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C 6AarOCAOBOM Hieronor Hpeocneurreacrna Enncxona lllYMaA]I[jcKor f.

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HaCAOB opuzunaxa THE ORTHODOX FAITH Volume 1 DOCTRINE

by Father Thomas Hopke Illustrated by John Matusiak

YPCOHUK nporojepcj-crasporpop AP 30paH KPCT]I[D

TOMacXonKO

nPABOCIlABHA BEPA

I KfbUZa

o y'fefby

OCHOBHJ.1 npJ.1PYYHVlH

o nPABOCIJABHOJ L(PHBVI

ca eHZAeCK02 npeeesa J;[pMHa Crerpanonah

APyro M3Aalf>e Kparyjesall.2006.

Cazrpxcaj

I ltI3BOPltI XPltIIII1iAHCKOr Yl.!EI-bA 7

CBeTo crxpxsen.e 8

CBeTo npeAalbe 12

CBeTo nl1CMO 14

HOEl1 3aBeT 17

CBeTa Al1Typrl1ja 18

Bace.sexcxa cafiopn 20

CBeTI1 01.\11 23

CBeTI1Terol1 26

KaHOHI1 28

UpKBeHa YMeTHocT 30

II CJ.1MBOA BEPE 33

HJIIKejcKO-1.\apl1rpaACKI1 CI1MBOA sepe 34

Bepa 37

Bor 40

Crsapaise 45

AHl)eAI1 48

3AH AYXOBI1 49

-Iosex 51

Ipex 57

l1eye Xpl1eTOC 60

CI1H EO)Kl1jl1 62

Onanxohen,e 68

l1eKYillDel-be 83

Bacxpces.e 97

Basirecea,e 102

llOCAeAI-bl1 eYA 104

Llapcrso EQ)!(l1je 110

Caeru Ayx 113

UpKBa 118

CBeTe rajne 123

Be'lHH )KI1BOT 127

III CBETA TPOJltIlIA 129

CBeTa Tpojnua 131

El16Al1orpa¢l1ja 143

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113BOPI1 XPI1III'BAHCKOr YQEI-hA

Csaxor AaHa Ha )YTpelby npaBOCAaBHa lIPKBR MCnoneaa: E02 je Iocnob u jaeu ce nama; 6AazoCAoBeli je onaj KOjU oos asu Y UMe Iocnootee! (ncaA aM 118: 26-27) Ilpsn OCHOB xpnurhaxcxor Y'Ielba HaAa3M ce Y OBOM 6Yl6AMjCKOM CTMXY: Iocnoo HaM jaeu ce6e.

Ear ce noxasao CBOjMM craopeu-usca. OH HMje OTxpno csoje HRjAy6,be 611he jep Ty HajAy6my 13mKl1jy cyurmny crsopeu.a He Mory CXBRTI1TI1.

Bor ie noxaaao OHOAI1KO OA cso]e EOlKaHcKe rrpMpoAe 11 BOme, KOAVIKO mYAM Mory Aa BMAe 11 paaysrejy.

Flyaoha 11 caspurencrao EOlKl1jer casioorxpnaerea noxasyiy ce Kp03 Hieronor C11Ha Hcyca XPI1CTa, KOjl1 je AOEpLIlelt>e nocreneaor J1 AeAI1Ml1'-lHOr Boxotjer OTxpnsen,a 113 Crapor aane ra. XPJ1CTOC je J1CTl1HCKYl 'raj Bsaeocnoeenu ... KOjU OO/IaSU Y UMe Iocnoinee.

toYAl1 OCAoBloaBajy XpMCTa najnpe ca PaEI1, WTO AOCAOBHO 3Ha'Hi YqHTero, a asaise Y'IMTe",a y OHO apewre HOCI1AI1 cy OHI1 IoYAM KOjJ1 cy MMaAI1 rrpaBO Aa noayxaaajy, XPJ1CTOBJ1 CAeA6eHI111J1 Ha3BaHI1 cy YqeHHI.\MlVla.

XPI1CTOC je AOWRO IoYAVlMa npe caera xao Yql1Te", xora je rrocxao Eor. OH rrporronez,a BO"'Y EOlKl1jy 11 06- jaEloyje Bora "'YAMMa. OH OTKpJ1Ba .rajne l.lapcrna 130- lKl1jer caao OHOAJ1KO KOAI1KO A>YAI1 Mory Aa CXBaTe.

AOAa3aK XpJ1CTa xao Y'IJ1TeA>a je jeAaH BI1A It>eronor nocrojan.a xao Xpl1CTa Mecnje. Pen XPI1CTOC xa rpqKOM je3MKy je I1CTO LIlTO 11 Mecnja na jeapejcxow, a TO 3Haql1 DOlKHjl1 IIOMa3amlK. Icp, KaAa Mecnja 6yAe Aowao, npexcxaaano je, "'YAI1 he 6l1TI1 HaY'feHU 00 Tocnooa (Mcal1ja 54: 13; JOBaH 6: 45).

XPI1CTOC AOAa311 IoYAI1Ma xao He6ec](11 yql1Tem. Y MHOrl1M rrpI1AJ1KaMa. TBPAI10 je Aa cy It>erOJ.le pe'II1 bO)(J1je peQI1 11 rOBOpl10 xao Onai KOjU B/laCm UMa, a He xao 06WIHl1 jespejcxn Y'l.I1Telol1 (Marej 7: 29). A sa OHe [(ojJ1 cy oA6alll1BaAI1 It>erOBO yqelt>e percao je Aa oA6au;yjy caxrora Iocnoz,a.

Ko tsepy]« y uene, lie eepyje y steue, He20 y OH02a KOjU Me je nocsao. M KO euou uese, suou OHOGa KO-

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ju Me je nocnao. fa y ceem oohox «ao ceem nocm ... Iep ja He 20BOPUX cau 00 ce6e, He20 Omau MOj «oju Me nOCAa OH MU aaoe sanoeecrn ucma aa «aseeu ... Illmo 20a, aaKAe, ja 20BOPUM, OHaKO 20BOPUlvl KaKO MU je pexao Omau. (JoBaH 12: 44-50)

XPI1CTOC Hl1je y-uro JoYAe caxio pe'II1Ma seh 11 CBOjl1M AeAJ.1Ma; rra 'IaK 11 caMOM CBojOM nojasoxr. 3a ce6e je pexao Aa je MCTJolHa (JoBaH 14: 6) 11 Aa je CBeTAocT (Ioaaa 8: 12). TIojaBA>I1BaO ce He caxio xao onaj KOjM roBOP!1 EOlKJ1je pe411, seh xao oaaj [(ojl1 je caM )KI1Ba Pex EOlKJ1ja y "'YACKOM TeAY, Aoroc, KOjJ1 je ne-raa J1 necrsopen, aAl1 1<ojJ1 je rrocrao qOBeK Mcyc HasapehaHI1H Aa 611 CBeTY 06jaBI10 Eora.

Y nouemxy tieuce .!lozoc (Peu), U .!l020C oeuce y E02a, U .!1020C tieiue E02. OH tiesue y no-temxy y Soea. Cee KpOS teeea nocmaoe, u 6e3 teeea uutuma lie nocmaoe tumo je nocmaso.

Y lbeMY 6eUle YCUBOm, U Jj(U130m 6eUle CBemnocm il>yaUMa. M csem.socm csemsu y mauu, U maMa je He 06Y3e ...

Beuie CBemJlOCm ucmuuuma «oja otiacjaea ceaxoea uoeexa KOjU ooxasu na ceem. Y cBemy tieiue, U ceem Kp03 ieeea nocmaoe, U ceem ea ne nOSHa ...

M .!lozoc nocmaoe meso U nacmasu ce Mep;y «aua, U BuaeCMO C/iaBY lbeZOBY, CAa13Y «ao leouuopOOH02a 00 Oua, nyH 6Aazooamu U ucmuue ...

M oo nynohe ieeeoee MU csu npuuucuo, U 6/laeooam ua 6/W200am. lep ce 3aKOH oaae npexo Mojceja, a 6Aa20oam U ucmuna nocmaoe KpOS Meyca Xpucma.

B02a HUKO uuje euoeo HUKaa. leouuopoonu CUH xoje je y HapY'fjy Oua, on za otijasu.

(JOJ.laH 1: 1-18, z.eo Esaahex.a 1<ojl1 ce 'II1Ta aa Bacxpunsoj Al1Typfl1jl1)

XPJ1CTOC, 60)!(aHCKa Pe'I - Pe-r EO)!(l1ja y IoYAC](OM TeAY - Aol)e Aa y411 IoYAe CBOjl1M npucycruoxr, CBOjl1M pe'II1Ma 11 CJ.lOjI1M AeAI1Ma. Hserosn Y'l.eHJ1l1l1 rrOCAaHI1 cy y CBeT Aa npononeaaiy J-bera J1 iseroso Enanhe.ee, llITO AOCAOBHO 3HaCIH paAOCHa BeCT J1AJ1 Ao6pa BeCT

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o Llapcruy OO)f(VljeM. OH.VI xoje Iocnoz, XPI1CTOC uraA:>e 30llY ce Anocroxu, a TO sxa-nr OHM KOjM cy nOCAaHM. Anocroxn cY aenocpes.uo HaAaxHYTVl ClleTMM AYXOM, AYXOM l1cT.VIHe (Ioaarr 15: 26), rrOCAaH.VI Aa Hayue CBe napooe OHOMe WTO je XPI1CTOC 3arrOBeAMO (Marej 28: 19).

ITpBM xpmuhanir 6ejaxy nocmojauu y Hay~u anocmoscxoj (Aan 2: 42). Hayxa OBAe jeAHocTallHo 3Ha'IJIl Y'IeIbE I1AI1 noyxa. Y'leibe arrOCTOAa je Y'Ielbe XPJIlCTOBO, OKO nocraje ysen.e xpmuhanctce lIpxac, Y'IeHI1LjI1 CBI1X A06a .VI yspac ra llpl1Majy fa xao casso Boxorje yxen,c. To Y'leibe ce npouoacz,a csars,a 11 cllYAa xao Y'lelbe 0 Be'IHOM )J(.VIBOTY KOjl1M ce CBI1 A:>YAH H cae caer rrpocnehyjy H cnacasajy.

Mopaxro 1l0MeHYTH Aa, VlaKO je OO)f(Hje caMOOTKpl1- nerse y I1CTOPl1jl1 Kp03 1>13a6paHI1 1>13pa1>1A:>CKI1 HapOA - OTKp1>1Befhe 'Il1jl1 je BpxyHaLj AOAa3aK Xpl1CTa Mecnje - OA llpBeHCTBEHor sna-raja, y"elbE Xp1>111ItlaHCKE IJ;pKBe je 11 TO Aa cy I1CTI1HCKe CBe Te)l(lbe A:>YAI1 xa I1CTI1- HI1 ncnyisene y XPI1CTY. CBaKO npaao rAeAI111ITe aa CMI1CaO )f(I1BOTa I1Ma csoje HajBI111Ie ofipaaxozceise y xpnurhaacxoxr eBaHl)eroy. Taxo, CBeTVl OIJ;W Llpxae y'Ie Aa 'Ie)f(lbe llaraHCKI1X peAl1fMja 11 MYAPOCT MHOD1X qJl1- AOCOqJa Mory Aa nocxysce llpl1rrpeMI1 A:>YAI13a XPI1CTO- 130 Y'Ielbe, 1>1 TO cy 3al1CTa BaA:>aHI1 llYTeBI1 xa jeAI1Hoj 11CTI1HI1DO)!(l1joj.

TaKO cy Xpl1l11naHI1 CMaTpaAI1 Aa cy HeKI1 rp'IKI1 ¢I1AOCOqJl>1 611AI1 DorOM npocsehemr Aa 611 CAY)l(J1AM Ha'IeAY 11cTl1He l1ll0A1>1AI1 roYAe rryaohn )!(J1BOTa y DOry, 1l01IITO ce pev 11 MYAPOCT Boxcnja oTKpMBa CBI1M roYAI1Ma l<ojl1 cy y 'lI1CTOTI1 cnora YMa 11 cpua HaAaXHYI'll 6Q)KaHCKOM cnerxourhy xoja npocsehyje csaxora 1(0jl1 AOAa311 Ha CBeT.

Hnje rtpcrepaao aKO ce xaxce Aa je 60)!(a.HCKO OTKpMBeH'>e y Crapoxr 3aBeTY, y LlpKBI1 Honora sase-ra, y )f(I1BOTMMa CBeTMTeA:>a, Y MYAPOCTI1 OTaL(a, y AerrOTI1 crnapaisa ... a aajnornvanjc 11 najcanpnremrje je y 11cycy XPI1CTY, CI1HY DO)f(.VljeM oTKpMBeH'>e caxi ora IocnoAa.Dor je rosopno.Bor je AeAao.Dor ce jaaao I~ HaCTaBI10 Aa ce rrojaazoyje y )!(I1BOTY caora napoz.a.

AKO xoheuo Aa 'IyjeMo 00)f(11)11 rxac M BI1AI1MO AeAa OO)f(Mjer orxpxseisa y CBeTY, MopaMO O<lI1CTM1'I1 CBOj yM 11 cpue OA csera lIITO je 3AO M Aa)!(HO. Mopasro

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ce TPYAI1TI1 Aa BOAI1MO I1CTJ1HY, Aa BOAI1MO jeAH.Vl APYre 11 CBe lIITO je Eor CTBOPI10. Tlperaa npaBOCAaBHOM Y'leIbY, O'IMlIIneH'>e OA Aa)f(M 11 rpexa je rryr xa n03Hafuy Dora. AKo ce OTBOPI1MO sa 60)l(aHcKY 6AaroAaT M O'II1CTI1MO OA CBMX saxa, OHAa her-ro cxrypno MOnl1 Aa rrpaBMAHO TYMa'II1MO CBeTe Klbl1re 11 ybexo y JJ'<11- By 8ajeAHI1L(y ca MCTI1HI1TI1M, )f(I1BI1M Boroxr KOjl1 je roYAHMa OTKPMO ce6e M OHI1Ma I(OjM fa BOAe OTKpMB3 ce6e M AaA:>e.

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CBeTO upenan,e

CBaKI1AaUUbM )KMBOT EO)!(Mjer aapoxa 30Be ce CBeTO npeAalbe. CBeTO npeaaise Crapor aasc ra M3AO)KeHO je Y CTap03aBeTHOM AeAY DI16AMje M Y )!(MBOTY M3paMA>CKor xapoz,a AO XPMCTOBor pohen,a. OBO npeAalbe je rrcnyn.cno, ynoTnYlbeHO, Y3BMlII€HO Y BpeMe Mecaje My xpxurhancxoj l.lPKBI1.

HOB03aBeTHO I1AI1 xpMlIIt1aHCKO npexau.e 30Be ce jour 11 anOCTOACKO I1AH lIpKBeHO npeaarse. fAaBHH I1I1CaHI1 Aeo onor upcxau.a 'U1He HOB03aBeTHe KIbHfe CB€Tor nncraa. EBaHl)emal1 APyrM Cnl1CM anOCTOACKe Llpxse qMHe jearpo xpmuhaucxor rrpeAalba 11 rAaBHI1 cy nl1CaHM M3BOP 11 HaAaxHyne csera lIITO ce pa3BI1AO y rrOTOlbl1M nOKOA€IbMMa.

OBO XpMlUhaHCKO npexau.e npeHOCM ce C HapOAa ua HapOA, Kp03 npexie M npocrop. Flpeaan.e 3Ha'l11 ynpaso OHO llITO ce npexaje, rrpeHOCI1 OA jeAHora APYrosie. CBeTO rrpeAafue je, TaKO, OHO WTO ce rrpez.aje 11 npeHOCI1 Y OKEMPY Llpxae, OA BpeMeHa XPMCTOBl1X arrOCTOAa rra CBe AO AaHalIIlber AaHa.

MaKO ce cacrojn OA MHOrl1X rrl1CaHI1X AOKYMeHaTa, CBeTO npeaaiee nnje OrpaHl1'1eHO ira OHO UITO je Harmcano. HaOpOTI1B, TO je rrOTrrYHI1 )!(l1BOT JA I1CKYCTBO '1I1TaBe L(pKBe xojc ce rrpeHOCJA C MeCTa ua MeCTO M C noxoxeisa na nosoxeise. Ilpeaau,e je ynpaBo )!(MBOT caste l.Ipxne jep ra BOAI1 11 HaAaxlbyje CBeTI1 Ayx.

Mehynoa, y l.lPKBI1 He npnnaaa CBe CB€TOM rrpexafuY, jep y LlpKBI1 Hl1je CBe Y'lI1!beHO 6AafOAahy CBeTora Ayxa 11 y l..\pKBI1 ce CYWTVIHCKI1 11 HY)!(HO CBe He OAHOCI1 ira Llapcrno EO)Kl1je. Hexe CTBapl1 y l.lPKBI1 cy cavo npoxasne 11 npl1BpeMeHe, caeio roYACKI1 0611'Iajl1 6e3 se-me M Be'lI1Te BP€AHOCTI1. TaKBe CTBapl1 HI1CY caere rro ce611 rpeume nxn HeI1CrrpaBH€. HarrpOTI1B, OHe Mory 611TM B€OMa rr0311TI1BHe 11 OA BeAI1Ke rrOMOhl1 )!(l1BOTY lIprcne, OCI1M aKO 11M ce He npMAa sna-raj KOjM nexrajy. Y TOM CMI1CAY, BeOMa je Ba)KHO y LlPKBI1 HarrpaBI1TI1 pa3AMKy M3Mel)y rpaamnrja xoje cy TeK 3eMaroCKe, mYACKe 11 npoxaaue Jil I1CTI1HCKor Cseror npexan.a xoje ce TI1'Ie He6eCKor, se-mor llapcrna Eo)Kl1jer.

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Ba)KHO je raxohe rrpl13HaTI1 Aa y LlPKBI1 I1Ma 11 raKBI1X CTBapM «oie He caxro Aa He npanaxajy CBeTOM npenaisy, seh ce He Mory yopajaru HI1 y fbeHe rr03MTI1BHe OB03eMamCKe TpaAHl1l1je. OBe CTBapM xoie cy ynpaao rpciunc HAI1 nencnpasne YHeTe cy Y I1pKBeHI:! )KI1BOT M3 CBeTa 3Aa.

Ilpxsa y CBOM mYACKOM BMAY, xao sexra.ecxa YCTaHOBa HHje I1MyHa xa rpexe CBOjHX aecaapureanx '1AaHOBa. Ta 1130na'IeHOCT M rpeuncc xoje ce ysxase y )KMBOT Llpxsc rtoz, CYAOM cy npaBor 11 113BopHor Cneror rrpexaa,a «oje AOAa311 OA Bora.

Mehy eAeMeHTMMa xojc qMHe CBeTO rrpeAalbe LlpKBe, CBeTO rrl1CMO 33Y311Ma npso MeCTO. 3aTI1M AOAa- 3€ AHTypUljCKI1 M MOM!TBeHI1 )KI1BOT Llpxse, rra AorMaTCKe 0AAYKe 11 AeAa npl13HaTI1X l1pKBeHHx catiopa, cnncn CBeTJ.lX oraua, )KI1BOTl1 caerxre.sa, KaHOHCKa npasnxa H aajsaz, I1KOHOrpa¢cKo npexaise sajcano ca ApyrJ.lM HaAaxHYTI1M 06AHI1I1Ma crsapaxa-ucor, YMeTHM4Kor M3pa)f(aBalba xao WTO cy MY3MKa 11 apxnTeKTypa.

CBI1 eAeMeHTJ.I Cseror rrpeAalba cy opraHCKJ.I rrone 3aHM y CTBapHOM )KI1BOTY. HI1 jeAaH OA lbl1X He CTOjI1 cai«. HH jeAaH He MO)Ke 611TI1 1130AOBaH I1AI1 oABojeH OA Apyror HlATM OA ,-\eAOBI1TOCTH )KI1BOTa Llpxse. CBM ce nojas.eyry xao CTBapHI1 y npasoxr )KHBmefuY upxseHI1M )KHBOTOM Y CBaKOM A06y 11 cnaxoj renepauaju, y CBaKO apexre M ua CBaKOM MecTy. DOWTO Llpkaa H Aaroe )!(l1BH HaAaxHyheM CBETora Ayxa, CBeTO npeaaise Llpxse M Aaroe he paCTMl1 pa3811jaTM ceo Taj he npouec rpajaru cne AO ycnoc'ran.san,a Llapcrna EO)Kl1jer Ha xpajy CBJ.lX BeKOB3.

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CBeTO nncrao

3a6eA€)!(€HO CBeAO'laHCTBO Boacnjer OTKpWBelba jeere Dw6Awja, UJTO 3HaqJ1 Klbl'lra WAH Klbl'lre. DH6AHja ee jour Ha3MBa 11 CBeTO I1MCMO. ITMCMO xao peq OBAe jeAHocTaBHO 3Ha'1I1 cnncn. EJ16AMjy cy npe mnne XMloaAa rOAlrma mICaAJ1 pa3HJ1 ,"'YAJ1. IToAeloeHa je Ha ABa aanera HAW casesa. OBe peqH osnaaasajy cnopaSYM, I1AI1 6J1CMO MOfAJ1 peher AO[,OBOp. Asa rxaeira sase ra cy CTapM J1 HOBw; CBaKJ1 OA IbJ1X MMa csoie cnuce. Kao KlbMra DJ16AJ1F caAP>KI1 MHoro pa3AJ1ql1- TWX spcra cnvca: 3aKOHe, npopo-ranc raa, I1CTOPJ1jy, noeanjy, rrpl1'le, MYApe aapcxe, MOAWTse, rrOCAaHMl.\€ 11 CJ1MSOAJ1qKe BJ13J1je.

CTapH 3aBeT

CI1l1CM Crapor aanera I10QMIbY ca ner KIbMra - SaKOHa CBJ1X KJ-bJ1ra Ha3BaHHX IIeToKlbl1lKje, WTO 3HaQI1 ne r Klbl1ra, xoje ce 30BY jow W Topa, rj. 3aKoH. IToHeKaA C€ OBe Klbl1re 30BY M Mojcnieae Klbl1re jep yrAaBHoM ron ope 0 J13AaCKY 113 Ernrrra 11 0 MojcnjcBOM 3aKOHY.

Y Craposi 3aBeTY naxase ce J1 Klbwre 0 l[CTOpWjl1 v13paMloa; 3aTI1M raK03BaHe KlbJ1re MyAPOCTM, xao IllTO cy ITcaAMJ1 AaBI1AosM, ITpl1Qe COAOMOHOBe, Kisnra 0 JOBY; I1llpOpO'IKe Klbl1re, Ha3B3He no HMeHMM3 CTap03aBeTHHX npopoxa. Ilpopox je ouaj KOjW no 60)!(aHCKOM HaAaxHyny npononeaa Pe-r EO)!(Mjy. TeK y CBOM APyroM 3HaQelbY pe'l npopOK npeACT3BtDa onora KOjW npopa-re 6YAynHOCT.

Ilpaaocxaena U:PKB3 y6paja y crapoaaaernc KlbHre 11 TaK03BaHe AesTepOKaHOHCKe Klbl1re, xoje ce He urrasmajy y AaHaIlllbl1M rrpOT€CTUHTCKI1M M3A3lbMMa Cse'ror I1I1CMa, aAM ce M3 IbMX 'lMTa aa ITpaSOCAaSHMM 60rocAy)!(elbI1M3. OCTaA11 xpl1111haHI1 OBe KlbMre CTaB,uajy na CITOpeAHO MeCTO MAM caCSMM nopx-ry lbWXOBO 6mKaHCKO HaAaxHyne (SJ1AeTM Ta6eAY)·

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HOBI1 3aBeT

CpeAI1WTe HOB03aBeTHor AeAa DI16AMje 'lMHe '1ETMpM esaxhex,a: no Marejy, MapKY, i\yI(I111 JOBaHY, xojc 30BeMO eBaHi)eAI1C'rI1Ma (TO cy XPI1CTOBI1 arrOCTOAl1, rrI1CL\l1 Eaaxbe.va). Pe-r Eaaahcx.e AOAa311 011. rpxxe pe'1l1 eBaHl'eAHOH WTO, xao WTO CMO BI1AeAI1, 3Ha'iM paAOCHa BeCT I1AI1 z.ofipa BeCT,

MeQY HOB03aBeTHI1M CI1HCI1Ma 110CTOjl1 11 Klbl1fa AeAa anOCTOACKa, kojy je aarnrcao CBeTI1 arrOCTOAeBaHQeAI1CT AYKa. !Ibm 11 -rerpnaecr I1I1CaMa 3BaHMX nOCAaHHLle cseror 3I10Cl'OA3 Ilanxa, l1aKO HeKe (K30 na npHMep nOCAaHML\Y [enpejaxia) HHje uenocpexno OH xanncao. 3aTMM TpH nOCAaHI1L\e xoje ce npxnncyjy CBeTMM al10CTOAMMa JaKoBY l1 JYAM. OBMX ceAaM 110- CAaHI1L1a naannaiv ce cafiopHMM. Hajsaz, Ty je 11 Klbl1- ra o'rxpnaerea Ha3BaHa JOUI H Anoxaxanca, xoja ce raxobe npl1Ill1cYJe CBeTOM anocroxy-esaubexncr» JOBaHY (BHAem Ta6eAY).

3a npaaocxaanc, Dl16Al1ja je fAaBHM Ill1CaHI1 M3BOP 60lKaHcKor )"Ielba nOUITO je caM Bor, CBeTVlM AYXOM HaAaxHYo iseae IlI1CL\e (BI1AeTI1 L TI1M 3: 16 M 2, TIT 1: 20). OBO je Y'IeIbE 0 fioroHaAaxHYTOCTI1 DVl6AMje, IllTO ne pehn Aa cy "'YAH Borosi HaAaxHYTH HaI1HCaAH pe-nr, IoYACKe pc-nr - CBe cy pe'lM "'YACKe! - aAI1 xoje CBe sajez.ao xror y 6l1TI1 Ha3BaHe Pex BO:)I<Hja. Taxo je DI16AI1ja Pe» DO.)[(l1ja y IlI1CaHOM 06AI1KY, jep He CaAP)!(V1 car-to MI1CAI1HI1CKYCTBa roYAH, Ben YIlpaBO DO)!(Hje cawoorxpasee-e.

CpeAI1UITe D116Al1je, xao IoYACKOM PYKOM rnrcaae DO)!(Hje Pe-nr jecre AH'IHOCT )KI1Be Pe-nt Boacnje Y IoYACKOM 06AI1KY - Mcyc XpHCTOC. CBM AeAOBI1 Dl16AMje ce y Flpanocxannoj LlPKBM TYMaqe Y CBeTAY XpI1CTOBOM, I10WTO CBe Y Dl16AI1jl1 fOBOPI1 0 XPMCTY 11 BOAM xa llieMY (AYKa 24: 44). Onaj nOAaTaK CHMBOAM30- BaH je Y Ilpaaocxasno] LlPKBM 'll1lbeHHI.IOM Aa carvw EBaHQe",e (xisnra ca '1eTl1pl1 eaaabe-sa) CTOjl1 na OA'rapcxoxt I1peCToAY rj, ira '{acHoj Tpane311, a He uexa E116Al1ja. To je 3aTO UITO ce CBe CaAP)!(aHO Y El16AI1jM ~CIIYlbaBa y XPI1CTY.

17

Cnera JIII'ryprl1ja

Kaaa ce UpKBa, !liTO 3Ha'll1 CKyrr I1Al1 3ajeAHI1l1a no- 3BaHMX (UpKBa ce na I'P'lKOM 30Be eKMICl1ja, OA EK-K3- Aeo ~ n03MBaM) paAM ofiasx.an-a oxpehenor 3 a.xartca , OKyrrI1 xao OmI<l1jl1 HapOA aa MOAI1TBY, raj cxyn ce 30- Be AI1Typmja (6oroCApKelhe). Pe-r AMTypmja 03HaQaBa jaBHw qWH oApel)eHe rpyne fuYAM, KOjW ce 06aBfua paAI1 CBI1X lhl1X. Y TOM CMI1CAY, 60lK3HCKa AHTyprl1ja XPMnrhaacxe UpKBe jecre 3ajeAHMqKO AeAO OmKJ1je xoje 06aBfua HapOA OOIKI1jl1.

Arrrypruja CTap03aBeTHor J!13paMfu3 cacrojaxa ce OA 3BaHI1'1HOr 60rocAYIKelha y JepYCaAJ1MCKOM xpaMY, npeM3 Mojcxjeaora 3aKOHY, 33TJ1M OA rOAI1Il1lhJ1X rrpa- 3HI1Ka 11 110CTOBa 11 rrpl1BaTHI1X MOAMTBH M CAY?K6H xoje cy J;f3paJ1fullJ1 OAPIKaB3AJ1 KOA xyhe HAH y cnnai oraera. Cnuarore cy AOMOBM oxyn.saa-a: OHe HI1CY xpaMOB11, nourro je npexra 3a[WHY, nocrojao caxr a jeAaH xpaM y JepycaAI1My rz.e ce AP?KaAa CBeIllTeHWiKa cAYIK6a. Y CI1- narorava l!13paJ1fuU;J1 cy ce oKyrrfu3AJ-t paAJ1 MOAJ1TBe H rrpoyq3Balh3 6J16AMjCKHX oAeluaKa, CAYIlI3lh3 rrporrOBeAM H pa3MJ1Il1lualha a Pe-ru OO)KMjOj.

Y HOB03aBeTHoj UPKBI1 AMTyprMja je, rrpe csera, oxpncroax.en-e CTap03aBeTHor 60rocAY)K6eHOr )KMnora: y lbeHOM CpeAl!l!llTy je XpMCTOBa AHqHOCT. XpMIlIh3HCKa UpKBa 3aAPlKaAa je 60[OcAy",6eHI1 (AMTYPrujcror) ",I1BOT Crapor 3aBeT3, 311.11 y HOBOj 11 Be'fHoj nepcnex rnmr. Ha Taj Ha'lI1H, MOAI1TBe, CI1I1CI1 M ncaxMI1 Crapor saaera, -n.rrajy ce 11 neB3jYYCBeTAOCTW XpMCTOBOj. >KpTBa Te1\3 11 KpBI13aMeHl!lAa je CTap03aBeTHe xpasionne )KpTBe. A Iocnoxu.n AaH, HeAelua, 3aMeHMO je jespejcxn catiar, OAHOCHO Cy60TY·

11 ienpejcx» rrpa3HHlIM A06111\M cy Y xpmnhancxo] UPKBM HOBO ana-ierse ca u;eHTpaAHMM rrpaSHMKOM Ilacxe, KOjl1 nocraie CA3Btoelbe XpWCTOB€ CMpTMM BaCKp" cen.a, a npaSHMK Jles.ecerroma nocraje C1\aBluelbe CMxacxa Cncror Ayxa, qMMe C€ McrrYlbaBa CTap033BeTHM 3aKOH. 11 xpmuhancxa 60roc1\Y?K6eHa [OAI1Ha CTBopeua je rro CTap03aBeTHOM 06paClIY.

Ilocxe vcraaoax-aeaisa CTap03aBeTHe AMTyprMje, CTapOS3BeTHor 60roc1\y)!(elba, UpKBa paasnja CBOj

18

conCTBeHM CBeToTajMHcKM )KHBOT ca xpurren-er-r y MMe CBeTe Tpojuue, MMporroM33albeM, CBeTMM rrpM-ieiuhen, tipaxow, ncnonemhy, jexocsehen.exr 11 CBeIlITeHCTBoM, IlITO je npJ1MMAO nocetine xpinuhancxc 061\HKe 11 saa-rersa. llha unuie. BeM1KO 60raTcTBo, crreU;I1q,M'IHO Xpl1Il1naHCKI1X MOAMTaBa, necaxra H CAaBOCAaBlua paaaujaxo ce 3ajeAHo ca crrellVlrpwlHO xpMIlInaHCKwM C1\aBluMMa M npaaauunxra y cnoxrea na HOBoaaBeTHe Aoral)aje ~l caern're«,e. >KI1BO I1CKYCTBO xpmuhancxor cserorajnncxor 11 AJ.1TyprMjCl(or IKI1BOTa je npBeHcTBeHI1 M3BOP xpmuhancxor Y<lelha. Y lIpKBeHOM 60J:ocAy)!(elbY, CBeTO rrMCMO M CBeTO npeAalbe O?KMBOTBOpyjy ce M AOAajy aerrccpez.aov I1CI<YCTBY xpnnrhana. Taxo he Kp03 MOAJ.1TBY 11 CBeTOrajrnrcrco yueiuhe CBM toYAI1 611TM HaY'feHU oJ B02a, xao IlITO je npopeueuo sa MecHjaHcKo A06a (JoBaH 6: 45). Ilopcs, ?KMBOr AO)!(MBluaBalh3AMTyprl1je, 60[OCAY",6eHM M cBeToTajMHcKM TeKCTOBI1 npY?Kajy rnrcane nasope Y'lelba, 11 Y TOM CMMCAY onaj KO )KeAH Aa pa3- YMe Xpl1Il1haHCKO yqelbe MO)Ke M IbMX npoyqaBaTM. Ilpeua MMlliluelbY Flpaaocxaaue uprcse, CBeToTajMHCKI1 M AMTyprMjcKM TeKCTOBM - XI1MHe, CAaBOCAOBloa, M01\HTBe, CMMBOAM M 06peAH - He CaAp;](e q,opMaAHe rpelliKe HI1TM. KPHBOTBopcTBa xpnurhaacxe Bepe, re MM ce MO?Ke rtorrryno BepoBaTM aKO ce )1(eAI1 caanarn MCTJ1HCKO 113BOPHO yqelbe Ilpanocxasae upxse. Mo)Ke ce AorOAMTI1 Aa je HeKM MCTOPMjCKJ1 noz.aran, KOjl1 ce uahe y lIpKBeHMM npasnnuava, HeTa'laH MAM caxro CMMB01\I1'1aH, aAM y UPKBM HeMa CYMlbe Aa je reopujCKI1 H AYXOBHI1 CMI1CaO CBMX TMX npas-urxa M3BOPHH M aYTeHTWIaH M Aa oxroryhasa I1CTI1HCKM AO/KI1Btoaj 11 rtosuaa-e Bora,

19

Bacc/scucxn cafiopn

lIpxsa ce Kp03 J1CTOPMjy CYOLIaBaAa ca MHOfJ1M reWKJ1M 0AAYKaMa. OHa je yserc peiuaaaxa reuncohe J1 AOHOCJ1Aa OAAYKe ycarxauieaourhy MI'IWibeH>a CBJ1X IiOroM HaAaXHYTJ1X B€pHJ1Ka, KojMMa cy 6J1AJ1 aa '{eAY H>J1XOBJ1H3a6paHM rrpeABOAHl1l..1M - aainpe arrOCTOAJ1 a 3aTJ1M J1 errI'ICKOrrJ1.

ITPBI'I I..IpKBeHJ1 caeop OAP)l(aH je y anocroxcxoj IIpKBM, Aa 6M ce YTBPAI1AO noz, KOjl1M YCAOBJ1Ma He3Ha6- WI..IVI, rj, ue-Icapejn MOry ytm y xpmuhaacxy llpxsy (BMAeTM Aarr15). OA Tor BpeMeHa cy ce Kp03 HCTOPMjy, paAH AOHOWeH>a Ba>I,HJ1X oAAYKa, OAP)l(aBaAVI ca60pJ1 na CBJ1M HJ1BOMMa >KJ1BOTa y LjPKBM. ErrMCKOnJ1 cy ce peAOBHO cacrajaxn ca CBOjHM CBeWT€HVlI..IHMa - xoje cy raxohe 3SHAJ1 CTap€WJ1H€ J1AM CTapl..IH Tj. AYXOBHJ1 CTapl..IJ1 - J1 HapOAOM. Y l..\PKB€HOj J1CTOPJ1jJ1 je BpAO paHO YWAO y npaxcy, qaK rrOCTaAO J1 rrpaSJ1AO, Aa ce errHCKOrrJ1 y oApel)€HJ1M 06AaCTJ1Ma P€AOSHO cacrajy xa Ca60pJ1Ma. ITospeM€HO cy y npxaeno] HCTOPHjJ1 ca3HBaHH ca60pJ1 CSHX €m1CKorra. HapaBHO, CSH enHCKOnJ1 HHCY MOf/\J1 Aa npncycrsyiy OBJ1M Ca60pJ1Ma, J1 Llpxna y CBOM CS€TOM npeAaH>yHHje aYTOMaTCKH rtpuxsaraxa H rrornphnnaxa CBe OBaKBe ca6ope. Y Ilpaaocxanuoj !.IPKBJ1 caxto je ceAaM OBaKSI1X catiopa (OA KOjJ1X cy HeKJ1, YCTSapJ1, 6J1AJ1 Ma/\H no 6pojy rrpHcyTHJ1X €rrJ1CKorra) A06J1AO yHJ1sep3a/\Hy rrOTBPAY !.I€A€ LjPKS€ Y CSJ1M BpeMeHMMa 11 na CBMM M€CTI1Ma. OSJ1 cadopn Ha3BaHJ1 cy C€AaM BacemeHCKl'IX cafiopa (BHAeTI1 Ta6eAY).

AOfMaTcKe oApeA6e (AorMa 3Ha'IH 3BaHI1'IHO ysefbe) M KaHOHCKa npaanxa BaceibeHCKI1X caoopa CXBarajy ce xao Boron HaAaxHYTI1H xao V13pa3 Iio)l(l1je sozse y 0AHOCY Ha ibYAe. Y TOM CMHC/\Y OHI1 cy BeOMa Ba)l(HJ1 113BOPl1 npasocxamror XpJ1WnaHCKor Y'IeH>a.

Ilopen ceAaM SaC€ibeHCKJ1X ca6opa, nocroje 11 noxreCHJ1 !.IpKSeHJ1 catiopn, ql1je cy 0AAYKe I1CTO TaKO rrpJ1- 3HaTe y CSI1M rrpHBOCAHBHJ1M Llpxsasra na cBeTY, na ce cMaTpajy HCTI1HCKMM J13pa3HMa rrpaBocAaBHe sepe M JKJ1BOTa. OA/\YK€ OSI1X cafiopa cY yr/\aBHoM Mopa/\He rrpJ1pOAe J1AI1 ce, oner, TJ1,{Y I..IpKBeHOI' rropeTKa. Hnax, 11 OH€ J13AHJKY yqelb€ Tlpasocxasne !.IpKse.

20

Ce,ll;aM BaCeJbeHCKHX cafiopa

Hnxeja I

<,

Eepec

325. r. Cacrae.eex npsn A€O CHM-

noxa aepe, AeepHHJ1CHHa 60)l(aHCKa rrpJ1pOAa CJ1Ha Boxoijer.

381. r. Cacraa.sea APym Aeo CI1Maoxa aepe, AeepJ1HI1CaHa 60JKaHCKa rrpJ1pOAa Ayxa Cserora.

431. r Iocnoz, XPI1CTOC Aeepl1HI1CaH xao osanxoheaa Pe-; IioJKI1- ja, a Mapnja xao Boropoanua,

XPI1CTOC AeepMHI1CaH xao caspurenn DOf 11 caSpWeHI1 qOBeK y JeAHoj AJ1qHOCTI1.

JOW jeAHoM norspbeso y"leIbe 0 CBeTOj Tpojmnr J1 [0- cnoay XPJ1CTY.

Ilornpheua XpJ1CTOBa ibYACKa npnpoaa HarAHIIIasaIbEM CTBapHOCTJ1 Hserone A>YACKe SOibe J1 AejcTBa. ].1CTHKHYTa Sa)l(HOCT I1KOHH xao npasor BH3yeAHor 113- paaa XpJ1lUnaHCKe sepe,

XaAKJ1AOH 451. r.

Llapnrpaz, II 553. r.

Llapnrpaz, III 680. f.

HJ1KejH II

787.r.

21

Y L\PKSM nocrojn M3SeCTaH 6poj cserirre.va KOjM cy 6MAM 60rOCAOSM 11 AYXOSHI1 Y'fI1Teil>l1, 11 KOjl1 cy TyMaLII1AI1 11 6paHI1AI1 yueise xpmuhancxe sepe. OSI1 CSenlTeil>l1 naanaajy ce CBenlM OU;l1Ma Llpxne, a J-bMXOSO Y'feJ-be cseTOOTa'fKO MAM naTpI1CTI1'fKO Y'feJ-be (OA rp-nce pe-nr aa OLP narnp).

HeKM OA cserxx oraua 30Sy ce anoxorermaa 3aTO IlITO cy 6paHMAM xpl1IlIhaHCKO Y'feJ-be OA OHMX M3- nax Llpxse KOjl1 cy I1CMesaAM sepy. }bMXOSM CrrMCI1 cy Ha3saHM anoxoruje (anoxoruja - oA6paHa MAM oArosop).

Apym CSeTI1 01.\11 6paHI1AI1 cy xpMIlIhaHCKY sepy OA M3SeCHI1X 'fAaHOSa Llpxse KOjM cy M306AI1'faBaAM MCTMHY 11 )!(MSOT Y xpMllIhaHCTSY, npnxaarajyhn uexe AeAose xpmuhancxor Y'feJ-ba 11 oTKpMSeJ-ba, a oA6al.\yjynl1 Apyre. OHI1 KOjl1 cy 11306AM'faSaAI1 xpl111InaHCKY sepy na osaj Ha'fI1H 11 TMMe aapyuranaxu l.\eAOSI1TOCT xpuurhancxe LIpxse Ha311sajy ce jcpernunsia (KpMSOSepI.\I1Ma), a J-bMXOSa Y'leJ-ba jepecnraa (xpnnoaepjevr). flo AecpI1HMI.\MjM, jepec 3Ha'll1 J1360p, a jeperax je oua] KOjl1 611pa urra )!(eAI1 - nperaa CSOM concraenon MMllIiI>eJ-bY M MAejaMa, oAa611pa M ycsaja nexe AeAose Xpl111InaHCKor rtpez.aa-a, AOK APyre oA6al.\yje. CSOjl1M AeAaJ-beM, jepernx He cavo Aa YHI111ITasa l.\eAOSI1TOCT xpl111IhaHCKe I1CTI1He, Hero M )!(I1S0T Llpxse AeAI1 11 113a311sa pasz.op y 3ajeAHI1I.\I1.

Yorrurre ysea, npasOCAaBHO rtpez.aise CMaTpa Aa jepeTM'fKM Y'fI1Teil>l1 HI1CY y uexaxsoj 3a6AYAI1 360f Henoaaaaarsa CTSapl1, HMTM oner Aa cy 3aSeAeHI1, seh MX orrryxcyje xao norrtyno cnecne caojnx AeAa 11, y TOM CMI1CAY, rpellIHe. Oc06a xoja je rrpOCTO saaeneaa, I1AI1 je y 3a6AYAI1, MAI1 xoja y'l~I OHO llITO sepyje Aa je I1CTI1Ha, a Aa joj ce npl1 TOM HI1KO He cynpocraax.a HI1- TI1 rrpl1rosapa J-beHI1M Moryhl1M rpeuncava, He cxtarpa ce jepeTI1KOM y npaaoxr CMI1CAY pexn.

HMCY CSI1 CSeTI1 01.111 6paHI1AI1 sepy OA norpeurxor Y'feJ-ba I1AI1 jepecn. HeKI1 OA J-bI1X cy jeAHocTaSHO 611AI1 SpAO y6eAiI>I1sI1 y'lI1Tei\J11 xpl111IhaHCKe sepe, passujajyhl1l1 06jallIJ-basajyhl1 J-beHO auaxeise Ha jeAaH Ay6i\J11

23

11 rtorrryunju Ha'lI1H. Apyfl1 cy 61111.11 y'll1Tetol1 AyxOBnor )!(I1BOra, Aajytn1 BepHI1Ma yrrYTcTBa 0 CMWCAY 11 Ha'UlHY OAHoca ca Boron Kp03 MOAI1TBY 11 xpnurhanCKI1 IKI1BOT. OHM AYXOBHM y'lMTetoM 'Il1jM je ~l1to 6MO 60p6a y AYXOBHOM )!(I1BOTY 30BY ce rrOABI1)1(HHl.\I1, a rrOABl1lKHI1IIITBO je BeIK6albe M yrryhnnan.c AYXOBHHX a'rxe'ra: a OHI1 KOjl1 cy ce onpeaexaxn sa AYXOBHO OrrIIITelb€ ca Boroxr 30BY C€ MI1CTI1l.\H, a MI1CTI1Ka j€ MCTI1HCKO, I1CKYCTB€HO cj€AI1Ib€Ib€ ca oOlKaHcTBoM.

CBM CB€TI1 01111, 6e3 063Mpa Aa AM ce cnpcraaajy Meby 60rocAoBe, nacrxpe, rrOABM)!(HI1Ke I1AM M~ICTJIlKe, M3Hoce cnoja Y'l.elba 113 COlICTB€HOf AO>KJIlBtoaBalba Xpl1IIInaHCKor I1CKycTBa. OHI1 cy 6paHMAJIl, OrrI1CJIlBa- 11.1111 TYMaQMAJIl 60rOCAOBCKO y'lelbe 11 HaQI1He AYXOBnor >KI1BOTa 113 conc'raeaor Orrl1THOr caanaisa OBI1X CTBapHOCTI1. Y IbI1Ma ce cnajajy 6AI1CTaBOCT YMa, '1.11- CTOTa AYIIIe 11 rrpaBeAHOCT >KMBOTa. To je OHO IIITO MX 'lI1HM CB€TMM O~MMa Llpxse.

CIIl!lCM ~PKB€HMX oraua HMCy HenOrpeIIII1Bl1; 'laK ce TBPAJIl Aa C€ y H€KOM OA lbJllX aaxase craapn xoje ce Mory rrpel1CnMTI1BaTl1 y cserxy rryaohe ~pKB€HOr TIpeAalba. MebyTI1M, Y3€TI1 xao lIeAI1Ha, cnnca CB€Tl1X OTaua, KOjJll no-rrtsajy na 6M6AMjCKl1M 11 AI1Typrl1jcKJIlM reMetol1Ma Xpl1IIInaHCKe sepe 11 >KI1BOTa, I1Majy B€AI1KI1 aYTopMT€T Y Flpasocxaenoj LlPKBI1 11 npexcrarveajy 6l1THe 113BOpe Y ofipaaxaraisy lIpKB€HOr y'lelba.

Cnucn H€KI1X OA o raua KOjl1 cy y>KI1BaAI1 OITIIITe OA06paBalb€ 11 noxsaxy l.(PKB€ Kp03 B€KOBe OA noce6- HOf cy ana-raja, xao aa npuxtep, CBeTI1T€lDa - Hrnarnja AHTI10Xl1jCKOf, VIpl1Heja AI10HCKOr, Araxacnja AAeKCaHAl1jcKOr, BaCI1Al1ja BeAI1KOr, Iparopnja HMCl1jCKDr, Ipnropnja Borocxosa, TOBaHa 3AaroycTor, Kl1pMAa AAeKCaHAPl1jcKor, Kl1pl1Aa [epycaxnwcxor, MaKcMMa VlcnoBeAHMKa, JOBaHa AaMaCKI1Ha, <1>oTMja llaparpaxcxor 11 Ipnropaja ITaAaMe; a OA rrOABI1>KHMIII)!('lKMX 11 AYXOBHI1X oraua Ty cy: CBeTI1TelDl1 AHTMoxI1je EfJIlITaTCKM, Maxapnje Erl1naTCKI1, JOBaH AeCTBM'lHI1K, Hcax Cnpnjau, Je<jJpeM Cnpniau, CMMeoH HOBM Borocxon 11 ApyrM.

IToH€KaA HaM je Te!lIKO Aa pa3YM€MO TeKCTOB€ LlPKBeHI1X oraua jep cy lbl1XOBl1 np06AeMl1 'leCTO 61111.11 KOMITAI1KOBaHI1, a lbJ1XOB aaxna nucan,a je no CTMAY BeOMa pa3'AM'lI1T OA HaIIIef. Y3 TO, nehnua nOABJIl>KHM'l-

24

KI1X 11 AYXOBHMX cnnca crau-sena je y MaHaCTl1pCKI1 OKBI1P, ITa C€ Mopajy npeM€CTI1TI1 y APYfJll KOHTeKcr Aa 611 nOCraAI1 pa3yMtoMBI1 M OA KOPI1CTI1 HaMa KOjl1 HI1CMO MOHaCl111 MOHaXl1lb€. Ba>KHO j€ QI1TaTI1 CBeTOora-nee crnice nerrocpesno, y 0pl1fl1HaAY I1AM y OAAI1QHOM rrpesoay, '{OBeK YO rpeoa Aa 'lMHI1 ITOAaKO, MaAOITOMaAO, C na>KlbOM 11 paavereaaisera, 11 6e3 AOHoIIIelba 3aKlDY'laKa 6p30 J1 OAaKO - na l1eYM Ha'lMH icao !lITO 611 -nrrao 0116Al1jy. Mehy CBeTI1M OU;I1Ma, cnncn CBeTI1Temal )OBaHa 3AaTOYCTor cy BpAO jaCHI1 11 HelIOCpeAHI1, a aKO I1X 'lOBeK rrpO'll1Ta ca oxroaapajyhoa na)!(lbOM AYXOBHa KOPI1CT j€ BeAI1Ka. Ty je M Ao6pOTOtoy6toe2, airroxornja AYXOBHI1X T€KCTOBa, xoja ys AY>KHy na)J(lbY MO)!(e rtoxiohn 3peAOM xpl1IIInaHMHY rrpn CTMl.IalbY AY- 6toer YBI1Aa y AYXOBHI1 )J(I1BOT (BI1AeTI1 IV Klbl1ry 0 AYXOBHOCTM).

