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AUTHOR INDEX

Agarwal, R.G.

Domselaar, H.R. van

Alden, R.C.

Donohue, D.A.T.

Al-Hussainy, R.

Dowdle, W.L.

Amyx, J.W.

Dranchuk, P.M.

Aziz, K.

Dumor, J.M.

Bass, D.M.

Earlougher, R.C., Jr.

Bell, W.T.

Essis, A.E.

Bentsen, R.G.

Everdingen, A.F. van

Berry, D.W.
Biot, M.A.

Fetovitch, M.J.

Blackwell, R.J.

Field, R.Q.

Blair, P.M.
Boburg, T.C.
Bradley, J.S.
Brar, G.S.
Breitenback, E.A.
Brons, F
Brown, G.G.
Bruns, J.R.
Bruskotter, J.F.
Buckley, S.E.
Burrows, D.B.
Campbell, J.M.
Carr, N.L.
Carslaw, H.S.
Carter, R.D.
Chapman, R.E.
Chappelear, J.E.
Coats, K.H.
Cobb, W.M.
Cole, F.W.
Craft, B.C.
Craig, F.F.
Crawford, P.B.
Daalen, F. van
Darcy, H.
Dempsey, J.R.
Denson, A.H.
Dietz, D.N.
Dodson, C.R.
Doh, C.A.

Geertsma, J.
Gewers, C.W.W.
Goodrich, J.H.
Goodwill, D.
Gulati, M.S.
Hagoort, J.
Hall, K.R.
Hastings, J.R.
Havlena, D.
Hawkins, M.F., Jr.
Hazebroek, P.
Hearn, C.L.
Heintz, R.C.
Henderson, J.H.
Herbeck, E.F.
Hirasaki, G.J.
Horner, D.R.
Hurst, W.
Jacquard, P.
Jaeger, J.C.
Jones, L.G.
Katz, D.L.
Kazemi, H., Jr.
Kentie, C.J.P.
Kersch, K.M.
King Hubbert, M.,
Kingston, P.E.
Klinkenberg, L.J.

AUTHOR INDEX

Knaap, W. van der

Poollen, H.K. van

Ko, S.
Kobayashi, R.
Kumar, A.

Quon, D.
Raghavan, R.

Langenheim, R.H.

Ramey, H.J., Jr.

Lantz, R.B.

Rawlins, E.L.

Lebourg, M.

Reudelhuber, F.O.

Letkeman, J.P.

Richardon, J.G.

Leverett, M.C.

Ridings, R.L.

Lynch, E.J.

Riley, H.G.
Rogers, W.L.

McCain, W.D.

Russell, D.G.

MacDonald, R.C.
McFarlane, R.C.

Schellhardt, M.A.

McKinley, R.M.

Schilthuis, R.J.

McMahon, J.J.

Schueler, S.

Marting, V.E.

Schultz, A.L.

Marx, J.W.

Seguier, P.

Marthar, L.

Selig, F.

Matthews, C.S.

Smith, J.T.

Mayer, E.H.

Staggs, H.M.

Meitzen, V.C.

Standing, M.B.

Merle, H.A.

Stiles, W.E.

Miller, F.G.
Millers, S.C., Jr.
Moreland, E.E.
Morrow, N.R.
Mueller, T.D.

Takacs, G.
Teeuw, D.
Terhune, Mary H.
Thomas, G.W.
Thurnau, D.H.

Nichol, L.R.

Timmerman, E.L.

Nielsen, R.L.

Todd, M.R.

Niko, H.

Troost, P.J.P.M.

Nolen, J.S.
Northern, I.G.
Oberfell, G.B.
Odeh, A.S.
O'Dell, P.M.
Opstal, G.H.C. van

Urbanosky, H.J.
Walstrom, J.E.
Wattenbarger, R.A.
Weber, A.G.
Weinaug, C.F.
Welge, H.J.

Peaceman, D.W.

Whiting, R.L.

Perry, G.E.

Wong, S.W.

Pinson, A.E., Jr.

Yarbourough, L.

