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# Black Holes Daniel Keliher, Devon Bray, Haley Estabrook

Science 2B
10 April, 2010

Black holes are regions of space that nothing, not even light, can escape from. They are defined by the bounds of
the horizon, and through that the singularity. The black hole itself has near zero volume and near infinite density
and gravitational pull.

FORMATION
The most common theory for how a Black hole Spaghettification
forms is that a colossal celestial body such as a Spaghettification is the process of
massive star (more than three times the size being stretched in a black hole. In
and density of out own sun) reaches the ends theory something would be
of its life. When it does so, it is speculated that stretched down to single particles.
under its own gravity it collapses in on itself. This happens because of gravity.
Leaving behind a compact mass of near infinite The gravity at the top of the
density. object is less than that of the
gravity being exerted on the part
THE HORIZON closer to the black hole. This even
The horizon is the center of the whole area of happens on earth but the
the black hole. The part where the strength of difference is unnoticeable. The
gravity is so high that not even light can gravity pulling on your head is
escape. Once something crosses into the less than that at your feet because
horizon it can not escape. The horizon is in a your feet are closer to the mass of
sense moving outward as fast as light. the earth where gravity is
However in another sense it is a static “thing” stronger. However a human body
in space. Nobody knows what the horizon can not take being exerted like
would contain. But for the most part it is likely this. After a moment of being
that the fabric of space, and spacetime itself is stretched a body would snap in
distorted. two. Your torso would be one
half, and you legs and hips
another half. As what was left of
THE SINGULARITY you continued to fall both halves
The singularity of a black hole, is the black holes center. A point in space with zero volume and would bifurcate. You would
infinite density and thus the pull of gravity is infinitely strong. This is a point that scientists know very divide exponentially until you
little about. But theory states that at this point the laws of physics break down and cease to function were reduced to a string of
as we are accustom. At this point both space and time have an infinite curvature. Compacted and unrecognizable particles.
forced into the singularity both space a time, like the laws of physics, cease to exist as we know them.

## GRAVITY IN A BLACK HOLE

Black holes come about when a star or other celestial body of sufficient mass undergoes a
gravitational collapse. In such an event the mass of an object would collapse and all of its mass
would be condensed into a small area. This area, or curve in space, would have a massive
gravitational pull. It is so strong that not even light can escape it. In fact nothing known to exist can
escape. This has to do with the speed that things travel at. For example, the space shuttle has to
reach a breakaway velocity in order to escape the gravity of the earth. The gravity of a black hole is
so strong that nothing can travel at a sufficient speed to escape its gravitational pull.