Examen de decimales

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Examen de decimales

© All Rights Reserved

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To add decimals, follow these steps:

Write down the numbers, one under the other, with the decimal

points lined up

Put in zeros so the numbers have the same length

Then add using column addition, remembering to put the

decimal point in the answer

That's all there is to it - just remember to line up the decimals, then add normally.

Subtracting

To subtract, follow the same method: line up the decimals, then subtract .

Do these operations:

a) 3,7 + 0,25 + 18 =

c) 30,01 - 7,35 =

d) 12,403 + 45 + 6,28 =

e) 72,084 - 36,9 =

f) 100 - 64,08 =

h) 12,99 - 11,888 =

i) 74,001 - 68 =

Multiplying Decimals

Just follow these steps:

Then put the decimal point in the answer - it will have as many decimal

places as the two original numbers combined.

In other words, just count up how many numbers are after the decimal point

in both numbers you are multiplying, then the answer should have that many

numbers after its decimal point.

Do these operations:

a) 36,04 0,32 =

b) 3,72 2,06 =

c) 4,99 0 113 =

d) 0,342 0,85 =

e) 6,75 141 =

f) 5,25 0 75 =

g) 0,25 0,001 =

h) 0,0038 3,025 =

i) 0,67 0 61 =

Dividing Decimals

Dividing a Decimal Number by a Whole Number

To divide a decimal number by a whole number:

Then put the decimal point in the same spot as the dividend

Example:

The answer is

1,3

But what if you want to divide by a Decimal Number?

The trick is to convert the number you are dividing by to a whole number first,

by shifting the decimal point of both numbers to the right:

normal.

It is safe to do this if you remember to shift the decimal point of both

a) 23,754 : 0,37 =

b) 3,215144 : 5,42 =

c) 27,792 : 0,36 =

d) 37,24 : 7,6 =

e) 1,5408 : 42,8 =

f) 120 : 0,054 =

g) 0,2208 : 0,0069 =

h) 3 000,5 : 28 =

i) 23,875 : 57 =

a) 96 : 100 =

b) 96 : 1 000 =

c) 96 : 10 =

g) 55,1 : 100 =

d) 73,45 : 1 000 =

h) 55,1 : 10 000 =

e) 73,45 : 10 =

i) 55,1 : 1 000 =

f) 73 45 : 10 000 =

j) 235 : 100 =

112 : 4 = 28

285 : 6 = 47,5

a) 112 : 40 =

:0,009 =

b) 112 : 400 =

3,6 : 0,9 = 4

d) 285 : 60 =

e) 285 : 600 =

c) 112 : 4 000 =

: 90 =

f) 285 : 6 000 =

Remember the order of operations

e. 12,9 - 7,1 + (-2,2) 15,5

g)3,6

h) 3,6 : 9 =

i) 3,6

Fractions

A fraction is a part of a whole

Slice a pizza, and you will have fractions:

/2

(One-Half)

/4

(One-Quarter)

/8

(Three-Eighths)

The bottom number tells how many slices the pizza

was cut into.

Numerator / Denominator

We call the top number the Numerator, it is the number of parts you

have.

We call the bottom number the Denominator, it is the number of

parts the whole is divided into.

Numerator

Denominator

Fractions of a quantity

How do we find

/5

Method 1 is to find

1

/5

/5

/5

/5

of 20, so we multiply 4 by 3.

of 20 = 4 3 = 12.

Method 2 is to multiply

3

/5

of 20 is 20 5 = 4.

We need

3

of 20?

20 =

/5

(3 20 ) : 5 =

by 20

60 : 5 = 12

Find out:

1

a of 12

3

2

of 12

3

1

b of 18

6

5

of 18

6

1

c of 40

8

5

of 40

8

2 And now:

2

a of 15

5

3

b of 21

7

4

e of 30

5

3

g of 48

4

3

k of 715

5

3

i of 85

5

To convert a Decimal to a Fraction follow these steps:

Step 1: Write down the decimal divided by 1, like this:

decimal

/1

Step 2: Multiply both top and bottom by 10 for every number after

the decimal point. (For example, if there are two numbers after the

decimal point, then use 100, if there are three then use 1000, etc.)

