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The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and
height of an individual. The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body
height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height
in metres.
The BMI may also be determined using a table[note 2] or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass
and height using contour lines or colors for different BMI categories, and may use two different units
of measurement.[note 3]
The BMI is an attempt to quantify the amount of tissue mass (muscle, fat, and bone) in an individual,
and then categorize that person as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese based on that
value. However, there is some debate about where on the BMI scale the dividing lines between
categories should be placed.[2] Commonly accepted BMI ranges are underweight: under 18.5, normal
weight: 18.5 to 25, overweight: 25 to 30, obese: over 30.


An exercise ball is a ball constructed of soft elastic with a diameter of approximately 35 to 85

centimeters (14 to 34 inches) and filled with air. The air pressure is changed by removing a valve
stem and either filling with air or letting the ball deflate. It is most often used in physical
therapy, athletic training and exercise. It can also be used for weight training. The ball, while often
referred to as a Swiss ball, is also known by a number of different names, including balance ball,
birth ball, body ball, ball, fitness ball, gym ball, gymnastic ball, physioball, pilates ball, Pezzi ball,
sports ball, stability ball, Swedish ball, therapy ball, or yoga ball.


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Your resting heart rate (RHR) is the number of times a your heart beats per minute while
at complete rest. Resting heart rate will decrease as your heart becomes stronger with
aerobic exercise training. A low resting heart rate is an indicator of good fitness.

The units are bpm = beats per minute.

Fit adults may have a resting heart rate below 60, and some elite endurance
athletes have resting heart rates below 40.
A healthy resting heart rate for adults is 60-80 bpm.

An average adult resting heart rate range is 60-100 bpm but recent large studies
and meta-analysis show health risks are increased at the higher range.

Resting heart rate may be affected by medications. Beta blockers may lower
resting heart rate below 60.
An elevated resting heart rate can be an indicator of increased cardiovascular
risk and all-cause mortality risk.

A low resting heart rate in people who are not physically fit is bradycardia. If you
are not an active exerciser and you have a low resting heart rate and symptoms such as
dizzyness or shortness of breath, you should discuss this with your doctor.