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Maaden Engineering Manual

Design Criteria

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Table of Contents
1. Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 4
1.1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................ 4
1.2 Purpose ..................................................................................................................................... 4
2. Key Terms and Definitions ................................................................................................................. 4
3. Referenced Documents ...................................................................................................................... 5
3.1 Statutory Regulations ................................................................................................................. 5
3.2 Industry Codes and Standards .................................................................................................... 5
3.2.1 Local Codes and Standards ............................................................................................ 5
3.2.2 International Codes and Standards ................................................................................. 6
3.2.3 Alternative Design Codes ............................................................................................... 7
3.3 Maaden Standards .................................................................................................................... 8
3.3.1 Design Criteria ............................................................................................................... 8
3.3.2 Specifications General ................................................................................................ 8
3.3.3 Specifications Architectural ......................................................................................... 9
3.3.4 Procedures General .................................................................................................. 10
3.4 Site Data .................................................................................................................................. 10
3.5 Safety Signage .......................................................................................................................... 10
4. Building Classifications and Categories ............................................................................................ 10
4.1 Classifications .......................................................................................................................... 10
4.2 Categories................................................................................................................................ 10
4.2.1 Type A Non-Process Buildings .................................................................................. 10
4.2.2 Type B Process (Plant) Support Buildings .................................................................. 11
4.2.3 Type C Specialist Buildings ....................................................................................... 12
4.2.4 Type D Industrial Buildings ....................................................................................... 13
4.3 Functional Design Requirements ............................................................................................. 13
5. Design Parameters ........................................................................................................................... 14
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5

Safety, Reliability, Availability and Maintainability ................................................................... 14


Design Life .............................................................................................................................. 14
Provision for Future Expansion................................................................................................. 14
Standardization ........................................................................................................................ 14
Numbering of Equipment ........................................................................................................ 14

6. Architectural Design Philosophy ...................................................................................................... 14


6.1 Safety and Security................................................................................................................... 15
6.1.1 General ........................................................................................................................ 15
6.1.2 Site
........................................................................................................................ 15
6.2 Functionality ............................................................................................................................ 15
6.3 Cost Effectiveness .................................................................................................................... 16
6.4 Low Maintenance .................................................................................................................... 16
6.5 Accessibility ............................................................................................................................ 17
6.6 Image ...................................................................................................................................... 17
6.7 Consistency ............................................................................................................................. 17
6.8 Integration ............................................................................................................................... 17
7. Architectural Design Requirements.................................................................................................. 18

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7.1 Generally ................................................................................................................................. 18


7.2 Building Health, Safety and Environment ................................................................................. 19
8. Buildings .......................................................................................................................................... 21
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.13
8.14

Generally ................................................................................................................................. 21
Blast Resistant Buildings .......................................................................................................... 22
Weatherproofing...................................................................................................................... 22
Acoustics ................................................................................................................................. 23
Quarantine .............................................................................................................................. 23
Fire .......................................................................................................................................... 23
Electrical .................................................................................................................................. 24
Communications and Control .................................................................................................. 25
Mechanical HVAC ................................................................................................................ 25
Mechanical Piping and Equipment ........................................................................................ 26
Plumbing ................................................................................................................................. 26
Fit Out, Fixtures and Fittings .................................................................................................... 27
Colors .................................................................................................................................... 27
Landscaping............................................................................................................................. 28

9. Construction and Materials .............................................................................................................. 28


9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8

Floors ...................................................................................................................................... 28
Walls and Partitions ................................................................................................................. 29
Windows and Glazing ............................................................................................................. 30
Doors ...................................................................................................................................... 30
9.4.1 Personnel Doors .......................................................................................................... 30
9.4.2 Equipment Doors ......................................................................................................... 31
Ceilings ................................................................................................................................... 32
9.5.1 Flush Jointed Gypsum Board ........................................................................................ 32
9.5.2 Suspended Acoustic Tile .............................................................................................. 32
Roofs ....................................................................................................................................... 32
Materials .................................................................................................................................. 33
General Materials/Finishes Schedule ........................................................................................ 33

10. Building Specifications ..................................................................................................................... 36


11. Information To Be Provided by Designers ........................................................................................ 37
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6

Generally ................................................................................................................................. 37
Electrical .................................................................................................................................. 37
Mechanical Piping and Equipment ........................................................................................ 37
Potable Water .......................................................................................................................... 37
Waste Water ............................................................................................................................ 37
Fire Water................................................................................................................................ 37

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Design Criteria

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

1.

INTRODUCTION

1.1

Scope
This document provides Architectural design criteria for all Maaden projects within the
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with the applicable documents listed
herein.

1.2

2.

Purpose
The purpose of these design criteria are to:

Establish a common basis for the Architectural discipline design for all Maaden projects

Set the minimum engineering standard for Architectural design

Provide a generic basis of design criteria for the Architectural discipline to be used as a
guideline for those preparing Architectural designs on projects

The Architectural Design Criteria shall apply to all permanent facilities required for Mine
Industrial Areas (MIA) and Plant Industrial Areas (PIA) of the project including, but not
limited to, the following types of buildings:
Type A

Non process buildings

Administration and Amenities Buildings (i.e.


offices lunch rooms, change rooms), Clinic,
Gatehouses, etc (inclusive of temporary
facilities)

Type B

Process (plant) support


buildings

Control Rooms, Analyzer Houses, Laboratories,


Storage Facilities for process reagents and
combustible materials, etc

Type C

Specialist buildings

Blast resistant Control rooms, etc

Type D

Industrial Buildings

Maintenance Workshops, Warehouses, etc.

KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS


ACI

American Concrete Institute

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

CSI

Construction Specification Institute

EHS

Environment Health and Safety

FIP

Fire Indication Panel

HCIS

(Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of the Interior) High Commission


for Industrial Security

HVAC

Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning

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3.

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association

PCI

Pre-stressed Concrete Institute

PIP

Process Industry Practices

SBC

Saudi Building Code

SWL

Safe Working Load

UL

Underwriter Laboratories

Employer

Saudi Arabian Mining Company (Maaden) and its authorized


representatives and respective affiliates.

REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
This specification requires compliance with the provisions of the latest revision of the
relevant standards or codes of the following authorities and technical organizations, as
applicable, and specifications which shall be considered to form part of this specification,
where applicable.

3.1

Statutory Regulations
All work performed and materials furnished shall comply with the applicable statutory
regulations, codes and other requirements of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (including but not
limited to directives of the High Commission for Industrial Security, Royal Commission
regulations applicable to the Site, regulations of the Presidency of Meteorology and
Environment, Saudi Building Code and other applicable codes and regulations). The
Contractor shall ensure that he is fully aware and informed of all Government laws, local
ordinances, regulations and all orders and decrees of bodies or tribunals having any
jurisdiction or authority over the Project and/or Site, which in any manner affect the Project
and those engaged or employed on the Project, or which in any way affect the conduct of
the Work. The Contractor shall at all times observe and comply with all such Government
and/or Ministry laws, by-laws, ordinances, codes, regulations, orders and decrees.

3.2

Industry Codes and Standards


All equipment and systems shall conform to the following.

3.2.1

Local Codes and Standards


SBC: Saudi Building Code inclusive of all standards and codes referenced therein and in
particular:

PROPRIETARY &
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Section 201

Architectural

Section 301

Structural Loading and Forces

Section 304

Structural Concrete Structures

Section 305

Structural Masonry Structures

Section 306

Structural Steel Structures

Architectural Design Criteria


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HCIS

3.2.2

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011

Section 401

Electrical

Section 501

Mechanical

Section 601

Energy Conservation

Section 701

Sanitary

Section 801

Fire Protection

Rev: C01

(Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of the Interior) High Commission for Industrial
Security Safety and Security Directives for Industrial Facilities and in particular:
HCIS SAF-1

Application of Safety and Fire Protection Directives

HCIS SAF-3

Safety and Fire Protection Directives Plant Buildings

HCIS SAF-4

Safety and Fire Protection Directives Fire Protection Systems

HCIS SAF-12

Safety and Fire Protection Directives Electrical Safety

HCIS SEC-01

Application of Security Directives

HCIS SEC-02

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Fencing

HCIS SEC-03

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Gate Architecture

HCIS SEC-04

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Lighting

HCIS SEC-05

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Integrated Security


System

HCIS SEC-06

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Security Devices

HCIS SEC-07

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Power Supply

HCIS SEC-08

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Communications

HCIS SEC-09

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Doors for Security


Applications

HCIS SEC-10

Security Directives for Industrial Facilities Locks.