423

SUBJECT INDEX

Abnormal fluid pressure


Absolute permeability
measurement of
Acceleration project
Acid treatment
Afterflow
Afterflow analysis
Earlougher and Kersch
McKinley
Ramey
Russell
Al-Hussainy, Ramey and Crawford:
real gas flow
Amerada pressure gauge
Aquifer
average pressure,
bounded,
compressibility, total,
constant,
encroachable water
encroachable angle
fitting
infinite acting
model

Bachaquero field (Venezuela),


Back pressure testing,
Basic differential equation, radial flow,
conditions of solution,
derivation of,
linearization, real gas,
linearization, general,
linearization, liquid,
Basic well test analysis equation:
general,
for liquid,
for real gas,
Beykan field (Turkey),
Bolivar Coast fields (Venezuela),
Boltzmann's transformation,
Boundary conditions,
constant pressure,
infinite,
no-flow,
Breakthrough:
of water in a producing well,
premature,
saturation,
time,

pressure decline

Brent field (North Sea),

productivity index

Brons and Marting, partial well

steady state

penetration,

Aquifer expansion

Bubble point

time dependence of
Aquifer geometry:

line,
pressure,

general,

Buckley-Leverett one dimensional

linear,

displacement,

radial,

stability of,

Average reservoir pressure,


Averaged relative permeability and
saturation (see Thickness averaged
relative permeability)

Buckley-Leverett equation,
derivation of,
mathematical difficulty with,
Buildup (see Pressure buildup)

425

SUBJECT INDEX

By-passing:
critical rate to prevent,
oil by gas,
oil by water,

Comparison between p and m(p)


solution
techniques, real gas flow,
Compressibility, isothermal,
application of basic definition,

Capillary:
force,
-gravity equilibrium,
rise, capillary tube experiment,
rise, in the reservoir,
tube,
Capillary pressure,

aquifer, total
effective, saturation weighted,
(undersaturated reservoir)
fluids in the well,
oil,
pore,
total, gas saturated reservoir,

equation,

total, saturation weighted

Laplace equation,

(undersaturated reservoir),

negative value,

water,

psuedo (see Psuedo capillary


pressure)
Capillary pressure curve (function):

Compressibility program for


generating thickness averaged
relative permeabilities,

laboratory determination,

numerical simulation,

oil-water, drainage,

well test analysis,

oil-water, imbibition,
Capillary pressure gradient,
neglected in description of segregated
flow,
neglect in fractional flow equation,
Capillary transition zone,
allowance for in displacement
calculations,

Condensate, retrograde,
Conduction heat transfer, to
cap and base rock,
reservoir from cap and base rock,
Coning,
Connate water saturation,
expansion of,

(homogeneous reservoir), (layered

Constant terminal pressure solution

reservoir), compared to reservoir

(radial diffusivity equation),

thickness, lack of,

Constant terminal rate solution (radial

Carbon dioxide flooding,


Coats, K.H.,
Coefficient of inertial resistance,
dependence on liquid saturation,
experimental determination of units of,

diffusivity
equation):
liquid,
real gas,
semi-steady state flow (liquid, (real
gas)

Combination drive,

transient flow (liquid),

Compaction,

(real gas)

cell,

Constant volume depletion

derive,

experiment,

Compaction curve,
hysteresis of,

Contact angle,
hysteresis of,

426

SUBJECT INDEX

Convection heat loss,

Diffuse flow conditions,

Correction of measured wellbore

Diffusivity constant,

pressure to a

Diffusivity equation (see Radial diffusivity

datum level,

equation)

Correction of PVT differential data to

Dimensionless cumulative oil production:

allow for

moveable oil volumes,

surface separation,

pore volumes,

Cricodentherm,

Dimensionless cumulative water influx

Critical:

function,

point,

maximum value of, bounded aquifer,

pressure,

plots of ,

saturation (see Saturation, critical)

superposition of,

temperature,
Critical rate for by-passing:
oil by gas,
oil by water,
Damage to formation,
Darcy:
Henry,
the,
units,
Darcy's
experiment,
flow coefficient, gas,
law, linear flow,
law radial flow,
Datum
plane,
pressure,
Depletion drive, gas reservoir,
development planning:
gas field,
general,

