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1. (a)

k ( x + 1) 2 + (k + 1) x = k − m

kx 2 + (3k + 1) x + m = 0
− (3k + 1)
k
m
αβ =
k

α+β=

Since α and β are numerically equal but opposite in sign,

α = −β

−β+β=

− (3k + 1)
k

− (3k + 1)
k
1
k =−
3
0=

m
k
m
− β⋅β = 1
−3
αβ =

β 2 = 3m
β = ± 3m

α = 3m , β = − 3m or α = − 3m , β = 3m

(b) Q α > β
∴ α = 3m , β = − 3m
1 − 3α
=2
β −1

1 − 3α
=2
β −1
1 − 3 3m = 2(− 3m − 1)
− 3m = −3
3m = 3
3m = 9
m=3

2. (1 −

or

1 − 3α
= −2
β −1
1 − 3 3m = −2(− 3m − 1)
− 5 3m = 1
1
3m = − (rejected)
5
(Q 3m is non - negative)

1 n
3 4
) = 1 − + 2 + terms involving lower powers of x
3x
x x

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(1 −

1 n
1
) = 1 + n( − ) + L
3x
3x
n
=1−
+L
3x
n
−3=−
3
n=9

The general term in the expansion = 9 C r (
The term in

1
x

5

= 9 C5 (
=

−1 r
)
3x

−1 5
)
3x

− 14
27 x 5

The coefficient of

1
x

5

− 14
.
27

is

n

3. Let P ( n ) be the proposition “

∑ (2r + 1) = n(n + 2) ”.
r =1

When n = 1,
L.H.S. = 2(1) + 1 = 3
R.H.S. = 1(1 + 2) = 3

P (1) is true.

Assume P ( k ) is true for any positive integer k .
k

i.e.

∑ (2r + 1) = k (k + 2)
r =1
k +1

Then

k

(2r + 1) =

r =1

∑ (2r + 1) + [2(k + 1) + 1]
r =1

= k (k + 2) + (2k + 3)
= k 2 + 4k + 3
= (k + 1)(k + 3)
= (k + 1)[(k + 1) + 2]
Thus P(k + 1) is true if P(k) is true for any positive integer k. By the
principle of mathematical induction, P(n) is true for all positive integers
n.

4. (a)

 y 2 = x − 1
 2
 y = −2 x + 14

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x − 1 = −2 x + 14
3x = 15
x=5

Substitute x = 5 into y 2 = x − 1,


y2 = 4
y = 2 or

−2(rejected)

The coordinates of A are (5, 2) .

(b) When y = 1,
C1 : 1 = x − 1
x =2

C 2 : 1 = −2 x + 14
2 x = 13
13
x=
2
5

∫2

Volume generated = π ( x − 1 − 1) dx + π
5

∫2

= π ( x − 2) dx + π

13
2

∫5

13
2

∫5 (−2 x + 14 − 1)dx

( −2 x + 13) dx

13
x2
− 2 x]52 + π[ − x 2 + 13 x] 52
2
5
169
= π( + 2 ) + π (
− 40)
2
4
27 π
=
4

= π[

5. (a)

BY = BA + AY

(b)

CQ = CA + AQ

(c)

BA ⋅ CA = BA ⋅ CA cos ∠BAC
AY ⋅ AQ = AY ⋅ AQ cos ∠QAY


ABPQ and ACXY are squares
BA = AQ ,

CA = AY

and cos ∠BAC = cos(180° − ∠QAY )
= − cos ∠QAY

BA ⋅ CA = − AY ⋅ AQ

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6.

dy
∆y
= lim

x

0
dx
∆x
4( x + ∆x) 2 − ( x + ∆x) − 3 − 4 x 2 − x − 3

= lim

∆x

∆x →0
2

( 4( x + ∆x ) − ( x + ∆x) − 3 − 4 x 2 − x − 3 )( 4( x + ∆x) 2 − ( x + ∆x ) − 3 + 4 x 2 − x − 3 )

= lim

∆x →0

∆x ( 4( x + ∆x) 2 − ( x + ∆x) − 3 + 4 x 2 − x − 3 )
4 x 2 + 8 x(∆x) + 4(∆x) 2 − x − ∆x − 3 − 4 x 2 + x + 3