Ceenrreea - Ha:U1B caernree,a rrpl-{naA<I CBeTl'lM apxajepejawa L\PECB€. Ao6pOTOit.y6ltle - KOA Hac je npeeeneno G1.NIO ACAl1Ml1cIHO. (OpHM. npea.l

25

Y'I€lbe L(pKBe ce ncno.eaaa y )l(MBOTY MCT>1HCJ(MX nepmrrca - CB€TMX. CBeTM cy, AOCAOBHO, OHM KOjM CYA€Ayjy Y CBeTOCTM DO)l(MjOj. Byoume ceemu, jep cau ja ceemu. (AeBI1TCKa 11: 14; 1. TIT 1: 16) )!(MBOTM CBeTI1X cseaose 0 sepoxocrojaocrn I1I1CTI1HI1TOCTM XPI1- urhancxor esaxbe.va, npaBe saxore DO)l(Mje CBeTOCTM It>YAMMa.

Y L(pKBM nocroje pa3He rpyne CB€TMX. Ilopez, CBeTMX oraua HapO'lMTO CAaBlt>eHMX 360r IbMXOBor y'lefha, nocrojc pa3AM'IMTM CBeTM It>YAM y 0AHoey aa nocefine BMAOBe IbMXOBe CBeTOCTI1.

Taxo nocroie anOCTOAI1 n03BaHM Aa nponoeexajy xprnnhancxy Bepy;

eBaHl)eAJIlCTI1 KOjl1 cy je rrocetino o6jaBl1Al1 aarmcasuix eBaH!)elt>a;

npopolll1 aenocpezoro HaAaxHYTI1 Aa It>YAMMa rOBO-

pe Pex OO)l(l1jy.

IIocroje I1I1CnOBeAHl1l1M KOjH Tpne sa Bepy, M MYQeHl1l1M KOjl1 aa Iby yMl1py.

llocroie M rrpenoaofian - CBeTI1Telt>H Me!)y MOHaCI1Ma H MOHaXl1lbaMa, a

npaBeAHl1l1l1 Me!)y CB€TOIJRMM It>YAI1Ma. Illraannre, 60rocAYlKfieHe KIbMre MMajy noccrina asaiea sa CBeTe 113 peaona CBelllTeHCTBa (cBeTI1Telt>M), xao 11 rtocefina asau.a sa CBeTe BAaAaOlle (cneun). IToCTOjl111 He0611'IHa BpCTa jYPOAI1BI1X (rj, AYAI1X) XPI1- CTa paAI1. To cy OHI1 KOjl1 cy, no'rrryrro aanesrapyjyhtr crsapx xojc It>YAI1 cxiarpajy HeOrrXOAHl1M - oAel'ly, xpaHY, nonau, AOM, APYJJlTBeHI1 yrAeA I1TA. - 611AM Y CTalby Aa 6ecJ(oMnpOMI1CHO CBeAO'le xpnmhancxo enan!)elt>e 0 Llapcrsy Hetiecxon. CBOj Ha311B Y3eAH cy M3 pexexaua arrOCTOAa ITaBAa: Mu syou Xpucma paou ... (1. Kop 4: 10; 3: lS)

Y npaBOCAaBHOM npeAalbY rrocroje '1I1TaBe Klbl1re )l(I1BOTOnI1Ca CBeTI1X (r], )l(I1Tl1ja CBeTl1x). OHe ce MOry BeOMa ycnelllHo KOPI1CTI1TI1 y OTKpl1BalbY aaaxaja xpnurhaactce Bepe 11 )l(I1BOTa. Y OBI1M )l(I1Tl1jaMa cy BpAO jacao M3AOlKeHa xpmuhancxa rAeAI111ITa 0 Eory, '10BeKY 11 CBeTY. C 063MPOM aa TO Aa cy OBe KlbMre

26

aanncaae y jeAHoM BpeM€HY CaCBI1M pa3AI1'1I1TOM OA nauier, HeonXOAHO je 'll1TaTI1 MX rraJKlt>I1BO Aa 611 ce pa3AMKOBaAa 6l1THa MeCTa OA HeBalKHI1X, a nOH€KaA 11 HaKMneHI1X MaJJlTOM, xoja ce '1eCTO uaxase Y lbl1Ma. Y cpeAlbeM BeKY, aa npnraep, 6MAO je yo611'1ajeHo 06- AI1KOBaTH lKl1Tl1ja CBeTI1X rro yrAeAY Ha Klbl1)1(eBHa AeAa paxnjnx BpeMeHa 11 '1aK npl1nOBeAaTI1 )l(I1BOTe Mau-e rr03HaTI1X cncraua no yrAeAY na )l(I1BOTe paauiax CBeTI1X MCTe xareropuje. Taxohe, 6MO je 0611'laj Aa ce AOAajy MHOrl1 eAeMeHTI1, HapO'lI1TO HaTnpMpOAHI1 11 'IYAecHI1 AOlKI1Blt>ajl1, Aa 611 c.vynraorur n -urraou« CHa)l(Hl1je npl1XBaTMAI1 lDerOBY A06pOTy 11 I1CTI1HY, 11 Aa 611 ce y lbl1XOBOM )l(I1BOTY nOACTaKAO ortouamaa-e CBeTOOTa'lKI1X BpAI1Ha. Y MHorl1M cAy'lajeBI1Ma 'lYAeCHO ce AOAaje Aa 611 ce HarAaCI1Aa eTI1'lKa BpeAHocT 11 HeBMHOCT cserrrre.va HacrrpaM lberOBI1X npOTI1BHMKa.

YrAaBHoM, Hl1je cyBI111Ie TeIDKO y lKl1BOTI1Ma CBeTI1X pa3AI1KOBaTl1 3ApaBO 3pHO I1Crl1He OA AOAaTaKa HaCTaAI1X y AYXY n06mKHocTI1 M rroxera AOljHl1jl1X nepnoz,a, aAI1 rpetia ce rroTpYAI1TI1 Aa 611 ce OTKPI1- xa CYllITI1HCKa I1CTI1Ha CaAP)KaHa y TI1M )l(MTMjaMa. Ho '1l1lbeHl1lja Aa cy €AeMeHTI1 'IYAeCHor AOAaBaHI1 y cpeAlbeM BeKY )l(MTl1jl1lVia CBeTI1X - paAM MopaAHe noYKe, aafiane I1AM nax Y)l(l1Balba - He Tpe6a Aa AOBeAe ,1,0 3aKmY'lKa Aa cy CBe aarrrpupoane CTBapl1 Y )l(I1TI1- jl1Ma CBeTI1X 113MI1JJllt>eHe y Klbl1lKeBHe I1AI1 MOpaA113aTopCKe CBpxe. C APyre crpaxe, rra)l(lt>l1BI1M 'lI1TalbeM, rOTOBO YBeK he ce OTKpl1TI1 OHO IDTO je aYTeHTl1'1HO 11 I1CTI1HI1TO Y lIaPCTBY 'IYAeCHor; a I1crrpaBHO je Ml1ll1lt>elbe Aa It>YAH Mory rOTOBO I1CTO Aa Hay'le 0 CTBapHOM aaa-rcn.y xpmuhaacrna 113 rrpMnOBeAaHa 0 CBeTI1Ma HaCTaAI1X y OKBI1PY lIpKBeHOr npeAalba, KOAMKO 11 113 lbl1XOBOr aYTeHTI1'lHOr lIpKBeHOr )l(I1BOTa.

27

KaHOHI1

Tlocroje KaHOHCKa npannxa SaCeloeHCKI1X caoopa, nOKpajl1HcKI1X 11 rrOMeCHI1X catiopa M rrojeAI1Hl1x l\PKBeHI1X OTa1.\a, xoja je uexa DpaBOCAaBHa upxsa rrpl1- XBaTI1Aa xao ofipacue 11 Ha'leAa xpinuhancxor Y'lel-ba 11 npaKce. Pe-r KaHOH 3Ha'll1 AOCAOBHO npaSMAO, MAI1 noprsa I1AI1 MeparrpocyljI1Baif>a. Y TOM CMI1CAYKaHOHCKa npasuxa HI1CY 3aKOHI1 y npaSHOM CMI1CAY 11 He MOry ce rrOI1CTOBeTI1TI1 ca 3aKOHMMa aa Ha'lI1H aa KO)11 ce OHI1 cxaarajy 11 cnpoaone y CYACTBY.

KaHoHI1L1pKB€ A€Ae ce najnpe aa OH€ KOjl1 cy AorMaTCKe npl1pOA€ (113AalKY Y'lel-be) 11 na OHe KOjl1 cy npaxrusaor, crn-ncor MAH ycrpojcruenor xapaxrepa. AaIDe, OHI1 ce A€Ae na OH€ KOjM ce Mory rrpMMeHI1TI1 MAI1 rrperrpaSI1TI1 11 Ha OHe KOjl1 cy HerrpOMeHIDJ1SI1 11 He Mory ce npenpaaearn HI1 nOA KOjl1M YCAoBI1Ma.

AorMaTcKH K3HOHI1 cy OHe AecpHHI1L\l1je AOHeceHe ira Ca60pl1Ma koje ronope 0 HeKOM 'lAaHY xpmuhaaCKe sepe - na rrpl1Mep, 0 rrpl1pOAI1 11 AI1'lHOCTI111cyca XpI1CTa. 11aKo T3KBI1 KaHOHI1 Mory Aa ce ofiiaunsanajy 11 paapahyjy HOBI1M 11 APyra'll1jl1M pe'lI1Ma - HapO'lI1TO KaKO l\pKBeHO npee.a-se paCTe 11 Kpeh€ ce Kp03 spexse - if>I1XOBO CYIIlTI1HCKO aaa-rcise ocraje Be'fHO 11 nerrpoMeHIoI1BO.

11 HeKI1 KaHOHI1 MopaAHor KapaKTepa cnaaajy Y OHe KOjl1 ce He Mory MefuaTl1. J-bI1XOBO axa-ren.e jc anCOAYTHO H Be'fHO, rra ce if>I1XOBO xpnreise HI1 aa KOj11 Ha'fHH He MOlKe rrpaaaaru. Ha rrpl1Mep, KaHOHI1 KOj11 aafipaisyjy aanxahaaaa,e cae-ror npxxeiuha rrpl1naAajy osoj apcru.

Ilopez, OBI1X, 11Ma KaHOHa CaCSI1M npaxrnxne npHpone, KOjl1 ce Mory MelhaTH 11 KOjl1 cy ce, y cTBapH, Mel-baMI TOKOM :>KJ1BOTa Ilpxae. J1Ma J1 OHJ1X KOjJ1 ce Mory rrpOMeHJ1TI1, aAJ1 cy OCTaAJ1 na CHa3J1 nourro je Ilpxsa 113pa3J1Aa :>KeloY Aa J1X 3aAp>Kl1. Flpmaep sa OBO je KaHOH KOjVl 3aXTeBa Aa ce CBeWTeHI1K pYKorrOAO>KJ1 TeK nOWTO je HarrYH110 Tpl1AeCeT rOAJ1Ha. Morxo 611 ce pehn Aa, HaKO OBa spcra KaHOHa ocraje HopMaTHBaa 11 nocraa.ea J13BeCTaH Y30paK KOjH, TeOpeTCKI1, jour YBeK MO>Ke Aa 6YAe Ba>KaH, no'rpefie Ilpxne AOBeAe cy

28

AO n-erouor xpuien,a Y CTsapHOM lKI1BOTy. KaHOH KOjVl HaAalKe Aa enJ1CKOrrl1 6YAY HeO>KelbeHJ1 je AOl\Hl1jer AaTYMa.

HJ1je YBeK jacno KOjH KaHOHJ1 H3palKaBajy CYIIlTI1HCKa oriexexqa xpmuhancxor >KJ1BOTa a KOjJ1 He. DJ1AO je rrepJ10Aa KaAa je AOAa3J1AO AO pacnpn 0 KaHOHJ1Ma y norxeay if>J1XOBe npJ1Meif>I1BOCTJ1 y AaTl1M BpeMeHJ1- Ma 11 YCAOBJ1Ma.

MeljYTI1M, OBe 'll1l-beHJ1L\e He 6J1 Tpe6aAO Aa AOBeAY 'fAaHOBe Llpxne AO 3a6YHe l1AI1 AO HCKyweHa rra Aa CBe KaHOHe cxeno cnposoz,e ca nOAjeAHaKJ1M »capora VI YBalKaBalheM, HA11 Aa I1X CBe oxfiaue xao 6e3Ha'lajHe 11 6e3CaAP)KajHe. Ha rrpBOM MeCTY, ImHOHl1 cy lIPKBeHH, J1 crora ce He Mary cXBaTaTI1 jeAHocTaBHO xao "rr03J1TJ1BHJ13aKOHvr" y npaenora CMJ1CAY; APyro, KaHOHI1 CBaKaKO He noxpnsajy CBe Moryhe slIAose Bepe 11 )KI1BOTa y LlpKBH; rpehe, KaHOHI1 cy y uajsehoj Mepl1 HaCTaAI1 xao oaronop aa HeKO nocefiao AorMaTCKO IIAII MopaAHo nnraise I1AJ1 J130rra'leHOCT y l\pKBeHOM )KI1S0TY, TaKO Aa 06H'lHO aoce otiexeacje nexe noxeMI1Ke y IICTOPl1jJ1 xoja je YCAOB11Aa He caxio if>J1XOBY cjJopMyAaL\Hjy, seh 11 CaM lhHXOB HaCTaHaK.

Y3eTa cava aa ee6e, KaHOHCKa npannxa llpxse MOry 113a3BaTJ1 ocehaj npoxraurenocra J1 cxrern,e, J1 CTOra he rrOBpWHI1 mYAH pehn "I1AI1 I1X CBe cnpOBOAI1Te l1AJ1 HX cne oA6allJ1Te". AAI1 ysern xao L\eAJ1Ha, y OKBI1- py uexoxynxocru npasocxaunor :>KJ1BOTa TeOAOWKII, I1CTOPHjCKJ1, 11 AyxOBHO - OSJ1 KaHOHJ1 A0611jajy csoje rtpaso MeCTO J1 HaMeHY, l1 noxasyjy ce xao 60raT Vl3BOP sa OTKpI1Baif>e >KI1Be I1CTI1He DO>Kl1je y LlpKBI1. DpJ1 pa3MaTpalbY KaHOHa Llpxne Kloy'lHI1 'lI1HI10l\J1 cy xpnurhaacxo 3Halhe 11 MYAPOCT KOjl1 npOIICTlI'lY 113 CTpY'fHOr npov-raaaisa 11 AYXOBHe Ay6HHe. Heraa Apyror "Kloy'fa" sa lbWXOSY rrpl1MeHy; a CBaKJ1 ApyrH Ha'lI1H 611, npexra npanocxasaoj Bepl1, 6J10 aenpaaoCAaBaH J1 HexpJ1whaHCKJ1.

29

IJ,pKBeHa YMeTHOCT

ITpaBOC1\aBHa upxna MMa 60raTY TpaAMlIMjy MKOHOrnrcaa.a xao M APyrl1x lIpKBeHi1X YMeTHOCTM: MY3YlKe, apxarexrype, CKy1\llType, nesa, neCHI1111TBa, I1TA, OBa YMeTHWIKa TpaAl1l1l1ja 3aCHI1Ba ce aa npaBOC1\aBHOM Xpl1111naHCKOM y'lelby 0 IbYACKOM CTBapa1\aIlITBYYTeMeIbeHOM y Boxcijoj Iby6aBI1 sa -roaerca 11 CBeT KOjl1 je y CTa1\HOM pasaojy,

ITOIliTO je 'lOBeK CTBopeH no 061\I1'ljy i1 nOAo6Mjy DO)Kl1jeM, nonrro je Eor T01\UKO 3aB01\eO xosexa Yl CBeT xoje je CTBOPUO, Aa MX je cnacao 11 npOC1\aB110 CBO}HM BAaCTI1TMM ~01\aCKOM - A01\aCKOM Xpl1CTa 11 Ayxa Cserora - 'lOBeKOB YMeTHI1'iKl1 M3pa3, a 61\aroAaT 11 aaAaxHyhe EOlKMje cranajy ce y n060)KHoM YMeTHM'lKOM CTBapaAaIlITBY, xoje MCTI1HCKl1 113pa)KaBa HajAy6lbe MCTUHe Xpl111InaHCKOf Bl1!)elba Dora, 'lOBeKa 11 rtpnpoAe.

Haisehe YMeTHl1'-lKo AocTl1rHyne ITPaBOC1\aBroa je I1KOHa, OHa je 06jaBlbl1Balbe esanhex.a, AOKTPI1HaAHO nOAyqaBalbe 11 AYXOBHO HaAaXHyhe M3pa)KeHO upre)KOM 11 60jaMa,

TpaAI'Il~MOHa1\Ha upanocxaana I1KOHa Hl1je CBeTa C1\I1Ka - TO Hl1je C1\MKOBHl1 npmcas aexor xpnurhaucxor CBeTI1Teroa 111\11 "npeC1\l1KaBaibe" nexor Aora!)aja. To je, uanpcrns, uapas Be'IHe M 60lKaHCI<e CTBapHOCTl1, ananaja 11 cspxe oAa6paHe 1\H'IHOCTI1 111\11 Aora!)aja, Y 6AarOAaTHoj C1\060AI1 60lKaHCKor HaAaxayha, caxpscaj l1KOHe je npeacranzsea TaKO Aa je y I1CTO spexre 11 'lOBe'laHCKI1, a MnaK "HcnYibeH EorOM", seMaroCKI1, a nnax He6eCKl1, cjJM3H'lKM, a l1rraK AYXOBaH, KPCTOHocaH, a nyH 61\arOAaTI1, CBeT1\OCTl1, Ml1pa M paAOCTM. Ha ra] Ha'll1H l1KOHa nspaacasa HeKY AY- 6A>Y "CTBapHOCT" OA OHe xoja 611 6111\a upaxaaana ira jeAHocTaBHoj penpoayxuaju cjJM311'lKOr I1SrAeAa xexe ncropnjcxe 1\l1'lHOCTM 111\11 Aora!)aja, TaKO cy aa ce611 cnojcrnen Ha'lMH pa31\l1'll1Tl1 TJ1nOBl1 npaBOC1\aBHl1X l1KOHa, Kp03 CBOj 06AI1K, CTI1A 11 Ha'lMH npaxaaaaarsa, xao 11 Kp03 CBOj KOHKpeTHI1 caAPlKaj 11 vnorpedy y l.(PKBI1, aencupnau 113BOP orxpnsea.a npasocxaanor Y'lelba 11 aepe.

30

w

__ ii~:

10 ,~>~

/""" I'

/.-0!i'i: I

~{ I n I

,'. : A

r~'\:,~~i::', ' .i~l! ,

, ';·;'It.;.,-,,,,j

:\ :/i , ,-.r l~"-""'U.o"-

; --:;~'~C-'F"~-- I

/- \ ',1

f / ,:/l/ 1 \ ..

I1KOHI1 rperia AOAaTI1 11 lIpKBeHY MySJ1Ky xao 113pa3 11113BOP npaBOC1\3BHOr XpJ111InaHCKor rrorxeaa ua CBeT. Ty, Me!)YTl1M, rrocrojs BeAJ1Ke noreurxohe 3aTO lilTO ce nOC1\eAlbI1X rOAI1Ha H3ry6H1\0 AHTYPfl1jCKO ].I AYXOBHO saa-reiee MY3HKe Y l.(PKBI1, Kao IlITO je lIOHOBO OTKpMBeHO 60rOC1\OBCKO 3Ha'lelbe TpaAJ111110HaAHe npaBOCAaBHe I1KOHe, OTKpI1B€H je 11 TpaAJ1l(110HaJIHJ1 AOKTpI1HaAHI1 3Ha'laj npaBOCAaBHe MY3I1Ke, A1\11 y OBOM APyrOM C1\y'lajy npouec je MHoro cnopnjn, MHorO TelKl1l1 MHOro Malhe O'lJ1f1\€AaH npoce-inoxr 'lOBeKY.

11 TpaAMlII10H3AHa npasocxanna apxMTeKTypa 113- pancana ysen.e UpKBe, norOTOBO y CBOM MCTl1l1albY Aa Je Iocnoo ca naua (Me. 8: 10) 11 Aa je nornyuo 3ajeAHMLIlTBO roYAl1l1 CBeTa ca Eorosr - KpOS Xpl1CTa, Kopmrrherse csoaa ca KynoAoM, 061\J1KOB8lb€, xao 11 ynyrpannse ypcherse upxsene srpaae, nOCTaBA>alh€ I1KOH8, ynorpe- 6a 60rOC1\YlK6eHe oAene, I1TA, - CBe je TO OApa3 y'Ieib8 Ilpxse, TpaAl1l1l1OHa1\Ha npaBOC1\8BHa upxseaa apxn'rex rypa 11 YMeTHl1'lKa A€1\a cy .l1Spa3M npanocxasuor xpmnhancxor yqeiba 0 crsapaa-y, cnaceibY 11 Be'lHOM JKI1BOTy.

3a Xpl111InaHe je BeOMa BalKHO CTl1118lbe AyxOBHOr I1CKYCTBa KP03IIpOY'laBalbe CBeTI1X .l1KOHa If yqelbe 60- roC1\)'lK6eHJ1X rrccava. '-IoBel< MOJKe MHoro Aa Hayql1 0 Eory VI lberoBl1M 6AarOAaTHI1M AeAJ1Ma Me!)y A>YAI1Ma YCPAHI1M 11 MOAHTBeHI1M pa3MI111IA>aibeM 0 YMeTHJ1'lKOM M3pa)!(aBalbY upxnexor )"lelba 11 lKl1BOTa no y'lelhy Llpxse (Bl1AeTl1 II Klbl1ry 0 60rOC1\YlKelbY),

31

II

CMMBOJI BEPE

Hnxej CKO- ua pnrpaztcrcn Cl1MBOJI nepe

Hnxejcxo Bjepyjy rpefiaxo 611 Ha3BaTH Hnxeicxouapnrpae.cxa«, rrOWTO je 3BaHl1'lHO ycaojeuo ua rrpBOM BaCeit>eHCKOM caoopy Y HI1KejH (325. r.) l1 Ha APYroM BaCetoeHCKOM cariopy y Llapnrpaay (381. r.).

Pes njepyjy je crapocxoeeacxa 11 3Ha'll1 nepyjew, Y Flpanocxamroj l\pKBl1 Cl1MBOA sepe ce 0611'lHO na- 3Hsa Bjepyjy, IIITO AOCAOSHO 3Ha'll1 cac raa 11 napa)f(aBalbe, I1AH ncnoaeaarse sepe.

Ypanoj L{pKBI16I1AO je MHoro pa3Al1'll1TI1X ncnoneAalba ncpc. OBa BepOI1CnOSeAaJ-ba y rro-re'ncy cy yseK npl1Melbl1BaHa y Be311 ca «pmreisexr. Oc06a xoja ce KpillTaBaAa MopaAa je npe KpWT€lba Aa HaBeAe y WTa sepy]e. Hajpannje Xpl1WnaHCKo Bjepyjy aeposarno je 611AO jeAHocTaBHo ncnoaeaaiee sepe Aa je Hcyc XPl1- CTOC, r], Mecuja, 11 Aa je XPMCTOC Iocnoa, JaBHMM I1cnOBeAalbeM onor neponarsa ocofia ce KpwTasua y Xpncra, YMl1pynJ.1 J.1 sacxpcaaajyhn C i-bI1M Y Hosu )KJ.1BOT Llapcrna Boxorjer y I1Me alia J.1 Cl1Ha l1 Cne rora Ayxa.

TOKOM npextena I' pa3AJ.1'lJ.1TMM MeCTI1Ma nOCTaAO je anure CMMBOAa Bepe, HO CBI1 cy I1CnOBeAaAI1 I1CTOseTHI' nepy, MaAa 1'3 ynorpefiy P33AI1'!I1TI1X 06AI1Ka J.1 uspaaa, ca pa3Al1'lJ.1TJ.1M CTeneHOM aatxaurana+ea 11 rrojeAI1HOCTI1. Ose BepOI1CrrOBeAHe cpopMyAe 0611'!HO cy 6l1Ae AeTatoHl1je l1 paapahcnuje I' OHHM CpeAI1HaMa I' Kojl1Ma ce rrOCTaBiUaAO BI1Ille rnrraa-a 0 Bepl1 11 rAe cy ce paaanjaxe jepecn.

Y 4. BeKY y xpnurhaacray je AOillAO AO BeAl1Ke pacrrpe 0 npMpoAM CMHa Iioxcjer y CBeTOM rrHCMY Haasauor jow 11 Pe-r l1AI1 Aoroe. HeKl1 cy rOBOpl1AI1 Aa je CI1H DOJKjl1 6Hne xoje je, xao l1 cea APyra, CTBOPl10 DOr. Apyn[ cy TBPAI1AI1 Aa je CI1H DOII<I1jl1 nc-raa, 60- JKaHCKI1l1 HeCTBopeH. Maorn cy ce cafiopu cacrnjax« 113Hocet1J.1 pa3AJ.1'lHTe CTaBOBe 0 npl1pOAI1 Cl1Ha Eoxcjer. Crrop je oecneo y 'll1TaBOM xpmuhancxo» cae ry, KOHa'lHO je 3aKtoy'!aK cafiopa, KOJI1 je 325. roAMHe caasao nap KOHCTaHTI1H y HMKejl1. npnxnahcn OA crpa-

34

He Flpasocxasae lIPKBe xao Ball<enl1 CHMBOA Bepe. Osaj catiop je naaaan rrpBl1M BaCeit>eHCKI1M catiopov, l1 eBO KaKO raj Cl1MBOA Bepe rAaCH:

Bepyjevr y jeAHora nora Oua, Cseapaorre.sa, TBoPlIa netia 11 3eMme 1-1 caer a BI-IAmMBOr M HeBMAit>I-IBOr.

11 Y jeAHora [OCrrOAa Mcyca XpMCTa, CMHa Boacjer, JeAMHOpOAHor, poheaor OA Oua rrpe CBMX BeKOBa, CBeTAOCT OA CBeTAoeTM, nora MCTMHMTor OA nora MCTMHHTor, pohenor, He c'raopeuor, jeAHHOCYlliTHor Ouy, xpoa xora je CBe nOCTaAO; KOjM je paAM Hac toYAM M paAM naurera cnacerea cmnao C nefieca, 11 OBanAOTMO ce OA Ayxa Cae rora M Mapnje AjeBe H ITOCTaO qOBeK;

Itl KOjM je pacner 3a Hac Y BpeMe TIoHTMja TIMAa'ra 11 crpaaao M norpefieu:

Itl KOjM je aacxpcao Y TpehM AaH, ITO TII1CMY;

Itl KOjH ce ysneo ua nefieca M ceAM ca AecHe crpane alia;

Itl KOjH he one'r AohH ea CAaBOM Aa CYAH )l{MBMMa 11 MpTBMMa; Hreroaora ~apCTBY nehe 6MTM xpaja.

Ilocxe pacrrpe 0 CJ.IHY .5oll<jeM Pe'!l1 Eoxcrjo] - a WTO je CYWTl1HCKJ.1 nosesaao - tracrao je crrop 0 AYxy CseTOM. Cxes eha AecpMHMIIl1ja llapnrpaxcxor ca6opa 113 381. rOAMHe, noanaror xao APyrM BaCetoeHCKI1 ca6op, AOAara je HHKejcKoM ncnoaeaaisy:

(Bepyjesi) Itl Y Ayxa Caerora, Iocnos,a, )l(MBOrnopnora, KOjM OA Oua MCXOAI1, KOjH ce ca Oueer M CMHOM 3ajeAHo nourryje H aajeano CAaBH, KOjM je roaopno Kp03 npopOKe.

Y jeAHY, cBeTY, ca60pHY M anocroxcxv Llpxay. ItlcrroBeAaM jeAHo xpurreree aa orrryurraree rpeXOBa.

4eKaM sacxpcerse MpTBHX.

Itl )l{MBOT 6YAynera aexa. AMMH.

Osaj nOTrrYHI1 CMMBOA sepe 6e3YCAOBHO je ycaojnAa uexa L{pKBa. Yncrpctieana ce xao jasuo 11 3BaHM'lHO npl1XBaTalbe l1 npnaaanarse MCITOBeAaJ-ba nepe OA

35

crpane Ml,-\a (11"'11 n.eronor KYMa) na KpU1TeI±>Y. Ynorpeo.vasa ce 11 xao ianno ncnoacaau.c Ilpaae nepe OA crpaue nenpanocxaauor Xpl1WhaHI1Ha KOjl1 upe",a311 Y npaaocxaaay l\pKBeHY 3ajeAHI1,-\y. MCTo TaKO, Biepyjy je nocraxo Aeo JKI1BOra npaBOCAaBHI1X xpnuihana J!l CYlllTI1HCKI1 e",eMeHT 130)KaHcTBeHe An r yprnje Ilpaaocxasae upxse Kp03 KOjy CBaKO "'11,-\e iaano ofinaex.a csoje xpurrerse 11 npnnaxnocr L(PKBI1. Taxo je CJ1MBO'" sepe jeAI1HI1 Aeo Aur yprnje (11 y ApyrOM 06"'I1Ky nonaa.sa ce nenocpez no upeA CBeTo Ilpu-reurhe), KOjl1 ce rOSopl1 y rrpBOM "'11,-\y jeAHI1He "ja aepyiers" CBe APyre rrecsre 11 MO"'I1TBe 113 Airryprnje cy y MHQ)!(I1HI1 J!l rrO'Il1lDY ca "MI1". CaMO VIcrrOBeAalbe Bepe no-nnse ca "ja". To je, xao WTO heMOBI1AeTM, 3aTO llITO je sepa rrpBO "'11'lHa, na TeK OHAa CTBap rpyrre M sepyjyhe 3ajeAHI1l..\e.

DMTI1 rrpaBOCAaBHI1 xpuuihaimn 3Ha'll1 I1CrrOBeAaTI1 rrpanocxanuy xpnurhancxy Bepy - He caxro pe-nrva, Hero 11 y CylllTI1HI1 3Ha'lelba Hincejcxo-uapurpaacxor CI1MBOA3 sepe. To 3H3'l11 I1crrOBeA3TI1 CBe lllTO ra Bepa YKtoy"yje 11 CBe lllTO je HenocpeAHO 113 I±>e npousaWAO 11 na I±>oj narpabeno y ncropirjn Ilpaaocxannc l..\pKBe Kp03 CBe BeKOBe, AO A3Ha AaHalll!ber.

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Bepa

Bepyjex

Bepa je TeMeto xpmuhancxor )Kl1soTa.To je OCHOBna spAMHa Aspaaxra, rrpaol\a VI3paMtoa M xpmuhaaCKe L(pKBe. 11 noeeposa Aspaai« E02Y, a OH My npUMU rna y npatioy. (Flocran,c 15: 6)

Xpl1CTOC nornrrse CBOjy nporronea I1CTHM rr03HSOM na sepy.

Aof}e 11cyc y TaAuAejy nponoeeoajyhu esanhes.e o Llapcmey EOJlfUjeM. 112013openu: Hcnynu ce epeMe U npU6"'UJliU ce Llapcmeo Boscje; notcajme ce U eepyjme y esauhes-e. (Maprco 1: 14 15)

LIr1TaBor caor OB03eMatoCKor )KMSOTa XPMCTOC je n03MBao aa Bepy; Ha Bepy y Hiera, Bepy y Bora - I±>erosor Oua, Bepy y eBaHl.)eme, Bepy y Llapcrao Boxqe. OCHOSHI1 YCAOB xpaurhaacxor )K0BOTa je Bepa, jep ca BepOM AOAa3M HaAa y 1'oy6aB, 11 CBaKO A06po AeAO 11 CBaKI1 Ao6ap Aap M CMAa Cae rora Ayxa. To je y'Ielhe XPI1CT3, arrOCTOAa M L\pKBe. Y CBeToM rrl1cMY Bepa je H3saHpeAHo AecjJHHI1CaHa xao OCHOB ceeea «euy ce HaoaMo, nomepoa cm13apu HeBuD.llJuBUX (JeB 11: 1).

Y OCHOSI1 nocroje ABa BVlAa Bepe; MorAO 611 ce, 'IaK, peha ABa anasen,a nepe. Ilpno je nepa "y" HeKOra MAM HelI1TO, nepa xao rrpM3HaBal±>e TI1X AI1'iHOCrH BAI1 CTBapM 33 rrpaBe, I1CTI1HCKe, CTBapHe M speane: na npnuep, nepa y 130ra, y Xpncra, y CseTY Tpoju'-1y, y L\PKBY. Apyro je Bepa y CMHCAY nonepersa VlAM OCAOH,-\a. Y TOM CMI1CAY, aa npnsrcp, 'lOBeK Helle caMO BepOSaTI1 y Bora y lberoBo nocrojan,e, Ao6pOTY H HCTI1HMTOCT, Hero he ~epOBaTI1 130ry, n.eronoj peQM, Y3AaTI1 ce Y n.croso npMcycTBO, OCAOHJ1TI1 ce qBPCTO H nOY3AaHO na lberosa ofiehassn. 3a xpiuuhane cy o6e spcre nepe aeonxoane.

Y oxpcbcac CTBapM qOBeK Mopa noseposarx YMOM, cpuev 11 AYlllOM, a OHAa ca IbMMa )KI1BeTM no 3aKOHI1- Ma CBaKOAHeBHor )KMBOT3.

Bepa ie noxexae, y cynporuocru ca pa3YMoM, a BepOBalhe ca 3HalbeM. ITpeMa rrpaBocAaBHoM yqelbY,

37

Bepa M pa3yM, BepOBaFhe M aaatse, 3aMCTa jecy ABe pa3AWIMTe CTBapl1. MenYTI1M, OHe YBeK MAY 3ajeAHo 11 HMKaAa ce He Mory cyrrpoTcTaBI1Tl1 jeAHa APyroj HMTI1 OABOjl1TI1 jeAHa OA APyre.

Ha rrpBOM MeCTY, 'WBeK He Mo)!(e Aa nepy]e xeneMY, a Aa TO seh Ha HeKI1 Ha'lMH He nosua]e. 'loBeK, CBaKaKO, He MO)!(e Aa nepyje OHOMe 0 'leMy HMWTa He 3Ha (yrropeaaru: PI1M 10: 14). Apyro, OHO '1eMY'loBeK aepyje M y WTa I1Ma nosepeu.a Mopa 6MTI1 paaywao. Kaaa 6M ce OA I-bera TpalKl1AO Aa nonepyje y 60lKaHcKY rrpMpoAY KpaBe I1A11 Aa caoje rrosepeise Aa APBeHoM MAOAY, 'lOBeK 6M oA6l10 aa OCHOBY rora WTO je TaKO HeWTO Hepa3YMHo. Taxo, sepa xropa MMaTl1 csoje pa3- xore, Mopa 6,L'1TM narpahexa aa 3 HaFhY - HMKaAa He CMe 611Tl1 cxena. Tpehe, 11 caxto snaa,e '1eCTO je uarpabeuo na nepn. -Ionex He MOlKe CTehM 3Hal-be npeKO arrCOAYTnor CKenTl1UI13Ma. AKO ce yonwTe HeWTO 3Ha, TO je 3aTO WTO nocroja nanecna Bepa y '10BeKOBe caaaaiae MoryhHocTM, npaso sepoaan,e Aa ce npeaxrerrr casnau.a CTBapHO "rroKa3yjy" M Aa Hac yM l1 '1yAa He 06MaI-byjy. Taxobe, M y OAHOCY na CKOPO CBe rrucaue pe'll1, nocefiao OHe xoje ce oAHoce na J1CTOPl1jy, '1I1TaAau; ce rr03118a na '1I1H sepc. OH Mopa BepOBaTM Aa rnrcau roBOpl1 MCTI1HY; 11, 360r rora, Mopa I1MaTI1 M3BeCHO 3Ha!be 11 M3BeCHe pasxore aa AaBa!be caor noscpeisa.

BpAO '1eCTO TeK KaAa '10BeKAa csoje rrOBepe!be 113aMCTa nonepyje y HeWTO, cnocoriaa je, raxopehn, Aa "I1Ae Aaroe" 11 Aa KOHa'iHO CTl1rHe AO casiocaexan,a 11 pa3yMeBaJ-ba CTBapl1 xoje HMKaAa rrpe Hl1je cXBaTl1o.11cTI1Ha je Aa aexe CTBapl1 YBeK ocrajy aaMarlPeHe 11 6eCMI1CAeHe OCI1M aKO ce He nocuarpajy y cBeTAOCTI1 sepe xoja 'raAa npyxca Ha'I11H 06jawlbeJ:ha 11 cxsaraa,a 1b11XOBOr nocrojaisa 11 3Ha'IeJ-ba. Taxo, aa rrpl1Mep, <peHOMeH crpaAaJ-ba 11 CMpTI1 pa3AWll1TO he CXBaTI1TI1 onaj KO nepyie y XpI1CTa, OA oaora KO sepyje y nexoj APyroj peAl1rl1jl1 I1AI1 <pI1AOCO<pl1jl1, I1AI1 yonurre He nepyje.

Bepa je YBeK AM'IHa. CBaKI1 '10SeK Mopa Aa sepy]e sa ce6e. HI1KO He MOJKe 8epOBaTI1 sa APyrora. MHOro IoYAH MOlKe BepOBaTI1 y I1CTY crnap 360r IbI1XOBOr jeAHaKor 3HaJ-ba, passuuu.oan.a, MCKYCTBa 11 ysepersa. MOlKe uocrojarn sajeAHM~a sepe H jeAI1HcTsO sepe. AAl1 OBa 3ajeAHI1l1a M jeAI1HCTSO aepe HeonxOAHO no'1l1lby 11 noxasajy aa I1cnOBeAaJ-bY AM'-IHe Bepe.

38

360r 'rora CMMBOA Bepe y TIpaBOCAaBHoj lIPKBI1 He caxro ua KpWTeJ-bY 11 6orOCAY)K6eHI1M 06peAI1Ma npxcrynarsa L(PKBI1, Hero 11 aajeAHI1'1KI1M MOAI1T8aMa 11 ira Cseroj AI1TYPrl1jl1 ~ no-nra,e YBeK y npnoxr Al1l1Y:

BepyjeM. AKO MI1 MOlKeMO Aa ce MOAHMO, Aa AajeMO npnxore, Aa neCMOM Bora npocxau.sasro, Aa 6Aarocl1- lPaMO, paAyjeMo ce, 11 npeaajexro ce6e 11 jeAHI1 APyre bory y L\PKSI1, M xao L\PKBY - TO je caxro 3aTO !lITO CBaKO OA Hac MOlKe Aa xaxce '1aCHO, I1CKpeHO 11 ca MOAI1TBeHI1M yaepersesr: Iocnohe, ja l3epyjeM ... AOAajyhl1, xao !lITO rpefia, pe'-ll1 onora sonexa 113 EBaHl)eloa: Iocnooe, nOM03U MOMe nesepjy. (Mapxo 9: 24)

Aa 611 naura aepa 611Aa I1CTI1HCKa, MopaMO je cnpoBOA 11TH y csaKOAHeBHOM )!(MBOTY - MopaMO ce noxaWaTI1 no cnojoj aepn 11 nOTSpnl1BaTI1 je A06pOTOM 11 CI1AOM BO>KjOM rcoja AeAyje y aaurcv )!(HBOTy. To He 3Ha'll1 Aa rpetia Aa "CTaBlPaMO Bora na npofiy" paz,etlU Hepa3YMHe HAM HenOTpe6He CTBapM caxro Aa 611- CMO SI1AeAI1 Aa Al1 he Bor Y'IeCTBOBaTI1 y aaruoj AYAOCTI1; seh TO SHa'-ll1 Aa, aKO )KMBl1MO no sepl1 rpaacehn npaBeAHOCT, MOlKeMO nOKa3aTM xa AeAY Aa je Bor ca HaMa (He, 8: lO), Aa Hac BOAl1 M noxiaace HaM y CBaKOM norAeAY-

Iep Aa 611 Bepa pacxa 11 ja-raxa, Mopa ce cnpOBOAI1- TI1 y AeAO. CBaKH 'lOBeK rpefia Aa >KMBI1 no MepH Bepe xojy MMa, Ma KaKO MaAa, cAa6awHa M necaspureua OHa 611Aa. TIocTynalbeM rro cnojoj scpu, no BeposaFhY y Bora M noysAaJ-beM y EO>KHje rrpMcYCTBO, a ys Bo.xjy nosroh, MHore CTBapl1 xoje 'WBeK paunje Hl1je Morao A3 3aMI1CAI1 nocrajy Moryhe.

39

Bor

Y jezraor-a Bora Oua, Csenpsorre.n.a OCHOBI-la sepa xpinuhancxe WpKBe je Bepa y jeAHora, MCTMHMTor, )I<MBOr Dora,

'Iy}, J13paUJby: Iocnoo Boz uatu je [eounu Iocnoit. 3amo /by6u Iocnooa Boea ctsojeea U3 ceeea cpua csojeza U U3 eBe oyUle ceoie U U3 eBe cnaee cooje. J1 nexa mu one pe-ns xoje mu ja sanoeeoase Danae 6yoy y cpuy mBOM, J1 «ecmo UX nanouusou CUHoBUMa CBOjUM, U ZOBOPU 0 teuua KaO ceouui y xyhu ceojo] U Kao uoeiu nymeu, Kao sesceuc U Kao ycmaietu. (5, Mojc, 6: 4-8)

OBe pe'lM M3 Moicnicsor 3aKoHa (Tloaos.eea» :3<1- KOHM) aaseo je XPMCTOC xao rrpBy M najaehy aanoBeCT (Mapico 12: 29). OHe CMAe nOCAe nafipajan.a Aecer Boxqux Sauosecr a xoje nO'lMIbY peqMMa: ]a cas:

Iocnoo Boe mao} ... uesso] uscamu opyeux tioeosa OCUM scene. (5. Moje. 5: 6-7)

TeAMHI1 Iocnoe, M Eor V13paMroeB OTKPl10 je qOB€KY TajHY caor MMeH3.

A Mojcuje pene: ", .. aKO MU pexny: ,KaKO My je UMe?' lllma ny UM xasamu?"

A Tacnoo peue Mojeujy: ,,fA CAM OHA] KO/M /ECAM': M peue: .Taxo new «asamu CUHOBUMa M3paUJbe13UM: "KO]M ]ECAM, OH Me nOCAa K saua. .. u J1 onem pe-te 1502 Mojcujy: "OBaKo «ascu cuHOBUMa M3pau/beI3UM: Tocnoo Boe omaua natuux, Eoz ABpaMOB, 1502." (2, Mojc. 3: 13-15)

Boxqc MMe je jAXBE UITO ynpaso 3Ha'iM [A CAlVI OHAj KOjVl TECAM MAM jA CAM OHO WTO jECAM HAM jA CAM OHO WTO l1E EVlTVI MAH jeAHOCTaBHO jECAM, OH je HCTMHCKM M )l(HBM Bor, jeAMHM Eor. OH je nepan CBOMe HapoAY (B, 5. Mole. 32: 4). OH MM OTKpl1Ba CBOjy 60)l(aH(I(Y M cBeTY PCq, OH 11M AapMBa csoj 60)](aHCKM 11 CBeTI1 Ayx. OH je AAoHaj:

Iocnox: a Iheroso CBeTO VlMe TAXEE ,'.'YAM HI1KaA He

40

naroeapajv jep je TO caermsa xoja YAMBa crpaxonourroaaise. CaMO ce npBOCBeWTeHM]( ycyhnaao, cawo jeAaHnYT rOAMWlbe, M cavio y CB€'faIhH HaA CBeTI1lbaMa Y Iepycaxmrcxoxr xpaxry, Aa M3rOBopM 60)l(aHCKO MM€ Iaxse. Y CBHM APyrMM npHAI1I(aMa jaXB€ ce OCAOBroaBao xao cnesroryhn Iocnox, CBeBMwlbH Bor, xao Iocnoz, Bor Caaaor (Iocnoz, HaA aojcicaua).

Ilpeva CBeTOM nMCMY 11 AO)l(MBloajy CB€TMTeloa Crapor 11 HOBor aasera, jAXBE je anCOAYTHO CBeTH. To y npaaoxs CMMCAY 3HaqW Aa je OH ancoAYTHO pa3- AM'IMT 11 APyraqMjI1 OA eBI1X M OA csera WTO nocrojn (CBeTI13HaqH nOTlIYHO oABojeH, pa3AI1'1MT, APYrw).

DpeM3 6J16AHjcKo-npaBOCAaBHOM npeaaiey, perm MaKap TO Aa EoI' IIOCTOjH 3HaqM MCKa3aTM Aa je OH TaKO jeAMHcTBeH M TaKO caspurea Aa ce lherOBO nocrojaa.e He MO)l(e ynopeAMTI1 HM ca jeAHMM APyrMM 6HheM. Y TOM CMMCAY EoI' je H3HaA rrocrojaa-a MAI1 H3HaA 6l1na, TaKO 611, npesra npasocxasaox Y"leIbY, 6MAO BpAO HeCMOTpeHO pehn Aa Bor jecre xao UITO 11 CBe Apyro jec're I1AM Aa je EoI' jeAHocTasHo "BPXOBHO 6l1he" y HM3Y 6Mha KaO urro je M cae Apyro.

Y I1CTOM CMI1CAY, npexta npasocxaaaosr Y'leIbY, 11 Eoxcje jeAMHcTBO MAI1 jeAHoTa mtje TeK eKBMBaAeHT MaTeMaTWIKor MAI1 CPMAococpcKor 1I0jMa 0 "jeAHoM"; HHTM cy iseros )l(MBOT, A06pOTa, MYAPOCT, u cae MOhM 11 BpAHHe npHnMCaH€ lbeMY - caao e](BI1BaA€HTM 6MAO xaxne I1Aeje, xax 11 najsehe I1Aeje xojy qOBeK MO»ce MMaTM 0 raxsoj CTBapHocTM,

Mel)ynfM, YK33aBlllM na onaCHOCT oil, nperepanor n03MTI1BHCTM'IKOr nojva I1AM MAeje Dora, Tlpanocxanua LlpKBa na OCHOBY )l(l1Bor MCKycTBa Bora Kp03 CB€Tl1Tero€ I1naK 113HOCI1 cAeAehe rspheiee:

3a Bora C€ CBaK3KO MO)l(e pehn Aa nocrojn caupiucHO H aIlcoAYTHO xao onaj KOjM je CaBpW€HMI1 ancoAYTHH )l(MBOT, A06poTa, I1CTHHa, ",y6aB, MYAPOCT, sua-se, jeAMHMToCT, '1MCTOTa, paz.ocr: caspurexcrno 11 HaAcaBpweHcTBo csera WTO '10BeK 3Ha xao CBeTO, I1CTI1HMTO H A06po. To je ynpaBo oaaj EoI' KOjM ce ncnoaez,a Y Airryprnj» caeror losaua 3AaTOYCTor KaO ... Boe, ueonucue, HenojM;,,,uB, HeBUOJbU13, HeCXBamJbU13, YBeK nocmoiehu U eeuuo ucmu.

To je onaj Bor, Iaxse VlSpal1roeB, sa xojer je Iocnoz, Ii1cyc XPHCTOC TBPAHO Aa je Iberon OTaLl- Bor CBeAP-

41

JKI1T€J'o n03HaT je xao O'rau npeKO cnor CI1Ha Hcyca XpWCTa: XPWCTOC je HaY'-lI10 'IOB€Ka Aa CB€APJKWT€J'oa Bora Casaora 30Be WM€HOM Oua, Ilpe Xpl1CTa H}1I(O ce Hl1je YCYAHO Aa C€ Eory o6paTI1 ca npWCHI1M I1M€HOM Oua, XPI1CTOC j€ p€KaO Mosume ce OBaKa: O'fe Ham xoju CU na neiiecuua ...

Iocnoz, XPWCTOC je vrorao Ha3BaTI1 Bora O,-\eM, jep je OH jeAwHopoAHH (jeAwHopol)eHI1) CI1H EOJKl1jl1. XPMIllnaHI1 Mory Bora 3BaTM Ouera, jep Kp03 Xpl1CTa npMMajy Cseror Ayxa M caMM nocrajy CMHOBM EOlKjl1

A xaoa oohe nyuoha epestena, nOCAa E02 CUHa csojeza, KOjU ce poou 00 scene, «oia 6u noo 3aKOHOM. Aa ucxynu one xoju cy noit 3aKOIIOM, oa npuMUMO YCUIIOBJbelbe (UAU, oa ceu MOJIfeMO nocmamu CUHOBU). A notumo eme eUHOBU, nocna E02 Ayxa CUHa ctiojeea y cpua tsatua; KOjU tsuue: ABa, (mj.) Oee.

