You are on page 1of 16

POLITEKNIK SULTAN MIZAN ZAINAL ABIDIN

CC203 :- CONCRETE
NAMA PENSYARAH

: PUAN CHE KU NURHAZLINA CHE

KU MAIDIN
NAMA PELAJAR
NO.MATRIK

: SAIDATUL SYAFAWANI BINTI ALIM


: 13DKA13F2056

TIMBER FORMWORK
ADVANTAGE

1. Custom manufactured in large panel sizes


2. Curved for special shapes
3. Reuse many times

DISADVANTAGE
1.
2.
3.
4.

Liable to damage at corners and edges


Wear out quicker
Greater chance of leakage for boards
Variability of absorbency

METAL FORMWORK
ADVANTAGE

1. Stiff and durable thus advantageous for reuse


2. Closer tolerance
3. Aluminium - for light weight construction

DISADVANTAGE
1. Chemical reaction with fresh concrete which may cause adverse effect
to concrete properties

PLASTIC FORMWORK
ADVANTAGE

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Rigid or flexible
GRP although expensive, very light, high impact resistance
Good resistance to scour and corrosion
High quality face finishes
Less expensive for forms of special profiles

DISADVANTAGE
1. does not lend itself to field fabrication
2. the design and planning of this form must be carefully carried out
3. not to damage the plastic by the heat applied for accelerated curing of
the concrete

PERMANENT FORMWORK
ADVANTAGE
1. Reducing the skill level needed on site
2. Increase the potential for standardization and repetition

3. Permitting off-site fabrication in factory conditions followed by


scheduled and appropriate deliveries
4. Reduces construction waste
5. Speeding up erection times, particularly in building works and save
time
6. Eliminating the need to strike formwork and falsework
7. Allowing early access for following or concurrent operations

PRECAST CONCRETE
ADVANTAGE

1. The concrete of superior quality is produced as it is possible to have


better technical control on the production of concrete in factory.
2. It is not necessary to provide joints in the precast construction.
3. The labour required in the manufacturing process of the precast units
can easily be trained.
4. The moulds employed for preparing the precast units are of steel with
exact dimension in all directions. These moulds are more durable and
they can be used several times.
5. The precast articles may be given the desired shape and finish with
accuracy.
6. The precast structures can be dismantled, when required and they can
then be suitably used elsewhere.
7. The transport and storage of various components of concrete for cast
in situ work are eliminated when precast members are adopted.
8. The work can be completed in a short time, when precast units are
adopted.
9. When precast structures are to be installed, it is evident that the
amount of scaffolding and formwork is considerably reduced

DISADVANTAGE
1. If not properly handled, the precast units may be damaged during
transport.

2. It becomes difficult to produce satisfactory connections between the


precast members.
3. It is necessary to arrange for special equipment for lifting and moving
of the precast units.
4. The economy achieved in precast construction is partially balanced by
the amount to be spent in transport and handling of precast members.
It becomes therefore necessary to locate the precast factory at such a
place that transport and handling charges are brought down to the
minimum possible extent.

FIBER CEMENT

ADVANTAGE
1. As building boards for cladding of structural members.
2. As backing strips for the erection of prefabricated building
components.
3. These cement-based panels are extremely durable.

LAMINATED PAPER
ADVANTAGE
1. It is possible to have smooth finish in which case on cost in surface
finishing is there.
2. By use of large size panels it is possible to effect saving in the labour
cost of fixing and dismantling.
3. Number of reuses are more as compared with timber shuttering. For
estimation purpose, number of reuses can be taken as 20 to 25.