International Codes and Standards


NFPA 101

Code for Safety to Life from Fire in Buildings and


Structures

NFPA14

Standard for The Installation of Standpipe and Hose


Systems

TM5-1300

Structures to Resist the Effects of Accidental


Explosions, US Department of the Army, Navy and Air
Force, Washington DC 1990

BS EN ISO 11064, 1-8

Ergonomic Design of Control Centers

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3.2.3

Rev: C01

IBC

International Building Code inclusive of all standards


and codes referenced therein

ICC A117.1

International Code Council Standard for Accessible


and Usable Buildings and Facilities

PIP

ARC01015 Architectural and Building Utilities


Design Criteria

ARS08111

Standard Steel
Specification

ARS08112

Standard Steel
Specification

ARS08390

Blast Resistant Doors and Frames Specification

ARS08710

Door Hardware Supplier Specification

ARS13120

Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

STC01018

Blast Resistant Building Design Criteria

IEEE 446

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers


Emergency and Standby Power Systems for Industrial
and Commercial Application.

IEEE 518

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Guide


for the Installation of electrical equipment to Minimize
Electrical noise Inputs to Controllers from External
Sources.

IEEE 1375

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Guide


for the Protection of Stationary Battery Systems.

ISA RP60.1

International Society of Automation Control Centre


Facilities.

ISA RP60.2

International Society of Automation Control Centre


Design Guide and Terminology.

ISA RP60.3

International Society of Automation


Engineering for Control Centers.

ISA RP60.4

International Society of Automation Documentation


for Control Centers.

ISA RP60.8

International Society of Automation Electrical Guide


for Control Centers.

ISA RP60.8

International Society of Automation


Shipping and Handling for Control Centers.

Doors
Doors

and
and

Frames
Frames

Supplier
Installation

Human

Crating,

Alternative Design Codes


Alternative design codes may be used for Architectural design if approved by the Employer.

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3.3

Maaden Standards

3.3.1

Design Criteria

3.3.2

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-CRT-0001

Architectural Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-CRT-0002

Building Functional Design Requirements

MD-101-SMEM-EG-CS-CRT-0001

Control System Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-CRT-0002

Structural Design Criteria Non-Process Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-FG-CRT-0001

Fire Protection Systems Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0003

Mechanical Design Criteria - HVAC

MD-101-SMEM-EG-HS-CRT-0001

Environmental Health and Safety Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-CV-CRT-0001

Civil Design Criteria General

MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-CRT-0001

Electrical Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-TE-CRT-0001

Communication Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-PI-CRT-0001

Piping Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0001

Mechanical Stationary Equipment

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0002

Mechanical Rotating Equipment.

Specifications General
MD-101-SMEM-EG-CS-SPC-0002

Process Control System Hardware

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0001

Steelwork Fabrication

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0002

Steelwork Erection

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0004

Pre-Mixed Concrete

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0005

Concrete Works

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0007

Masonry Works

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0008

Protective Coatings for Concrete

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0009

Protective Coatings for Steelwork

MD-101-SMEM-EG-CV-SPC-0001

Earthworks

MD-101-SMEM-EG-CV-SPC-0003

Roadworks

MD-101-SMEM-EG-CV-SPC-0004

Stormwater Drainage and Underground Gravity


Sewers

MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-SPC-0001

Electrical and Instrumentation Installation

MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-SPC-0006

UPS and Battery Chargers

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3.3.3

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-SPC-0011

Distribution Boards and Local Control Stations

MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-SPC-0014

Emergency Generators

MD-101-SMEM-EG-FI-SPC-0002

Fire & Gas System General

MD-101-SMEM-EG-TE-SPC-0001

Communications Design and Installation

MD-101-SMEM-EG-TE-SPC-0002

Public Address System

MD-101-SMEM-EG-TE-SPC-0003

Telephone System

MD-101-SMEM-EG-TE-SPC-0004

Radio Equipment

MD-101-SMEM-EG-SY-SPC-0001

Access Control System

MD-101-SMEM-EG-SY-SPC-0002

Emergency Warning System

MD-101-SMEM-EG-SY-SPC-0003

CCTV Equipment

MD-101-SMEM-EG-PI-SPC-0002

Piping Materials Classes

MD-101-SMEM-EG-PI-SPC-0005

Piping Installation and Testing

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0001

HVAC Equipment

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0002

Mechanical Equipment Installation

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0006

Insulation of Hot Equipment and Piping

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0007

Protective Coating.

Specifications Architectural
MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0001

Control Room Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0002

Laboratory Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0003

Non Process Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0004

Analyser House

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0005

Equipment and Vehicle Shelters

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0006

Security Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0007

Project Site Offices (Temporary)

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0008

Maintenance Workshops

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0009

Warehouses

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0010

Fire Stations

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0011

Building Materials

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3.3.4

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Rev: C01

Procedures General
MD-101-SMEM-EG-GE-PRO-0003

Standard Asset Tagging and Identification

3.4

Site Data
All materials, equipment and work methods shall be suitable for the Site conditions as
defined in the applicable Site Data Specification.

3.5

Safety Signage
All safety related signage shall be provided in Arabic and English (United States) language.

4.

BUILDING CLASSIFICATIONS AND CATEGORIES

4.1

Classifications
Prior to commencing detail design, the statutory classification of all buildings and facilities
shall be determined in accordance with:

Use and Occupancy Classification per Chapter 2 of SBC 201, and

Clause 4 of SEC-01 Application of Security Directives which requires facilities to be


classified (Class 1,2,3or 4) to determine required levels of protection as defined within
the Security Directives.

Once established, these classifications will enable designers to develop designs for building
and facilities in keeping with statutory requirements for the use, occupancy and required
protection.
4.2

Categories
In addition to statutory classifications, Maaden has an internal system defining categories of
buildings and facilities by function to establish an overall project standard for construction
and materials.

4.2.1

Type A Non-Process Buildings


Non Process Buildings refers to buildings and facilities which accommodate personnel and
activities required to carry out administrative, technical, engineering and operations
management functions and recreational or amenities functions which support process plants.
(The building category excludes buildings and facilities for process, production and
maintenance facilities).
Non-Process Buildings include:

Plant Operations or Administration Center (Main Office, Engineering Office, Training,


etc)

Security Building and Gate House

Clinic (First Aid Building)

Mosque

Recreation building and Canteen

Gymnasium and enclosed Swimming Pool

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Garages and Driver Rest House

Telecommunications Buildings and Telecommunications Equipment Room (TERs)

Fire Station.

Type A buildings will generally comprise:

Footings of reinforced concrete

Structure and envelope of reinforced concrete and/or steel framing with plastered and
painted reinforced concrete masonry or prefabricated concrete wall panels suitable for
the application

Roof of reinforced concrete (flat with applied water proofing membrane), or steel framed
with pitched metal decking (complete with insulation) and/or prefabricated insulated
metal panels, suitable for the application. Mosque shall comprise of appealing Islamic
Architectural elements.

Refer the following documents for specific requirements:

4.2.2

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0003

Non Process Buildings (for general requirements)

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0006

Security Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0007

Project Site Offices (Temporary)

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0010

Fire Stations

Type B Process (Plant) Support Buildings


Process (Plant) Support Buildings refers to buildings and facilities which accommodate
equipment, personnel and activities required to monitor and/or control process and/or
activities and equipment. The building category excludes buildings and facilities for process,
production and maintenance facilities.
Process (Plant) Support Buildings include:

Plant Control Rooms (non blast resistant)

Analyzer House (non blast resistant)

Laboratories (low hazard type)

Operator Shelters (non blast resistant)

Equipment and vehicle shelters

Compressor and pump and similar shelters

Substations, switch rooms, motor control centers and generator house/room

Hazchem and/or dangerous goods storage facilities.

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Type B buildings will generally comprise:

Footings of reinforced concrete

Structure and envelope of reinforced concrete and/or steel framing with plastered and
painted reinforced concrete masonry or prefabricated concrete wall panels suitable for
the application

Roof of reinforced concrete (flat with applied water proofing membrane), or steel framed
with pitched metal decking complete with insulation and/or prefabricated insulated
metal panels, and suitable for the application.