Taxo IIUCU aULUe poii, He20 CUll; axo AU CU CUH, U liaCAeOIlUK cu (Llapcmea Boxcuiee).

(Iax 4: 47; Anocrox, 'rj. A€O nOCAaHI1l\e auocroAa Flasaa, KOjl1 ce <!Ina aa Eoxorluroj AMTyprHjH)

TaKO HH jeA3rt 'WBeK HVije no npHpOAI1 CHH 1300KHjH Vi rtH jeAaH 'IOBeK He MOJKe AaKO Ha3BaTI1 Bora Oner«. MO)!(eMO TO Aa y"lHHl1MO j€AI1HO Kp03 XpMCTa 11 Aap CB€TOra Ayxa. 3aTO ce y npaaocxasnoi Cseroj AJ;lTyprJiljl1 MOAI1MO;

YiJocmoj uac, Bxaoames.y, oa CMeAO U «eocyheno CMeMO npusueamu Te6e lIe6eCK02a E02a Oua U Z080- pumu: O'1e uata, KOjU cu «a netiecuua ...

Carxeaasaiyhn OTKpI1Befb€ Bora Ol.\a y )!(MBOTY n.eroaor aapoz,a y Crapoxt 3aBeTY 11 y )!(HBOTY Llpxsc y HOSOM 3aBeTY, "'YAH Mory Aa CXBaTe nexa EO)l(l1ja csojcraa, Ilpe cnera, jacao C€ MOlK€ carxeaar» Aa j€ Eor il:>y6aB 11 A3 Y CBeMY fb€rOBOM A€AOBalDY y CB€TY 14 npexia CBeTY, 13m Orau H3paJKaBa CBOjy rrpJilpoAY xao J'oy6aB Kp03 Xpl1CTa H CB€TOra Ayxa.

BOJbeHU, Jby6UMO jennu hpyee; jep je Jby6aB 00 Boea, U CBaKU KOjU Jby6u 00 Boea je pohes, U nosnaje E02a. Koje lie Jby6u He nosuaoe Boea, jep je E02.1by6aB.

42

Y moue ce noxaisyje Jby6aB Boscuja npeMa teaMa LUmo je Boz Cuua csoieea Ieounopoanoea noCAao y ceem oa JlfUBUMO IbUMe. Y moue je /'by6as, He tumo MU aaBO.lleCMO E02a, 1Ie20 tame 011 3asoAe uac, u nOCAa CUHa ctsoea; «ao »cpmey nOMupen.a sa epexe natue ...

J1 MU CMO n0311aAU u nosepoeasu Jby6aB «ojy E02 UMa npema uaua. E02 je Jby6a8, u KOjU npebuBa y Jby6aBu, y Boey npetiuea U E02 je y teeny.

(1. JOB 4: 7-16)

43

... iby6aB ce Iioucuja U3AUAa y cpua nauia Ay-

XOM Cl3emUM KOjU je bam «asca. (PYIM 5: 5)

Eor, 6YAynYl Asyfias YI Haw He6eCK11 Orau, 'IYlH11 CBe aa )K11BOT VI cnaceise 'IOBeKa 11 CBeTa. OH TO 'IYlHI1 aaro WTO je M11AOCTVlB, AyroTpnell>I1B, caocehajan, BOl'oaH Aa '10BeKY OrrpOCTI1 11 paapeW11 ra rpeXOBa, KaKO 611 '10BeK Morao Aa Y!Ma YAeAa (y-recrsyje) Y}!CJ1BOTY I1 II>y6aBI1 Boxcioj. OBa 6AarOAaTHa csojcrsa EO)Kl1ja rrOMl1IhY ce y ncaAMY KOjY! ce y U;PKBI1 06WIHO nena aa rto-ie'rxy Boxcancxe AVlTYPfl1je.

Bsaeocus.a], oyuso uoja, Iocnooa (. .. ) U He satiopan.ea] nujeauoea ootipa ucmo mu je yuuuuo. On mu npatuma CBe epexe U UCl100yje CBe 60Aecmu meoje. MUAocmUB je u ootiap Iocnoo, cnop na 2fVeB u eeoraa 6Aa2! (TIcaAM 103)

44

Crnaparse

Tuopua nefia " 3eMlbe

TIpaBOCAaBHa npxsa aepyje Aa je Eor Orau TBopan aefia M 3eMroe 11 cnera BI1Arol1BOr M HeBMArol1- nor.

CTBOP11TI1 3Ha'lY! Ha'lVlHYlTI1 HVI Y!3 -rera, y'lVlHI1TI1 Aa nocrojx OHO WTO pamrje Hl1je nocrojaxo: 11AM, Aa jour jeAHoM HaBeAeMO AYlTyprl1jy cseror JOB ana 31\8- r'oycror: npeBeemu U3 uetiuha y 6uhe.

ITpaBOCAaBHO y'lelhe 0 craaparsy je: Eor je CBe WTO nocrojn npeBeo 113 He611na Y 6l1ne. E116Al1jCKYI OI1V1C crsapaa,a yrAaBHoM je AaT y rtpsoxi norAaBII>Y Klhlolre IIOCTalha. CYllITMHcKa T8'1Ka Y'lelf>a 0 crsapaIhy je Aa je caM Bor HecTBopeH M sexaa. CBe WTO 110- CTOjl1 OCVlM Bora, CTBOPl10 je OH caxr, AA11 Bor H11je CBe CTBOP110 11OjeA11Ha'iHo HYlTl1 CBe oAjeAHoM. CTBOPl10 je npBo TeM€loe nocrojan,a a OHAa, xs TI1X 'resteII> a , TOl<OM speraena MO)KAa (Kp03 MVlAI10He rOAVlHa BMAeTYI ITcaAaM 90: 4 11 2. TIT 3: 8) CHarOM xoiy je OH Aao HaCTaAa cy 11 APyra EO)l(I1ja crnopersa:

Hexa nycmtc 3eMA>a U3 ce6e mpaey, 6uA>e, tumo nocu eeMe, U opeo pOGIiO, xoje paha no CBojUM BPcmaMa ...

Hexa spee no soitu JI(uBe oyiue ... Hexa 3eMA>a nycmu U3 ce6e oyiue J/fUBe no spcmaua IbUXOBUM... (Tlocraa-e 1: 11,20,24).

Taxo, l1aKO je Eor rnopau csera, OH AejcTByje rroCTeneHO y BpeMeHY nocpeACTBOM OHI1X CTBapM xoje je Ben CTBOP110 YI Kojl1Ma je Aao )l(I1BOT - cTBapaAa'lKe MonVl 11 crroc06HoCTI1.

ITpeMal1paBOCAaBHOMY.leIbY. CBe WTO je Bor CTBOPYlO BeOMa je ootipo: neocca, 3eMII>a, 6HII>Ke, )l(Haorna,e 11 Haj3aA caM '10BeK (Tlocraa.e 1: 31). Bor je saAOBOloaH cTBopeHMM, a CTBOPMO je CBeT casto 113 jeAHor pas.vora, Aa 611 Y'lecTBoBao y Iberososr 6mKaHcKoM, HeTBapHOM Floc-rojau.y YI Aa 6Y1 )l(I1BeO J-berOBI1M 60>KaHCK11M OYXOM »cueoma (Flocraise 1: 30; 2: 7).

45

Peuujy Iocnoiueo»: netieca ee cmeopuuie, U OYXOM yema Hseeoeu»

eBa eojcsa fbUXOBa.

Kao y ZOMUAU ea6pa 800y mopcxy, U oy6uHe MemHY 0 ocmaey.

HeK ce tioju. Iocnooa eBa 3eMA>a, U uexa cmpenu npeo J-bUM

CBe tumo )/{UBU y BaCUOHU;

Iep OH peue, U nocmaoe!

OH sanoeeau, U noxasa ceo

(flcaAM 32: 6-9)

Y OBWM CTI1XOBl1Ma, xao 11 y HaBoAY W3 KlDwre nocran-a (r]. 1. Klbl1re Mojcajeee), MopaMo npl1MeHI1TI1 rrpl1cycTBO 11 AeAOBalhe Pe'II1 BmKl1je 11 Ayxa DOJKI1- jer. Bor Orau cTBapa CBe WTO rtocroja CBOjOM DOJKaHCKOM Pe-ru, M jep OH pe-te 11 nocmnoe, 11 CBOjl1M DO)KaHCI(YiM AYXOM KojM ce inisatue uai) BOOOM (Ilocrarse 1: 2). Ty seh BVlAI1MO narcseurraj CB€Te Tpojuue xoja he ce nOTnYHo OTKpl1TI1 Y HOBOM 3aB€TY, KaAa Pe-r nOCTaA€ TeAO 11 KaAa CBeTVI Ayx AI1'lHO AOAa311 XPI1CTOBVlM Y'IeHl1l111Ma xa AaH Ileaecernaue.

Jlocefnry naJKfuY MopaMo 06paTVlTl1 M na Balt>aHOCT MaTepMjaAHor CBeTa (clle 006po tieu« eeoua, TlocraIDe I: 31). Y npasocxnnnou xpmuhancrsy H€Ma AyaAVl3Ma. H€Ma Y'lelDa no KojeM je AYX A06ap, a MaTeprrja xoura, HVlTVI Aa j€ He60 A06po, a 3eMffia 3Aa. Bor BOAI1 CBOjy lIeAoKynHY MaTepI1jaAHY TBopeBI1HY CBOM CBojOM It>y6aBIt>y VI, xao WTO neMo BVlAeTI1, xas,a ce Ta MaTepVljaAHa TBOpeBI1Ha yHI1IllTI1 rpexoM, OH 'lI1Hl1 cae IllTO je y Hserosoj Monw Aa je crrace.

BOAenl1 'll1TaBY CBOjy A06py TBOpeBl1HY, Bor Orau 0611TaBa y cBeTY KOjVl je CTBOPl10 360r csoje A06pOTe M It>y6aBw npeMa 'lOBeKY. Boxcnja cBYAanpl1cYTHOCT je jeAHo OA 60lKaHcKMxcBojCTasa TBoPlIa, nocefino narxaiuexo y npaBocAaBHoM xpaurhaacrey. OBa 'l11H>eHI111a HapO'lI1TO ce 113pl1'le y MOAI1TBI1 CBeToM Ayxy KOjOM rro-uase 60rOCAYJKeH>e y Ilpaeocxaenoj lIPKBI1:

Ilape He6ecKH, YTenIHTeA>Y, Aywe JiIcTHHe, KOjH CH cBYAa 1'1 CBe ncrryx-aaaur, Pl13HHIJ;O A06apa H AaBao'le )f(I1BOTa, A0I)H W yceAI1 ce y Hac 11 0'11'1- CTI'I Hac OA CBaKe He'IHCTOTe 1'1 cnacn, IiAarl'l (rj. A06p(1), Aywe name.

46

JiI TO WTO ce xpnnrhann MOAe: Oxe Haw, KOjl1 CI1 ua He6Y ... (VIAI1 AOCAOBHO na He6ecl1Ma) jeCT€ 11 noTBPAa 'il1fueHl1l1e Aa je Bor npl1CYTaH CBYAa, jep 611AO KYAa Aa 'lOBeK KpeH€ 3eM.It>OM, MOP€M I1AI1 Ba3AYXOM - OKPYlKyjy ra He6eca VI DO)f(l1je npncycrno. Aa 6111t>yAI1 CXnaTVlAI1 Aa I1CTI1THI1TI1 Eor OTal1 Hwje, xao naraaCKI1 60rOBI1, aesan sa HeKO ozpeheno MeCTO, Iocrroz, Hcyc XPI1CTOC I1X y'll1 M ce MOAe 011Y na ueoecuua. Iep je jeAaH I1CTI1HI1TI1 }KI1BI1 Bor npl1CYTaH y CBeMY w HaA CBl1M je, otiyxearajyha 11 oKpyJKyjynl1 CBe caojosr He6eCKOM 6pMroM 11 3aWTI1TOM. Bor xoja je Hao CBUM je TaKOQe Kp03 CBe U y CBeMY (E¢ 1: 10,23).

Taxo VI anOCTOA Ilanxe 06jaBIt>yje ATl1fuaHI1Ma Aa, CXBaTMAW TO A"YAVlI1AI1 He, y J-beMY JlfUIJUMO U xpeheuo ce, U jecseo, jep On uuje oascro nu. 00 jebnoea 00 Hac. (A an 17: 27, 28) 0 BOlKwjeM CBYAanpl1cyCTBy y IberoBO) TBopeBVIHW, [II uaurext conCTBeHOM npl1cycTBy KOA Ibera 11 y !-beMY, TaKO xeno CBeAO'l11 flcaAaM 139:

Kyiia 6ux omuiuao 00 oyxa meojeea, U 00 »uua msojeea KyO 6ux ymexao? Aa usahei« ua He60, mu CU ouoje.

Aa cuhei« y natcao, ouo« cu.

Aa ce OUZHeM ua KpUAUMa 00 sope, U npecesusi ce ua xpaj mopa;

U oui)« ne Me pvtca msoja eooumu, U op)/{amu Me oecuuu« meoja.

Aa pexneu: «era Me upa« caxpuje;

U csemsocm OKO wene uexa 6yoe noh; Hu MpaK uuie upasa« metiu,

HOn je ceem.sa «ao oaH;

jep upa« je «ao csemsocm ca T060Mi

(Ilcaxax, 139: 7 12).

47

H cner a BHAJbHBOr H HeBHAJbHBor Ilopez, sHAIDMBe MaTepl1jaAHe TBOpeSHHe, rrocrojn 11 HeBI1AIDMBH cner KOjM je Eor CTBOP"0. Y El16AHjH ce nOHeKaA naaana aefieca, a HeKaA ce 0 If>eMY rOBOp" xao 0 cseTYH3HaA netieca. Kaxas rOA Aa je CMMBOAl1qKH omrc os ora CBeTa Y Cnerou rrI1CMY, OH CMrypHO He npHrraAa ¢H3HqKOM, MaTepMjaAHoM CBeMl1py. OH He nOCTojM y npocropy: HeM a ¢H3H4KMX AHMeH3Hja. Y TOM CMHCAY He MOlKe 6HTH xounpaa, M HeMa HeKO MeeTO na rco]e 6M ce MorAO AoeneTM nyrosau.e« Kp03 raxaxcnje y rrpoCTopHa, OApeAIDI1Sa, MeCTa ¢113H'iKl1 crnopeuor csexrnpa.

Mel)YTMM, TO IllTO je HeSI1AIDI1BI1 CTBopeHM CSeT QHCTO AyxosaH, M He MOlKe ce OTKpMTM na nexoj Marur CTBopeHMX MaTepMjaAHI1X npocropa, He QI1HI1 ra nnntra Malf>e CTBapHHM HAI1 MaH>e MCTI1HCKHjHM. HeBHAIDHsa TSOpeBI1Ha rrocrojn xao pa3AHQHTa OA CTBOpeHor MaTepHjaAHor CBeMHpa 11, HapaBHO, nOTnYHO pa3AHQJ>!Ta OA xecraopeaor, caCBMM 60lKaHCKor nocrojaisa Hecraopenor Bora.

HeBMAIDl1Ba craopexa CTsapHOCT cacrojn ce OA MHolliTBa 6eCTeAeCHMX CI1Aa, YfAaBHOM 11 AOHeKAe HeTaQHO Ha3BaHl1X aubexx.

AHQeAI1 (IllTO AOCAOBHO 3Haql1 I"AaCHI1LjI1) cy, crporo rosopehu, caxro jeAaH QI1H AYXOBHMX HAl1 6ecTeAeCHI1X CI1Aa HesHAIDHBOf CBeTa.

Ilpexa npaBOCAasHOM npeAalf>Y, nocroja AeseT 'I11- HOBa 6€CT€A€CHHX CMAa I1Al1 BOjCKl1 (CaBaOT 3Ha'{H BoieI<€ HAl1 XOpOBI1 I1AI1 'HIHOBI1). Ilocroje aHQeAI1, apXaHQeAI1, Ha'IaACTSa, SAaCTI1, CI1Ae, rocnoxcrsa, npeCTOAI1, xepysMMM H Cepa¢I1MI1. OBM rroCAeAlbH onacann cy xao OHl1 KOjM CTaAHO ofioxcasajy M CAaS€ Bora KAl1l.1albeM xoje HerrpeKMAHO OAj€Kyje: Cnemul Ceemu! Cnemul (Mc 6: 3; OTK 4: 8) OHM 4l1HOBl1 Vl3 CpeAI1He HaBeAeHOf Hl13a (Ha'IaACTBa, BAaCTM, CHAe ... ) MaAO cy rr03HaTl1 mYAMMa, AOK ce aHl)eAl1 M apxanheAI1 BI1Ae xao aKTI1BHI1 paAHl1l.1l1, paTHMl.IH 11 rAaCHl1l.1l1 [axnea y Be3V1 ca CTBapl1Ma xoje ce OAHoce na osaj CBeT. Taxo ce aHl)eAH M apxanhex« BI1Ae y 60p611 npo-

48

TJ.1B AyxoBHor 3A3, 11 xao rrocpexmrua 113Mel)y Bora J1 CBeTa. OHl1 ce y pa3AWll1TMM 06A111.1J.1Ma noxasyjy IDy~ Al1Ma 11 y CTapOM H y HOBOM 3aBeTY, xao 11 y lKl1BOTY L(pKBe. AHl)eAI1 cy TI1 KOjl1 AOHoce CMAY 11 npl1cycTBO EO)Kl1je 11 KOjl1 cy fAaCHJ.1l.1J.1 Hserose pe-nr sa crraceH>e CBeTa. Hainoaaarrrja MeQY aHt)eAJ.1Ma cy Iaapxx (UITO 3Ha'll1 QOBeI< DOlKlIil1), AOHOCI1A811 6Aare aecru o XPI1CTOBOM poheisy (BI1AeTI1: AaHI1AO 8: 16; 9: 21; A.yKa 1: 19,26),11 MI1XaVlA (IllTO 3Ha'l.11 KO je xao Bor), rAaBHM paTHI1K Eoxcje AyxoBHe sojcxe (Bl1AeTI1: AaHl1- AO 11: 13; 12: 1; JYAa 9; OTK 12: 7).

Yonurre, jaBID8lbe fiecrexecaro; CI1Aa mYAl1Ma ornrcyje ce K80 MaTepl1jaAHo ("lllecToKpMAM", "MHorooKI1"; I1AI1 y ,,06AI1KY QOBeKa"). Mel)YTI1M, Mopa 6MTI1 CaCBl1M jacao Aa cy TO caxro CMMBOAI1'lHM onncu. TIo npl1pOAH H rro Ae¢I1HHl.Il1jH, aHQeAH HeMajy rexa HI1- TM 611AO l<aKBa MaTepHjaAHa cnojcraa. To cy crporo AyxoBHa 6l1na.

311M AYXOBH

Ilopez, CTBopeHMX AYXOBHl1X CMAa KOjl1 M3BplllaBajy BOlny EOlKjy, rrocroje, npeMa npaBOCAaBHOM Y'I€lbY, H OHe xoje cy ce n06YHl1Ae npOTI1B Hiera 11 '111He 3AO. To cy AeMOHI1 HAI1 l)aBoAM (IllTO AOCAOBHO 3Ha'Il1 OHM KOjH KHAajy M YHI1111TaBajy), KOjl1 cy n03HaTH 11 y CTapOM My HOBOM 3aBeTY, xao 11 y )l(I1BOTHMa CBeTI1X L(pKBe.

Carana (urro 3Ha'IM uenpnja'rex, I1AI1 cynapnax) je npaBO HMe aa f)aBOA8, BOQY 3AHX AYXOBa. ITpen03Haje ce K80 3MHja y 3. rAaBVI Kn.irre nocraa-a 11 «ao Kyrna'! JOBa 11 XPl1CT8 (ToBaH 1: 6; Maprco 1: 33). XPVlCTOC ra H83HBa BapaAHl.IOM 11 A8)l(OBOM, oues: saucu (ToBaH 8: 44) H KHe30M OIJ02a enema (Iosax 12: 31; 14: 30; 16: 11). OH je nao ca netia, 3ajeAHo ca CBOjVlM 3AMM anheAMMa, Aa ce 60pVl npOTI1B Bora H lberOBI1X cAyry (i\YKa 10: 18; McaHja 14: 12). To je I1CTI1 oaaj Caraaa KOjH je YUlaO y fyay Aa 6M osaj 113AaO XPI1CTa (AYKa 22: 3).

AnOCTOAI1 XPI1CTOBI1 VI CBeTM UpKBe 3HaAI1 cy Vl3 HenocpeAHor acxycraa aa CaTaHI1He CVlAe ynepeue npoTl1B 40BeKa paAVI iseroaor YHVlwTelba. 3HaAl1 cy M aa CaTaHI1HY HeMon VI n.eroao KOHaQHO YHHwTelbe KaA 'WBeK 6YAe C EOfOM, ncrryn.ea CBeTI1M AYXOM XPI1CTOBI1M. Ilpesra rrpaBocAaBHOM Y'I€lbY, He noCTO-

49

jl1 CpeAlbl1 nyT 113Mel)y Dora 11 Caraae. KOHa'IHo, y CBaKOM AaTOM rpcnyrxy, 'lOBeK je I1AI1 ca DorOM, I1AI1 ca l)aBoAoM - CAY)l(11 jeAHoM I1AI1 APyroM.

Ilocxez.n-a nofiez,a npl1naAa Dory 11 OHI1Ma KOjl1 cy y3 lbera. Carana I1 lberOBe sojcxe 611he aa xpaiy xpajena YHI1UlTeHI1. De3 npen03HaBalba osora, 6e3 ca- 3Halba 0 cTBapHOCTI1 KOCMwme AyxoBHe 60p6e (Dora npOTI1B Carane, A06pl1x aahexa npOTI1B 3AI1X anhexa), 'lOBeK ce He MO)l(e l1CTl1HCKI1 Ha3BaTl1 npaBOCAaBHHM xpaurhaxnao» KOjH rpefia Aa )I(YlBI1 y CKAaAY ca HajAy6A>I1M CTBapHOCTYlMa )I(YlBOTa. JOUl jeAHoM ce Mopa jacno Ha3Ha'lYlTI~ Aa haso intje HeKI1 "rOCnOAYlH y I1pBeHOM" Hl1Tl1 611AO KOjl1 Apyrl1 run <jJ11311'lKOr Kyuraxa. OH je npenpeAeHI1, I1HTeAl1reHTHl1 AYX KOjl1 AeAyje yrAaBHoM nYTeM npeBape 11 CKpl1BeHl1X paAlbl1, 'll1ja je xajseha n06eAa KaA 'lOBeK He sepyje y iseroso nocrojan,e M Mon! Taxo, haso nanaxa Al1peKTHO casro OHe xoje He MO)l(e Aa npeaapir Hl1 na KOjl1 Ha'lI1H: XPMCTa H najaehe Met)y CBeTl1Ma. Y CSOM paroaaisy OH je aajxeurhe caCBMM 3aAOBOA>aH aKO OCTaHe npl1Kpl1BeH, 11 aKO AeAyje nOCpeAHYlM MeTOAaMa 11 cpeACTBMMa.

Byitume mpeseenu U tiinone, jep cynapnu« naia, /JaBO, «ao /taB punyhu XOOU U mpaucu «oea oa npoucaepe. (1. n- 5: 8)

06Y4ume ce y CBe opymje Bomje, oa 6ucme ce MOZ/!U oop scamu npomue AYKaBcmBa hasoncxoea. Iep He pamyjeuo npomue KpBU U mesa, neeo npomue noesaeapcmea, U esacmu, U eocnooapa maue oeoea csema, npomue oYXOBa 3A06e y noosetiecjy. (E<jJ 6: 11-12)

so

-Ioaex je nocefiao DO)l(I1je crnoperse. OJ-! je jeAI1J-!11 cmeopen no 06AU'ljy (/!UKY) U noootiujy Boucjes: (noera-se 1: 26). Bor ra je caaz.ao J-Ia «pajy crnapa+sa iiuecmoe oaHa) nocetinov DO)I(jOM BOA>OM. CTBopeH je Aa YAI1Ule oyx )/(UBornHU (lIocran,e 2: 7), Aa n03Ha Dora 11 Aa I1Ma BAaCT HaA CBI1M OHI1X UlTO Eor CTBOPI1.

Hose« je crsopea xao ABonOAaH, uytuxo U )/ceHCKO cmeopu ux (Ilocraise 1: 27; 2: 21), Aa 611 A>YAI1 611AI1 n sohnu U MHO)/(UAU ce (Ilocraise 1: 28). Taxo, npeMa npaBOCAaBHOM Y'lelbY, nOAH OCT upunana TBOpeSI1HM xojy Bor aaasa BpAO 006POM (Ilocraa,e 1: 31), 11 KOja cav a no ce611 mrje HM rpeunia HI1 nsorraxeaa. OHa npnnaxa cavoi npMpOAM uone-rjoj nacraxoj HenocpeAHO no DO)I(l1jOj BOA>H.

Kao CAI1Ka 13o)l(l1ja, 'IOBeK - BAaAap HaA TBopeBMHOM I1 caTBOpal1 ca HeCTBopeHMM TBOPl1eM I1Ma 3aAaTaK Aa "OACAMKaBa" 130ra y TBOpeBI1HYl; Aa y'lI1HI1 Aa ce Hrerono npYlCYCTBO, Hierosa SOA>a I1 lberose CI1Ae Ull1pe CBeMMpOM; Aa rrpeofipaan CBe UlTO nocroja y paj 130)l(l1jl1. Y TOM CMMCAY 'lOSeK je anCOAYTHO CTSOpen aa BI1UlI1 I1MA> OA ouor Kojl1 I1Majy 6eCTeAeCHe He- 6eCKe CI1Ae. OBO YBepelhe noraphyje ce y npaBOCAaBHOM xpMUlhaHCTSY He carao 3aTO UlTO je y CBeTOM nl1CMY narxaureno Aa je 'IOseK CTBopeH no DO)l(l1jeM AI1Ky Aa BAaAa TBOpeBI1HOM, UlTO sa anbexe HMje pexeno, Ben ce TO M AMpeKTHO TBPAI1 nOWTO je 0 I!lcycy XpMCTy KOjM je 3aMcT~ CaBpUleJ-l11 'lOBeK 11 nOCAeAIhM AAaM (1. Kop 15: 45), nanncano Aa ra Boe BUCOKO Y3- ounce U oaposa My MMe «oje je U3Hao ceaxoz UMeHa. Aa ce y UMe Hcycoeo nOKAOHU CBaKO KOAeHO iumo je ua uetiecuua U ua 3eMkU U noo 3eMkOM; U oa CBaKU jesus npusua oa je Tocnoo Meye Xpuemoe na cAaBY Eoea 04a. (<DI1A 2: 9-11)

1!l3 neposaa,a y XpYlCTa CAeAl1 Aa je 'lOBeK cTBopeH aa jeAaH )I(HSOT AaAeKO Y3sHUleHMjl1 OA )I(I1S0Ta CBHX Apyrl1x c'raopersa, xax 11 anbexa KOjl1 CAaBe 130ra H cxyace 'lOSeKOSOM cnaceisy, J;1 ynpaso ce TO YBepelhe I1CTl1'le KaAa Llpxsa n03ApaSA>a Mapajy, XPI1CTOSY MajKY, xao «acnujy 00 xepyeuua U csasuujy ueyno-

S1

peOUBO 00 cepatpuua. [ep OHO lllTO ce CAaBV! xao Ben OCTBapeHO I(OA Mapn]e KaO lnYACl(or 6V!na ynpaBo [e OHO qeMY ce HaAajy H lllTO ce o-retcyje OA CBHX lnYAIil KOjU csytuajy pe'1 EOJl[ujy U opJ!£e je (AyKa 11:28).

OBAe, npeMa npasocxaaaoj BepH, carxeaaaaxro BeAIIII(O AocTojaHcTBo qOBeKa. BHAHMO '-[OBeKa xao aaiBa)KHl1je OA CBI1X EO)KVljl1x cTBopefua, xao onora aa KOra je Eor CTBOPHO cae BMAlnMBO M HeBMAlnMBO. ITo rrpanocxaaaoxt y'-[efuY, ,-[OBeK MO)Ke Aa CXBaTV! 11 npouemr urra 3Ha,-[11 6l11TI1lnYACKO 6l11ne cawo y CB€TAOCTI1 nyHor OTKpl1BeJba VIcyca Xpucra. EYAynl1 EO)KaHcKa Pev 11 CI1H EO)Kl1jl1 Y lnYACKOM TeAY, XPI1CTOC OTKpl1Ba npaBI1 CMI1CaO '-[OBeqaHCKe npnpoz,e. Kao Canpureun '-loBeK VI ITocAeAfulil AAaM, 'IOBeK ca nefia - XPHCTOC HaM Aaje npaBO TYMaq€fue nOBeCTlII 0 CTBapaH>Y Vl3AO)KeHe y Kful1311 nocraisa. J ep, KaKO ie namrcao CBeTI1 anOCTOA ITaBAe, AAaM A0611ja CBOj ana-raj xao CAUKa OH02a KOjU lie oohu, rj. l-lcyca Xpl1CTa (PI1M 5: 14).

TaKO je U uanucano: .Jlpeu ,{DEeK AdaM nocmaoe oyiaa Jl[UBa': a nocseoteu AoaM oyx KOjU OJ/{UBAJyje. AAU uu]e npeo 0YXOBHO, He20 0YUleBHo, nomOM OYXOBHO. Ilpeu '10BeK je 00 3eMke, seMkaH; opyeu «oee« je Iocnoo ea neoa ... J1 Kao iumo HOCUMO CAUKY seu.s.anoea. maxo heuo uocumu u CAUKy netiecxoea. (1. KoplS: 45-49)

ITpeMa npaBocAaBHoM 60rOCAOBlnY, HOOITVI CAI1KY EO)[(l1jy 3Haql1 611TI1 xao XPI1CTOC, HecTBOpeHI1 AMK DO)[(l1jV!, I1MaTM YAeAa y CBI1M AYXOBHI1M cBojcTBI1Ma DO)KaHCKe npl1poAe. TIo peQI1Ma CBeTI1X oraua TO SHa'111, DO)Kl1jOM 6AaroAahy CBe he nOCTaTH OHO llITO je no npl1pOAVI caM Eor. AKO je Bor CA06oAHO, AYXOBHO, Al1qHO Bnhc, OHAa I1lnYACKa 611na - MylllKa 11 )KeHCKa • rpetia Aa cy TO I1CTO. AKO je Eor TOAI1KO MonaH VI c raapaxau KOjM YlMa sxacr HaA 'II1TaBOM TBopeBHHOM, OH' Ad M lnYACKa crnopeu.a, crsopeaa no Iberosol CAI1l\11 11 rrpeMa rneroBoM nOA0611jy rpetia Aa spine BAaCT Y cBeTY. AKo Bor BpllIl1 BAaCT VI ynpaBlna He TVlpaHl1joM 11 YrlbeTaBdJbeM, Hero 6Aarl1M CAY}KeJbeM 11 lny6aBlny, l1eTO rpefia Aa paAe 11 H>eroBa crsopea.a. AKO je caxi Eor "'y6aB, MI1AOCT, YTexa 11 6PI1)KHOCT Y cBeMY, oHAa 11 nerona crnopen.a, Ca3AaHa Aa 6YAY KaO Ou, Mopajy

52

611TI1 TaKBa. VI najaaz; aKO Eor )KI1BI1 saysex Y Be'IHOM )!<HBOTY, He yMHpynH HHKaAa, Ben YBeK nocrojehx y canpineao] paxocnol 11 CKAaAHoj AenOTI1 V! cpehn ca ql1TaBOM TBopeBl1HOM, oHAa cy 11 lnYACKa 611na CTBO' peua sa BeqHI1 )KI1BOT y paz.ocnoj 11 CKAaAHoj sajeAHMlIl1 ca DorOM H l\eAol(ynHoM TBopemmOM.

Ilpexra npaSOCAaBHOM v-reu-y, '-[OBeKOB )K11BOT HVI' KaA Hl1je nOTnYH HI1TI1 AOBpllleH y CBOM paasojy 11 yspaCTaH>Y, jep je CTBopeH no 06AI1'Ijy H nOA0611jy Eo}Kl1jeM. EO)Kl1je nocrojan.e 11 )[(VlBOT cy leIel1Cl\pnHI1 VI 6eSrpaHI1'IIeIVI. EOfKaHc]{H ITpa06pa3 HeMa rpaHI1l\a y CBOMe EO)KaHcTBY, AO xojer qOBeK MO)!{e AOCneTI16Aaroxahy csora Tsopua. CTOra je Eor CTBOPl10 "'YACKY npnpoay Aa yspacra 11 passuja ce v-recr aosan-e» y Eo}Kl1jOj npl1pOAI1 sa CBa spenexa. '{OBeK je C:l'BOpeH Aa saysex nOCTaH€ CBe 60rOAHKl1jH, Aa CTWIe 060)!{eJbe, -rax 11 y L(apCTBy EO)KlIIjeM, na Kpajy onora CBeTa H BpeMCHa, KaA he XPMCTOC orrer AonH y CAaBH Aa BaCKpcue MpTBe 11 Aapyje )KHBOT OHI1Ma KOjl1 [a ",y6e.

TaKO CBeTM oun y'-[e Aa KOAJ.1I(J.1 rOA crenen 3peAoCTJ.1 J.1 pasaoia QOBeK nOCTl1rHe, KOAI1Ka rOA 6MAa Jberosa Mon, MYAPOCT, MHAOCPDe, aaau.e, lny6aB, npea IbI1M H€rrp€KI1AHO nocrojn oecspa] rryxohe )KHBOTa y Flpecae-roj Tpojuun, y KOjOj rpeoa y"ecTBOBaTJ.1 H y Jboj )KVlBeTI1. '{I1JbeHVll.\a Aa ce ,,,YACKa rrpupoz,a se-urToycaBplIlaBa y EiO)Kjoj rrpnpoz,a, Aaje CMI1CaO 'IOBeKOBOM )KJ.1BOTY 11 3aYBeK ocraje Vl3BOP u-erone paAOCTH VI cpehe Kp03 'IHTaBY Be,-[HOCT.

Ha OBOMe MeCTY Mopa ce rrOMeHYTI1 Aa je no XPllll1- t1aHCKOM yqelbY, TO llITO cy lnYAI1 CTBopeHV! xao MyIIlKO VI )!(eIelCKO Al1peKTHa nox.a Boaoija, a TO je 6HTHO aa npann )KI1BOT H AeAaTHOCT qOBeKa xao CAHKe 130- )Kl1je. JeAHOM pcsjy, qOBeKOBa nOAHOCT je HeonxOAHH eAeMeHT y lnYACI(OM nocroian.y 11 )!(HBOTY CTBopeHOM no AJ.1KY EO)Kl1jeM. To He ana-nr Aa nOAHOCT nocroju KOA Bora, aAl13Ha'lVl Aa lnYACl(11 )[(VlBOT Mopa 611TI1 no, AaH • MylllK1111 )f(eHCKI1 • Aa 611 OCTao OHal(aB KaKBI1M fa je caM Iocnoz, Ca'lMHI10 Aa 6YAe.

-lonexa H )KelelY - MylIlKO 11 )KeHCKO - CTBOpl10 je Eor Aa )l(I1Be y sajeAHI1l\11 6V1na, )[(I1BOTa 11 lny6aBI1. '{oBeK rpeoa Aa BOAM y lnYACKHM AeAaTHOCTI1Ma, Aa 6YAe onaj KOjl1 OAp)[(aBa Xpwcra xao HOBor M casputexor AAaMa. )!(eHa 'IOBeKY rpetia Aa 6YAe canymnux,

,53

MajKa CIlUMa Jf[UBUMa (lIocrau,e 2: 18; 3: 20;); CI1MBOAM30BaHa y 0AHOCY EorOpOAI1u;e J1 Llpxae, HOBe EBe, npevia XPI1CTY - HOBoM AAaMY, xao OHa xoja HaAaxieyje qOBeKOB )!(MBOT, ynornya.y]e !heroBo 6VIne 11 VICrrYlhaBa lherOB JKVIBOT. )[(eHa HVIje L[OBeKOBO opyhe, axarxa: OHa je AVIL[HOCT rro CBOMe rrpaBY, CYAeOHVIK BeIKl1je npnpoae, H€OnXOAHa AorrYHa L[OBeKY. He MOJK€ 6l1Tl1 L[OB€Ka 6e3 JKeHe, HeMa AAaMa 6e3 EBe, xao urro He Mo)Ke 6VIT}[ iKeHe 6e3 L[OBeKa. OBO ABoje nocroie 3ajeAHo y caupruenoj 3ajeAHl1U;H H CJ<AaAY paAH nyHohe loYAcKe rrpMpOAe VI JKMBOTa.

Pa3AMJ<e 113Mel)y MylliKapau;a VI JKeHa cy CTBapHe 11 He Mory ce YMalbI1TI1. OHe HI1CY OrpaHI1L[€H€ aa 611- OAO!lIKe H cp113W[Ke pa3AI1Ke. To cy rrpe pa3AI1L[I1TI1 "BI1AOBI1 nocrojan.a" yHyrap jeAHe MCTe IoYAcKe npl1- poz,e: xao urro cy, MOrAI1 6M CMO pehn, CulH M CBeTI1 Ayx pa3Al1Ql1TM "BI1AOBI1 nocroiau.a" y OKBHPY jeAH€ ircre Iioxcaxcxc npnpoae sajenao ca Boroxt Ouev. My!lIKO 11 JKeHCKO rpefia AS 6YAY 11 Y AYXOBHOM 11 Y TEAeCHOM jeAI1HCTBy. OHI1 rpetia Aa sajezno VI3pa)KaBajy - y jeAHoj I1CTOj }oYACKOj rrpl1pOAI1 - CBe BpAI1He 11 MOnl1 cnojcrncne "'YAI1Ma cTBopeHHM rro BOJKl1jeM 06Awljy 11 nOAo611jy. Her-ta BpAI1He HAI1 MOIm xoje 611 rrpl1rraA3Ae MYlliKapu;y, a He 11 JK€HI1; HI1TH OHHX [<Dje 611 rrpl1rraAaAE )!(eHI1, a He H MYlllKap'iY. CBH cy n03BaHH na AYXOBHO caspureucr ao y HCTMH!1 !1 /py6aBI1, AOI1CTa y CBI1M 6mKaHCKl1M BpAHHaMa, xoje je Eor noz,apHO CBOjMM CTBOp€H>I1Ma.

Hcupejarc-.crno M cyrrapHI1111TBO H3Mel)y MylliKapua 11 »ceue, KOjHX HMa y canpevenov CBeTY, He HaCTajy 360r lbl1XOBl1X pa3AML[l1Tl1X "BHAoBa nocrojan.a" KaKBHM I1X je Bor CTBOpHO. OHO nacraje annrc 3aXBaloyjynl1 rpexy. He CMe 6HTH Tl1paHHje My!lIKap'ia HaA JKeHOM, HM yrfueTaBafua HMTM cxene rrocAY!lIHOCTH. l1CTO TaKO, )KeHe He 'rpefia Aa ce yrrMlhy Aa 6YAY xao MylllKap'iH 11 AS iracroje Ail rrpeyszry My!lIKe noxoxcaje. 'Ipefiaxo 6H Aa 6YAe BI1111e cKAaAa HjeAI1HcTBa y OKBHpy 3ajeAHHQKOr rrocrojaa,a ya nourroaaa-e cTBopeHor 1l0peTKa ca rrpMpoAHI1M pa3Al1KilMa. JeAHa npl1pOAa ca pa3HOAl1KO!lIny BI1AoBa nocrojan,a yHyTilp BO)!(aHCTBa TIpecBeTE Tpoinue. J ep y caMOM BO)!(aHcTBY CBe're Tpojnne nocrojn caapuieno jeAMHcTBO rrpHpOA€ M 611na ca CTBapHHM pa3AHKaMa 113Mel)y Oua 11 CHHa

54

M Caerora Ayxa y CMVlCAY Aa CBaKa oA BO)!(aHCKHX AI1QHOCTM )KMBH H M3pa)!(aBa 3ajeAHI1L[KY rrpl1poAY BO)!(l1jy. Y TPOjHQHOCTM nocrojn nopeaax. TIOCTOjH 'WK xnjepapxnia YJ<OAHKO He CMaTpaMO Aa osaj H3- pa3 03HaQaBa HeKY pa3AMKy y rrpHpOAH M3Mel)y Oua H CHHa 11 Cnerora Ayxa, seh caxro HaQI1H na KOjH ce BOJKaHCKe AM'lHOCTH oauoce jeAHa npeva APyroj 11 npexra 'WBeKY 11 CBeT)'. rep, y cavo] Tpoiuun je Or au caM H3BOP nO)KaHCTBa. CHH Vl3pa)l<aBa Oua 11 nOApeben My je. A CBeTH Ayx, jeAHocYlliTaH H no'rnyao jeAHaK ca Ouea 11 CMHOM je Tpena AI1L[HOCT, xoja HCrrYfuaBa BO"'y Oua 11 CMHa. Tpn BO)!(aHCKe AW'IHOCTVI

ss

nOTnYHO cy jeAHaK€. To je L1pKBeHVI AorMaT. AAH OHe HHCy I1CTe, H Me!)y lhHMa je YCKAa!)eH OAHOC y KojeM nOCTojH npeAHOCT y nocrojaisy H A€AOBalhY koja He caeco Aa He pynIM canpiueuocr 11 caBpweHO jeAMHcTBO Boroua-rexa, Hero xax AonYWTa H 'lMHH Aa OHO nOCTaHe caspuieno VI 60)!<aHcKO (BHAI1 III norxas.ve). To je TpojH'IHM )!(I1BOT Bora KOjl1 je BO)!(aHCKH Ilpaofipaa 11 Y30p aa nocrojaise 11 AeAOB3lhe MywKor If )KeHCKor y OKBI1PY noperxa TBOpeBI1He.

56

rpex

Pe-r rpex oatra-rasa npoxrama] L1l1lna, rj. KaA 'lOBeK He yene Aa y'lJ1HI1 OHO WTO rpeoa.

TIpB06HTHO, 'lOBeK je CTBopeH Aa 6YAe xao craapaAa'lI<8 CAHK8 BO)l(Hja, Aa )l(HBH y 3ajeAHHL1J1 ca Borov 60)!(aHCKJ1M )!(J1BOTOM 11 Aa I1Ma BAaCT HaA 'lI1TaBOM TBOpeBI1HoM. 1..[OB€KOB Heycn€X y TOM 3aAal'KY je rserOB rpex KOjl1 ce Ha311Ba 11 naa.

Ilas, 'lOBeKOB 3Ha'll1 Aa xoncx HHje OArOBopHO CBOM OA Bora AaHoM My npH3l1By. To je 3Ha'lelhe 3. rxaae Klhl1re nocran,a. 1..[oB€Ka je 3AO (3MI1J8) HaBeAO Aa noaepy]e Aa MO)l(e 6111'11 «ao E02 CBOjOM COnCTB€HOM BOloOM 11 uanopo«.

Y npaBOCAaBHOM npeAalhY Kywalh€ ca opeema nosnatea oo6pa U 3Aa 06J1'lHO ce TYMa'lJ1 xao 'lOBeKOB CTBapHJ1 oxyuraj 3Aa, n.eroso nOTnYHO J1CJ<YCTBO 3Aa xao raKBOr. TIoHeKaA ce ro I<ywalhe (jeaeise) TyMa'll1 (xao KOA cseror Ipuropn]a BorOCAOBa) 11 K30 'lOBeI(OB noxyuiaj AB ce auire BaH rpaHI1L1a CBOjJ1X MorynHOCTVI; noxyiuaj Aa yqHHVI OHO WTO I1naK HVlje 611AO y HoeroBoj MonH.

Ma KaKO Aa ce pa3AVI'I11TO TYMa'le 110jeAHHocTH nOBeCTYIO Ilocraay, jacno je npaBOCAaBHO Y'lelhe Aa 'lOBeK HHje OAfOBOPl10 CBOM npBo6J1rHOM npH3l1By. Hnje rrocAywao BO)l(Hjy 3anOBeCT 360r roPAOCTH, "'y- 60Mope H HeAocTaTK3 cKpyweHe 3aXBaAHOCTH Bory, nOAA€)]<ynH CaTaHI1HOM Kywalhy. Taxo je 'lOBeK 3rpeW110. "Flpovtaunro je !.IVli'o" csor npVl3V1Ba. Orpeunro ce 0 60)](l1jH 3aKOH (BHAH 1. JOB 3: 4). 11 TaKO je ynponacrno H ce6e 11 TBOpeBI1HY xoja My je 611Aa AaTa Aa je 'Iylla M 06AeAaBa. CBOjHM rpexox -ronex AOBOAH ce6e H L1€AY TBap nOA ynpaBy 3Aa 11 CMpTI1.

Y BH6AHjH H Y npaBOCAaBHOM 60rOCAOBloY CA€A€nH €AeMeHl'l1 YBeK HAY 3ajeAHO: rpex, 3AO, hauo, narlha 11 CMpT. HHKaA HeMa jeAHor 6e3 Apyror, a CBH cy 3ajeAHH'lKH pe3YATaT 40BeKOBe n06YH€ npOTI1B Bora H r yfinrtca 3ajeAHl1l~e ca HJHM. To je npseacraeuo 3Ha'lelhe 3. rxase KHoHre nocra-sa H uorxas.ea xoja CAeAe CBe AO 1l03J1Ba Aapaxry, Ipex sa-ma,e join aehn rpex H jour sene 3AO. OH AOHOCH KOCMJ1'l](J1 HeCKAaA, OHO

57

Kpajlb€ TPYIo€lb€ M CMpT csera, cnaxor WA[,1 csa-rer. '{OBeK M Aalo€ ocraie CTBopeHa CAWKa DmKl1ja - TO ce He MOlKe npOMeHWT[,1 - aAM OH He ycneBa Aa OAP)[(W raj AMK q[,1CTMM W Aa CaqYBa 6mKaHCKO nOA06l1je. OH CKpHaBIA CBOjy loYACKY npnpoxy 3AOM, usona-ry]e je M xnapn, TaKO Aa OHa He Mo)Ke Aa 6YAe qlACTIA oApas DOra KaKaB je rpetiaxo Aa 6YAe. Taxohe 11 CBeT je 11 AaA,e Ao6ap, 3aMCTa, BeOMa ootiap, a"M OH AeAM TY)J(He nocAeAM~e rpexa c rnopenor rocrroxapa [,1 nara ca lbMM Y CMPTHOj aromrj« [,1 TpyloelhY. TaKo, Kp03 qOBeKOB rpex qMTaB CBeT nas,a !lOA B"aCT Carane M "Y 3AY Ae)[(W" (1. JOB 5: 19; BYIAIA 11 PWM 5: 12).

Ilouccr 0 Ilocrarsy je 60)J(aHcKw HaAaxHYT, 01MBOAMqKI1 M3pa)K€H O!lI1C qOBeKOBMX npBOpOAHIAX 11 [,1CKOHCKWX MorynHOCTI1 M rpeIIIaKa. OHa OTKpVIBa Aa ce qOBeKOBa MoryhHocT sa BeqMTO yspaCTalf>€ IA pa3- Bl1jalbe y Eory IlpeTBapa YMecTo rora Y YMHOJKaBalbe IA neroaan.e 3Aa M qOBeKOBO npernapau,e TBOpeBI1H€ y ljaBoloe naper-no, KOCMWqKO rpotix.e xoje Y30uUte u myzyje AOK ra Eor join jeAHoM He crrace (PMM 8:19-23). CBa AAaMoBa AeQa, ri. CBI1 KOjl1 npnnaxajy IoYACKOM POAY, A€Ae OBy TparMqHY cYA6WHY. LIaK 11 OH11 KOjW ce poxe cnor -raca xao CA11Ke DO)J(wje Y cBeTY CYIIIT11HCK11 A06pOM, oAMax ey 6aqeHl1 y cxiphy orpaairsca« cBeMwp, KOjl1M BAaAa haso 11 KOjl1 je wcnYlbeH 3AI1M nAoAoBI1Ma 1l0KOloelba lberOB11X onaK11X cAyry.

OBO je OCHOBHa nopYKa: nOTpe6HO je cnacrn qOBexa M CBeT. Eor otiehana cnacen.e OA cauor I10qeTKa; TO je o6ehalbe xoje nOq11lbe Aa ce MCIlYlbaBa y VlCTOPMjM Kp03 Al1qHOCT Aapaasia, oua 113paMlI>cKor napoz,a, npaoQa XP[,1CTOBOT.

11 peue Iocnoo ABpaMY (o0l1Huje Ha3BaHOM A13paaM): Y'fUHuny 00 me6e Be/1UKU uapoi) ... U y me6u he 6umu 6Aa2ocAoBeHa CBa n.seueua na 3eMA1U. (Ilocrau,c 12: 13; 11 22: 15-18)

Anpaara je B€pOBaO Dory; w OA n.era je 1l0TeKaO naPOA 113paI1IoCICM, a OA lbera, no TeAY, VIcyc XP11CTOC CnaOIT€1o IA Iocnoz, TBopeBI1He'(BMAI1 AYKa 1: 55, 73; PI1M 4; faA 3).