Step 3: Simplify (or reduce) the fraction

Example: Express 0,75 as a fraction

Step 1: Write down 0,75 divided by 1:

0,7

5

1

Step 2: Multiply both top and bottom by 100 (there were 2 digits

after the decimal point so that is 1010=100):

100

0,75

75

=

100

100

Step 3: Simplify the fraction (this took me two steps):

75

15

=

100

3

=

20

Express as a fraction:

a) 0.85

b) 0,25

c) 1,2

d) 2,4

e) 12,5

f) 21,6

g) 3,6

h) 24,2

i) 50,2

steps:

Just divide the numerator into the denominator and get some

decimals.

Example:

is 3 divided into 4

Express in decimal:

/5 =

/4 =

/2 =

/8 =

/5 =

/4 =

/6 =

/12 =

/8 =

Equivalent Fractions

Equivalent Fractions have the same value, even though they may

look different.

These fractions are really the same:

1

2

=

2

4

4

=

8

divide both the top and bottom by the same number, the fraction

keeps its value.

1

/2

/4

/8

Simplifying Fractions

To simplify a fraction, divide the top and bottom by the highest

number that

can divide into both numbers exactly.

The way to simplify a fraction is dividing both the top and bottom of

the fraction until you can't go any further (try dividing by 2,3,5,7,...

etc).

2

24

/108

24

12

=

108

6

=

54

2

=

27

Simplify

Adding and

Subtracting Fractions

Step 1: Make sure the bottom numbers (the denominators) are the same

Step 2: Add or subtract the top numbers (the numerators), put the answer over

the denominator

Example 1:

1

1

+

Step 1. The bottom numbers (the denominators) are already the same. Go straight

to step 2.

Step 2. Add the top numbers and put the answer over the same denominator:

1

1+1

+

4

2

1

=

/4

/4

/4

/2

Example 2:

1

/2

/6

Step 1. The bottom numbers are different. See how the slices are different sizes?

We need to make them the same before we can continue, because

we can't subtract them like this:

1

/2

/6

To make the bottom numbers the same, multiply the top and bottom of the first

1

fraction (

3

3

=

3

/6

/6

The bottom numbers (the denominators) are the same, so we can go to step 2.

Step 2. Subtract the top numbers and put the answer over the same denominator:

3

31

2

=

/6

/6

/6

2

1

=

Add:

Subtract:

Multiplying Fractions

2. Multiply the bottom numbers(the denominators).

Example:

1

1

12

=

2

=

1

12

=

2

=

25

10

2

1

=

10

Dividing Fractions

Step 1. Multiply crossing the numbers (numerator x denominator, and

denominator x numerator)

Example:

1

1

:

16

=

6

=

21

6

=

2

Now you:

Calculate:

And now:

Calculate:

Work out:

Work out:

Calculate:

WORD PROBLEMS

1. A group of people were standing in line. 3/8 of the people were

boys and 1/4 of the people were girls. How much of the group

was made up of boys and girls? How much of the group was not

boys or girls?

2. Jane and Jerry were counting the months until their birthdays.

Jane said 3/4 of the year would pass before it was her birthday.

Jerry said he only needed to wait 1/3 of the year. How much

longer did Jane have to wait than Jerry?

3. Bill ran around 2/3 of the track. Josh ran around 5/6 of the track.

How much farther did Josh run than Bill?

4. A box of paper clips fell on the floor. Betty picked up 2/5 of the

paper clips and Joanne picked up 3/10. How many of the paper

clips did they pick up altogether? How many were still on the

floor?

5. Theres a bag with 24 balls, the white balls are 1/4 of them. How

many white balls must I add to get the white balls the half of

the total?

2/3 of its way. How long will it take to cover all the way, going

always at the same speed?

dropped. If it is dropped from 1024 cm, how high will it get after

the third bounce?

8. In a forest of pine trees they felled its 3/5, shortly after there

was a fire, in which 5/7 of the remaining pine burned. How

many pines survived?

and one fifth in supply. What fraction of budget is left for other

expenses? His monthly income is 2235 Euros. How much will

they pay for the housing?

10.

If he has travelled 2/3 of the total, how many km are left yet?

11.

12.

they need?

13.

screen whose width is 112 cm.

14.

should sleep for 3/8 of the day. How much time should we spend

sleeping?

15.

has George collected?

16.

17.

18.

shopkeeper says if I buy one I can buy another for only 7/9 of

the normal price. How much would a second skateboard cost?

19.

how many conkers did Billy have left?

20.

There are 25 pupils in the class, 3/5 of the pupils support

Chelsea and the remainder support Arsenal. How many pupils

support Arsenal?

21.

The local shop normally sells Mars bars for 40 pence. The

shopkeeper says I can buy them for 1/4 less than the normal

price. How much can I buy a Mars bar for

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