Refer the following documents for specific requirements:

4.2.3

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0001

Control Room Buildings (sections relating to non


Blast resistant type)

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0002

Laboratory Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0004

Analyser House

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0005

Equipment and Vehicle Shelters

Type C Specialist Buildings


Specialist Buildings refers to buildings and facilities which accommodate equipment,
personnel and activities required to monitor and/or control process and/or activities and are
required to be blast resistant and/or required to be located in a hazardous/aggressive
environment such as:

Plant Control Buildings

Special/Hazardous Laboratory Buildings

Analyzer House

Operator Shelters.

Type C buildings will generally comprise:

Single storey structures with limited windows

Footings and floor slabs of reinforced concrete on ground

Structure and envelope of steel framing with insulated metal roof/wall panels suitable for
the application

Roof of pitched metal decking complete with insulation and/or prefabricated insulated
metal panels and suitable for the application.

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Refer the following documents for specific requirements:

4.2.4

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0001

Control Room Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0004

Analyzer House

Type D Industrial Buildings


Industrial Buildings refers to buildings and facilities which accommodate personnel and
activities required to perform maintenance and storage functions supporting the maintenance
activities necessary to sustain operability of process plants (excluding buildings and facilities
for process, production and administration facilities) such as:

Maintenance Workshops

Warehouses

Tire shelters

Bulk Fuel and Lubricants Shelters.

Type D buildings will generally comprise:

Single storey structures without or with limited windows

Footings of reinforced concrete

Structure and envelope of reinforced concrete and/or steel framing with plastered and
painted reinforced concrete masonry or prefabricated concrete wall panels suitable for
the application

Roof of reinforced concrete (flat with applied water proofing membrane) or steel framed
with pitched metal decking complete with insulation and/or prefabricated insulated
metal panels, and suitable for the application.

Refer the following documents for specific requirements:

4.3

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0008

Maintenance Workshops

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0009

Warehouses.

Functional Design Requirements


Refer MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-CRT-0002: Design Criteria Building Functional Design
Requirements for general functional requirements pertaining to architectural/structural
matters related to specific building types

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5.

DESIGN PARAMETERS

5.1

Safety, Reliability, Availability and Maintainability


The design shall ensure that components and systems meet high standards of safety,
reliability, maintainability and availability.
The design of all systems and equipment shall ensure that all operating and maintenance
activities can be performed safely, conveniently and efficiently. The systems shall be
designed and installed to ensure reliable operation in normal and fault conditions.
Risk assessment shall be performed at concept design stage and at an ongoing basis through
design process. Formal risk registers shall be produced and updated following Safety in
Design reviews.

5.2

Design Life
Unless otherwise required by the Employer, the design life expectancy for the building
envelope shall be30 years minimum, and for all internal finishes, materials, fixtures, fittings
and fitments it shall be 15 years minimum.

5.3

Provision for Future Expansion


Provision for future expansion shall be as specified by the Employer for each Project.

5.4

Standardization
To facilitate procurement, maintenance and spares holdings, design, materials, equipment,
fittings, fixtures, fitments and finishes, standardization shall be adopted throughout the
project.

5.5

Numbering of Equipment
All equipment shall be numbered in accordance with the Asset Tagging Procedure unless
other Equipment Numbering requirements are advised by the Employer for the Project.
Refer MD-101-SMEM-EG-GE-PRO-0003 Standard Asset Tagging and Identification.

6.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN PHILOSOPHY


The architectural design philosophy for all Maaden projects in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
shall incorporate the following:

Safety and security

Functionality

Cost Effectiveness

Low maintenance

Accessibility

Image

Consistency

Integration.

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6.1

Safety and Security

6.1.1

General
Personnel safety and security shall be of prime consideration for all design to ensure that the
project provides the highest practicable level of safety and security. Safety considerations
shall be integrated to all aspects of design, specification preparation, equipment selection,
construction, procedures, maintenance and operations.
Safety in design reviews and risk analysis shall be conducted prior to completion of design
utilizing project specific tools and procedures.
Hazards shall be eliminated or controlled to an acceptable level through safety oriented
design, safety devices and warning devices.
Hazardous area classification will be performed by Environmental Health and Safety (EHS)
Engineering in accordance with Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) or other hazard identification
and evaluation methods during concept development. Equipment and instruments shall be
moved outside hazardous zones wherever possible. Alternatively it shall be designed to be
intrinsically safe. Equipment and instruments locations shall be such to allow safe access for
maintenance, safe personnel movement around it and maximum protection from impact with
moving objects (e.g. forklifts).

6.1.2

Site
Dedicated vehicular roads shall be provided, separated from pedestrian walkways.
Crosswalks, clearly defined, shall be provided at points where pedestrian pathways cross
roads.
Drop-off areas at the front of buildings shall be located to minimize worker exposure to the
vehicular traffic flow.
Building entrances shall be highly visible. Placement and design of entrances shall not
present a safety hazard to pedestrians or vehicular traffic.
Safe and unobstructed access shall be provided for emergency response agencies.
The site shall be fenced with a perimeter enclosure in keeping with project guidelines and a
security building shall be provided at or near the entrance(s) with optimal sight lines to
vehicular and pedestrian entrance gates.
General site lighting shall provide safe and efficient levels of illumination in order to
maintain 24 hour operations.

6.2

Functionality
Layouts and space divisions within each building shall be logically and clearly configured
and shall accommodate the different functions and associated amenities nominated by the
Employer. Open plan layouts and common personnel amenities shall be promoted to
facilitate and encourage team work and interaction between the different departments and
groups. Efficient and well planned designs shall maximize efficiency between related
departments/services and minimize excessive travel distances.

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6.3

Rev: C01

Cost Effectiveness
The design shall take into consideration cost factors in order to achieve a balance between
economic consideration and high level of quality in space, material and equipment. Initial
capital cost savings shall be rationalized against operational and maintenance costs.
The design shall take into consideration the economy to be achieved with modular,
panelized or pre-engineered type of construction to minimize on-site time, on-site labor and
accommodation demands.
Standardization of finish materials (roofing, cladding, floor tiles, ceiling tiles, etc), building
elements (doors, windows, hardware, light fixtures, etc.) and building service systems
(electrical, mechanical, communication, control, etc.) shall also be taken into consideration
to minimize operation costs.

6.4

Low Maintenance
Generally, the buildings shall be designed to minimize the need for maintenance and to
facilitate maintenance that is unavoidable. Where possible, the following types of design
details shall be adopted:

Light fixtures and other items requiring servicing shall be accessible without the need of
special scaffolding for bulb replacement/cleaning

Wide horizontal surfaces shall be avoided and where possible use of grating shall be
promoted to avoid dust accumulation

Small horizontal surfaces (window sills or steel girts) shall be sloped or covered with a
sloping flashing

Baseboards shall be coved

Vertical structural mullions shall be used in curtain walls in preference to horizontal


framing

Vulnerable corners shall be rounded or protected to avoid chipping of finishes

Windows/glass panels shall be operable for cleaning

Glass roofs (canopies, entrances) shall be avoided

Drainage shall be provided to suit large scale washing operations

Materials/equipment shall be of durability required to sustain wash down/power wash


operations

Ledges which would encourage roosting birds shall be avoided

Exposure of vulnerable materials to impacts shall be avoided

Where required, columns, doors etc. shall be protected


curbs, guard rails, bollards, etc.

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Generally, the following design details shall be adopted:

6.5

Roofs, eaves, ceilings, walls and floors shall be sealed to prevent the ingress of dust,
vermin and insects

Additional measures to minimize ingress of dust shall be incorporated in the design of


these buildings, such as the following:

Sealing of glass windows

Sealing of external doors and other openings

Provision of air-locks where appropriate

Appropriate dust extraction/filters to air conditioning supply air intakes.

Accessibility
Buildings with office areas and/or public areas shall be accessible to people with disabilities
and include enhancements to address their special needs. An accessible route shall be
provided from parking facilities and/or drop-off areas to these buildings.
Main and secondary walkways shall be clearly marked and the minimum width shall be as
required to suit project and activity requirements and standards. Reference shall be made to:

6.6

SBC 201

Section 9-Architectural Requirements and

ICC A117.1

International Code Council Standard for Accessible and Usable


Buildings and Facilities.