Dimensionless cumulative water injected:


moveable oil volumes,
pore volumes,
Dimensionless pressure functions:
definition of
difficulty in application,
general expression for any value of
the flowing time,
generation of,
semi-steady state,
superposition of,
transient,
Dimensionless pressure/pseudo pressure
function for any fluid,
superposition of,
transient,
Dimensionless pseudo pressure, gas-oil,
Dimensionless radius:
aquifer/reservoir,
reservoir/wellbore,
Dimensionless real gas pseudo pressure
function,

Dew point line,

difficulty in application,

Dietz:

general expression for any value of

determination of average pressure in

the flowing time,

a buildup survey,

generation of,

segregated displacement,

semi-steady state,

shape factors,

superposition of,

Differential liberation experiment,

transient,

427

SUBJECT INDEX

Dimensionless time, tD:

" "

, oil, 9

aquifer,

" "

, oil, real gas,

reservoir,

multi-rate drawdown analysis, oil

Dimensionless time, tDA,

multi-rate drawdown analysis, real

difficulty in evaluation for a real gas,

gas,

Dimensionless time for semi-steady state

single rate drawdown analysis, oil,

flow, (tDA)SSS,

" "

Dimensionless variable, pressure

"

"

Effective well bore raduis,

analysis,

End point:

reasons for use,

mobility ratio, gas/oil,

Dip-angle of reservoir,
effect on the fractional flow equation,
Displacement:
immiscible (see Immiscible
displacement) miscible,

, real gas,

mobility ratio, water/oil,


relative permeabilities, gas-oil,
relative permeabilities, water-oil,
Equations of state:
ideal gas,

Dissolved gas (see Gas, disolved)

real gas,

Distillation of crude oil in the reservoir,

van der Waals,

Distortion of radial flow in the vicinity of a

Equivalent gas volume,

well,

Erosion of surface,

Dodson's PVT experiment,

Essis-Thomas analysis,

Drainage (capillary),

Euler's constant,

Drill stem test,

Everdingen, A.F. van, mechanical skin

Drilling mud,

factor

Drive mechanisms (see Reservoir drive

(see Mechanical skin factor)

mechanisms)

Expansion of reservoir fluids,

Dry gas re-cycling,

Exploration well,

Dynamic grid block pressure,

Exponential integral,
logarithmic approximation,

Earlougher, R.C., Jr:


afterflow anlaysis,

Fetovictch, M.J.,

digitized MBH charts,

comparison between calculated water

dynamic grid block pressure,

influx and that of Hurst and van

generation of MBH charts,

Everdingen,

pressure drawdown analysis,


Effective flowing time,
Effective permeability,
curves, oil-water,
saturation dependence,
Effective permeability, measurement of:
afterflow analysis
buildup analysis, gas-oil,

equations for water influx


modified method for large aquifers,
Final flow rate,
Finite difference approximation
Flash expansion of:
oil sample to determine the bubble
point pressure,
separator oil sample,

428

SUBJECT INDEX

unit volume of bubble point oil


through model separators,

Gas
composition,
compressibility (isothermal),

Flow charts:
calculation of flowing pressure in a

condensate,

gas well,

constant, universal,

Kazemi iteration,

density,

predication of pressure decline in a

disposal,

water drive gas reservoir,

dissolved (solution),
equation of state (see Equation of

Flowing pressure survey,

state)

Flowing time

expansion factor,

Fluid:

expansion in the reservoir,

contacts in the reservoir,

flow, (see Real gas flow)

distributions in the well,

flow velocity in the reservoir

potential equilibrium,

formation volume factor,

Fluid samples:

gravity,

subsurface collection,

ideal,

surface recombination,

injection,

Forchheimer equation,

liberated, solution,

Formation volume factor:

material balance (see Material

gas (see Gas formation volume

balance, gas)

factor)

pressure gradient,

oil (see Oil

"

"

")