= lim

∆x →0

∆x( 4( x + ∆x) 2 − ( x + ∆x) − 3 + 4 x 2 − x − 3 )
8 x(∆x) + 4(∆x) 2 − ∆x

= lim

∆x →0

∆x( 4 x 2 + 8 x(∆x ) + 4(∆x) 2 − x − ∆x − 3 + 4 x 2 − x − 3 )
8 x + 4 ∆x − 1

= lim

∆x →0

=

2

4 x + 8 x(∆x) + 4(∆x) 2 − x − ∆x − 3 + 4 x 2 − x − 3 )

8x − 1
2 4x 2 − x − 3

dy
dx


dy
dx

x =−

3
4

=

−7
2 0

=

−7
is undefined.
0

The derivative of y at x = −

=
x =3

3
does not exist.
4

23
2 30

sin θ − sin 3θ + sin 5θ = 0

7.

(sin θ + sin 5θ) − sin 3θ = 0
θ + 5θ
θ − 5θ
2 sin(
) cos(
) − sin 3θ = 0
2
2
2 sin 3θ cos 2θ − sin 3θ = 0
sin 3θ(2 cos 2θ − 1) = 0
sin 3θ = 0
3θ = 180n° + (−1) n ⋅ 0°
θ = 60n°
is any integer.

9. Let the equation L be

or
or
or

cos 2θ =

1
2

2θ = 360n° ± 60°
θ = 180n° ± 30° , where n

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5 x − 3 y + 1 + k (3 x + y − 1) = 0
(5 + 3k ) x + (k − 3) y + (1 − k ) = 0
Slope =

5 + 3k
= tan 45° = 1
3−k

5 + 3k = 3 − k
4k = −2
1
k =−
2

The equation of L is
5x − 3 y + 1 −

y 1
3
x− + =0
2
2 2
7x − 7 y + 3 = 0

y = x − 1 can be written as

y = x −1

y = −x − 1

for x ≥ 0
for x < 0

From the result above, the graph of y = x − 1 is as follows:
y
2
y= x −1
1

−2

−1

x

O

1

2

−1

11.

1 + cos 2 A
1 + 2 cos 2 A − 1
=
cos 2 2A −sin 2 A2
cot A2 − tan 2A
sin A2 cos A2

=

2 cos 2 A
cos 2 ( A2 )
sin A2 cos A2

A
A
cos
2
2
A
= cos A sin 2( )
2
= sin A cos A
= 2 cos A sin

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 y = 2 x 2 ...........................(1)

 y = x 3 .............................( 2)

Solving (1) and (2), x = 0, y = 0

or

x = 2, y = 8

The points of intersection are (0, 0) and (2, 8).

The slopes of the two curves are given by
m1 =

d
d
(2 x 2 ) = 4 x , m 2 = ( x 3 ) = 3x 2
dx
dx

At (0, 0), m 1 = m 2 = 0

The angle of intersection of the two curves at (0, 0) is 0° .

At (2, 8), m 1 = 8 , m 2 = 12
Let the angle of intersection of the two curves at (2, 8) be θ.
tan θ =

=
=

m1 − m 2
1 + m1 m 2

8 − 12
1 + (8)(12)
4
97

θ = 2.36° (corr. to 2 d.p.)

∴ The angle of intersection of the two curves at (2, 8) is 2.36° .
12. f ( x ) = 3 x 4 + 4 x 3 − 12 x 2

f ' ( x) = 12 x 3 + 12 x 2 − 24 x
= 12 x( x + 2)( x − 1)
f ' ( x) = 0 when x = −2, 0 or 1
f (−2) = 3(−2) 4 + 4( −2) 3 − 12(−2) 2
= −32

f ( 0) = 0
f (1) = 3(1) 4 + 4(1) 3 − 12(1) 2
= −5
f (2) = 3(2) 4 + 4(2) 3 − 12(2) 2
= 32

Comparing the above values, we conclude that the greatest value is 32
and the smallest value is −32 in the interval −2 ≤ x ≤ 2.

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13.

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14.

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15.

