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Note:Change values in yellow

cells only
250
KN/m2
20
KN/m3
25
KN/m3
30
0.52
radian
28.66
0.500
Degree
0
0
radian
0.690
2.998
0.000m
6.150m change value in figure
0.870m Equivalent Height of Soil for surcharge load
17.40KN/m2
12.01 KN/m2
0.562m
Adopt=
0.650m
0.700m
0.700m
X=

3.370m

Adopt=

2.500m

Width of base slab (L) = 1.5 X=

3.750m

Adopt=

6.000m

12

See figure for priliminary size of wall

0.00 m

Width due to slope at free face=


CALCULATION
ASSESSMENT OF VERTICAL LOAD
Load Name
W1
W2
W3
W4
soil
W5
W6

Load due to water=


0.87

17.40KN/m2
Type
Triangular
Rectangular
Triangular
Rectangular

Length
1
1
1
1

Triangular
Rectangular

1
1

width
0.00
0.7
0.00
6.00
0.00
1.8

Height
5.5
5.5
5.5
0.65
5.50
5.50

0.00
9.9

6.15
0.7

Volume
0.00
3.85
0.00
3.90

W2
Vertical

fi
ll

RCC
' (degree)(angle of internal friction or shearing
resistance)

(Slope) of backfill
Coeff. of active earth pressure (Dynamic)
Coeff. of passive earth pressure(static)
Soil fill level from wall top
Total Height of wall=
Height of surcharge soil=
Surcharge Load=
Intensity of Horizontal force due to surcharge
Thickness of footing base slab= 0.08xH
Assume Stem thickness at top=
Assume Stem thickness at base=
Calculation of Width of base slab

5.5

w5

ba
ck

Allowable breaing pressure (qna)


soil

6.15
6.15

w6

w3
GL

Vertical Load Name

Load

distance from
point of
application of
load to toe

Moment

W1

4.200

0.000

KN-m

restoring

W2
W3

96.25
0

3.850
3.500

370.563
0.000

KN-m
KN-m

restoring
restoring

remarks
1.80

W4

97.5

3.000

292.500

KN-m

restoring

W5
W6
surcharge
Pa sin
Total

0
198
31.32
0
423.07

4.200
5.100
3.350
6.000

0.000
1009.800
104.922
0.000
1777.785

KN-m
KN-m
KN-m
KN-m
KN-m

restoring
restoring
restoring
restoring

ASSESSMENT OF HORIZONTAL LOAD


Intensity of Active Earth pressure=
Total Active Force(pa)=
Pa cos
distance from point of application of Force to toe
Intensity of Horizontal force due to surcharge
Horizontal force due to surcharge
distance to toe
Total overturning moment

84.870 KN/m2
260.975 KN
260.975
2.05 m
12.01 KN/m2
73.84 KN
3.075 m
762.05

(For 1m length)

w1

0.00

0.65

0
w4

0.700m
2.05
2.500m

3.5
6

Toe

1163.041875

Check for stability


Check for overturning
Resisting Moment(MR)

1777.78 KN-m
IS 456:2000
762.05 KN-m
CI. 20.1
2.3329043969

Overturning moment
Check

SAFE

Check for Sliding


Sliding force
Resisting Force
Check

Sliding not considered in this case as base slab is attached to other structure
334.812
211.54 0.6318020418
UNSAFE
SHEAR KEY REQD.
Design of shear Key

Check for middle third rule


distance of point of application of resultant force from
Total width of wall
ecentricity
Check
SAFE
Check for Bearing capacity
Allowable breaing pressure (qna)
Pmax
Pmin

2.40 m
6.000 m
0.60

250.00 KN/m2
112.757
28.27

Check

0.700m

SAFE

LOAD CALCULATION FOR TOE SLAB AND HEEL SLAB


Self weight of toe slab=
Maximum soil pressure=
Minimum soil pressure=
Self weight of toe slab=
Weight of backfill and surcharge=

1.80

3.5

143.65
16.25 KN/m2
112.757 KN/m2
28.27 KN/m2
16.25 KN/m2
127.4 KN/m2

16.25

Toe
28.27

53.61

63.47
112.757

Design of Toe Slab


115.38
fy=

500

fck=

25

Depth of Slab =

650

mm

Effective Depth =

575

mm

90.04

Width

1000

mm

Factored Moment at face of vertical stem=

735.72

KNm

47.22
RESULTANT PRESSURE

Check for Depth


M = 0.36*fck*b*x(d-0.42x)
d = 470.39mm
Check OK
Calculation of Area of Steel
M = 0.87*Ast*fy* d - fy*Ast
fck*b
Ast =
Min Area of Steel = 0.2% of bD =
Required area

0.02

-575

3326.24

mm

1300

mm

3326.24

1691310.71

mm

Main Reinforcement (at bottom)