PVT experiment,

water (see Water formation volume

slippage,

factor)

viscosity-compressibility product,

Fractional flow,
calculation of,
surface conditions,
Fractional flow curve
tangent to,
Fractional flow equation:
dependence on water saturation,
derivation of,
derivation of

volume equivalent,
Z-factor (see Z-factor)
Gascap,
drive,
expansion,
secondary,
Gas in place:
apparent, in water drive gas reservoir,
initial, GIIP,

horizontal, diffuse flow,

Gas-oil contact,

horizontal, segregated, unstable

Gas-oil ratio:

displacement,

control,

influence of capillary pressure

cumulative,

gradient,

equation,

influence of dip angle (gravity),

producing (instantaneous),

Fracturing fluid,

solution,
solution, initial, of bubble point oil
(differential),

429

SUBJECT INDEX

solution, initial, of bubble point oil

columns,

(flash),

migration,

Gas recovery,
Gas saturation,
critical,
residual, to water,
Gas-water contact,
Gas well testing:
general analysis theory,
buildup,
multi-rate drawdown,
Grain (matrix) pressure,
Gravity:
force,
segregation,
Gravity number:

phase behaviour,
recovery (see Recovery of
hydrocarbons)
Hydrocarbon pore volume (HCPV)
gascap,
reduction of during depletion,
Hydrostatic:
equilibrium,
pressure regime (abnormal),
"

"

(normal),

Image wells,
Imbibition,
Immisible fluids,
oil by gas,

gas displacing oil,

oil by water,

water displacing oil,

physical assumptions,

Hall-Yarborough, calculation of Z-factors,


Havlena-Odeh, interpretation of material
balance,
gascap drive,
natural water drive,
solution gas drive,
History matching:
reservoir performance,
pressure,
Horner buildup plot:
gas-oil
general (any fluid),
oil,
real gas,
Hot water injection,
Hurst and van Everdingen
constant terminal pressure solution

water by oil,
with total lack of vertical equilibrium,
Incompressible fluids,
Increasing:
effective permeability,
well penetration,
productivity index,
Infinite:
acting aquifer,
" reservoir,
closed in time,
Inflow equations:
aquifer,
semi-steady state (oil), (gas),
steady state (oil),
"

"

, steam soaked well

In-situ combustion,

(radial diffusivity equation),

Interface between immiscible fluids,

constant terminal rate solution (radial

Interfacial tension,

diffusivity equation),
unsteady state water influx theory,
Hydrocarbon:
accumulations,

Kapuni field (New Zealand),


Kayaky field (Turkey),
Kazemi, H., Jr.,

430

SUBJECT INDEX

Klinkenberg effect,

solution gas drive reservoir,

Kirchhoff integral transformation,

undersaturated,
solution gas drive reservoir, gas
saturated,

Laplace,
capillary pressure equation,

Matthews, Brons, Hazebroek (MBH):

steady state equation,

charts,

transform

determination of average pressure,

Late transient flow,


Line transient flow, 153-54, 304
Late transient flow,
Line source solution (radial diffusivity
equation)

buildup test,
gas-oil,
general,
oil,
real gas,
dimensionless pressure,

liquid,

dimensionless pseudo pressure,

real gas,

theory, buildup testing,

Linear prototype reservoir,

volume (rate) averaged reservoir

Linearization (see Basic differential

pressure,

equation)

Mechanical skin factor,

Logs, petrophysical,

Mechanical skin factor, determination of

McKinley afterflow analysis,


transmissiblity,

afterflow analysis, oil


buildup testing
gas-oil,

type curves,

oil,

wellbore parameter,
Maps:

real gas,
multi-rate drawdown

datum pressure,

oil,

geological contour,

real gas,

Mass conservation,
fluid, radial flow,
oil, linear flow,
water, linear displacement,
Mass transfer,
Material balance:
gas reservoir, depletion,
"

, water drive,

general hydrocarbon reservoir,


"

oil,
Mercury injection pump,
Method of images,
Micellar solution flooding,
Mobilituy:

aquifer,
"

single rate drawdown

, linear function,

linear incompressible water injection,

buffer,
control,
fluid,
relative,
Mobility ratio:

production from a closed radial cell,

end point, gas/oil,

reduced equation, gascap drive

end point, general,

reservoir,

" ", water/oil,

"

flood front,

", natural water drive reservoir,

431

SUBJECT INDEX

reduction of,

role of thickness averaged relative

significance of,

permeabilities and pseudo capillary


pressures,

Mobilising residual oil,

semi implicit rates, well model,

Movable oil volume,

semi implicit relative permeabilities;