Image
The modern design of the facilities shall reflect the Employers image and vision for the
future and shall be seen as a positive visual experience. Aesthetically pleasing facilities
provide a source of pride and satisfaction for the workers and the surrounding community.
The requirement for attractive facilities shall incorporate, as much as possible, Saudi Arabian
cultural and architectural influences and local/regional design features.

6.7

Consistency
Most Employer projects will comprise mainly the afore-mentioned four different types of
buildings - Non Process Buildings, Process (Plant) Support Buildings, Specialist Buildings and
Industrial Buildings. Whilst these buildings are very different in terms of size and
functionality, they shall all be in harmony with each other, providing consistency of
appearance throughout the site and reflecting the same design themes.
This shall be achieved through the use of similar type of materials and details, integrated
color schemes, and standardization of the major design elements such as signage, company
logo, external light fixtures, etc.

6.8

Integration
Existing landforms and vegetation shall be preserved wherever possible to facilitate the
integration of the site with the natural surrounding environment.

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The architectural concepts shall take into consideration the local climatic conditions and
offer adequate protection from the sun and natural ventilation.

7.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS

7.1

Generally
All buildings shall be in accordance with Saudi Building Code (SBC) Section 201
Architectural Requirements, and in particular:

Chapter 2 Use and Occupancy Classification

Chapter 3 General Building Heights and Areas

Chapter 4 Types of Construction

Chapter 5 Exterior Walls

Chapter 6 Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures

Chapter 8 Means of Egress

Chapter 9 Accessibility.

Overall building and services design shall comply with the requirements of the current
edition of the SBC including all the relevant Kingdom of Saudi Arabia standards, codes,
regulations and laws and the Employers project documents as indicated elsewhere in this
document. Where codes/standards and requirements are in conflict either the more stringent
or the one best safeguarding the interests of the Employer shall apply.
Buildings and adjacent associated structures shall be designed to take advantage of modular,
panelized, pre-engineered and transportable construction techniques as much as practicable
to allow its components (including footings, concrete floors, walls and roof structures etc) to
be pre-fabricated into transportable sections or modules wherever possible. Design shall
allow for safe and sequential construction and shall minimize labor requirements on site.
Relevant codes and standards are:
PIP-ARC01015

Architectural and Building Utilities Design Criteria

PIP-ARS13120

Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification.

Buildings shall generally be either designed as in-situ constructed buildings with concrete
footings, concrete floor slabs and bunds, steel (or concrete) framed walls and steel or
concrete framed roof construction, or as prefabricated modular buildings.
Steel (or concrete) framed walls shall be lined externally with either precast concrete panels
or steel sheet cladding.
Roofs shall be lined externally with either insulated steel sheet cladding (to steel framed
roofs) or composite materials (to concrete decks). All roofs shall be sloped. In all cases, the
minimum roof slope shall be not less than the greater of the manufacturers recommendation
and/or SBC requirements.

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Where possible buildings shall be raised above ground 450 600 mm (nominally), to
facilitate the installation of pre-fabricated units and the connection of the building services.
Floors shall be either concrete (on ground or lightweight suspended concrete), or steel
framed with sheet flooring and insulation, as appropriate for the function, application and
project needs.
Generally building roofs and walls shall have metal cladding, except otherwise required for
specific buildings e.g. flat concrete roofs to Non Process Buildings and blast resistant
facilities.
Buildings shall have a main faade including main entrance door for personnel protected by
a canopy or roof overhang and the walls shall permit entry of natural light (windows,
translucent panels, etc.). The distribution of fenestration around the buildings shall minimize
solar heat gain in keeping with the requirements of Saudi Building Code SBC 601 Energy
Conservation.
The lower part of all facades shall be protected from vehicular damage either by using
durable, scratch and impact resistant material to a minimum height of 1 m, or by introducing
sidewalks, bollards or protective barriers.
Access to buildings shall be provided by a combination of covered stairs and ramps, with
handrails.
Any associated roads and car parking areas shall be designed in accordance with:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-CV-CRT-0001

Civil Design Criteria General

MD-101-SMEM-EG-CV-SPC-0003

Roadworks Specification

and the Employers project documents to meet the site fleet movements and parking
requirements.
The design shall take into consideration any project quarantine requirements in construction
material selection.
A design growth allowance of not less than +15% shall be provided for all services except
electrical services, which shall be designed with a design growth allowance of not less than
25%, unless otherwise advised by the Employer.
7.2

Building Health, Safety and Environment


The building shall be designed to allow Employer to achieve:

Injury-free work place

Elimination/control of spills and environmental incidents

Mitigation of identified key environmental risks

Promotion of a healthy workplace and mitigation of significant health risks, and

Efficient utilization of assets and resources.

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Design development shall follow a risk-based approach to ensure that major hazards are
identified and risks eliminated as early as possible into the design process.
The building layouts and structure shall be designed to incorporate appropriate provisions for
safe access/egress for all personnel including physically impaired personnel (in normal and
in case of emergency event) and to allow safe maintenance. Design of the building, its
components and equipment shall be such that working at heights is avoided wherever
possible.
All moving equipment shall have protection guards in accordance with:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0002

Mechanical Equipment Installation.

Generally, locations of occupied buildings shall be determined during design stage and shall
not be located in fire hazard areas as determined by risk assessment studies such as Process
Hazard Analysis (PHA) or other hazard identification and evaluation methods.
Occupied buildings and facilities should be located upwind of the usual wind direction
based upon Employer approved meteorological studies.
Risk assessment shall be undertaken considering the following factors:

Safety

Environment

Constructability

Operability

Maintenance

Planning & Operation

Risks in relation to mechanical equipment (e.g. rotating equipment)

Layout, access and traffic management (inside and outside building)

Lighting (inside and outside building)

Load management, dispatch and deliveries

Manual handling

Working at heights

Handling and storage of hazardous materials

Waste on site management and disposal

Waste (effluent) water collection, treatment and disposal

Contaminated water collection, treatment and disposal

Quarantine and fumigation procedures

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Personal Protective Equipment

Training and competence

Emergency evacuation plan, and

Inspection and Auditing.

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Consideration is required in regards to the building lighting design and roof access. The
design of the lighting system shall consider the use of pulley systems so that all maintenance
can be done at ground level. External lighting shall be designed to comply with the project
requirements for safety and security.

8.

BUILDINGS

8.1

Generally
Structurally,
buildings
shall
be
designed
in
accordance
with
MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-CRT-0002
Structural Design Criteria Non-Process Buildings.
All buildings shall also be designed to meet the occupant loads as defined in Section 8.4 of
Saudi Building Code 201 Architectural.
Where required mezzanine floor structures shall be independent of the main building
structure. Such areas shall generally be located within the main building footprint, but may
be an attached area.
Concrete pavements shall be designed to allow for vehicular traffic loads, jacking loads and
static storage loads. Refer Employers vehicle and equipment list for details of equipment and
vehicles expected to either be parked, garaged or otherwise accommodated/utilized in each
respective facility. Concrete floor surfaces shall be designed and constructed to tolerances to
allow for safe traffic of all vehicles including safe operation of electrically operated forklifts.
Concrete surfaces shall be designed and constructed in accordance with:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0005

Concrete Works and/or

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0007

Masonry Works.

Wall cladding shall either be concrete masonry, pre-finished precast concrete panels, or prefinished insulated sheet steel cladding, or prefabricated insulated metal panels or a
combination of these materials, to suit the circumstances of location/design/facility.
Steel frames shall be designed with spans that will allow flexibility of internal walls. Fall
arrest anchor points for roof access for maintenance shall be provided along ridge line.
Permanent roof access system shall be provided inclusive of approved permanently fixed fall
arrest system to entire roof.
Air Conditioning Plant Enclosures shall be a steel framed structure with louvered walls and
metal cladding to roof with the color to match the main building roof cladding color.
Exits, walkways, stairways, ladders and ramps shall be designed in accordance with Section
8 of the Saudi Building Code SBC 201 Architectural Requirements.
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Main and secondary walkways, entries and exists shall be clearly marked and their minimum
width shall be as required to suit project and activity requirements and standards. Reference
shall be made to Section 9 of the Saudi Building Code SBC 201 Architectural Requirements
and ICC A117.1 International Code Council Standard for Accessible and Usable
Buildings and Facilities.
Hand rails, balustrade and kick plate (baseboard) shall be provided at every elevated
walkway and platform. Handrails and balustrade shall be provided to both sides of all stairs.
Refer to:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-CRT-0002

Structural Design Criteria Non-Process Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-HS-CRT-0001

Environmental Health and Safety Design Criteria

Relevant codes and standards are:


PIP-ARC01015
8.2

Architectural and Building Utilities Design Criteria.