'-IMTaBa ncropnja Crapor aasera HaAa311 csoje MCnYlbelbe Y Xp11CTY. CBe lllTO ce AoroAMAO naatiparroj

S8

AeQ11 Aspaaaosoj AorOAI1AO ce y QMIoY xpajn.er M KOua-nior YHI'llllTelba rpexa 11 CMpTVl OA CTpaHe XpI1CTa. CaB€SM Eora ca ABpaaMOM, J.1caKoM )1 JaKOBOM (q)1je je I1Me npOMelbeHO y 113pal1lo IIITO 3Haql1 onaj xoju ce 60pu ca E020M); ABaHaeCT nxesrena 113paI1IoCKMX; npWIa 0 JOCI1¢y; Ilacxa, Mojcnjes 113Aa3aK 1A3 MI1C11- pa (Ernrrra) 11 np"Malbe DOJK)1j11X 3aKOHa; AOAa3aK J.1eyea HaBl1Ha y 06ehaHY 3eMIoY; OCH)1Bafhe JepycaA11Ma 11 1l0AW3albe Xpaxia OA crpane AaB)1Aa M COAOMOHa; CYAMje; ~apeB11, npopOQ1111 CB€IIITeHI1QM cse y CTap03aBeTHoj I1CTop)1jl1113a6paHor Boxoijer uapoz,a WMa CBOj Kpajlbw l1MIo W sua-re».e y pohcn.y, JKI1BOTY 11 CMPTI1, BaCKpeelbY, Ba3HeC€fhY 11 npOCAaBloelbY jeAI1- nor EO)J(l1jer CWHa - 11eyca Mecnje (r]. XpI1CTa). To je ona] KO)W Aot)e OA OQa Aa cnace ioYA€ OA rpexa, Aa OTBOPM lbl1XOBe rp060Be M nOAap" )J(I1BOT B€qHI1 qWTaEOj TBOpeBJ.1HI1.

59

Hcyc XPI1CTOC

Bepyjexr H Y jennora I'ocnona Hcyca XpHCTa

OCHOBHO I1cnOBeAalhe XPl1IlInaHa 0 IhMXOBOM Y'-II1- reroy je OBO: l/lcyc Xpncroc je Iocrrox. To ncnoseaan.e no-nuse y EBaHQeroy KaAa caxr Hcyc TIVlTa csoje Y'-IeHI1- «e WTa MI1CAe 0 TOMe KO je OH:

".A tama au eesume KO caw [a? A CUMOH Ilemap oiJe0130pU U pe-te: Tu cu Xpucmoc, CUH E02a )l(u/Jo2a. (Marej 16: 16)

Hcyc je XpMeTOc. To je npnn CTaB Bepe KOjl1 roYAl1 Mopajy Aa l1Majy 0 J-beMY. Ha pOQeIhY, MapMjMHoM AeTeTY AaTO je I1Me Hcyc mTO AOCAOBHO 3Ha'lM CnaCl1reln (ua jeapejcxor« Jowya; TO je 11 MMe Mojcujcnor HaCAeAHMKa KOjM je rrpewao peKy JopAaH 11 AOBeo Mga6paHM HapoA y 06enaHY g€MlnY). M naoenvheiu My UMe Mcyc, jep he OH cnacmu napoo C30j od epexa ItJeZOBUX. (Mare] 1: 21; AYKa 1: 31) To je onai Hcy« KOj11 je XPl1CTOC, mTO SHa'll1 nOMaSaHI1K, Mecnja napa- 11lnCK11. Hcvc je Mecaia, KOjl1 je ofieha« cBeTY npeKo Anpaaxra 11 lherOB€ A€J.;€.

AA11 KO je Mecnja? OBO je APyro rnrran,e xo]e oner Xpl1eTOC rrocr an.ea y eBaHt)ero11Ma, onor nvra He eBOjl1M Y'leH11J.;l1Ma, Hero OHI1Ma KOjl1 ey My ce pyra.or M nOKywaBaA11 Aa ra YXBaTe y pe-nt. .Ko je Mecaja?" - rnrrao l1X je, He aaro WTO cy MOrAl1 Aa oaronope l1AI1 crnapno )!(eAeAJ.I Aa 3Hajy, Ben Aa 6J.111X YMI1pl10 11 no'leo ea YTBPQI1BalheM uaca 360r xojer je Aomao: -iaca cuaceiea CBeTa.

A Kaoa ce ca6pau.r.e rJjapuceju, ynuma ux Mcyc zosopehu: .Lllma MUCAume 3a Xpucma (mj. Mecujy)? 'luju je CUH?" Pexoutc My: 4aBuiJ01l.

Pene UM: "KaKO, oaxxe, 4aBud teeea y 4yxy «a- 3U1la Iocnooou eoeopehu: Pe-te Iocnoi) Iocnooy MOjeMY: CeiJU]Y1eHU C oecne cmpaue, dOK nOilOJKUM Henpuiame/-e meoje sa nOOHOJKje 1i02aMa meojuu?"

(ITeaAaM 1l0)

60

Kao, iJaKAe, 4aBuo HaSUBa n.eea Tocnooou, KaKO My je CUH? M HUKO He M02aUlC ooeoeopumu HU pesu; «umu cueae KO 00 moea oaHa o« ea BUUle sanuma. (Mare] 22: 41-46)

nOCAe Hcycoaor sacxpcea.a, HaAaxHYTI1 MCTI1M CBeToM AYXOM KOjl1 je HaAaxHYo AaBJ.lAa, anOCTOAI1 11 CBM '11\aHOBI1 I1pKBe cy CXBaTI1AI1 aua-retse HerOBI1X PC'lM. Hcyc je XpVlCTOC. A Xpl1CTOe je Iocnox. To je raura )i[eyca Xpncra Mecnje, Hal1Me Aa je OH JeAaH 11 JeAHHI1 Iocnox, J.lCTOBeTaH ca cTapo3aBeTHI1M Boroxr -JaxBeOM.

Ben CMOBI1AeAI1 KaKO je 113pa11lnCKJ.I HapoA [axnea YBeK 3BaO AAoHaj - Iocrtoz, Y rp'lKOM npesoxy D1161\11.je caxra peCI [axne nn]e ce 'laK HI1 nucaxa. YMecTo Ihe, TaMO rAe je y jespejcxow 0p"rJ.lHaAY crajaxo Iaxne, 11 TaMO rAe ey [enpeju H3roBapaAI1 Az.ona] - Iocnox, y rp-ncoj EI16Al1jl1 jeAHocTRBHO je CTRBlneHO Knpnoc - Iocrroa. TaKO je CI1H ARBI1AOB, WTO je 6J.1o jow jeAaH Ha'lI1H Aa ce Ka)!(€ Mecnja, Ha3BRH Kl1p110C, Iocnoz,

3a Ienpe]e 11 sa npB€ xpumhaae, I1MeHa Iocnoz, 6110 je AocTojaH caxio Bor: Iocnoii je £02 xpena«, U OH Hac otiacja. (Ilcaxa» 118) Taj Ear 11 [OCI10A je [axse: 11 TO je Hcyc Mecnja. [ep l1aKO TBPAI1 Aa je Omau MOj oehu 00 Mene OOBaH 14: 28), OH Ka)l(e VI: fa u omati jeono CMO. OOBaH 10: 30)

Bepoaan.e y Ieouoe Tocnooa iicyca Xpucma je ocuonHR VI rxanna l1enOBeCT sepe, 33 xojy ey npBI1 xpmuhaH11 611Al1 CnpeMHI1 Aa yMpy. Icp TO je 11CI10BeAalhe xoje 113jeAHaqaBa Meyea ca CBeBI1WIhVlM Boror«.

61

Bepyjex y (,',)

je,l1,HHOpO,l1,HOra CHHa Boacajer

XPI1CTOC je jeAHo ca Borovr 11 Hseros je jeAl1HOpOA-

HI1 CJ<LH. OBO je enauheocxa rrporroseA KOjy cy cae'rn OLIM na HMKejcKoM cafiopy q.,0pMYAMCaAI1 na CAeAeOM Ha'lMH:

Bepyjem W Y jeAHora fOCIIOAa Mcyea XpWCTa, CWHa Boacajer, JeAWHopOAHor, OA Oua pohenor rtpe CSI'lX sexona - CBeT1\OCT 0/\ CSeT1\OcTJ<, DOra WCTI'lHWTOr OA Dora WCTI'lHI'lTOr, jeAHocYUITHor Ouy, Kp03 xora je cae IIOCTa1\O •••

OBIiI pexosx rOBope 0 CI'lHY DO)l(l1jeM, xojn ce snao M Pe-r MAM Aoroc, ilpe lberOBor pobea,a y loYACKOM TeAY 0,0, AjeBe Mapnje y BI1TAejeMY·

ITOCTOjl1 caxro je,o,aH B€'IHI1 Cl1H EO)l(wjl1. OH ce na- 3l1Ba JeAI1HOpoAHJ<, a TO 3Ha'll1 j€AI1HI1 KOjl1 je poben 0,0, Bora Oua.

Cl1H EO)l(l1jl1 poheir je OA Oua "npe CBI1X aexona", TO 3Ha'lW npe CTBapalba, ilpe noserxa BpeMeHa. BpeM€ no'Il1H>e ca CTBapaH>eM. bor nocrojx npe speraeaa, Y se-iHOM 6e3speMeHOM nocrojaisy, 6e3 OO'leTKa 11 xpaja.

BeqHOCT xao pe-r He 3Ha'll1 fiecxpajao apexie. To je CTaH>e Y KOMe spexe yonurre He nocroja-xesia OpOWAOCTW HI1 6YAytlHoCTI1, cavo rpajna casauneocr. 3a Bora HeMa HI1 rrpOIliAOCTI1 HI1 6YAyoHoenl. 3a Dora je CBe caxa.

Y se'!HOM DO)l(MjeM "caAa", npe craaparsa CBeTa, Bor OTa1\ POAl10 je csor jeAl1HOpOAHor CI1Ha y OHOMe IlITO ce MO)l(e 03Ha'll1Tl1 jeAI1HO xao Be'lHO, 6e3BpeMeHO, YBeK caAa - rrocrojehe pabau.e. To 3Ha'll1 Aa l1aKO je Cun poheu 00 Oua iii AOAa311 0,0, 01\a, H>erOB AOAasax je se-ran. Taxo HI1KaAa Hl1je 6MAO "apene" KaA Hl1- je 6l1AO CIlLHa Boxorjer, A yrrpaBo je TOMe y'll10 jepeTI1K Apirje. Iberoso y'!efbe 3BaHl1'1HO je ocyheno na rrpBOM BaceloeHCKOM cafiopy,

VlaKO je pobeu 0,0, Oua 11 I1Ma CBOj nove'rarc y TheMY, jeAI1HOpOAHI1 CI1H yse« je nocrojao I1AI1, ra-nmje, YBel< .nocrojn" «ao H€CTBOpeH, B€'IaH I1AI1 60)({aHCI<I1. TaKO y Leanbe.vy rro )OBaHY CTOjl1:

62

Y nO'1emKY 6eUJe A020C (Pe'1 - CUH), U A020C tie-

UJe y E02CI, U il020C 6eUJe E02. (Iosau 1: 1)

Kao se-mopohenn 0,0, Bora 11 YBeK rrocrojehn ca Ouexr y "6e3BpeMeHoM craisy", CI1H je 3al1CTa C13emnocm 00 Cnem nocmu, ucmunurnu E02 00 ucmuuum02 E02a. )ep Eor je CBeTAocT VI OHO urro je 0,0, Hiera pobeno Mopa 6l1Tl1 CBeTAOCT. Vl Eor je VlCTI1HI1TI1 Bor, iii OHO WTO je 0,0, Ibera poheno MOp a 611TI1 J.1CTI1- HI1TI1 DOr.

3HaMO, H3 crsopenor nope'rxa CTSapl1, Aa OHO IllTO ce POAI1 Mopa no CyWTI1HI1 6l1TH jeAHaKo OHOMe WTO paba, AKO HeKO nOTI1'-!e OA caraor 6l1oa aexor Apyror, OH Mopa 6l1TM caxi I1CTO IlITO 11 raj Apyrl1 - He MO)l<e 6[01- TW CYWTHHCI<VI pa3AWl.11T. Taxo, 'lOBeK paba -roaexa, rrTI1L1a - nTl1l1Y, pl16a - pl16y, unehe - usehe.

AKO, Aal<Ae, Eor y CBOjOj ancoxyruo] nynohn 11 caBpWeHCTBY Caor 60)l<aHCKOr 6wha paba CI1Ha, raj CJ.1H Mopa 6WTl1 I1CTI1 kao 11 Orau y cBeMY OCIiIM, uapaBHO, y TOMe IlITO je CHH.

TaKO, aKO je OTaLl 60)l<aHCKO Be'IHO e3spweHCTBO, I1CTI1H!1TO, MYAPO, A06po, nyHo loy6aBl1 11 y CBeMY OHaKBO xaxan 3HaMO Aa je DOl': HeonUC1413, nenoju.vue, HeBUOJbUB, YBeK nocmojehu. U Be'1IfO ucmu (Aa jour jeAHOM HaBeAeMO AI1Typrl1jcKI1 TeKCT), OHAa 11 CI1H MOpa 6l1Tl1 CBe TO. CMaTpaTI1 Aa je OHO IllTO je poheno 0,0, Bora HI1)({e 0,0, Thera, xaxcc jeAaH CBeTI1TelD, 3Ha'll1 speharx Bora,

CI1H je poheu He cmeopen, jeonocyiuman 0I1Y. CBe WTO OOCTOjl1 OCI1M Bora CTBOPl10 je OH: CBe B!1AloI1Be 11 HeBI1Alol1Be CTBapl1. AAI1 EO/l<l1jl1 CI1H Hl1je c nsopeIbe. !-bera Bor irnje CTBOPl10 HWTI1 casxao. OH je 3aser, pohen, rrorexao 113 cavior 6l1ha 11 opwpoAe Oua.

Do casro] rrpl1pOAI1 DOJjo(l1jOj - Bora KaO Bora - npeMa 6ml<3HCKOM OTl<pl1BelbY KaKO je cxsaheuo y FlpaBocAaBloY, Bor je npl1pOAOM Be'IHI1 OTaLl, 11 OH YBeK rpefia Aa 11M3 ca C060M csora se-nsor 11 xec rsopeaor CHHa. ITo casro] npl1pOAI1 Dora H OH rpefia Aa je I1CTII!HCKO 11 caspureno 60lKaHcTBo. Do cavoj csojoj 6o>l<aHcKoj npnpoz,ir Bor He rpefia Aa 6YAe Se'lHO caxr y CBOMe 60/lC3HCTBY Hero caxio Hseroso 6l1oe xao Joy- 6as 11 A06poTa rpefia npl1pOAHO Aa "npeOAaBI1 ce6e" II! Aa .ce otinanx.a" y pabaisy 60/l<aHcKor e11Ha: CUHa

63

/"y6aBu Hseeoee, KaKO ra arrOCTOA Flasxe Ha311Ba (KOA

1:13).

Taxo, nocroju nponaxnja H3Me!iy craopcuor M HecTBopeHor, 113Mel)y Bora 11 csera OCTaAor WTO je 501' CTBOPL10 HM M3 xera. 5mKL1jL1 CHH, poben OA 011a rrpe CBI1X B€KOBa, Hl1je crnopea, OH HL1je ca3AaH HI1113 '-[era. OH je Be'IHO pohen OA 60)l(aHCl(or 611na Oua. OH cnaxa «a EOJ/fujy cmpaHy.

TIOWTO je pohen a He CTBopeH, CL1H 5mKl1jL1 je OHO WTO M 50r.113pa3 jeAHocYIllTHI1 (jeAHe cYIIITVlHe) 3Ha'-1M CAeAene: OHO IIlTO je 50r OTaLl TO je L1 CI1H DO>KL1- jl1. Cy1llTHI1 AOAa3L1 OA cTapocAoBeHcKor napTL1U;L1na npeseirra CyIIl'-l, UITO 3HaLIH I1CTI>!HCKI>!.

CywTI1Ha jeAHe CTBapl>! Aaje OAl'OBOP aa 1II1Tafhe:

Ill ra je TO? OHO IIITO je Orau 11 CMH je. Orau je 60- )l(aHCTBO 11 Cnn je 60>KaHCTBO, Orau je ae-rair 11 CMH je S€'JaH, OTal1 je HeCTBopeH 11 CMH je HeCTBopeH, O'rau je 501' H CI1H je Eor. To je OHO WTO "'YAH ircnoBeAajy KaAa Ka)KY jeounopoituu CUH EOJfCUju ... jeiJHOCYucman Ouy.

EYAynL1 YBeK ea 011eM, L1 CHH je >KHBOT, jeAHa nox.a, jeAHa OlAa L1 jeAHo AejcTBo ca i-bHM. WTO rOA Aa je Orau H CI1H je; AaKAe, WTa rOA Aa LII1HM Orau '-II1HH 11 CI1H. TIpS06MTHO Aell.o 50>Kje, M3BaH Hserose 60)](aHCKe e1'3MCTeHU;Hje, jec're '1I1H CTBapafha. OTal1 je TBOpaI.( uefia L1 3eMIDe, cnera BI1Al\)HBOr L1 HeBHAIDL1Bor. A y '-I1·1HY craapaisa, KaKO ra I1cnOBeAaMO y CHMBOll.Y aepe. CJ1H je oxaj Kp03 xora je CBe nOCTa!l.O.

Y '1I1Hy crsapan.a CHH yxecruyje xao oxaj KOjH L13BpWaBa OLIeBY BOIDy. 5m[(aHCKI1 YJ1H cTBapafua L1, yonwTe, CBaKO AejcTBo npeua CB€TY Kp03 oTKpvIBe!-be, cnaC€lh€ J1 npocxaa.eeue je OHO WTO Orau xohe, a CvIH I1CnYfuaBa (AOLlHHje hevo rOBOpl1TI1 0 CBeToM Ayxy) y jeAHoM (L1CTOB€THOM) 60)J(aHcKOM '1J1Hy. TaKO y Ilocran.v BJ1A"MO Aa Eor crnapa CBOjOM 60)](aHCKOM pe-rj y (E02 peue ... ), a y EBaH!i€IDY no )oBaHY je ClI.eAene nocefiao orxpnserse:

OH (Pe« - CUH) tieuie y nO'lemKY y E02a (Ol}a).

CBe Kp03 ioeea (UAU seutae) nocmaoe, U 6ea teeea uuiuma He nocmaoe tamo je nocmano.

(JoBaH 1: 2-3)

64

To je H YLIefhe anOCTOAa TIaBlI.u.

Iep IbUMe (CUHOM) 6u casoano CBe, ucmo je ua netiecuua U ucmo je ua 3eMkU, iumo je BUakUBO U tumo je neeuos-ueo, 6UAU npecmasu. UAU eocnoocmea, UAU uauascmea UAU BAacmu: CBe je lbusse U sa Ibeea casoano. 11 OH je npe caeza, U CBe y HseMy nocmoju. (Koll. 1: 16-17)

Taxo ce Be'lHl1 CMH 50)](l1jH J1CnOB€Aa xao onaj Kp03 xoea CBe nocmaoe (Icn 1: 2; 2: 10; PJ1M 11: 36).

Cl1MBOll. nepe HaCTaB,\)a: ••• xoja je paAI1 Hac AoYAM M paAM namera cnacen,a cmuao C nefieca I>! OBarrAO- 1'110 ce OA Ayxa Cse ror 11 Mapaje AjeBe 11 nocrao '10BeK.

5mKL1jH CL1H POAJ10 ce Y "'YACKOM Tell.Y paAL1 cnacefha cnera. To je rAaBHO Y'f€llie rrpaaocxasire XpJ1WnaHCKe Bepe; ira TOj 'fJ1fh€HL1l1H rpaAI1 ce uexoxyrtan )](HBOT xpmnhana.

Cl1MBOA Bepe narxauiasa Aa je CL1H Eo)](wjH Aowao paou Hac ky(JU U paou uatuee cnaceiea. KIDY'-lHO 611- 6l1.J1jCKO Y'fefue je Aa ... E02 mateo 3aBOAe ceem oa je Cuua ceoea Ieounopoouoea oao, oa ceaxu «oiu eepyje Y toeea He n02UHe, Hew oa uma J/(UBom Bel1HU (JoBaH 3: 16, HaBOAL1 ce na ceaxoj EO>KaHCTBeHoj AJ1TyprL1jL1 CBeTor )OBaHa 3AaTOYCTor ycpeA npWI€CHe MOAI1TBe).

360r csoje caBpIIleHe IDy6aBH DOl' nocxa CJ1Ha CBOT y CBeT. 501' je snao, jour KOA caxror 'fI1Ha crnapan.a, Aa je OBanll.On€!-b€ Hseronor Cl1Ma y IDYACKO TeAO neonXOAHO Aa 6H CBeT yonrnTe nocrojao. OBanll.Onefu€ xao pe-r 3Ha'fJ1 OTell.OBfDelbe y CMHClI.Y npeY3HMafha l1eAOBl1TOCTI1 IDYACK€ upnpcz,e, TeA3 J1 Ayme.

11 il020C nocmaiJe meno U uacmanu ce Me!;y uaua, U BuoeCMO CAaBY teeeoey, c,lasy xao IebuuopOOH02a 00 Oua ..

11 00 nyuohe lbeZOBeMU CBU npuuucuo, U 6Aa2o-

bam ua tisaeooam. (jOBaH 1: 14-16).

CHlIIao je c nefieca

Tspbcn,e Aa je CJ1H cuucao C He6eca U oean.somuo ce He 3Ha'lM Aa je OH CMeWT€H mauo ueeoe zope y CBeMHpy, J1 OHAa cuurao ua nAaHeTY 3eMA>y. Aa je OH cutuao

65

C uetieca je 6116AHjCKM HaqWH Aa ce xaxce Aa je CMH Eo)[(l1jM AOllIaO 113 CaCBI1M "APyror", 60>K3HCKOr, nocrojalb3 Bora 113BaH Mena M rpannua 'IMT3Bor npoCTopa M apesreira xoje 06YXBaTa cTBOpeHI1, ¢11311qKl1 cBeM11p. Yonurre, MOP3MO ce rrOHOBO CeTl1Tl1 CMM60Al1'IKOr xapaxrepa CBl1X xannix peq11 11 rapbeisa 0 Eory.

MCTO T3KO, TBpnelhe Aa je CWH cutuao c nebeca He 611 rpeoaxo TYMaql1TI1 y CMI1CAY xao Aa je rrpe osanxohea,a CMH EO>KMjM 6110 norrryxo OACYTaH 113 CBeTa. C11H je YBeK 6wo y cBemy jep CBem Kp03 n.eea nocmaoe OOBaH 1: 10). OH je YBeK rrpMCYTaH y CBeTY jep OH cax je >KI1BOT 11 CB€TAOCT qOBeKY (Iosaa 1: 14).

Kao cmnope« no 06AUKY U noiJo6ujy EO)KujeM, CBaK11 YOBeK - CaMI1M THM WTO je YOBeK - jecre CA11Ka 60- )KaHCKOr CI1Ha KOjl1 je cast xecraopena CAI1Ka .DO>Kl1ja (KOA 1: 15; JeB 1: 3). Taxo, C11H I1AM Pe-r MAI1 AMI< ""11 .D"I1CTalhe Eo)[(je - K3KO je H3311saH y Caerow nl1CMy YBeK je 6110 y cBemy 6YAynw YBeK lIpl1CYTaH y csaKOM OA CBOjl1X "cTBOpeHI1X AI1KOBa", He cavo xao Ih11XOB l'BOpal\ Ben M xao ouaj qMje 611ne cy CBI1 CTBopeHM Aa oxpaacanajy. Taxo, Y CBOM oaanxoheu.y, CMH Al1qHO AOAa311 aa cser 11 nocraje qOBeK. AAI1 11 lIpe OBarrAOhen.a OH je YBeK 6110 Y cBeTY rrpl1cycTBoM W CMAOM CBOjl1X cr aapaxa-norx AejCTasa (YI1HOBa) y lherOBMM cTBOpelbl1Ma, nocefino y YOSeKy.

no rrpaBOCAaBHOM yyelhY, M jaBtoalhe Bora CBeTI1Ma Crapor aaaera, TaK03BaHa reoqiaaaja (WTO 3HaYM 60>KaHCKO jaBtoalbe - Borojas.saiee) 6MAO je j3Btoalh€ Oua rrpexo, Kp03 11 Y CI1HY MAM Aorocy. TaKO, ua npnxiep, jaBroalha Mojcejy, MAMjl1l1AM McaMjl1 ocraapeaa cy nocpeacrnosr 60ll<aHCKOr 11 aecraopenor CMHa .DOlKl1jer.

npaBOCAaBHO yyelbe je M TO Aa Pe-r Iioxcja, xoja je AOWA3 cTap03aS€THMM npopouasra 11 CBeTI1Ma, 11 cave Pe-nt Mojcnjenor 3aKOHa (Ha3BaHe xa jenpejCKOM pexn a He xao WTO MM Ka)[(eMO aa CBOM je311- Ky aanoaec rn) raxohe cy OTKpHBelDe Bora npexo lherOBor CMHa - 60>KaHCKe Pe'll1. Tarco, ira lIPMM€P, Y CTaPOM 3aBeTY MMaMO CBeAOKe oTKpMBelha Pe-nr BO>KMje, xao WTO je npopo« Hcaaja, y rOTOBO I1CTOM "11'lHOCHOM 06Al1KY K3KO I1X HaAa3MMO y xpmuhanCKOM ES3HQekY:

66

Iep KaKO naaa aaJf[a UAU CHe2 U He epaha ce OHaMO, He20 uamana 3eMJbY U '1UHU oa paha U oa ce SMeHU, iia Gaje ceueua aa ce ceje U x seiia aa ee jeoe, maxo Pie 6umu pen uoja Kaa usuhe U3 MOjUX yema; uehe ce epamumu K MeHU npasua, ueeo he Y'fUHUmU tumo MU je Gpa20, u cpehuo he CBpUlUmu na ucmo je notus-es: (l-lcauja 55: 10-11).

AaKAe, npe Hero IIITO ra je AjeBa Mapnja pOAI1Aa xao xonexa Mcyca, 60>KaHCKI1 CMH M Pes EO>Kl1ja 6110 je y CBeTY npncyran y 'lI1Hy CTsapalba, a nocefino CTsapalha -roaexa. EMO je rrpMCYT3H " AeAOTBopaH M y reo¢aHl1jaMa (60rojaStoeIhI1Ma) CTap03aBeTHMM escrMMa; 11 y peYI1Ma 3aKOHa 11 npopoxa 113rOBopeHMM 11 HallHcaH11M.

67

OBanJIOTIIO ce 0,11; ,lI;yxa CBeTOr II Mapnje ,lI;jeBe II nOCTaO qOBeK

CI1H BOJKl1jl1 POAI10 ce OA AjeBe Mapuje KaO qOBeK, CI1AOM CSeTOra Ayxa (Marej 1; AYKa 1 11 11). Llpxsa Y'IW Aa je 6e3rpellIHo sa-rehe XPI1CTOBO ncrrya.eise CTap03aBeTHO[ rrpopovancrna (Hcanja 7: 14), xao 11

ocrnapeu,e cre)Klhe CBHX "'YAI1 sa cnaceise« «ojy uaxa- 311MO Y CBI1M peAl1rHjaMa H qJl1AocoqmjaMa Y "'YACKOj I1CTOPl1jH. Cavo Eor MO)({e cnaCMTM cser. -lonex TO He MOJKe y'IMHMTM, jep OH caM Mopa 6(1[TI1 cnaceu. Crora ie, npeMa npaBOCAaBHOM Y'lelhY, 6e3rpellIHo aa-rehe norpefino, aAM He 360r Aa)({He MAOAM3allMje AeBM'IaHCTBa xao rarcsor MAM 360r rpeunre oA60jHOCTM npeMa HeMopaAHoj "'YACKOj rrOAHOCTI1. HI1TI1 je nOTpe6HO, xao WTO 6H HeKH 6HAH CKAOHH Aa Aajy "AoAaTHY 're-

68

)({MHY" XPHCTOBOM MopaAHOM y'lelhY. Be3rpeWHO saxehe rperia CXBaTI1TI1 xao neonxoxxo 3aTO WTO onaj KOjl1 je poben He CMe 611TI1, rcao CBI1 APyn1, 're« qOBel( KOMe rpefia crracerse. CnaCI1Te", CBeTa He MO)J(e 6l1TI1 caxio jeAaH OA AAaMoBor coja pohex OA T€Aa xao CBI1 OCTaAI1. OH Mopa 611TM "He OA oaora CBeTa" Aa 6H cnacao CBeT.

XPMCTOC je pohea OA AjeBe Mapnje, jep je OH CHH BQ)KHjl1 Cnacure-- CBeTa. To je VI yqelhe IlpasocxasHe upxse - Aa XPMCTOC mrje "caMO -rosex" xao CBM APynl "'YAM. OH jecre npasn 'lOBeK, caapureu H ljeAOBHT nOTrrYH -roaex ca "'YACKI1M YMOM, AYWOM 11 TeAOM. AAI1 TO je ouaj '10BeK KOjl1 nOCTaAe el1H H Pe-r BOll<l1ja. Taxo, UpKBa 3BaHI1crHo I1crrOBeAa Aa Mapnjy npaBI1AHO rpetia SBaTl1 DOI'OpOAI1l\a, OHa xo]a je poAHAa Dora. lep Taj xojer Mapnja POAVI je (xaxo ce y Flpasocxaauoi lIpKBI1 nesa ua BOJKHn); ... onaj KOjU je y CBe ue/wlle E02.

Aaliac AjeBa poilu Onocrnpanoe, a 3eMA>a nonyou nehuuy Henpucmynnoss! Auhesu ca nacmupuua CAalM,axy ea. Myapu u/jaxy 3a 3Be3aOM. Iep Be'1I-1U E02 paou uac poini ce «ao oeme.

(KOHAaK KOjVl ce nesa aa BO>K.Mn)

Vlcyc VIS Hasapera je BOT, HAU Ta'IHMje, CUH BOJKI1- jVl Y "'YACKOM TeAY (YTeAoBlbeHI1, onanxohenu). OH je npaBI1 'lOBeK y CBaKOM rrOfAeAY. Pohen je. Oxpacrao je cxyurajyh« csoje pOAVlTe",e. Hanpexoaao je Y MyAPOCTM J.1 pacTY (AYKa 2: 51-52). )KHBeo Y nopoAHlIl1 ca tipaho« (Mapxo 3: 31-34), xojy no npa130CAaBHOM yqelhY HVlje pOAVlAa Mapir]a, xoja ce l1CnOBeAa xao YBeK AjeBa, Ben cy 611Aa HAl1 pohaun l1AH jOCl1cjloBa Aella H3 lherOBor pannjer 6paKa.

Kao 'IOBeK' XPI1CTOC je AOJKI1BeO CBa HopMaAHa, npl1pOAHa "'YAcKa cran.a H VlC[qcTBa xao WTO cy OApaCTefbe 11 paasnjan.e, yxen.e, rAaA, )({el), YMOP, Tyry, 60A M pa30crapalhe. Yrroaaao je H "'YACKa HCKywelha, rraTfhY VI CMpT. Yseo je CBe TO ira ce6e paAH Hac toYAH H paAH nanrera cnacersa.

A notumo cy ma oeua oa KpBU u Meca, U ali najmeuoee nocmaoe mo ucmo, aa cuphy campe onoea KOjU UMa CUAY cstpmu; mo jecm haeo.sa. PI

69

oa ustiaeu one KOjU U3 cmpaxa 00 CMpmU ~eJl02a WUBOma 6exy p060BU.

[ep, saucma ce He npucajeounu aH/JeJlUMa, HeZO ce npucajeounu ceMeHY ABpaaMOBY. Cmoea je mpetia.no oa y cBeMY 6yoe noboban tipahu, (...) KaKO 6u ouucmuo zpexe napooa. [ep noiumo je U caM cmpaoao 6yOyPlU xytuan, same Mowe nOMOhu OHUMa KOju tiueajy KYUlaIlU. OeB 2: 9-18)

XPMCTOC je ywao y CBeT M nocno xao CBI1 foYAH Y CBeMY OCHM Y rpexy.

OH zpexa He Y'fUIIU, uurnu. ce uahe npeBapa Y ycmussa Jbe20BUM; OH epehan, He ysepahatue YBpeOOM; cmpaoajyhu nuje npemuo, ueeo je npenycmuo OIiOMe (mj. DOZY 01.jy) KOjU npasebno cyou.

(1. rr- 2: 22-23; [en 4: 15)

Heyc XPHCTOC je 6110 HCKywaBaH, aAH anie srpeWHO. EHO je caspurcu y CBaKOM rtorxez.y, AO xpaja nocxyuraa Eory Ouy, rosopehn Osese peLfI1, LfHHenl1 Hserosa AeAa M ircrryn.aaajyha Iberoay BOfoy. Kao xoaex, XPMCTOC je caspiueao OCTBapl10 csojy yxory Caspureuor 'IOBeKa - HOBor H nocxexe.er AAaMa. OH je ypaAl10 CBe OHO WTO -rouex Hl1je y craiey, 6110 je y cseMY uajcanpureuxin A"YACKM oz.rosop na 60lKaHCKH noacrnuaj TSOpeBl1He. Y TOM CMMCAyCMH 130)l(Mjl1 xao LfOBeK caxcco je )KHSOT AAaMa, rj. )KI1BOT 'lMTasor foYACKor pOAa, npahajyhn -roaexa H fuerOB CBeT Eory Ouy 11 oMoryhaBajyhl1 HOBI1 nO'IeTaK )KHSOTa cA060AHor OA BAaCTH rpexa, hasoxa H cxrpm.

Kao Cnacure.e - Mecnja, XPHCTOC ncnyu.ana 11 CBa npOpO'laHCTBa H O"leKI1Bafua Crapor aanera, OCTBapyjyhn M KpyHl1lIlynl1 y anCOAYTHOM caBpweHCTBY cse OHO lIITO je 3anO'IeTO y H3paHfoY paAI1 IoYACKor 11 paAI1 KOCMI1'IKOr cnaccrsa. Ha rai Ha'lHH, XPMCTOC je ncrrya.ea.e ooehau.a AaTor ABpaaMY, AOBpIIlelbe 3aKOHa Mojcnjcsor, oc'raapeu.e npopOKa, a caM OH je IToeAeAif>11 ITpOPOK, Llap 11 Y<[I1Tefo, jeAMHI1 BeAHKM npBOCBeWTeHI1K Cnaceu,a 11 Caspurena caeiurcua >KpTBa, HOBa Ilacxa H AapoAaBaq Cseror Ayxa HaA 1\eAOM TBopeBI1HOM.

70

Y osoj YAOSH Mecnje - Llapa 113paHfoC[(Or 11 Cnacrrrerea CBeTa XPMCTOC ce noncronehyje ea EorOM 01\eM 11 ce6e HaSI1Ba ITyT, HCTHHa H )KHBOT, Bacxpcelne 11 >KI1BOT, CBeTAOCT CBeTY, XAe6 >KMBoTa, Bpa'ra ropa (cxoaecnor craaa), A06pH Flacrnp, CI1H '10- Be'IHjJ1, CI1H Iiozcnju, 11 CaM Iocnoz, He6eCKl1, KOjl1 JECTE (EBaHoefoe no Ioaauy).

Of];6paHa yqeIha 0 oaannohersy (YTeJIOBJhelDY)

OCHosHa ql1if>eHHqa xpnurhaxcxe sepe y Ilpaaocxasao] lIpKBI1, Aa ce CI1H 13o)l(l1jl1 nojasuo xa 3eMfoH xao npaBI1 'lOBeK, pohex OA AjeBe Mapnje, Aa 6H yMpO 11 one r YCTao Aajynl1 )l(I1BOT CBeTY, napascanas je H 6palbeH na MHoro pa3Al1Ql1Tl1X Ha'lI1Ha. Jlpsa rrpononez, H npsa oA6paHa TaKBe Bepe cacrojaxa ce y HCTHqalbY Aa je l-lcyc Hasapehaana YI1CTI1HY npasn Mecnja I!l3paMfoeB, 11 Aa je CaM Mecnia XPI1CTOC, HCTI1HI1TH Iocnoz, 11 130r y foYACKOM o 6AHQjy. ITpSH xpmnhanu, nOLfeBWM OA anOCTOAa, MOPaAl1 cy Aa aarxainasajy He casio Aa je Hcyc 3al1CTa XPI1CTOC 11 CHH 130)[(l1jl1, Ben Aa je OH CTBapHO )l(I1BeO 11 yMpO 11 sacxpcao 113 MpTBHX Y TeAY, xao npaao foYACKO 6Mne.

no OBOMe pacnosuajme Ayx Boucuju: CBaKU oyx KOjU npusuaje oa je l/lcyc Xpucmoc y meny 00- tuao, 00 Boea je,

A CBaKU oyx KOjU He npusnaje oa je Mcyc Xpu-

cmoc y me.vy ooiuao, nuje 00 E02a. (2. JOB 4: 23)

Iep MHoze eapa.suue usuhouie y caem, KOjU lie npusuajy Mcyca Xpucma oa je ooiuao y meA y.

(2. JOB 7)

Y npBHM rOAJ1HaM3 xpiuuhancraa, 6paHHTeJbH Bepe - anOAOreTI1 M MY'IeHHql1 - MMaAM cy, icao rxaaxo CSeAO'laHCTBO M aaAaTaK, oA6paHY Y'lelba Aa je XPHCTOC, xao CMH 130)l(l1jH Y IoYACKOM TeAY, )l(I1BeO xa aeMfol1, yMpO, OA 01\a nOAl1rHYT 113 MPTSMX J1 6vIO npoCAaBfoeH xao jeAMHI1 IIap M Iocrroz, - Bor csera.

BaCeJheHCKH cafiopn

Y rpehesr J1 'IeTSpTOM aexy 6J1AO je noicyuraja Aa ce AOKa)l(e Aa, l1aKO je l1cyc MCTHHCKI1 YTeAOBfoeHH (oaa-

71

nxohena) Cl1H 11 Pe-r Boxcnja, ra] C!1H W cavra Pe-r HVrje caCBWM W rrOTrrYHO 60lKaHCKe rrpwpoAe, Ben creopeiee ~ rrpeMAd je HajBeM1'laHCTBeHwje CTBopelbe - aAW CTBOpelbe caSAaHO OA Dora xao 11 CBe APYro UITO je C'I'BOpeHO. To je 6WAO yqelbe apajaaaua. OpOTl1B osor Y'Ielba 0L\11, kao CBeTI1 Aranacuje AAeKCaHAPl1jcKl1, Bacl1Al1je BeAI1KI1, a.eros 6paT, Ipnropnje HI1Cl1jCKl1l1 Ipuropnje DOroCAOB Ha3I1jaH311H, 6paHHAl1 cy rrpaBI1AO nepe yrspbexc xa OPBOM H ApyroM BaCeloeHC[(OM cafiopy, no [(ojeM Cl1H 11 Pe-r DOlKI1ja - onanxoherra y A>YACKOM 06AI1'ljy xao Mcyc Hasapehannn, Mecnja - XPI1CTOC 113pal1A>CKH - Hl1je CTBOpelb€ Ben je l1CTl1HCKO 60lKaHCTBO xao Eor OTaL\ M CBeTI1 Ayx. To je 6HAa oA6paHa yqelba 0 CBeTOj Tpojaun (BI1AeT11 III rtorxasx,e) xoje je aa U;PKBY y CBl1M BpeMeHI1Ma ca-rysaxo Bepy Aa je XPI1CTOC WCTI1HI1TI1 CI1H EO)!(J1jl1, jeAHocywTaH OL\Y 11 CBeToM Ayxy, jeAaH OA CBeTe Tpoinue.

Y 4. BeKY Llpxna je, orter, MopaAa Aa oA6aJ.(11 y1£elbe I13BeCHor ArrOAI1Hap11ja, KOjl1 je TBPAI10 Aa, 11aKO je XPI1CTOC aancra osanaohenv CI1H 11 Pe-r Boxorja, OBanxohe-se ce cacrojaxo caxro OA rtpeysroaan.a loYAcKor rexa a He 11 nornyue loYAeKe rrpl1poAe. To je 6MAO y'leIf>e rro KojeM Hcyc XPI1CTOC HeMa rrpaBY loYACKY AYury, rrpaBl1loYAcKI1 yM, rrpaBI1 IoYACKI1 AYX, Ben Ad CI1H 50lKl1jl1, I(Djl1 Be'lHO nocrojn ca Ol.\eM L1 AYXOM, caxro craayje y IoYACKOM TeAY, xao y xpasry. 360r rora eB3- KO 3BaHI11£HO y'l€If>€ Ilpasocxaane L\pKBe - YKloY'lyjynI1 CBe oApeA6e BaeeA>eHCKI1X caoopa - YBeK narnauraaa Aa je CI1H DmKvrjl1 nocrao 1£OBeK OA Ajes€ Mapnje ca CAOBeCHOM AYlIIOM 11 TeAOM; ApyrvrM peQI1Ma, Aa je Cl1H 50lKI1jl1 crnapno nocrao 'lOBeK y rrYHOM CMl1CAY rc pe'll1l1 Aa je Meyc XPHCTOC 6110 11 jec re npano II>YA ~ CKO 6I1ne, xoie je I1MaAO CBe WTO CBaKO fuYACKO 6l1ne I1Ma 11 iecre. To Hl1je Hl1lI1Ta Apyro AO Y1£eH>e EBaHlJeloa 11 uexor CB€TOr nncwa Honora saac'ra.

A notumo cy rna oeua 00 KpBU U Meca, U OH najmeuuee nocmaoe mo ucmo ( . .) y elleMY noitotiau tipahu.: (JeB 2: 14-17).

Hecropnjancxa cnop

Y 5. B€KY pa3Bl1Aa ce Ayra 11 remxa pacrtpasa 0 I1crrpaBHOM cxaaran.y Avl'lHOCTI1 11 npl1pOA€ L1cyca

72

XpI1CTa. Tpehn Bae€lo€HCKI1 catiop Y Ediecy OAp)!(aH 431. rOAI1He, CA€Aenl1 Y'le!-be cne'ror Kl1pl1Aa AAeKcaHAPl1jcKor, BeOMa ce sayseo y oA6paHI1 'l11H>eHWJ.(e A3 Onaj xojer' je POAHAa AjeBa Mapnja Hl1je HI1KO APyrl1 AO CI1H EOlKl1jl1 Y A>YACKOM rcxy. 511AO je HeonxOAHO 113Pl1'll1TO 6paHL1TI1 onaj craa jep cy H€K11 Y U;PKBL1 AP)](enl1 ce Y'IeH>a Hecropnja, l.\apl1rpaACKor €rrI1CKOrra, y'll1Al1 Aa AjeBY Mapxjy He Tpe6a SBaTI1 TeOTOKOC, Eoropoxuua (113pa3 Ben ynorpefi-eaaan Y J.(pKBeHOM 60rOCAOBfuY) jep ce TBPAL1AO Aa je AjeBaMapl1ja POAI1- Aa -ronexa Meyca (KOjl1 je nOCTaO Cl1H EO)KI1}11 Y OBanxohca-y) a He caxr or CI1Ha. Y TOM rrorAeAY CMaTpaAO ce Aa nocroju rrOAeAa 113Mel)y Cmra Boxorjer pohenor y B€'lHOCTI1 OA Bora OL\a, 11 CJ1Ha '-[OBe'll1jer pohenor OA Ajenc Mapirje y BI1TAejeMy; 11 Aa je, l1aIW HeOCIlOpHO uocrojn npasa sesa xrehy lbl1Ma, Mapnia POAMA3 caxro 1£OBeKa. CM3TpaAO ce Aa Mapnja MO)f(e 611Tl1 na- 3BaHa EorOpOAI1J.(OM caxro YCAOBHO, HeKOM BPCTOM CI1MBOAl1'lHor 11 rrpeTepaHO nofio.acuor na'resan.a T€ pe'll1, aAl1 Aa je AorMaTCKl1 Ta'lHwje 3BaTI1 je XPHCTOTOKOC (OHa xoja je pOAHAa Mccnjy) I1AI1 AHTporrOTOKOC (OHa xoja je pOAL1Aa '-[OBeKa KOjl1 je nocrao CI1H EO)!(l1jM Y oaanxohen.y).

CBeTI1 K11p11A AAeKCaHAPL1jcKI1I1.0L\11 KOjl1 cY y'leCTBOBaAM sa cariopy y Erpccy oA6aJ.(I1Al1 cy HeCTOpl1jaHCJ(O y'lelbe H 06jaBI1AI1 Aa je I1Me TeOTOKOc sa AjeBY Mapnjy CaCBI1M l1cnpaBHo 11 Mopa ee 3aAp)!(aTI1 YKOAJ1KO Xpl1WnaHI1 xohe Aa MCI10BeAajy Bepy KaKO rpetia J1 Aa )l(MBe rrpaBI1M Xpl1lllnaHCKI1M lKl1BOTOM. OBO l1Me Mopa ce 6paHl1Tl1 jep He MO)](e I10CTojaTH Hl1- KaKBa noz.exa 6MAO xoje BpCTe !13Mel)y aexnor CL1Ha VI Pe-nt 50lKl1je, poheaor OA OL\a rrpe CBl1X BeKOBa, 11 L1cyca XpL1CTa, Cl1Ha Mapninuor. MapI1jI1HO AeTe je Be'lHl1l1 60)!(aHCTBeHI1 CMH 130)l(l1jl1. OH, 11 Hl1KO APYrn, pohex je OA H>e xao AeTe. OH, 11 Hl1KO APyr!1, OA !-be ce OBarrAOT110 y "'YACKOM TeAy. OH, 11 HI1KO APyr!1, rrocrao je 'lOB€K y jacxaraa 11 B!1TAejeMy. HI1KaKBe "Be3e" HL1TL1 "cnoja" He MO>Ke 6HTH H3Mel)y Boxorjer CI1Ha H Mapl1jJ1HOr CL1Ha jep cy OHI1, yCTBapl1, jeAHa H HCTa AH'lHOCT. EOlKl1jer CMHa pOAl1Aa je Mapir]a. 5mKI1jl1 CI1H IIIMa 60lKaHcKY npl1poAY; OH je Eor. Crora je Mapnja pOAI1Aa Bora y TeAY - Bora xao -iosexa. Crora je Mapnja l1CTI1HCKa Teoroxoc (Iioropoz.aua). EojHH no-

7" .}

KAWI CB€Tor Kapnxa M Cafiopa Y E¢ecy 6MO je yrrpaBO onaj: CMH Eimluljw w ClilH Y.OBe'fwjw - jeAaH CWH!

XaJIKH,ll;OHCKH cafiop

Y'-!elhe 0 J.1cycy XpMCTY, onanxohenosr CWHY EimKMjeM, paspahexo je W otijaunseuo Ae¢HHHl\HjOM lleTBpTor aacex.eacxor caoopa y XaAKl1AoHY 451. rOAHH€ OBO je 6HAO norpefixo jep ce rrojaauxa CKAOHOCT xa narxauraaan.y 60JKaHCKe rrpWpOA€ Xpncrose AO T€ Mepe Aa je Iberono] HCTHHCKOj "'YACKOj npapoz,n yMaa.cna BaJKHOCT rOTOBO AO rroTrrYHor oA6aLlHBalha. Ha lleTBpTOM canopy yruphcaa je nosaara ¢opMyAal\Hja xoja KaJKe Aaj€ Hcyc XpMCTOC, osanxohenn EOJKWjH CHH H Pen EO)l(Mja jeAHa AM'-!HOCT (nnocrac) koja l1Ma ABe rroTrrYH€ 11 LleAe llpwpoAe: mYACKY 11 60)KaHcKy. HapO'fMTO nOAcTaKHYT rrMCMOM csei or Aaea, Pl1Mcxor nane, -Ierapr« catiop MHCHCTl'lpa aa TOMe Aa je XPMCTOC yrrpaBo OHO IIlTO je Bor O'rau y 0AHOCY na Hserony 60)l(aHCKY IIPWPOAY. To ce AHpeKTHo OAHOCI1 aa HMKejcKO Bjepyjy rAe C€ xasce Aa je Cim EiO)!{MjM jeonocytuman Ol-jY, WTO jeAHocTaBHO 3Ha'-!M Aa OHO !lITO OTaLl jecre, H CHH [ecre: CB€TAOCT OA CBeTAoCTH, Eor I1cTWH11Tl1 OA Bora J.1cTl1HMTor. Ca60p j€ xarxaruaaao H TO Aa je, OBarrAOTMBWM ce, CMH EmKMjM nocrao YllpaBO OHO !lITO CBa "'YACKa 6Hha jeey, MCnoaexajyha Aa je J.1cyc XPI1CTOC "jeAHOCYIIlTaH" H ca CBMM "'YACKMM 6HhMMa rro CBOjOj '''YACKOj rrpHpOAVI. OBO y'-!elhe 6HAO je, VI OCTaAO 3acTyrrlo€HO 1<a0 yq€lhe caMI1X arrOCTOAa, KaKO je 3a6€A€lK€HO yeBaHneloHMa l1 APyrl1M TeKCTOBI1Ma HOB ora aancra, xa rtpnxrep, y OHI1Ma xoie nMIIl€ anOCTOA naBA€:

Koju iiyoyhu Y 06AU'fjy EOJKujeM, nuje csiampao 3a omusuuee mo uimo je jeona« C B020M. He20 je ce6e nOHU3UO ysetuuu otisuuje cAY2e, nocmao ucmoseman kyouMa U useseooi« ce nahe xao «oBeK. Ynusuo je ce6e U 6uo nocnyiuan 00 cupmu, U mo 00 csspmu ua Kpcmy.