Multi-rate testing, gas wells,

pseudo capillary pressure,

back pressure testing,

two point upstream weighting, relative

Essis-Thomas analysis,

permeabilities,

Odeh-Jones analysis,

well model,

non-stabilized analysis,
validity of transient analysis,
Multi-rate testing, oilwells, 97

Odeh-Jones analysis,
Oil

ambiguity in interpretation,

column,

analysis,

compressibility,

basic analysis equation,

density, reservoir,

Odeh-Jones analysis,

"

routine surveys, partially depleted

displacement (see Immiscible,

reservoirs,

incompressible displacement)

validity of transient analysis,

expansion in reservoir,
"

, standard conditions,

on heating,

Natural water influx (see Water influx)

formation volume factor

Net bulk volume,

of bubble point oil, differential,

Non-Darcy flow,

of bubble point oil, flash,

Non-Darcy flow coefficient (F),


Normalization of effective permeability
curves,

differential, relative to residual oil


volume,
gravity,
in place,

Numerical simulation,

pressure gradient,

Numerical simulation of immiscible,

saturation,

incompressible displacement,

"

comparison with analytical methods,

undersaturated,

conducting a study,

velosity, during displacement,

evaluation of viscosity at grid block

viscosity,

faces,

volume, residual,

finite difference formulation of 1-D


conservation equations,
harmonic averaging of absolute
permeability,
IMPES

solution technique,

instabilities in solution,

, residual,

Oil relative permeability,


altering the characteristics,
Oil viscosity reduction:
carbon dioxide flooding,
thermal,

material balance mode,

Oil-water contract, 9

one-dimensional model,

Oil wet,

purpose of,

Osmosis,

reduction of dimensions,

Overburden:

432

SUBJECT INDEX

pressure,

" , reservoir,

"

" , within well's drainage boundary,

, gradient,

Overpressure,

bottom hole flowing,


critical,

Paraffin series,

drawdown,

Partical penetration, of well,

drop, across skin,

Permeability:

dynamic grid block,

absolute,
dimensions of,
effective (see Effective permeability)
increasing by well stimulation,
reduction in vicinity of well,
relative (see Relative permeability)
units of,
vertical,
Phase diagram,
Phase equilibrium calculations,
Piston-like displacement,

extrapolated, infinite closed-in time,


gauge,
grain (matrix),
initial, determination of,
overburden,
pseudo critical,
pseudo reduced,
squared, real gas flow,
water abnormal,
"

, normal

Pressure buildup:
computer program,

Polymer flooding,

dominated by afterflow,

Pore compressibility,

Matthews, Brons, Hazebroek theory,

experimental determination,
Pore volume (PV),

plot, Horner (see Horner buildup plot)


practical aspects,

determination of, gas well test

theoretical equation,

" ", oil well test,

theoretical linear equation,

reduction during depletion,


Porosity,
Potential:
dimensions,
fluid,
gradient,
real gas,
Practical aspects of well surveying,
Predicting
pressure decline, water drive gas
reservoir,
reservoir performance
water influx,
Pressure:
absolute,
average, aquifer,
" , grid block,

Pressure buildup analysis:


gas-oil,
general,
oil,
real gas,
Pressure drawdown testing, multi-rate,
(see Multi-rate testing)
Pressure drawdown testing, single rate:
analysis of, oil,
"

", real gas,

purpose of,
Pressure gradient:
capillary (see Capillary pressure
gradient)
fluids in the well,
gas,
overburden,

433

SUBJECT INDEX

water,

PVT oil, presentation of results:

Pressure maintenance, partial:


gas reservoir,
oil reservoir,
Pressure maintenance, total,
Primary recovery (see Recovery of
hydrocarbons)

corrected for surface separation,


uncorrected for surface separation,
Radial diffusivity equation:
constant terminal rate solution (see
Constant terminal rate)
difficulty in solving, real gas,general,