Blast Resistant Buildings


A layout shall be provided designating potential blast (affected) zones within the facility.
Should buildings be required to be located within a blast (affected) zone; the buildings shall
be designed for the blast overpressure nominated on the layout provided. Where possible,
the building should be located at a distance from the plant that is not expected to be exposed
to blast overpressure. If blast protection features need to be incorporated into the design, the
building shall be in accordance with TM-5-1300: Structures to Resist the Effects of Accidental
Explosions, US Department of the Army, Navy and Air Force, Washington DC 1990.
In the event of an explosion it is acceptable for buildings to suffer some minor damage.
However, the buildings must not partially or wholly collapse, must remain operating and
must protect the building occupants.
Relevant codes and standards are:

8.3

PIP-ARS08390

Blast Resistant Doors and Frames Specification

PIP-STC01018

Blast Resistant Building Design Criteria

HCIS-SEC-06

Security Devices (Bullet Proof Glass).

Weatherproofing
Weatherproofing of buildings shall be designed to withstand the local weather conditions as
described in the Site Data Specification without water or dust/sand ingress. Flashings shall
be designed to maintain structural integrity and prevent water and dust/sand ingress. All
penetrations through external building fabric (concrete walls, steel clad walls and roofs) shall
be sealed to prevent water and dust/sand ingress. All external doors shall be weather and
dust proof.
Except for buildings required to be blast resistant, all external personnel access doors shall
have entry canopies.
All roofs shall be provided with eaves gutters and/or drains integral with roof membranes.
Gutters are required to canopies over building entries and to all main roofs of buildings.

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Gutters and downpipes shall be designed to accommodate rainfall intensities as nominated


in the Site Data Specification. Gutter and downpipes material shall color match roof/wall
cladding material color. Where possible internal (box) gutters shall be avoided.
Gutters and downpipes shall be connected directly to storm water drainage system.
Storm water shall be directed away from the building to avoid flooding and undermining of
footings.
8.4

Acoustics
Noise generated within buildings and noise generated external to buildings (i.e. plant noise)
shall be mitigated and contained via appropriate separation distances, selection of building
materials and acoustic insulation as appropriate and practicable to meet the requirements of
Chapter 7.7, Section 201 of the SBC.
All penetrations through acoustic walls and equipment/ducting within ceilings shall be
sealed to prevent noise transmission/ingress.

8.5

Quarantine
Quarantine requirements shall be included in building designs and enforced during the
construction and operation of all buildings and facilities. Treatment of construction materials
to be imported shall be considered in material selection and approved by the Employer prior
to importation.

8.6

Fire
Building designs shall incorporate the requirements of Section 801 (Fire Protection) of the
SBC.
In particular, where required by their functionality (switchgear rooms, substations, etc)
buildings shall be fire rated as per Saudi Building Code 801 Fire Protection and provided
with fire protection systems in accordance with MD-101-SMEM-EG-FG-CRT-0001: Fire
Protection Systems Design Criteria. Refer also to MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-SPC-0013: Fabricated
Switch Rooms.
All buildings shall be designed to minimize the risk of fire and to provide for quick and safe
evacuation of the occupants. Exit means leading to the outside shall be provided. There
shall be, as a minimum, two means of egress from each building and/or floor level, and from
each space/room capable of accommodating more than 20 persons.
Building occupancy classification shall be utilised to assist determination of required
construction classification and fire resistance of the various components of the building.
Refer Chapter 5 of Section 801 of SBC for general precautions against fire, emergency
planning and preparedness, fire service features and building services and systems.
Fire protection systems (sprinklers, standpipes, extinguishers, alarm and detection systems
shall
be
in
accordance
with
Chapter
7
of
Section
801
of
SBC,
MD-101-SMEM-EG-FG-CRT-0001: Fire Protection Systems Design Criteria and
MD-101-SMEM-EG-FG-SPC-0002:
Fire Alarm Systems General.

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Buildings shall be of non-combustible construction and of fire resistant materials. Fire


separations with appropriate fire resistance ratings shall be used between different
occupancies and/or hazard ratings (i.e. office/warehouse/workshop) and shall be achieved by
designing fire rated walls (e.g. prefabricated concrete panels) in keeping with Saudi Building
Code SBC in particular 201 Architectural Requirements.
Means of egress shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 8 of Section 801 of SBC.
Relevant codes and standards are:
NFPA 1
8.7

Fire Code.

Electrical
All building electrical installations shall be in accordance with:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-CRT-0001

Electrical Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-SPC-0001

Electrical and Instrumentation Installation

SBC

Section 401 (Electrical)

HCIS

Safety and Fire Protection Directives for Industrial


Facilities SAF-12 Electrical Safety and SEC 07 Power
Supply.

Design growth allowance shall be 25% minimum unless otherwise noted.


The electrical design shall comply with energy efficiency initiatives defined in Section 601
(Energy Conservation) of SBC.
Adequate lighting levels shall be provided for clear visibility. Emergency lighting shall be
provided in all building rooms and building open areas.
Refer to
MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-CRT-0001 Electrical Design Criteria.
Emergency power for essential or critical systems or equipment shall be provided.
The design of electrical systems and equipment shall ensure that all operating and
maintenance activities can be performed safely, conveniently and efficiently. The systems
shall be designed and installed to ensure reliable operation in normal and fault conditions.
Risk assessment shall be performed at concept design stage and at an ongoing basis through
design process. Formal risk registers shall be produced and updated following Safety in
Design reviews.
Equipment and instruments locations shall be such to allow safe access for maintenance, safe
personnel movement around it and maximum protection from impact with moving objects
(e.g. forklifts).
Earthing and lightning protection systems shall be compatible with those set out in statutory,
supplier and project standards/codes.

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Lighting levels shall be designed in accordance with:


SBC

Section 401 and 601

MD-101-SMEM-EG-EL-SPC-0001

Electrical and Instrumentation Installation.

Relevant codes and standards are:


NFPA 70
8.8

National Electrical Code

Communications and Control


Unless advised otherwise by the Employer, communications and control systems shall be
provided in accordance with the following:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-TE-CRT-0001

Design Criteria Communication

HCIS SEC-08

Communication Design Criteria

Systems shall be designed in installed in accordance with:


CCTV system

MD-101-SMEM-EG-SY-SPC-0003:
CCTV Equipment

Signage system including exit signs, site


instructions and maps, safety signage
(danger, caution, and warning signs)

SBC Section 201 cl 8.11requirements

Control access system for restricted


areas such as electrical, mechanical
rooms, computer rooms, etc

MD-101-SMEM-EG-SY-SPC-0001:
Access Control System

Telephone system

MD-101-SMEM-TE-SPC 0003
Telephone System

Data network system

MD-101-SMEM-EG-IT-SPC-0001:
Communication Design and Installation

Radio communication system

MD-101-SMEM-EG-TE-SPC-0004:
Radio Equipment

Telecommunications
Room (TER)

8.9

and

Electronics

NFPA 75 Standard for the Protection of


Information Technology Equipment and
NFPA 76 Standard for the Fire Protection of
Telecommunication Facilities

Mechanical HVAC
Buildings shall have a watertight, dust free, air-conditioned working environment and shall
be designed to satisfy the climatic conditions. Interior Environment shall be in accordance
with Section 7 of of Saudi Building Code 201 Architectural.
HVAC systems shall be fit for purpose, appropriate for the site conditions and comply with
SBC Section 501

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MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0003

Mechanical Design Criteria HVAC

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0001

HVAC Equipment (in particular to fresh air


requirements).

HVAC equipment shall be available from and serviced in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Equipment list and data sheets shall be submitted to the Employer for approval.
Where air conditioning is not required by the building functionality, natural ventilation
elements (louvers, ventilation panels, roof ventilators, etc.) shall be provided. All ventilation
shall be in accordance with:
Saudi Building Code SBC 501

Mechanical

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0003

Mechanical Design Criteria HVAC

Equipment design and protection/enclosure systems shall allow for exposure to direct
sunlight, rain and a saline (marine) environment if located closer than 5 kms to the sea.
NFPA 90A
8.10

Standard for the Installation of Air-conditioning and Ventilating Systems.

