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Topic

8.0 Introduction to Ceiling

Estimation

What is Ceiling?
Ceiling is the visible overhead surface of a room and the material used to cover
this surface. It provides the function as sound-absorption surface, as holder
concealment of utility lines and fixtures of electrical, plumbing and heating and airconditioning.
There are two types of ceiling construction, the non-suspended and suspended
ceiling. Non suspended ceiling is installed directly under the bottom chords of the
trusses and rafters. This is method is used if the maximum clear height of the
ceiling height is desired. However, non-suspended method of ceiling construction
come in two kinds, one that is traditionally concealing the entire roof or floor
framing and the other one that is exposing the roof or floor framing except the
purlins from where the ceiling surface is attached to.
Suspended ceiling is the method of ceiling construction from where the ceiling
surface line is suspended from the bottom of the roof or floor framing joists to
create designs and variations of ceiling heights.

Ceiling Frames and Materials


Wood ceiling frames are called ceiling joists. It consists of joists from where the
ceiling boards are nailed to and nailers to help secure the rigidity of the joists'
attachment to the roof or floor framing. For steel framing construction, the frames
are called metal tracks. The metal can either be in form of channels or tees. It is
usually secured with the manufacturer's specifications. However, in some instances
where the channels are used as ceiling frames, it is commonly constructed as if
using the wood. The only difference is the material used and the method of
attachment.
Ceiling boards can either be a 1/4" or 3/8" thick plywood or 1/4" thick fiber
cement boards or 3/8" or 1/2" thick gypsum boards. The decision on what material
to use as ceiling board depends to the area of location, applicable installation
method and the budget to execute the ceiling design.

Some Basics of Ceiling


1. Ceiling design, choice of materials and method of construction seem minute
details but greatly enhance the overall interior design of the house. The ceiling design

must contribute to the owner's preference and character of the house. The choice of
materials to be used, either wood joists or steel frames must suit to the availability of
the budget and materials in the area for procurement and maintenance. The method
of construction shall be given emphasis for the purpose of sound engineering.

TOPIC 8.2

LOWER CEILING ESTIMATION

Item 1. Estimating for Lower Ceiling using Steel Joists and 4mm hardiflex fiber
cement board.

1.

Refer to Cross Section.


Check the location of ceiling.

2. The total area of Lower Floor is 42.00 sqm.


3. The area covered by the stairwell is 6.10 sqm.
4.

Net area for lower floor ceiling is 35.90 sq.m

5. The materials to be used for joists are:

(DFC) double furring channel:


(CC) carrying channel:

5.00m lgth
5.00m lgth

w-clip: 1 clip per DFC-CC intersection

6. The layout for the joist is 2' x 2'.

7. The Carrying Channel is at every 1.20 m spacing along the house width. Compute:

8.

9.

10.

7.00 / 1.20

5.83 pcs x 6.00

34.98 / 5.00

6.99, say 7 lgth

Compute for the Double Furrying Channel.


=

(7.00 / 0.60) x 6.00

70.00 m / 4.70 effective length of DFC

14.89, say 15 pcs along the width

(6.00 / 0.60) x 7.00

70.00 m / 4.70 effective length of DFC

14.89, say 15 pcs along the length

Compute the W-clip:


=

7 lgth of CC x 5.00

35.00 m / 0.60 spacing of layout

58.33, say 59 pcs

Compute the 4mm hardiflex fiber cement board:

11.

35.90 sqm / 2.44

14.71, say 15 sheets

Compute for the Gypsum Putty.

12.

35.90 sqm x .05

1.80, say 2 gallons

Compute for the rivets.

13.

35.90 x 0.02 pcs per sqm

0.72, say 1 box of 1/8 x 3/4 rivets

Compute for the concrete nails:


=

35.90 x.05

1.80, say 2 kg of 1 1/2" concrete nails

Summary:

double furring channel:


=

15 +15

30 lgth + 10% allowance

33 lgth

carrying channel:

w-clip:
=

2 kg

4mm hardiflex:
=

1 box

1 1/2 concrete nails:


=

59 pcs

1/8 x 3/4 rivets:


=

7 lgth

15 sheets

gypsum putty:
=

2 gallons

TOPIC 8.2

LOWER CEILING ESTIMATION

Item 1. Estimating for Lower Ceiling using Steel Joists and 4mm hardiflex fiber
cement board.

1.

Refer to Cross Section.


Check the location of ceiling.

2. The total area of Lower Floor is 42.00 sqm.

3. The area covered by the stairwell is 6.10 sqm.


4.

Net area for lower floor ceiling is 35.90 sq.m

5. The materials to be used for joists are:

(DFC) double furring channel:


(CC) carrying channel:

5.00m lgth
5.00m lgth

w-clip: 1 clip per DFC-CC intersection

6. The layout for the joist is 2' x 2'.

7. The Carrying Channel is at every 1.20 m spacing along the house width. Compute:

8.

7.00 / 1.20

5.83 pcs x 6.00

34.98 / 5.00

6.99, say 7 lgth

Compute for the Double Furrying Channel.


=

(7.00 / 0.60) x 6.00

70.00 m / 4.70 effective length of DFC

14.89, say 15 pcs along the width

(6.00 / 0.60) x 7.00

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

70.00 m / 4.70 effective length of DFC

14.89, say 15 pcs along the length

Compute the W-clip:


=

7 lgth of CC x 5.00

35.00 m / 0.60 spacing of layout

58.33, say 59 pcs

Compute the 4mm hardiflex fiber cement board:


=

35.90 sqm / 2.44

14.71, say 15 sheets

Compute for the Gypsum Putty.


=

35.90 sqm x .05

1.80, say 2 gallons

Compute for the rivets.


=

35.90 x 0.02 pcs per sqm

0.72, say 1 box of 1/8 x 3/4 rivets

Compute for the concrete nails:


=

35.90 x.05

1.80, say 2 kg of 1 1/2" concrete nails

Summary:

double furring channel:


=

15 +15

30 lgth + 10% allowance

33 lgth

carrying channel:
=

w-clip:
=

2 kg

4mm hardiflex:
=

1 box

1 1/2 concrete nails:


=

59 pcs

1/8 x 3/4 rivets:


=

7 lgth

15 sheets

gypsum putty:
=

2 gallons