Implementation and Benefits of Environment Mangement System (ISO14001
Steps to implement: Training -> Awareness -> Conceptual -> Environmental Policy -> Environmental planning -> Implementation of EMS plans -> EMS Audits -> Management Reviews -> Improvements • • • • Planning by organization leaders for the space, equipment, and resources needed to safely and effectively support the services provided. Planning and design are consistent with the organization's mission, vision, and values. Educating staff about the role of the environment in safely and effectively supporting care. The organization educates staff about physical characteristics and processes for environmental monitoring and reporting. Developing performance standards to measure staff and organization performance in managing and improving the environment of care. Carrying out plans to create and manage the organization's environment of care while continuously measuring, assessing, and improving the status of the environment.
Benefits of Environment Management System · · · · · · · · · Cuts energy cost Reduces emissions and discharges Reduces risks & accidents Better community relations Cuts wastes and disposal costs Cuts water use and costs Ensures compliance with legislations Improve staff /employee morale Demonstration of care for environment protection
ANIL KUMAR (Mechanical Engineer) Associated with A.B. Associates, Ambala city Email: email@example.com
How To implement ISO-14001
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Awareness programme for requirements of ISO-14001:1996 Documentation 1. Applicable Regulatory requirements & initial reviews 2. Environmental aspects identification & its impacts 3. Environment Policy 4. Environment objective 5. Environmental Management System manual 6. Set targets 7. Establish plans 8. Different Procedure for Communication ,Operational controls etc. 9. Implementatation of EMS 10. Plan for change Continuous improvement through internal audit& review meeting Checking effective ness of environmental management system Record keeping Third party certification
ISO 14000: should your company develop an environmental management system?
By Graff, Susan Publication: Industrial Management Date: Saturday, November 1 1997 Subject: Environmental policy (Standards), Environmental management Product: Environmental Management
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Integrating environmental aspects into business management systems is essential for 21st century manufacturing, and manufacturers need to decide now on an environmental management system such as ISO 14000 to accomplish their company's goals. This article covers several concerns that need to be addressed when making this decision. These include the following: What does 14000 require? Ads by Google Environmental Management Environmental Management SystemTraining & Worldwide Certification. www.DnvCert.com Environmental Measurement
Monitoring of environmentalsensors in network technology www.imko.de ISO 14001 EMS Services Leaders in Environmental ManagementEnvironment International Ltd. www.EILtd.net Why are companies investing in environmental management systems? What will an environmental management system cost? Consider stakeholder needs and sustainable development concerns. Some questions to ask before investing company time and resources in EMS development include: Are your customers and stakeholders likely to demand you have an environmental management system in place? What are the costs associated with product that was lost to the environment? Are the environmental impacts of your processes creating a liability that put you or your company at risk? The trend has been established. Think about your company's goals and marketplace, and make a business decision now. More and more companies today are using environmental management systems such as ISO 14000 to integrate environmental aspects into their business plans. More than 1,200 companies worldwide have registered environmental management systems in place, and many more are putting systems in place without formal registration. "Environmental issues are business issues," states the Southern Company, America's largest producer of electricity, in its Environmental Performance Strategy. However, managers at a forward-thinking company, striving to maintain a market edge into the 21st century, still must answer some basic questions to evaluate the environmental management system trend and decide how to respond: What do our customers want? Will this approach improve the product and increase our company's market share? And truly progressive companies are looking beyond their immediate customers to address the needs of stakeholders, including future generations, as well. Environmental management systems: ISO 14000 requirements Environmental management systems and the tools you choose to implement them address the environmental impacts of a company's activities and processes and identify opportunities to conserve materials and energy. There are several different environmental management system models from
which to choose: Sweden's Natural Step, the Chemical Manufacturer's Association Responsible Care, and ISO 14000 are some examples. The ISO 14000 environmental management system model was developed to meet the demand for a single international standard, and it was developed through consensus by an international technical advisory committee of industry, government, consumer interest groups, and the general public. ISO (the International Organization for Standardization), a worldwide federation of national standards bodies, issued the final specification standard in the fall of 1996. While 14000 is the series, 14001 is the actual specification that companies either self-declare or to which they register through third-party confirmation. Demonstration of successful implementation of 14001 can be used by any organization to assure interested parties that an appropriate environmental management system is in place. The ISO 14001 environmental management system model (Figure 1) follows a logical progression of steps that begin by developing a company environmental policy. The most prescriptive part of the model, 14001 requires that the environmental policy include commitments to prevention of pollution, regulatory compliance, and continual improvement. Next planning begins, and the first step is critical - identification of significant environmental impacts from the organization's activities, products, or services. Companies are using a variety of methods, from brainstorming to risk-ranking schemes, to prioritize these environmental impacts and plan budgets and schedules to address the most significant. Legal and other requirements with which the company complies are also identified during planning. Objectives and targets are developed for the significant impacts, and an action plan for accomplishing them is required. Implementation puts the plan in action through alignment of resources and development of documentation to minimize environmental impacts. Checking, corrective action, and management review further reinforce the Deming model of Plan-Do-Check-Act upon which 14000 is based to ensure continual improvement. ISO 14000 is a marriage of quality systems with preventive environmental management. Many companies' chief objection to ISO 9000 was the burdensome documentation requirement. The authors of 14000 tried to take that into account, requiring written documentation of policy and/or procedures in only four or five instances in the model. In addition, companies that are 9000 registered have administrative elements such as document control and recordkeeping systems already in place and are at a major advantage in implementing 14000.