Mechanical Piping and Equipment


Building piping and mechanical equipment and associated distribution networks and fire
protection equipment etc for above and below ground piping type, valves, fittings including
all associated equipment, piping testing, painting, finishes and identification labels as well as
insulation requirements and all associated accessories shall be in accordance with:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-PI-SPC-0002

Piping Materials Classes

MD-101-SMEM-EG-PI-SPC-0005

Piping Installation and Testing

MD-101-SMEM-EG-PI-CRT-0001

Piping Design Criteria

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0001

Mechanical Stationary Equipment

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0002

Mechanical Rotating Equipment.

Equipment and piping protective coating shall be in accordance with:


MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0006

Insulation of Hot Equipment and Piping

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-SPC-0007

Protective Coating.

Mechanical services equipment and associated piping and all accessories shall be designed
to be fit for purpose and appropriate the site conditions.
Equipment shall be designed to meet the minimum expectations in respect of required
service life for the building.
8.11

Plumbing
Potable water, hot water, fire water and sanitary waste systems shall be designed and
installed in accordance with SBC Section 701 Sanitary.
Provide kitchens, hand wash areas, toilet facilities and water coolers for all buildings. Toilet
and wash facilities shall comprise both Eastern and Western style fixtures and fittings.

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Provide safety showers and eyewash stations to all workshops, warehouses, laboratories,
analyzer houses, battery charge facilities and all areas where hazardous material is stored
and/or used by building occupants.
Water use within the building shall comprise personnel use of potable water based on an
estimated 70 L/p/d plus water supply to fire hose reels and water use for showers, specific
equipment connected to water supply and emergency shower/eyewash stations.
The design shall assume that potable water will be provided to the building at a rate and
pressure that is equal to, or exceeds, the estimated peak flow demand and daily water
consumption.
Water heaters shall be electric heat exchanger type with minimum storage capacity of 50 L.
Thermostatic mixing valves shall be provided for maintaining hot water supply temperature
not exceeding 45oC at each hot water supply point.
8.12

Fit Out, Fixtures and Fittings


Building finishes, materials, detailing, fixtures, fitments and hardware/ironmongery shall
comply with (PIP) Process Industry Practices published codes and standards.
All sanitary fixtures shall either be first quality vitreous china and/or stainless steel plastic
will not be permitted.

8.13

Colors
The exterior color scheme shall be carefully chosen taking into account the Project and
Employer requirements for image, social and visual impact on the surrounding and the
climatic environment. Colors shall be as selected/approved by the Employer.
Unless pre-finished with a Employer approved factory applied system, the protective systems
for the following components of each project:

Non Process Buildings generally

Process Support Buildings generally

Specialist Buildings

Industrial Buildings generally

Structural steel and pipe supports

Handrails, toe pads, equipment guards

Bins and Feeders

Fans

Stacks

Tanks

Miscellaneous equipment

Special Equipment

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shall be in accordance with:

8.14

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0008

Protective Coatings for Concrete

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0009

Protective Coatings for Steelwork.

Landscaping
In addition to preserving existing vegetation, where appropriate, new vegetation shall be
provided.
The design shall include external lighting at movement level, signage, and where convenient
and appropriate, benches and vegetation. Lower lighting poles shall be used for
differentiation and accent of pedestrian zones and administration, office and parking areas.
The incorporation of these elements shall help workers to relate better with the site facilities
and promote a more pleasing, comfortable and safer walking and driving experience through
the site.

9.

CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS

9.1

Floors
Unless otherwise required by MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0005: Concrete Works, concrete
floor slabs on ground shall have a minimum thickness of 12 cm and shall be reinforced with
welded wire mesh 15 cm x 15 cm x 6 mm x 6 mm, conforming to ASTM Specification
A 158-51T or approved equal. No concrete floors shall be placed in direct contact with the
sub-grade and a vapor barrier of polyethylene film shall be placed over the sub-grade, turned
up at slab ends and tape sealed around all penetrations.
Floor slabs on ground shall be built-up on compacted fill to generally finish a minimum of
300 mm above adjacent finished ground level and a minimum of 200 mm above adjacent
finished sealed pavements for Non Process Buildings. All other buildings shall finish a
minimum of 200 mm above adjacent finished ground level and a minimum of 100 mm
above adjacent finished sealed pavements. Provide concrete apron/ramps extending
1000 mm minimum past each side door openings (on each side)to equipment doors
extending a minimum of 4000 mm out from wall to facilitate equipment access.
Suspended floors shall be insulated and have a minimum thermal resistance value in keeping
with the requirements of Saudi Building Code 601 Energy Conservation.
To reduce the potential for slipping, tripping and falling, all walking surfaces shall be
constructed of materials and provided with surface treatments, coatings and additives
selected for their slip-resistance qualities in both wet and dry conditions.
All exposed concrete floors shall be treated with chemical hardener. Floors subjected to
mechanically induced wear (workshops, warehouses and the like) shall be provided with
specialist impact/load/wear resistant toppings/applied finishes guaranteed suited for the
application by the manufacturer.
Concrete floors to chemical and/or hazardous materials storage/handling areas shall be
provided with specialist toppings/applied finish guaranteed by the manufacturer to be
resistant to chemicals involved.

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Workshop and warehouse floors shall be painted with color coded industrial quality
proprietary slip/wear resistant epoxy paint finishes to delineate pedestrian, equipment,
vehicle, work, storage zones as required for the activities.
Toilets, showers, kitchens, lunch rooms and the like shall be provided with either impact
and slip resistant ceramic tiles, or seamless sand filled epoxy topping min 6mm thick with
integral coving finishing 100 mm up walls.
General office areas shall be finished with 2.5 mm thick minimum sheet and/or vinyl tiles.
General office areas shall be finished with vinyl sheet and/or tiles. The vinyl shall be 2.5 mm
thick minimum.
Access floor systems to Control Rooms, Gate houses and the like shall be heavy duty systems
complete with risers, stringers and removable panels capable of adequately supporting the
imposed loads finishing a minimum of 300 mm above concrete sub-floor and flush with
finished floor levels to all adjacent rooms and internal spaces. Provide paint finish to
exposed concrete subfloor to minimize dusting. Fire detection and suppression and airconditioning shall be provided in accordance with:

9.2

MD-101-SMEM-EG-FG-CRT-0001

Fire Protection Systems Design Criteria and

MD-101-SMEM-EG-ME-CRT-0003

Mechanical Design Criteria HVAC

Walls and Partitions


Exterior walls shall be in accordance with Chapter 5 (Exterior Walls) of Saudi Building Code
201 Architectural.
External walls shall either be painted precast concrete, concrete masonry with paint finish to
plaster topping, insulated steel stud framing with prefinished steel sheet exterior, or
prefinished proprietary system insulated metal sandwich panel.
All external walls shall be insulated and have a minimum thermal resistance value in keeping
with the requirements of Saudi Building Code 601 Energy Conservation.
Concrete masonry walling shall be in accordance with MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0007:
Masonry Works. Plastered concrete masonry and precast concrete walls shall be protected in
accordance with MD-101-SMEM-EG-ST-SPC-0008: Protective Coatings for Concrete.
Internal walls/partitions can either be concrete masonry, or drywall on metal stud framing.
Drywall partitions shall generally be 100 mm minimum wide studs with one layer of flush
jointed 13 mm gypsum wall board each side unless required other wise to meet fire/acoustic
ratings all in accordance with manufacturers written recommendations with paint finish.
All fire/acoustic wall systems shall extend to underside of floor/roof over with all penetrations
sealed in keeping with NFPA recommendations. Proprietary fire rated systems shall be in
strict compliance with ASTM and NFPA codes and standards.
Provide acoustic insulation to all external walls exposed to plant noise sources and to all
internal walls bounding toilets, showers, meeting rooms, training rooms, kitchens and dining
rooms and control rooms to meet the requirements of Chapter 7.7, Section 201 of the SBC.

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Design Criteria

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Walls to toilets, showers, kitchens and the like shall be either concrete masonry with plaster
finish or proprietary water resistant flush jointed drywall system finished with ceramic tiles to
2100 mm above floor level complete with water proof expansion joint sealant to junction of
wall tiles with floor tiles.
Relevant codes and standards are:

9.3

ASTM

C36 Gypsum Wallboard

ASTM

C42 Gypsum Backing Board

ASTM

C475 Joint Treatment for Gypsum Wallboard Construction

ASTM

C630 Water Resistant Gypsum Backing Board

NFPA 221

Standard for High Challenge Fire Walls, Fire Walls and Fire
barrier Walls.