(tPI1A 2:6-8; BMAeTM l1 JeB 1-2, JOBaH 1)

Kmy'fHe peqM y A€¢I1HMLlMjl1 Bepe aa XaAKMAoHCKOM cafiopy cy cAeAetle:

74

Cneoehu ceeme oue jeouoenacno «aoneuo oa Cuna Boscuje: u naiuee Iocnooa Meyca Xpucma mpe- 6a ucnoeeoamu «ao jeano ucmo OeAHY I1CTY Al1qHOCT), u oa je OH casptuen y EOJlfaHcKOM tcao U y A>YOCKOM - ucmuuumu Boe u ucmuuumu 'Iosex, ca npa130M 0YUlOM u (IoYACKI1M) meAOM, jeoHOCYtaman ca Oues: no ceojoi ~byOCKOj npupoou: jeoaH ca nasta y CBeMY OCUM y epexy: sauem 00 Oua npe CBUX 11eKOBa npeua Boscaucxoj npupoou: anu y OBe nocseotee oaue paou Hac ]tJyou u paou uataee cnaceu.a, OOHem (Ha CBeT) 00 Ajeae Mapuje, E020- poouue, npeMa JbyOCKOj npupoou. Taj jeoan me ucmu Mcyc Xpucmoc, ieounopoanu CUH (EiOlKl1jl1) uopa ce ucnoeeoamu xao oa UMa oee npupooe, asu 6e3 ueiaatea u 6e3 npoueue, 6e3 oosajatea u 6es nooese (Tj. 6€3 Meillalha 130)fCaHCK€ l1 toYACK€ rrpl1poAe Aa C€ He 611 H3ry6L1Aa WAl1 l13MeHl1Aa 06eAelKja 6MAO xoje OA n.nx: 11 Aa ce He 6M pa3ABajaAe na TaKaB HaqMH Aa ce 1l0Ml1CAM KaKO nocroje ABa a He cave JeAaH CI1H) aAU He 6e3 pa3AuKOBaiba OBUX npupooa xoje 6u uacmaso OBaKBUM cjeoun.aeasee»: Ben mateo CIa ce saopme nocetina otiesestja u jeot«: u opvee npupooe, a OHe cjeCluHe y [eono} AU'fHOCmU u Hnocmacu, He pasimojeut: u nodekeHe y oae sunuocmu, eeh cjeauteene y jeintos: jeouuos« CUHY jcounopoinrou, Eoq Peuu, nauseu Iocnooy Mcycy Xpucrny, «ao tumo Ilpopouu. U3 oasuuna eosopaxy 0 lbeMY (HITp. EMaHYI1Ao KOA Hcanje 7:14), U KaKO Hac nay-u: Hcyc Xpucmoc, u KaKO HaM ouu y CUMBOAY Bepe nopyuutue.

J.13BecTaH 6poj xpmuhana HL1je rrpHXBaTHO oxpea- 6e XaAKHAoHcKor catiopa 11 pacKI1Hyo je 3ajeAHI1L1Y ca OHI1Ma KOjl1 jecy. Yql1HHAI1 cy TaKO jep cy rrOMI1CAMAI1 Aa je onaj caoop, I1HCMcTHPajYhH na "AB€Ma npl1pOAaMa" nocxe onanxohen,a, YCTBapl1 O)f(I1BeO norpeumo Hecropnieso yqelhe, l1 ourrpo cy 3aXTeBaAH "cjeAl1- lbaBalhe" re ABe llPI1POA€. OBI1 xpmuham: Ha3BaHI1 cy MOHO¢L13I1TMMa (OA H3pa3a KOjl1 3Haql1 "jeAHa npnpoaa" nocxe onanxohersu), 11 OCTaAI1 cy oABojeHM AO AaHac oA rrpaBocAaBHMx y Korrrcxoj, Ernoncxo] 11 IepMeHcKoj l\pKBH. Haz.ajsto ce Aa he, jeAHor AaHa, 130- lKHjOM MI1AOillhy rai cnop 611TI1 pemen M Aa he OHH

7.'5

KOjM ce AplKe XaAKMAOHa - MCTO'IHM npaBOCAaBHM xpmuhann KaO M TpaAMlIMoHaAHH pHMoKaToAHlIH H npOTeCTaHTH yhn y 3ajeAHHlIY Bepe ca OHI1Ma KOjl1 cy oA6alll1AH XaAKl1AOH C 06311POM ua !herOBO TyMa'IeHe cjeAH!he!ha 6m[(aHCKOr VI IoYACKor y jeAHoj AMqHOCTH XpHCTa Harner Iocnoz,a. MeI)YTHM. IIlTa rOA Aa HOCM 6YAynHocT. 'IBpeT eras TIpaBOeAaBH€ upxne je Aa ce cTporo APlKM aarxxccropxjaacxor Y'Ie!ha CBeTor KMpMAa H Tpeher sace.sexcxor cafiopa y Erpecy, BaloaHOCT -lernpror catiopa, C npaBOCAaBHor rAeAHJJlTa, je y TOMe Aa BpAO jacno Ae¢HHl1we 'IH!heHHlIY Aa, [(aAa ce CHH BOlKHjH POAHO xao 'lOBeK OA AjeBe Mapaje, Boropozoiue, HHje llpeCTao Aa 6YAe Eor HHTM ce llpOMeHHO y CBOjOj Boxcaucxo] npMpOAH. AOK je nocrao nOTnYHH M caBpweHH 'lOBeK y CBOjOj OBanAOheaoj J'oYACKOj npMpOAH. )ep caxto cnacea.e 3aXTeBa casprueuo jeAVIHcTBO BmKaHCKor l1 J'oYACKor y jeAHoj AWJHOCTl1 Hcyca Xpl1CTa; jeAI1HcTBO fAe je EOf Bor, a 'IOBel( 'lOBeK, a rAe iora« ABoje nocrajy jeAHo y caapweHOM jeAMHcTBY; 6e3 Merna!ha MAI1 npOMeHe, M 6e3 noxexe Hi\M oz.sajan.a.

Ilap JYCTHHHjaH H

IIeTH BaCeJheHCKH cafiop

Y 6. BeKY, Bl13aHTl1jcKI1 Bi\aAap IycTI1HMjaH xreo je Aa llOTBPAM 'll1!heHl1l1Y Aa cAeA6eHMlII1 catiopa y XaAKI1AOHY 3al1CTa nepyjy Aa je Heyc XPHCTOC osanxoheHI1 CMH 11 Pe-r BOlKMja. jexaa OA CBeTe Tpojnue, >Kexeo je TO Aa y'IHHM npBeHCTBeHO 3aTO Aa 611 ysepao OHe KOjl1 HHCy npl1XBaTI1AH '-leTBpTI1 cafiop Aa OAAyxe AOHeT€ na lb€My HI1Cy nOHOBO YBeAe Hecropnjesy rpewKy. Aa 6H TO ypaAHo Llap je caaaao caoop, AaHac n03HaT xao TIeTI1 BaceloeHCKH ca6op, OAp)l(aH y LlapnrpaAY 533. roAHHe. OH je Aaloe llOCAY)I(MO Aa ce pas]aCHI1 llpaBOCAaBHI1 CTaB y OAHOCY xa mrrarse XPMCTOBe AH'IHOCTH 11 AeAOBalba. aBO cy HeKM OA KloyqHMX TeKCTOBa ca Tor ca6opa:

AKO HeKO cxeamu uspas caMO jeoHa Auuuocm Tocnooa nauiee Meyca Xpucma y CMUCAY oa je

76

mo jeauucmeo MH020 unocmacu (I1AM AI1'IHOeTI1) U aKO notcyuia aa yeeoe Y majny Xpucmosy oee unocmacu UAU aBe AU'fHOCmU, a notumo yeeoe ime AU'fHOCmU 20BOPU 0 jeono] jeouuo] /iuunocmu cauo Y CMUCAY nouunoeasea, CAaB/'oelVa UAU 6020- cAY>Kelba ... (11) u onatoxaea Ceemu xaAKuOOHCKU caoop, usuuuoeajyhu aa je OH «opucmuo uspas (jeAHa I1ITOCTaC I1AI1 AI1'IHOCT) Y OBOM nenotiou(HOM CMUCAY ... anamesta ua toeea.

AKo HeKO He 308e, ca npa8UM npu.xearnaseesa ... ceemy, CAaBHY U YBeK Aje8Y Mapujy, Boeopoou- 110M ... eepyjyhu oa je OHa pOOUJIa cauo 06U'fH02 «oBeKa U oa ce E02 Pen uuie 00 tee oeannomuo ... (11) onatexaea ceemu Ca60p xaAKUOOHCKU axo mepOU oa je AjeBa E020POOU11a y OBOM Heno6oU(HOM CMUCAY ... auameua ua tbeea,

AKO HeKO xopucmehu U3pa3 y oee npupooe He ucnoeeoa oa ce uauc jeouuu Iocnoo J1cyc Xpucmoc noxasao U y 60MaHcKoj U y JbYOCKOj npupoAU, u, mateo 08UM U3pa30M ooesnpehyje pa3AUKY 08UX npupooa cnojenux y seuspeuueou jeounem8Y 6e3 uetuaioa, y «oie»: «umu ce npupooa Penu npemeopuxa y npupoiiy mesa, uumu npupooa ~e/la y npupooy Penu; jep CBaKa je ocmaxa OHO ucmo je U 6UlIa no npupoou, cjeauteenocm je unocmamu-uca (Tj. yjeAHoj AI1'lHOCTM); lJen KOpUemu onaj U3pa3 oa paeoeoiu cmpane ... anamema ua ieeea.

AKO HeKO He ucnoeeoa oa Ham Tocnoo J1cycXpucmoc KOjU je 6uo pacnem y mesy uuje ucmunumu E02 u Iocnoo CAaBe U jeoa« 00 Ceeme Tpoiuue, auamessa ua n.eea.

Aa 6M jorn nmue HarAaCI10 npaBoBepHoeT XaAKMAOHCKor catiopa, lIap )YCTHHl1jaH nanncao je jeAHy cAaBocAoBHY XHlv!Hy xoja ee jour YBeK nesa aa csarcoj 60lKaHcTBeHoj AMTYPfMjl1 Y TIpaBOCAaBHoj lIPKBH. Oaa McnOBeAa Iocnoxa Hcyca Xpl1CTa xao caBprneaor Bora l1 caBpilleHor 'IOBeKa.

[eounopoouu. CUHe U Peuu. Boieuja, tiecupmau CU, a U3BOAeo cu oa ce paau HaLUe2a cnaceioa 08ansomuiu 00 Ceeme E020pOOUl.f,e u Tlpucnoojetse Mapuje, u HenpOMeHJbU80 nocmao cu 'f08eK; 6uo

77

cu pacnem, Xpucme BOJl(e, cuph» cu cstpm campo; Tu cu jehan 00 Ceeme Tpojuue npocsaeroan ca Ouet« u Cf3emUM AYXOM, cnacu Hac.

MOHOTelIlITCKII coop

Y 7. BeKY mrrarse KaKO pa3YMeTIII, Ae¢vlHl1caTI1 11 I1clIoBeAaTI11U1'lHOCT 11 A€AOBalb€ Ii1cyca Xpncra 113a- 311Ba Aa1l>11 pasnop Meny BepHHQHMa. HeKH cy caz, roBOpHAI1 Aa je CHH DO)l(l1jl1, lIOWTO je lIOCTaO 'lOBeK, I1Mao caxro jeAHy aKTI1BHOCT 11 B01l>Y: 60rOQOBe'IaHCKY aKTI1BHOCT 11 B01l>Y OTeAOTBopeHe Pe-ru, OB1111>YAH, na- 3BaHl1, MOHOTeAI1TI1, TBPAl1Al1 cy Aa JeAHa AI1'lHOCT XpHCTOBa 06jeAHlbyje rrpl1poAY Dora l11..J.oBeKa y Hseroaoj JeAHoj AI1'lHOCTW cranajyha 1I>YACKY 11 60)l(aH' CKY B01l>Y 11 aKTl1BHOCT TaKO Aa ce OHe Bl1IlIe He Mory P33AI1KOBaTI1.

Illecrn BaC€1I>eHCKl1 caoop OAp)l(aH je y Llapnrpaz.y 680-681. rOAVIHe. CAeAenl1 Y'lelbe caeror MaKCMMa Ii1crroBeAHl1Ka KOjl1 je 6MO sarsopea W MY'leH 36m caor Y'lelba, YCTaHOB1I>eHo je Aa xao WTO je XPI1CTOC crnapno nOTrrYHo Eor 11 lIOTnYHO Honex, casputeao jeAl1HCTBO 60)l(aHCKOr W 1I>YACKor y jeAHoj AI1"IHOCTM, TaKO Mopa WMaTliI 11 npaBy 1I>YACKY aKTl1BHOCT 11 B01l>Y H rrpaBy 6mKaHCKY aKTI1BHOCT W B01l>Y npeMa cnaxoj OA CBOjl1x lIpl1pOAa 11 Aa Te ABe aKTI1BHOCTl1 11 B01l>e, xao 11 caxre npapoz,c, He rpetia CXBaTI1TI1 xao noneuraHe VI c'ronx.cnc y jeAHo jep ce aa raj Ha'll1H ry6e IbI1XO' Be lIpaBe lIpl1pOAHe KapaICTepVICTI1Ke 11 csojcrsa. OBa 0AAYKa 3aCHl1BaAa ce na 'IMlbeHl1QM Aa je, nOWTO ce OBanAOTMO, Cl1H DO)Kl1j113aAp)KaO y rrOTrrYHOCTI1 CBOjy 6mKaHcKY np.l1pOAY, OH .11 A311>e Mopa WMaTl1 CBOjy oc06eHY 60)l(aHcKY 3KTWBHOCT 11 B01l>Y; W Aa, lIOWTO je rroc'rao lIOTlIYH.l1 "lOBeK y oaanxohersy, Mopa l1MaTI1I1 nyay caspureny 1I>YACKY aKTl1BHOCT l1 B01l>Y; 11 Aa cnaceise 1I>YACKOT poz,a 3aXTeBa Aa pa3AWKa - aAl1 He nOAe1l>eHOCT WAM oABajalbe - l13Me!jy CBaKe nojeAwHe aKTVIBHOCTl1 11 sozce OCTaHe y OBanAoneHOM CrtacnTe1l>y. OBO je jeMH Aeo Aeqll1HMQl1je Bepe ca uiecror cafiopa.

... y Hseuy cy OBe npupooue BO.loe u al3a npupobna oejcmea 6e3 Oe.!belba, 6e3 ueiaaiea, 6e3 npomene u 6e3 ooeajatea, npeMa yeetey csemux omaua. A me aBe npupooue BO.loe HUCY cynpomHe jeona opyeo]

78

(He oao B02!) ... Ben Hseeosa .!byOcKa 130.!ba npamu a/IU He onupyhu ce U He BO.!bHO, Ben euuie xao noopeheua Hsceono] tiowcancxo] U C8eM02ynOj 130JbU .. (. .. ) lep «ao ucmo fbe20BO npeceemo, neoxas.auo, Jl(UIJO meso uuje yuuiumeno jep je 06020mBOpeH.0, Ben je 3aOpJKaAO csoie cmatee U npupooy, maxo u n.eeoea .!bYOCKa BOJba, npeuoa 060Eom80peHa, HUje caesaoana, Ben eutue cauyeana ... Mu CAaBUMO oea npupooua oejcmBa ... y ucmom Iocnooy Hcycy Xpucmy naiaeu ucmuuumou Boey, tumo he petuc 60Jl(aHCKO oejcmno (I1AW AeAoBalbe) U .!byocKO aejcmeo (MAW AeAOBalbe) ... [ep neheuo oonycmumu [eiiuo oejcmso KOO B02a u KOO cmeopetea. (. .. ) Bepyjyhu oa je «auc Tocnoo Hcyc Xpucmoc jeoa« 00 Tpojuue, u nOCAe osansohen.a naiu ucmunumu B02, KaJl(eMO oa oa maoa Hseeoee OBe npupooe cujajy y lbeeosoi jeono] unocmacu (WAI1 AWIHOCT11) Y KOjOj je OH u «yiia 'fUHUO u namtee nOOHOCUO ... (. .. ) 3602 'lew MU UCnOBeaaMO aBe llOA>e U OBa oejcmea KOja ce OOAU'fHO cnajajy y fbeMy paine cnaceiea .!bYO· cxoe pooa.

HI<OHOKlIaCTHQRH coop

Y 8. W 9. BeKY nn ran.e XpWCTOB€ Al1'IHOCTW W npwpoz,e M Aa1l>e je nocrojaxo y pacnpasu OKO nomroaaIba CBeTWX MKOHa y l...lPKBI1. Y TO BpeMe HaWAl1 cy ce MHOfl1, Meny Kojl1Ma 11 QapeBI1 W CBeTOBHW BAaAapl1, KojM cy TBPA)(!AI1 Aa je nourroaaree l1KOHa rrorpeunro jep je TO rpex WAOAaTpl1je. OHl1 cy TBPAl1AI1 Aa, now TO je Eor HeBMA1I>WB 11 y CTap03aBeTHOM 3aKOHY je aanoBeAl10 1I>YAI1Ma Aa He IIp asc ce6w AUKa pe3a1-102, TaKO je norpeiuao CAl1KaTl1 11 nOWTOBaTVI AVIKOBe XpJ1CTa l1 CBeTWTe1l>a. DpaHl1Te1l>l1 nourronaa.a CBerMX VIKOHa, npes.eoheirn CBeTWM JOBaHOM AaMaCKWHOM 11 TeOAOPOM CTYAWTOM, TBPAl1A)(! cy Aa je K1I>y'lHO MeCTO XPI1- IIInaHCKe sepe Aa i\020C nocmaoe meso U nacrnauu ce Meljy nasta 11 Aa 13UOeCMO CAa13Y lbeZOBY (JoBaH 1: 14). n0311BajynM ce na CBeTo lIWCMO, OHI1 cy HaTAaIIlaBa· Al1 Aa Bepa y onanxohen.e Cl1Ha Boxorjer 3aXTeBa lIOurrcsa-se l1KOHa jep je Ii1cyc XPI1CTOC npaan '{OBeK ca npasoxr 1I>YACKOM AywOM 11 T€AOM, a xao TaKaB MO)Ke ce HaCAWKaT.l1. Csiarpaxn cy Aa OHM KOjl1 cy npOTl1B CBeTMX I1KOHa CBoAe onanxohen,e aa "¢aHTa3wjy" J1

79

rropl1'-IY CTBapHY ibYACKOCT CI-!Ha DQ)KMjer Y J-beroBoM AOAaCKY xao '10BeKa. Taxo cy crrOMeHYAM pexa caraor Hcyca Y pasrosopy ca <DVlAl1rrOM.

Petie My r])U/Iun: .Jocnooe, noxamu HaM OI1a, U tiuhe HaM oocma"

J1cyc My peue: "TOAUKO case epeuena C eaua U HUCU Me nosnao, r])UAune? Ko je eubeo scene, BUoeo je OI1a; na KaKO mu 20BOPUut: .Jloxaucu. HaM 0I1a?" (Ioaan 14: 8-9)

DpaHMTeibM McrrpaBHocTM nourrosaa,a MKOHa no- 3V1BaAM cY ce M aa TeKCTOBe arrOCTOAa cscror Iosaaa VI cne'ror ITaBAa:

lllmo tieiae U3 nonemxa, iumo CMO tlYAU, uimo CMO BUOe/lU o-uosa CBOjUM, ucmo caeseoacuo U pyxe Haute onunatae, 0 A020CY »cueoma: U )I(UBom ce jaeu, U suoesu eMO... (1. JOB. 1: 12)

... 602 OB02a ceema ocsenu pasysc neeepnuxa, aa UM He saceemu ceemsocm jeeanhe.ea C/laBe Xpucma, KOjU je UKOHa E02a HeBUOAJUB02a.

(2. Kop 4: 4)

OH je UKOHa E02a neeuavuooea, Ilpeopoheuu npe CBaKe msapu. Iep Hsuue 6u casoauo CBe, iamo je na uetiecuua U tumo je na 3eMAJU ... CBe je Hruxte U 3a Hieea casoauo ... Iep (OmaI1J 6Aa20u3BoAU oa ce y Hseuy nacmauu CBa nynoha. (KOA 1: 15-19)

E02 KOjU je U3 oaeuuue MH020 nyrna U pasuusc HatlUHUMa 20BOpU.0 0I1uMa npexo Ilpopoxa, y OBe nocseinee oaue 20BOPUO je naua npexo CUHa, KOjeea nocmaeu HaCAeoHUKOM CBe2a, Kp03 xojeea je U BeKOBe cmeopuo, OH KOjU je cjaj CAaBe U 06AU'1- je tiuha J-be20B02a U KOjU OP)l(U CBe MonHOM petljy CBOjOM... (lea 1:13)

CeAMM aace.sexcka cafiop Y HMKejVl OAp)f(aH 784. rOAI1He 3BaHWIHO je nporxacno Aa xpnurhancxy Bepy rpefia Vl3HOCVlTVI "pe'lMMa M cAVIKaMa". 11 AOK je pasiaunsaaao CTaB Aa CBeTe VlKOHe Mory Aa ce cxnxajy, Aa MX He rpefia 060)f(aBaTM jep je jeAMHo DOf AocTojaH ofioxcaaan,a, aAM MX rpefia rrOIllTOBaTI1; CeAMVI cafiop

80

je YCTaHOBMO 11 CAeAehe 0 Xpl1CTY Y OAHOCY ua nonrroBalbe I1KOHa:

Mu 'IYBaMO nenpoueteeua CBa I1pKBeHa npeoan.a, nomepheua nUCMeHO UAU YCMeHO, a jeouo 00 IbUX je oa npaBUMO »cueonucna CAUKOBHa U3- otipauceioa. Iloiumo je OBO ca2AaCHO ca ucmopuJOM eeauhencxe nponoeeou U CAY)l(U 3a nomtspoy moza oa ce E02 A020C ucmUHCKU a He npUBUOHO osan.somuo, U CAYJKU HaM na «opucm; jep maxee cmeapu, xoje ysajauuo otijauoeaeajy jeana opyey, 6e3 cyMlbe U ooxasyjy ysajasoio jeona OPY2Y.

Y xacmrja BpeMeHa Y'leiba 0 npasoj 60)f(aHcKoj rrpl1- POAVI VI rtpasoj ibYACKOj rrpVlpOAM I1cyca XpVlCTa cBeAO'1I1AM cy VI 6paHHAH CBeTI1Teibl1 xao IllTO cy: CI1MeOH HOBVI Borocxos (yrapo 1022. r.) VI Ipnropnje ITaAaMa, apxuerrncxon COAYHCKI1 (yxcpo 1359) Y CBOM y'lelby 0 rtpasost OCBeTOBibelbY 11 060rOTBopeibY '10BeKa Kp03 )I<HBY aajez.nmry ca Borcsr Kp03 I1cyca XpMCTa y CBeTOM Ayxy y LlpJ<BI1.

Y XpVlCTy 11 Kp03 XpVlCTa Pe-r ce OBanAOTH, ibYACKa AH'IHOCT MO)f(e ce I1crryHVlTVI AYXOM DO)f<HjI1M VI 6HTVI Y VlCTI1HCKOj 3ajeAHI1l.\VI ca Borosi Ouesr, y'lecrnyjyhn y HeCTBopeHOM 6V1hy, )f(VlBOTY 11 CBeTAOCTI1 ITpe6AarOCAOBeHe Tpoj uue. KaA I1cyc XPVlCTOC He 611 6V10 VlCTI1HI1TM Eor 11 HCTMHI1TI1'-loBeK, TO 611 6HAO HeMoryhe. AAI1 mrje neraor yhe. To je '10BeKOB AO)f(VlBibaj cnaceu,a 11 I1cKyrribelba y )f(VlBOTY Llpxse Xpircrose.

8J

H KOjll je pacrre'r aa HaC y npesre TIoHTlIja TIllJIaTa, 1I crpaaao 1I norpe6eH

1!I3KO l!Ieye Hl1je rpelIllI[O II[ nnje Mopao Aa nocrpaAa II[ Aa yMpe. OH je Ao6pOBOloHO Y3eo na ee6e rpexe CBeTa VI Ao6pOBOloHO npeaao ee6e eTpaA31bl1Ma 11 CMpTVI paAI1 cnacen.a.

To je 6MO 3aAaTaK xojn je OH I1MaO xao Mecnja CnaCVITek:

Ayx je Iocnoaa Boea «a MeHU. jep Me Iocnoo noscasa oa jaBkaM oo6pe 2Aace «pomxuua ... oa saeujei« paieene y cp14Y, oa 02AaCUM sapotieenuMa cAo6ooy U cyxoeusta oa he UM ce omeopumu maMHU14a ... oa ymeutUM we JffaAOCHe ... U oaM UM uaxum ystecmo nenesa, y;be paoocmu YMecmo »casocrnu. (Hcaaja 61: 13)

l!IeToBpeMeHO. XPMCTOC je Mopao TO Aa y'lMHI1 xao Tpnekll[BM cxyra Dora - [axsea.

Ilpespen tietue U o06a'leH usuehy ;byau, 60AeCHUK U BU'1mi tiosccmuua, U «ao jeoaH 00 «oea C13aK saxsan.a AUlfe, npespen oa ea HU 3a tumo He Y3uMacMo.

A OH 60Aecmu Haute HOCU U ueuohu Haute Y3e na ce, a MU MUut/baCMO aa je palbeH, oa 2a E02 6uje UMy'fU.

AAU OH 6u palbeH sa Haute npecmyne, ustiujen sa uatua tiesaxon.a, xap 6eute na n.exty uaiueea ssupa paou, u paHOM lbeZ0130M MU ce UClfeAUCMo.

C13U MU xao oeue 3a/JocMO, CBaKU od Hac ce oKpeHY csojuu nymest, U Iocnoo nycmu na Ib tiesaxotoe ceux Hac.

MY'feH 6u U 3AOCmal3;baH, aAU He oml3opu ycma ceojux; «ao jaetee na saxsan,« 13o/JeH tiu, U xao 013- 14a nujeua npeo OHUM «oju je cmpusce He omeopu yema C130jUX.

00 mecxotie U od cyoa Y3a ce, a ... oopeauiae My epoti ca 3A0'1UH14UMa, aAU na cmpmu 6u c tioeamu-

83

sea, jep He y"UHU nenpaeoe, numu ce nahe npuieeapa y ycmuMa lVeZOBUM.

A/\u Iocnooy 6u BOA>a Oa ea 6uje, U daae ea ua MyKe; Kao nososcu ayLlAy C130jy u npulioe sa epex, euoehe nampaucje, npooy.euhe oane, u uirno je Iocnooy yzoono uanpeooeahe lVeZOBOM PYKOM. Buoehe mpyo oytue csoje U uacumuhe ce; npaeeouu cAyza MOj onpatioahe uuoee cnojuss nosnau.eu, U cara he uocumu tiesaxon.a touxoea.

3a mo hy My oamu. oeo 3a unoee, U CUAIiUMa he OeAUI1W n.seu, jep je oao OYLUy ceojy ua cupm, u 6u uemuym Me/jy ssouuuue, U case 1i0CU epexe MIi02UX, 3a 3AO'lUIiLje ce MOAU. (Hcanja 53)

Ose pe'lw npopoxa 11cawje aanncane BeKOBI1Ma npe XPI1CTOBOr pohea.a rOBope 0 a.erosoj Mecl1jaHCKOj MI1Cl1jl1. OHa je januo OTnO'le1\3 npez, O'lI1Ma CBWX, llierOBI1M KplIITellieM y peL\11 jOPAaHY·

AorryWTajynl1 Aa 6YAe KplIITeH sajez.iro ca rpeWHWL\l1Ma, )1aKO Hl1je l1MaO rpexa, XPl1CTOC je noxasao Aa rrpnxsara CBOj Ilp11311B Aa 6YAe 11 rrOI1CTOBeneH ca rpeWHI1L\VlMa: A>y6A>eliu OA OL\a 11 jaetee Boscje «oje y3UMa ua ce epexe ceema (joBaH 1: 29; Marej 3: 17).

XPVlCTOC rrO'lvlfhe Aa rroY'laBa 11 ouor AaHa y TpeHyTKy KaAa ra Y'leHl1L\l1 nps« rrYT npaaxajy xao Mecnjy Xpucma, CUHa, B02a )J(us02a. XPI1CTOC 11M 0AMax xaace sa CBOj 3aAaTaK Aa lbeMY ea.ea uhu y Iepyca sui«, U MH020 nocmpaoamu ... U ytiuien tiumu; u mpehu oaH oa he ycmamu (Marej 16: 23; Mapxo 8: 29-33). AnoCT01\VI cy TI1Me BeOMa norohean. 11cyc 11M 3aTl1M noxasy]e CBOjy 60)l(aHCKY rrpnpoay rrpeo6pa311BWI1 ce npea llil1Ma y C1\aBY focnOAlliY, ua ropn Tasop, y npl1cYCTSY Moicnia VI 111\l1je. Taz,a 11M oner xaxce: CUH 'Ioseuiu iiuhe npeoau y pyxe A>yocKe; U ytiuhe 2a, u mpehu oan ycmahe. (Marej 17: 12; Mapxo 9: 19)

Ha xpajy ce Cl1Ae 31\a YMHO)l(l111Ie npOTl1B Xpl1CTa:

Ycmajy LIapeeu 3eMaA>CKU, U Klle308U ce cKynA>ajy na Iocnoita U na nouasauuxa teeeosa (TIcaAaM 2: 2). Tpa)l(I1AI1 cy paaxore M ra y6l1jy. ¢OpMa1\Hl1 pa3Aor 6110 je xyxa, ucmo ce mu, «osjex 6yoynu, npasuui E02 (Iosax 10: 31-38). Ay6A> 11 , nate, pa31\0311 6111\11 cy Bl1111e 1\11'lHI1: 11cyc je pexao "'YAI1Ma I1CTI1HY 11 pa30TKpl10 1b11XOBY csojerxaaocr, 6YAaAawTso, AI1L\€Mepje 11

84.

rpex. 360r Tora CBaKI1 rpenrmax, OTBPAHYO y CBOjl1M rpeCl1Ma 11 KOjVl oA611ja norcajaa,e, )Ke1\l1l1 rrpoY3poKYje pacnehe XPI1CTOBO. CMPT Xpl1CTOBa AOIII1\a je OA pyKy SepCKI1X 11 rrOAMTI1'lKI1X soha llierOBor npexrena vs oA06paBafhe Maca; KaA3 je Kajarpa 6)10 BPXOBHI1 CBeWTeHI1K y epeue Ilonmuia Ilu sarna, OH je pacnem sa uac ... u cmpaiiao u noepetien, Aa 611 6110 ca HaMa y HaWI1M cTpaAallil1Ma 11 CMpTl1 xoje CMO paAI1 HalIIl1X rpexosa HaBYK1\11 na ce6e: jep je nsama sa epex cupm (PI1M 6: 23). Y TOM CMI1C1\Y anOCT01\ Flasxe nnure 0 XPI1CTY Aa nocmaetuu 3a Hac npoxxemcmeo (fa1\ 3: 13), lbeea, KOjU nuje suao epexa, Y'lUHU (502 Omau) epexosc Hac paau, oa MU nocmanemo npasoa Boscuja y fbeMy (2. Kop 5: 21).

XPVlCTOBO CTpaAallie 11 CMpT xao nOKopaBalbe OL\Y OTKpJ1Bajy orpoMHy "'y6aB OO)Kjy aa Iberosy TBOpeBI1- Hy. Iep KaAa je CBe 6111\0 rpeumo, rrpOK1\eTO 11 MPTBO, XPI1CTOC nocraz,e rpex, rrpOK1\eTCTBO, 11 yMpe sa Hac -l1aI<O OH cara HMKaAa Hl1je npecrao Aa 6YAe npasaa 11 6Aa)K€HCTBO 11 )l(l1BOT cavrora nora. Ao 're Mepe, Aa ce Ay6",e 11 Hl1)l(e He MO)l(e OTKpl1Tl1 HI1 3aMI1C1\I1Tl1, XpMCTOC je rrOHI13110 ce6e paou Hac /'ayou U paou naiueza cnaceiea. TIOIIITO je 6110 Eor, nOCTaAe 'lOBeK: a rrOCTaBWI1 'lOB€K, nocraae p06; a nOCTaBWI1 p06, l1CKYCVI CMpT VI He caao CMPT, Ben CMpT na KpCTy. 113 Tor HajAy6",er nOHI1)Kefha Bora 1131\a311 Be'lHO Y3AI13afhe -roeexa. OBO y'lelbe je CTOlKep rtpasocxaaae Xpl1lIInaHCKe Bepe 113palKaBaHO YBeK 113HOBa, Ha MHorO Ha'lI1Ha, Kp03 MCTOPl1- jy TIpaSOCAaBHe L\pKBe. To je yqellie 0 noxajaey, jep Ml1 CMO craopeun A3 6YAeMo jeaHo ca Boross. To je Y'l€llie o I1cKyn",elbY, jep ce Ml1l1cKyrrA>yjeMo Be1\l1KOM L\eHOM KpBI1 Xpl1CTOBe (Aan 20: 28; 1. Kop 6: 20).

3amo nexa je y easca ucma scucao xoja je U y Xpucmy Meycy. Koju 6yoynu y 06AU'ljy Bomje», IiUje cuampao sa omustaiee mo tumo je jeona« c Bo- 20M, He20 je ce6e nOliU3UO Y3e8LUU 06/1u'Ije CAY2e (po6a), nocmao ucmoseman fbyauMa u U32/1.eOOM ce uahe xao '1013jeK. YliU3UO je ce6e U 6uo nocAytuan oo cupmu, U mo 00 cupmu na xpcmy. 3amo u Hseea £02 BUCOKO Y30UJI{e, u oapoea My MMe KOje je U3Hao CI3aK02a uueua. Aa ce y MMe Hcycoeo nOK/l.OHU csatco KOAeHO tumo je na »etiecuua U ua

815

3eMkU U noa 3eMkOM; U aa CBaKU [esux npusna aa je Iocnoo 11cyc Xpucmoc ua CAaBY E02a Oua. (<!lI1A 2: 5-11)

Y pa3MaTpalbY XPI1CTOBOr 'IJ.'lHa cnaceisa 11 l1CKyn.eeu.a, nOCTaAO je TpaA]'{~l10HaAHO Aa ce HarAace Tpl1 acrtexra xoja y cTBapHOCTl1 HI1CY paaaaojeua 11 He Mory 6l1Tl1, aAl1 KOjl1 ce y reopnin (rj. y npeACTaBI1 XPl1CTOBOr nocrojaa.a 11 AeAOBalba xao Cnacirrex.a csera) Mory pa3AI1KOBaTI1. TIpBl1 OA OBa Tpl1 acnercra XPI1CTOBOr I1CKYlIl1TetoCKor paA3 je '1l1lDeHI1~a Aa je Mcyc cnacao '!OBe'!aHCTBO npyxcajylur caspureny CAl1- Ky l1 npaxrep toYAcKor )!(I1BOTa I1CnYlDeHor Cl1AOM H 6Aaro,."ahy OO)l(l1jOM.

XPHCTOC - CaBpmeHa CJIHKa JbYP;CKOr }J{HBOTa

XPI1CTOC je oaanxohena Pe-r Boxorja. OH je Y'Il1- Teto 11 Iocnoz.ap xojer je Bor rrocxao CBeTY. OH je OTeAOBtoeIDe casaor a Dora y toYACKOM 06Al1KY. OH je J1KOna B02a «eeuo.oueoea (KoA I: 15). Y lbeMY otiumaea caa nyuoha 60JlfaHCmBa mjeJLeCHO (KoA 2: 9). Oaaj KO BHAl1 Mcyca Bl1Al1 Dora Oua (Ioaan 14: 9). OH je cjaj CAa/le u o6Aw1je tiuna Hseeoeoea (Bora Oua) (Ies 1: 3). OH je ceemnocm ceemy xoja otiacjaea ceatcoea «oeexa KOjU aOJw3u «a ceujem (Ionaa 8: 12, 1: 9). Ol1- TI1 cnacen OA Mcyca Xpl1CTa 3Ha'll1, rrpe csera, 6l1Tl1 npocaehcn I-bl1Me; BHAeTH lbera «ao CBeTAocT, 11 BI1- AeTH CBe CTBapl1 y I-beroBoM cBeTAY. To 3Ha'Il1 n03HaTl1 fa xao J1cmU/iJ (JoBaH 14: 6); H rr03HaTI1 l1CTl1HY y I-beMY·

11 nosuaheme ucmuuy, U ucmuna he sac OCAO-

tioirumu. (Ionan 8: 32).

Kaz,a ce '1OBeK crrace y XPI1CTY, OH cnosaa I1CTl1HY, I1cnYHJ([ CBe OHO lIITO Bor xohe sa CBa Hrerona CTBOpen-a, jep .Bor nanr Cnacarex, ... xohe Aa ce CBI1 mYAI1 cnacy 11 Aa Aoliyy nosnaise l1CTHHe" (1. Tl1M 2: 4). Cnacasajyhrr DO)!(l1jl1 CBeT, Meyc XPI1CTOC otiacjasa BO)!(Hja c raopen,a CBeTI1M AYXOM, AYXOM bmKl1jl1M KOjH je Ayx MCTl1He [(ojl1 HCXOAl1 OA Oua 11 KOjl1 je rrOCAaT y CBeT Kp03 XpI1CTa.

86

AKO Me .It>y6ume, sanoeecmu «oje ap)l(ume. 11 ja liy YMOAumu Oua, U oane BaM 0PY202 Ymeutumeroa aa npetiuea C BaMa nanje«, Ayxa Idcmune, K02a ceem He sto»:« npussumu, jep za He BUOU, HUmu ea nosnaje; a BU 2a n03 najem e, jep C easta npe- 6UBa, U y casta. ne tiumu: (JoBaH 14: 15-17)

A Ymetuume.», Ayx Cnemu, «oea he Omau nocsamu y UMe »io]« OH he Bac HaY'fUmU cBeMY U noocemuhe eac «a eBe iamo BaM peKOX.

OOBaH 14: 26)

A «aoa oo!je OH, AYx Mcrnune, yeeiuhe eac y CBY

ucmuny.: (JoBaH 16: 13)

Aa!(Ae, npBl1 BI1A cnacen,a y Xpl1eTY, jeCT€ 611TI1 H,HMe 110cBeheH l1 cn03HaTH HCTl1HY 0 Dory 11 '{oBeKY rrocpeacrnoxs Ayxa Cseror, Ayxa ];1CTHHe xora Bor Aaje Kp03 lbera OHl1Ma KOjH sepyjy, 0 TOMe CBeAO'Ie CI1l1CI1 anOCTOAa JOB ana l1 Flasxa:

A MU He npUMUCMO oyxa OB02a ceema, He20 Ayxa KOjU je 00 B02a, oa 3HalvIO uimo HaM je oapoeaHO 00 Boea;

tumo U 20BOPUMO, He penusia HaY'feHUM oa kYOCKe Myapocmu, He20 HaY'feHU oa Ayxa CBem02; ayXOBHO aYXOBHUM ooxasyiyhu.:

Iep KO nosnaoe yM Tocnootou oa 6u ea noyuuo?

A MU UMaMO yM Xpucmots. (1. Kop 2: 12-16)

Kojy je (Eoz) npeYMHO)/(UO Y uassa y ceatco] Myopocmu U pastiopumocmu, 063HaHUBUlU HaM majny BO.lt>e ceoje, no 6Aa20BOkefbY cBOjeMY «oje ynanpeo oapeh« y Ibeuy, ea ocmeapeiee nyuohe epeuena, oa ce CBe cacmaeu y Xpucmy, OHO tumo je ua He6y U tumo je na 3ekl/bU."

Menu.: ce oaoe OBa 6Aa200am". oa paC8enV[UM CBUMa y 'feMY je vcmpojemno majue oa eennocmu cakpueene y E02Y ... oa ce Kp03 llpkey caiia 06- 3HaHH ." MH020cmpYKa Myapocm Boucu]a

(Ecp 1: 8-10; 3: 8-10).

87

Xohy, OaKJle ... Oa ce ymeLUe cpLf,a IbUXOBa, oa ce cjeoune y Jby6aBu U y CBaKOMe 602amCmBY nYH02a pa3YMeBalba 3a nosnatee maine B02a U Ou« U Xpucma,

Y KOMe cy caxpueena CBa 6Aa2a npeuyopocmu

U snama. (KOA 2: 13)

A BU ussame nOMa3aIVe 00 C13em02a U suame cae, He nucax BaM samo tumo He sname ucmuny, He20 tumo je sname, U oa HUKaKl3a sai« uuje 00 ucmuue.

ABU, nOMa3albe «oje npuuucme 00 Hseea, y eaMa ocmaje, U neua nompe6e oa Bac UKO y'fU; He- 20 I(aKO Bac mo ucmo nOMa3aIVe y'fU 0 CBeMY, U ucmunumo je U uuje JlaJff, U «ao tumo eac uayuu, ocmauume y IVeMy.

... J1 no moue 3HaMO oa OH npetiuea y Hasta, no ,4yxy xoieea BaM je bao. (1 JOB 2: 20-27; 3: 24)

Ilperaa TOMe, I1pBM BVlA 'lOSeKOBor cnacea,a y XPI1- CTY je crroc06HOCT .[ MOll. Aa ce I3VlAH, n03Ha, aepyje l1 BOAl1 EO)l(l1ja l1CTl1Ha y XPl1CTY, KOjl1 je ]l[cTl1Ha no Ayxy I1CTl1H€. To je Aap nosxax.a 11 MYAPOCTI1 rrpocne'rx.en.a M nocsehen.a. To je CTafu€ y KojeM B02 noyuatsa KaKO cy npopoun npeAcKa3aAI1, a XP14CTOC ncnyano (Hcanja 54: 13; Iepexmja 31: 33-34; JOBaH 6: 45). Taxo ce y Flpaaocxannoj lIpKBVl YAa3aK y cnaCl1TekCKl1 )l(MBOT Llpxse Kp03 KpUlTelbe l1 MMponoMa3allie Ha3v18a ceemo npocsehene (I3l1AM II KfuJ1rY 0 6020CAYJfWlbY)·

[ep B02 KOjU peue oa U3 maste sacuja caem.socm, OH sacuja y cpuusta HaLUUM paou npoceemsetea 3Hate a CAaBe bomu]« Y AULf,Y J1cyca Xpucma.

(2. Kop 4: 6)

XPHCTOC, IIOMHpHTelb QOBeKa H Bora

Apym BI1A XPl1CTOBOr jeAHor HeAekl1BOr 'II1Ha cnacersa -iosexa M u.eroaor CBeTa je OCTBapelbe '10- BeKOBor nOMl1pefha ca EorOM 04eM Kp03 rrpanrrarse rpexo.sa. To 3Ha,{l1, crpor o ysesum, I1cKyrrkellie 11110-

88

xajaise, oCAo6oAMTl1 ce OA rpexa M Ka3He sa Ibera; nocxern jeono ca EorOM.

Iep Xpucmoc, jouc OOK tieoeo ueuohnu, yMpe Y oopeheno epeue sa 6e36oJf(HUKe. lep jeoea he KO YMpemu 3a npaneonuica, a 3a 006po2a MOJf(Oa 6u ce KO U ycyouo oa yupe. AAU B02 noxasyje ceojy AJy- 6aB npeua uaua, lep jotu OOK tieiacvu: epetunuuu, Xpucmoc yMpe sa Hac. MH020 heuo, oax.se, npe 6umu Kp03 teeea cnaceuic 00 enujena caoa Kao CMO onpasoanu Kpl3AJy lbe20/30M. lep Kao eMO ce «ao nenpujames.u nOMupU/1U c B020M Kp03 cMpm CUHa IVe2013a, MH020 heuo ce npe, Ben nouupeuu, cnacmu JffUBOmOM IVe20BUM.

A He cauo mo, He20 ce u xaaAUMO B020M Kp03 Iocnooa «auieea J1cyca Xpucma, Kp03 xojeea caoa npuuucuo nouupeiee. (Pl1M 5: 6-11)

Cm02a, aKO je KO y Xpucmy, HOBa je meap; cmapo npohe, 2Ae, CBe HOBO nocmaoe.

A cee je 00 B02a, KOjU nouupu Hac ca e060M Kp03 J1cyca Xpucma, U xoju HaM oaoe cAYJff6y nouupeu.a;

jep B02 tieiue y Xpucmy KOjU nouupu csem ca C060M He ypa'fYHa13LUU UM zpexe teuxoee, U uemnyeuui y Hac pen noxtupetoa: (2. Kop 5: 17-19)

Flpanrrau.e rpexa je jeAaH OA 3HaKOBa Aa AOAa3M XPMCTOC, Mecuja, xao WTO je npope-reao y Crapoxr 3aBeTY·

... CBU he Me suamu 00 MaAoza 00 BeJlUKOZa, 20- BOpU Iocnoo; jep l1y us« onpocmumu 6e3aKOIVa IVUXOBa, U epexa IVUXOBUX ueh» euuce nostuseamu. (Iepexnrja 31: 34)

XPMCTOC je [arn-e EO)l(je xoje OAHOCI1 rpexe CBeTa, [arn-e xoje je 3aKAaHO Aa ce Kp03 Ibera eBH rpecu MOry OrrpOCTl1TI1. OH je 11 BeAHKl1 npBOCBeWTeHMK KOjl1 HYAl1 caBpllleHY )l(pTBY KOjOM ce '-[OBeK nposmnhyje OA csojnx rpexosa l1l1epe OA CSOjMX 6e3aKOfua. l1eye HYAl1, xao BPXOBHM CBeWTeHl1K, caspmeuy lKPTBY cnor corrcrnerror lKMBOT3, cnoje BAaCTMTO Texo, xao Iarree Boxde, na ApBeTY KPCTa.

89

Iep cme ua mo U n03BaHU, jep U Xpuemoe nocmp aoa sa sac, ocmaes.ajyhu BaM npuuep oa uoeme cmonasia lVeZOBUM;

OH spehan lie ysepahatue Yl3peOOM, cmpaoaiyhu He npehatue, neeo je npenycmuo OIiOMe KOjU npaeeitno cyou.

OH epexe nauce cast usuece na me>ly ceoieu «a opno, oa sa epexe yMpeMo, U sa npaetry JlfUBUMO jep ce lVe2080M paHOM ucuesucme.

Iep 6ecme «ao useyti.oene 013L~e, aAU caiia ce nospamucme Tlacmupy u l.fyaapy oyuca tsatuux.

(1. Dr 2: 21-25)

DpBOCBelllreHI1'IKO npez.asau.e J.1 )l<prsa CJ.1Ha Boxcnjer lberonoxr BeqHOM Ol..\Y onncano je BpAO AeraloHO y f1ocAaHl1l..\l!! cse ror arrOCTOAa f1aBAa J capejJ.1Ma.

OH Y oane 3eMa!l>CK02a »cueoma csojeea ca CUAHUM sanajest U cysaua npuHece MOAum13e u npo- 36e OHOMe KOjU je M02ao oa 2a cnace 00 csipmu, U 6u YCAUUteH 3602 n060JlfHOCmU csoje.

Haxo tieiue CUH, npeKo cmpahatea HaY'iU ce nocsytunocmu, U nOKa3aBWU ce caspuien, nocmaoe CBUMa xoju. cy My noeAYUiHU Y3POK cnacetoa 13e'1- H02a. Hapeneu oiJ F02a Ilpeocoeiumenuic no 'lUHY Mesxuceoexoey. (JeB 5: 7-10)

AAU Kao je ooiuao Xpucmoc, np130C8eUimeHuK 6yoynux ootiapa ... y/Je jeoHoM sa C13a20a y CsemuIVy (He uauun.eny pytcaxta, mj. Tlpucycmtso EOJlfje) ea CBOjOM KPB!I>y ... U3BPUiU13UiU Be'lHO UCKyn.s.etee. Iep aKO KpB japaua U jyuaua U neneo oiJ jYHU14e, KOjOM «aoa ce «pone He'1UCmU oceehyje ux oa 6yoy mesecuo «ucmu, KOAUKO AU he 13UUie KpB Xpucma, KOjU AYXOM [!e'1HUM npUHece ce6e uenoponua Boey, oeucmumu casecm lJauty OOMPmeux aeAa, iJa 6u CJ1YJlfUAU Boey Jl[UBOMe U ucmunumasie.