Producing gas-oil ratio (see Gas-oil ratio)

line source solution (see Line source

Productivity index(PI):

solution)

aquifer,

oil,

increase, well stimulation,

real gas,

numerical simulator, well model,

Radial diffusivity equation, dimensionless

ratio increase, skin removal,

general,

"

liquid,

"

, steam soaking,

semi-steady state, liquid,


Pseudo:
critical pressure,
"

temperature,

pressure, real gas (see Real gas


pseudo pressure)
pressure, two phase, gas-oil,

real gas,
Ramey, H.J., Jr.,
Real gas pseudo pressure,
generation of,
reasons for using,
Recombination, fluid samples,

reduced pressure,

Recovery factor

reduced temperature,

Recovery of hydrocarbons, primary,

relative permeabilities (see Thickness

compaction drive, gas,

averaged relative permeabilities)

gascap drive,

skin factor,

solution gas drive

Pseudo capillary pressure,


function ,

Recovery of hydrocarbons, tertiary,


Reduction of displacement problems to

in dipping reservoir,

one

role in numerical simulation,

dimension,

Psi potential,

layered reservoirs,

PV cell,

numerical simulation,
segregated displacement,

PVT:
gas,

Relative permeability,

oil,
PVT analysis
Dodson's experiment,
gas,
gas condensate,
oil, basic analysis,
"

homogeneous,

, complete analysis,

curves, rock,
end point values, gas-oil,
end point values, water-oil,
gas,
linear,
measurement of ,
oil,

434

SUBJECT INDEX

thickness averaged (see Thickness


averaged relative permeabilities)
Relative volumes, PVT
cumulative gas,

Separation, gas-oil:
reservoir,
surface,
Shrinkage factor:

gas,

bubble point oil, differential,

oil,

" "

total,

oil separator-stock tank,

Removal of mechanical skin,


Reservoir drive mechanisms,
combination,
compaction,
solution, gas,

", flash,

Sign convention:
Darcy's equation,
isothermal compressibility,
Laplace, capillary pressure equation,
source-sink terms, numerical,
Skin factor:

water,
Reservoir limit testing,
Reservoir simulation (see Numerical
simulation)

mechanical (see Mechanical skin)


pseudo,
rate dependent,
Solution gas drive:

Residual:
gas saturation,
oil saturation,
oil volume, PVT,

above bubble point,


below bubble point,
Solution gas-oil ration (see Gas-oil ratio)

Retrograde liquid condensate,

Standard conditions,

Russell, afterflow analysis,

Standing-Katz, Z-factor correlation,

Russell-Goodrich, real gas flow,


difficulty in application,

application of 14-18
Statfjrd field (North Sea),
Static pressure survey,

Sample collection (see Fluid samples)


Saturation:

Steam:

critical, gas,
"

Steady state condition,

, gas condensate,

gas (see Gas saturation)


oil (see Oil saturation)
water (see Water saturation)
Schilthuis, R.J.:

drive,
injection,
Stiles method,
Stock tank oil, initially in place, STOIIP,
probablistic determination,

material balance equation,

Subsidence, surface,

steady state water influx.

Superposition:

Segregated displacement, oil by gas,


"

"

, oil by water (see Water

drive)
Semi-steady state:

inspace,
in time,
Summary:
chart, generation of averaged relative

condition,

permeabilities,

time,

pf pressure analysis techniques,

435

SUBJECT INDEX

Surface tension,

Trapezoidal rule for integration,

Surfactant flooding,
Temperature:

Ultimate recovery,
Underground withdrawal,

ambient, surface,
distribution, steam soaked well,
effect, sealed fresh water system,
reservoir,

Underreaming,
Undersaturated oil,
Units:
absolute,

seperator,

cgs,

Tertiary flooding,

Darcy,

Thermal recovery,

field,

Thickness averaged relative

for real gas flow,

permeabilities/water saturations,

Systeme Internationale (SI),

diffuse flow,

Units conversion,

graphical determination,
homogeneous reservoir, finite
capillary transition zone,
homogeneous reservoir, segregated
flow,
layered reservoir, lack of vertical