Windows and Glazing


Windows to air-conditioned areas shall generally be powder coat finish aluminum framing
with fixed solar heat reflective tinted glazing.
Windows to non air-conditioned buildings shall be generally tinted wired glass minimum
6 mm thick. Provide stainless steel mesh insect screens and louvers to windows required to
be openable.
Glazing to internal partitions and doors shall be laminated and/or tempered clear glass. Fire
doors shall have glazing in keeping with NFPA 80 (Standard for Fire Doors and Other
Opening Protectives).
Provide acoustic rated double glazing to windows in walls required to have acoustic rating.
Buildings required to be blast resistant shall be provided with limited and minimally sized
windows. All windows to blast resistant buildings shall have proprietary accredited ballistic
rated glazing and framing systems.

9.4

Doors

9.4.1

Personnel Doors
External personnel doors shall be hung in metal frames with solid timber door leafs to Non
Process Buildings, and in metal frames with metal clad door leafs to Industrial Buildings,
Process Support Buildings and Specialist Buildings. All external doors shall be provided with
hydraulic operated closers and glazed vision panels. Double doors shall be provided with
proprietary seals to meeting stiles. Main entrance door shall be of width to permit access by
persons with disabilities.
Internal doors shall be solid core timber door leafs hung in metal frames with glazing panels
to suit. All doors to toilets, control rooms and the like shall be provided with hydraulic
operated closers.

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Design Criteria

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

All doors shall be provided with door stops and hung on 3 off 100 mm stainless steel butt
hinges. All external, toilet and kitchen/dining doors shall be provided with 200 mm high
stainless steel kick plates to both sides of each door leaf. Provide proprietary heavy duty
commercial quality door seals to all edges of all external doors and all doors required to be
acoustically rated.
All doors shall be sized to permit access by all equipment intended to be located within the
buildings/rooms without dismantling/removal of doors.
Door, fitments, hardware and ironmongery shall be stainless steel heavy duty commercial
quality and comply with (PIP) Process Industry Practices published codes and standards.
Fire doors shall be NFPA accredited manufacture and installation and certified compliant on
completion.
Toilet and shower cubicle partition and door systems shall be proprietary commercial
quality.
Relevant codes and standards are:

9.4.2

HCIS-SEC-09

Doors for Security

HCIS-SEC-10

Locks

PIP-ARS08111

Standard Steel Doors and Frames Supplier Specification

PIP-ARS08111

Standard Steel Doors and Frames Supplier Specification

PIP-ARS08112

Standard Steel Doors and Frames Installation Specification

PIP-ARS08390

Blast Resistant Doors and Frames Specification

PIP-ARS08710

Door Hardware Supplier Specification

NFPA 80

Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives.

Equipment Doors
Equipment doors shall generally be industrial quality heavy duty electric operated roll-up
galvanized steel shutters with back-up chain override manual operation.
Fast acting internal doors to dust controlled environments and/or large openings (i.e. either
greater than 10 m wide or 7 m high) shall be provided with electrically operated lift-up fabric
curtain door equivalent to Megadoor complete with back-up chain override manual
operation.
Fast acting lift up insulated multi panel doors to air-conditioned environments shall be
provided with electrically operated segmented lift up insulated panel metal faced outer doors
complete with back-up chain override manual operation. Heavy duty clear plastic strip
curtain to full extent of door opening shall be provided to prevent ingress of contaminated
un-conditioned air.

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Design Criteria

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Concrete filled steel pipe bollards shall be provided to each equipment door. Bollards shall
be minimum 200 mm dia for bollards to 2500 mm high and 300 mm dia for bollards greater
than 2500 mm high. Bollards shall be aligned with doorways so as to be centered on each
door jamb and positioned 1500 mm out from door jambs for 200 mm dia bollards and
2500 mm out for 300 mm dia. bollards. Height of bollard shall finish equal to eye height
of operator of largest vehicle intended to pass through doorway (and be 2000 mm
minimum). Bollards shall be imbedded into concrete footing equal to 30% of their height
above footings. All bollards shall be painted Safety Yellow.
9.5

Ceilings

9.5.1

Flush Jointed Gypsum Board


Gypsum board ceilings shall comply with ASTM standards, be flush jointed and paint
finished. Ceilings can either be fixed onto metal furring channels fixed directly to structural
framing or fixed to proprietary suspension system hung from structural framing/soffits.
Provide water resistant board to toilet, shower/bath areas and kitchens.
Proprietary fire rated systems shall be in strict compliance with ASTM and NFPA codes and
standards.

9.5.2

Suspended Acoustic Tile


Lay-in style acoustic panel systems set in proprietary white pre-finished aluminum
suspension systems in compliance with ASTM codes.
Relevant codes and standards are:

9.6

ASTM

C36 Gypsum Wallboard

ASTM

C42 Gypsum Backing Board

ASTM

C475 Joint Treatment for Gypsum Wallboard Construction

ASTM

C630 Water Resistant Gypsum Backing Board

ASTM

C635 Metal Suspension Systems for Acoustical Tile lay-in Panel


Ceilings.

Roofs
Roof overhang shall be provided at building entrances and where possible, on the perimeter
to protect windows from direct sunlight. Roofs shall be in accordance with Chapter 6
(Roofing Assemblies and Roof Top Structures) of Saudi Building Code 201 Architectural.
Roofs shall be insulated and have a minimum thermal resistance value in keeping with the
requirements of Saudi Building Code 601 Energy Conservation.
Roofs shall either be factory prefinished steel cladding, or flat concrete roof assemblies
(comprising concrete base with built up water proof membrane assemblies, complete with
insulation). Concrete roofs shall have 1:100 falls minimum to outlets and steel roofs shall be
pitched to suit manufacturers recommendations for profiles selected, and be provided with
insulation board system or comprise prefabricated insulated panel systems.

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Design Criteria

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Provide 50 mm minimum screed topping over membrane with 400 x 400 x 40 grouted precast concrete tiles, to flat concrete roofs.
Provide gutters and downpipes sized to suit design rain fall events defined by the
meteorological data for the site. Provide tell-tale gutter overflows and connect downpipes
to underground drainage systems.
Relevant codes and standards are:

9.7

ASTM

C537 Specification for Pre-formed Block Type Cellular Polystyrene Thermal


Insulation

ASTM

C591 Specification for Rigid Pre-formed Cellular Urethane Thermal Insulation

ASTM

CD41 Specification for Asphalt Primer Used in Roofing, Damp Proofing and
Waterproofing

ASTM

CD226 Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and


Waterproofing

ASTM

CD249 Specification for Asphalt- Roll Roofing (Organic Felt) in Roofing and
Waterproofing

ASTM

0312 Specification for Asphalt Used in Roofing.

Materials
Refer to MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0011 Building Materials

9.8

General Materials/Finishes Schedule


Table 9-1 : General Materials/Finishes Schedule
Room Type

Floor

Wall

Ceiling

General
Office areas

Welded seam sheet vinyl


and/or vinyl tiles and/or
rubber backed carpet tiles

Suspended acoustic lay-in


ceiling tiles

Reception
lobbies,
meeting
rooms

Rubber backed Carpet


Tiles

Laboratory
(wet and/or
sample prep
areas)

Concrete with surface


hardener and non slip
finish

Training
Rooms

Welded seam sheet vinyl


and/or vinyl tiles and/or
rubber backed carpet tiles

Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted flush jointed
gypsum board
demountable partitions
Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted flush jointed
gypsum board
demountable partitions
Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted water resistant
flush jointed gypsum
board demountable
partitions
Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted flush jointed
gypsum board
demountable partitions

PROPRIETARY &
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Architectural Design Criteria


Doc No: MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-CRT-0001

Suspended acoustic
lay-in ceiling tiles and/or
painted gypsum board
Painted water resistant
flush jointed gypsum
board

Suspended acoustic lay-in


ceiling tiles

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Design Criteria
Room Type

Floor

Mosques and
Prayer
Rooms

Rubber backed Carpet


Tiles

Equipment
Rooms

Terrazzo tile and/or steel


trowel conc. finished
with metallic floor
hardener and non slip
finish
Provide painted
delineation of
movement/work/vehicle/s
torage areas
Acid/reagent and impact
resistant ceramic tiles
and/or sand filled epoxy
topping min 6 mm thick