M samo je OH nocpeouux Hoeoza 3aBema, oa nOCAe lVe20Be cstpmu 3a ucxyns.en.e 00 npecmyna y np130Me saeemy, npU3J3aHU npuue 06enaHO 13e'1- HO HaCAeaCmJ30. (JeB 9:11-15)

90

DpeM3 rrwcMY, qOBeKOBW rpecn W rpecn -urrasor CBeTa orrpOlllTeHw cy M w36pMcaHw )KPTBOM XPWCTO- 130M, npenaaas-ev Hseronor )!(WBOTa, Hieronor rexa W Iberose KPBJ1, xoja je KpB Bosnuja (Anu 20: 28), aa KPCTY. To je l!!CKyn,,,efbe, orxyn, 'rpna-en.e, cxajacau.e 0 'IeMY ce rOBOpJ1 y rrwcMY, a WTO ce MopaAo yq[.1Hl!!TJ1 A3 6J.1 qOBeK Morao rrOCTaU! jeoHo C3 Boron, XPMCTOC je nnamuo iumo ce mopaso n.iamumu ea csem oa ce onucmu U iJa My ce onpocme CBa 6e3aKolba u zpecu (1. Kop 6: 20; 7: 23).

Y McropMjM xpiuuhaucxor yqeIDa nocrojn BeAl!!Ka pacnpasa 0 rrMraIDY KOMe XPMCTOC "rrAaha" aa orxyn CBeTa l!! cnaceu-e qOBe'IaBCTBa. HeKM cy 3aKloyql!!Al!! Aa je nxara H3MeIDeHa banoxy. To je rAeAMIliTe rro KOjeM je haso Ao6MO M3BeCHa .npasa" HaA 'IOBeKOM J.1 IDeroBI1M CBerOM 360r qOBeKOBor rpexa. Y CBOjOj no- 6YHl!! l1pOTMB Bora qOSeK ce "rrpoAao haeoxy" oxioryhJ.1BllIM rra raj Haql1H 3AOM€ Aa rrOCTaH€ KHe3 OB02a csema (JoBaH 12: 31). Xpncrcc AOAa3l!! Aa rrAaTI1 Ayr basoxy M Aa oCAo60Al!! -tonexa lb€rOB€ BAaCTJ.1 )!{PTByjyhn ce6e H3 KPCTY.

ApyrM Ka)!(y Aa XPJ.1CTOC Mopa sa xonexa Aa "nxarn" Bory Ol..\Y. To je rAeAJ.1Il1Te rro KOMe ce XPMCTOna )KpTBa CMpTM na KpCTy TYMaqM «ao ortpanxaaa xaana xoja ce Mopa cnpOBeCTJ.1 Aa 6M ce CH1ll1aO EoJK[.1jl1 rnea aa IoYAe, Bor je 6l!!o yBpepeH 'IOBeKOBl!!M fHeBOM. Iberon 3a[(OH 6l!!o je CpyW€H a Jberona rrpaBeAHOCT ynpehena. L[oBeK je Mopao Aa nAaTI1 rAaBY aa CBOj rpex, npl1MajyhM l1POlll1CdHY Ka3Hy. AAH Ma KOAl!!KO 6J.1AM KaJKlbaBaHl!!IoYAM, EO)l(l!!ja npasaa Hl1je 3aAoBOloeHa jep je lberoaa rrpasAa 60JKaHcKa. 360r rora je Cl!!H BOJKl1jM Mopao Aa OAe y CBeT W npl!!Ml!!Ka- 3Hy kojy cy 3aCAY)!(WAl!!IoYAM. Mopao je Aa yMpe Aa 6l!! Bor A06l!!0 OAroBapajyhe 3aAOBOloeIDe sa YBpeAe xoje My je qOBeK HaH€O. XPMCTOC je 3aM€HMO rrac l!! yMpO sa Hallie rpexe, AajynJ.1 CBOjy KpB xao 3aAoBoloaBajyhy )KPTBy aa rpexe CBeTa. XPI1CTOC je Aao ce6e Y 3aMeHY y Hallie WM€ M yMpO sa Hallie rpexe, npnxocch« CBOjy KpB xao )!(PTBY 3aAoBoloefh3 aa rpexe CBeTa. YMMpalbeM na KPCTY, na MecTY rpelliHor qOB€Ka, Xpncroc je nAaTMO rryHy ueny sa qOBeKOBe rpexe. BO)Kl1jl!! ruen je YKAolbeH. L[OBeKoBa YBpeAa je Ka)!(fheHa. CBeT ce rrOMl1pMO ca Tnopuev.

91

Pacupaaa.ajyhn 0 rrl1TalliY KOMe XPI1CTOC "nxaha" sa '10BeKOBO cnacen.e CBeTI1 Ipnropnic Borocxon je, I' 4. BeKY, I' CBOjOj APyroj Bacxpunso] 6eceAI1 irarnrcao cAeAene:

A cao oa nOZAeOaMO joi« jeoHoM '1U!veHu14Y u 002MY, sanocmas.eeuy 00 MH02UX A1yiJU, aAU no MOM cyiJy BpeOHOM ucnumuean.a. KOMe je nouyhena Kp13 nposueena paou Hac, U saiumo je npOAUBena? MUCAUM na n.seuenumy U cAmmy Kpn nauiee E02a U Tlpnoceeucmenuxa U )J(pmllY.

EUAU eMO 3ap06JbeHU y maMHU14U 3A02a, npooanu paiJu epexa, U npuseajyhu saooeos.cmeo y 3asceny 3a 3/10. Caoa, notumo omxyn npunaoa caMO OHOMe KOjU OP)/(U maMIiU14Y, numau xoue je 080 oamo U 143 K02 pa3A02a?

AKO je 3AOMe, onoa je mo cpauua vepeoa! AKO ns.a-ncauc ootiu]« omKyn xoju He cauo oa oOAa3U 00 E02a, Ben ce cacmoju 00 caM02 E02a, 14 UMa maKO y3BUUiel-IY nsamy sa ceoie HaCUJbe, onoa 6u tiuAO npaso oa Hac eBe eajeinto ocmatsu. na MUPY!

AAu, aKO je E02Y OLjY, numaxt najnpe, KaKO? [ep, nuje Hac OH z.socmae.oao. A 3amUM, no KOM OCHOBY je Kp13 Ibezoeoe jeounopoonoe CUHa otipaooeasa Oua, KOjU nuje xmeo oa npuuu '1aK HU Plcaxa, «aoa ea je omai; (ABpaaM) Jlf.pmI30BaO, Ben je npOMeHUO xcpmey; cmaes-ajyhu OBHa ua stecmo /bYOClce »cpmee (BI1A€TI1 TIOCTalb€ 22),

He euou ce aa 2a je Oma14 npustuo, aAU HU oa je numao sa lbe2a HU oa 2a je mpaxcuo: aAU 3602 oeansoheiea U 3602 moea tumo 'Ionetca Mopa onucmumu O'fOBe'feHU Boe, OH uos«: AU'IHO oa Hac npeoa, HaOB~JaOa mupasuna (mi. haeosa) U npuey-ie Hac ce6u, nocpeooean.eu CBOZ CUHa, a osaj mo U 'fUIiU Y CAaffY 014a, K02a, O'lU2AeOHo, Y CBeMY CAYLUa.

Y rrpaBOCAaBHOM tiorocxoaxy YOIIJIlTe, Mo)!(e ce peIi.I1 Aa ce je3l1K "rrAaTe" 11 "oTKyrra" pa3YMe yrAaBHoM xao MeTacpopl1'-laH 11 CI1M60AI1Y.KI1 Ha'lI1H Aa ce Ka>Ke KaKO je XPI1CTOC Y"I1HI10 CBe lIlTO je HeorrXOAHO Aa ce crrace I1I1CKyrrl1 roYACKI1 POA OA pofioaaisahasoxv, rpeXI' 11 CMpnl, 11 OA rnena EOJKl1jer. OH je "rrAaTI10" He I' HeI<OM 3aI<OHCKOM, rrpaBHOM I1AI1 eI<OHOMCKOM sna-re-

92

lliY, OH je "rrAaTI10" He l)aBOAY KOjl1 je cso]a rrpasa HaA y.OBeKOM 3aA06l1o rrpeBapoM H Tl1paHl1joM. "TIAaTHo" je He Bory OIlY y CMI1CAY Aa je Bar YJKI1BaO y HieroBI1M narn.araa 11 Ao6HO ,,3aAoBoiOellie" OA CBOjl1X CTBOpellia xpos Hscra. "TIAaTI10" je, 3arrpaBO, MOfAM 6l1CMO pehn. caxioj CTBapHOCTI1, TIAaTl10 je Aa CTBOPI1 yCAOBe y Kojl1Ma 11 npexo KOjl1X '{OBeK MO)l<e Ao6l1TM onpourraj rpexoBa 11 Be"LHI1 JKI1BOT yMl1pyhl1 M vcrajylur rrOHOBO y J-beMy y HOBHHY )!(MBOTa (BMAeTI1 PMM -1; 5-8; faA 1: 2-4). YMl1pallieM na KPCTY 11 YCTajalbeM M3 MPTBI1X, Hcyc XPI1CTOC je O'JI1CTI10 CBeT OA 3Aa 11 rpexa. TIo6eAJ10 je basoxa "Ha llierOBOM repeny" 11 "rroA lherOBI1M yeAOBI1Ma". Il.sama sa epex je cupm. (PMM 6: 23) Taxo je CI1H BO>Kl1jl1 nocrao "OBeK 11 Y3eo ira ce- 6e rpexe CBeTa M yMpO Ao6pOBOloHO, CBOjl1M tiesrpelIlHl1M M HeBMHV1M YMMpaCbeM OCTBapeHI1M rrOTnYHO llierOBOM cAo6oAHOM BOroOM a He HeKOM CPI1311'IKOM, MopaAHOM I1AI1 rrpdBHOM norperiou - OH je y,{I1HI10 Aa CMpT yMpe 11 Aa OHa caxra nocrane 113BOP 11 rryT y )!(I1BOT Be'1Hl1. EBO urra ee I' l.IPKBI1 neaa na rrpa3Hl1I< Bacxpcersa, HOBe Tlacxe y XPI1CTY, HOBor Ilacxaxuor Iarn.era, xoie je YCTaAO 113 MpTBMX.

Xpucmoc eacxpce U3 Mpm8UX, Cuphy cupm YHULUmu, U ceusta (KOjU cy) Y Zpo6013UMa )/(UBOm oapoea! (BaCKpCHl1 rponap)

A eBO KaKO ce y l.IPKBM MOAI1 rra 60)!(aHCTBeHoj AWrypruin cseror Bacnxuja BeAI1KOr,

01-1, uaxo npeeennu Boe, [anu. ce ua 3eMA1U U ca A1yiJuMa noucuee, U oeansomueiuu ce oa CBeme Ajene, nOHU3U ce6e ysesiuu 06AU'fje cAyze U nocmaoe ieaua« meAY cuupema natuee, oa Hac YliUHU jeoHaKuMa AUKy CAase Ibeeoce. lep noiumo Kp03 '10BeKa epex yhe y ceem. u Kp03 epex csipm, mo JeOUHopOOHU CUH meo], KOjU je y HapY'ljy Teoe, E02a 14 Oua, 6Aa20BOJle pooumu ce oa »ene, C1Jeme Bozopoouue U Tlpucnohieee Mapuje, nOOBp2HYmu ce 3aKOHY U ocyiiumu. epex meAOM cnojusi, oa 614 OHU KOjU yMUPY Y AoaMY, 6UAU OJ/fUI3A1eHU y caMOM Xpucmy mBOM. OH, »cusehu y OBOM c8emy, oaoe HaM cnaCOHOCHe sanosecmu U, OOBpamU13-

93

UlU uac oiJ 06MaHe uhoscxe, npueeoe IIaC n0311aIVy Tetie, UCmUHUm02 B02a u. Oua, U npusna HaC sa CBOj usasipanu «apoo, uapcxo C13eUlmeHcmBO, ceemu poo.

M osucmuetau Hac SOiJOM, U OCBemUBUiU Hac AYXOM CBemUM oaiJe Ce6e y 3aMeHY cupmu, xoja je Hac, npooane zpexy iJpJffa/la y ponemBY; U cuiuaeucu xpcmo»: y AiJ iJa C060M ucnynu we u cea, noxuoa oKOBe csiprnu: U eacxpce y mpehu oan, U CBaKOM meAY omsopu nym y sacKpcelVe U3 MPmeux, jep He tieuce sioeyhe oa Iocnooap )f(uBoma 6yoe iJpJlfaH y cupmu; OH nocmatte npeuua yupAUX, npeopoheuu U3 sepmeux, OOK ce neaa cujam, cojam, ceiam ... oa 6u 6uo OH caM CBe U CBa, npeeucmeyjyhu y CBeMY.

(Esxapncrnjcxa MOAWTBa xa i\I1TyprMjl1 CBeTor BaCI1Al1ja Bexmcor)

Hcyc, YHHIllTHTelb eMpTH

Tpehx 11 rrOCAeAlbl1 BI1A CrraCI1TelDCKOr 11 I1CKynl1- rerecicor 'iWHa XPI1CTOBOr, je HajAy6lDw W HajonCeJKHI1- jl1. To je ynmnrea.e CMPTI1, YMMpafDeM caxr ora XPl1- CTa. To je npeotipaacea.e eMpTI1 Y 'II1H )I(I1BOTa. To je npe'raapaiee AAa - AyxoBHor cran.a CMpTI1-Y paj EO)l(l1jl1, Ha ra] Ha'II1H Y CMPH! 11 Kp03 CMpT V1cyca Xp)1CTa, CMpT je crsopeua Aa yMpe, Y J-beMY, rcojn je Bacxpcen,e M >KMBOT, 'IOBeK He MO)l(e Aa yMpe, Ben )1(11- B)1 Be<[HO ca BorOM.

3aucma, saucma BaM KaJlieM: Ko MOjy pe« CAyusa U 8epyje OHoMe KO)U Me je nOCAao, UMa »cuBorn Be'1IiU, U He oOAa3U ua cyi), He20 je npetuao U3 CMpmu y »cueom. (JoBaH 5; 24)

· .. fa cam eacxpceu-e U J/(UBOm; KO}U eepyje y MeHe aKO U yMpe, JKUBei1.e.

H CBaKU KOjU mueu U eepyje y scene «ehe yupe-

mu eaeujex.: (jOBaH 11: 25-26)

Xpucmoc je ouaj KOjU yupe, na JOUl U eacspce, KOjU je U C oecne empaHe Boey, KOjU u nocpeoyje sa Hac .. , lep caM yejepeu oa Hac HU cupm, HU JliU130m, HU anhesu, HU noenaeapcmea, HU CUAe, HU caoa-

94

uueocm, HU 6yiJyflHocm, HU BUCUHa, HU iJy6uHa, nurnu. KaKBa opyea I1'lBap «ehe MOi1.u oosojumu 00 ;by6aau Boscuje, soja je y Xpucmy, Meycy Iocnooy naiueu. (PMM 8: 34-39)

.. .Iep y Hiewy otiurnatsa cea nyuoha EOJKaHcm13a meAeCHO. M BU eme ucnYIVeHu Y fbeMy ...

Ilotumo ce C /bUM noepebocme «ptu mete eM, y fbeMY cme U caeacxpcsu Kp03 aepy y MOi1. B02a KO)U Fa eacxpce U3 »tpmeux. kl eac KO}U cme tiuAU MpmBU y 2peCUMa , .. OJ/CUBe eac ca /bUM, onpocrnueusu HaM clle epexe. M36puca 06ae3HU/,}y «oja Hac ceojui« nponucusta onmyscueause u 6eUie npomUB Hac, U y/cAOHU je npUKOBaBUiu je ua «pcm. Pa30pYJKa13UlU (haeoscxa) Ha'1aACmBa U ts.sacmu; JffU20Ca ux jaeuo, notieoueuuc ua /beMY ( .. ) Iep yupecme 11 sauc je »cueom caxpuee« ea Xpucmou y Boey. (KOA 2: 9-15; 3: 3)

To je Y'IelDe IlI1CMa HOB ora 38BeTa, IlOHaBlDaHO YBeK W3HOBa Ha MHOro Ha'II1Ha Y rrpeAafDY IIprcse: y Ib€HMM CBeTl1M rainaxia, nojau.y, 60rOCAOBIDY, I1KOHOrpaqll1jM. XpMCTOBa nofiez,a HaA cMphy 3H8'll1 -roseKOBO ocxofioheu,e OA rpexa M 'IOBeKOBY 1106eAY HaA pofioaan-esr b8BOAY, jep y XPMCTOBOj CMpTW H Kp03 lDY -ronex yMl1pe J.1 paba ce 110HOBO 38 Be'IH)1 JKMB01'. Y iserosoj CMpTI1 rpecn ce Bl1IlIe He 6poje. Y n.eroao] CMpTI1 baBo ra BI1111e He APJKJ.1. Y CBOjOj CMP1'W paha ee no HOBO sa HOBW )l\HBOT M ocxotiaha ce csera lllTO je 3AO, AaJKHO, A€MOHCKO )1 rpeuiuo. JeAHoM peujy, OCAOriaba ce csera !liTO je MPTBO, yMwpynH 11 ycrajylu, noHOBO y Hcycy H ca fDWM,

A npuepeueuo Ma/bUM oa auhexa 13UOUMO Heyca, 3602 cmpaoasea cae ao cupmu, oeeiorauoea CAaSOM U -tatuhy, iJa 6u no tisaeooamu Bomujoj otcycuo cscpm sa CBe ... A notumo cy ma ael1a 00 KpBU 11 steca, U OH najmeuoee nocmaoe mo ucmo aa CMPi1.y campe OH02a IW)U UMa CU/ly CMpmu, mo jecm hanosa, U oa ustiaeu OHe «oju. U3 crnpaxa 00 cmpmu /,}e/lOza »cueoma 6exy potiosu.

(IeB 2: 9, 14, 15)

'15

Ho saucma je Xpuemoc yemao U3 MpmBUX, me nocmaoe npeenau OHUX KOjU ey yMpAU.

lep notumo je Kp03 «oeexa cupm, Kp03 'IOaeKa je U BaCKpcelbe MpmBux. Iep lWO iumo y AoaMY C8U YMUpy, maxo he U Y Xpucmy CBU oscueemu ... A »casau. je csipmu zpex, a CUAa je epexa 3aKOH. A E02Y XBaAa KOjU HaM oaoe notieoy Kp03 Tocnooa uatueea Meyea Xpucma.

(1. Kop15; 20·22; 56-57)

96

Bacxpcerse

H xoja je BaCKpcaO y rpehn AaH, no Ilncny

XPI1CTOC je YCTao 113 MPTBI1X! OBO je fAaBHO y-re!-be XpI1WOaIJCK€ sepe. OHO 'lI1HJ1 cyurrmry upxseaor IIpOrrOB€Aa!-ba, 6orOCAy)K€!-ba J1 AYXOBHor :>KMBoTa. A aKO Xpucmoc uuje ycmao, onoa je npasua nponoeeo natua, na npasua u nepa satua. (1. Kop 15; 14)

Jlpsy OAp)KaHY npoiloBeA y J1CTOPMjJ1 Xpl1WOaHCKe ~PKB€, anOCTOA De Tap IIO'fJ1!-b€;

ibyou J1spau.lbu,u, 'Iyjme pesu OBe: Meyca Hasapehanuna, nosetca 00 E02a nomephena Mep;y saua CUAaMa U «yaecuwa U suauuua xoje Y'fUHU E02 npexo toeea Me/Jy 13aMa, xao iumo U castu 3Hame.

OBo2a, no oopehenos« caaemy U npostucsy Eo»cujese, npeoanoe npuuucme U pykaua tiesaxonu«a npuxoeacme U y6ucme.

Hseza E02 BacKpce, paspeUiuBUIu MyKe cMpmu, jep He tieiue »coeyhe oa 2a OHa iJPJKU.

(Aail. 2; 22-24)

Hcyc je J1MaO BAaCT Aa nOAO)K11 CBOj )Ki1BOT 11 BAaCT Aa fa oner Y3Me.

Sarno Me Omau .lby6u, jep ja »cueom ceo] nasaliteM oa za on em Y3MeM.

HUKO za He Y3uMa 00 uene, He20 za ja cau 00 ce- 6e nOAaJKeM. Bnacm UMaM nOAOJICUmU ea U e.sacm UMaM on em ysemu 2a. OBY sanoeecm npustux 00 Oua ceoea. (JOBaH 10; 17-18)

Flpcsra npaaocxanaov y'leJ-by HeMa HaAMeTaJ-ba y "lKI1BOTI1Ma" M3Meliy nora M Meyea, HM HaAMeTaJ-ba y "BA3eTJ1Ma". BAaCT Boacrja 11 BAaCT Hcycoaa, lKJ180T DOlKJ1jM 11 lKJ1BOT HCYCOB cy jeAHa I1CTa BAaCT M lKl1- BOT. PeOM Aa je Ear noxnrao XpI1CTa, 11 Aa je XPMCTOC IIoAMrHYT CBOjOM conCTBeHOM BOA>OM axa-m CYWTI1HCKI1I1CTY crnap, [ep «ao iumo Omau UMa y ce6u JlCU-

97

Bam maxo oai)« U CUllY aa UMa )fCUBOm y ce6u. (Iosan 5: 26) fa U Omau jeaHo CMO! (JoBaH 10: 30)

Harxacax ITl!ICMa }!a TOMe Aa je Bor rrozorrao XpnCTa cauo jour jeAHoM l!ICTI1"Ie Aa je XPMCTOC Aao CBOj lKMBOT, Aa ra je y nOTnYHocTM noxoaoro, Aa ra je uexor M 6e3 pesepae npexao Bory, Kojl1 My ra je OHAa Kp03 iseroco BaCKpeelbe BpaTMO.

ITpaBocA3BH3 upxsa sepy]c y CTBapHY XpMCTOBY CMpT 11 Y npaso nacxpcea,e. Bacxpcea,e, Me!)YTMM, He ana-nt cavro TeAeCHO nOHOBO Q)KI1BeTli. HM Eaanhex.e HM L(pKBa He y'le Aa je XPI1CTOC xexcao MpT3B, a OHAa 6110AOWKli OlKJ1BII>eH M we Tao OKOAO aa I1CTM Ha'll!lH «ao 11 npe Hero WTO je y6MjeH. JeAHOM pe-rjy, EB3H!)elI>e He xance A3 je aaheo nOMepMO KaMeH ca rpo6a Aa 6>1 nYCTI10 Hcyca xano.se. Aabeo je rrOMepl10 KaMeH Aa 611 OTKPl10 M Mcye Hl1je TaMO (Mapxo 16; Mare] 28).

Y eBOM BaCKpcelbY Hcyc je y HOBOM 11 npOCAaBII>eHOM 06AI1'1jy. Flojaa.eyic ce I1cToBpeMeHo na pa3AI1'1I1- TI1M MeCTI1Ma. Teunco ra je rrperr03HaTI1 (J\YKa 24: 16; JOBaH 20: 14). OH jeAe 11 nn]e Aa 611 noxasao Aa inrje AYX (J\YKU 24: 30, 39). A03BOA>aBa A3 ra AOAl1pHY (loBaH 20: 27; 21: 9). A irrtax ce rtojaa.eyje Me!)y Y'leHI1- 1I11Ma, OOK cy spama 6uAa sameopeua (JoBaH 20: 19, 26). M 01-1 nocma ueeuiu-u» sa IbUX (J\YKa 24: 31). XPI1- CTOC je 3al1CTa nOAl1rHYT, a!\l1 n.erona B3cKpcHyTa A>YACKOCT []YHa je lKl1BOTa 11 6mKaHcKor. To je ""YACKO y HOBOM 06Al1KY nexaor )!(I1BOTa Llapcrna DOlKMjer.

Taxo U edcxpcen.e stpmtsux: Ceje ce y pacnaaAlUBOCmU, ycmaje y nepacnaoreueocmu;

Ceje ce y 6eUl'Iaut/'ty, ycmaje Y C/laBU; ceje ce y l-IeMOnU, ycmaje y CUAU;

Ceje ce meso aYUleBI-lO, ycmaje meno aYXOBI-IO". Taxo je U «anucano: flPBU '1013eK AoaM nocmaae oytua )1(UBa, a nocseineu AaaM ayx KOjU OJffUBAlyje.

AAU nuje npeo aYXOBI-IO, neeo oyuieeno, nomos:

OyxOBI-lO.

Ilpsu «osex je 00 3eMA?e, seu.oa»; Opy2U je nonex Iocnoo ca netia.

Karan je 3eMJbaI-lU, maKBU cy U sesosanu; U «aKaB je netiectcu, maKBU cy netiecxu.

98

11 «ao tumo I-IOCUMO C;lUKY sesuoanoea, mateo heuo «ocumu U CAUKY netiecxoea.

(1. Kop 15: 42-49)

Backpccn.e XPl1CTOBO je npBl1H3 nacxpcen,a uexor 'IOBeqaHCTBa. To je I1cnYibelbe Crapor aasera, no FluCMY rAe je HalIl1CaHO: Iep neheui ocmasumu oyiue MOje y Aoy (r], y lIaPCTBY CMPTI1), numu hetu oamu oa Ceemau meoj BUOU mpy.vetee. (ITcaAaM 16:10; Aan 2: 25-36) Y Xpl1CTy ce caa O'leKl1Balba 11 HaAe ucrryn,anajy: rae mu je JI(aOKa, cupmu, 20e mu je notieoa, Aae? (Ocnja 13: 34)

99

o CMpHI H nacxpceisy Y XpHCTY

JY'Ie paCneT 6ejax C HJHM; AaHaC cxaaven C HlHM.

JY'le yMpex C J-bI1M, AaHac Me oxorseure C J-bI1M.

flpeAajMo J-beMY KOjl1 ce My'l110 11 oner noAl1rao paAI1 Hac ... ce6e, AparOlleH 11 AocTojaH nocez, EO)f(l1jH.

EYAI1MO xao XPI1CTOC, jep XPI1CTOC nOCTaAe xao MI1.

flOCTaHI1MO EO)f(aHCTSa J-bera paAI1, jep OH nOCTaAe -roaex paAI1 Hac.

flpl1MI1 rope Aa 611 HaM Morao AaTI1 6oroe. Tlocra Cl1pOMaX Aa 611CMO ce !-berOBI1M Cl1pOMaIIlTBOM 060raTHAI1.

flpl1XBaTI1 o6AI1'1je cAyre Aa 611CMO MI1 nOHOso ocsojnxn csojy CA060AY.

CI1De Aa 611CMO ce nOAl1rAI1.

Eewe xyuiax Aa 611CMO Kp03 J-bera n06eAI1-

AI1.

YMpe ocpanohea Aa 611 Hac Morao CAaBI1TI1. YMpe Aa 611 Hac Morao CnaCI1TI1.

Baanece ce Aa 611 Morao npnsyha cefiu Hac, KOjl1 CMO PMI1 rpexa naAI1.

AajMo CBe, nOAO)f(I1MO CBe, J-beMy KOjl1 AaAe ce6e xao OTKyn 11 VicKynroe!-be 3a Hac.

Tpe6ao HaM je oaanxohena Eor, Bor xora YCMpTMwe Aa 611CMO MI1 )f(I1SeAI1. Vi Hac YCMPTI1II1e sajez.ao ca J-bI1M Aa 611CMO ce O'lI1CTI1AI1. YCTaCMO rroaoso ca J-bMM, jep y CMpT 6eCMO rypHyTl1 C J-bI1M. CAaBroeHI1 ca J-bI1M, jep YCTaAOCMO C J-bI1M.

HeKOAI1KO xan« KpBI1 06HaBroa 'II1Tasy TBOpeBI1Hy.

Ceemu Tpueopuje E020CA013, Bacxpcue tieceoe

JOO

Yuuiamuhe cupm 3aY13eK u ymphe Iocnoo cy3e ca cnatcoea AUl1a ...

M pehu he ce y ono 13peMe: ZAe, 0130 je Boz uatu, teeea 'feKaCMO, u cnatuhe uac; 0130 je Iocnoo. u.eea 'feKaCMO; paoosaheuo ce u secenuhesto ce 3a cnaceiee lbeZOBO. (Hcanja 25: 8-9)

Xooume oa ce epamusto «a Iocnooy; jep on pasopa, u UCl1eAUne nac, panu, u saeuhe nac.

Iloepamuhe uas« J!fUBOm 00 oea oana, mpehu. oa« noouenyhe nac, u J!fUBeneMO npeo IbUM. (Ocnja 6: 1-2)

OBaKO BeAU Iocnoo Iocnoo: £130, ja ny omsopumu zp060Be eatue, u useeuihy Bac U3 zp060Ba saulUX, napooe MOj ...

M nosuaheme oa case ja Iocnoo, xaa omeopusc zp06013e sauie, U U3BeoeM Bac U3 zp060Ba BaUlUX, napooe MOj... (Ieseicn,» 37: 12-14)

101

Baanecen,e

If KOjH ce Y3HeO na aefieca H cena c AeCHe crpaue Ona:

DOCAe BaCKpCelbd VI3 MpTBVIX Hcyc ee 1l0jdBI'oVIBao I'oYAMMa y nepMoAY oA '-!eTpAeceT AaHa, OOCAe koier ce ysuece Ita He60 U ceiJe E02Y c oecue cmpaue (Mapxo 16: 19; BMAWI1 AYKd 24: 50 11 Aao 1: 9-11).

Baaueceu,e Wcyca Xpncra je 3aBpllIHI1 '-!I1H lheroB€ 3eMal'oCKe MHcl1je cnacen-a. CIIIH EO)l(V!jM CMAa3H C He- 6eca Aa M3BpllIM 3aAaTaK KOjH My je OTal1 Aao; M VICOyHHBWI1 cae, spaha ce Ol1Y xocehn sa YBeK pa!-beHO M opOCAaBl'oeHO '-!OBe'-!aHCTBO xoje je npl1MMO (BHAH HOp. )OBaH 17).

AorMaTcKo saa-reise aaaaecessa je npOCAaBl'oelh€ I'oYAcKe npnpos,e, nOHOBHO cjeAMlbaBafhe 'IOBeKa ca EorOM. To je Y cTBapM, npoaxpaa,e castor 'IOBeKa Y Hel1Cl1pOHe Ay6wHe 60)l{aHcKor.

Ben CMO BWAeAM Aa cy netieca y Ew6AMjVl CHMBOAW'JaH M3pa3 3a HeCTBOp€HO, ireraarepnjaxao, 6mKaHcKo uapcmeo Boucuje KaKO ra je jeAaH CBeTMTem Llpxse uaanao. Pehn Aa ce Weye iJecHuu,oJ;1 EOJICUjOM Y3Hece, KaKO je rcaopno CBeTVI Ilerap Y npaoj xpmuhancxoj npOnOBeAI1 (Aarr 2: 33), 3Ha'IW Ta'IHO OBO: Aa je 06HOBmeHa '-!OBeKOBa 3ajeAHVllja ca Eor'OM, jeAI1HcTBO xoje je, upexia npaSOCAaSHOM yqelbY, AaAeKO aehe H caspuremrje OA ouora xoje je AaTO <IOBeKY y npaofiirrxoj TBOpeBl1HW (Bl1AH E¢ 1-2).

LJ.oBeK je CTBopeH ca cnocotinotuhy Aa 6YAe npu'1aCHUT( EOJlWHCKe npupooe Aa ce jour j€AHOM rr030.B€MO aa arrOCTOAa Ilerpa (2. TIT 1: 4). To je OHO Y'IeCTBOBa!-be y 60)l{aHCKOM, H33BaHO y rrpaBOCAa.BHOM 60rOCAO~ Bl'oy Te03HC (WTO 3H3'IM otioaceise), xoje je aaanccca,e XpVlCTOBO HcrrYHHAO aa 'IOBe'J3HCTBO. CI1MBOAI1'JaH l13pa3 ceiJu C oecne cmpane Oua 3Haql1 yrrpaBo TO, a He Aa nerz,e y CTBopeHOM CBeMHpy ¢H3V1'IKW XPWCTOC ceAI1 ira HeKOM MaTepMjaAHoM rrpecToAy.

I1ocAaHJU~a [enpejmaa rosopn 0 XPWCTOBOM Ba3- ueceisy y CMVlCAY Iepycavnvcxor Xpasra. Eaur K30 IlITO cy npnocaeurrennun W3paMroCKw YAa3wAH y CBemuu-y uao ceemutsaua Aa Bory rrpHHecy )[(PTBY aa

]02

ce6e VI aa HapoA, TaKO je XPI1CTOC jeAl1HH, Be'IHH VI canpurean Flpnocseurreanrc rrpHHeo ce6e na KpCT Eory, He 360r ce6e Betl 360r CBl1X rpelllHVlx roYAM. Kao -rosex, XpI1C'l'OC yAa3V1 (jeAHOM 3aYB€K) y jeAHy Be'IHY M caspuieiry CBeTMlby HaA CBeTMlbaMa: caxro Ilpucycmeo Eoxcuje ua uetiecusca.

... l1Majynu iJaKJle Ilpeoceeiumenuxa BeAUK02a KOjU je npotuao uetieca, l1cyca CUHa Boscujeea ... (leu 4: 14)

Iep rnaxae HaM Ilpeoceeiumeuux mpetiauce: ceemu, He3J106uB, «ucm, oiisojen 00 2peLUHUKa U BUUlU 00 netieca;

KOjU ueua nompe6e, xao OIiU npBOeBeLUmeHUuu oa CBaKU bau npUHOCU »cpmee, «ajnpe 3a ceoje epexe. a nomos: U sa HapOOHe, jep OH 0130 Y'iUHU jeoHoM 3aYlNT( npuueeuiu cauoea ce6e.

A 00 01302a tumo 20BOPUCMO 2AaBHO je: MU UMaMO maseoea Ilpeoceetumenuxa, KOjU ceae C oecue cmpaue npecmo.sa BeAU'iaHCmBa ua netiecuua, CIJeUlmeHocAYJf(umeA> Csemuiee U ucmuncke cxuuuie, KOjy nocmaeu. Iocnoo, a He '1013eK.

(lea 7: 26-27; 8: 12)

A OH, npuueeiuu jeoHy »cpmey 3a epexe, 3aYBeIC ceoe C oecHe cmpaHe EOM,

«exajyhu oa;l:>e OOK ee He nO;WJI(e nenpujames.u /tJe20BU au noanoscje H02Y lbe20BUX.

(Ien 10: 12-13; TIcaAaM 110: 1)

TaKO ce sasnecea-e XPI1CTOBO BI1AM «ao DpBH '10- BeKOB YAa3aK y 60)l{aHCKO npocxaa.eeise sa xoje je npB06HTHO crnopen. Taj YAa3aK ee oxiorvhaaa Y3AHfHyheM 60)l{aHCKOr CI1Ha KOjH je cmuao y I'oYACKO TeAO y caspuieuo» rrpeAaBaH>Y Bory,

lep Xpucmoc He yhe y pYKomSOpeHY CBemUIbY, «oja je npebotipasau ucmuncxe, He20 y casto He6o, iJa ce caiJa nojasu npeo AUl1eM BW/fUjUM paou Hac. (leB 9: 24)

103

Ilocneztn.n cy,n,

H KOjH he one r ,lI;OnH ca CJIaBOM ,lI;a CY,ll;H )l{HBHMa M MpTBHMa

Gea] Mcyc KOjU ce 00 Bac ysuece ua uetio, mateo he ucmo oohu «ao tumo ea euoecme oa OO~la3U na «eeo. (Aan 1: 11)

OBe pe'lM ynyTMAM cy aHl'jeAM arrOCTOAMMa KaAa cc Iocrtoz, sasaeo na netio. XPMCTOC he nOHOBO AohM y CAaBVI, He 3602 epexa He20 sa cnacetee OHUX KOjU ea 'teKajy (JeB 9: 28),

Iep he cast Iocnoo ca sanoeeiahy, 2AacOM apxaHhesa u ca mpytios« EOJlCujOM, cuhu c netia, u npeo he Mpm13U y Xpucmy sacxpcnymu. A nomosi MU Jl(U6U KOjU ocmaneuo tiuhevu: sajeano c IbUMa Y3- neceuu ua otisauuua y cpemeu.e Iocnooy y Ba3iJyxy, U mateo hevu: ceaeoa c Tocnooou 6umu,

(1. COA4: 16-17, Anocrox, rj. arrOCTOACKa noCAaHMQa, KOjM ce 'lMTa ua npaBocAaBHoM onez.y)

AOAa3aK Iocrroxa na xpajy CBMX BeKOBa 6Mhe CYAibM AaH, AaH Iocnoxu,», npeACKa3aH y CTapOM aaneTy 11 KOjM je caM Hcyc npopeKao (anp. AaHVlAo 7; Marej 24), Ta4Ho npexte xpaja HMje npeacsasano, -rax HM OA crpane Hcyca, TaKO Aa 6M toYAM YBeK 6I1AM cnpeMHM HenpeKMAHMM 6AefDeM 14 Ao6pMM AeAMMa,

Kao MeTMHa 14 CBeTAOCT, XpMCTOe je eaMMM CBOjMM npl1CYCTBOM eYA csery. Y TOM CMMCAy CBMM toYAMMa M 'lMTaBOM CBeTY ce Ben CYAM MAM, Ta4HMje, OHM Ben )KI1Be Y nyaoluc npMeYCTBa OBe eTBapHOCTM - Xpncra M lberOBMX AeAa - KojMMa he I1M ce na xpajy CYAMTM. CaA KaAa ce XPMCTOC 06jaBMo neva auure HMKaKBor irsronopa aa He3HaJ-be VI rpex (JoBaH 9: 39),

OBAe je norpefiao HanoMeHy.TM Aa he aa nOCAeAfDeM CYAY 6MTM OHMX C AeBe cmpane KOjM he OTMhM Y oeai« Be'iHU KOjU je npunpae+en ljaBoAY U aH!jeAuMa lbe20BUM (Mare] 25: 41; OTK 20). 3a TO HHje Bor KpI1B. To je caxro -roaeicoan KpMBHQa, jep KaJ(Q '1yjeM OHaKO

104

cyouse, U cyo je MOj npaeebau, xaxce Iccuoz, (JoBaH 5: 30),

Iocncsy l-IujeMuAa cwpm 6e36oJl(HUKa (je3eKHto 18: 22). OH xohe oa ce C13U MyOU cnacy U oa iJo!;y y n03Ha/-be ucmuue (1. TMM 2: 4). OH 4MHI1 CBe WTO je y HieroBOj MOIm Aa cnaceu-e H Be'lHI1 )KI1BOT 6YAY MoryhH I1 AOCTynHM CBMMa, He nocroin HHIliT3 BMIlie WTO Eor MO)Ke Aa y'IHHVI, CBe caAa saBMCH OA '!OBeKa. AKo HeKH ,bYAH oA6Mjy Aap )I(MBOTa Y 3ajeAHMQH ca Borov, [0- cnoz, MO)Ke carao Aa YBa)l(M OBO oA6HjafDe H Aa nourryie CAo6oAY CBOjHX c'rsope-ea xojy MM je OH caM Aao VI ](0- jy xehe Y3eTM aarpar, Eor AonywTa toYAHMa Aa )I(HBe ca hasosou U /-be208UM auhesusca aKO OHM raxo )I(eAe. YaK 14 Y OBOM€ OH je nyu toy6aBH 11 rrpaBeAaH. Iep aKO EO)KMje npHcYCTBO, xao cease KOjU cnas-yje (jeB 12: 29) H xao ceemsocm uenpucmynua (1. TMlvI6: 16), xoja ycxirhvje OHe ](OjM ra BOAe, crsapa caxro MP)I(I-bY M nexaroAHOCT y OHMMa KOjI1 He O'leKY)Y c Jby6aBMY AOAa3arc Ibeeots (2. TMM 4: 8), He rrocrojn HHWTa UlTO 6H Ear MOrao Aa y'-lHHH ceM Aa rrOTnYHO yHl1IliTM csoja rpellIHa CTBOpefDa, HAM Aa YHI1WTM cefie. AAM EoI' he nocrojaTM M A03BOAHne 11 CBOjHM CTBOpel-bMMa Aa rrocroje. 11 uehe aaysex C3KpHTH csoje i\HJJ;e,

Y'-!elhe 0 Be'-!HOM rraKAY He SHa'!M Aa Bor aK'I'HBHO MY4H toYAe HeKMM H30na'leHI1M M raAHMM cpeAcTBMMa, To He 3Ha'-!M Aa 50r ~HBa y 1<a)K}-baBalbY M 60AY CBOjHX toYAH, xoje BOAH. HVITH 3Ha'lM Aa ee 501' OAeAHO OA csor xapoz,a, H3a3l1BajytlM na Taj Ha4MH KOA !-bMX CTpax (jep y CTBapM aKO toYAH vrpae Bora oABaja!-be 6M A06po AOIliAO H He 6H 3a3HpaAH OA u.eral), To 3anpaBo 3HaCIH Aa Ear M AaA>e AonywTa CBMM toYAI1Ma, CBeQMMa 14 rpeunnnuoaa nOAjeAHaKo, Aa nocroje 3ayBeK. CBM cy nOAH[Hy.TI1 H3 MPTB"'X Y Be4HM )KHBOT:

M usahu he OHU KOjU CY '1UHU/IU ootipo y BacKpcelbe JKUBOma, a OHU «oju cy 'lUHUAU 3AO Y BacKpcelbe cyiJa.{JoBaH 5: 29) Ha xpajy Bor he 6MTH CBe y cBeMY (I. KopHHnaHMMa 15: 28). 3a OHe [(OjM BOAe Bora nacxpccn.c M3 MpTBMX M npHcyc'l'Bo EO)Kje 6Mne paj. 3a OHe KOjl1 Bora MP3€ BaCKpcelbe M3 MpTBHX H npHCyCTBo EO)KHje 6Mne naxao. To je Y'l€fDe CBeTMX oraua.

JIocmoju ceem nocm nacmasa sa npaeeone, U n.en OPY2 je paoocuo oOYUle8Melbe. A Cl3emAOCm npaneouux je eeuna.:

105

CaMO jeoHy csemsocm oa usbeeneuo - OHy xoja je nAOO JKa/WCHe eampe ...

lep [a 3HaM Bampy npo-uuuhetea, xojy je Xpucmoc oouiao aa nycmu Ha 3eMmy, U OH CaM na- 3BaH je Bampa. OBa eampa oimocu eBe uimo je ssamepuja.sno U 3AUX ceojcmaea, U ltJy OH xohe oa pacn.sasica C130M Cfia20M ...

3HaM U sampy xoja He «ucmu, Ben je OCBemHU'1Ka ... xojy OH cuna ua eBe zpeuotuxe ... OHY KOja je npunpeu.eena 3a haoosa U teeeoee aHryeAe ... OHY KOJa nomuue 00 .suua TOCnOOHJe2 U «oia he cna.sumu CBe nenpujames-e Hseeoee ... HeY2aCUBY eampy xoja je ... sa onaxe eeuuma. Iep eBe 0130 npunaoa CUAU «oja YHULUmaBa, uaxo 6u HeKU MOJKOa BULUe 130AeAU aa, «a« U na OSOM uecmy, 3ay· 3My MU/LOCpOHUjU cmae 0 OBOj sampu, ooemojHo OH02a KOjU KaJKHJaBa.

(CBeTl1 Ipnropnje Borocxo»)

OHU KOjU ce uahy y TeeHU 6une KaJKltJeHU 6U'1eM J'oy6aBU. KaKO he oKpymHo U 20PKO 6umu My'1elbe my6al3u'lep OHU KOjU cxeame oa cy 2pelUUAU npomUB Jby6aBu noouoce MyKe cmpaiuuuje 00 OHUX U3a3BaHUX uajechuss My <felbeM. Tyea «oja sapotiu. cpue xoje je 2peLUUAo npomue my6aBu 60/1Huja je 00 CBaK02 OpyZ02 60Aa. Huje npaso pehu oa cy 2pe· ur.HUl1U y naKAy AULUeHU J'oy6aBu EOJKuje ... AAU /by6aB oeAyje ua aea pa3AU'1Uma nauuua, KaO namtoa na npexopene, a sao paoocm na 6AaJKe· fie. (cnern Hcax Cnpnjau)

TaKO, '10BeKOB TIocAeA1D11 CYA 11 se-n-a cYA6l1Ha saBI1Ce jeAMHo oA rora Aa Al1 je I1AI1 Hl1je '10BeK BOAeo 130ra M CBOjy 6pahy. 3aBMCI1 OA rora Aa AI1 'iOBeK BI1- uie BOAI1 CBeTAOCT OA TaMe· l1AM TaMY BI1IIle OA CBeTAOCTI1. 3aBMcM, MOrAI1 6Y1CMO pehn, OA rora Aa AM '10Bel( BOAI1 I1AM He BOAYI caMY foy6aB YI CBeTAOCT; BOAI1 AI1 I1AM He >KMBOT . Kojl1 je caM Eor: 130r oojaBloeH y TBopeBMHH, y CBYlM CTBapI1Ma, y naiscan.e« oo tipahe.

YCAOBYI Flocxeaiser cyaa aeh cy noaaam, CaM XpL1' CTOC I1X je l13Ao)KL10 caBpilieHO jacno.

106

A «aoa oohe CUH 'Ioeenuju Y csaeu CBOjOj u CBU ceemu aHrye/lu ca /bUM, maca he cecmu «a npe· cmo CAaBe csoje.

11 catipahe ce npeo HJUM CBU napoou, U pa3AY' 'tune UX u3Meljy ce6e xao nacmup tumo pas syey]« 0811e 00 japaou.

11 nocmaeuhe 0811e c oecne cmpane ceiiu, a japao C/leBe.

Taoa he pehu LIap OHUMa ucmo My cmoje c deCHe cmpaHe: .Xoirume 6Aa20CAOBeHU Oua uojeea, npuuume llapcmso xoje BaM je npunpeMJ'oeHO 00 nocmaiea enema.

Iep oesaouex, u oaoocme MU oa jeaeM; osceonex, U nanojucme Me; cmpanau 6ejax, U npustucme ue:

Ha2 6ejax, U ooenycme Me; tiosecmas 6ejax, U nocemucme Me; Y mauuuuu tiejax, u oohocme sieNU.))

Taoa he My 0020130pumu npa13eOHUl1U 20Bope· hu: .Jocnooe, xaoa me euoecno esahua, u uaxpaHUCMO? l1lcu JKeOHa, U uanojucuo? Kao /IU me euoecuo cmpauua, U npuuucuo? l1Au uaea, U ooe· IiYCMO? KaOAU me BuoeCMO 60AeCHa U/1U y maMHU· l1U, U OOryOCMO metiu?"

11 ooeoeapajyhu Llap pehu he UM: ,,3aucma BaM KaJKeM: Kao Y<fUHUCme jeonone 00 OBe stoje HajMaltJe tipahe, MeHU Y'1UHUcme:'

Taoa he pehu U oHUMa tamo My cmoje c AeBe cmpaue: "l1oume 00 scene npoxsemu y oeate eeuIiU KOjU je npunpae.een ljaBOAY U aH~eAUMa ieeeoBUM.

lep oenaouex U He oaoocme MU oa jeoes« osceouex U He nanojucme Me;

Cmpanau. 6ejax, U He npumucme Me; Ha2 6ejax, U He ooeuycme Me; tiosecman U y mastuuuu 6ejax, U He nocemucme Me."

Taoa he My ooeoeopumu U OHU eoeopehu: .Jocnooe, Kao me BuoeCMO esaona UAU »ceoua, UAU cmpauua UAU naea, UAU 60AeCHa UAU y maMHU· l1U, U He nocsyxcucuo mu?"

Taoa he UM ooeosopumu eosopehu: ,,3aucma BaM xasceu: «ao He Y'luflucme jeolioMe 00 OBUX HajMaItJUX, HU ueuu He ywunucme"

107

M OBU he omuhu y MyKy Be'my, a npaneonuuu y JKUBOm Be'iHU.

(Marej 25: 31-46; [enaxhex,e y Meconycrry HeAeIbY, npeA L[acHM nocr)

XPI1CTOC je ra] "OjM he CYAMTM, He Bor OTa11. XpnCTOC je rrpMMMo BAaCT Aa CYAM jep all. je CUll. Hone-ucju (JoBaH 5: 27). Taxo, -rosexy M cBeTY xehe CYAI1TM Bor "KOjl1 ceAM na 06Aa"Y", seh Onaj "ojl1 je 3aMCTa -ronex, Onaj KOjM je nOAH eo csaxo ncxyutca.e oaora CBeTa 11 nojasxo ce xao n06eAHI1K CBeTY he CYAI1TIoI OH KOjH je 101 cav 61010 rAaAaH, )!{eAaH, CTpaHa11, nar, y 3aTBopy, paisen, a MTIaK cnacea.e CBlU. Kao Oxaj KOjH

J08

je 61010 pacrreT, XPMCTOC je C npasosr 3aAo6101o BAaCT Aa CYAM jep cawo je OH, "ojl1 3Ha Ay6MHe II>YACKe Hecpehe rro BAaCTI1TOM I1CKYCTBY, 6110 caBpweHo TIOCAyIIIaH cxyra 011Y.

