poplar and fruit
trees are good for the bird's feet and for it's beak. The gnawing it will do on the
perches will also alleviate your pet's boredom. Place one perch up high for
roosting and one low by the food, water, and grit dishes.
• Where to Place Cockatiel Cages:
Place the cage where it will be away from harmful fumes and drafts. Keep the
cage well ventilated and have good lighting. Most parakeets need a humidity level
of 60 to 70% and 12 hours of daylight. To provide you pet with a sense of
security, you can cover the cage at night.
• Aviary:
An aviary is ideal for parakeets as they need to fly. The longer and wider space
is, the happier the parakeet. Be sure there are horizontal bars for climbing as well.
Spacing of the bars for the smaller species starts at 1/2" (12 mm) with up to 3/4"
(20 mm) for the larger parakeets.
o Indoor Aviaries:
An indoor aviary is a cage set up in a room. A good size for two small
pairs is 47"x32"x67" (120x80x170 cm). When estimating the amount of
room they need to fly figure about 21 square feet per bird, with more
space for larger birds or flocks.
A bird room is an inside aviary with sand or corn cob covering a tiled
o Outdoor Aviaries:
An outdoor or breeding aviary needs to have a protected shelter that can
be heated and cooled where necessary. The aviary will need plenty of
perches or branches.
o Plants:
Plants are both attractive and functional, but beware of poisonous plants as
well as plants with spines or thorns. Some poisonous plants and woods
include: laburnum, acacia, rhododendron, boxwood, buckthorn, cherry,
horse chestnut, privet and oleander.

Parrot Disease – Reconize the Symptoms

Always be on the lookout for signs of parrot disease. One of the major ways to make sure
your parrot stays healthy is to be observant. Become familiar with your bird’s everyday
healthy behavior so you can tell when something is not quite right. Just like everyone
else, early recognition of a parrot disease will make it easier to cure.

Most parrots are very clever when they become ill – not wanting anyone to notice that
something is wrong. In the wild a sick bird doesn’t want to be picked out by predators.
That’s the reason it is so often hard to tell if your parrot is sick until he is very sick. The
answer is to be alert. Learn the early signs of parrot disease.

A sick parrot may sleep too much during the day when he is normally active. Excessive
sleeping specially on the bottom of the cage could mean a significant problem. Always
look for any unusual changes in your parrot’s sleeping habits.
As strange as it may seem a healthy parrot will sleep on one leg with the other drawn up
near its belly. If it starts sleeping on two feet, this could be early signs of parrot disease
that needs to be looked in to.

If you notice your parrot looks to be fluffed up, he might be trying to tell you something.
When his feathers are fluffed up he may be trying to maintain his normally high body
temperature and fight off and illness. On the other hand it may just be to cool in the room.
He might be trying to tell you to turn up the heat. In any event, it’s time to check things

You should know how much food your parrot normally eats and what his favorite foods
are. If you notice he starts to eat far less than he normally does or doesn’t like his
favorites any more it could mean he is suffering from some kind of malady.

If you notice a definite change in attitude and he is not behaving normally or becomes
listless, it is time to call the veterinarian. If your bird seems to become lame and can’t use
his feet properly this is a sign of something very wrong. Don’t waste time. Get him to the
veterinarian right away.

Panting or labored breathing is often the sign of respiratory illness or overheating. You
may notice him sitting on his perch and bobbing his tail. This is often a sign of panting
indicating the possibility of a respiratory illness or parrot disease.

If you notice any discharge or runniness around the eyes, nostrils (nares) or vent this
can be a sign of illness and should be looked in to. If the bird’s vent is crusty or damp
from fecal material there is probably a problem. Any
debris around the face and feathers is a sign of poor Indian Ring Neck Parrot
grooming possibly from vomiting. Psittacula krameri manillensis
Size: 40-50cm in length
Always be observant of any unusual change in your
parrot’s droppings. Normal droppings consist of solid Pet Status: Moderate
green portion, white urates and a clear liquid. If the Talking Ability: Low
droppings show a marked color change and there has been
no change in diet there could be a problem. Noise Level: Moderate
Lifespan: 25 years
Always be safe and when in doubt check it out with your
veterinarian as soon as something seems out of the Breeding Ability: Very Good,
ordinary. Treating any problem quickly will greatly spring breeders
enhance the prospects of a quick and complete recovery. Number of Eggs: 4-5 eggs Incubation: 22-24 days

Compatibility with other
species: Not advised
Feeding: Seed and Fruit eaters Health Programmes: Follow the
Parrot Health Programme.
Sexing: Male exhibits neck ring
at sexual maturity (3 years).
Surgical or DNA sexing before
this age is required.