Reasons for environmental management systems The major driver behind the environmental management system trend is the marketplace. In a 1995 survey of 99 U.S. businesses considering 14001 implementation, 50 percent reported customer demand or a competitive advantage as the reason for certification. Companies with a high percentage of sales in European or Asian markets should investigate what their customers expect - for example, China, the home of 20 percent of the world's population, recently adopted ISO 14000 as state policy. Xerox Corporation states customer demand drove its decision to seek registration. On the U.S. front, the "Big Three" auto manufacturers are expecting their Tier 1 suppliers to have environmental management systems. Other global companies are making similar demands on suppliers, including leaders in the pulp and paper industry. According to one corporate manager of environmental affairs, the supplier who inappropriately manages its environmental aspects or ignores opportunities for pollution prevention may pass significant environmental liability and a negative image on to its customer. Improved risk management and t Improved risk management and the reduced liabilities associated with it are other important reasons why U.S. companies are implementing environmental management systems. In 1996, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported the highest level of enforcement activity in the history of the agency. More than $172 million was collected in fines and penalties. Furthermore, state and federal environmental agencies often use corporate penalty structures that put the chief executive officer (CEO) and top management at risk personally in the event of a release to the environment. Environmental management systems are preventive, and several elements contain spill prevention and emergency preparedness procedures that manage risk and influence liability. Companies have received monetary relief in federal penalties for having certain environmental management system elements in place, such as self-audits. In a recent landmark case involving GTE, $2.3 million was reduced to $53,000 in penalties because the company conducted self-audits. Companies are also receiving reductions in insurance premiums - Akzo Nobel Chemicals and Synthetic Industries reported premium reductions after ISO registration. Finally, internal efficiencies and waste reduction are driving the trend. Product lost to the environment equates to dollars down the drain or up in
smoke. Unnecessary waste of natural resources is a major business concern of progressive companies. For example, Southwire Company annually reports significant cost savings from the pollution prevention programs essential to implementing its environmental policy. Most often the best ideas come from within, which also results in enhanced employee satisfaction. Team-based management studies have shown that having input to and ownership of company goals enhances employee job satisfaction and decreases the likelihood of employee turnover. What will an environmental management system cost? The cost of implementing an environmental management system is highly variable, but is often proportional to the size and complexity of the operation. A range of costs between $15,000 and $150,000 per site has been reported. Formal registration adds to these costs, as a third-party audit program and surveillance are required to maintain the registration. Companies are finding the major environmental management system development cost is employee time. ISO requires that all employees be informed about the company's environmental policy, and specialized knowledge is required among those whose job may have a significant environmental impact. Training programs can be resource intensive in time lost from production plus costs of instruction, and it takes time to document procedures for certain critical operations. Companies with high employee turnover or multiple sites may find knowledge transfer intranet/extranet technologies and self-directed learning tools effective to develop and maintain employee capabilities and minimize some of these costs. Capital costs of environmental management system development are relatively low in comparison, assuming companies already have appropriate control equipment and monitoring instrumentation in place to be in compliance with federal, state, and local requirements. The costs and benefits of environmental management systems can be difficult to measure. How do you measure the value of a preventive system? The costs incurred in the course of complying with regulations such as monitoring and permit requirements are potentially hidden among other items, such as overhead accounts. Intangibles such as enhanced consumer response indeed have value, but that value may depend on how your company is currently positioned on these issues as well as the company's goals. Consider stakeholder concerns and sustainable development needs Environmental performance is important to many consumers and stakeholders. Evidence is found by noting the push on parliaments and
congresses around the world to effect a culture change, or perhaps even a second industrial revolution, toward sustainable development. Simply put, sustainable development is providing goods and services to meet the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The President's Council on Sustainable Development was appointed last year to lay the groundwork for a national strategy. Twenty-five leaders from business, government, environmental, civil fights, and Native American organizations are looking for new ways to achieve this goal through performance-based solutions. Manufacturers in the twenty-first century are looking at ways to reduce the consumption of materials and energy in production processes, and recycle their waste product into new product uses. Ray Anderson, CEO of Interface Inc., a major manufacturer of floor coverings, cites staggering figures in the use of raw materials: 1.2 billion pounds of materials extracted per year, with two-thirds of it burned up in fuel production. Anderson and Interface are pioneering changes in technology to become completely sustainable by the year 2000. Use of solar energy, providing raw material needs by harvesting and recycling carpet and other petrochemical products, and eliminating waste and harmful emissions are all part of Interface's strategy to attain this goal. Environmental management systems that employ tools such as life-cycle assessment and performance measures can be used to accomplish sustainable manufacturing goals and report meaningful results to your key stakeholders Conclusion The trend toward environmental management systems is well established. While your company may already have a few key elements of a system in place, many companies are finding considerable value added through implementing a complete system that integrates environmental aspects into business planning. As is true with other areas of industrial management, planning and prevention on the front end may translate to significant gains in the long run. Think about your company's goals, marketplace, and the bottom line - numerous studies over the past few decades have shown a positive correlation between financial and environmental performance. But also think a few steps beyond today's bottom line, and to the needs of future generations. The time is here to make an informed business decision. Figure 1
Environmental Management System Model (ISO 14000) * Environmental Policy * Planning * Implementation * Checking and Corrective Action * Management Review For further reading ANSI/ISO 14000 Series, Environmental Management Systems and Environmental Auditing, 1996. Hemenway, C.G., ed., ISO 14000 Questions and Answers, 3rd ed., CEEM Information Services, 1997. Stapleton, P.J., A.M. Cooney, and W.M. Hix Jr., "Environmental Management Systems: An Implementation Guide for Small and Medium Sized Organizations," NSF International, 1996. www.ISO14000.net - An Internet resource for information, training, and online services. Susan Graff is president of Environmental Resource Services Inc., an Atlanta, Georgia-based environmental