Koju he oamu CBaKOMe no Oe/LUMa lVeZOBUM:

JKUBOm Be'1H.U OH.UMa KOjU ucrnpajuotuhy y 00- 6pUM Oe/LUMa mpaike C/LaBY U «acm U tiecupmnocm;

a japocm U euee OHUMa KOjU ce ynopuo npomuBe ucmuuu a noxopasajy uenpanau.

HeBOA>a U myza ua cBaKY aymy «oeexa KOjU «uHU 3AO ...

a CAaBa U uacm U MUP CBaKOMe KO 'iUH.U ao- 6po ... jep E02 He eseita KO je KO.

[ep xoju 6e3 3aKOH.a caepetuuuie, ties Baxoua he U useuuymu; a KOjU noo 3aKoHoM cazpeusuiue, no 3aKoHY he ce ocyoumu:

[ep nucy npatieonu npeo E020M OHU KOjU CAyutajy 3aKOH., ueeo he ce onpaeoarnu OHU KOjU ucnyteaeajy 3aKoH. (Pl1M 2: 6-13)

109

~apCTBO Boaorje

lherOBOM IJ;apCTBY nehe 6I:1TI:I xpaja l-lcyc je uapcxn CMH AaBI1AOB, KOMe je axbeo na pohen.y rrpopeKao:

OH he 6umu 8eAUKU, U naseahe ce CUH Ceeeuuaeeea U oahe My Iocnoo DOe npecmo Aa13uoa oua teeeoea. M uaposahe Hao OOMOM IaxoeroeBUM naeex, U u,apcmsy teeeoeou nehe 6umu «paja. (J\YKa 1: 32-33)

CBOjMM CTpaAalDl1Ma, xao XPMCTOC, OH je 3aAO- 6110 Beql1TI1 noxoacaj l\apa 11 rocnOAapa HaA CBOM TBopeBMHOM. Iloc rao je E02 Hao 60<?013UMa U Tocnooap Hao eocnooapuua, AeAenl1 OBO I1Me ca CaMI1M Bor ov Ouev (TIoHoBlbeHM 33KOHl1 10: 17, AaHMAo 2: 47; OIl< 19: 16), xao qOBeK, J.1eyc XPI1CTOC je Llap y L(apCTBy EO)l(l1jeM.

XpMCTOC je Aowao 11'3 caxro jeAHor pa3Aora, a TO je Aa EO)l(Mje Llapcrao AOHece IbYAI1Ma. Iberose npBe jasne peqH cy yrrpaBo OHe xoje je M3rOBopHO H iseroa Hperexa, JOBaH KpCTMTelb: Iloxajme ee, jep ce npU6AUJlfUAO Llapcmeo He6ecKO. (Mare] 3: 2; 4: 17)

TOKOM 411'TaBOr csor )l(MBOTa XPI1'CTOC je roBOPMO

o l\apcTBy. Y npOnOBeAI1Ma, xao WTO je Ilponoscz, ua [OpVI, VI Y MHorViM npn-iaraa OH roaopir 0 BeqHOM l.(apcTBy.

EAaJlfeHU cupouaucuu OYXOM, jep je ItJUXOBO llapcmtso netiecxo.

DAaJlfeHU np02HaHU npaeoe paou, jep je IbUXO- 130 Llapcmno netiecxo.

AKa, oaxse, KO YKuHe jeoHY 00 oeux najuamux sanosecmu, U nayuu. maxo .Ioyae, naseahe ce HajMaltJU y Llapcmny He6eCKOMe; a KO U3SputU U Ha~ yuu; maj he ce BeAUKU uaseamu y llapcmey netieCKOMe.

Heeo utumume najnpe Llapcmeo Boseuje, U npaeoy lbe20SY, U 0130 he BaM ce eBe oohamu.

110

Hehe CBaKU KOjU MU 20BOPU: Iocnooe, Iocno de, yhu y llapcmtio nebecxo; HO KOjU meopu 130.loY Oua taojeea KOjU je ua uetiecuua. (Mare] 5-8)

[OPYWJ.I'IMHO 3P}IO, xsacau, AparOl1eHI1 6l1cep, 113- ry6lbeHl1 HOB'Il1'n, 6Aaro y nOIbY, pM6apCKa Mpe)l(a, CBaA6eHH nHp, r036a, Oxesa xyha, BI1HOl'paA ... CBe cy TO anaun uapc'rna xoje je XPI1CTOC Aowao Aa npnaece. A aa CBOjOj Ilocxcz.isoj Be4epVI ca Y'leHl1'l1HMa OH 11M OTBopeHO Ka)l(e:

A BU cme OHU xoju erne ce oop uca.s u ca MHOM y uCKyutel-bUMa MOjUM.

M ja eaua saeeiumaeau llapcmoo xao uimo Omaa MOj MeHU saeetuma,

oa jeoeme U nujeme 3a MOjOM mpne30M y llapcmey MOMe, U oa ceoume na npecmo.iuua U cyiiume Had onanaecm n nestena M3paU.IoeBUX.

(J\YKa 22: 28-30; -nrra ce aa EA€HVljy na BeAI1KVlqeTBpTaK)

L1apCTBO XPI1CTOBO nuje 00 OS02a enema (JoBaH 18: 31). Taxo OH Ka)l(e f10HTMjy TII1'AaTY, xaz,a, nolIITO cy ra MCMejaAM xao uapa, y CBOM nOHM)l(eIbY OTKPl1'B3 CBOj rrpaBl1 noxoxcaj 60)l(3HCKOf BAaA3pa. Llapc rso EO)l(l1je, KOjl1M he XPl1CTOC rocrroAapVlTI1' Aonl1 he ca CHAOM ira xpajy apexrena KaAa Iocuoz, ncnyxn CBY TBOpeBI1HY VI 6YAe 3al1CTa CBe u y CBeMY (KOAO 3: 14). Llpxna, xoja je y npaBOCAaBHOM Y4eIDY norryxapno Ha3MBaHa Llapcrno EOJKHje na 3eM1b11, ira rnjaucrueu Ha'll1H Ben V1Ma TO I1CKYCTBO. Y L1pKBM, XPI1CTOC je Ben rrpl13HaT, lbeMY ce CAY)l(11 11 CAaBe ra xao jeAVlHor l1apa 11 rocnoaapa: a Hseros CBeTH Ayx, «ojer cy CBeTI1Telb11' L\pKBe 113jeAHa4V1AVI ca Llapcraosr EO)l(l1jVlM, Ben je AaT CBeTY y L\pKBM Y rryHOj MI1AOCTI1 H CVlAI1.

Llapcrso EO)l(Vlje je, y TOM CMMCAY, EO)l(aHCKa CTBapHocT. To je cTBapHocT EO)l(Vljer npl1cycTBa Met.Jy IbYAI1'Ma Kp03 Xpl1CTa H Caer or Ayxa. fep Llapcmeo Boxcuje je ... npaneonocm U MUP u paoocm y Ayxy CBemOMe. (PHM 14: 17) Llapcrao EO)l(I1je je xao AyxoBHa, 60>I<aHCI<3 CT8apHocT A3ra XPMCTOM IbYAVIMa y L\PKBI1. Kp03 CBeTe raine sepe OHO ce CAaBH VI

III

y lbeMY ce ysecrayjc. OHO ce CBeAO'l11 y rrI1CMY, cafiopl1Ma, KaHOHI1Ma 11 npexo CBeTI1TeA>a. OHO he nocraTI1 cseonurre, nocxearea KOCMI1'-!Ka crnapnocr aa neAOKyrrHY TBopeBJlLHY aa xpajy BeKOBa KaA XPI1CTOC Aoi')e y CAaBI1 Aa rrYTeM Cae ror Ayxa C060M I1crryHI1 CBe CTBapl1, Aa 611 Bor Morao Aa 6YAe CBe u Y cBeMY (1. Kop 15: 28).

112

My ,l1,yxa Cnerora, I'ocnona, }l{IIBOTBOpHora,

KOjH 0/1, Oua HCX0/1,H,

Koja ce ca Onex II CHHOM 3aje/1,HO nourryje H 3aje/1,HO CJIaBH,

KOjH je rOBopHO Kp03 npopoxe

CBeTI1 Ayx, sajexao ca Boroxi Ol1eM 11 XPI1CTOM CI1HOM, HOCI1 I1Me Iocnoa. OH je Ayx bmKl1jl1 11 Ayx XPI1CTOB. OH je ae-ian, HeCTBopeH 11 60)l(aHCTBeH ynexnocrojeha ca Ol1eM 11 CI1HOM, HerrpeKI1AHO rrourrosaa 11 CAaBiI:>eH ca IbI1Ma y jeAI1HcTBY CBeTe Tpojnue.

MCTO xao J.1 KOA CJ.1Ha, HI1KaAa HJ.1je nocrojaxo speMe KaAa HMje 611AO Caeror Ayxa. Ayx je rrpe TBOpeBJ.1- He. OH J.1CXOAJ.1 OA Oua, xao J.1 CI1H, Y 6e3BpeMeHoM, Be'-!HOM 113Aa)l(e1bY. ON UCXOOU 00 Oua y Be'-!HOCTM, y 60)l(aHCKM TpeHYTHOM J.1 HerrpeKJ.1AHOM TOKY (Ionaa 15: 26).

Ilpasocxanuo y'-!elbe J.1CrrOBeAa Aa je Bor OTal1 ne-rHJ.1 113BOP M I1CXOAI1Il1Te Ayxa, xao IlITO je J.1 I1CXOAI1- IlITe CI1Ha. Hnax, L(pKBa npxanaje 11 TO Aa ce Ha'lI1H Ha KOjl1 OTal1 MMa 11 na KOjJ.1 Aaje Ayxa 11 CJ.1Ha pa3AMKyjy rro TOMe IlITO je CI1HOBiI:>eBO pohetee APyra'-!l1je OA ucxohetea Ayxa 11 saseha J.1AJ.1 poheiea CI1Ha. 3a Hac je AOBOil:>HO Aa BJ.1AJ.1MO Aa nocrojn pa3AJ.1Ka M3- Mei')y 60)l(aHCKMX AM'-!HOCTI1 M AeAOBalba CMHa M Ayxa y OAHOCY aa Oua, xao 11 IbI1X CaMJ.1X 11 npezea CBeTy. HeorrXOAHO je AaA>e HarrOMeHYTI1 Aa ce CBe pe-nt M nojaosn 0 Bory M 60)l(aHCKOM, YKiI:>y'-!yjyhM M OHe o ucxohesey J.1 pohetey, Mopajy nosyha npez, MJ.1CTI1'IKOM CAJ.1KOM rtpase Bozcaacxe CTBapHOCTJ.1 xojy J.13pa»casajy, foYAJ.1 Mory HeKaKO Aa CXBaTe bora, nourro je OH OAAy'-!110 Aa ce noxaxce. Mei')YTJ.1M, cyurrnaa Iberoaor Tpojezjraor 6MTMja ocraje - 11 YBeK he OCTaTI1 - CYIllTJ.1HCKJ.1 HerrojMA>J.1Ba 11 Hel13pel1J.1Ba CTBapHI1M YMoBMMa 11 YCTI1Ma. To He 3Ha'lJ.1 Aa cy pexa 0 Bory 6eCMI1CAeHe. To caxro 3Ha<r11 Aa OHe He oz.ronapajy CTBapHOCTI1 xojy noxyurasajy Aa 113pa3e.

113

OBAe rpefia HarAaC11TI1 III TO Aa P11MOKaTOAWIKa 11 npOTeCTaHTCKa upxna 11Majy APyraqlllje rAeA11lUTe y TYM3cleIDY Bora, AOAajyhl1 y CI1MBOA sepe Aa CBer11 Ayx I1CXOAI1 OA Oua ,,11 CMHa" (filioque) - AorMaTCKM AOAaTaK Herrpl1XBaTfDMB aa TIpaBoCA3Blt>e jep je 11 He- 6116AMjCKI1 11 rrpOTI1Bpe<IaH rrpaBOCAaBHOM CXBaTalDY Bora. l1crrOBeAalD€M 60)l(aHCTSeHOCTI1 CB€Tor Ayxa VI ncrpetie Aa ce OH nourry]e 11 CAaBVI ca O~eM 11 CI1- HOM, npaBOCAaSHa ljpKSa ncncaeaa Aa j€ EmKaHCKa CTsapHOCT, Ha3BaHa join H EOlK3HCTBO HAH Boroua-reAO y rrpaBOCAaSHOM rrpeAalDY, CBeTa Tpojnua (Bl1Al1 III A€O).

CB€Tl1 Ayx je y CSOM Be'iHOM nocroian.y, CYWTJAHCKH jeAHo ca O~eM JA CI1HOM; J1 3aTO, Y CBaKOM BOlKl1- jeM <[J1HY rrpeMa CBeTY, HeJ130CTaBHO v-rccrnyie: CBeTJA Ayx. TaKO je y npJ1K33y CTBapalDa y KID1II311 nocr an.a HarrI1CaHO: Ayx EOJlfUjU OU3a/.Ue ce nao 13000M. (TIOCTaIDe 1; 2) To je J.1CTJ.1 ona] Ayx KOjJ.1 je oyx ucunoma aa CBe /Kl1BO, a nocetino aa -rosexa, CrBOpeHar no Al1Ky J1 rroAo6l1jy EmlO1jeM (Ilocran.e 1: 30; 2: 7). Vonurre, Ayx ce ua jeBpejcKoM 30Be A= 11Al1 nerap Iaxseon. OH je raj KOjJA je CTBOPJAO CBe lKI1BO, )i(I1BOTBOpan; KOjl1 OAPlKaBa H rroAyrrl1pe CBeMJ.1p y lb€rOBOM nocroiaa-y VI lKHSOTY (Hrrp. TIcaAaM 104: 29; JOB 33: 4).

CBeTH Ayx je ouai KOjH HaAaxIDyje caernrex.e Aa rosope £o/Kl1je pe'{l1l1 ,{l1He £O/Kl1jy aozsy, OH Ml1porrOMaayje npopoxe l1 cneurreumce M uapese Crap or aasera l1 y nyuohu epeueua je TO onaj MCTl1 Ayx KOjl1 CUAa3U U ocmaje na l1cycy Ha3apehaHI1HY, <H1Hehl1 ra Mecnjoxi (MMponOMa3aHl1KoM) EmKMjl1M, l1 «ao 'raxnor ra rrpeAeras.sa cBery. Taxo, y HOBOM 3aBeTY y npao] ernupaHMjH (AOCAOBHO 3Ha'il1 rtoxastraaree I1AI1 npxiasa) XPI1- era xao Mecnje - IDerOBO xpurrea-e y JOPAaHY - CBeTl1 Ayx ce o6jaBtoyje AOI{ Cl1i\a3l1 L1 aaapxcaea ce ua IDe My «ao 20Ay6 C uetia (Ionan 1: 32; Ayxa 3: 22. BMAL1 M Marej 3: 16 M Mapxo 1: 9). Ba/KHO je HarAaCHTI1 l1 OBAe M KOA Cl1AaCKa Ayxa Ha AaH Ileaecernnue, xao H ua APyrMM M€CTJAMa y CB€TOM rrl1CMY, Aa je pe-r «ao ynorpefieena Aa 6L1 ce 1136erAO HeTa'IHO "CPl13l1qKO" TYMa'{eIDe saoeAelKeHl1X Aoral)aja TaMO rAe M cava EM6Al1ja roBOPl1 na Cl1M6oAWlaH l1 MeTacpM3L1<JKM Ha«HH.

Xpncroc rto-noee CBOjy jaaay CAylK6y nocxe KpwreIDa, 11 0AMax noseay]e pe-nr npopoxa Hcauje ° MecJ1-

114

jl1 AMpeKTHo ca c0601l1: AYx je Iocnoaa B02a ua MeHU ... (Hcanja 61: 1; AyKa 4: 18)

'-IHTaBar cnor }Kl1BOTa XPI1CTOC je nyH Ceemoe Ayxa - nponoseaaiyhn, noyxanaj ylui, Mc~eloyjyl'\I1, nsronehn AYXOB€ 11 ocrsapyjyhn csaror 3HaK 11 qYAO csor MecMjaHcrna CMAOM Ayxa (AYKa 4: 11). Harnccano je -rax H Aa je lDefOBO caraonpeaasaa,e Eory ua KpCTy yqJ1lDeHO Kp03 Ayxa Be'm02 (len 9: 4).l1 y J1CTOM TOM 60)[<aHCKOM AYxy he ce OH l1 CBl1 ""YAM C IDMM rroAl1hl1 M3 MpTBMX (IescKMlt> 37: 1-4).

Ha AaH neAeCeTHl1l\e CBeTI1 Ayx CI1Aa311 sa XPHCTOBe yqeHMKe y 06AMKY iesuxa «ao oeteeuux, ys 3ByK «ao xyjaee CUAH02a Bempa (Aan 2: 1-4). Oner npnxtehyjeMO ynorpefiy pe-ui xao. Cl1A.a3aK Cseror Ayxa na TIeAeCeTHMl\Y je KOHa<[HO I1cnYlDetbe XPI1CTOBOr sexrax.cxor MeCJ1jaHclwr 3aAaTKa, no-re rax Xpuuihaxcxe U;pKBe. To je ncrryreen,e c'raposaeeruor npopo-raacrna Aa he ce y BpeMe 1.(apa - MecMje, Ayx EOJKl1jl1 usnumu ua CBaKO meso (JOl1A 2: 28; Aarr 1: 14).10 je A06a )(OHa<IHor l1 rpajnor 3aBeT3 caspurene MI1AOCTl1 l1 MVlpa (Je3eKHlt> 34; 37; [epevnrja 31: 33; Hcanja 11: 42, 44, 61).

XPl1Wh3HCKa l\pKB3 lKl1BJA AYXOM CBeTl1M. Casco je Ayx jeMcTBo Ilapcraa 130JKHjer ua 3eMlt>l1: OH je jeAl1Ha rapaaunja Aa cy EO}!(l1jl1lKl1S0T, I1CTHHa M It>y6aB ca It>yAI1Ma. CaMO CBeTHM AYXOM Mary qOBeK M CBeT I1CnYHl1- TH OHO sa WTa l1X je Ear CTBOPlAO. CBM EOlKl1jJ1 'lJ1HOBl1 rrpeMa <IOBeKY 11 cBeTY - y cTBapaIDY, crracelDY M KOHa<[HOj CAaBM - jeey OA Oua Kp03 CHHa (Pe-r) y CBeToM Ayxy; a cse qOBeKOBe crrOC06HOCTl1 osrosaparea Eory cy y I1CTOM Ayxy, Kp03 HCTor CMHa AO ircror 01.(a.

CBeTM Ayx je Ayx JKMBOT3.

AKO AU JlCUBU Y I3aMa Ayx Ouoea KOjU je BaCKpcao Hcyca U3 MpmBUX, Cna] KOjU je nOOU2ao Xpucma U3 MpmBUX oucueehe U eauca cupmua meseca AYXOM CBOjWV{ KOjU JlCUBU Y 13aMa. (PUM 8: 11)

CBeTl1 Ayx je Ayx HCTHHe.

A «aoa oolje On, AYx Hcmune; yseuihe sac y CBY ucmuny, jep nehe zoeopumu 00 ce6e, neeo he 2080- pumu OHO utmo '1yje, u jaeuhc [JaM OHO uimo OOAa- 3U. OOBaH 16: 13; BMAMM JOBaH 14: 25; JOBaH 15: 26)

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CseTM Ayx je Ayx DO)!(aHCKOr ycnnoa.eeisa.

lep xoje BOOU Ayx EOJlfUjU OHU cy CUHOBU EOJl{uju. Iep He npUMucme oyxa poncmea ... He20 npUMUeme Ayxa ycuuoe.eetea, KOjUM BU'feMO: ABa, O'fe! Oea] Ayx CBeOO'fU naiueu oyxy oa eMO oeua EOJl{uja. (PMM 8: 14-16; Iax 4: 6)

CseTM Ayx je AM"!HOCHO npMCYCTBO aosor M rpajnor aasera (casesa) M3Mel)y Dora M 'IOSeKa, ne-iar M rapaaunja Ilapcraa Bozcnjer, CMM 60)!(aHCKOr 06MTaaaisa Boxorjcr y'IOSeKy.

Bu cme nocsauuua Xpucmoea, Kp03 naiae cAYJl{elbe uanucana, He MacmUAOM, He20 AYXOM S02a Jl{UB02a, He ua KaMeHUM matinuuaua, He20 na meAeCHUM matisuuaua cplj,a ... uauca je cnocotiuocm 00 S02a, xoju Hac U Y'fUHU cnocotinusi oa 6yoeMo CAYJl{UmemU HOB02a Saeema, He CAOea He20 Ayxa; jep CAOBO y6uja, a Ayx oJl{uBmyje.

{2. Kop 3: 3-6}

He3HameAU oa cme xpau Boxcuju U oaAyxEo»cuju otiumaea y eaua ... jep je xpasc Boucuju CBemu, a mo cme BU. {1. Kop 3: 16-17; u PUM 6: 19}

... Kp03 Hseea UMaMO U jeouu. U OPY2U npuemyn xa Olj,y y jeouo»: Ayxy. Taxa, oaxse, uucme eutue empaHlj,u HU oouo-auu, He20 cme cyepahauu csemux U oOManu Boseuju. Hasuoauu na meuevy anocmosa U npopoxa, 20e je Y2aoHu KaMeH cau J1cye Xpucmoc. Ha KOMe CBa 2pa/JeBUHa, CKAaOHO cnojeua, pacme y xpast ceemu y Iocnooy, y K02a ce BU saiein«: yepahyjeme y otiumasasuiame Bomuje y Ayxa. (Ecp 2: 18-22; M 1. n- 2: 4-9)

Y Caerosr Ayxy "'YAM MMajy MoryhHocT Aa npnxre caaxn Aap OA Dora, Aa AeAe Iberoay 60)!(aHcKY npMPOAY M )!(I1S0T, Aa 'I"me OHO IlITO je y'IMHMO XPMCTOC McnYlbasajyhM csoiy HOBY sanoeecm Aa BOAMMO jeAHI1 Apyre MCTO xao UITO je OH aanoxeo Hac, jep ce my6aB Bomuja U3AUAa y cpua natua AYXOM Csemuu KOjU je Dam naxta. (PMM 5: 5)

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A nsoo Ayxa jecme: my6aB, paoocm, MUP, OY20- mpnmelbe, 6Aa20cm, oo6poma, sepa, xpomocm, Y30pJlfalbe ... AKO AYXOM Jl{UBUMO ... KO eeje y oyx, 00 oyxa he nosoeemu Jl{UBOm Be'fHU.

(faA 5: 22-25 11 6: 8)

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Llpxna

Y je,ll,HY, CBeTY, BaCelbeHCKY H anOCTOJICKY ll,PKBY

Pe-r Llpxsa (Y rp'IKOM OpJ1fl'!HaAY eKAMCl1a OA exxaxeo - rr03L1B3M) 03Ha'IaBa nocefiay rpyrry rroanaHJ1X IoYAVl Aa 06aBe oApef)eHVl 3aAaTaK. Xpumhancxa UpKBa je 3ajeAHI11(a 113a6paHI1X OO)Kjl1x IoYAI1 Aa AP)Ke H,erOBY pe'I 11 A3 'Il1He lberOBY BOII:>Y 11 a.crone AeAO Y CBeTY 11 Y 1(apCTBY He6eCKOM.

Y CBeTOM rrl1CMY Llpxsa je Ha3BaHa TeAOM XPI1CTOBl1M (Pl1M 12: 1; 1. Kop 12: 27; KOA 1: 18) 11 Hcaccroxi XPl1CTOBOM (Ecp 5; OTK 2: 9). Ynopehyje ce 11 ca CBeTl1M xpaMoM nO)Kl1jl1M (Ecp 2: 1; 1. Flr 2) 11 Ha311Ba ce cmy6 u mephaea ucmune (1. Tl1M 3: 15).

Je,ll,Ha Ilpnna

l..(PKB3 je jeAHa 3aTO WTO je Bor jeAaH l1 3aTO WTO cy XpVlCTOC H CBeTH Ayx jeAHO. MO)Ke rtocrojaru caMO jeAHa Llpxna, a He MHore. li1. 'ra jeAH3 UpKBa, 3aTO WTO !-beHO jeAHHcTBO 3aBMCH OA Dora, Xpucra H Ayxa, He MO)!(e ce HI1KaAa pa36HTM. Taxo, rrpeMa npanoCAaBHOM y'IelbY, UpKBa je HeAeIl:>MBa; IbYAI1 Mory 6111'11 y lbOj MAI1 BaH ise, aAH je He Mory AeAHTI1.

Ilpesia npaBOCAaBKOM Y'lelbY, jeAHHcTBO Llpxse je cA060AHO 'IOBeKOBO jeAI1KcTBO Y HCTI1HI1 11 lby6aBl1 Eoxorjoj. OBaKBO jeAMHcTBO Hl1je AOHeo I1Al1 ycnocTaBHO HeKI1 IbYACKI1 ayTopl1Te1' I1Al1 npasaa Cl1Aa, Ben cai« Bor. CBe AOK cy ,"'YAI1 y l1CTI1Hl1l1lby6aBI1 DO)!(l1- joj, OHI1 cy npl1naAHl1l111 Iberoae UpKBe.

npaBOCAaBHM xpnurhann sepyjy Aa je y Ilpano CA3BHOj I1PKBI1 YBeK nocrojaxa MoryhHocT sa rrvno ysecrnoaa-ee y UPKBM DQ)Kl1jOj, I1 Aa cy casco rpecn l1 rrOrpeIIIHl1lbYACKM M360pl1 (jepecn) CTaBlbaAM IbYAe M3BaH OBe 3ajeAHl1l1e. npaBOCAaBHI1 cxtarpajy Aa KOA HerrpaBOCAaBHI1X Xpl1IIInaHCKMX rpyrra nocroje 113BeCHe cpopMaAHe rrperrpeKe, pa3AM'Il1Te y pa3Hl1M rpynaMa, «oie, aKO MX toYAI1 npnxsare 11 nOBeAY ce sa lbMMa, cnpevanajy lbl1XOBO CaBpW€HO jeAMHcTBO ca Boroxi M TaKO ynuurraeajy l13BOPHO jeAI1HC1'BO Llpxae (anp.

118

nancrso y PI1MCKOj I1PKBI1). Y OKBI1PY jeAI1KCTBa LlpKBe '1OBeK je OHO aa III1'a je c rsopea Aa 6YAe 11 MQ)Ke Aa Y3paCTe aa Be'IHOC1' y 60)!(aHCKOM )!(I1BOTY M 3ajeAHI1- 1(l1 ca Boroxr Kp03 Xpl1CTa y CBe1'OM AYxy. jeAMHcTBO Llpxne ire HapywaBa ce HM BpeMeHoM Hl1 rrpoc1'opOM l1 HMje OrpaHl1'IeHO caxro H3 OHe )l{I1Be Ha 3eMA,I1. JeAl1HCTBO Llpxne je jeAl1HC1'BO Ilpeoxaxceae Tpojnue I1 CBI1X OHI1X xoju )l{I1Be ca Eorov: CB€1'MX anhexa, yMpAHX rrpaB€AHMK3 M OHMX KOjl1 )!(I1Be na 3eMlbl1rrO sanoBeC1'l1M3 XPI1C1'OBl1M M rro Cl1Al1 AYX3 Cserora.

CBeTa Ilpxaa

Ilpxaa je CBeTa 3a1'O WTO je Eor CBeTH, 11 3aTO WTO cy XPI1CTOC 11 CBeTI1 Ayx csern. Cserocr UpKBe AOAa- 311 OA Dora. '-lAaHOBl1l..(pKBe cy CBeTI1 Y1'OAI1KO, YKOAI1- KO )KMBe aajeano ca DorOM.

Y OKBMPY 3eMalbCKe UpKB€, IbYAl1 Y'IeC1'Byjy y 00- )Kl1jOj CBerOC'rM. Ipex 11 aa6AYAe oz.sajajy MX OA one 60)!(aHCKe CBe1'OC1'M, xao M OA 60)!(aHCI(Or jeAI1KCTBa. Taxo ce 3€Ma"'CKI1 rrpl1rraAHl1l111 Llpxse 11 1(pKB€H€ YCTaHOBe He Mory rcao T3KBM rrOMCTOBeTI1TI1 ca LlpKBOM xao CBeTOM.

Bepa 11 )!(l1BOT Llpxae ua 3eMlbl1 McrrolbaBajy ce y lbeHOM y'!elbY, CBe1'MM TajHaMa, cseTOOTa'IKI1M 11 APYrl1M H3AaXHYTHM crrMCHMa, cAY)J(6aM3 M CBe1'I11'eLl>MMa KOjl1 saxpscasajy CYIIITl1HCKO jeAMHcTBO UpKBe, 11 KOjl1 ce CMrypHO Mary rr01'BPAl11'11 xao "CBeTI1" 360r OO)!(Mjer rrpl1cYCTBa M AejcTBa y lbl1Ma.

Bacezsencxa Ilpxsa

L(pKBa je 11 BaC€Io€HCK3 360r cso]e Be3e ca DorOM, XPI1CTOM 11 CBe1'l1M AYXOM. Pe-r nacezsencxu (I1AI1 KaTOAI1'IaHCKI1) 3Ka'Il1 rryH, norrryu, ueo, KOMe HI1- urra He MalbKa. CaMO je Bor nyH3 M rr01TIYHa CTBapHOCT; caxro y Dory HI1III1'a He MalbKa.

nOHeKaA ce Bace",eHC1'BO (K31'OAI1'I3KCTBO), Llpxse CXBaTa y CMMCAY I1pKBeHe CBeYKynHoc1'11 Kp03 spesie M npocrop, li1.CTMH3 je Aa je UpKBa CBeYKYlma, ),KI1- aepsaxua - sa CBe "'YAe y CBI1M BpeMeHI1Ma ua CBMM MeCTHMa - ra cBeYKynKocT HMje npaso sxaxea.e pe'I11 BaCeJbeHCKU KaAa ce oira vnorpefi-saaa Aa 03Ha'l11 ~PKBY. M3pa3 BaCeJbeHCKU KaKO je y no-re ncy 03Ha'Ianao l..(PKBy (jOIII Y rrpBHM Aelj€Hl1jaM3 2. sexa) 6110 je

119

nnme OApeAHVll\a KBaAVlTeTa Hero KOAVlYJ1He. 3BaTVI L(PKBY BaceAoeHCKOM 3Ha'lVi OApeAVlTVI KaKBa je, IIITO he pehn, rryHa VI norrryna, cBeo6YXBaTHa 11 HMIIITa joj He rpefia AOAaBaTM.

J o III 11 rrpe Hero IIITO ce L(pKBa palIII1pJ1Aa rro CBeTY, 03HaQeHa je xao aacezeeacxa (KaTOAJ1QaHCKa). ITpBo6lfTHa Iepycaxroacxa, arrOCTOACKa l\pKBa MAM paHe rpascxe L(pKBe y AHTI10Xl1jlf, E¢ecy, KOPMHTY MAM PI1MY 611Ae cy aacezeeacxe, OBe L(pKBe 6MAe cy aace.setrcxe - xao IIITO je 11 CBaKa Flpasocxaaaa upxaa AaHac - jep VIM HViIIITa CYIIITMHCKo mrje HeAocTajaAo Aa 6YAY rrpaBa L(pKBa XpMCTOBa. CaM nor ie rrOTrrYHO OTKpl1BeH 11 npucyrair Y caaxoj L(PKBI1 Kp03 Xpl1CTa 11 Cseror Ayxa, AeAyjynl1 y AOKaAHoj 3ajeAHl1Ql1 BepHI1Ka lbeHI1M arrOCTOACKI1M Y'IelbeM, CBelIITeHCTBOM (jepapxajov) M CBeTI1M TajHaMa, VI TaKO joj He rpetia Hl1lIITa BMIlIe AOAaBaTI1 Aa 6M rrOTrrYHO yy:eCTBOBaAa y L(apCTBY nO)l<MjeM.

BepOBaTM y L(PKBy xao BaCetoeHCKY, crora, 3HaY:M rrspaacasam ysepeise Aa je nyaoha nO)l(l1ja npncyrua y L(pKBl111 Aa Hl1lIITa He HeAocTaje OA u306uA:>a )l(I1BOTa KOjl1 XPI1CToC Mje CBeTY y Ayxy (JoBaH 10: 10). To sanpaao 3Ha'lJ1 rrpl13HaTI1 Aa je L(pKBa 3al1CTa nynoha OHOza «oju. CBe ucnyn.aea. Y ClJeMY (E¢ 1: 23; KOA 2: 10).

AnOCTOJICRa QpKBa

Pe-r anOCTOA oaua-rasa oaora Kojl1 I1Ma 3aAaTaK, KOjl1 je nocnan, Aa 113BPlllJ1 aaxor.

11 XPI1CTOC 11 CBeTI1 Ayx cy anocmonu, jep I1X je 060jl1QY Orau nocxao y CBeT. He cawo Aa ce y CBeTOM rrl1CMY nonaa-ea na Bl1lIIe MeCTa KaKO je XPI1CTOC rrOCAaT OA Oua, a Ayx nOCAaT Kp03 Xpl1CTa (OA Oua), Ben je jacno 3a6eAe)l(eHO Aa je XPI1CTOC nOCAaHUK (arrOCTOA) ... eepe naiae (JeB 3: 1).

Kao IIITO je XPI1CTOC 6110 rrOCAaT OA Bora, TaKO je OH oAa6pao 11 nocxao arrOCTOAe. Kao tumo je Omau nocnao MeHe, U ja Ul.aA:>eM Bac ... npuMume Ayx Csemu, rOBOpl1 BaCKpCAI1 XPI1CTOC CBOjl1M yy:eHI1l\I1Ma. Tarco, arrOCTOAI1113Aa3e y CBeT, rrocrajyhn rrpBI1 TeMeto XPI1- inhancxe Llpxse.

Y TOMCMI1CAY ce, oHAa, Llpxsa H3311Ba arrOCTOACKOM: npso, 3aTO IIITO ce 3aCHI1Ba na XPI1CTY 11 CBe-

120

TOM Ayxy rrOCAaTI1M OA nora 11 xa OHI1M arrOCTOAI1Ma xoje je XPI1CTOC nocxao, rryHl-!M Caerora Ayxa; M APYro, 3aTO IlITO je L(pKBa Kp03 caoje 3eMatoCKe rrp].maAHI1Ke 11 caraa rrocxara OA nora Aa CBeAO'I11 Iberoso Llapcrno, Aa AP)KI1 Iberony pes 11 Aa 'II1HI1 lberosv BO",Y 11 AeAa aa OBOM CBeTy.

ITpaBOCAaBHI1 Xpl1lIInaHI1 Bepyjy Y L(pKBy xao WTO nepyjy y nora 11 y Xpl1CTa 11 Y Cneror Ayxa. Bepa Y L(pKBy je Aeo xpuurhaucxor I1CITOBeAalha sepe. Illro ce L(pKBe TI1'Ie, OHa je rrpeAMeT sepe xao 6Q)KaHCKa CTsapHOCT Llapcrsa Boxoijer AaTor toYAI1Ma Kp03 Xpl1CTa 11 Cseror Ayxa; 6o)l(aHCKa aajes.anua xojy je OCHOBao XPI1CTOC KO)y epama nax s.a. Ilene naossaoamu (Marej 16: 18).

L(pKBa, 11 sepa y L(PKBY, je CYWTI1HCKI1 exeraenar xpinuhaacxor y-rea,a 11)1(I1BOTa. Be3 L(pKBe xao 6Q)KaHCKe, Ml1CTI1'IKe, caerorajne If AYXOBHe CTBapHOCTI1 y cpeA"IIITy rtaxor 11 rpeunror CBeTa He 611 611AO rryH€ 11 caspmeire 3ajeAHI1l\€ ca BorOM. L(pKBa je BO)Kl1jl1. Aap eBeTY. To je Aap crtaceisa, 1103Halha 11 npocsehen.a, npaurratsa rpexona, rr06eA€ HaA TaM OM 11 cMpny. To je Aap 3ajeAHl1l\e ca Borov Kp03 Xpl1.CTa 11 CB€TOr Ayxa. Osaj Aap AaT je uo rrryao, jeAHoM 3aYBeK, 6e3 pe3epBe, OA crpane Bora. OH ocraje 3aYBeK, AO xpaja BpeMeHa: H€CaBAaAl1B 11 HeyHI1IIITMB. IoYAM Mory rpeIlII1.Tl1 M 60pl1Tl1 ce rrpOTl1B L(pKBe, BepHI1411 Mory rtaCTI1 11 OABOjl1TM C€ OA l\pKBe, aAl1 cava l\pKBa cmy6 u mephaea ucmuue (1. TI1M 3: 15), ocraje 3aYBeI<.

. .. (EOE) CBe nOKOpu nod H02e Hseeoee (XpucmoBe), u Hieea nocmacu ueuao C8eza 3a 2AaBY LlpKBU, xoja je meso lbe20130, nynoha OH02a KOjU CBe ucnyteaea Y cseuy.

.. .Iep Kp03 Hseea UMaMO ... npucmyn «a OLlY Y jeiiuos: Ayxy. TaKO, daKAe, uucme BUUW cmpauuu. HU dOLUA:>aIJU, He 0 eme cyepahauu csemux u 00- uahu EO)1{Uju, uasuoanu na meMeA:>Y anocmo.sa u npopoxa, eoe je Y2aOHU K.aMeH caM J1cyc Xpucmoc, ua KOMe CBa epaheeuna, CKAadHO cnojeua, pacme y xpaM ceemu. y Iocnoiiy. Y KOjU ce U au sajeono yepahyieme y 06UmaAUUl.me Boncuje y Ayxy.

... Xpucmoc 3aBOAe Llpxey U ce6e npeoabe 3a lOy, oa je cmaeu npeoa ce, CAa!3HY LJPKBY, xoja ueua

12l

MPJbe HU tiope, UAU tumo moue CAU'lHO, neeo oa 6yoe csema U nenopostna ... Tajua je OBO BeAUKa ... Xpuemoe U 11,pKBa ... (E¢ 1: 22-23; 2: 18-22; 5: 25-32)

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Hcnoaenasr jeano xpurrerse sa onponrrerse rpexosa

Ha'IMH Aa ce ybe y xpMIIInaHcKY L{PKBY jecre KpIIITelbe Y MMe Oua M CMHa M Cserora Ayxa (Marej 28:19, Aeo jesanhe.ea KOjM ce 'IMTa aa KpIIITelbY).

Kpnrren.e (sao pe-r) 3Ha'IM rroranaase MAM norpy)Kelbe y BOAY. To ce M3BOAMAO Y Craposi 3aBeTY, a xax M Y HeKMM rraraHCKMM pexarnjava xao 3HaK CMpTM M HOBor poben.a. Taxo je JOBaH Kpcrnre.e xpurrasao y 3HaK HOBor )I(MBOTa M noxajau.a (rpxxa pex uemauoja) IIITO 6YKBaAHo 3Ha'IM rtpoxrexa MMIIIIoelba, a TaKO M )I(eloa M npnnpesia aa AOAa3aK L{apCTBa Boxorjer y XpMCTy.

Y L{pKBM, xpurreise 3Ha'Il1 CMpT M HOBO pobeise y XpMCTY. To je AM'IHO I1CKYCTBO Bacxpca AaTO CBaKOM 'IOBeKY, cTBapHa MorynHocT Aa ce yMpe M Aa ce poou 0003Z0 (JoBaH 6: 3).

HAU sap He suame oa eBU KOjU ee KpcmUCMO y Xpucma ldcyca, y CMpm ce fbeZOBY KpemUCMO? TaKO ce C fbUM nOZOOUCMO Kp03 xptumetee y cupm, oa tiu, xao tumo Xpucmoc ycma U3 stpmnux CAaBOM O'l.eBOM, mateo U MU XOOUAU Y HOBOM J1{UBOmy. [ep aKO nocmaoocuo cieouieenu ca 06AUKOM cscprnu teeeoee, onoa heuo U ca eacxpceteeu.

(PMM 6: 3-5; Anocrox, rj. anOCTOACKa nocxaHMlIa, KOjM ce 'IMTa ira KpIIlTelbY; BMAM M KOA 2: 12; 3: 1)

],1CKYCTBO xpurreiea je OCHOBHO xpnurhaacxo MCKYCTBO, HajBa)l(HMje cran-e sa 'IMTaB xpMIIInaHcKM )I(MBOT. CBe y L{PKBM MMa CBOj 3a'IeTaK M cxorcao y KpIIlTelbY, jep CBe y L{pKBM rrOTM'Ie M )I(MBM rro sacxpcersy XPMCTOBOM. Aaloe, 3a xpurrersesr AOAa3M neuam oapa Ayxa Ceemoe, rajna (TajMHCTBO) MMporrOMa3alba xoje je 'IOBeKOBO AWIHO MCKYCTBO Ileaecermme. A AOBpIIlaBalbe M ncnyrserse OBMX OCHOBHMX xpMIIInaHCKMX TajHM AOAa3M y TajHM Cseror CjeAMlbaBalba C 00- roxr (CBeTO Ilpaxeurhe) na Boxcaacraexoj Airryprnj« y L{PKBM.

123

CaMO fDYAI1 npeaana Xpl1CTy Kp03 xpnrreise l1 Ml1pOrrOMa3albe Mory rrOHYAl1TI1 l1 lIpl1MI1TI1 CBeTY €BXapl1CTl1jy y Ilpasocxaaao] lIPKBl1. CBeTa eaxapncTl1ja je CBeTO Ilpuseuihe. Kao TaKBa OHa Hl1je caxro "cpeACTBO sa o-nrurhesse" rrojeAMHaqHI1X BepHMKa, cpeAcTBO KOjl1M nojezjrae Al1qHOCTI1 ocrnapyjy "cjeAl1I-b€Ih€ C Boros," nperaa CBOjOj BAaCTI1Toj, Al1qHOj caBeCTI1, seposaisy 11 AeAaIhY. To je jeAaH cB€o6YXBaTHI1 ql1H Cseror Jlpnxcurha MHoro Al1qHOCTI1 xoje I1Majy l1CTY Bepy, I1CTY HaAY, HCTO xpurreise. To je TeAeCHH '!I1H MHOfl1X AI1'!HOCTI1 xoje I1Majy j€AaH yM, j€AHO cpue, jeAHa YCTa, cAY)Ke jeAHoM 130ry 11 Iocnoay, Y jeAHOM XPI1CTY 11 jeAHoM CBeTOM Ayxy.

Y'!eCTBOBan! y CBeTOM Flpnxeurhy y TIpaBOCAaBHOj U;PKBH 3Ha'!l1 rrOHCTOBeTI1TI1 ce ca CBI1M npl1rraAHHlIl1Ma npaBOCAaBHe Bepe, )KI1BMMa 11 MpTBI1Ma; nOI1CTOBeTI1TI1 ce rrOTnYHO ca CBaKI1M acnexrow Ilpa BOCAaBHe l.\pKBe; I-b€HOM I1CTOPl1jOM, cafiopm-ra, KaHOHHMa, AorMaMa, AI1Cl.\l1rrAI1HOM. To 3HaqH "yseTI1 aa ce6e AMpeKTHy 11 KOHKpeTHY oaroaopnoc'r aa CBe 11 ceaxora noaesanor ca rrpaBOCAaBHI1M npeAalh€M 11 rrpJ.13HaTH oarosopaocr aa CBaKOAH€BHI1 )KI1BOT FlpaBOCAaBHe upxse. 10 SHaql1 pehn npez, Borow 11 fDYAI1- Ma Aa je qOBeK cuperaan Aa My ce CYAI1, y BpeMeHY 11 Be'!HOCTI1, rro OHOMe lUTO npaBOCAaBHa upxaa jec re 11 lIO OHOM€ lUTO 3Ha'!l1 Ty na 3eMfDl1.

YlUaBIlII1 y Ceemy 3ajeaiiUIf,Y npaBOCAaBHe lIpKBe Kp03 icpurrerse H MHporroMa3alhe 'WBeK )KHBH U;pKB€HI1M )KHBOTOM na CBe Moryhe xa-nsne. Ilpe caera oAaH je y'lelby 11 AI1Cl.\l1rrAI1HH L(pKBe, BepHI1M rrpl1- xaaraisexr upxsene jepapxn]e xojy ql1H€ rrpl1rraAHl1l1l1 Texa oAroBopHI1 sa cserorajaacxo yqelhe 11 npaKcy L(pKBe, a TO cy caeroraiaxcxe CAI1Ke I1AeHTI1TeTa 11 rpajaa.a L(pKBe y CBI1M MeCTI1Ma 11 y CBa spevcua. KaA '!OBeK YAa311 y 3ajeAHMllY 6paKa, Be'HlY 3ajeAHI1- lIY '!OBeKa 11 !KeHe y CKAaAY ca y'!elbeM Mcyca XpI1CTa, OBO cjeAl1lhaBaThe je OCBelllTaHO M Y'!l1lheHO Beql1THM 11 60)KaHCKI1M Y csero] TajHI1 6paKa. Kaxa je qOBeK 60- AeCTaH V1 MyqV1 ce, OH 30Be csetumenuxa Llptcee Aa ce nOMO.llU nait ItJUM U nOMaJKe ea YA>eM y csero] TajHI1 jexeocsehen.a (yrr. TaK 5: 4). KaA 'lOBeK arpeuin Ii! OTTIaAHe OA upxaeuor !KHBOTa, spaha ce Csemou npuuetuny 6Q)KaHcKe 3ajeAHMlle CBeTOM TajHoM I1cnOBeCTI1

124

V1 noxajan.a. A KaAa yMpe, spaha ce CBOM TBoPllY y cpeAHUITe Llpxse, MOAI1TBaMa M TIOCpeAOBalhcM sepHI1X, 6pane 11 cecrapa y Xpl1CTY 11 Ayxy. Taxo, '1HTaB CBOj )KI1BOT ocofia rrpO)KMBI1 Y L(pKBH 11 ca 1h0M, xao )KI1BOT rrynohe 11 HOBI1He Y caMOM Dory, ca L(PKBOM xao MI1CTl1'IKI1M npncycrnow Llapcrua Boxoiier xo]e HHje OA onor CBeTa (BI1AH II Klbl1ry 0 6020CJlYJKeltJy).

klcnonexaise jeimoe «ptumetea sa onpotametee zpexoea, jecre AaKAe, ncnoseaatse rtorrryao HOBor )KI1BOTa AaTor fDYAI1Ma y L(pKBM 3aTO WTO je XPHCTOC aacxpcao.

125

AKa erne, aaxse, sacxpcsu ca Xpucmost, mpa»cume ouo tumo je eope 20e Xpucmoc ceou c oecue cmpane Eo Ga. Mucnume 0 OHOMe tumo je eope. a He tumo je «a 3eMA?u. Iep yupecme U saiu je JKU- 80m caxpueeu ca Xpucmou y E02Y. A xaoa ce jaeu Xpucmoc, JKUBOm uatu, onoa heme ce U BU C IbuMe jaeumu y CAaBU. (KoA 3: 1-4)

Taxo je y LlpKBI1 ~eAOBI1T )J(I1BOT onaj I(OjM no-uuee HOBJoIlVI pol)elbelVl nocxe KpllITelba, »cueom y majuu ca Xpucmost y E02]. CBe rajne xpnnrhaxcxor )J(I1BOTa caAp)J(aHe cy y OBOlVl HOB OM )J(I1BOTy. CBe y LlPI(BJoI 113- Bl1pe 113 BOAe xpurren-a: npaurraise rpeXOBa 11 )J(I1BOT Be'-lHI1.

126

Be-qHll )l{IlBOT

'lJeKaM BaCKpCelbe MpTBHX. H }J{HBOT 6yp;yhera nexa.

npaBOCAaBHa ~pKBa He nepyje cave y 6eCMpTHOCT AYllle, 11 y Ao6pOTY 11 arrCOAYTHO cnaceise jeAI1Ho AYXOBHe CTBapHOCTI1. Ilparehn CBeTO nl1ClVIO npaBOCAaBHI1 xpmnhann nepyjy y Ao6pOTY "'YACl(or TeA a 11 CBe lVIaTepJoljaAHe 11 <pM311'lKe TBOpeBI1He. Taxo, Y CBOjoj aepu y sacxpccu,c 11 Be'lHI1 )!(I1BOT npaBOCAaBHa L\pKBa He oxexyje cnaceiee na HeKOlVl "APyrolVl CBeTY" aeh ynpaso na OBOM KOjl1 Bor TOAJoIKO 3aBOAe, nacxpce 11 rrpOCAaBI1, I1crrYHI1Blll11 ra CBOjl1lV1 COTICTBeHI1M 6o)J(aHCKI1M npl1cycTBOM.

Ha xpajy BeKOBa Bor he 06jaBMTl1 csoje rrpl1cycTBO I1l1cnyHI1TM 'lUTaBY TBOpeBI1HY C060M. 3a OHe KOjl1 ra BOAe TO he 6l1Tl1 paj. 3a OHe xoju ra xrpae 611ne TO naxao. A CBa <p11311'lKa TBOpeBl1Ha, sajezjto ca rrpaBeAHI1- ~l1lV1a, paxosahe ce 11 BeCeAI1TI1 Hseroaoxr AOAacKY.