Provide bar of Diameter

25 mm

Area of 1 bar =

490.87 mm

Number of bars =

6.78

Spacing of Bars =

148
Provide =

125 C/C at bottom of slab

96.507

84.491
6.0

Total provided area=

3926.99 mm

Top Bar= Provide 0.2% of the gross concrete area=

1300

Provide bar of Diameter

mm

16 mm

Area of 1 bar =

201.06 mm

Number of bars =

6.47

Spacing of Bars =

155
Provide =

125 C/C at top of slab

Distribution Reinforcement
Provide 0.2% of the gross concrete area=

1300

mm

if provided one face

650

mm

if provided on two face

Provide bar of Diameter

16 mm

Area of 1 bar =

201.06 mm

Spacing of bars=

309.33
Provide

125

CHECK FOR SHEAR


Area provided at one face=
Factored Shear Force Vu (@ d distance from
face of vertical stem) =
Nominal Shear Stres(Tv )=

3926.99

mm

315.30 KN
Vu/bd =

P% provided =

0.55 N/mm2

0.60415 %

Shear Strenght for the M25 concrete =

0.52 N/mm2
CHECK

maximum shear capacity of concrete (Tcmax) =

Not Safe from Shear

% Ast

Tauc

0.5

0.49

X,Y

0.60

0.52

X2.Y2

0.75

0.57

OK

Design of Heel Slab


fy=

500

fck=

25

Depth of Slab =

650

mm

Effective Depth =

575

mm

Width

1000

mm

Factored Moment at face of vertical stem=

259.85

KNm

Check for Depth


M = 0.36*fck*b*x(d-0.42x)
d = 279.55mm
Check OK
Calculation of Area of Steel
M = 0.87*Ast*fy* d - fy*Ast
fck*b
Ast =
Min Area of Steel = 0.2% of bD =
Required area

0.02

-575

1079.41

mm

1300

mm

1300.00

597359.716

mm

Main Reinforcement (at Top)


Provide bar of Diameter

25 mm

Area of 1 bar =

490.87 mm

Number of bars =

2.65

Spacing of Bars =

378
Provide

X1,Y1

3.1N/mm2
CHECK

125 C/C @ bottom of slab

Total provided area=

3926.99 mm

Bottom Bar= Provide 0.2% of the gross concrete area=


Provide bar of Diameter

1300

mm

16 mm

Area of 1 bar =

201.06 mm

Number of bars =

6.47

Spacing of Bars =

155
Provide =

125 C/C at top of slab

Horizontal/ Distribution Reinforcement


Provide 0.2% of the gross concrete area=

1300

mm

if provided one face

650

mm

if provided on two face

Provide bar of Diameter

16 mm

Area of 1 bar =

201.06 mm

Spacing of bars=

309.33
Provide

150

CHECK FOR SHEAR


Area provided at one face=
Factored Shear Force Vu (@ rear face of
vertical stem) =

3926.99

mm

277.32 KN

Nominal Shear Stres(Tv )=

Vu/bd =

P% provided =

0.48 N/mm2

0.60415 %

Shear Strenght for the M25 concrete =

0.52 N/mm2
CHECK

maximum shear capacity of concrete (Tcmax) =

OK

% Ast

Tauc

X1,Y1

0.5

0.49

X,Y

0.60

0.52

X2.Y2

0.75

0.57

3.1N/mm2
CHECK

OK

Design of Vertical Stem


Height of cantilever above base=

5.500m

Lateral earth pressure at base=

75.90 KN/m2

Total force due to lateral earth pressure=

208.73 KN

Intensity of Horizontal force due to surcharge

12.01 KN/m2

Horizontal force due to surcharge

66.03 KN

Moment at base=

564.25
fy=

KNm

500

fck=

25

Thickness at base =

700

mm

Effective Depth =

625

mm

Width

1000

mm

Factored Moment at base=

846.38

KNm

Check for Depth


M = 0.36*fck*b*x(d-0.42x)
d = 504.53mm
Check OK
Calculation of Area of Steel
M = 0.87*Ast*fy* d - fy*Ast
fck*b
Ast =
Min Area of Steel = 0.2% of bD =

0.02

-625

3506.60

mm

1400

mm

1945700.86

Required area

3506.60

mm

Main Reinforcement (vertical bar @ backfill face)


Provide bar of Diameter

25 mm

Area of 1 bar =

490.87 mm

Number of bars =

7.14

Spacing of Bars =

140
Provide

125 C/C

Total provided area=

3926.99 mm

Main Reinforcement (vertical bar @ Free face)


Provide Nominal Rebar
Horizontal/ Distribution Reinforcement
Provide 0.2% of the gross concrete area=
Provide bar of Diameter

1400

mm

if provided one face

700

mm

if provided on two face

16 mm

Area of 1 bar =

201.06 mm

Spacing of bars=

287.23
Provide

200

CHECK FOR SHEAR


Area provided at one face=
Factored Shear Force Vu (@ d distance above
base) =
Nominal Shear Stres(Tv )=

3926.99

mm

412.14 KN
Vu/bd =

P% provided =

0.66 N/mm2

0.56100 %

Shear Strenght for the M25 concrete =

0.51 N/mm2
CHECK

maximum shear capacity of concrete (Tcmax) =

Not Safe from Shear


3.1N/mm2
CHECK

OK

% Ast

Tauc

X1,Y1

0.5

0.49

X,Y

0.56

0.51

X2.Y2

0.75

0.57