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16. (a)

y

y = 2sin2x − 1

1

x

O

π

π
6

12

π
4

π
3


12

−1

(b) From the graph, y ≥ 0, when

π

;
≤x≤
12
12

y ≤ 0, when 0 ≤ x ≤

π


2 sin 2 x − 1, for 12 ≤ x ≤ 12
f ( x) = 
1 − 2 sin 2 x, for 0 ≤ x ≤ π or 5π ≤ x ≤ π

12 12
2


(c)

π
2

∫0
=

π

π
or
≤x≤ .
12
12
2

2 sin 2 x − 1 dx
π
12

∫0

(1 − 2 sin 2 x ) dx +
π


12

π
12

( 2 sin 2 x − 1) dx +

π
2


12

(1 − 2 sin 2 x) dx
π

= [ x + cos 2 x] 012 + [ − cos 2 x − x] 12π + [ x + cos 2 x] 52π
12

12

3
3 5π
3 π

3
π
π
)
+
− 1) + (

+
+ ) + ( −1−
+
12
2
2
12
2 12
2
12
2
π
=2 3 −2−
6
=(

17. (a) By Pyth. Thm.,

R 2 = r12 + (h 1 − R) 2
r1 = h 1 ( 2 R − h 1 )

π
2

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1
V1 = πr12 h 1
3
1
= π[h 1 (2 R − h 1 )]h 1
3
1
= πh 12 (2R − h 1 )
3
(b)

dV1 1
= π(4 Rh 1 − 3h 12 )
dh 1 3
1
= πh 1 (4 R − 3h 1 )
3
d 2V1
dh 1

2

1
= π( 4 R − 6 h 1 )
3
=

2
π(2 R − 3h 1 )
3

When h 1 =


(c)

4 R dV1
d 2V1
,
= 0 and
<0
3 dh 1
dh 12

When h 1 =

4R
, V1 attains its maximum value.
3

(i) Let ∠OAB be θ, then ∠BAC = 2θ
O

h2

C

O

R

A

B
r2

In ∆OAB, tan θ =
In ∆ABD,

R
r2

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tan 2θ =
2 tan θ
1 − tan 2 θ
2( rR )
2

1−

R2
2
r2

h2
r2

=

h2
r2

=

h2
r2

2 Rr 2 2 = h 2 (r 2 2 − R 2 )

2 Rr 2 2 = h 2 r 2 2 − h 2 R 2
r2 =

h 2R2
h 2 − 2R

1
V2 = πr 2 2 h 2
3
h R2
1
= π( 2
)h 2
3 h 2 − 2R
h 22
1
= πR 2 (
)
3
h 2 − 2R
(ii)

2
dV2 1 2 (h 2 − 2R)(2h 2 ) − h 2
= πR
dh 2 3
(h 2 − 2R) 2

1
h 2 − 4R
= πR 2 h 2
3
(h 2 − 2 R) 2
d 2V2
dh 2 2

1
(h − 2R) 2 (2h 2 − 4 R) − (h 2 2 − 4 Rh 2 )(2)(h 2 − 2R)
= πR 2[ 2
]
3
( h 2 − 2 R) 4
2
1 2 2(h 2 − 2 R) 3 − 2(h 2 − 2R)(h 2 − 4 Rh 2 )
= πR [
]
3
( h 2 − 2 R) 4

=
=

2
2
2 2 h 2 − 4 Rh 2 + 4 R 2 − h 2 + 4Rh 2
πR
3
( h 2 − 2 R) 3

8πR 4
3(h 2 − 2R) 3

When h 2 = 4 R ,

dV2
d 2V2
= 0 and
>0,
dh 2
dh 2 2

When h 2 = 4 R , V2 attains its minimum value.

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(d)

(

h (2 R − h ) 3
r1 3
) = [ 1 h R2 1 ]
2
r2
h 2 −2R

=[

h 1 (2R − h 1 )(h 2 − 2 R)
h 2R2

3

]2

2
1
V1 3 πh1 (2 R − h1 )
=
2
1 πR 2 ( h2 )
V2
3
h −2 R
2

=


h1 (2 R − h1 )(h2 − 2 R )
R 2 h22
(

r1 3 V1
) ≠
r2
V2

The circular cone in (a) and (c) are not similar.

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