Pa0013ane ce moue nycmutea u 3eM.oI?a cacyutena, eecesuhe ce nycmouc u npousemamu «ao py»ca. Iep, 2Ae, ja ny crneopumu HOBa netieca u H013Y 3eMA?Y, U tumo je npe 6UAO uehe ce nouutoamu «umu he ua yM oosasumu. He20 ce paiJyjme u aecenume 00 13eKa paou OH02a iumo tty [a cm130pumu; jep 2Ae, fa hy cmaopumu Iepycasus« oa 6yoe paoocm. (klcairja 35: 1; 65: 17-18)

Bnanje npopoxa 11 xpl1111haHCKI1X arrOCTOAa 0 CTBapl1Ma xoje he Aohl1 I1CTOBeTHe cy.

J113uoex He60 HOBO u seM.oI?Y Hoay; jep npeo He- 60 u npea 3eM.oI?a npohoiae, U stopa neua euuie. J1 euoex ceemu epao, Iepycasuu HQBU, 20e CUAa3U C «etia 00 E02a, npunpeM/beH xao «eeecma yKpatuena MyJlfy CBOMe. 11 'fyx 2Aac CUAHU C uetia KOjU 20BOPU: "EBO Cxunuje EOJKuje Met;y A>youMa, u OH he cmauoeamu C IbUMa, u OHU fie 6umu uapoo tee- 2013, U case E02 tiuhe C IfJUMa; U E02 he ompmu caaKy CY3Y U3 ouuiy IfJUXOBUX, u cstpmu nehe 6umu

127

BUUie, HU JIWAOCmu HU jayxa, HU 60Aa uehe 6umu BUUie; jep npeo npohe. (OTK 21: 1-5)

KaA Llapcr so EO>KJ1je J1CrrYHl1 CBY TBOpeBJ1HY, CBe he CTBapl1 611TI1 Haql1!DeHe HOBe. Onaj CBeT orrer he 6MTL1 onaj paj sa KOjM je rrpBo6MTHO cTBopeH. To je npasoc.caeno yqelbe 0 «oua-nroj cYA6MHL1 -ronexa 11 !DerOBOr cBeMMpa.

TIOH€KdA ce, Mel)YTMM, AOKd3yje Aa he onaj CBeT 6HTH nornyao YHl1lI1TeH 11 Aa he Eor CTBOPMTI1 CBe HOBO "HM M3 nera" '1MHOM APyror cr sapan.a. OHM KOjJ1 aacrynajy TaKBO Ml1lI1loe!De noarraajy ce na rene rose xao WTO je oua] v13 Apyre rrocxanmtc arrOCTOAa TIeTpa:

A oohu fie AaH Iocnoinou «ao AonOB nohy, y KOju lie ueoeca C XYKOM npohu, a cmuxuje he ce yJKapeue pacnacmu u 3eJ11A7a U oesa tumo cy na 1boj useopehe. (2. TIT 3: 10)

TIOlIlTO ce y El16Al1jl1 Hl1KaA He rOBOpl1 0 "APyroM crnapan.y" 11 rrourro ce y H.oj irenpexuauo M yrropHo CBeAOqH Aa Eor BOAM CBeT KOjH je CTBOPHO M qHHM CBe WTO MO)f(e Aa ra crrace, rrpaBOCA3BHO rrpeA3H.e HI1- xaz,a He TYMaQl1 OBaKBe 6116Al1jcKe TeKCTOBe xao yqeIDe 0 KOHKpeTHoM YHl1WTelDY TBOpeBJ1He OA crpane Eora. OHO rroApa3YMeBa Aa TaKBI1 TeKCTOBlil ronope MeTaqJOpl1QK}10 BeAl1Koj xaracrporpn KOjy 'rnopeanna Mopa Aa rrpeTprrH, YKloyqyjyhl1 11 rrpaBeAHl1Ke, Aa 6" ce cnpaxa, rrp04I1CTI1Aa, nocraxa caBpIIIeHa" cnaCAa. OHO y4M 11 TOMe Aa nocrojn "Be4Ha narpa" aa 6e3- 60)f(Hl1K€, Be4HO CTaH.e IbI1XOBor YHI1IIITaBalDa. AAl1, y CBaKOM CAY'lajy "MY'lelDe BaTpOM" xoja "YHl1lI1TaBa 6e36Q)](Hl1Ke" rrpaBOCAaBHM He cxsarajv TaKO xao Aa je Iocnoz, rryH il>y6aBJ1, TBopeBHHY, xojy je CTBOPl10 J1 Ha3B30 BeOMa 006pOM, npeapco H OCYA110 na rroTrrYHo YHMIIITelD€. (TIocTaH.€ 1: 31; L Kop 3: 13-15; Iea 12: 25-29; Hcanja 66; OTK 20: 22)

128

III

CBETA

TPOJH~A

CBeTa 'I'pojnua

Y'lelhe 0 Cseroi Tpojmnr Hl1je casro HeKI1. ,,'lAaH Bepe" y KOjl1. A>YAVl rpeoa Aa .nepyiy" Hnje TO rrpOCTO AorMa kojy L(pKBa 3aXTeBa oA CBOjJ1X Ao6pl1x rrpJ1- rraAHJ1Ka Aa .npaxsare rro nepa", HI1TVl je Y'lefue 0 CB€TOj Tpojnuu rrpOHaAa3aK Hay'lHVlKa Vl aKaAeMVlKa, pe3YATaT VlHTeAeKTyaAHor YMOBalha J1 cjlMAOcocj.JCKor MI1IIIA>efua.

Y'lefu€ 0 Caeroj Tpojnux norn-re J.l3 'lOBeKOBor HajAy6A>er J1CKycTBa ca Boron. AOAa3J.1113 J.lCTI1BCKor Jl(I1BOr casxaiea OBl1X KOjl1 cy rr03HaAl1 Bora y nepa.

L(JoIro CAeAetlJolx peAoBa je Aa rrOKa)!<y HeIIITO OA OHOra liITO je Bor OTKPl10 0 ce611 CBeTJ.lTelpJolMa U;pKBe. CXBaTJoITJ1 pe'll1. 11 nojsione Y'lelha 0 TpOjVlU;11 je jeAHa CTBap; rr03HaTJoI >KVlBY CTBapHOCT Boxorjy 113a OBJ1X pe'll1 J1 nojxroaa je HeIIITO APyro. Mopauo paAI1.Tl1 11 MOAI1Tl1 ce Aa 6J1CMO MorAl1 npohn 113a CBaKe pe'!l1 11 nojsia 0 Bory 11 yrr03HaTl1 [a, cjeAl1HVI'BIIII1 ce 11 CaMI1. ca J-bI1M: Oua Kp03 Cuna Y CT3emoM AYxy. (Eq, 2: 18-22)

06jaBJbJfBalhe CBeTe Tpojnne

Y Crapoxi 3aBeTY HaAa3J1MO Aa Iaxae, jeAJoIHI1. [0- cnoz, I1Eor AeAyje rrpeMa CB€TY Kp03 CBOjy Fe'! J1 cnor Ayxa. Y HOB OM 3aBeTY Pe'1 nocmaoe meAO (Ioaaa 1: 14). Kao WTO J.1cyc Hasapehaurrn, jeAI1HOpOAHI1 CI1H EmKl1jl1, nocrajc 'lOBeK. A CBeTI1 Ayx, KOjJ.l je y Heycy, 'lI1.Hehl1 ra XPI1CTOM, 113AI1Ba ce OA Dora, na CBaKO TeAO (Aarr 2: 17). '-loBeK He MO)l{e Aa rrpO'II1Ta DJ16Al1jy H11TM MCTOPl1jy L(pKBe, J AJ na lhera He OCTJBe YTVlcaK MHor06pojHa yrryhnnan-a na Dora - Ona, Cnaa (Pe-r) 13o)l(l1.jer VI' Caeror Ayxa. J.13BewTaj HOBor aaacra 11 )I(I1BOT Ilpaeocxasnc L(pKB€ ancoxyrjro je aepaayMA>J1B VI' 6eCMl1CAeH 6e3 H€rrpeKI1AHe rtornpae rrOCTOjan.a, vaajaxrnor oz.noca Ie! Y3ajaMHor AeAOBafua Oua, CMHa 11 CBeTOr Ayxa jeAHor rrpeMa APyroMe 11 rrpeMa 'lOB€KY 11 CBeTY.

Ilorpeuma yqelha 0 Tpojaun HajBa)-KH11je mrran.c 0 Dory na xoje L(pKBa rpetia Aa oArOBOpl1 je rurraa.e oaitoca 113Mel:1Y Oua, C11Ha J1

131

CBeTOr Ayxa. Y npasocxaauoj TpaAI1Ljl1jH nocrojn H3- BeCTaH 6poj rrorpernH}!X y'1elDa xoja ce Mopajy oA6aLjHTH. jeAHo TaKBO rrorpeurno Y'leIhe je Aa je caao OTaLl Eor, a Aa cy CHH M C8eTM Ayx CT80peIha, Ha'lHIheHa "H11113 -rera" xao aH1)eA}!, 'lOBeK M CBeT. U;pKBa ozroaapa Aa CHH 11 CBeTI1 Ayx HI1CY crsopea.a, Bet) HeCTBOpexa 60)J(aHCTBa 3ajeAHo ca OLleM 11 ysecrnyje ca OLleM y 60)J(aHCKOM ql1HY CT8apaIDa cscra nocrojeher,

CAeAene HeTaQHO y'1elDe je Aa je Bor y CylllTHHM jeAaH Bor KOjl1 ce caxio jaBfoa CBeTY y pa3AI1QI1TJ"fM 06Al1'IjI1Ma: caA xao OTaLl, onaa xao CI1H, rra oner «ao CBeTM Ayx. U;pKBa nax oe.rosapa Aa CI1H 11 PeQ oetue y novemxy E02a UOBaH 1: 2), xao 11 CBeTI1 Ayx, VI Aa cy Tpojmra Be'lHO pa3AHQl1Tl1: Cl1H je od E02a M Ayx je OA Dora. Cl1H 11 Ayx Hl1CY caxro aCrreKTI1 Dora, 6e3, Aa TaKO Ka)!(eMO, corrcrnenor )!(MBOTa 11 nocrojan,a. KaKO 611 'lYAHO 6HAO 3aMl1CAMTl1, na rrpl1Mep, Aa je, KaA CI1H rrocraae QOBeK 11 MOMf ce OLlY 11 rrocAyrnaH My je, cse TO HeCTBapHO, sapxa, xexa spcra 60)J(aHCKe llpeACTaB€ xoja ce 113BOAI1 npex CBeTOM, 6e3 I1KaKBor pasxora 11 HeMCTI1HI1TO.

Tpehe uorpeurao Y'leIh€ je Aa je Bor jeAaH, a Aa cy CI1H 11 Ayx cano l1MeHa aa oAHoee xoje Bor ycrrocTaBfoa ca CaMI1M C060M. Taxo ce Mncao 11 [OBOp EmKMjl1 Ha311Ba CI1H, AOK cy )KI1BOT 11 AeAOBalDe Boxorje Ha3BaHI1 Ayx; a y cTBapM - y rrpaBOM rrocrojaisy - HeMa TaKBI1X "CTBapHOCTI1 no ce611" xao urro cy CMH DO)J(Mjl1l1 Ayx I3mKl1jl1. 06a cy casro MeraqlOpe aa pa3AI1- -nrre acnexre 130ra. Ha OCHOBY OBaKBor y'1eIha OHI1, Me1)yrMM, H€Majy csoje nocrojau.e M C80j )!(I1BOT. OBI1 HMCY CTBapHl1, Ben cy cauo MAj3l1ja.

J.1Ma jour jeAHo Hera'1HO Y4€lDe rro KOMe je Orau jeAaH Bor, CI1B APyrH Bor, a CB€TI1 Ayx oncr jeAaH Bor, He Mory nocrojar« "TpM 60ra ", Ka)!(e U;pKBa, a CBaKaKO He CTBOpeHl1l1Al1 aanpas.vean ,,60rOBI1". lour Malbe Mory nocrojarn "TpM oora" OA KOjl1X je Orau "Benl1", a OCT3AM "M3IhI1". H nocroiarse smue OA jeAHor Bora 11 "paHrMpalD€ 60)J(aHcraBa" cy cynpornocrn xoje C€ He Mory 6paHI1TM, HI160)J(aHCKI1M OTKpl1BelbeM HI1 AOrM'1KI1M Ml1lllfo€lDeM.

Taxo, U;pKBa y411 Aa, l1aKO nocrojn cawo jeA3H Bor, Hrr3K cy Tpoje KOjl1 cy Eor - Orau, CI1H MCBeTH Ayx - caapureao cjeAI1IheHI1, HeA€foI18H a I1naK aenoxreura-

132

HI1 Y jeAHo Aa ce He Mory pa3AI1KOBaTl1. KaKO onz,a U;pKBa 6paHl1 cnoje Y"€lDe Aa je Bor jeAaH a irrrax Tpojl1QaH?

[enan Bor, je,ll,aH Orau

Tlpe csera, yqefue U;pKBe 11 lDeHO HajAy6fo€ l1Cl<yCTBO je Aa nocrojn caxio jeA3H 130r jep nocroin caero jeAaH OTaLl.

Y DI16AI1jl1 ce 113pa3 E02 ca BpAO MaAI1M 6pojeM 113- Y3eTaKa ynorpefi.eaua rrpBeKCTBeHO KaO I1Me aa Oua. Tako je CI1H CUll Boinu]u, a Ayx Ayx EOJKUjU. CI1H je pohca OA 01\a, a Ayx I1CXOAI1 OA Oua - 06a y I1crOM 6e3BpeMeHoM Y! Be'1HOM '1MKy O'1eBOr nocrojau.a.

TIo OBOM rAeAl1wry, M CMH M A)'X cy jeAHo ca DOroM 11 HM na KOjY! Ha'1MH C€ Ke oABajajy OA i-bera. Taxo ce I3mKaHcKo jeAMHcTBO cacrojn 0,1, 01\a, Hseronor CI1Ha 11 Hieroaor Ayxa pa3AI1'1MTl1M OA Hsera cauor, a nnax caBprneHo cjeAJ1lbeHI1M Y J-beMY·

[enan Bor, jezma 60maHCKa npnpona n 6nue

OHO urro je Orau TO cy M CI1H 11 Ayx. Taxo y'1l1 J1 U;pKBa. CI1B, pohen OA Oua, 11 Ayx, KOjVl OA Hsera MCXO.AI1, AeAe 6mKaHcKY npY!poAY ca Borcv 11 "jeAHocyurrnn" cy ca i-bI1M.

Taxo, KaKO je 130r "HeJ13peLlI1B, K€33MI1CAI1B, HeBMAi"I1B, accaaxar.sun, YBeK nocrojchn 11 Be'1HO I1CTI1" (Eoscancraeua Al1ryprl1ja cseror JOB ana 3AaTOYcror}, TaKO cy 11 Cmr 11 Ayx l1CTM TaKBI1. CBaKa 60- )!(aHCKa OC0611Ha xoja rrpl1naAa 130ry OLlY - )KI1BOr, foy6aB, MYAPOCT, VlCTI1Ha, 601l<aHcTBeHocT, CBerOCT, CI1Aa, '1I1CTOTa, paAocT - npnnae,a jeAHaKo 11 Cl1BY Yl Ayxy CB€TOM. Dl1ne, rrpMpoAa, cyrnTVlHa, noc-rojan,e 11 )KI1Bor 130ra Oua, CI1Ha 11 Cucror Ayxa cy rrOTrrYHO, ancoAYTHojeAHaKl1.

[enan Bor:

jenno 60maHCKO ,lI,eJIOBalhe n BOJha

Ilourro je 6Mne CBeTe Tpojnue jeABO, urro rOA OTa1\ xohe 11 CI1K 11 CB€TI1 Ayx xohe VlCTO. Ill'ra OTaLl '1I1HI1 11 CI1H 11 C8eTI1 Ayx '1I1H€ I1CTO. Hexia Hl1jeAHor

133

'1MHa HM so!oe Bora 011a 1<0jM HMje ncroepesieno 'lMH M aozea CMHa M Cneror Ayxa.

Y Ibexry y SeqHOCTM, xao M npesra CS€TY 11 crsapa!by, OTKpI1SefbY, onanxoheisv, I1cKyn!oe!bY, ocsehersy M npOCAas!oelbY - so!oa M AeAosalbe Tpojnue cy jeAHO:

OA 60ll<aHCKor 011a, Kp03 60)£(aHCKOr CMHa, y 6mKaHCKOM CBeTOM Ayxy. CBaKI1 '1I1H BOll<l1jl1 je 'lMH Tpojn- 11e. Hl1 jeAHa Al1'lHOCT M3 Tpojcraa He AeAyje He3aSI1- CHO l1Al1 1130AOSaHO OA APyrMx. AeAOSa!be jeAHor je AeAOBa!be CSl1X; AeAOBa!be CBMX je AeAOBa!be jeAHor. 11 60)f(aHCKO AeAOSa!be je CYIllTMHCKM jeAHo.

[eaaa Bor:

jenno 60)l{aHCRO TIo3HaIbe H Jhy6aB

nOIIITO je CBaKa AM'lHOCT OA Tpojnue jeAHo ca OCTaAl1Ma, cnaxa noanaje jeAHaKY I1cH-my M TSOpl1 jeAHaxy !oy6as. Ilosnaa,e cnaxor je noanarse CSI1X, M !oy- 6as csaxora je !oy6as CSMX.

Kaxa 6M ce Y3eAM nojeanuaxxo, CBaKa AMqHOCT OA Tpojnue noanaje 11 SOAM OHe APyre ca TaKBMM rro rrryHl1M caspIlleHCTsOM, rr03Ha!beM 11 !oy6as!oy Aa HeMa Hl1'1er nesuauor 11 HI1'ler xeno.senor OA CTpaHe csaKOr y OCTaAl1Ma, 11 CSl1X Y CBaKOMe. TaKO, aKO raapno noaxaiee !oYAI1 MO)f(e Aa cjeAl1HI1 YMOBe y nOTnyHy jeAHOAYIllHOCT, 11 aKO 'rnapua !oy6aB !oYAI1 MO)f(e Aa 3APYll<11 OAeloelbe Y jeAHo CP11e, jeAHy AYWY na -rax 11 jeAHo TeAO, KaKO HeynopeAI1S0 caapurenuja 11 anCOAyrHO cjeAMfbyjyha Mopa 611TM I1CTOBeTHOCT KaAa cy OHl1 KOjl1 Flosaaiy M KOjl1 BOAe BeqHM, KaAa cy 60- )KaHCTBa.

TpH 60)l{aHCRe lIHQHOCTH

Y npasocxaeaoj TepMMHoAomjH OTa11, CMH M CseTM Ayx aaanaajy ce Tpl1Ma 60)f(aHCKMM AI1'lHOCTI1Ma. AH'IHOCT je OBAe AeqmHl1caHa rrpOCTO xao cyfijexr rrocrojan,a H ll<l1BOTa, imocrac y TpaAl111HOHaAHOM 11PKseHOM je3HKY.

Kao IllTO 6Mhe, cyurrnaa I1AH rrpxposa jeane CTBapHOCTI1 Aajy OArOBOp ira mrrarse "IIITa?': AI1'IHOCT jeAHe CTsapHOCTI1 onroaapa ua rurra-se "KOjl1?'; I1AH "KO?'; Taxo, KaA nl1TaMO "IllTa je Bor?" os.roaapaao Aa j€ OH 60)KaHCTB€H, caspuien, ne-ran, arrcoxyraa ... A KaA rtn-

134

TaMO .Ko je 50r7': oxronapauo Aa je Bor - OTal1, Cl1H 11 CBeTI1 Ayx.

CBeTHTe!oH U;pKse 06jacHMAM cy OBY TPOjl1qHOCT Bora xopxcreha OBaKaB rrpMMep 113 CBeTa. BI1AI1MO Tpl1 -ioaena. ,,1lITa cy OHllI?" - rrI1TaMO. "OHM cy IoYACKa 6Mha" - OArOBapaMO. CS3KI1 je '!OBeK, VlMa ncre !oYACKe oc06MHe 11 1-!CTY IoYACKY rrpnpoxy Ae<jJI1HI1CaHy aa oApel)eHI1 Ha'lI1H: CTBopeH, SpeM€HCKVI Orp3HI1- -rex, »rarepaiaxaa, pa3YMaH HTA· no OHOMe WT3 jecy, OBa rpn '!OBeKa cy jeAHo. AMI no OHOMe KO cy, OHM cy rpojnua, CBaKl1 nOTnYHO jeAI1HcTBeH 11 pa3AI1'II1T OA APymx. CBaKM 'IOBeK je y CBOjOj corrcrsenoi jeAI1HCTBeHOCTI1 APyra'll1je 'lOBeK. JeAaH '10BeK Hl1je Apyrl1, MaKO CBaKM 'WBeK 11M3 ncre IoYACKe oc0611He 11 MCTy IoYACKY rtpnpoay 11 06AHK.

Oxpehyhn ce Bory, MO)l(eMO 11I1TaTVI xa VIeTH aa'lHH: .Lllra je TO>" Y 0ArOBOpy Ka)f(eMO Aa je TO Eor, AecjJHHI1CaH K30 arrCOAYTHO caspiueacrso: "HeVl3pe4I1B, H€33MVlCAHS, H€SHAIoHB, HeCXBaTIoMB, YBeK noc'rojehu H BeqHO I1CTM': 33Tl1M rnrrarao .Ko je TO?': 11 OAf 0- eapavo Aa cy TO Tpojnua: OTal1, CI1H 11 CBeTI1 Ayx.

Y OHOMe KO je 50r, nocroje Tpl1 AHqHOCTI1 OA KOjl1x je csaxa anCOAYTHO jeAHHcTBeHa M pa3Al1qHTa. HHj€AHa mije OHa APyra, npeMAa je csaxa 60)f(aHCKa ea HCTOM 60)f(aHCKOM npl1pOAOM H 06AI1KOM. Crora, AOK cy jeAHo y OHOMe WTa cy - OTa4, CI1H 11 CBeTI1 Ayx cy Tpn y OHOMe KO cy. 11 360r rora WTa VI KO cy - HecTBOpeH€, 60)KaHCKe Al1qHOCTW - OHI1 cy HeAe!ol1- BH 11 caspureno cjeAl1fb€HI1 y CSOM 6e3BpeM€HOM, HerrpOCTopHOM, H€113Meplol1BOM, 6e306AI1'!HOM, HaACYWTaCTseHOM nocrojan-y, xao 11 y CBOM 6mKaHCKOM ll<I1BOTY, n03Ha!bY, !oy6aBM, A06pOTI1, CHAI1, BOA>I1, AeAOB3!bY I1TA.

Taxo je, no rtpanocxasuoi TpaAI111V1jl1, rajaa 50)1(11- ja Aa nocroje Tpojnua KOjw cy 6mKaHcTBa; Tpojuua KOjl1 )f(I1Be 11 AeAyjy no jeAHoM MCTOM 60)f(aHCKOM caspIlleHcTBY, a nnax CBaKH no CBOjOj AM'!HOj pa3- AH'lI1TOCTH M j€Al1HCTSeHocTVI. Taxo C€ Ka)K€ Aa cy OTal1, CI1H 11 CB€TI1 Ayx 60)f(aHCTBa (c8aKI1 OA !bVlX) ca I1CTOM 60)KaHCTBeHowhy, a Hrr3K CBaKH aa CBOj 60- )f(aHCKI1 Ha'lMH. 11 KaKO HecTBopeHa 60)KaHCTBeHocT I1Ma TPW 60)KaHCKa cy6jeKTa, TaKO CBaKH 60)f(aHCKI1 'lMH MMa Tpl1 60)l(aHCKa 'lMHH011a; nocToj€ TpH 60)f(aH-

135

CKa BMAa csaxor AeAOBalba EQ)KMjer nnax AeAOBaH>e ocraje jeAHo MCTO.

OTI<pMBaMO crora, jeAHO[ Bora 01.\a, CBeAP)KJ.1TeA>a ca lberonnxt jeAHMM jeAMHcTBeHHM CL1HOM (CAM[(OM lo'l Pexjy) lo'l !-beroBMM jeAHHM CBeTMM AYXOM. nOCTojM jeA3H }[(MBM Eor ca CBOjl1M caspiueanv 60- )!(aHCKI1M )KI1BOTOM, KOjl1 je AI1'IHO CI1H, ca CBOjlo'lM jeAHI1M AYXOM )KI1BOTa. Ilocrojn jeAaH J;iCTI1HI1TM Bor, ca CBOjOM jeAHoM 6mKaHcKoM J;iCTI1HOM, KOjM je AI1'''[HO CMH, ca CBOjlo'lM AYXOM J;iCTl1He. nOCTojM jeAaH MYAPlo'l Ear rryH A>y6aBlo'l ca CBOjOM jeAHoM Muxourhy lo'l loy6aBA>Y KOjlo'l je caM AWIHO CI1H ca CBOjlo'lM jeAHI1M AYXOM MYAPOCTlo'l lo'l loy6aBI1. OBaKBM npl1MepM MOo. ry Mhl1. y HeAorAeA; jeAaH 60>KaHCKI1 OTa1.\ OAl1.qaBa CBaKI1 BMA csoje 60)KaHCTBeHOCTM Y CBOM jeAMHoM 60" )l(aHCKOM CI1HY, KOjl1. je can rrOKpeHYT CBOjlo'lM jeAHI1M 60)](aHCKMM AyXOM. BMAetleMO )KI1BO yqeCTBOBaH>e Tpoinue AOK nOrA€AaMO A€AaTHOCT EO)](Mjy y HseroBI1M A€jcTBI1Ma rrpeMa 'lOBeKY 11 CBeTY.

Csera TpO;IlIJ,a Y Crnaparsy

Eor OTa1.\ CTBOPl1.0 je CBeT Kp03 CMHa (Pex) y CB€TOM Ayxy. Pex EO)Kl1ja npxcyraa je Y cBeMY WTO noCTOjl1, ql1Het1M Aa TO nocrojx CMAOM Ayxa. TaKO, rrper-ta npasocxasuora y'IeH>y caM CBeMl1p je OTKplo'lBeH>e Eoxorje y Pe'lM M Ayxy. Pe-r je y CBeMY llITO nocroja, y3pOKyjyhJ,1 Aa TO 6YAe, a Ayx je y CBI1M CTBapl1.Ma xoje nocro]e icao Cl1Aa lbl1XOBOr 6MTJ,1ja 11 )KI1BOTa.

OBO je Hap0'II1TO BJ,1AA>l1BO KOA nocefiaor EmKMjer CTBopelba, -roncrca. '-loBeK je CTBopeH no Al1KY EO}Kl1- jeM, J,13aTO HOCJ,1 Y ce611 jeAI1HCTB€HO nOA0611je EO)l(J,1- je zoje ce Beq[1TO 11. caspureao noxasyje Y 60)l(aHCKOM CI1.HY Iocrromsexr, HeCTBopeHoM 11 AncoAYTHOM AI1KY EO)l(l1jeM. '-IoBeK je AorocaH, rj, OH y-recrnyje y EO)KHjeM Aorocy (Cl1H 11 Pe-r) 11 3aTO je cA060AaH, noairaje, BHAH, oAcAHKaBa na nAaHY TBapHO[ caMY npHpOAY Bora xao llITO TO 'IHHM HeCTBOpeHI1 Cl1H aa 60)l(aHCKOM nxaay.

'-IoBeK je 14 AYXOBaH; OH je nocefian xpaM 130)1(11- jer Ayxa. Aax Boacancxor )KHBoTa YAaXHYT My je Ha Haj11.3Y3eTHJ,1jl1 HaqMH. Taxo je Me!)y CTBOpelbl1Ma jeAI1.HO qOBeK Ao6110 BAaCT Aa rroapaacana Eora 11 yqecrsvie y l-berOBOM )KI1BOTy. Hoaex MMa xroryhnoc'r 11

136

cnoc06HOCT Aa rrocrauc CI1H ])O)l(l1jM, Aa OACAVIKaBa nexnor CHHa, OApa)l(aBajynl1 6Q)KaHCKY rrpMpOAY jep je, sa pa3AI1Ky OA CBI1X ApyrHx crnopeu.a, HaAaXHYT CBeTHM AYXOM. TaKO je jeAaH CBeTI1TeA> UpKBe pexao Aa '10BeK Aa 611 6110 'lOBeK, xropa I1MaTI1 y cetin Ayxa EOlKl1jer. TeK raz,a MQ)Ke 6J,1TH 'IOBeK y CBOjOj nyaohu:

TeK raaa MO)l(e nOCTaTI1 npaBI1 CI1H EO)l(MjH, CAl1'1aH OHOMe KOjl1 je jeAHHopo!)eH.

Ha aajocaoaaujexr HI1BOY CTBapal'ba, AaKAe, BHAI1" MO Tpojn-nre AHMeH3Hje nocrojan.a 11 AeAOBaH>a DO" )l(l1jer: Pe-t 11 Ayx ])O)l(HjH YAa3e y 'IOBeKa 14 CBeT Aa 611 14M oMoryhMAI1 A3 6YAY 11 Aa rrOCTaHY OHO sfior -rera je OTa1.\ xreo Aa OHH rrocroje.

Cnera Tpojaua Y cnacersy

Ca '10BeKOBHM HeycnexoM Aa ce OCTBapH y CBOjOj AaToj jeAI1HCTBeHocTH, bor rrpeAY3VIMa nocefian ql1H crraceisa.

OTa1.\ nrazee cnor CMHa (Pe'I) '11 caor Ayxa y jow leAHY MMCHjy. Pe-r 14 Ayx AOAa3e CBeTHTeA>I1Ma CTapor saaera Aa 06jaBe 01.\a. Pex ce, KaKO je 11. 6I1AO, OTeAOBA>aBa y 3aKoHY (na jespejcxo« pexu) aaxax .. HYTOM CBeTI1M AYXOM. Ayx HaAaxl'byje npopoxe A3 ofijase Peq 13 O)l(Hjy. TaKO cy 3aKOH 14 npOp01.\11 OTxpnneiea Boxorja y Ibcronoj PeQI1 11 Iberonosr Ayxy. OHH cy AeAI1MM'lHa OTKpJ,1BeH>a, ceaxe (xaso I1X naanaajy y HOBOM 3aBeTY), nperpnr-ypaunic nOTrrYHor OTKpMBeJ-ba nyaohe BpeMeHa 11 rrpurrpeuaonn lbe .. nor AOAaCKa.

KaA ce McrryHM spewe M CBeT 6YA€ cnpexraa, Pe'l M Ayx AohM he jow jeAHoM - He BI111Ie cavto CBOjOM eHeprl1joM VI CI1AOM, aeh caz,a CBOjHM corrCTBeHI1M AI1KOBI1 .. Ma, Aa AM'IHO 60paBe y cBeTy.

Peu nocmaje meso. JeJuHopoiJJ-IU CUH paha ce xao '!Ol3eK, Mcyc Hasapehanun. A Ayx KOjU je y fbeMY oaje ce CBUM AJyiJuMa oa U IbUX y'!uliu Cu .. HOl3UMa 011a y Be'!HOM npouecy nocmusama Ibe- 20802 CaBp!UeHCmBa yspacmaiyhu 3ayGeK y Mjepy pacma nyuohe Xpucmone. (Ecp 4: 13)

TaKO y HOBOM 3aBeTY VlMaMO nyHy errVlcp3HI1jy DOra (Borojan-sen,e}, rryno J,1CnOA>aBaH>e CBeTe Tpojmie:

137

Oua Kp03 CMHa l1 Ayxa HaMa; l1 HaC y Ayxy Kp03 Cl1Ha OI1Y·

CBeTa Tpojnna y lI,PKBH

LlpKBeHl1IKl1BOT je IKl1BOT roYAl1 I' Cseroi Tpojnun. y L1PKBl1 CBl1110cTajy jeAHo Y XPl1CTY, CBI1 ce 06Aa'!e Y oficroruopeuy fpYACKY llpl1pOAY Cl1Ha Iioxcujer. [ep KOjU ce 20a y Xpucma <pcmucme, y Xpucma ce o6yxocme. (Iax 3: 27) JeAI1HCTBO L1PKBe je cj€AI1Ib€HOCT MHOrl1X y jeAHoM, jeAl1HOM TeAY XPI1CTOBOM, jeAHoM IKMBOM XpaMY DOlKl1j€M, j€AHOM HapOAY 11 nOpOAI111l1 DOIKMjoj.

y OKBl1py Tor jeAHor 'rexa I1Ma MHoro nojenuua-rHI1X llpl1naAHI1Ka. Macro "IKI1BOr KaMelba" '1I1HI1 )1(11- BI1 xpaM. MHOro 6pahe 11 cecrapa TBOpl1 jeAHY 1l0pOAMI1Y KOjOj je Iior - Orau, JeAI1HCTBeHa pa3AWIV!TOCT csaxor rrpl1rraAHI1Ka oaor jeAHor T€Aa XPMCTOBor oxpebcna je llpl1CYCTBOM Cseror Ayxa. Ceaxa nocefiaa AI1'!HOCT HaAaXHYTa je CBeTI1M AYXOM Aa 61'Ae I1CTI1HI1TI1 '10BeK, I1CTMHl1TI1 CI1H EOIKI1jl1 na CBOj jeAI1HCTBeHl1 Ha'Il1H. Taxo, KaJ<O je Tee o U;pKBe jeAHo y XPI1CTY jeAaH CBeTI1 Ayx Aaje CBaKOM llpl1ITaAHI1KY MoryhHocT Aa ce OCTBapl1 Y Dory 11 Aa TaKO 6YA€ jeAHO ca CBI1Ma Apyrl1Ma Ha311Bajyhl1 Dora OWM (BI1AeTI1 1. Kop 12).

Aafp€, U;pKBa jc, xao caspureuo jeAI1HcTBO MHorMX AI1'IHOCTI1 Y jeAHoM llOTllYHO cjeAl1lbeHOM opraHI1- 3MY, OApa3 carae Tpojnue. Iep, aa L1pKBY ce «asce M je, nourro je MHoro jeAI1HCTBeHl1X 11 pa3Al1'111TI1X AWIHOCTI1, jeAaH yM, jeAHo CPl1e, jeAHa Aywa 11 jeAHo TeAO y jeAHoj 11CTWHI1 11 It>y6aBI1 caxiora Dora. Floaunan.c Ilpxse Aa 6YAe jeAHa I' cBeMY je npay30p llpW311By ueAOM '10Be'laHCTBa [(oje je Eor npBo611THO CTBOPMO xao MHorO AI1'IHOCTYI I' jeAHoj npl1pOAYI, a aa rcpajy npeAOApeAI10 3a Be'll1TO caapureno napac'raise y CAO- 60AHOM jeAI1HCTBY 11CTI1He 11 !ny6aBI1, I' IKMBOTY DOIKfAjer U;apCTBa.

CBeTa Tpojnna y TajHaMa

Tajne U;pKBe npnxaayiy TpOjYl'lHI1 KapaKTep IKYIBOTa Dora YI 'IOBeKa. CBaKa AM'!HOCT ce KpUITaBa CI3€TMM AyXOM I' jeA"!Hy "'YACKY llPfAPOAY XpMCTOBY. KpCTMBlIIYI ce, CBaKa oco6a A06l1ja neuam oapa Ayxa

138

Ceemoea OA Dora, a MMponoMa3albeM Aa 6YA€ XPI1- CTOC, rj. IlOMa3aHI1 CMH .DQ)Kl1jW KOjl1lKYlBMlKfABOTOM Xpncra.

Y 6paKY cjeAl1lbaBalbe ABoje I' jeAHo 'II1HI1 HOBO jeAI1HCTBO, OApa3 jeAfAHCTBa Tpojuue, 11 jeAI1HCTBa Xpl1CTa 11 U;pKBe. Iep nOpOAI1~a MHoro AI1QHOCTI1 cjeAl1lbeHfAX I' jeAHoj I1CTI1HI1 fA roy6aBI1 3al1CTa je CAYlKa jeAHe nopOAI1Qe DOIKMj€r U;apCTBa M cancra Dora, DOlKaHCK€ Tpojnue.

Y rroxajaisy jour jeAHoM 06HaB",aMO Haw HOBYlIKYIBOT CMHOBa O'leBMX Kp03 MWAOCT XpMCTOBY, caaroxr Cseror Ayxa, paspellIeHI1 (rpexa) 11 nOHOBO cjeAMlbeHfA Y 3ajeAHMQI1 ca DOroM YI Hierosoi« L1PKBOM.

Y jexeoceeheu-y Ayx rtoraaayje CTpaAaAHI1Ka Aa rpllfA M yMpe aa XpMCTa M Aa ce TaKO Yl3Ae'lfA 11 Q)KI1BM ca Ol1eM 3a Be'lHOCT.

CBelIITeHCTBo, QPKBeHMll03I1B, Hl1je HMlllTa Apyro Hero KOHKpeTHa nojasa npYlCYCTBa XPIiCTOBOr y LlpKBI1, llYTeM MCTor Cseror Ayxa KOjM je CBI1M fpYAIiMa EOIKl1je IlOCTYllK€ M llyT AO ae-nre 3ajeAHfAQe y tbeMy fA ca tbMM y'!MHI10 AocTynHYlM.

Hajsaa, majna Haa majuaua, CBeTa EBxapMcTI1- ja je I1CTWHCKI1 AOIKMBfpaj cser Xpl111InaHC[(Or HapOAa yseaeuor I' 3ajeAHfAQY ca Ouev, CHarOM Cseror Ayxa [(P03 XpMCTa CYlHa KOjH je npxcyraa I' Pe'lM IesauheJl>a W y flaCXaAHOM JeAy rseronor Texa 11 KPBJ1 KOjYl ce Y3l1Majy y 3HaK cehan-a na Hsera. 11 car-ro Kp€Talb€ EOlKaHcTBeHe AI1TyprMje - rrpeMa Ouy Kp03 XpaCTa Pes M lanse, y CYIAH Cne-ror Ayxa - je IKI1BM CBeTI1 CI1MBOA xauier se-nror xpe'raa-a y Eory H npeva Eory, Exarocxonenoj TPOjI1QH. Hax je Xpl1WnaHCKa MOAI1TBa OTKpl1Beibe Tpojnue, ncnva.exa rpehosr AM'iHOllihy Boroaaxexa. HaAaXHYTI1 CBeTMM AYXOM "'YAM 30BY Dora O'1e Ham caxio 360r CMHa KOjl1 fAX je HaY'IMO 11 osroryhao MM Aa TaKO '[I1He. Taxo, npaBa xpinnhaacxa MOAMTBa HMje 1l03Y1Bal"be xaunrx AYllla, y 3eMafpCKoj ycaMroeHOCTI1, nexor AaAeKor Dora. To je MOAYlTBa 6oIKaHcKor CI1Ha Iocnoaa.er I' HaMa HseroBOM Ouy, ocrnapeaa y HaMa CBeTI1M AYXOM KOjYl je H caM 60IKaHCTBeH.

He20 npuuucme Ayxa ycunotsroetoa, KOjUM 13U'1eMO: ABa, One!

139

Ooai Ayx csjeoo-nc HmueMY ayxy oa eMO ojeua Bomuja.

... jep He 3HaMO tuma heuo ce stosumu sao iumo mpetia, «eeo ce Ayx case MOAU 3a Hac ...

(PI1M 8: 15-16,26)

CBeTa Tpojnua y xpHIlInaHCKOM }l{HBOTY

HOBa 3anOBeCT XpI1WnaHCKor )!{MBOTa jecre - 6yaume caeptueuu xao tumo je caeptueu Omau eatu Hetiecxu (Marej 5: 48). To 3Ha'lM BOAeTM xao WTO je caM XPMCTOC BOAeo. 0130 je sanotsujecm uoja: aa A?y6ume jeouu. opyze «ao tumo ja nac mytiu»: (JoBaH 15: 12) /'oyAH He Mory )!U1BeTH xpHwnaHCKHM lKHBOTOM 60lKaHCKe roy6aBl1 YfAeAajyl'1l1 ce na BOlKHje caBpweHCTBO 6e3 6AarOAaTl1 Cneror Ayxa. Ca CHar OM BOlKHjOM, Met)yTI1M, OHO WTO je roYAHMa aesrorvhe nocraje MOryhe. Iep Boey je CIle M02Jne. (Mapxo 10: 27)

Xpl1WnaHCKM lKHBOT je lKl1BOT Bora ocrsapenor y roYAI1Ma AYXOM XPI1CTOBI1M. /'oYAI1 Mory Aa )KWBe xao WTO je XPI1CTOC lKMBeo, 'll1He OHO illTO je OH qWHHO H rrocrajy CI1HOBI1 nOlKHjM y J-beMy CHarOM Ceeror Ayxa. TaKO je JOIll jez.anrryr xpmnhaacios lKWBOT Tpojnsair lKHBOT.

CBeTHM AYXOM AaTI1M OA Bora Kp03 XpI1CTa, roYAI1 Mory Aa AeAe lKMBOT, roy6aB, I1CTI1HY, cAo60AY, Ao6poTY, CBeTOCT, MYAPOCT, n03HaH->e caxrora nora. To je YBepeJ-be 11 11CKyCTBO rcoje je y Ilpasocxasxoj qpKB11 AOBeAO AO np11XBaTaH->a 11 paaanjaisa 'l11H->eH11qe Aa je cyurrnna Xp11ll1naHCTBa saootiujan.e CBem02 Ayxa 11 otioeomeopen,e -roaeica 6AaroAany BmKl1joM, T3B. Te- 03J1C.

CBeTI1TeiIJH IJ;pKBe cy jeAHOfAaCHH y caoioi TBPAH->11 Aa je xpmuhaacror lKHBOT Y'lecTBOBaH>e YlKHBOTY BAarOCAOBeHe Tpojnue xa HajHcTHHcKHjl1 H xajnpasnju Ha'II1H. To je )'<MBOT y KOMe ibYAH nocrajy fioacancrsa. ]I[ y HajMaH->I1M BHAOBHMa CBaKOAHeBHor lK11BOTd XPl1- urhau» cy n03BaH11 Ad lKHBe lKl1BOTOM Bora Oua KOj11 HM npeHocw XP11CTOC, C11H BOlK11jH, a ouorvhaaa CBeTW Ayx KOj11 )j(I1B11 11 AeAyje y H->11Ma.

140

CBeTa Tpojnua Y BeQHOM }l{HBOTY

Ha xpaiy CBHX BeKOBa XpHCTOC he Aonl1 y CMB11 nora O~a.]I[ oojasnhc Oua 'IMTaBoj TBOpeBl1HH. CBeTH Ayx he I1cnyHHTH cne H oMoryhHTH CB!(IMa Aa ce cjeAI1He ca BOroM Kp03 Xpncra sa Be'lHOCT. Oncr I1MaMO np11CYCTBO 11 AeAOBaH->e CBeTe Tpojmre,

OHO IlITO M11 AOlKVlB",aBaMO caAa y cBeTY xao npHnaAHVlqH IJ;pKBe noxasahe ce y C11AI1 Y lKHBOTY uapCTBa xoje AOAa311. CYIllTVlHd )I(HBOTa se-mor je )1(11- BOT CBeTe Tpojaue, VIeTH Be'lHH lK!(IBOT KOjH HaM je Ben AaT y TajH11 Bepe.

A xpasia He euoiex y l-beMY, jep je xpasc lbeZOB Iocnoo E02 Cseopncume», U Iaeiee.

11 epai) He nompe6yje cyuua ... jep ea CAaBa Boucuja ocnujemsu, U csujem socm je reeeoea Ja2- /-be .

... u npujeemo DOJl(UjU u [azteemon tiuhe y /-beMY, u cAyze teeeoee cAY)/(Une My. 11zAeaane »uue Hseeoso ... 11 Ayx u Henjecma 2013ope: Aolju!

(OTK 21: 22; 22: 3,17)

Y BeqHOM )j(I1BOTY Llapcrna Bosorjer, CBeTa Tpojnua ucnynahe CBY TBopeBVlHy: O'rau Kp03 CWHa y CBeTOM AYXY' CBaKH '10BeK npocnehea XP11CTOM y Ayxy nosaahe HeBI1A",11Bor Oua. A 0130 je sje-oa: »cueom aa nosnajy me6e jeanoea ucmuuumoea E02a u K02a CU nocsao 11cycaXpucma. (Iosaa 17:3) OBaKBo n03Ha!be Moryne je caxro npl1CYCTBOM Ayxa BOlK!(Ijer KOjl1 je nynoha Ouoea KOjU we ucnyieaea y CBeMY (Eep 1: 23; 2: 22).

Aoljume CBU napoou! AUBUMO ce TpOjU'fHOM 50- zy,

CUHY U 01.jy ca Ceemuu AYXOM. Iep npe C!lUX 8eKOBa Omau poou CUHa caeesnoe U ycmosuneHOZ c Ibui« A Ceemu AYx 6eUle y OLjY, CAaBA?eH ca CUHOM. Besuuajyhu JeoHY CUAY, JeaHY CYULmuHY, JeaHO DOJlfaHCmBO, YCKAUKHUMO!

Csemu DOMe KOjU cu cmnopuo we CUHOM U oej cm80M Ayxa Ceemoea!

Ceemu Kpenxu Kp03 K02a n03HaCMO Oua U Kp03 «oza Ceemu Ayx aOAa3U y ceem!

141

Ceemu EeCMpmHU, Ayme, YmeLUUme.1oY, KOjU oo O!$a UCXOaULU u y CUHY nO'/UBaLU. Ilpeceema Tpojuue! CilaBa mul

(EAemlje Ha MH Ilexecrmme)

142

IiM Ii A MO[PACI)JIljA

Arseniev, Nicholas, Revelation of Life Eternal, St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1962.

Barrois, Georges A., The Face of Christ in the Old Testament, St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1974.

Bulgakov, Sergius, The Orthodox Church, London, Centenary, 1935. Also available in paperback from the American Review of Eastern Orthodoxy, New York, n.d.

Cabasilas, Nicholas, The Life in Christ, St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1974.

Lossky, Vladimir, The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, London, James Clarke, 1957; - The Vision of God, London, Faith Press, 1963; -In the Image and Likeness of God, St. Vladimir's Press, 1974.

Meyendorff, John, The Orthodox Church, New York, Pantheon Books, 1962; -Orthodoxy and Catholicity, New York, Sheed and Ward, 1966; -Christ in Easern Chrisian Thought, St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1975.

Pelikan, Iaroslav, The Spirit of Eastern Christendom (600-1700), Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1974.

Schmemann, Alexander, For the Life of the World (Sacraments and Orthodoxy), St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1974; -Of Water and the Spirit, St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1974.

Ware, Timothy, The Orthodox Church, New York, Pelican, 1963.

143

SELECTED ARTICLES FRONI SAINT VLADIMIR'S THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY

Afanasiev, Nicholas, The Canons oj the Church: Changeable or Unchangeable, SVQ, XI, 2,1967.

Athenagoras, Metropolitan (Kokkinakis), Tradition and Traditions, SVQ, VII, 3, 1963.

Basil, Archbishop (Krivosheine), Is a New Orthodox 'Confession oj Faith' Necessary?, SVQ, Xl, 2, 1967.

Barrois, George, The Antinomy oJ Tradition, SVQ, XlII, 4,1969.

Bobrinskovy, Boris, Ascension and Liturgy, SVQ, Ill, 4, 1959.

Bogolepov, Alexander, Which Councils are Recognized as Ecumenical", SVQ, VII, 2,1963.

Clement, Olivier, Science and Faith, SVQ, X, 3,1966. Florovsky, Georges, On the Tree oj the Cross, SVQ, OSI, 1953; -And Ascended into Heaven .... , SVQ, 052,1954.

Hopke, Thomas, The Bible in the Orthodox Church, SVQ, XIV, 1-2, 1970.

Kesich, Veselin, Criticism, the Gospel and the Church, SVQ, X, 3, 1966; -Research and Prejudice, SVQ, XIV, 1-2, 1970.

Kniazeff, Alexei, The Great Sign oj the Heavenly Kingdom and Its Advent in Power (On the Theotokos), SVQ, XII, 1-2,1969.

Koulornzin, Nicholas, Images oj the Church in Saint Paul's Epistles, SVQ, XIV, 1-2, 1970.

Meyendorff, John, Historical Relativism and Authority in Christian Dogma, SVQ, XIV, 1-2, 1967; - The Orthodox Conceptof the Church, SVQ, VI, 2,1962;Tradition and Traditions, SVQ, VI, 3, 1962; -Doctrine oJGrace in St. Gregory Palamas, SVQ, S2, 1954.

Romanides, John, Original Sin According to St. Paul, SVQ, OS4, 1-2, 1955-56.

Schmemann, Alexander, Ecclesiological Notes, SVQ, XI, 1, 1967.

Verhovskoy, Serge, The Highest Authority in the Church, SVQ, rv 2-3, 1960; -Procession of the Holy

144

Spirit according to the Orthodox Doctrine oj the Holy Trinity, SVQ, OS2, 1953; -Some Theological Reflections on Chalcedon, SVQ, II, 1, 1958.

145

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