Darcy's ;linear equation,


dimensionless variables,
real gas flow,
Universal gas constant,
Uplifting, of reservoir,

equilibrium,
layered reservoir, pressure
communication,
role in numerical simulation,
with total lack of vertical equilibrium,
Time scale for hydrocarbon recovery,
Time to reach semi-steady state
Transient flow condition,
Transient well test analysis
buildup, general,
, oil,

"

, real gas,
"

"

, oil,

multi-rate drawdown, real gas


single rate drawdown, oil
"

"

"

prior to multi-rate flow test,

gas, with respect to oil,


maximum water saturation plane,
plane of constant water saturation,
Vertical equilibrium,
influences on,
total lack of,
Viscosity:
gas,

multi-rate drawdown, general,


"

prior to buildup test,

Velocity of

summary chart,

"

Variable rate history:

, real gas,

Transition from transient to semi-steady


state flow,

oil,
ratio, oil/displacing fluid,
water,
Viscosity-compressibility product, real
gas,
Viscosity-compressibility product, real
gas,

well at centre of regular shaped

Viscosity-temperature relation, oil

drainage area,

Viscosity-Z factor product, real gas,

436

SUBJECT INDEX

Volume:

gas reservoir,

hydrocarbon (see Hydrocarbon pore

oil reservoir,

volume)

time dependance of,

moveable oil,
pore (see Pore volume)

Water influx calculations:


applied to steam soaking,
Fetkovitch, history matching,

Water:
bearing sand,
breakthrough (see Breakthrough)
compressibility,
expansion,
formation volume factor,

"

, prediction,

Hurst-van Everdingen, history


matching,
Hurst-van Everdingen, prediction,
uncertainty in,
Water saturation:

injection,

average, behind flood front,

pressure,
"

, equation,

"

, gradient,

salinity,

breakthrough,
connate (see Connate water
saturation)
flood front (shock front),

tongue,

influence, effective and relative

viscosity,

permeabilities,

Water drive,
Buckley-Leverett theory,
homogeneous reservoir, diffuse flow,
" "

, finite capillary

transition zone,
homogeneous reservoir, segregated
flow,

Water saturation distribution:


areal,
definable,
diffuse (uniform),
dip normal (see Thickness averaged
relative permeability/water saturation

ideal (piston-like),

Water wet reservoir,

layered reservoir, with vertical

Welge's

equilibrium,

equation,

layered reservoir, without vertical

graphical technique,

equilibrium,

Well:

mechanics of ,

asymmetry,

non-ideal,

conditioning,

numerical simulation of,

exploration,

Water drive, oil recovery equations:

model, numerical simulation,

stable, segregated flow,

partial penetration,

unstable, segregated flow,

stimulation,

"

"

", inclined,

Welge,
Water influx:

Well testing:
collection of fluid samples,
initial,

dimensionless cumulative influx

practical aspects,

function,

purpose of,

dimensionless influx rate,

routine,

SUBJECT INDEX

Wettability,
Wireline formation test,
Z-factor:
application of,
as function of pressure,
average value, Russell-Goodrich
inflow equations,
two phase,
Z-factor, determination of:
correlation charts,
direct calculation,
experiment,

437

The author of "Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering" is especially well-qualified to


write on this subject, having spent the past few years with the Training Division of Shell
International Petroleum Company, lecturing on reservoir engineering.
In this book he gives a coherent account of the basic physics of reservoir engineering,
a thorough knowledge of which is essential in the petroleum industry for the efficient
recovery of hydrocarbons. Much of the text is based on various lecture courses given
by the author and throughout the book only the simplest and most straightforward
mathematical techniques are used. The first four chapters serve as an introduction to
the subject and will interest all those connected in any way with development and
production of hydrocarbon reserves.
The next four chapters are more specialised and describe the most important aspects
of the field, i.e. the theory and practice of oil and gas well testing and pressure analysis
techniques. This is dealt with in a concise, unified and applied manner not readily
found in other texts. Water influx and fluid displacement are described in the last two
chapters with the aim of helping the reader understand the numerical simulation of
reservoir performance. Numerous modern computational techniques are described
with the aid of flow charts and illustrated with examples.
This is an ideal text for the student as it assumes no prior knowledge of reservoir
engineering, but it is also of value for the practising reservoir engineer, production
technologist and production engineer.