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DESIGN OF CONE TO CYLINDER INTERSECTION

Reference : D.R.MOSS(Second Edition)


Discription
Internal pressure
External pressure
Dead weight at elevation 1

Symbol
P
Px
W1

Value
4.072
1.055

Unit
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

kg

Dead weight at elevation 2

kg

Longitudinal bending moment due to wind or seismic


at Elevation 1

M1

kg.cm

Longitudinal bending moment due to wind or seismic


at Elevation 2

M2

kg.cm

Small cylindrical shell thickness

t1

1.4

cm

Large cylindrical shell thickness

t2

1.4

cm

Thickness of cone at elevation 1

tc1

1.4

cm

Thickness of cone at elevation 2


Inside diameter of small cylindrical shell

tc2

1.4
37.8

cm
cm

376.4
18.9

cm
cm

188.2
45

cm
Deg.

--

kg/cm

Inside diameter of large cylindrical shell


Inside radius of small cylindrical shell

Ds
DL

Longitudinal load due to weight plus moment

Rs
RL

V 1-4

Longitudinal force due to Internal and External pressure

P1-2

--

kg/cm

Radial thrust due to weight and moment

H 1-4

--

kg/cm

Circumferntial load due to internal and external pressure

Hc 1-2

--

kg/cm

Radial thrust due to internal and external pressure

Hp 1-2

--

kg/cm

Total longitudinal load on cylinder at elevation 1-2

FL 1-2

--

kg/cm

Longitudinal load in cone


Allowable longitudinal compressive stress

FLC

---

kg/cm
kg/cm2

Inside radius of large cylindrical shell


Half apex angle of cone

Note:Since there are no supports, the forces and moments due to wind and seismic could
not be resolved to the large and small ends of the cone.

SMALL END

LARGE END

Case 1: Tension

Case 2: Compression

Case 3: Tension

Case 4: Compression

-w1 - 4M1

JUNCTION

CYLINDER

V1=

ds
See Note 1

ds2

See Note 1
H1= V1tan
HP1= P1tan
HC1= PRS , PXRS
FC=
See Note 1
V1 =

CONE

Ext.

0.00

0.00

38.48

-9.97

38.48

-9.97

0.00
38.48
76.96
115.44

0.00
-9.97
-19.94
-29.91

0.00

0.00

COS
P1

-w1 + 4M1

V2=

ds

ds2

Int.

Ext.

0.00

0.00

-w2 - 4M2

V3=

DL

DL2

Int.

Ext.

0.00

0.00

V4=

383.18

-99.28

P2=

383.18

-99.28

0.00
-383.18
766.35
383.18

0.00
99.28
-198.55
-99.28

0.00

0.00

-w2 - 4M2
DL

DL2

Int.

Ext.

0.00

0.00

383.18

-99.28

383.18

-99.28

0.00
-383.18
766.35
383.18

0.00
99.28
-198.55
-99.28

0.00

0.00

541.89

-140.40

541.89

-140.40

See Note 1

P Rs , PxRs
2
2
FL =

P1=

Int.

P Rs , PxRs
2
2
FL =

P1=

H2 =
HP1=
HC1=

V2tan
P1tan
PRS , PXRS
FC=

See Note 1
V2 =

38.48

-9.97

38.48

-9.97

0.00
38.48
76.96
115.44

0.00
-9.97
-19.94
-29.91

0.00

0.00

COS
54.42

-14.10

COS

P1

54.42

STRESS

-14.10

END

2
FL =

See Note 1
H3 =
V3tan
HP2=
-P2tan
HC2=
PRL ,PXRL
FC=
See Note 1
V3 =

54.42

-14.10

P2

FLC =

54.42

541.89

-14.10

TENSION

P RL , PxRL
2
FL =

H4 =
HP1=
HC2=

V4tan
-P2tan
PRL ,PXRL
FC=

See Note 1
V4 =
COS

-140.40

COS

FL/t1 =
FL/t1 =
Small
38.4804/1.4 =
27.49
FL/t2 =
FL/t2 =
Large
383.1752/1.4 =
273.70
FC/t1 =
FC/t1 =
Maximum Circumferential
Small
115.4412/1.4
82.46
stress at junction C
FC/t2 =
FC/t2 =
Large
383.1752/1.4 =
273.70
F
/t
FLC/tC1 =
Maximum longitudinal stress
Small
38.87
LC C1 = 54.42/1.4=
in cone , LC
F
/t
FLC/tC2 =
Large
387.07
LC C2 = 541.89/1.4=
Notes : 1)Signs for V1,H1,V3 And H3 must be reversed if uplift due to moment is greater than weight.
Maximum longitudinal stress
in cylinder L

COS

COS
FLC =

P RL , PxRL

P2=

P2

COS
FLC =

541.89

COMPRESSION
-9.97/1.4 =
-99.28/1.4 =
-29.91/1.4 =
-99.28/1.4 =
-14.1/1.4 =
-140.4/1.4 =

FLC =

-140.40

-7.12
-70.91
-21.36
-70.91
-10.07
-100.28

MAX.ALLOW. STRESS COMP.


[2, Para, UG-23(b),(2) LONGITUDINAL
COMPRESSION ONLY]

Small end
A= 0.125t1/Rs
B=
Large end
A= 0.125t2/RL
B=

0.009259
1223.64 kg/cm2
0.00093
866.745 kg/cm2

2)Int./Ext. signify cases for Internal and/or External Pressure.

Input Value For B


from CS-2 chart in Mpa
120

85