Laboratory
(analytical
areas)

Control
Room

Gatehouse

Computer
Room

Canteen and
Mess Room
Kitchen and
Kitchen store

Wash Room
and Shower
Room

PROPRIETARY &
CONFIDENTIAL

Welded seam sheet vinyl


and/or vinyl tiles and/or
rubber backed carpet tiles
and vinyl faced panels to
raised access floor system
Welded seam sheet vinyl
and/or vinyl tiles and/or
rubber backed carpet tiles
and vinyl faced panels to
raised access floor system
Welded seam sheet vinyl
and/or vinyl tiles and/or
rubber backed carpet tiles
and vinyl faced panels to
raised access floor system
Impact resistant ceramic
tiles and/or welded seam
sheet vinyl and/or vinyl
tiles
Cooking and impact
resistant ceramic tiles
and/or sand filled epoxy
topping min 6 mm thick

Slip and impact resistant


ceramic tiles and/or sand
filled epoxy topping min
6 mm thick

Wall

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Ceiling

Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted flush jointed
gypsum board
demountable partitions
Plastered concrete
masonry and/or flush
jointed water resistant
gypsum board
demountable partitions
and/or pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels

Painted plastered
concrete vaulted ceiling,
or suspended acoustic
lay-in ceiling tiles

Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted water resistant
flush jointed gypsum
board demountable
partitions
Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted flush jointed
gypsum board
demountable partitions
Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted flush jointed
gypsum board
demountable partitions
Painted plastered
concrete masonry and/or
painted flush jointed
gypsum board
demountable partitions
Plastered and painted
demountable partition,
semi-porcelain glazed tile

Suspended acoustic lay-in


ceiling tiles and/or
painted gypsum board

Plastered concrete
masonry and/or flush
jointed water resistant
gypsum board
demountable partitions
with proprietary gloss
surfaced prefinished
lining to 2100 mm above
floor
Plastered concrete
masonry and/or flush
jointed water resistant
gypsum board
demountable partitions
with glazed ceramic tile
to 2100 mm above floor

Painted water resistant


flush jointed gypsum
board

Architectural Design Criteria


Doc No: MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-CRT-0001

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels and/or insulation
boards

Suspended acoustic lay-in


ceiling tiles and/or
painted gypsum board
Suspended acoustic lay-in
ceiling tiles and/or
painted gypsum board
Suspended acoustic lay-in
ceiling tiles and/or
painted gypsum board
Suspended acoustic lay-in
ceiling tiles

Painted water resistant


flush jointed gypsum
board

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Design Criteria
Room Type

Floor

Toilet Room

Slip and impact resistant


ceramic tiles and/or sand
filled epoxy topping min
6 mm thick

Locker Room

Slip and impact resistant


ceramic tiles and/or sand
filled epoxy topping min
6 mm thick

Electrical
Shop,
Instrument
Shop,
Mechanical
Shop

Terrazzo tile and/or steel


trowel conc. finished
with metallic floor
hardener and non slip
finish
Provide painted
delineation of
movement/work/vehicle/s
torage areas
Steel trowel concrete
finish w/metallic floor
hardener and non slip
finish.
Provide painted
delineation of
movement/work/vehicle/s
torage areas
Steel trowel concrete
finish w/metallic floor
hardener and non slip
finish.
Provide painted
delineation of
movement/work/vehicle/s
torage areas
Steel trowel concrete
finish w/metallic floor
hardener and non slip
finish.
Provide painted
delineation of
movement/work/equipme
nt/storage areas
Steel trowel concrete
finish with floor hardener
and non slip finish.
Provide painted
delineation of
movement/work/equipme
nt/storage areas

Vehicle,
heavy
equipment
and
fabrication
workshops
Warehouse
and
Storage
Room

Analyzer
House

Equipment
and Vehicle
shelters

PROPRIETARY &
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Wall

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Ceiling

Plastered concrete
masonry and/or flush
jointed water resistant
gypsum board
demountable partitions
with glazed ceramic tile
to 2100 mm above floor
Plastered concrete
masonry and/or flush
jointed water resistant
gypsum board
demountable partitions
with glazed ceramic tile
to 2100 mm above floor
Plastered concrete
masonry and/or flush
jointed water resistant
gypsum board
demountable partitions
and/or pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels

Painted water resistant


flush jointed gypsum
board

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels and/or insulation
boards

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels and/or insulation
boards

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels and/or insulation
boards

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels and/or insulation
boards

Architectural Design Criteria


Doc No: MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-CRT-0001

Painted water resistant


flush jointed gypsum
board

Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels and/or insulation
boards

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Design Criteria

10.

Room Type

Floor

Switch room
and generator
room

Steel trowel concrete


finish with floor hardener
and non slip finish.
Provide painted
delineation of
movement/work/equipme
nt/storage areas

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Wall
Plastered concrete
masonry and/or Prefinished steel insulated
sandwich panels

Ceiling
Pre-finished steel
insulated sandwich
panels and/or insulation
boards

BUILDING SPECIFICATIONS
Certain specific building types have been provided with dedicated specifications as follows:
MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0001

Control Room Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0002

Laboratory Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0003

Non Process Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0004

Analyser House

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0005

Equipment and Vehicle Shelters

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0006

Security Buildings

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0007

Project Site Offices (Temporary)

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0008

Maintenance Workshops

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0009

Warehouses

MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0010

Fire Stations

The purpose of the specific building specifications is to set the minimum standard for the
design of particular buildings. Accordingly, these specifications provide generic design
criteria to be used as guides by those preparing specific building specifications. As these
documents do not refer to a particular building for a particular project, each respective
designer shall exclude/include requirements as required to suit the specific needs, size and
type of each particular Maaden project.
The building related specifications are intended to be used in conjunction with applicable
statutory documentation (i.e. HCIS, Saudi Building Code, etc) and are to be modified by
specific Employer needs for each project and as determined by risk assessment studies such
as Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) or other hazard identification and evaluation methods.
Refer MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-CRT-0002: Design Criteria Building Functional Design
Requirements for general functional requirements pertaining to architectural/structural
matters related to specific building types.

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Architectural Design Criteria


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Design Criteria

Rev. Date: 07 Dec 2011


Rev: C01

Building finishes, materials, detailing, fixtures, fitments and hardware/ironmongery shall


comply with Maaden general engineering Standards and (PIP) Process Industry Practices
published codes and standards and MD-101-SMEM-EG-AR-SPC-0011: Building Materials.

11.

INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED BY DESIGNERS

11.1

Generally
Equipment and materials for a given purpose shall be of same type and manufacture
throughout, and shall be selected from standard equipment/material list provided and
approved by the Employer. Equipment/material not included in this approved list shall be
permitted.

11.2

Electrical
Each building shall be assessed for estimated maximum demand. The Contractor shall
obtain power demands including equipment demands such as air conditioning system
requirements.
Prior to finalizing electrical infrastructure cable and equipment sizing estimated maximum
demand shall be reviewed. This shall be confirmed to the Employer as early as possible in
design phase to ensure temporary early stage power supply is appropriately sized. Similarly,
location of and cable access route to the Building Main Switchboard shall also be advised to
the Employer as early as possible within design phase.

11.3

Mechanical Piping and Equipment


Equipment Data Sheets and installation documentation for all equipment shall be provided
for approval by the Employer prior to placing any orders.
Mechanical equipment registration documentation shall be submitted to authorities and
equipment registered as per statutory requirements with all registration certification provided
to Employer as obtained.

11.4

Potable Water
Provide to the Employer the volume of water and profile for each branch that draws water
from the potable water main.

11.5

Waste Water
Provide to the Employer the expected volume of waste water and discharge profile for each
branch that discharges water to the site waste water system.
The Contractor shall submit the expected quality for environmental review. Wastewater
considered unacceptable shall be excluded from the wastewater collection system and shall
be collected separately and either treated to an acceptable level and released into the
environment or removed.

11.6

Fire Water
The Contractor shall submit to the Employer the required minimum and maximum fire water
supply pressure, maximum flow of fire water and minimum supply duration for each branch
that draws fire water from the site fire water ring main.

PROPRIETARY &
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Architectural Design Criteria


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